Study sets matching "final exam review anatomy physiology"

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Study sets matching "final exam review anatomy physiology"

471 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Midterm Review
parts of integumentary system
Synovial membrane
Serous membranes
Mucous membranes
This system consisted of the skin (cutaneous membrane), and a…
One of the 4 types of body membranes. ... Structure: dense conne…
One of four types of membranes.... Structure: layer of simple sq…
One of four types of membranes.... Structure: epithelia and loos…
parts of integumentary system
This system consisted of the skin (cutaneous membrane), and a…
Synovial membrane
One of the 4 types of body membranes. ... Structure: dense conne…
101 terms
Unit 1 review - anatomy and physiology
anatomy
physiology
levels of organization in the body
integumentary system
The study of body structure
The study of body function
Chemical, cellular, tissue, organ, organ system, organism (CC…
Forms external body covering and protects deeper tissue from…
anatomy
The study of body structure
physiology
The study of body function
110 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Final Review
cell
tissue
organ
organ system
smallest unit of life; building block of life
specialized groups of cells with a similar function
specialized groups of tissues with a similar function
groups of organs that preform a specific task vital to surviv…
cell
smallest unit of life; building block of life
tissue
specialized groups of cells with a similar function
Anatomy and Physiology - Midterm Review
Anatomy
Physiology
Homeostasis
Positive feedback
Study of structure.
Study of function
The maintaining of equilibrium, usually through feedback cont…
During labor, contractions lead to more contractions until th…
Anatomy
Study of structure.
Physiology
Study of function
133 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Final Review
monosaccharide
polysaccharide, glucose
glucose and oxygen
carbon dioxide, water, and ATP
A simple sugar is also called a _________________________
Glycogen is a _______________________ consisting of a long ch…
What are the reactants of aerobic cellular respiration?
What are the products of aerobic cellular respiration?
monosaccharide
A simple sugar is also called a _________________________
polysaccharide, glucose
Glycogen is a _______________________ consisting of a long ch…
238 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Test Review
Right
Left
Lateral
Medial
To the right of the body (Body direction)
To the left of the body (Body direction)
Toward the side (Body direction)
Away from the side; towards the middle (Body direction)
Right
To the right of the body (Body direction)
Left
To the left of the body (Body direction)
286 terms
SLO Anatomy & Physiology Review
Dermis
Epidermis
Melanin
Hair Follicle
-Inner layer of skin... -Thick... -Made of connective epithelium, s…
-Outer layer of skin... -Thin... -Made of squamous epithelium
-Produced by epidermis by cell called Melanocytes... - Pigment t…
-Develops from group epidermal cell at the tube-like depression
Dermis
-Inner layer of skin... -Thick... -Made of connective epithelium, s…
Epidermis
-Outer layer of skin... -Thin... -Made of squamous epithelium
391 terms
Final Exam Review - Anatomy and Physiology
Nose/Sinuses
Nasal conchae
Paranasal Sinuses (frontal, ethmoid, s…
Nasal Structures
Air enters respiratory tract through the nose. The air is fil…
Lateral to the nasal cavities are three scroll like bones whi…
Communicates with nasal structures.... Are located in the bones…
Paranasal Sinuses: Frontal sinus, ethmoid sinus, sphenoid sin…
Nose/Sinuses
Air enters respiratory tract through the nose. The air is fil…
Nasal conchae
Lateral to the nasal cavities are three scroll like bones whi…
50 terms
Midterm Review: Anatomy & Physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
Atom
Macromolecules
the structure and morphology of body parts (form and organiza…
function of body parts (what it does and how it's done)
smallest particle of elements → bond to form molecules
large molecules
Anatomy
the structure and morphology of body parts (form and organiza…
Physiology
function of body parts (what it does and how it's done)
471 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Midterm Review
parts of integumentary system
Synovial membrane
Serous membranes
Mucous membranes
This system consisted of the skin (cutaneous membrane), and a…
One of the 4 types of body membranes. ... Structure: dense conne…
One of four types of membranes.... Structure: layer of simple sq…
One of four types of membranes.... Structure: epithelia and loos…
parts of integumentary system
This system consisted of the skin (cutaneous membrane), and a…
Synovial membrane
One of the 4 types of body membranes. ... Structure: dense conne…
30 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Bones Review
Cervical Vertebrae
Clavicle
Coccyx
Femur
Cervical Vertebrae
Clavicle
41 terms
Unit 1 Review Anatomy & Physiology
Superior
Inferior
Anterior
Posterior
Toward the upper part of the body ( above )
Toward the lower part of the body ( below )
The front side of the body
The back side of the body
Superior
Toward the upper part of the body ( above )
Inferior
Toward the lower part of the body ( below )
Anatomy and Physiology SLO Review
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Autonomic Nervous System
Somatic Nervous System
Brain and spinal cord
network of nerves carrying signals into and out of the centra…
The part of the nervous system responsible involuntary action…
The part of the nervous system that deals with voluntary acti…
Central Nervous System
Brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System
network of nerves carrying signals into and out of the centra…
226 terms
Anatomy/Physiology Final Review
Superior
Example of superior
Inferior
Example of inferior
Structure above another structure
The thoracic cavity is superior to the abdominopelvic cavity
Situated below something else; pertaining to the lower surfac…
The neck is inferior to the head
Superior
Structure above another structure
Example of superior
The thoracic cavity is superior to the abdominopelvic cavity
Anatomy & Physiology Review 2
abdominal
palms and soles
vesicles
amino acids
Which ventral cavity subdivision has no bony protection?
Sebaceous glands are NOT present.
Membranous sacs that transports substances into and out of th…
The building blocks of proteins are:
abdominal
Which ventral cavity subdivision has no bony protection?
palms and soles
Sebaceous glands are NOT present.
1,010 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Final Review
Anatomy
Physiology
Medical terminology
Gross anatomy
The study of internal and external structures of the body and…
The study of how living organisms perform their vital functions
The use of prefixes, suffixes, word roots, and combining form…
Features that are visible without a microscope
Anatomy
The study of internal and external structures of the body and…
Physiology
The study of how living organisms perform their vital functions
46 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Review
11 human body systems
starting with molecules give the hiera…
anatomical position
planes of referrence
reproductive... integumentary... skeletal... muscular... nervous... circulat…
molecules ->cells ->organs -> organ system
feet slightly apart, palms facing foreward
frontal/coronal... transverse... sagittal
11 human body systems
reproductive... integumentary... skeletal... muscular... nervous... circulat…
starting with molecules give the hiera…
molecules ->cells ->organs -> organ system
168 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Final Review
ABduction means to ___
ADduction means to ___
One of the primary and significant dif…
Which foramen/foramina is/are located…
move away from midline
move towards the midline
contains mineral crystals in the matrix
foramen ovale
ABduction means to ___
move away from midline
ADduction means to ___
move towards the midline
27 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Muscles Review
Adductors
Biceps brachii
Biceps femoris
Brachioradialis
Adductors
Biceps brachii
Anatomy and Physiology Review 5
pericardium
pleura
keratin
external auditory meatus
The serosa encompassing the heart
The serosa encompassing the lungs
The tough protein that can be found in the nails and the hair.
small opening inwards to the ear
pericardium
The serosa encompassing the heart
pleura
The serosa encompassing the lungs
94 terms
Anatomy & Physiology
anatomy
physiology
form determines
metabolism
Study of structure
Study of function
function and vice versa
All of the chemical reactions that occur within an organism
anatomy
Study of structure
physiology
Study of function
Anatomy and Physiology Review 1
206
tissues
epithelial
organ systems
Total amount of bones in an adult skeleton
Organized groups of cells with similar structures and a commo…
Tissue that is specialized to cover the inner and outer surfa…
Organs that work together to perform particular functions mak…
206
Total amount of bones in an adult skeleton
tissues
Organized groups of cells with similar structures and a commo…
148 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Final Review
L1-L2
Cervical Enlargement
Lumbar Enlargement
Conus Medullaris
The spinal cord starts at the level of the foramen magnum but…
What area of the spinal cord supplies structures of the neck…
What area of the spinal cord supplies the lower limbs and cor…
The tapered inferior, lower end of the spinal cord that is fo…
L1-L2
The spinal cord starts at the level of the foramen magnum but…
Cervical Enlargement
What area of the spinal cord supplies structures of the neck…
110 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Final Review
cell
tissue
organ
organ system
smallest unit of life; building block of life
specialized groups of cells with a similar function
specialized groups of tissues with a similar function
groups of organs that preform a specific task vital to surviv…
cell
smallest unit of life; building block of life
tissue
specialized groups of cells with a similar function
70 terms
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY I FINAL REVIEW
Anatomy
Physiology
suffix
Root word
Study of structure
Study of function
end of the word
essence or foundation of the word
Anatomy
Study of structure
Physiology
Study of function
40 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Biochemistry Exam Review
Elements commonly found in organic mol…
How are radioisotopes chosen to be use…
2 unique properties of water
Function as electrolytes to carry curr…
CHNOPS
PET scans, imaging, locating source of diseases
Expands as a solid, universal solvent
Salts
Elements commonly found in organic mol…
CHNOPS
How are radioisotopes chosen to be use…
PET scans, imaging, locating source of diseases
474 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Finals Review
muscles
muscle tone; propel body fluids and fo…
Cardiac, skeletal, smooth
Contains connective tissue (coverings)…
organs made of specialized cells that use chemical energy to…
What does muscular action provide?
What are the three types of muscle?
What is the general structure of a skeletal muscle?
muscles
organs made of specialized cells that use chemical energy to…
muscle tone; propel body fluids and fo…
What does muscular action provide?
24 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Tissues Review
Tissues
Organ
Histology
Four Main tissue Groups include:
A collection of cells, not necessarily identical, derived fro…
a structure composed of two or more tissue types that work to…
the study of tissues
1. Epithelial... 2. Connective... 3. Muscular... 4. Nervous
Tissues
A collection of cells, not necessarily identical, derived fro…
Organ
a structure composed of two or more tissue types that work to…
Anatomy and Physiology Endocrine Review
Steroid Based Hormone
Amino Acid Based Hormone
Exocrine Gland
Endocrine Gland
a fat soluble water insoluble hormone that requires a chapero…
a fat insoluble water soluble hormone that travel through the…
a gland that secretes a substance through a duct
a gland that secretes a substance directly to the blood stream
Steroid Based Hormone
a fat soluble water insoluble hormone that requires a chapero…
Amino Acid Based Hormone
a fat insoluble water soluble hormone that travel through the…
47 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Test Review
Define Anatomy
Define Physiology
Explain how anatomy and physiology are…
Name the levels of structural organiza…
Study of the structure and shape of the body and its parts
Study of how the body and its parts work or function
You can't understand how the body and its functions work, wit…
1. Chemical level (atoms -> molecules)... 2. Cellular level (mol…
Define Anatomy
Study of the structure and shape of the body and its parts
Define Physiology
Study of how the body and its parts work or function
RMA REVIEW ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY
The first period of menstrual bleeding…
The energy that is necessary to keep t…
The portion of the brain that coordina…
the strands of DNA in the nucleus are…
menarche
basal metabolism
cerebellum
chromatin
The first period of menstrual bleeding…
menarche
The energy that is necessary to keep t…
basal metabolism
48 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Tissue Review
Four primary tissue types
role of epithelium
role of connective tissue
role of muscle
epithelium, connective tissue, nervous tissue, and muscle
protection, absorption, filtration, and secretion
support
movement
Four primary tissue types
epithelium, connective tissue, nervous tissue, and muscle
role of epithelium
protection, absorption, filtration, and secretion
Anatomy and Physiology exam review
Anatomy
physiology
levels of structural organization
negative feedback
study of the structure and shape of the body and its parts
study of how the body and its parts work or function
1. Atoms 2. cells 3. tissues 4. organs 5. Organ systems
includes most homeostatic control mechanisms and shuts off th…
Anatomy
study of the structure and shape of the body and its parts
physiology
study of how the body and its parts work or function
107 terms
anatomy and physiology 1 Final review
anterior grey horns
anterior medial fissure
anterior roots
branchial plexus
the grey mater in the anterior part of the spinal cord
a wide groove at the anterior of the spinal cord
are the base of the nerves where they arise on the anterior o…
supplies the shoulders and upper limbs (spinal nerves C5-C8,…
anterior grey horns
the grey mater in the anterior part of the spinal cord
anterior medial fissure
a wide groove at the anterior of the spinal cord
26 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Midterm Review
Skeletal system
The skeletal system functions in:
Parts of a typical long bone
Bone tissue consists of:
Constituted of the entire framework of bones and their cartil…
Support, protection, movement, mineral homeostasis, blood cel…
Diaphysis (shaft), proximal and distal epiphyses (ends), meta…
Widely separated cells surrounded by large amounts of extrace…
Skeletal system
Constituted of the entire framework of bones and their cartil…
The skeletal system functions in:
Support, protection, movement, mineral homeostasis, blood cel…
471 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Midterm Review
parts of integumentary system
Synovial membrane
Serous membranes
Mucous membranes
This system consisted of the skin (cutaneous membrane), and a…
One of the 4 types of body membranes. ... Structure: dense conne…
One of four types of membranes.... Structure: layer of simple sq…
One of four types of membranes.... Structure: epithelia and loos…
parts of integumentary system
This system consisted of the skin (cutaneous membrane), and a…
Synovial membrane
One of the 4 types of body membranes. ... Structure: dense conne…
48 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 1 review
Anatomy
Physiology
Atoms
Cells
The study of the structure and shape of the body and its part…
The study of how the body and its parts work or function.
The building blocks of matter that combine to form molecules…
The smallest unit of living things.
Anatomy
The study of the structure and shape of the body and its part…
Physiology
The study of how the body and its parts work or function.
Anatomy and Physiology
cephalic
otic
occipital
abdominal
head
ear
back off head
gut
cephalic
head
otic
ear
110 terms
Anatomy/Physiology Cell Review
ROUGH ER
CYTOPLASM
NUCLEOLUS
CHROMOSOME
Transports proteins through the cell
Jelly-like interior of the cell where reactions take place
Found in nucleus; makes ribosomes
Tightly coiled, visible DNA, present during cell division
ROUGH ER
Transports proteins through the cell
CYTOPLASM
Jelly-like interior of the cell where reactions take place
42 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Endocrine
Respiratory
Muscular
Integument
main system that secretes regulating hormones
exchange of gases between the atmosphere and the blood
maintains posture, movement and generates most body heat. mov…
provides an outer covering of the body
Endocrine
main system that secretes regulating hormones
Respiratory
exchange of gases between the atmosphere and the blood
anatomy & physiology review
urinary
cardiovascular
nervous
respiratory
kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra
heart, arteries, veins
brain, spinal cord, nerves
lungs, nasal cavity, trachea
urinary
kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra
cardiovascular
heart, arteries, veins
Anatomy & Physiology Tissue Review
Epithelial tissue functions
Epi. squamous shape
Epi. cuboidal shape
Epi. columnar shape
1) Filtration, diffusion secretion and absorption... 2) Resistan…
flattened and scalelike
box-like, approximately as tall as they are wide
tall & column shaped
Epithelial tissue functions
1) Filtration, diffusion secretion and absorption... 2) Resistan…
Epi. squamous shape
flattened and scalelike
34 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Review Question
Define anatomy, physiology, and histol…
Identify the anatomical parts of the b…
What is a cell?
Define mitosis.
Page 139 paragraph 3 - 5
Page 139 paragraph 3
Page 140 paragraph 1
Page 140 paragraph 4
Define anatomy, physiology, and histol…
Page 139 paragraph 3 - 5
Identify the anatomical parts of the b…
Page 139 paragraph 3
134 terms
Medical Anatomy & Physiology Review
What cavity holds the liver?
Describe anatomy.
What is the name of the mechanism that…
What plane divides you into right and…
abdominal cavity
the study of structure
negative feedback, homeostasis
sagittal plane (midsagittal)
What cavity holds the liver?
abdominal cavity
Describe anatomy.
the study of structure
64 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Abdominal Cavity
Abdominopelvic Cavity
Anatomical Position
Anatomy
The largest hallow body cavity in humans and many animals, an…
Division of the anterior (ventral) cavity that houses the abd…
A standard reference position used for describing location an…
Science that studies the form and composition of the the body…
Abdominal Cavity
The largest hallow body cavity in humans and many animals, an…
Abdominopelvic Cavity
Division of the anterior (ventral) cavity that houses the abd…
208 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Final Exam Review
pH Human Blood
Integumentary System Functions
Skeletal System Functions
Muscular System Functions
7.4
Regulates body temperature, protection, waste elimination, co…
Provides support and protection, site of homeopoiesis, stores…
Produces body movement, generates heat when muscles contract
pH Human Blood
7.4
Integumentary System Functions
Regulates body temperature, protection, waste elimination, co…
Anatomy & Physiology - Chapter 2 Review
potential energy
kinetic energy
thermal energy
moving objects do work by:
energy an object has because of its position (or internal str…
energy associated with a moving object; energy in action, the…
kinetic energy is expressed as heat, or _____, which is conti…
transferring their motion to other objects
potential energy
energy an object has because of its position (or internal str…
kinetic energy
energy associated with a moving object; energy in action, the…
54 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Test Review
urinary
endocrine
skeletal
cardiovascular
rids the body of nitrogen-containing waste
is affected by the removal of the thyroid gland
provides support and levers on which the muscular system can…
includes the heart
urinary
rids the body of nitrogen-containing waste
endocrine
is affected by the removal of the thyroid gland
91 terms
Chapter 3 Anatomy and Physiology Review - Chambers
What are cells?
What are the 3 main parts of a cell?
What is the plasma membrane?
What is the function of the plasma mem…
Living structural and functional units enclosed by a membrane.
1. cell membrane... 2. cytoplasm... 3. nucleus
It forms the cell's flexible outer surface that surrounds and…
It separates the cell's interior environment from the exterio…
What are cells?
Living structural and functional units enclosed by a membrane.
What are the 3 main parts of a cell?
1. cell membrane... 2. cytoplasm... 3. nucleus
Biochemistry Review Anatomy and Physiology
Diffusion
Electrolytes
Osmosis
Hydrophobic membrane
Movement of Molecules from a higher concentration to equilibr…
Balance (KCl, NaCl, CaPO4, NaHCO3)
Diffusion through a semi-permeable membrane
Attracts sugar
Diffusion
Movement of Molecules from a higher concentration to equilibr…
Electrolytes
Balance (KCl, NaCl, CaPO4, NaHCO3)
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