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Study sets matching "final exam review anatomy physiology"

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Study sets matching "final exam review anatomy physiology"

30 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Bones Review
Cervical Vertebrae
Clavicle
Coccyx
Femur
Cervical Vertebrae
Clavicle
101 terms
Unit 1 review - anatomy and physiology
anatomy
physiology
levels of organization in the body
integumentary system
The study of body structure
The study of body function
Chemical, cellular, tissue, organ, organ system, organism (CC…
Forms external body covering and protects deeper tissue from…
anatomy
The study of body structure
physiology
The study of body function
28 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Midterm Review
Anatomy
Physiology
Homeostasis
Positive feedback
Study of structure.
Study of function
The maintaining of equilibrium, usually through feedback cont…
During labor, contractions lead to more contractions until th…
Anatomy
Study of structure.
Physiology
Study of function
110 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Final Review
cell
tissue
organ
organ system
smallest unit of life; building block of life
specialized groups of cells with a similar function
specialized groups of tissues with a similar function
groups of organs that preform a specific task vital to surviv…
cell
smallest unit of life; building block of life
tissue
specialized groups of cells with a similar function
286 terms
SLO Anatomy & Physiology Review
Dermis
Epidermis
Melanin
Hair Follicle
-Inner layer of skin... -Thick... -Made of connective epithelium, s…
-Outer layer of skin... -Thin... -Made of squamous epithelium
-Produced by epidermis by cell called Melanocytes... - Pigment t…
-Develops from group epidermal cell at the tube-like depression
Dermis
-Inner layer of skin... -Thick... -Made of connective epithelium, s…
Epidermis
-Outer layer of skin... -Thin... -Made of squamous epithelium
133 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Final Review
monosaccharide
polysaccharide, glucose
glucose and oxygen
carbon dioxide, water, and ATP
A simple sugar is also called a _________________________
Glycogen is a _______________________ consisting of a long ch…
What are the reactants of aerobic cellular respiration?
What are the products of aerobic cellular respiration?
monosaccharide
A simple sugar is also called a _________________________
polysaccharide, glucose
Glycogen is a _______________________ consisting of a long ch…
238 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Test Review
Right
Left
Lateral
Medial
To the right of the body (Body direction)
To the left of the body (Body direction)
Toward the side (Body direction)
Away from the side; towards the middle (Body direction)
Right
To the right of the body (Body direction)
Left
To the left of the body (Body direction)
391 terms
Final Exam Review - Anatomy and Physiology
Nose/Sinuses
Nasal conchae
Paranasal Sinuses (frontal, ethmoid, s…
Nasal Structures
Air enters respiratory tract through the nose. The air is fil…
Lateral to the nasal cavities are three scroll like bones whi…
Communicates with nasal structures.... Are located in the bones…
Paranasal Sinuses: Frontal sinus, ethmoid sinus, sphenoid sin…
Nose/Sinuses
Air enters respiratory tract through the nose. The air is fil…
Nasal conchae
Lateral to the nasal cavities are three scroll like bones whi…
269 terms
Anatomy and Physiology SLO Review
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Autonomic Nervous System
Somatic Nervous System
Brain and spinal cord
network of nerves carrying signals into and out of the centra…
The part of the nervous system responsible involuntary action…
The part of the nervous system that deals with voluntary acti…
Central Nervous System
Brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System
network of nerves carrying signals into and out of the centra…
46 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Review
11 human body systems
starting with molecules give the hiera…
anatomical position
planes of referrence
reproductive... integumentary... skeletal... muscular... nervous... circulat…
molecules ->cells ->organs -> organ system
feet slightly apart, palms facing foreward
frontal/coronal... transverse... sagittal
11 human body systems
reproductive... integumentary... skeletal... muscular... nervous... circulat…
starting with molecules give the hiera…
molecules ->cells ->organs -> organ system
94 terms
Anatomy & Physiology
anatomy
physiology
form determines
metabolism
Study of structure
Study of function
function and vice versa
All of the chemical reactions that occur within an organism
anatomy
Study of structure
physiology
Study of function
471 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Midterm Review
parts of integumentary system
Synovial membrane
Serous membranes
Mucous membranes
This system consisted of the skin (cutaneous membrane), and a…
One of the 4 types of body membranes. ... Structure: dense conne…
One of four types of membranes.... Structure: layer of simple sq…
One of four types of membranes.... Structure: epithelia and loos…
parts of integumentary system
This system consisted of the skin (cutaneous membrane), and a…
Synovial membrane
One of the 4 types of body membranes. ... Structure: dense conne…
110 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Final Review
cell
tissue
organ
organ system
smallest unit of life; building block of life
specialized groups of cells with a similar function
specialized groups of tissues with a similar function
groups of organs that preform a specific task vital to surviv…
cell
smallest unit of life; building block of life
tissue
specialized groups of cells with a similar function
111 terms
RMA REVIEW ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY
The first period of menstrual bleeding…
The energy that is necessary to keep t…
The portion of the brain that coordina…
the strands of DNA in the nucleus are…
menarche
basal metabolism
cerebellum
chromatin
The first period of menstrual bleeding…
menarche
The energy that is necessary to keep t…
basal metabolism
48 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 1 review
Anatomy
Physiology
Atoms
Cells
The study of the structure and shape of the body and its part…
The study of how the body and its parts work or function.
The building blocks of matter that combine to form molecules…
The smallest unit of living things.
Anatomy
The study of the structure and shape of the body and its part…
Physiology
The study of how the body and its parts work or function.
474 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Finals Review
muscles
muscle tone; propel body fluids and fo…
Cardiac, skeletal, smooth
Contains connective tissue (coverings)…
organs made of specialized cells that use chemical energy to…
What does muscular action provide?
What are the three types of muscle?
What is the general structure of a skeletal muscle?
muscles
organs made of specialized cells that use chemical energy to…
muscle tone; propel body fluids and fo…
What does muscular action provide?
47 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Test Review
Define Anatomy
Define Physiology
Explain how anatomy and physiology are…
Name the levels of structural organiza…
Study of the structure and shape of the body and its parts
Study of how the body and its parts work or function
You can't understand how the body and its functions work, wit…
1. Chemical level (atoms -> molecules)... 2. Cellular level (mol…
Define Anatomy
Study of the structure and shape of the body and its parts
Define Physiology
Study of how the body and its parts work or function
79 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
cephalic
otic
occipital
abdominal
head
ear
back off head
gut
cephalic
head
otic
ear
40 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Biochemistry Exam Review
Elements commonly found in organic mol…
How are radioisotopes chosen to be use…
2 unique properties of water
Function as electrolytes to carry curr…
CHNOPS
PET scans, imaging, locating source of diseases
Expands as a solid, universal solvent
Salts
Elements commonly found in organic mol…
CHNOPS
How are radioisotopes chosen to be use…
PET scans, imaging, locating source of diseases
64 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Abdominal Cavity
Abdominopelvic Cavity
Anatomical Position
Anatomy
The largest hallow body cavity in humans and many animals, an…
Division of the anterior (ventral) cavity that houses the abd…
A standard reference position used for describing location an…
Science that studies the form and composition of the the body…
Abdominal Cavity
The largest hallow body cavity in humans and many animals, an…
Abdominopelvic Cavity
Division of the anterior (ventral) cavity that houses the abd…
110 terms
Anatomy/Physiology Cell Review
ROUGH ER
CYTOPLASM
NUCLEOLUS
CHROMOSOME
Transports proteins through the cell
Jelly-like interior of the cell where reactions take place
Found in nucleus; makes ribosomes
Tightly coiled, visible DNA, present during cell division
ROUGH ER
Transports proteins through the cell
CYTOPLASM
Jelly-like interior of the cell where reactions take place
104 terms
Anatomy and Physiology exam review
Anatomy
physiology
levels of structural organization
negative feedback
study of the structure and shape of the body and its parts
study of how the body and its parts work or function
1. Atoms 2. cells 3. tissues 4. organs 5. Organ systems
includes most homeostatic control mechanisms and shuts off th…
Anatomy
study of the structure and shape of the body and its parts
physiology
study of how the body and its parts work or function
168 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Final Review
ABduction means to ___
ADduction means to ___
One of the primary and significant dif…
Which foramen/foramina is/are located…
move away from midline
move towards the midline
contains mineral crystals in the matrix
foramen ovale
ABduction means to ___
move away from midline
ADduction means to ___
move towards the midline
34 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Review Question
Define anatomy, physiology, and histol…
Identify the anatomical parts of the b…
What is a cell?
Define mitosis.
Page 139 paragraph 3 - 5
Page 139 paragraph 3
Page 140 paragraph 1
Page 140 paragraph 4
Define anatomy, physiology, and histol…
Page 139 paragraph 3 - 5
Identify the anatomical parts of the b…
Page 139 paragraph 3
91 terms
Chapter 3 Anatomy and Physiology Review - Chambers
What are cells?
What are the 3 main parts of a cell?
What is the plasma membrane?
What is the function of the plasma mem…
Living structural and functional units enclosed by a membrane.
1. cell membrane... 2. cytoplasm... 3. nucleus
It forms the cell's flexible outer surface that surrounds and…
It separates the cell's interior environment from the exterio…
What are cells?
Living structural and functional units enclosed by a membrane.
What are the 3 main parts of a cell?
1. cell membrane... 2. cytoplasm... 3. nucleus
134 terms
Medical Anatomy & Physiology Review
What cavity holds the liver?
Describe anatomy.
What is the name of the mechanism that…
What plane divides you into right and…
abdominal cavity
the study of structure
negative feedback, homeostasis
sagittal plane (midsagittal)
What cavity holds the liver?
abdominal cavity
Describe anatomy.
the study of structure
42 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Endocrine
Respiratory
Muscular
Integument
main system that secretes regulating hormones
exchange of gases between the atmosphere and the blood
maintains posture, movement and generates most body heat. mov…
provides an outer covering of the body
Endocrine
main system that secretes regulating hormones
Respiratory
exchange of gases between the atmosphere and the blood
32 terms
anatomy and physiology chapter 10 review
cerebellum
myoneural
astrocytes
hypothalamus
part of the brain responsible for coordinating movements and…
pertaining to the muscle cells and nerves
glial cells
part of the brain that controls the pituitary gland, water ba…
cerebellum
part of the brain responsible for coordinating movements and…
myoneural
pertaining to the muscle cells and nerves
61 terms
anatomy and physiology final review
anatomy refers to?
simplest level of structural organizat…
four basic types of tissue
what is composed of at least two tissu…
structure of body parts
chemical (cell)
endothelial ... connective... muscle... nerve
organ
anatomy refers to?
structure of body parts
simplest level of structural organizat…
chemical (cell)
64 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Review for Final
Hippocrates
Aristotle
Claudius Galen
Maimonides
-a Greek Physician... -"Father of Medicine"... -Established the Hip…
-Believed diseases had supernatural or physical causes... -Super…
-Physician to Roman Gladiators... -Did animal dissections becaus…
Jewish physician who wrote 10 influential medical texts
Hippocrates
-a Greek Physician... -"Father of Medicine"... -Established the Hip…
Aristotle
-Believed diseases had supernatural or physical causes... -Super…
56 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Muscle Review
3 types of muscle tissue
Describe skeletal muscle
Describe cardiac muscle
Describe smooth muscle
skeletal, smooth, and cardiac
is striated with light & dark bands visible with the microscope
~ shows autorhythmicity because of intrinsic pacemaker... ~ Loca…
~ forms walls of hollow organs of hollow organs - examples: s…
3 types of muscle tissue
skeletal, smooth, and cardiac
Describe skeletal muscle
is striated with light & dark bands visible with the microscope
14 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Endocrine Review
Steroid Based Hormone
Amino Acid Based Hormone
Exocrine Gland
Endocrine Gland
a fat soluble water insoluble hormone that requires a chapero…
a fat insoluble water soluble hormone that travel through the…
a gland that secretes a substance through a duct
a gland that secretes a substance directly to the blood stream
Steroid Based Hormone
a fat soluble water insoluble hormone that requires a chapero…
Amino Acid Based Hormone
a fat insoluble water soluble hormone that travel through the…
72 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Review
Tachycardia
Bradycardia
A: Superior Vena Cava... B: Pulmonary Vei…
1: oxygenated... 2: deoxygenated... 3: syste…
A Heart Rate that exceeds the normal resting rate. Type of Ar…
Abnormally slow Heart action. Type of Arrhythmia.
Identify the Anatomy of the Heart.
The heart pumps ____________ blood to the body and __________…
Tachycardia
A Heart Rate that exceeds the normal resting rate. Type of Ar…
Bradycardia
Abnormally slow Heart action. Type of Arrhythmia.
Anatomy & Physiology Review
P Wave
QRS Complex
T Wave
Myosin
Atrial Depolarization--> corresponds with atrial contraction.…
ventricular depolarization-->ventricular contraction
ventricular repolarization--> leads to ventricular relaxation
protein that makes up the thick filaments in striations in sk…
P Wave
Atrial Depolarization--> corresponds with atrial contraction.…
QRS Complex
ventricular depolarization-->ventricular contraction
24 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Tissues Review
Tissues
Organ
Histology
Four Main tissue Groups include:
A collection of cells, not necessarily identical, derived fro…
a structure composed of two or more tissue types that work to…
the study of tissues
1. Epithelial... 2. Connective... 3. Muscular... 4. Nervous
Tissues
A collection of cells, not necessarily identical, derived fro…
Organ
a structure composed of two or more tissue types that work to…
41 terms
Unit 1 Review Anatomy & Physiology
Superior
Inferior
Anterior
Posterior
Toward the upper part of the body ( above )
Toward the lower part of the body ( below )
The front side of the body
The back side of the body
Superior
Toward the upper part of the body ( above )
Inferior
Toward the lower part of the body ( below )
48 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Tissue Review
Four primary tissue types
role of epithelium
role of connective tissue
role of muscle
epithelium, connective tissue, nervous tissue, and muscle
protection, absorption, filtration, and secretion
support
movement
Four primary tissue types
epithelium, connective tissue, nervous tissue, and muscle
role of epithelium
protection, absorption, filtration, and secretion
256 terms
Anatomy & Physiology "review"
The epidermis is made of this tissue:
The dermis is made of this kind of tis…
Two layers of the dermis
Where would you find adipose?
(keratinized) stratified squamous epithelium
Connective (dense irregular)
hahahahahahaha
subcutaneous
The epidermis is made of this tissue:
(keratinized) stratified squamous epithelium
The dermis is made of this kind of tis…
Connective (dense irregular)
141 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Liver
Gall Bladder
Pancreas
Spleen
Produces Bile, RUQ
Stores Bile, RUQ
Produces Insulin, LUQ
Vascular Organ in the LUQ, First line of defense in infection
Liver
Produces Bile, RUQ
Gall Bladder
Stores Bile, RUQ
58 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Abdominal (Abdomen)
Acromion (Acromial)
Antebrachium (Antebrachial)
Antecubitis (Antecubital)
The abdomen (commonly called the belly) is the body space bet…
A bony process on the scapula.
Forearm... The part of the arm between the wrist and the elbow.
front of elbow
Abdominal (Abdomen)
The abdomen (commonly called the belly) is the body space bet…
Acromion (Acromial)
A bony process on the scapula.
107 terms
anatomy and physiology 1 Final review
anterior grey horns
anterior medial fissure
anterior roots
branchial plexus
the grey mater in the anterior part of the spinal cord
a wide groove at the anterior of the spinal cord
are the base of the nerves where they arise on the anterior o…
supplies the shoulders and upper limbs (spinal nerves C5-C8,…
anterior grey horns
the grey mater in the anterior part of the spinal cord
anterior medial fissure
a wide groove at the anterior of the spinal cord
189 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Midterm Review
Anatomy
Physiology
Anatomical Position
Major Elements of the Body
study of structure of body parts
study of the function of the body
body erect, feet slightly apart, palms facing forward
Carbon, Nitrogen, Hydrogen, Oxygen
Anatomy
study of structure of body parts
Physiology
study of the function of the body
46 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Review Vocab
Eversion
Pennate
Alpha waves
Meninges
Movement of the lateral edge of the foot so it turns outward
Muscles that have a feather like fiber arrangement
the relatively slow brain waves of a relaxed, awake state, as…
three layers of connective tissue in which the brain and spin…
Eversion
Movement of the lateral edge of the foot so it turns outward
Pennate
Muscles that have a feather like fiber arrangement
37 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Muscles (Anatomy)
frontalis
frontalis
sternocleidomastoid
sternocleidomastoid
frontalis
frontalis
97 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Review
Parietal
Frontal
Occipital
Zygomatic
Parietal
Frontal
Anatomy and Physiology Bones Review
Cervical Vertebrae
Clavicle
Coccyx
Femur
Cervical Vertebrae
Clavicle
35 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
ethmoid
frontal
lacrimal
mandible
light spongy bone between the eye sockets (2)
bone that forms the forehead
small thin bones located at the front inner wall... of the orbit…
lower jawbone;largest and strongest bone on the face
ethmoid
light spongy bone between the eye sockets (2)
frontal
bone that forms the forehead
34 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Biochemistry Review
Carbon (C)
Hydrogen (H)
Oxygen (O)
Phosphorus (P)
Basis of all organic compounds
Water: participates in energy metabolism
Water; metabolize nutrients for energy
ATP; builds bone and teeth; cell membrane and nucleic acid
Carbon (C)
Basis of all organic compounds
Hydrogen (H)
Water: participates in energy metabolism
53 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Review
Matter
Chemical Bonds
Epithelial Tissue
Connective Tissue
-anything that has weight and takes up space
-Ionic Bonds: metal to non-metal--->gain or loss of e- creati…
-covers body surfaces and lines hollow organs, body cavities,…
-protects and supports the body and its organs... -various types…
Matter
-anything that has weight and takes up space
Chemical Bonds
-Ionic Bonds: metal to non-metal--->gain or loss of e- creati…
19 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Review Tissue
simple squamous
simple cuboidal
simple columnar
stratified squamous
Function:Filtration... Location:Lines air sacs, blood vessels
Function:secretion and absorption... Location:Lines kidney tubul…
Function:Absorption and secretion... Location: Non-cilated type…
Function:Protection... Location:in areas like the mouth and surf…
simple squamous
Function:Filtration... Location:Lines air sacs, blood vessels
simple cuboidal
Function:secretion and absorption... Location:Lines kidney tubul…
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