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Study sets matching "final exam science conceptual physics"

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Study sets matching "final exam science conceptual physics"

16 terms
Conceptual Physics Chapter 1: About Science
Scientific method
Controlled experiment
Control
Variable
Orderly method for gaining, organizing and applying new knowl…
usually has a control group that is kept under normal conditi…
group that is kept under normal conditions, used as a compari…
conditions that can be changed
Scientific method
Orderly method for gaining, organizing and applying new knowl…
Controlled experiment
usually has a control group that is kept under normal conditi…
29 terms
Conceptual Science Physics Terms
potential energy
kinetic energy
temperature
distance
energy that is stored
the energy of motion
the measure of the average kinetic energy
a quantity which refers to "how much ground an object has cov…
potential energy
energy that is stored
kinetic energy
the energy of motion
16 terms
About Science -- Conceptual Physics
... True
...True
... True
...False
In science, an educated guess about the answer is called a hy…
The synthesis of a large body of information that encompasses…
When scientific findings are expressed mathematically, they a…
A scientific fact is something that is absolute and unchanging.
... True
In science, an educated guess about the answer is called a hy…
...True
The synthesis of a large body of information that encompasses…
15 terms
Physical science conceptual
Concentration
Dissolving
Heterogenous mixture
Homogeneous mixture
A quantitative measure of the amount of solute in a solution.
The process of mixing a solute in a solvent.
A mixture in which the various components can be seen as ... in…
A mixture in which the components are so finely mixed that th…
Concentration
A quantitative measure of the amount of solute in a solution.
Dissolving
The process of mixing a solute in a solvent.
98 terms
Conceptual Physical Science Final
If you push an object twice as far whi…
The net force on any object moving at…
Exert 1 N for a distance of 1 m in 1 s…
Padded dashboards in cars are safer in…
twice as much work
zero
1 Watt
increased time of impact and decreased impact force
If you push an object twice as far whi…
twice as much work
The net force on any object moving at…
zero
Conceptual Physical Science Final
If you push an object twice as far whi…
The net force on any object moving at…
Exert 1 N for a distance of 1 m in 1 s…
Padded dashboards in cars are safer in…
twice as much work
zero
1 Watt
increased time of impact and decreased impact force
If you push an object twice as far whi…
twice as much work
The net force on any object moving at…
zero
13 terms
Conceptual Physical Science [Chapter 4]
ellipse
escape speed
inverse-square law
law of universal gravitation
The oval path followed by a satellite. The sum of the distanc…
The speed that a projectile, space probe, or similar object m…
The intensity of an effect from a localized source spreads un…
Every object in the universe attracts every other object
ellipse
The oval path followed by a satellite. The sum of the distanc…
escape speed
The speed that a projectile, space probe, or similar object m…
11 terms
Conceptual Physical Science Chapter 6
Absolute zero
Entropy
First Law of Thermodynamics
Heat
The temperature at which no further energy can be taken from…
The measure of energy dispersal of a system. Whenever energy…
A restatement of the law of energy conservation, usually as i…
The thermal energy that flows from a substance of higher temp…
Absolute zero
The temperature at which no further energy can be taken from…
Entropy
The measure of energy dispersal of a system. Whenever energy…
17 terms
conceptual physical science chapter 3
Momentum
Impulse
Relationship between Impulse and Momen…
Conservation of momentum
A quantity defined as the product of the mass and velocity of…
the product of the force acting on an object and the time dur…
between impulse and momentum: impulse is equal to the change…
In the absence of an outside force, the total momentum will b…
Momentum
A quantity defined as the product of the mass and velocity of…
Impulse
the product of the force acting on an object and the time dur…
conceptual physical science exam
a wave in which the particles of the m…
A wave in which the vibration is in th…
total energy of all atoms and molecule…
The coldest temperature, 0 Kelvin, tha…
transverse wave
longitudinal wave
thermal energy
absolute zero
a wave in which the particles of the m…
transverse wave
A wave in which the vibration is in th…
longitudinal wave
16 terms
Conceptual Physical Science Hewitt
Momentum
Momentum Equation
Impulse
Impulse-Momentum Relationship
- "Inertia in motion". ... - Momentum is a vector quantity since…
- The product of the mass of an object and its velocity. ... Mo…
- The product of the force acting on an object and the time d…
- Impulse is equal to the change in the momentum of the objec…
Momentum
- "Inertia in motion". ... - Momentum is a vector quantity since…
Momentum Equation
- The product of the mass of an object and its velocity. ... Mo…
9 terms
Conceptual physical science
Motion
Distance
Displacement
Speed
Action or process of moving or being moved.
An amount of spaces between two things or people.
The moving of something from its place or position.
The rate of a someone or something is able to move or operate.
Motion
Action or process of moving or being moved.
Distance
An amount of spaces between two things or people.
12 terms
Conceptual Physic Science
Co
Con
Graph
Ment
Together
With, together
Writing or picture
Result of
Co
Together
Con
With, together
13 terms
Conceptual Physical Science Hewitt Ch. 23
Covalent Bond
Covalent Compound
Dipole
Electron-Dot Structures
A chemical bond in which the atoms are held together by their…
An element or chemical compound in which atoms are held toget…
A separation of electric charge that occurs in a chemical bon…
A shorthand notation of the shell model of the atom in which…
Covalent Bond
A chemical bond in which the atoms are held together by their…
Covalent Compound
An element or chemical compound in which atoms are held toget…
9 terms
Conceptual Physical Science Hewitt Ch. 7
Tangential Velocity
Law of Universal Gravitation
Law of Universal Gravitation Equation
Universal Gravitational Constant
Velocity that is parallel (tangent) to a curved surface. ... P.…
Every body in the universe attracts every other body with a m…
P. 107
G = 0.0000000000667 N... Expressed in Newtons (N).... P. 107
Tangential Velocity
Velocity that is parallel (tangent) to a curved surface. ... P.…
Law of Universal Gravitation
Every body in the universe attracts every other body with a m…
85 terms
Conceptual Physics Ch 5
Newton's third law of motion
Vector quantity
Scalar quantity
Vector
Whenever one object exerts a force on a second object, the se…
A quantity that has both magnitude and direction. Examples ar…
A quantity that has magnitude but not direction. Examples are…
An arrow drawn to scale used to represent a vector quantity.
Newton's third law of motion
Whenever one object exerts a force on a second object, the se…
Vector quantity
A quantity that has both magnitude and direction. Examples ar…
19 terms
Conceptual Physics 01: About Science
Fact
Hypothesis
Law
Principle
A close agreement by competent observers of a series of obser…
An educated guess; a reasonable explanation of an observation…
A general hypothesis or statement about the relationship of n…
A general hypothesis or statement about the relationship of n…
Fact
A close agreement by competent observers of a series of obser…
Hypothesis
An educated guess; a reasonable explanation of an observation…
9 terms
Conceptual Physical Science Hewitt Ch. 4
Interaction
Force
Newton's Third Law
Action and Reaction on Objects of Diff…
Mutual action between objects where each object exerts an equ…
Any influence that can cause an object to be accelerated. Mea…
Whenever one object exerts a force on a second object (action…
A given force exerted on a small mass produces a large accele…
Interaction
Mutual action between objects where each object exerts an equ…
Force
Any influence that can cause an object to be accelerated. Mea…
21 terms
Conceptual Physical Science Hewitt Ch. 13
Amplitude
Beats
Bow Wave
Doppler Effect
For a wave or vibration, the maximum displacement on either s…
A series of alternate reinforcements and cancellations produc…
The V-shaped wave produced by an object moving across a liqui…
The change in frequency of wave motion resulting from motion…
Amplitude
For a wave or vibration, the maximum displacement on either s…
Beats
A series of alternate reinforcements and cancellations produc…
19 terms
Conceptual Physical Science Chapter 1
Acceleration
Air resistance
Equilibrium rule
Force
The rate at which velocity changes with time; the change in v…
The force of friction acting on an object due to its motion i…
The vector sum of forces acting on a non accelerating object…
Simply stated, a push or a pull.
Acceleration
The rate at which velocity changes with time; the change in v…
Air resistance
The force of friction acting on an object due to its motion i…
26 terms
Conceptual Physics--Chapter 1: About Science
Scientific Method
Fact
Hypothesis
Law/ Principle
An orderly method for gaining, organizing, and applying new k…
A close agreement by competent observers of a series of obser…
An educated guess, a reasonable explanation of an observation…
A general hypothesis or statement about the relationship of n…
Scientific Method
An orderly method for gaining, organizing, and applying new k…
Fact
A close agreement by competent observers of a series of obser…
9 terms
Conceptual Physical Science Chapter 2
Free fall
Terminal speed
Force pair
Inertia
Motion under the influence of... gravitational pull only
The speed at which the acceleration of a falling object termi…
The action and reaction pair of forces that occur... in an inter…
The property by which objects resist changes in motion
Free fall
Motion under the influence of... gravitational pull only
Terminal speed
The speed at which the acceleration of a falling object termi…
43 terms
conceptual physical science 5th edition
electric force
electric charge
fundamental rule for electricity
protons
fundamental force of nature can attract some objects and repe…
fundamental quantity underlying electric force and all electr…
like charges repel; unlike charges attract
positive electric charge/repel positives, but attracts negati…
electric force
fundamental force of nature can attract some objects and repe…
electric charge
fundamental quantity underlying electric force and all electr…
15 terms
Conceptual Physical Science Chapter 22
concentration
dissolving
heterogeneous mixture
homogeneous mixture
A quantitative measure of the amount of solute in a solution.
The process of mixing a solute in a solvent.
A mixture in which the various components can be seen as indi…
A mixture in which the components are so finely mixed that th…
concentration
A quantitative measure of the amount of solute in a solution.
dissolving
The process of mixing a solute in a solvent.
11 terms
DM Conceptual Physical Science (CPS)
Non-Metals
The metal atoms become cations surroun…
Products
Yields/Form
Covalent bonds occur between
What happens when there are no non-metals available to accept…
New Substances formed after substances undergo a chemical rea…
In a chemical reaction, the arrow means
Non-Metals
Covalent bonds occur between
The metal atoms become cations surroun…
What happens when there are no non-metals available to accept…
10 terms
Conceptual Physics
Motion
Speed
Velocity
Instantaneous Speed
Motion is relative to some frame of reference.
Speed is measure of how fast something is moving.
Velocity is speed in a given direction.
The speed at any instant is the instantaneous speed.
Motion
Motion is relative to some frame of reference.
Speed
Speed is measure of how fast something is moving.
17 terms
conceptual physical science chapter 18
Alloy
Covalent bond
covalent compound
Dipole
A mixture of two or more metals
A chemical bond when an atom shares its electrons with other…
An element or chemical compound in which atoms are held toget…
A separation of charge that occurs in a chemical bond
Alloy
A mixture of two or more metals
Covalent bond
A chemical bond when an atom shares its electrons with other…
19 terms
Conceptual Physical Science Appendix D ;)
Fluids
Density
Density = Mass / Volume
9.8 N/L
What are liquids and gases that have the ability to flow?
What is the measure of compactness for solids, liquids or gas…
What is the equation for density?
What is the weight density of 1 Liter of water?
Fluids
What are liquids and gases that have the ability to flow?
Density
What is the measure of compactness for solids, liquids or gas…
27 terms
Conceptual Physics--Chapter 1: About Science
Scientific Method
Fact
Hypothesis
Law/ Principle
An orderly method for gaining, organizing, and applying new k…
A close agreement by competent observers of a series of obser…
An educated guess, a reasonable explanation of an observation…
A general hypothesis or statement about the relationship of n…
Scientific Method
An orderly method for gaining, organizing, and applying new k…
Fact
A close agreement by competent observers of a series of obser…
14 terms
conceptual physical science chapter 3
Momentum
impulse
relationship
Conservation of momentum
A quantity defined as the product of the mass and velocity of…
the product of the force acting on an object and the time dur…
between impulse and momentum: impulse is equal to the change…
In the absence of an outside force, the total momentum will b…
Momentum
A quantity defined as the product of the mass and velocity of…
impulse
the product of the force acting on an object and the time dur…
12 terms
Conceptual Physics 2D Kinematics
vertical
horizontal
accelerator
constant velocity
Running straight up and down; upright, y axis
Going straight across from side to side, x axis
something that changes the velocity of motion
velocity that is not changing, zero acceleration
vertical
Running straight up and down; upright, y axis
horizontal
Going straight across from side to side, x axis
13 terms
Conceptual Physical Science - Chapter 8
Pressure
Gas
Density Equation
Volume Equation
Amount of force exerted over a unit of area
Don't have a defined volume and takes up whatever space in wh…
m/v
m/d
Pressure
Amount of force exerted over a unit of area
Gas
Don't have a defined volume and takes up whatever space in wh…
21 terms
Conceptual physical science 13 Vocab
Amplitude
Frequency
Doppler effect
Beats
For a wave or vibration, the maximum displacement on either s…
For vibrating body or medium, the number of vibrations per un…
The change in frequency of one wave motion resulting from mot…
A series of alternate reinforcements and cancellations produc…
Amplitude
For a wave or vibration, the maximum displacement on either s…
Frequency
For vibrating body or medium, the number of vibrations per un…
13 terms
Conceptual Physical Science - Chapter 11 - Light
Additive Primary Colors
Complementary Colors
Diffuse Reflection
Dispersion
The three colors - red, green, and blue - that, when mixed in…
Any two colors that, when mixed, produce white light
Reflection in irregular directions from an irregular surface
The separation of light into colors arranged by frequency.
Additive Primary Colors
The three colors - red, green, and blue - that, when mixed in…
Complementary Colors
Any two colors that, when mixed, produce white light
32 terms
Chapter 17 conceptual physical science
Elements
Periodic table
Atomic symbol
Nucleaus
A fundamental material consisting of only one type of atom
A chart in which all known elements are organized by their pr…
An abbreviation for an element or atom
The dense, positively charged center of every atom
Elements
A fundamental material consisting of only one type of atom
Periodic table
A chart in which all known elements are organized by their pr…
14 terms
conceptual physical science chapter 3
Momentum
impulse
relationship
Conservation of momentum
A quantity defined as the product of mass and velocity of an…
the product of the force acting on an object and the time dur…
between impulse and momentum: impulse is equal to the change…
In the absence of an outside force, the total momentum will b…
Momentum
A quantity defined as the product of mass and velocity of an…
impulse
the product of the force acting on an object and the time dur…
41 terms
Conceptual Physic Science: Latin & Greek
Co
Con
Graph
Ment
Together
Together
Writing or picture
Result
Co
Together
Con
Together
17 terms
Conceptual Physics
The most basic of sciences
the metric term for distance
the scientific method
theory
physics
meter
1) question/ purpose/ issue... 2) form a hypothesis... 3) make and…
a large body of similar hypotheses that agree and are well te…
The most basic of sciences
physics
the metric term for distance
meter
15 terms
Electrostatics Conceptual Physics
Electrostatics
Coulomb's Law
conductor
insulator
the branch of physics that deals with static electricity
electric force between charged objects depends on the distanc…
a device that allows electrons (electricity) to flow through…
a substance that does not allow electricity to flow through it.
Electrostatics
the branch of physics that deals with static electricity
Coulomb's Law
electric force between charged objects depends on the distanc…
15 terms
Conceptual Physics Electricity
capacitance
capacitor
resistor
current
how a capacitor is rated
a device which stores charge
a device which slows down the flow of electrons
the rate of flow of electrons
capacitance
how a capacitor is rated
capacitor
a device which stores charge
40 terms
Conceptual Physics--Chapter 1: About Science
Scientific Method
Fact
Hypothesis
Law/ Principle
An orderly method for gaining, organizing, and applying new k…
A close agreement by competent observers of a series of obser…
An educated guess, a reasonable explanation of an observation…
A general hypothesis or statement about the relationship of n…
Scientific Method
An orderly method for gaining, organizing, and applying new k…
Fact
A close agreement by competent observers of a series of obser…
9 terms
Conceptual Physical Science [Chapter 4]
ellipse
escape speed
inverse-square law
law of universal gravitation
The oval path followed by a satellite. The sum of the distanc…
The speed that a projectile, space probe, or similar object m…
The intensity of an effect from a localized source spreads un…
Every object in the universe attracts every other object
ellipse
The oval path followed by a satellite. The sum of the distanc…
escape speed
The speed that a projectile, space probe, or similar object m…
5 terms
Conceptual Physics Chapter 1: About Science
Scientific Method
Fact
Hypothesis
Law/ Principle
An orderly method for gaining, organizing, and applying new k…
A close agreement by competent observers of a series of obser…
An educated guess, a reasonable explanation of an observation…
A general hypothesis or statement about the relationship of n…
Scientific Method
An orderly method for gaining, organizing, and applying new k…
Fact
A close agreement by competent observers of a series of obser…
17 terms
Conceptual Physics
The rate at which distance is covered…
The rate at which velocity changes wit…
The length of a vector represents its
The amount of matter in an object is n…
speed
acceleration
Magnitude
weight
The rate at which distance is covered…
speed
The rate at which velocity changes wit…
acceleration
74 terms
Physical Science Conceptual ideas/ formulas
How many seconds are there in a year?
A temperature of 225 K is the same as
Impulse is equal to
Which is following is not a vector?
31,560,000
-48C
change in momentum
mass
How many seconds are there in a year?
31,560,000
A temperature of 225 K is the same as
-48C
24 terms
chapter 21 conceptual physical science
A change in which a substance changes…
The melting of gold is a physical chan…
Michaela has grown an inch in height o…
Hydrogen sulfide, H2S is one of the sm…
Physical chains
During a physical change, a substance changes only one or mor…
Chemical change
No, you cannot. The odor of elemental sulfur is negligible co…
A change in which a substance changes…
Physical chains
The melting of gold is a physical chan…
During a physical change, a substance changes only one or mor…
111 terms
conceptual physics
The building blocks of matter
Every simple, complex, living, or nonl…
Which element is the most abundant ele…
Which element is the lightest element…
atoms (proton,neutron and electrons)
100 elements
hydrogen
hydrogen
The building blocks of matter
atoms (proton,neutron and electrons)
Every simple, complex, living, or nonl…
100 elements
204 terms
Physical Conceptual Science Final 101
The filling of hot apple pie is hotter…
when work is done on a system and no h…
Heat is thermal energy that flows from
A metal ring with a gap shaped like th…
water in the filling
increases
high energy to low energy
narrower
The filling of hot apple pie is hotter…
water in the filling
when work is done on a system and no h…
increases
92 terms
Conceptual Physical Science Final Exam
Galileo's demonstration at the Leaning…
The synthesis of a large collection of…
A kilogram is a measure of an object's -
Nellie runs the length of a 100-yard f…
Refuted Aristotle's teachings
Theory
Mass
5 yards
Galileo's demonstration at the Leaning…
Refuted Aristotle's teachings
The synthesis of a large collection of…
Theory
27 terms
Conceptual Physics--Chapter 1: About Science
Scientific Method
Fact
Hypothesis
Law/ Principle
An orderly method for gaining, organizing, and applying new k…
A close agreement by competent observers of a series of obser…
An educated guess, a reasonable explanation of an observation…
A general hypothesis or statement about the relationship of n…
Scientific Method
An orderly method for gaining, organizing, and applying new k…
Fact
A close agreement by competent observers of a series of obser…
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