#### Study sets matching "final exam science conceptual physics"

#### Study sets matching "final exam science conceptual physics"

Scientific method

Controlled experiment

Control

Variable

Orderly method for gaining, organizing and applying new knowl…

usually has a control group that is kept under normal conditi…

group that is kept under normal conditions, used as a compari…

conditions that can be changed

Scientific method

Orderly method for gaining, organizing and applying new knowl…

Controlled experiment

usually has a control group that is kept under normal conditi…

... True

...True

... True

...False

In science, an educated guess about the answer is called a hy…

The synthesis of a large body of information that encompasses…

When scientific findings are expressed mathematically, they a…

A scientific fact is something that is absolute and unchanging.

... True

In science, an educated guess about the answer is called a hy…

...True

The synthesis of a large body of information that encompasses…

ellipse

escape speed

inverse-square law

law of universal gravitation

The oval path followed by a satellite. The sum of the distanc…

The speed that a projectile, space probe, or similar object m…

The intensity of an effect from a localized source spreads un…

Every object in the universe attracts every other object

ellipse

The oval path followed by a satellite. The sum of the distanc…

escape speed

The speed that a projectile, space probe, or similar object m…

Absolute zero

Entropy

First Law of Thermodynamics

Heat

The temperature at which no further energy can be taken from…

The measure of energy dispersal of a system. Whenever energy…

A restatement of the law of energy conservation, usually as i…

The thermal energy that flows from a substance of higher temp…

Absolute zero

The temperature at which no further energy can be taken from…

Entropy

The measure of energy dispersal of a system. Whenever energy…

Momentum

Impulse

Relationship between Impulse and Momen…

Conservation of momentum

A quantity defined as the product of the mass and velocity of…

the product of the force acting on an object and the time dur…

between impulse and momentum: impulse is equal to the change…

In the absence of an outside force, the total momentum will b…

Momentum

A quantity defined as the product of the mass and velocity of…

Impulse

the product of the force acting on an object and the time dur…

If you push an object twice as far whi…

The net force on any object moving at…

Exert 1 N for a distance of 1 m in 1 s…

Padded dashboards in cars are safer in…

twice as much work

zero

1 Watt

increased time of impact and decreased impact force

If you push an object twice as far whi…

twice as much work

The net force on any object moving at…

zero

If you push an object twice as far whi…

The net force on any object moving at…

Exert 1 N for a distance of 1 m in 1 s…

Padded dashboards in cars are safer in…

twice as much work

zero

1 Watt

increased time of impact and decreased impact force

If you push an object twice as far whi…

twice as much work

The net force on any object moving at…

zero

a wave in which the particles of the m…

A wave in which the vibration is in th…

total energy of all atoms and molecule…

The coldest temperature, 0 Kelvin, tha…

transverse wave

longitudinal wave

thermal energy

absolute zero

a wave in which the particles of the m…

transverse wave

A wave in which the vibration is in th…

longitudinal wave

Concentration

Dissolving

Heterogenous mixture

Homogeneous mixture

A quantitative measure of the amount of solute in a solution.

The process of mixing a solute in a solvent.

A mixture in which the various components can be seen as ... in…

A mixture in which the components are so finely mixed that th…

Concentration

A quantitative measure of the amount of solute in a solution.

Dissolving

The process of mixing a solute in a solvent.

Scientific Method

Fact

Hypothesis

Law/ Principle

An orderly method for gaining, organizing, and applying new k…

A close agreement by competent observers of a series of obser…

An educated guess, a reasonable explanation of an observation…

A general hypothesis or statement about the relationship of n…

Scientific Method

An orderly method for gaining, organizing, and applying new k…

Fact

A close agreement by competent observers of a series of obser…

A stone is thrown horizontally from th…

The flight of a blimp best illustrates

A length of wire has resistance R. The…

The electric current in a copper wire…

5m

Archimedes Principle

2R

electrons

A stone is thrown horizontally from th…

5m

The flight of a blimp best illustrates

Archimedes Principle

Projectile

Parabola

Ellipse

Escape Speed

Any object that moves through the air or through space under…

The curved path of a projectile as a result of constant motio…

The oval path followed by a satellite. The sum of the distanc…

The speed that a projectile, space probe, or similar object m…

Projectile

Any object that moves through the air or through space under…

Parabola

The curved path of a projectile as a result of constant motio…

Fact

Hypothesis

Law

Principle

A close agreement by competent observers of a series of obser…

An educated guess; a reasonable explanation of an observation…

A general hypothesis or statement about the relationship of n…

A general hypothesis or statement about the relationship of n…

Fact

A close agreement by competent observers of a series of obser…

Hypothesis

An educated guess; a reasonable explanation of an observation…

Covalent Bond

Covalent Compound

Dipole

Electron-Dot Structures

A chemical bond in which the atoms are held together by their…

An element or chemical compound in which atoms are held toget…

A separation of electric charge that occurs in a chemical bon…

A shorthand notation of the shell model of the atom in which…

Covalent Bond

A chemical bond in which the atoms are held together by their…

Covalent Compound

An element or chemical compound in which atoms are held toget…

Motion

Distance

Displacement

Speed

Action or process of moving or being moved.

An amount of spaces between two things or people.

The moving of something from its place or position.

The rate of a someone or something is able to move or operate.

Motion

Action or process of moving or being moved.

Distance

An amount of spaces between two things or people.

Momentum

Momentum Equation

Impulse

Impulse-Momentum Relationship

- "Inertia in motion". ... - Momentum is a vector quantity since…

- The product of the mass of an object and its velocity. ... Mo…

- The product of the force acting on an object and the time d…

- Impulse is equal to the change in the momentum of the objec…

Momentum

- "Inertia in motion". ... - Momentum is a vector quantity since…

Momentum Equation

- The product of the mass of an object and its velocity. ... Mo…

Interaction

Force

Newton's Third Law

Action and Reaction on Objects of Diff…

Mutual action between objects where each object exerts an equ…

Any influence that can cause an object to be accelerated. Mea…

Whenever one object exerts a force on a second object (action…

A given force exerted on a small mass produces a large accele…

Interaction

Mutual action between objects where each object exerts an equ…

Force

Any influence that can cause an object to be accelerated. Mea…

Tangential Velocity

Law of Universal Gravitation

Law of Universal Gravitation Equation

Universal Gravitational Constant

Velocity that is parallel (tangent) to a curved surface. ... P.…

Every body in the universe attracts every other body with a m…

P. 107

G = 0.0000000000667 N... Expressed in Newtons (N).... P. 107

Tangential Velocity

Velocity that is parallel (tangent) to a curved surface. ... P.…

Law of Universal Gravitation

Every body in the universe attracts every other body with a m…

Motion

Speed

Velocity

Instantaneous Speed

Motion is relative to some frame of reference.

Speed is measure of how fast something is moving.

Velocity is speed in a given direction.

The speed at any instant is the instantaneous speed.

Motion

Motion is relative to some frame of reference.

Speed

Speed is measure of how fast something is moving.

Amplitude

Beats

Bow Wave

Doppler Effect

For a wave or vibration, the maximum displacement on either s…

A series of alternate reinforcements and cancellations produc…

The V-shaped wave produced by an object moving across a liqui…

The change in frequency of wave motion resulting from motion…

Amplitude

For a wave or vibration, the maximum displacement on either s…

Beats

A series of alternate reinforcements and cancellations produc…

Acceleration

Air resistance

Equilibrium rule

Force

The rate at which velocity changes with time; the change in v…

The force of friction acting on an object due to its motion i…

The vector sum of forces acting on a non accelerating object…

Simply stated, a push or a pull.

Acceleration

The rate at which velocity changes with time; the change in v…

Air resistance

The force of friction acting on an object due to its motion i…

concentration

dissolving

heterogeneous mixture

homogeneous mixture

A quantitative measure of the amount of solute in a solution.

The process of mixing a solute in a solvent.

A mixture in which the various components can be seen as indi…

A mixture in which the components are so finely mixed that th…

concentration

A quantitative measure of the amount of solute in a solution.

dissolving

The process of mixing a solute in a solvent.

Scientific Method

Fact

Hypothesis

Law/ Principle

An orderly method for gaining, organizing, and applying new k…

A close agreement by competent observers of a series of obser…

An educated guess, a reasonable explanation of an observation…

A general hypothesis or statement about the relationship of n…

Scientific Method

An orderly method for gaining, organizing, and applying new k…

Fact

A close agreement by competent observers of a series of obser…

Free fall

Terminal speed

Force pair

Inertia

Motion under the influence of... gravitational pull only

The speed at which the acceleration of a falling object termi…

The action and reaction pair of forces that occur... in an inter…

The property by which objects resist changes in motion

Free fall

Motion under the influence of... gravitational pull only

Terminal speed

The speed at which the acceleration of a falling object termi…

Momentum

impulse

relationship

Conservation of momentum

A quantity defined as the product of the mass and velocity of…

the product of the force acting on an object and the time dur…

between impulse and momentum: impulse is equal to the change…

In the absence of an outside force, the total momentum will b…

Momentum

A quantity defined as the product of the mass and velocity of…

impulse

the product of the force acting on an object and the time dur…

Newton's third law of motion

Vector quantity

Scalar quantity

Vector

Whenever one object exerts a force on a second object, the se…

A quantity that has both magnitude and direction. Examples ar…

A quantity that has magnitude but not direction. Examples are…

An arrow drawn to scale used to represent a vector quantity.

Newton's third law of motion

Whenever one object exerts a force on a second object, the se…

Vector quantity

A quantity that has both magnitude and direction. Examples ar…

Pressure

Gas

Density Equation

Volume Equation

Amount of force exerted over a unit of area

Don't have a defined volume and takes up whatever space in wh…

m/v

m/d

Pressure

Amount of force exerted over a unit of area

Gas

Don't have a defined volume and takes up whatever space in wh…

Projectile

Parabola

Satellite

Ellipse

Any object that moves through the air or through space under…

The curved path followed by a projectile near the earth under…

A projectile or small body that orbits a larger body

The oval path followed by a satellite

Projectile

Any object that moves through the air or through space under…

Parabola

The curved path followed by a projectile near the earth under…

electric force

electric charge

fundamental rule for electricity

protons

fundamental force of nature can attract some objects and repe…

fundamental quantity underlying electric force and all electr…

like charges repel; unlike charges attract

positive electric charge/repel positives, but attracts negati…

electric force

fundamental force of nature can attract some objects and repe…

electric charge

fundamental quantity underlying electric force and all electr…

Amplitude

Frequency

Doppler effect

Beats

For a wave or vibration, the maximum displacement on either s…

For vibrating body or medium, the number of vibrations per un…

The change in frequency of one wave motion resulting from mot…

A series of alternate reinforcements and cancellations produc…

Amplitude

For a wave or vibration, the maximum displacement on either s…

Frequency

For vibrating body or medium, the number of vibrations per un…

Additive Primary Colors

Complementary Colors

Diffuse Reflection

Dispersion

The three colors - red, green, and blue - that, when mixed in…

Any two colors that, when mixed, produce white light

Reflection in irregular directions from an irregular surface

The separation of light into colors arranged by frequency.

Additive Primary Colors

The three colors - red, green, and blue - that, when mixed in…

Complementary Colors

Any two colors that, when mixed, produce white light

Alloy

Covalent bond

covalent compound

Dipole

A mixture of two or more metals

A chemical bond when an atom shares its electrons with other…

An element or chemical compound in which atoms are held toget…

A separation of charge that occurs in a chemical bond

Alloy

A mixture of two or more metals

Covalent bond

A chemical bond when an atom shares its electrons with other…

The most basic of sciences

the metric term for distance

the scientific method

theory

physics

meter

1) question/ purpose/ issue... 2) form a hypothesis... 3) make and…

a large body of similar hypotheses that agree and are well te…

The most basic of sciences

physics

the metric term for distance

meter

Non-Metals

The metal atoms become cations surroun…

Products

Yields/Form

Covalent bonds occur between

What happens when there are no non-metals available to accept…

New Substances formed after substances undergo a chemical rea…

In a chemical reaction, the arrow means

Non-Metals

Covalent bonds occur between

The metal atoms become cations surroun…

What happens when there are no non-metals available to accept…

The Scientific Method

Fact

Law

Theory

Observe, Question, Predict, Test Predictions, and Draw a Conc…

A phenomenon about which competent observers have and a serie…

A general hypothesis or statement about the reltaionship of n…

A synthesis of a large body of information tat econpmpasses w…

The Scientific Method

Observe, Question, Predict, Test Predictions, and Draw a Conc…

Fact

A phenomenon about which competent observers have and a serie…

Fluids

Density

Density = Mass / Volume

9.8 N/L

What are liquids and gases that have the ability to flow?

What is the measure of compactness for solids, liquids or gas…

What is the equation for density?

What is the weight density of 1 Liter of water?

Fluids

What are liquids and gases that have the ability to flow?

Density

What is the measure of compactness for solids, liquids or gas…

Momentum

impulse

relationship

Conservation of momentum

A quantity defined as the product of mass and velocity of an…

the product of the force acting on an object and the time dur…

between impulse and momentum: impulse is equal to the change…

In the absence of an outside force, the total momentum will b…

Momentum

A quantity defined as the product of mass and velocity of an…

impulse

the product of the force acting on an object and the time dur…

vertical

horizontal

accelerator

constant velocity

Running straight up and down; upright, y axis

Going straight across from side to side, x axis

something that changes the velocity of motion

velocity that is not changing, zero acceleration

vertical

Running straight up and down; upright, y axis

horizontal

Going straight across from side to side, x axis

Scientific Method

Fact

Hypothesis

Law/ Principle

An orderly method for gaining, organizing, and applying new k…

A close agreement by competent observers of a series of obser…

An educated guess; a reasonable explanation of an observation…

A general hypothesis or statement about the relationship of n…

Scientific Method

An orderly method for gaining, organizing, and applying new k…

Fact

A close agreement by competent observers of a series of obser…

Scientific Method

Fact

Hypothesis

Law/ Principle

An orderly method for gaining, organizing, and applying new k…

A close agreement by competent observers of a series of obser…

An educated guess, a reasonable explanation of an observation…

A general hypothesis or statement about the relationship of n…

Scientific Method

An orderly method for gaining, organizing, and applying new k…

Fact

A close agreement by competent observers of a series of obser…

The building blocks of matter

Every simple, complex, living, or nonl…

Which element is the most abundant ele…

Which element is the lightest element…

atoms (proton,neutron and electrons)

100 elements

hydrogen

hydrogen

The building blocks of matter

atoms (proton,neutron and electrons)

Every simple, complex, living, or nonl…

100 elements

Scientific Method

Fact

Hypothesis

Law/ Principle

An orderly method for gaining, organizing, and applying new k…

A close agreement by competent observers of a series of obser…

An educated guess, a reasonable explanation of an observation…

A general hypothesis or statement about the relationship of n…

Scientific Method

An orderly method for gaining, organizing, and applying new k…

Fact

A close agreement by competent observers of a series of obser…

The newton is a unit of a. force b. ma…

If an object's mass is decreasing whil…

Two billiard balls having the same mas…

An object is propelled along a straigh…

a. force

c. increases.

a. 0

c. twice as much.

The newton is a unit of a. force b. ma…

a. force

If an object's mass is decreasing whil…

c. increases.

Scientific Method

Fact

Hypothesis

Law/ Principle

An orderly method for gaining, organizing, and applying new k…

A close agreement by competent observers of a series of obser…

An educated guess, a reasonable explanation of an observation…

A general hypothesis or statement about the relationship of n…

Scientific Method

An orderly method for gaining, organizing, and applying new k…

Fact

A close agreement by competent observers of a series of obser…

Scientific Method

Fact

Hypothesis

Law/ Principle

An orderly method for gaining, organizing, and applying new k…

A close agreement by competent observers of a series of obser…

An educated guess, a reasonable explanation of an observation…

A general hypothesis or statement about the relationship of n…

Scientific Method

An orderly method for gaining, organizing, and applying new k…

Fact

A close agreement by competent observers of a series of obser…

Atomic Spectrum

Conceptual Model

Physical Model

Principal Quantum Number

The pattern of frequencies of electromagnetic radiation emitt…

A representation of a system that helps us predict how the sy…

A representation of an object on a different scale.

An integer that specifies the quantities energy level of an a…

Atomic Spectrum

The pattern of frequencies of electromagnetic radiation emitt…

Conceptual Model

A representation of a system that helps us predict how the sy…

friction

Newton's 3rd Law

units for acceleration

weight

force that acts in opposite direction to motion

For every action there is an equal and opposing reaction

m/s^2

the amount of gravity pulling your mass down... =force of gravit…

friction

force that acts in opposite direction to motion

Newton's 3rd Law

For every action there is an equal and opposing reaction

Scientific Method

Fact

Hypothesis

Law/ Principle

An orderly method for gaining, organizing, and applying new k…

A close agreement by competent observers of a series of obser…

An educated guess, a reasonable explanation of an observation…

A general hypothesis or statement about the relationship of n…

Scientific Method

An orderly method for gaining, organizing, and applying new k…

Fact

A close agreement by competent observers of a series of obser…