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Study sets matching "final exam science plant soil"

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Study sets matching "final exam science plant soil"

80 terms
Plant & Soil Science Final
Plant
Taxonomy
Kingdom
Species
A living organism that has the capacity to make its own food…
The classification of living things
The first stage of classification
The most specific stage in the taxonomic hierarchy for an org…
Plant
A living organism that has the capacity to make its own food…
Taxonomy
The classification of living things
23 terms
Introduction to Plant/Soil Science
Protons
Neutrons
Electrons
Atomic number
has plus charge
has no charge
has a negative charge
number of protons in an atom
Protons
has plus charge
Neutrons
has no charge
18 terms
Plant and Soil Science ~ Soil and Water
Soil textures
Soil particle size affects two importa…
What is the internal surface area?
Aquifer
It is the proportion of three sizes of soil particles- sand,…
-There internal surface area - There numbers and size of the…
...
a sand, gravel, and rock formation capable of storing or conv…
Soil textures
It is the proportion of three sizes of soil particles- sand,…
Soil particle size affects two importa…
-There internal surface area - There numbers and size of the…
45 terms
Plant and Soil Science #3
According to Vavilov and generally con…
One o the first traits to be selected…
Alleles are genes that affect the same…
The Calvin Cycle occurs in _______ and…
United States-Canada
Non-Shattering seed pods
On the same position on homologous chromosomes
Chloroplast; Reduction of C02 into glucose
According to Vavilov and generally con…
United States-Canada
One o the first traits to be selected…
Non-Shattering seed pods
21 terms
Plant Soil Science Annuals
Ageratum
Alyssum
Bacopa
Begonia (wax)
Ageratum
Alyssum
6 terms
Exploring Careers in Plant and Soil Science
Entrepreneur
Entrepreneurship
Forestry
Product marketing
The person who owns and operates a business.
Area of plant science concerned with owning and operating a b…
Area of plant science concerned with the production of trees…
Area of plant science that includes all of the activities in…
Entrepreneur
The person who owns and operates a business.
Entrepreneurship
Area of plant science concerned with owning and operating a b…
102 terms
Plant Soil Science
When and where were plants first domes…
What were first domestic crops?
When and where was irrigation introduc…
what benefit did the Andean Terraces h…
Fertile crescent in 8000 Bc
wild barley, emmer, and Einkorn wheat
fertile crescent 5000 BC
improved water absorption, kept plants warmer, less erosion c…
When and where were plants first domes…
Fertile crescent in 8000 Bc
What were first domestic crops?
wild barley, emmer, and Einkorn wheat
Soil- Plant Science 10
Soil
Dirt
Functions of Soil
Ideal Soil Components
The mineral and/or organic material on the immediate surface…
Out of place soil that is unable to perform its function
Growing medium... Provide minerals, oxygen, water, nutrients.... In…
25% air, 25% water, 45% Minerals, 5% Organic Matter
Soil
The mineral and/or organic material on the immediate surface…
Dirt
Out of place soil that is unable to perform its function
114 terms
Plant and Soil Science Final Exam
Food Security
Oklahoma State Soil?
What soil order is in Oklahoma?
Soil consists of?
Exists when all people at all times have access to sufficient…
Port Silt Loam
Mollisol
-mineral matter... -organic matter ... -water... -air
Food Security
Exists when all people at all times have access to sufficient…
Oklahoma State Soil?
Port Silt Loam
31 terms
Recognizing the Importance of Plant and Soil Science
Agronomy
Cereal grain
Fibers
Fiber crops
Specialized area of plant science that deals with field crops…
The seed of grass-type plants grown for food and animal feed.
tiny threadlike structures used in manufacturing cloth, paper…
Plants grown for the fiber produced in their fruit, leaves, o…
Agronomy
Specialized area of plant science that deals with field crops…
Cereal grain
The seed of grass-type plants grown for food and animal feed.
20 terms
Intro to Plant and Soil Science
Ager ... (Latin)
Cultura
Agriculture is...
The cultivation of:
land or field
cultivation
the cultivation of land
Plants... Animals... Fungi... Bacteria... Virus
Ager ... (Latin)
land or field
Cultura
cultivation
36 terms
Soil Nutrients-2015 Plant Science
Sulfur
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
What it does for the plant:... -important for formation of prote…
macronutrient or an element that helps with plant growth and…
needed for chlorophyll synthesis which gives leaves their gre…
deficiency causes leaves to turn yellow because of a lack of…
Sulfur
What it does for the plant:... -important for formation of prote…
Nitrogen
macronutrient or an element that helps with plant growth and…
188 terms
plant soil science test #3
cropping systems and agroecology
natural ecosystem
natural ecosystem characteristics
agroecosystem
...
biological community interacting with the environment
high diversity, equilibrium, nutrient cycling
a community of selected plants or animals interacting with an…
cropping systems and agroecology
...
natural ecosystem
biological community interacting with the environment
19 terms
Science soil/plants notes
Phloem
Roots
6 Steps of pollination
Style
a vascular tissue that transports food molecules to all parts…
transports the water in the soil to the plant's stem
1. pollen is transformed form the anther to the stigma 2.once…
the long, slender part of the pistil, it is where pollination…
Phloem
a vascular tissue that transports food molecules to all parts…
Roots
transports the water in the soil to the plant's stem
10 terms
Plant and Soil Science
Cortex
Cotyledon
Cross Resistance
Crossing
The tissue in roots and stems lying between the epidermis and…
first leaf or first pair of leaves produced by the embryo of…
The development of resistance of an european corn borer to a…
The deliberate mating of two parental types of organisms in g…
Cortex
The tissue in roots and stems lying between the epidermis and…
Cotyledon
first leaf or first pair of leaves produced by the embryo of…
10 terms
Plant and Soil Science
Ammonia
Ammonia Volatilization
Bt Protein
Callus
One of the mineral forms of nitrogen
The process by which ammonia is lost to the environment
These proteins occur naturally and are toxic to the european…
A mass of undifferentiated cells used in tissue culture
Ammonia
One of the mineral forms of nitrogen
Ammonia Volatilization
The process by which ammonia is lost to the environment
34 terms
plant and soil science
taxonomy
kingdoms
prokaryote
protista
the branch of biology that deals eith identifying and naming…
major categories in biological taxonomy that rank above phylu…
single called bacteria and blue green algae
single called or simple multi-celled organisms that are usual…
taxonomy
the branch of biology that deals eith identifying and naming…
kingdoms
major categories in biological taxonomy that rank above phylu…
14 terms
Plants & Soil Science Review
clay
soil
sand
seed
a part of soil that has large grains with large spaces betwee…
the loose material in which plants grow
a type of soil made up of small grains
the first stage in the growth of a plant
clay
a part of soil that has large grains with large spaces betwee…
soil
the loose material in which plants grow
15 terms
Plant Growth and Soil Science
tropisms
phototropism
gravitropism
thigmotropism
response of plants to their environment
response of plants to light
response of plants to gravity causing limbs to grow up and ro…
response of plants to solid objects in their environment such…
tropisms
response of plants to their environment
phototropism
response of plants to light
14 terms
Animal plant and soil science
Aggregates
Sand
Silt
Clay
a material or structure formed from a loosely compacted mass…
Is the largest size
The medium sized
Is the smallest
Aggregates
a material or structure formed from a loosely compacted mass…
Sand
Is the largest size
10 terms
PLANT AND SOIL SCIENCE #7
GENE
PROTEIN
ALLELE
DOMINANT GENE
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
An organic compound that is made of one or more chains of ami…
Different forms of a gene
A gene that is expressed in the offspring whenever it is pres…
GENE
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
PROTEIN
An organic compound that is made of one or more chains of ami…
10 terms
PLANT AND SOIL SCIENCE #3
STEMS
POLLINATORS
XYLEM
PHLOEM
Carry substances between roots and leaves; provide support fo…
an organism that moves pollen from one plant to another
Nonliving vascular tissue that carries water and dissolved mi…
Living vascular tissue that carries sugar and organic substan…
STEMS
Carry substances between roots and leaves; provide support fo…
POLLINATORS
an organism that moves pollen from one plant to another
12 terms
Plant and Soil Science #12
Aeration Soil
Aggregate Soil
Alkali soil
Water Capacity
Air is forced through the water to release unwanted gases, wh…
A collective mass, the sum total of soils
Soil containing excessive amounts of alkaline salts, usually…
The amount of water that can be held.
Aeration Soil
Air is forced through the water to release unwanted gases, wh…
Aggregate Soil
A collective mass, the sum total of soils
10 terms
PLANT AND SOIL SCIENCE #32
MACRONUTRIENT
MICRONUTRIENT
SLOW RELEASE FERTILIZER
COMPLETE FERTILIZER
A chemical substance that an organism must obtain in relative…
Vitamins, minerals, water
Fertilizer that will be used in small amounts over time in th…
A fertilizer that contains nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium…
MACRONUTRIENT
A chemical substance that an organism must obtain in relative…
MICRONUTRIENT
Vitamins, minerals, water
10 terms
Plant and soil science #10
Herbicide Family
Herbicide Resistance
Heterozygous
Homozygous
A group of herbicides that have similar chemical characterist…
Plants that contain resistance for herbicides, farmer can spr…
An organism that has two different alleles for a trait
An organism that has two identical alleles for a trait
Herbicide Family
A group of herbicides that have similar chemical characterist…
Herbicide Resistance
Plants that contain resistance for herbicides, farmer can spr…
11 terms
Plant and Soil Science #5
Nitrogen Fixation
Nitrous Oxide
Nodes
Nucleotide
Process of converting nitrogen gas into ammonia
One of the gaseous form of mineral nitrogen, N2O
A joint on stem where shoots, leaves and flowers arise.
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
Nitrogen Fixation
Process of converting nitrogen gas into ammonia
Nitrous Oxide
One of the gaseous form of mineral nitrogen, N2O
10 terms
Plant and Soil Science #4
Cell Membrane Disruptors
Cell Wall
Cellulose
Channels
Herbicides that kill by destroying cell integrity
A thin structure surrounding plant cells. Regulate cell volume
Polysaccharide of glucose that makes cell wall
Transport protein through pores which allow molecules to diff…
Cell Membrane Disruptors
Herbicides that kill by destroying cell integrity
Cell Wall
A thin structure surrounding plant cells. Regulate cell volume
10 terms
Plant and Soil Science #31
Theory
Natural Selection
Fossils
Analogous Structures
A hypothesis that has been tested with a significant amount o…
A natural process resulting in the evolution of organisms bes…
Preserved remains of once-living organisms
Similar in function but not structure
Theory
A hypothesis that has been tested with a significant amount o…
Natural Selection
A natural process resulting in the evolution of organisms bes…
10 terms
Plant and Soil Science #24
Ammonium
Amplification
Anabolic
Anaerobic
One of the mineral forms of nitrogen.
The increase in the number of copies of a specific DNA fragment
Synthetic processes resulting in the production of complex pr…
Organisms do not require molecular oxygen
Ammonium
One of the mineral forms of nitrogen.
Amplification
The increase in the number of copies of a specific DNA fragment
10 terms
Plant and Soil Science #27
Guard Cells
Ovary
Xylem
Phloem
The two cells that flank the stomatal pore and regulate the o…
A flower structure that encloses and protects ovules and seed…
Nonliving vascular tissue that carries water and dissolved mi…
Living vascular tissue that carries sugar and organic substan…
Guard Cells
The two cells that flank the stomatal pore and regulate the o…
Ovary
A flower structure that encloses and protects ovules and seed…
21 terms
Plant and soil science
Cuticle
Indirect
Gymnosperms
Fibours roots
Water loss by the waxy coating on the leaf call the
And example of a _______ plant source is apples which human e…
In Greek _________ means naked seed
_________ have many small roots
Cuticle
Water loss by the waxy coating on the leaf call the
Indirect
And example of a _______ plant source is apples which human e…
22 terms
plant science,soil and fertilizers.
topsoil
subsoil
parent material
sphagnum moss
top layer of soil
the layer of soil underneath topsoil
"underlying geological material (generally bedrock or a super…
Sphagnum is a genus of approximately 120 species of mosses, c…
topsoil
top layer of soil
subsoil
the layer of soil underneath topsoil
200 terms
Plant and soil science plant vocabulary
Gymnosperm
Angiosperms
life cycle
annuals
produce seeds that lay "naked" on the scales of cones
have seeds that develop within a fruit
the time from when a plant begins growth until the time it dies
plants that complete their life cycle within one year
Gymnosperm
produce seeds that lay "naked" on the scales of cones
Angiosperms
have seeds that develop within a fruit
22 terms
Plant and soil science
Photosynthesis
Chlorophyll
Stroma
Thylakoids
Convert solar energy into a stored chemical energy
Green pigments
Fluid filled region within the chloroplast
Flat, disk like sacs
Photosynthesis
Convert solar energy into a stored chemical energy
Chlorophyll
Green pigments
10 terms
Plant and Soil Science
Inorganic fertilizer
Insoluble fertilizer
Macronutrient
Micronutrient
A fertilizer that consists of mined or synthetically manufact…
Not able to completely dissolve in water
A chemical substance that an organism must obtain in relative…
An element that an organism needs in very small amounts and t…
Inorganic fertilizer
A fertilizer that consists of mined or synthetically manufact…
Insoluble fertilizer
Not able to completely dissolve in water
12 terms
Plant and soil science
amount of sand, silt, and clay in the…
water it holds, particle size, how it…
silt, clay, sand
sand, silt, clay
What is soil texture?
What are the factors that effect soil texture?
What are the three soil particles
List the three soil particles from largest to smallest
amount of sand, silt, and clay in the…
What is soil texture?
water it holds, particle size, how it…
What are the factors that effect soil texture?
10 terms
Plant and Soil Science
Platy Soil Structure
Cultivation
Soil Triangle
Soil Texture
Grouped into flat, plate like pads that overlap each other in…
The preparation of land to grow and yield crops.
a graphic explanation of the proportions of sand, silt, and c…
refers to the size of individual soil particles and is determ…
Platy Soil Structure
Grouped into flat, plate like pads that overlap each other in…
Cultivation
The preparation of land to grow and yield crops.
17 terms
Plant And Soil Science
agronomy
floriculture
forage
olericulture
a specialized area of plant science that deals with field crops
the production and use of plants for their flowers and foliage
the leaves and stems of a plant used for animal feed
the science of producing vegetable crops
agronomy
a specialized area of plant science that deals with field crops
floriculture
the production and use of plants for their flowers and foliage
18 terms
PLant Science Soil and Fertility
Performed by a professional laboratory…
Fertilizers originating from plant and…
The recycling of essential nutrients u…
Fertilizer application type that place…
Soil Test
Organic Matter
Nutrient Cycle
Side-Dressing
Performed by a professional laboratory…
Soil Test
Fertilizers originating from plant and…
Organic Matter
30 terms
Plant & Soil Science 1
Annual
Annual, Winter
Auricle
Awn
Plant that completes its life cycle from seed in one (year) s…
Plant species that initiates growth in the fall, lives overwi…
Earlike lobe at the base of leaf blades of certain grass spec…
Bristle-like growth extending from the lens of a floret
Annual
Plant that completes its life cycle from seed in one (year) s…
Annual, Winter
Plant species that initiates growth in the fall, lives overwi…
30 terms
Plant and Soil Science
Soil texture
Sand
Silt
Clay
The finess or coarsness of a soil
Largest mineral particle
Medium mineral particle
Smallest mineral particle
Soil texture
The finess or coarsness of a soil
Sand
Largest mineral particle
10 terms
Plant and soil science
Contemporary floral design
Cornucopia
Garland
Hogarth Curve
A generic term for a floral design that is up to date or curr…
horn (or horn-shaped container) overflowing with fruit and gr…
a wreath or chain of leaves and flowers
An elegant, elongated s-shapped curve, known as the "LIne of…
Contemporary floral design
A generic term for a floral design that is up to date or curr…
Cornucopia
horn (or horn-shaped container) overflowing with fruit and gr…
45 terms
Plant and Soil Science Exam #2
Photosynthesis occurs in _______, whil…
Phytochrome :
A triglyceride molecule is comprised o…
Which of the following is not a plant…
Chloroplast, Mitochondria
Is sensitive to Red and far red wavelengths, Mediating photop…
3 fatty acids and glycerol
Carotenoid
Photosynthesis occurs in _______, whil…
Chloroplast, Mitochondria
Phytochrome :
Is sensitive to Red and far red wavelengths, Mediating photop…
322 terms
Plant and Soil Science Final
Annual
Biennial
Perennial
Cool season
Completes life cycle in one season(year)
Requires two seasons (years) to complete life cycle
Repeat life-cycle indefinitely regenerating from vegetative p…
Optimum growth at 60-75 degrees
Annual
Completes life cycle in one season(year)
Biennial
Requires two seasons (years) to complete life cycle
10 terms
Plant and Soil Science
Expense
Enterprise
Finances
Income
money spent on goods and services
A business organization in such areas as shipping, mining, ra…
the money that a person, company, or nation has, and how it i…
Earnings from work or investment
Expense
money spent on goods and services
Enterprise
A business organization in such areas as shipping, mining, ra…
10 terms
Plant and Soil Science
Autotroph
Backcross
Base
Base Pair
An organism that makes its own food
Breeding method used to move one or more desirable genes from…
A chemical compound that accepts a proton; ph of 7-14
A pair of nucleotide bases in the dna double structure
Autotroph
An organism that makes its own food
Backcross
Breeding method used to move one or more desirable genes from…
10 terms
Plant and soil science
Salinity
Saltation
Sand
Saturation
A measure of the amount of dissolved salts in a given amount…
Intermittent, leaping movement of particles of sand or gravel…
A naturally occurring grainy material made of finely divided…
(most water) all pores full of water, gravitational water is…
Salinity
A measure of the amount of dissolved salts in a given amount…
Saltation
Intermittent, leaping movement of particles of sand or gravel…
10 terms
Plant and soil science
Apical Dominance
Phototropism
Gravitropism/ Geotropism
Thigmotropism
the phenomenon whereby the main, central stem of the plant is…
the orientation of a plant or other organism in response to l…
is a turning or growth movement by a plant or fungus in respo…
the turning or bending of a plant or other organism in respon…
Apical Dominance
the phenomenon whereby the main, central stem of the plant is…
Phototropism
the orientation of a plant or other organism in response to l…
19 terms
Plant and soil science
Aggregates
Biomolecules
Catalyst
Double Helix
Chemically inert ingredients combined w/ cement and water to…
Organic molecules associated with living organisms, Contain C…
A substance that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction.
The form of native DNA, referring to its two adjacent polynuc…
Aggregates
Chemically inert ingredients combined w/ cement and water to…
Biomolecules
Organic molecules associated with living organisms, Contain C…
12 terms
Plant and Soil Science # 6
Percolation
Pesticide
pH
Photosynthesis
The downward movement of water through soil and rock due to g…
A chemical intended to kill insects and other organisms that…
Negative log of the hydrogen ion concentration; acid and base
Plants use the sun's energy to convert water and carbon dioxi…
Percolation
The downward movement of water through soil and rock due to g…
Pesticide
A chemical intended to kill insects and other organisms that…
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