Study sets matching "final system nbe pathology diseases"

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Study sets matching "final system nbe pathology diseases"

17 terms
NBE PATHOLOGY Chapter 11-Diseases of the Respiratory System
asphyxia
asthma
atelectasis
bronchitis
Condition caused by insufficient intake of oxygen
chronic respiratory disease in which the air passageways beco…
collapse of an expanded lung (especially in infants)
inflammation of the membranes lining the bronchial tubes
asphyxia
Condition caused by insufficient intake of oxygen
asthma
chronic respiratory disease in which the air passageways beco…
17 terms
NBE PATHOLOGY Chapter 11-Diseases of the Respiratory System
asphyxia
asthma
atelectasis
bronchitis
Condition caused by insufficient intake of oxygen
chronic respiratory disease in which the air passageways beco…
collapse of an expanded lung (especially in infants)
inflammation of the membranes lining the bronchial tubes
asphyxia
Condition caused by insufficient intake of oxygen
asthma
chronic respiratory disease in which the air passageways beco…
29 terms
NBE PATHOLOGY Chapter 10 Diseases of the Digestive System
Adhesion
Autolysis
Colostomy
icterus
abnormal union of bodily tissues
"self-destruction" of normal tissue after death, produced by…
a surgical operation that creates an opening from the colon t…
yellowing of the skin and the whites of the eyes caused by an…
Adhesion
abnormal union of bodily tissues
Autolysis
"self-destruction" of normal tissue after death, produced by…
21 terms
NBE PATHOLOGY Chapter 13 Diseases of the Nervous System
concussion
contusion
convulsions
dementia
an injury to your head; a brain bruise
an injury that doesn't break the skin but results in some dis…
Involuntary muscle contractions that may alternate between co…
a slowly progressive decline in mental abilities, including m…
concussion
an injury to your head; a brain bruise
contusion
an injury that doesn't break the skin but results in some dis…
19 terms
NBE PATHOLOGY Chapter 14 Diseases of the Female Reproductive System
ectopic pregnancy
eclampsia
endometritis
endometriosis
implantation of the fertilized egg outside the uterine cavity…
a toxic condition characterized by convulsions and possibly c…
inflammation of the lining of the uterus (of the endometrium)
the presence of endometrium elsewhere than in the lining of t…
ectopic pregnancy
implantation of the fertilized egg outside the uterine cavity…
eclampsia
a toxic condition characterized by convulsions and possibly c…
13 terms
NBE PATHOLOGY Chapter 8- Diseases of the Blood
Anemia
Erythrocytosis
hemophilia
leukemia
A decrease in the number of erythrocytes, hemoglobin, or both
An abnormally high red blood cell count
A hereditary bleeding disorder marked by a deficiency of bloo…
Cancer of the blood characterized by the appearance of great…
Anemia
A decrease in the number of erythrocytes, hemoglobin, or both
Erythrocytosis
An abnormally high red blood cell count
26 terms
NBE PATHOLOGY Chapter 9 Diseases of the Heart and Blood Vessels
Aneurysm
Angina
Arrhythmia
Atherosclerosis
a cardiovascular disease characterized by a sac-like widening…
a heart condition marked by paroxysms of chest pain due to re…
an abnormal rate of muscle contractions in the heart
condition in which fatty deposits called plaque build up on t…
Aneurysm
a cardiovascular disease characterized by a sac-like widening…
Angina
a heart condition marked by paroxysms of chest pain due to re…
12 terms
Urinary System Diseases and Pathology
Glomerulonephritis
Interstitial Nephritis
Nephrolithiasis
Nephritic Syndrome
Inflammation of the glomeruli within the kidney
Inflammation of the connective tissue that lies between the r…
Kidney stones; renal calculi
Nephrosis; group of clinical signs and symptoms caused by exc…
Glomerulonephritis
Inflammation of the glomeruli within the kidney
Interstitial Nephritis
Inflammation of the connective tissue that lies between the r…
96 terms
Pathology - Diseases of the Gastrointestinal System
What are the walls of the Digestive Tu…
Mucosa
Submucosa
Musculosa
Mucosa... Submucosa... Musculosa... Adventitia
EPITHELIUM: simple columnar non-ciliated (except esophagus &…
blood vessels... nerves... lymphatics... except esophagus and 1st part…
INNER CIRCULAR smooth muscle layer... OUTER LONGITUDINAL smooth…
What are the walls of the Digestive Tu…
Mucosa... Submucosa... Musculosa... Adventitia
Mucosa
EPITHELIUM: simple columnar non-ciliated (except esophagus &…
11 terms
Pathology: Diseases of the Immune System
Type I hypersensitivity
Type II hypersensitivity
Erythroblastosis fetalis
Other examples of compliment-mediated…
Anaphylactic type... Exposure to allergen... May be localized or sy…
Antibody-mediated... IgG and IgM are directed against normal cel…
Rhesus incompatibility... Examples of type II hypersensitivity (…
Transfusion reactions... Autoimmune hemolytic anemia
Type I hypersensitivity
Anaphylactic type... Exposure to allergen... May be localized or sy…
Type II hypersensitivity
Antibody-mediated... IgG and IgM are directed against normal cel…
28 terms
Pathology - Diseases of the Hepatobiliary System
Congenital Defects of Bilirubin Metabo…
Gilbert's Syndrome
uridine diphosphoglucuronide
3 types of accumulation of billirubin
1. Gilbert's Syndrome... 2. Crigler-Najjar's Syndrome... 3. Dubin-J…
Congenital Defect of Bilirubin Metabolism... INDIRECT BILIRUBIN…
UDPG - sugar used in the creation of polysaccharides and is a…
1. Hemolytic Jaundice - Indirect - breakdown of RBC... 2. Obstru…
Congenital Defects of Bilirubin Metabo…
1. Gilbert's Syndrome... 2. Crigler-Najjar's Syndrome... 3. Dubin-J…
Gilbert's Syndrome
Congenital Defect of Bilirubin Metabolism... INDIRECT BILIRUBIN…
pathology diseases of the respiratory system
what are the common signs of disease o…
how are disorders of the respiratory s…
upper respiratory disorder tend to be…
lower respiratory disorder tend to inv…
cough, dyspnea, cyanosis, hypoperfusion, hypoventilation
upper and lower respiratory
nose, throat, trachea
bronchi and lungs
what are the common signs of disease o…
cough, dyspnea, cyanosis, hypoperfusion, hypoventilation
how are disorders of the respiratory s…
upper and lower respiratory
Pathology: Diseases of the Endocrine System
Acromegaly
Giantism
Dwarfism
Diabetes insipidus
bones of hands, face and feet enlarge
retards normal bone closure. Usually a tumor of the anterior…
Insufficient amount of growth hormone
NOT related to Diabetes Mellitus! Symptoms are identical.
Acromegaly
bones of hands, face and feet enlarge
Giantism
retards normal bone closure. Usually a tumor of the anterior…
Pathology - Diseases of digestive system
gingivitis
pharyngitis
gastritis
enteritis
inflammation of the gums
inflammation of the pharynx
inflammation of the stomach
inflammation of the small intestine
gingivitis
inflammation of the gums
pharyngitis
inflammation of the pharynx
37 terms
Pathology: Diseases of the Immune System
Cells of the immune system
Mononuclear phagocytes
Lymphocytes
B, T Cell Functions
specific: B, T, natural killer (NK) cells ... nonspecific: neutr…
monocytes: engulf and present to T cells, secrete proteolytic…
T, B, natural killer cells
responsible for antigen recognition for immunity
Cells of the immune system
specific: B, T, natural killer (NK) cells ... nonspecific: neutr…
Mononuclear phagocytes
monocytes: engulf and present to T cells, secrete proteolytic…
pathology diseases of the digestive system
inflammation of the gums
what causes ginigivitis
what is the outcome of ginigivitis
is gingivitis caused by bacterial or v…
gingivitis
long term effect of plaque
destruction of gums and loss of teeth
bacterial
inflammation of the gums
gingivitis
what causes ginigivitis
long term effect of plaque
Pathology: Diseases of the Immune System
Cells of the immune system
Mononuclear phagocytes
Lymphocytes
B, T Cell Functions
specific: B, T, natural killer (NK) cells ... nonspecific: neutr…
monocytes: engulf and present to T cells, secrete proteolytic…
T, B, natural killer cells
responsible for antigen recognition for immunity
Cells of the immune system
specific: B, T, natural killer (NK) cells ... nonspecific: neutr…
Mononuclear phagocytes
monocytes: engulf and present to T cells, secrete proteolytic…
32 terms
Pathology: Diseases of the Digestive System
Stomatits
Glossitis
Laryngitis
Peptic Ulcer
Inflammation of the mouth
Inflammation of the tongue
Inflammation of the larynx.
Characteristic gnawing feeling.
Stomatits
Inflammation of the mouth
Glossitis
Inflammation of the tongue
46 terms
Inflammatory diseases- systemic pathology
Recurrent systemic inflammatory (autoi…
what is the frequency of Rheumatic hea…
What is the etiology of Rheumatic hear…
What is a pathognomic sign of Rheumati…
Rheumatic Heart Disease
occurs mainly in children between ages of 5-15. in the US 5-1…
occurs 2-3 weeks after the group A streptococcus pharyngitis,…
aschoff bodies located in interstitial myocardial connective…
Recurrent systemic inflammatory (autoi…
Rheumatic Heart Disease
what is the frequency of Rheumatic hea…
occurs mainly in children between ages of 5-15. in the US 5-1…
72 terms
Systemic Pathology - Diseases of the Intestine
Meckel's Diverticulum is defined as...
True Diverticulum is...
Meckel's Diverticulum is most common a…
Rule of 2's states that...
persistance of the omphalomesenteric duct (vitelline duct or…
when all layers are represented on the antimesenteric border…
Men
2 inches long, 2% incidence, 2 feet from the cecum
Meckel's Diverticulum is defined as...
persistance of the omphalomesenteric duct (vitelline duct or…
True Diverticulum is...
when all layers are represented on the antimesenteric border…
Pathology: Diseases of the Nervous System
Meningitis
Dura mater
Arachnoid
Pi mater
Inflammation of the membranes of the spinal cord or brain.
Outer layer of Meninges
Middle layer of Meninges
innermost layer of meninges
Meningitis
Inflammation of the membranes of the spinal cord or brain.
Dura mater
Outer layer of Meninges
31 terms
Pathology and diseases of digestive system
vomiting
nausea
diarrhea
constipation
actually a protective mechanism
(that unpleasant symptom preceding vomiting), such as motion…
If intensified peristalsis rushes the contents through, the l…
Feces become hard and dry if they stay in the large intestine…
vomiting
actually a protective mechanism
nausea
(that unpleasant symptom preceding vomiting), such as motion…
28 terms
Pathology - Diseases of the Urinary System
Review of Structure & Function
Nephritis
Uremia
Glomerulonephritis
Kidney is the major component of the urinary system.... The neph…
Inflammation of the functional unit of the kidney (nephron).
A toxic condition caused by retention in the blood of waste p…
Kidney disease (inflammation) affecting glomeruli.
Review of Structure & Function
Kidney is the major component of the urinary system.... The neph…
Nephritis
Inflammation of the functional unit of the kidney (nephron).
36 terms
Pathology - Diseases of the Digestive System
Alimentary Canal
Gastro-intestinal tract
Stomatitis
Glossitis
Starts at mouth and includes accessory organs (liver, gall bl…
Starts at the stomach.
Inflammation of the mouth.
Inflammation of the tongue.
Alimentary Canal
Starts at mouth and includes accessory organs (liver, gall bl…
Gastro-intestinal tract
Starts at the stomach.
19 terms
Pathology: Diseases of the Nervous System
Meningitis
Dura mater
Arachnoid
Pi mater
Inflammation of the membranes of the spinal cord or brain.
Outer layer of Meninges
Middle layer of Meninges
innermost layer of meninges
Meningitis
Inflammation of the membranes of the spinal cord or brain.
Dura mater
Outer layer of Meninges
The Heart and Systemic disease-Pathology
anti-double DNA antibodies
Heart issues in SLE
straw colored clear fluid
fibrin deposition on pericardial surfa…
definitely Lupus
Pericarditis... Myocarditis... Valvulitis... Premature coronary arte…
serous pericarditis
epicardial surface shows shaggy fibrinous exudate
anti-double DNA antibodies
definitely Lupus
Heart issues in SLE
Pericarditis... Myocarditis... Valvulitis... Premature coronary arte…
10 terms
Pathology: Diseases of the Urinary System
Uremia
Pyelonephritis
Glomerulonephritis
Pyelitis
The end result of kidney failure. Toxic uric acid builds up i…
Inflammation (with pus) of the kidney and renal pelvis.
Inflammation of the glomeruli. Causes chronic hypertension.
Inflammation of renal pelvis
Uremia
The end result of kidney failure. Toxic uric acid builds up i…
Pyelonephritis
Inflammation (with pus) of the kidney and renal pelvis.
Pathology: Diseases of the Urinary System
Uremia
Pyelonephritis
Glomerulonephritis
Pyelitis
The end result of kidney failure. Toxic uric acid builds up i…
Inflammation (with pus) of the kidney and renal pelvis.
Inflammation of the glomeruli. Causes chronic hypertension; f…
Inflammation of renal pelvis
Uremia
The end result of kidney failure. Toxic uric acid builds up i…
Pyelonephritis
Inflammation (with pus) of the kidney and renal pelvis.
22 terms
Pathology: Diseases of the Endocrine System
Acromegaly
Giantism
Dwarfism
Diabetes insipidus
bones of hands, face and feet enlarge
retards normal bone closure. Usually a tumor of the anterior…
Insufficient amount of growth hormone
NOT related to Diabetes Mellitus! Symptoms are identical.
Acromegaly
bones of hands, face and feet enlarge
Giantism
retards normal bone closure. Usually a tumor of the anterior…
22 terms
Pathology: Diseases of the Immune System
IgM
IgG
IgE
IgA
1st antibody released into the circulation in response to an…
Major antibody of immune response
Found on surface of mast cells (mediates hypersensitivity rea…
Secreted in milk, saliva, and tears
IgM
1st antibody released into the circulation in response to an…
IgG
Major antibody of immune response
13 terms
Respiratory System Pathologies/Diseases
Rhinitis
Sinusitis
Tracheal obstruction
Hypoxia
Inflammation of the nasal mucosa; caused by cold viruses and…
Sinus inflammation; can cause marked changes in voice quality…
Life-threatening because trachea is the only way air can ente…
Inadequate oxygen delivery to body tissues; become cyanotic;…
Rhinitis
Inflammation of the nasal mucosa; caused by cold viruses and…
Sinusitis
Sinus inflammation; can cause marked changes in voice quality…
Pathology: Diseases of the Digestive System
Stomatits
Glossitis
Laryngitis
Peptic Ulcer
Inflammation of the mouth
Inflammation of the tongue
Inflammation of the larynx.
Characteristic gnawing feeling.
Stomatits
Inflammation of the mouth
Glossitis
Inflammation of the tongue
34 terms
Pathology-Integumentary System and Disease
Integumentary Functions (8)
Causes of Skin Lesions (10)
Pruritis
Urticaria
Protection... Insulator... Holds organs together... Sensory Perception…
Infections... Contact w/ Injurious agents... Medications... Trauma... Her…
Severe Itching.... May be symptomatic or occur idiopathically a…
vascular eruption of the skin characterized by the eruption o…
Integumentary Functions (8)
Protection... Insulator... Holds organs together... Sensory Perception…
Causes of Skin Lesions (10)
Infections... Contact w/ Injurious agents... Medications... Trauma... Her…
7 terms
Pathology- Nervous System Disease
Headaches
Headache Etiology
Headache symptoms
Head Trauma types
Diffuse pain occurring in any portion of head, acute or chron…
Irritation of one or more of the pain sensitive structures in…
Dull aching, acute unbearable pain, front side back
Epidural and sub-dural heamatoma, Cerebral concussion, cerebr…
Headaches
Diffuse pain occurring in any portion of head, acute or chron…
Headache Etiology
Irritation of one or more of the pain sensitive structures in…
35 terms
Pathology: Systemic Autoimmune Diseases
What two things do you need for an aut…
Who is most commonly affected by SLE?
How is SLE diagnosed?
What are the antinuclear antibodies in…
- genetic predisposition and an environmental trigger
females of childbearing age
any 4 or more of the following: ... Serositis... Oral ulcers... Arthri…
- DNA ... - histones ... - non-histone proteins ... - nucleolar antigens
What two things do you need for an aut…
- genetic predisposition and an environmental trigger
Who is most commonly affected by SLE?
females of childbearing age
33 terms
Pathological diseases nervous system
Coma
Bell palsy
Concussion
Dementia
Abnormal deep unconsciousness with an absence of voluntary re…
Racial paralysis/disorder of seventh cranial nerves
Injury to the brain
Cognitive defects memory impairment
Coma
Abnormal deep unconsciousness with an absence of voluntary re…
Bell palsy
Racial paralysis/disorder of seventh cranial nerves
Other Systems: Pathologic Diseases
Phenylketonuria
Etiology of phenylketonuria
S&S of phenylketonuria
Treatment of phenylketonuria
Metabolic disease that consists of mental retardation as well…
Autosomal recessive, common in caucasians
Within a few months of birth:... Gait disturbances... Retardation... H…
Dietary restriction of the issue causing substance
Phenylketonuria
Metabolic disease that consists of mental retardation as well…
Etiology of phenylketonuria
Autosomal recessive, common in caucasians
112 terms
Pathology: Diseases of Immune System & Amyloidosis
Immunodeficiency disease:
Immunodeficiency types:
What cells would be effected in a humo…
What are the causes of an humoral immu…
-Failing of one or more of the body's defensive mechanisms re…
Primary or Congenital... - Greater than 120 types... Secondary or A…
-B cells... -Plasma cells or antibodies
-Primary humoral... -Multiple myeloma chronic lymphoid leukemia…
Immunodeficiency disease:
-Failing of one or more of the body's defensive mechanisms re…
Immunodeficiency types:
Primary or Congenital... - Greater than 120 types... Secondary or A…
22 terms
Pathology - Disease of the Hepatobiliary System
Gall Bladder Stones (cholelithiasis)
Mixed Stones (Gall Stones)
Pigment Stones (Gall Stones)
biliary fistrula
INCIDENCE: 10% of adults; ages 40-50; females; Native America…
80%; cholesterol or cholesterol mixed w/ bilirubin and calciu…
10%; jet black, small stones --> extravascular hemolytic anem…
bile leaks into the surrounding area (Ileus)
Gall Bladder Stones (cholelithiasis)
INCIDENCE: 10% of adults; ages 40-50; females; Native America…
Mixed Stones (Gall Stones)
80%; cholesterol or cholesterol mixed w/ bilirubin and calciu…
46 terms
systemic pathology-Inflammatory diseases
Recurrent systemic inflammatory (autoi…
what is the frequency of Rheumatic hea…
What is the etiology of Rheumatic hear…
What is a pathognomic sign of Rheumati…
Rheumatic Heart Disease
occurs mainly in children between ages of 5-15. in the US 5-1…
occurs 2-3 weeks after the group A streptococcus pharyngitis,…
aschoff bodies located in interstitial myocardial connective…
Recurrent systemic inflammatory (autoi…
Rheumatic Heart Disease
what is the frequency of Rheumatic hea…
occurs mainly in children between ages of 5-15. in the US 5-1…
35 terms
Pathology: Systemic Autoimmune Diseases
What two things do you need for an aut…
Who is most commonly affected by SLE?
How is SLE diagnosed?
What are the antinuclear antibodies in…
- genetic predisposition and an environmental trigger
females of childbearing age
any 4 or more of the following: ... Serositis... Oral ulcers... Arthri…
- DNA ... - histones ... - non-histone proteins ... - nucleolar antigens
What two things do you need for an aut…
- genetic predisposition and an environmental trigger
Who is most commonly affected by SLE?
females of childbearing age
pathology - oral manifestations of systemic Diseases
Hyperpituitarism
Hyperthyroidism (Graves Disease)
Hypothyroidism
Hyperparathyroidism
gigantism in children, acromegaly (acro- means end, tip) in a…
goiter, rosy complection, erythema of palms, excessive sweati…
cretinism- children (thick lips, enlarged tongue, delayed eru…
elevated blood calcium, low blood phosphorus, bone loses calc…
Hyperpituitarism
gigantism in children, acromegaly (acro- means end, tip) in a…
Hyperthyroidism (Graves Disease)
goiter, rosy complection, erythema of palms, excessive sweati…
Pathology of circulatory system - Venous diseases
Varicose Veins - definition
Varciose veins - Epidemiology, predisp…
Varcose veins: Clinical features & com…
Esophageal varices:
} Dilated, torturous veins caused by chronically increased in…
▪ Most commonly affects Superficial veins of lower extremitie…
Clinical features of varicose veins: ... ▪ Varicose dilation ren…
> Due to portal hypertension caused by liver cirrhosis... ( or…
Varicose Veins - definition
} Dilated, torturous veins caused by chronically increased in…
Varciose veins - Epidemiology, predisp…
▪ Most commonly affects Superficial veins of lower extremitie…
Peripheral Nervous System Disease Pathology
Axonal ballooning
Schwann Cell
Node of Ranvier
Wallerian Degeneration
Axonal ballooning
Schwann Cell
20 terms
Nervous System- Pathology, Diseases, and conditions
Alzheimer
Ataxia
Autism
Bipolar disorder
Disease associated with formation of small plaques in the cer…
Defective muscle cordination
Mental disorder characterized by extreme withdrawal and abnor…
Mental disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, emotion,…
Alzheimer
Disease associated with formation of small plaques in the cer…
Ataxia
Defective muscle cordination
140 terms
Gen Pathology - Diseases of the Immune System
plasma cells
cytokines
APC
Langerhans cells
b-lymphocytes turn into _______ or memory B cells, so it can…
CD4 + helper T cells turn into ______ to become macrophages/n…
CD8 + cytotoxic T cells → ______
macrophages of the skin
plasma cells
b-lymphocytes turn into _______ or memory B cells, so it can…
cytokines
CD4 + helper T cells turn into ______ to become macrophages/n…
31 terms
Diseases of the Urinary System - Pathology FINAL
Uremia
Hematuria
Glycosuria
Pyuria
Disorder of the urinary system caused by retention in the blo…
Blood in the urine
excess amount of sugar in the urine, typically associated wit…
pus in the urine, typically from bacterial infection
Uremia
Disorder of the urinary system caused by retention in the blo…
Hematuria
Blood in the urine
42 terms
Diseases of the Reproductive System - Pathology FINAL
Endometritis
Endocervicitis
Salpingitis
Tubal Ectopic Pregnancy
inflammation of the lining of the uterus due to bacterial inf…
inflammation of the uterus and the cervix.
inflammation of the fallopian tubes.
implantation of the fertilized ovum in a site other than the…
Endometritis
inflammation of the lining of the uterus due to bacterial inf…
Endocervicitis
inflammation of the uterus and the cervix.
37 terms
Diseases of the Nervous System - Pathology FINAL
Trauma
What are the 2 types of Trauma?
Concussion
Contusion
Head injuries caused by blunt force trauma associated with mo…
1. Concussion... 2. Contusion
Traumatic injury to the head resulting in loss of consciousne…
Head injury causing bruising of the brain, which involves the…
Trauma
Head injuries caused by blunt force trauma associated with mo…
What are the 2 types of Trauma?
1. Concussion... 2. Contusion
49 terms
Pathology - 41 (Systemic diseases and glomerulonephropathy)
SLE
SLE high yield features
Which type of SLE is prone to DVT?
anti-phospholipid antibody syndrome
auto-antibody to nuclear and cytoplasmic antigens. Involves s…
malar rash (butterfly)... arthralgia... arthritis... discoid lesion (s…
anti-PL antibody SLE.
autoimmune caused by anti-PL-Abs → hypercoaguable → thrombosi…
SLE
auto-antibody to nuclear and cytoplasmic antigens. Involves s…
SLE high yield features
malar rash (butterfly)... arthralgia... arthritis... discoid lesion (s…
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