Study sets matching "finals psychology"

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Study sets matching "finals psychology"

574 terms
Psychology 1100, Psychology Final
psychology
critical thinking
science
scientific mindset requirements
the study of the mind
the ability to think clearly, rationally, and independently
method for learning about reality through systematic observat…
-objectivity vs. subjectivity ... -systematic observations ... -obs…
psychology
the study of the mind
critical thinking
the ability to think clearly, rationally, and independently
77 terms
Psychology - Finals
psychoanalytic
humanistic
cognitive
sociocultural
focuses on unconscious drives (guilt, sex, aggression) and co…
focuses on the fact that all humans are born good, and that a…
focuses on thoughts before behavior occurs. positive thoughts…
focuses on the culture and social environment of an individua…
psychoanalytic
focuses on unconscious drives (guilt, sex, aggression) and co…
humanistic
focuses on the fact that all humans are born good, and that a…
153 terms
Psychology Final
binocular vision
observe behavior as it happens outside…
Hippocampus
Maintenance Rehearsal
A different image is registered on the retina of each eye. Th…
A psychologist using the method of Naturalistic Observation w…
Part of the limbic system that plays a part in memory is the
Repeating a phone number to prevent losing the information is…
binocular vision
A different image is registered on the retina of each eye. Th…
observe behavior as it happens outside…
A psychologist using the method of Naturalistic Observation w…
Psychology - Finals
psychoanalytic
humanistic
cognitive
sociocultural
focuses on unconscious drives (guilt, sex, aggression) and co…
focuses on the fact that all humans are born good, and that a…
focuses on thoughts before behavior occurs. positive thoughts…
focuses on the culture and social environment of an individua…
psychoanalytic
focuses on unconscious drives (guilt, sex, aggression) and co…
humanistic
focuses on the fact that all humans are born good, and that a…
139 terms
Psychology Final
Development of the Brain
Brain plasticity
Learning associated with new synapses…
Frontal Lobes
Back to front, bottom to top, inside out.
Your brain can learn and grow
How memories are formed-Axons; send messages. Dendrites: rece…
(Phineas Gage): Higher level thinking, behavior, personality,…
Development of the Brain
Back to front, bottom to top, inside out.
Brain plasticity
Your brain can learn and grow
166 terms
Psychology Finals
Correlation
Causation
Correlation Coefficient
Independent Variables
measure of how two variables are related and how strongly the…
one variable causes the another variable
measure of two things... - quantitative expression of strength a…
variables whose quantitative value is independently controlle…
Correlation
measure of how two variables are related and how strongly the…
Causation
one variable causes the another variable
281 terms
Psychology Final
psychology
psychiatry
Wilhelm Wundt
structuralism
the scientific study of mental processes and behavior
a branch of medicine concerned with the diagnosis and treatme…
considered "the world's first psychologist"; founded the fiel…
an early approach to psychology that tried to identify the ba…
psychology
the scientific study of mental processes and behavior
psychiatry
a branch of medicine concerned with the diagnosis and treatme…
30 terms
Psychology Final
Psychology
Behavior
Cognitive Activities
Major Fields in Psychology
scientific study of human behavior & mental processes
any action that people can observe or measure
mental processes
Clinical, Counseling, School, Educational, Developmental, Per…
Psychology
scientific study of human behavior & mental processes
Behavior
any action that people can observe or measure
359 terms
Finals - Psychology
biological perspective
evolutionary perspective
psychodynamic/psychoanalytic perspective
behavioral perspective
how naturally the body and brain influence you
natural selection influences behavior through genes
unconscious thoughts influence actions
how we learn observable responses
biological perspective
how naturally the body and brain influence you
evolutionary perspective
natural selection influences behavior through genes
117 terms
psychology finals
Critical thinking
Introspection
Cognition
Functionalism
thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
A method of looking inside yourself
the mental action or process of acquiring knowledge and under…
easy school of thought promoted by James and influenced by Da…
Critical thinking
thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
Introspection
A method of looking inside yourself
Psychology final
Structuralism
Introspection
Functionalism
Behaviorism
An early school of psychology that used introspection to expl…
the examination or observation of one's own mental and emotio…
A school of psychology that focused on how our mental and beh…
The view that psychology (1) should be an objective science t…
Structuralism
An early school of psychology that used introspection to expl…
Introspection
the examination or observation of one's own mental and emotio…
Psychology Final
What are biological rhythms?
90 minute rhythms
Circadian rhythms
28 day rhythm
Daily fluctuations of our physiological functions like body t…
Changes in alertness and daydreaming
Sleep, body temperature, blood pressure, and urine production
Menstrual cycle
What are biological rhythms?
Daily fluctuations of our physiological functions like body t…
90 minute rhythms
Changes in alertness and daydreaming
45 terms
Psychology Finals
Antipsychotics side effects
Antipsychotic drugs prescribe for
Anti-Parkinsonian drugs prescribe for
Antidepressant drugs prescribe for
Dry mouth... Blurred vision... Photo sensitivity... Constipation... Cardi…
Schizophrenia / Psychotic Disorders... -drugs that control hallu…
-drugs to counteract the antipsychotic drug side effect of mo…
Depressive disorders / Social withdrawal... -SSRI ... -Tricyclics o…
Antipsychotics side effects
Dry mouth... Blurred vision... Photo sensitivity... Constipation... Cardi…
Antipsychotic drugs prescribe for
Schizophrenia / Psychotic Disorders... -drugs that control hallu…
299 terms
Psychology Finals
What is the most complete definition o…
Developmental psychologist Arthur Chan…
What is NOT a benefit of correlational…
In an experiment, the factor that chan…
The science of behavior and mental processes.
Naturalistic observation.
It can establish cause-and-effect relationships.
Dependent Variable.
What is the most complete definition o…
The science of behavior and mental processes.
Developmental psychologist Arthur Chan…
Naturalistic observation.
Finals for Psychology
Antagonist
Absolute Threshold
Attention
Adrenal Gland Function
a person who is opposed to, struggles against, or competes wi…
was originally defined as the lowest level of a stimulus —lig…
notice taken of someone or something; the regarding of someon…
A small gland located on top of the kidney. The adrenal gland…
Antagonist
a person who is opposed to, struggles against, or competes wi…
Absolute Threshold
was originally defined as the lowest level of a stimulus —lig…
Psychology Final
Piaget
schema
assimilation
accommodations
Swiss developmentalist gained insight into the cognitive proc…
Describes a pattern or thought or behavior that organizes cat…
The process by which new objects, events, experiences, or inf…
The process by which existing schemes are modified and new sc…
Piaget
Swiss developmentalist gained insight into the cognitive proc…
schema
Describes a pattern or thought or behavior that organizes cat…
148 terms
Psychology Final
When was psychology born
Definitions of psychology
Goal of Psychology
What % of Jobs are counseling and clin…
1879
Science of human behavior and cognitive processing
Measure&Describe Understand&Predict Apply&Control
52%
When was psychology born
1879
Definitions of psychology
Science of human behavior and cognitive processing
41 terms
Psychology Final
A medical doctor working in the field…
What is Psychology?
Self-actualization is part of which of…
The two main divisions of the nervous…
Psychiatrist
The science of behavior and mental processes.
humanism
peripheral nervous system; central nervous system
A medical doctor working in the field…
Psychiatrist
What is Psychology?
The science of behavior and mental processes.
Psychology Final
Independent Variable
Dependent Variable
Control Group
Experimental Group
the variable the scientist changes or the manipulated variable
the variable that is measured or the responding variable
a standard to which results can be compared
the group that is compared to the control
Independent Variable
the variable the scientist changes or the manipulated variable
Dependent Variable
the variable that is measured or the responding variable
Psychology Final
Independent Variable
Dependent Variable
Extraneous variable
Diffusion of Responsibility
"the cause" and it influences change of the dependent variable
what you measure in the experiment and what is affected
undesirable variable that influences the relationship between…
thinking someone else will call to action; explains Bystander…
Independent Variable
"the cause" and it influences change of the dependent variable
Dependent Variable
what you measure in the experiment and what is affected
Psychology Final
3 Levels of Consciousness
Motivation
Psychosexual Stages
Denial
Conscious (smallest, 10%)... Pre-Conscious... Unconscious (Largest…
ID... Ego... Superego
Oral... Anal... Phallic... Genital
Refusing to accept reality
3 Levels of Consciousness
Conscious (smallest, 10%)... Pre-Conscious... Unconscious (Largest…
Motivation
ID... Ego... Superego
51 terms
Psychology Final
Ivan Pavlov
B.F. Skinner
Perceptual constancy
True love
founder of classical conditioning
behavior modification
shape, size, color
attraction, intimacy, mutuality
Ivan Pavlov
founder of classical conditioning
B.F. Skinner
behavior modification
144 terms
Psychology Final
Psychology
Theory
Theoretical Framework
Standard Procedures
The scientific study of mental processes and behavior
A general framework for scientific study, of which smaller as…
Must have something being tested
Must use the same procedures every time
Psychology
The scientific study of mental processes and behavior
Theory
A general framework for scientific study, of which smaller as…
Psychology Final
Encoding
Storage
Retrieval
Rehearsal
processing information into the memory system
Retention of information
Process of accessing memory
the conscious repetition of information to use in short-term…
Encoding
processing information into the memory system
Storage
Retention of information
25 terms
Psychology Final
Learning
Conditioning
Classical conditioning
Unconditioned stimulus
Relatively permanent change in knowledge or behavior that is…
Ability to connect stimuli when responses
Learning when neutral stimulus becomes associated with a stim…
Tigers a natural response
Learning
Relatively permanent change in knowledge or behavior that is…
Conditioning
Ability to connect stimuli when responses
120 terms
Psychology Final
memory
episodic memory
semantic memory
explicit memory
the mental functions and processes by which information is en…
memory of specific experienced events.
memory of general knowledge and information.
memory of specific information.
memory
the mental functions and processes by which information is en…
episodic memory
memory of specific experienced events.
36 terms
Psychology Final
Psychotherapy
Cognitive Behavior Theory
Gestalt Therapy
Group Therapy
A form of therapy in which a trained professional uses method…
Psychotherapy based on social learning theory in which therap…
Humanistic theory where the therapists takes an active role t…
Psychotherapy conducted in groups. Typically of 4-8 clients a…
Psychotherapy
A form of therapy in which a trained professional uses method…
Cognitive Behavior Theory
Psychotherapy based on social learning theory in which therap…
Psychology Final
Monism vs. Dualism
3 blows to human ego: Copernicus
3 blows to human ego: Darwin
3 blows to human ego: Freud
monism is only physical, and dualism believes that the mind i…
realized that our earth was not the center of the universe,
(1809-1882) mind is un-observable.... behavior is observable---…
Psychodynamic psychology--> Forbidden desires, nameless fears…
Monism vs. Dualism
monism is only physical, and dualism believes that the mind i…
3 blows to human ego: Copernicus
realized that our earth was not the center of the universe,
Psychology Final
Developmental Psychology
Continuous Development
Discontinuous Development
Conception
the study of how bodies change physically, cognitively and so…
view development as progress or a gradual change
development takes place in unique stages and change is more s…
a single sperm cell penetrates outer coating to egg and fuses…
Developmental Psychology
the study of how bodies change physically, cognitively and so…
Continuous Development
view development as progress or a gradual change
599 terms
Psychology Final
dysfunctional
personal distress - behavior is
when behavior is confusing
social norms
interference with normal functioning; interferes with a perso…
upsetting, distracting, confusing, deviance from social norms
not only to other people, but also to the person experiencing…
guidelines of acceptable behavior in your society, laws and "…
dysfunctional
interference with normal functioning; interferes with a perso…
personal distress - behavior is
upsetting, distracting, confusing, deviance from social norms
283 terms
Psychology Final
Psychology
Wilhelm Wundt
Edward Titchener
structuralism
study of mental activity and behavior
father of modern psychology; set up first psych lab
- Student of Wilhelm Wundt... - founder of Structuralist school…
- study of the structure of the mind, basic sensations,... - ide…
Psychology
study of mental activity and behavior
Wilhelm Wundt
father of modern psychology; set up first psych lab
45 terms
PSYCHOLOGY (FINALS)
Phobias
Motivation
Motive
Satisfaction
Anxiety disorder characterized by an intense,excessive qnd ir…
The urge to move toward ones goals; to accomplish tasks.
Answers the question WHY
TEMPORARY
Phobias
Anxiety disorder characterized by an intense,excessive qnd ir…
Motivation
The urge to move toward ones goals; to accomplish tasks.
Psychology Final
Psychology
Empirical
Critical Thinking
Phrenology
The discipline concerned with behavior and mental processes a…
Relying on or derived from observation, experimentation, or m…
The ability and willingness to assess claims and make judgeme…
The one-discredited theory that different brain areas account…
Psychology
The discipline concerned with behavior and mental processes a…
Empirical
Relying on or derived from observation, experimentation, or m…
Psychology Final
Psychiatric Social Workers
Acetylcholine
Endorphin
Pineal Gland
Social workers with special training in the influences of the…
First known neural transmitters that stimulates muscles, help…
Neural regulators that control pain response.
Secretes melatonin.
Psychiatric Social Workers
Social workers with special training in the influences of the…
Acetylcholine
First known neural transmitters that stimulates muscles, help…
Psychology Finals
Psychology
Scientific Goals
Description
Understanding
the study of mental(private) process and behavior(public)
Description,Understanding,Perdition, Control
naming and classifying behavior
states the cause of behavior
Psychology
the study of mental(private) process and behavior(public)
Scientific Goals
Description,Understanding,Perdition, Control
177 terms
PSYCHOLOGY FINAL
Structuralism
Functionalism
Gestalt
Psychoanalysis
divide the brain into parts to study. the goal was to study c…
how do you function to the situations you're in. study how th…
looking at the whole picture. the goal was to describe the or…
Behavior is motivated by the unconscious. The goal was to exp…
Structuralism
divide the brain into parts to study. the goal was to study c…
Functionalism
how do you function to the situations you're in. study how th…
Psychology Final
independent variable
dependent variable
confounding variable
reliability
factor that is being manipulated; variable whose effect is be…
outcome that is measured; variable that may change when indep…
a factor other than the independent variable that might produ…
reproduce-ability of results of research
independent variable
factor that is being manipulated; variable whose effect is be…
dependent variable
outcome that is measured; variable that may change when indep…
38 terms
Psychology Final
Projection
Anal Stage
Ego
Oral Stage
Attributing one's own thoughts or impulses to another person
fixation on bowel and bladder elimination; search for control
resides in all levels of awareness; operates under the realit…
Pleasure centering around mouth
Projection
Attributing one's own thoughts or impulses to another person
Anal Stage
fixation on bowel and bladder elimination; search for control
108 terms
psychology final!!!!
abraham maslow
carl rodgers
BF skinner
eric lennenburg
he emphazised every persons potential for self development- h…
didnt think that either behaviorism or psychosnslysis took in…
behaviorism: is best known for developing the theory of Opera…
came up with the critical period hypothesis- believes there i…
abraham maslow
he emphazised every persons potential for self development- h…
carl rodgers
didnt think that either behaviorism or psychosnslysis took in…
Psychology Final
need or desire that energizes behavior…
who is aron ralston?`
what are the four perspectives psychol…
what is an instinct?
motivation
film 127 hours, a climber who got his arm stuck in a rock. hi…
instinct theory, drive-reduction theory, arousal theory, abra…
a complex behavior that is rigidly PATTERNED throughout a spe…
need or desire that energizes behavior…
motivation
who is aron ralston?`
film 127 hours, a climber who got his arm stuck in a rock. hi…
100 terms
Psychology FINAL
B) Instincts are learned behavioral re…
C) Homeostasis
A) Yerkes-Dodson law
D) All of these
Which of the following statements about instincts is FALSE?…
According to drive-reduction theory, a drive is a created whe…
Darrin is a good piano player. When he is alone, his arousal…
Which of the following chemical substances plays an important…
B) Instincts are learned behavioral re…
Which of the following statements about instincts is FALSE?…
C) Homeostasis
According to drive-reduction theory, a drive is a created whe…
Psychology Final
anxiety disorders
generalized anxiety disorders
panic disorder
phobias
distressing, persistent anxiety or maladaptive behaviors that…
continually tense and uneasy for no apparent reason
sudden intense dread
irrational avoidance of a specific object or situation
anxiety disorders
distressing, persistent anxiety or maladaptive behaviors that…
generalized anxiety disorders
continually tense and uneasy for no apparent reason
Psychology Final
Rehearsal
Short-term
Homeostasis
Sleeping
The day after Kirsten was introduced to 13 people at a busine…
A basketball strikes Ashley in the head and she momentarily k…
The concept of a set point best illustrates an explanation of…
Two people learned nonsense syllables and then tried to recal…
Rehearsal
The day after Kirsten was introduced to 13 people at a busine…
Short-term
A basketball strikes Ashley in the head and she momentarily k…
90 terms
General Psychology Final Review
goals of psychology
scientific method steps
type of descriptive research
neuron/information transfer
Description - describe, often in a detailed manner, behavior…
1. identify question... 2. state hypothesis... 3. select method, ch…
- case study... - survey... - naturalistic observation
1. dendrites - receive ... 2. soma - cell body... 3. axon - transmi…
goals of psychology
Description - describe, often in a detailed manner, behavior…
scientific method steps
1. identify question... 2. state hypothesis... 3. select method, ch…
158 terms
Psychology Final
Robbers cave experiment- person
what was the robbers cave experiment a…
eye of the storm experiment- person
what was the eye of the storm experime…
Muzafer Sherif
subordinate goals, intergroup prejudice, working together
Jane Elliot
explaining racism, blue eyed and brown eyes
Robbers cave experiment- person
Muzafer Sherif
what was the robbers cave experiment a…
subordinate goals, intergroup prejudice, working together
147 terms
Psychology Final
Define psychology
A behavior is
A mental process is
What is a case study?
the study of the human mind and its functions
observable
unobservable
in depth information about a few individuals, do not demonstr…
Define psychology
the study of the human mind and its functions
A behavior is
observable
54 terms
Final Review Psychology
Free Association
Research Psychologist
Applied Psychologist
Sigmund Freud
In psychoanalysis, a method of exploring the unconscious in w…
Conducts experiments+ in an attempt to discover the basic pri…
Psychologists who make direct use of the findings of research…
A psychologist who developed psychoanalysis. Believed strongl…
Free Association
In psychoanalysis, a method of exploring the unconscious in w…
Research Psychologist
Conducts experiments+ in an attempt to discover the basic pri…
74 terms
Psychology Final
medical model
Thomas Szasz
diagnosis
etiology
proposes that it is useful to think of abnormal behavior as a…
said there is no such thing as mental illness, just social de…
involves distinguishing one illness from another
the apparent causation and developmental history of an illness
medical model
proposes that it is useful to think of abnormal behavior as a…
Thomas Szasz
said there is no such thing as mental illness, just social de…
171 terms
Psychology Final
Psychology
Mental processes
Limbic System
Cerebral Cortex
The scientific study of behavior and mental processes... -Behav…
•Private, internal experiences of the mind that cannot be dir…
The interconnected group of forebrain structures involved wit…
The thin surface layer that regulates most complex behavior a…
Psychology
The scientific study of behavior and mental processes... -Behav…
Mental processes
•Private, internal experiences of the mind that cannot be dir…
31 terms
Psychology Final
parenting style most likely to produce…
one of the big five factors of persona…
the psychoanalytic perspective believe…
social roles?
authoritative
neuroticism
unconscious conflicts have a large impact on our behavior
behaviors that are associated with people in a given position
parenting style most likely to produce…
authoritative
one of the big five factors of persona…
neuroticism
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