Study sets matching "first law"

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Study sets matching "first law"

18 terms
Week 1: Contract Law
injured party
formation
consideration
counter-offer
person whose legally protected interests have been harmed
act of bringing a contract into existence
something of value given by one party to another in order to…
new offer with new terms made as a reply to an offer received
injured party
person whose legally protected interests have been harmed
formation
act of bringing a contract into existence
Substantive Criminal Law 1
alibi
verdict of insanity defense
necessity defense
objective entrapment
defendant must provide 10 day written notice to prosecution ,…
jury finds all elements of insanity defense and can admit def…
commit a crime to prevent more serious harm from occurring
police misconduct causes charges to be dismissed
alibi
defendant must provide 10 day written notice to prosecution ,…
verdict of insanity defense
jury finds all elements of insanity defense and can admit def…
48 terms
Week 1: Criminal Law
armed robbery
arson
bribe
burglary
Robbery committed while the person accused is armed with a da…
the criminal act of deliberately setting fire to property.
persuade (someone) to act in one's favor, typically illegally…
entry into a building illegally with intent to commit a crime…
armed robbery
Robbery committed while the person accused is armed with a da…
arson
the criminal act of deliberately setting fire to property.
200 terms
Business Law 1
Law
Reformation
Undue influence
Crime
A code of civil conduct commanding what is right and prohibit…
Judicial correction of a contract
Manipulation resulting from a relationship between a perpetra…
An act that causes injury to society
Law
A code of civil conduct commanding what is right and prohibit…
Reformation
Judicial correction of a contract
34 terms
law 1
a
b
c
d
adam
boy
charles
david
a
adam
b
boy
15 terms
Criminal Law Vocabulary Set #1
Criminal Law
Corrections
Defendant
Guilty
A system of law concerned with the punishment of those who co…
The variety of programs, services, facilities, and organizati…
A person charged with committing a crime.
To be found responsible for committing a crime.
Criminal Law
A system of law concerned with the punishment of those who co…
Corrections
The variety of programs, services, facilities, and organizati…
Law I Vocabulary Quiz #1
Criminal law
Civil law
Human rights
Felonies
Branch of law dealing with crimes and their punishments.
Does not involve criminal maters. Deals with private rights o…
Basic privileges a person has as a human being.
Serious criminal offense punishable by a prison sentence or m…
Criminal law
Branch of law dealing with crimes and their punishments.
Civil law
Does not involve criminal maters. Deals with private rights o…
21 terms
The Foundations of Law 1.1
Morality
Ethics
Golden Rule
Empathy
Involves the values that govern group's ideas about right and…
Refers to the rules used to determine the difference between…
Do onto others as you would have them do onto you
Putting yourself in another person's position.
Morality
Involves the values that govern group's ideas about right and…
Ethics
Refers to the rules used to determine the difference between…
6 terms
law 1
Libertarianism
retributive Justice
Formal Irrationality
Substantive Rationality
should we take money from rich to give to poor
concerned w/individuals getting what they deserve
formal rules but not based on reason or logic
guided by a set of irretinally consistent principals other th…
Libertarianism
should we take money from rich to give to poor
retributive Justice
concerned w/individuals getting what they deserve
Law Terminology 1
precedent
jurisdiction
judges
justices
judges following previous case law
a court's authority to hear a matter in a particular place
a public official who hears and decides cases brought before…
a judge or magistrate, in particular a judge of the Supreme C…
precedent
judges following previous case law
jurisdiction
a court's authority to hear a matter in a particular place
9 terms
Law 1
Reason they made the Pure Food and Dru…
Pure Food and Drug Act (what it did)
Pure Food and Drug act Amendment of 1911
Sherley Amendment
Few Controls on manufacturing & distribution.... Dangerous foods…
Enacted by congress... Prevented manufacture, sale, or transpor…
added "Warning- Maybe habit forming"
Amendment to Pure food and Drug Act... prohibited false therape…
Reason they made the Pure Food and Dru…
Few Controls on manufacturing & distribution.... Dangerous foods…
Pure Food and Drug Act (what it did)
Enacted by congress... Prevented manufacture, sale, or transpor…
5 terms
Law 1
4 sources of law
statutory law
Civil Law vs Common Law
Stare Decisis
constitution, statutes, administrative rules and regulations,…
rules created by a legislature
Civil: detailed codes, each case stands alone... Common: general…
Judge must look at cases from courts above him and in the sam…
4 sources of law
constitution, statutes, administrative rules and regulations,…
statutory law
rules created by a legislature
22 terms
Law 1
norm
natural law
litigate
defendant
is a custom shared by members of society about how they shoul…
is a ideal law
means to carry on legal contest by judicial process
is a person required to make answer in a legal action
norm
is a custom shared by members of society about how they shoul…
natural law
is a ideal law
21 terms
Law 1
human rights
reservation
criminal laws
felonies
basic privileges a person has as a human being
a legal way of making a provision less enforceable than it mi…
the branch of law dealing with crimes and their punishment
a serious criminal offense, punishable by a prison sentence o…
human rights
basic privileges a person has as a human being
reservation
a legal way of making a provision less enforceable than it mi…
29 terms
Law 1
observe a law
obey a law
pass a law
introduce a law
соблюдать закон
соблюдать закон
принять закон
принять закон
observe a law
соблюдать закон
obey a law
соблюдать закон
47 terms
law 1
ratify - ratified (v)
impunity (n)
judicial review (n)
landmark (n)
to make (a treaty, agreement, etc.) official by signing it or…
freedom from punishment ( without fear of consequences). ... حصا…
a constitutional doctrine that gives to a court system the po…
a very important event or achievement. ( change the law, extr…
ratify - ratified (v)
to make (a treaty, agreement, etc.) official by signing it or…
impunity (n)
freedom from punishment ( without fear of consequences). ... حصا…
LAW 1
Law
3 functions of law
sources of law
Constitution
May be viewed as a collection of rules or principles that lim…
improves behavior, ... conflict resolution, ... social stability an…
U.S. Constitution & State Constitutions... Federal & State Legi…
1.Fundamental law of the land... 2.Establishes the limits and po…
Law
May be viewed as a collection of rules or principles that lim…
3 functions of law
improves behavior, ... conflict resolution, ... social stability an…
13 terms
Law 1
Common law
In the 1700′s the courts had the abili…
the "laws" must be recognized in a par…
Common Law is based on
Law that is the same for everyone.
define what the law was, but generate new laws.
violate a common law.
judicial precedent.
Common law
Law that is the same for everyone.
In the 1700′s the courts had the abili…
define what the law was, but generate new laws.
55 terms
Law 1
Legal system
International law
Rule
4 types of rules
a complex of legal rules made in conformity with an ensemble…
regulates relationships btw State, draws upon its own sources…
a statement that prescribes some human conduct defined as 1)…
1) General ... 2)Abstract ... 3) Personal ... 4)Factual
Legal system
a complex of legal rules made in conformity with an ensemble…
International law
regulates relationships btw State, draws upon its own sources…
29 terms
Law 1
legal analysis
fact bound
cause of action
enacted law
the process of applying the law to specific facts, also known…
legal issues are said to be this when even a minor change in…
a fact or facts that enable a person to bring an action again…
constitutions, statues, ordinances, and regulations
legal analysis
the process of applying the law to specific facts, also known…
fact bound
legal issues are said to be this when even a minor change in…
20 terms
Law 1
human rights
criminal laws
reservations
civil law
basic privileges a person has as a human being
the branch law dealing with crimes and their punishments
a legal way of making a provision less enforceable than it mi…
all laws that does not involve criminal matters, such as tort…
human rights
basic privileges a person has as a human being
criminal laws
the branch law dealing with crimes and their punishments
Human Rights
Criminal Laws
Felony
Misdemeanor
the basic rights to which all people are entitled as human be…
Homicide, rape, robbery, drunk driving
A serious crime
a crime or offense that is less serious than a felony; any mi…
Human Rights
the basic rights to which all people are entitled as human be…
Criminal Laws
Homicide, rape, robbery, drunk driving
29 terms
Business Law- Chapter 1
Administrative agency
Business ethics
Business law
Case law
governmental body formed to carry out particular laws
ethical principles used in making business decisions
group of laws that governs business situations and transactions
made when an appellate court endorses a rule to be used in de…
Administrative agency
governmental body formed to carry out particular laws
Business ethics
ethical principles used in making business decisions
29 terms
1.03 Criminal Law
aggravated assault
arson
battery
bribery
a person that inflicts serious injury upon another person or…
to willfully set fire to or burn or cause to be burned or aid…
is the unlawful touching or forceful striking of another pers…
is giving money or property to a public official in exchange…
aggravated assault
a person that inflicts serious injury upon another person or…
arson
to willfully set fire to or burn or cause to be burned or aid…
24 terms
law 1
The Great Binding Law
Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms
Divine Right
Circuit Judge
A democratic peace pact recognized by the Iroquois (six natio…
is a bill of rights entrenched in the Constitution of Canada.…
the doctrine that kings derive their authority from God, not…
a judge in a circuit court in various jurisdictions
The Great Binding Law
A democratic peace pact recognized by the Iroquois (six natio…
Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms
is a bill of rights entrenched in the Constitution of Canada.…
32 terms
EAP - Law 1 - Unit 2
agreement
article
by and among
clause
a contract
a part of a legal document that deals with a general point
between, by the joint action of
a part of a contract that deals with a specific point, sub se…
agreement
a contract
article
a part of a legal document that deals with a general point
29 terms
Business Law -- Criminal Law (1.03)
aggravated assault
arson
battery
bribery
a person that inflicts serious injury upon another person or…
to willfully set fire to or burn or cause to be burned or aid…
is the unlawful touching or forceful striking of another pers…
is giving money or property to a public official in exchange…
aggravated assault
a person that inflicts serious injury upon another person or…
arson
to willfully set fire to or burn or cause to be burned or aid…
Business Law CVHS 1
unconstitutional
precedent
statutes
Bill of Rights
Law or action by a government institution that violates the C…
A requirement for a judge to follow an earlier court decision…
Laws specifically passed by a governing body created for that…
The first amendments to the U.S. Constitution.
unconstitutional
Law or action by a government institution that violates the C…
precedent
A requirement for a judge to follow an earlier court decision…
10 terms
21-1 Employment Law
employment at will
employment
public employees
wrongful discharge
An agreement where an employee can be discharged at any time.
A legal relationship that involves a contract to pay and the…
Employees who work for the government.
A limitation on the power to terminate without cause.
employment at will
An agreement where an employee can be discharged at any time.
employment
A legal relationship that involves a contract to pay and the…
26 terms
law #1
Common Law
Statutory Law
How does a bill become a law?
Statutory Interpretation
based on prior judicial decisions, develops over time as conf…
written laws passed by Congress, state legislators, etc., two…
passed by both houses of Congress and signed by the President
statues are subject to interpretation by courts, judge can go…
Common Law
based on prior judicial decisions, develops over time as conf…
Statutory Law
written laws passed by Congress, state legislators, etc., two…
23 terms
Law #1
Beyond a reasonable doubt
Case
Case reporters
Civil Law
in criminal law, the general rule that for a judge or jury to…
a dispute between two or more parties that is resolved throug…
books containing the decisions issued by federal and state co…
(l) laws, written or unwritten, that specify the duties that…
Beyond a reasonable doubt
in criminal law, the general rule that for a judge or jury to…
Case
a dispute between two or more parties that is resolved throug…
Law Chapter 1
Morality
Ethics
Justice
Law
involves the values that govern a group's ideas about right a…
rules used to determine the difference between right and wrong
treating people fairly and equally
system of rules of conduct established by a country's governm…
Morality
involves the values that govern a group's ideas about right a…
Ethics
rules used to determine the difference between right and wrong
13 terms
Business Law - 7.1 Consumer Law and Contracts
consumer
Uniform Commercial Code (UCC)
firm offer
title
anyone who buys or leases goods, real estate, or services
a collection of laws that governs various types of business t…
a merchant's written promise to hold an offer open for the sa…
the right of ownership to goods
consumer
anyone who buys or leases goods, real estate, or services
Uniform Commercial Code (UCC)
a collection of laws that governs various types of business t…
Law 1/Law 12
DFK fouls (10)
IFK fouls (7 primary)
Dimensions of field
Dimensions of goal
in reckless manner: kicking, tripping, charging, jumping, str…
GK infringements (4): handling for more than 6 seconds, handl…
touch lines: 100-130 yds; goal lines: 50-100 yds
8ft tall, 24ft lengh
DFK fouls (10)
in reckless manner: kicking, tripping, charging, jumping, str…
IFK fouls (7 primary)
GK infringements (4): handling for more than 6 seconds, handl…
29 terms
Business Law -- Criminal Law (1.03)
aggravated assault
arson
battery
bribery
a person that inflicts serious injury upon another person or…
to willfully set fire to or burn or cause to be burned or aid…
is the unlawful touching or forceful striking of another pers…
is giving money or property to a public official in exchange…
aggravated assault
a person that inflicts serious injury upon another person or…
arson
to willfully set fire to or burn or cause to be burned or aid…
27 terms
Business Law -- Civil Law (1.03)
actual harm
alternative dispute resolution
arbitration
money damages
the victim suffers an injury, has property destroyed or loses…
occurs when parties try and resolve a disagreement outside of…
giving the power to settle their dispute to a third party; th…
money received as if you suffered a loss as an injured party
actual harm
the victim suffers an injury, has property destroyed or loses…
alternative dispute resolution
occurs when parties try and resolve a disagreement outside of…
24 terms
Law 1
Criminal Law
Civil Law
Jurisprudence
Peremptory Challenge
a system of law concerned with the punishment of those who co…
the system of law concerned with private relations between me…
the study of law and legal philosophy
allows each side to dismiss a certain number of possible juro…
Criminal Law
a system of law concerned with the punishment of those who co…
Civil Law
the system of law concerned with private relations between me…
Law Chapter 1
Laws
Code
Common Law
Positive Law
Enforceable rules of conduct in a society
Laws grouped into an organized form
Law based on current standards or customs of the people
Law based on the dictates of central political authority
Laws
Enforceable rules of conduct in a society
Code
Laws grouped into an organized form
20 terms
Business Law 1.01
administrative law
case law
constitution
English Common Law
body of rules created by government regulatory agencies
based on an appealed case ruling, an appellate court sets pre…
principles by which its government operates
result of custom-based laws being unified by courts in England
administrative law
body of rules created by government regulatory agencies
case law
based on an appealed case ruling, an appellate court sets pre…
40 terms
law 1
statutes and regulations
stare decisis & exceptions
federal court system
NJ court systems
statutes: passed by congress on federal level and signed by t…
stare decisis: court must give presidential value to prior de…
1. supreme court... -specifically authorized by US constitution…
1. supreme court... -1 chief judge + 6 associate judges... 2. supe…
statutes and regulations
statutes: passed by congress on federal level and signed by t…
stare decisis & exceptions
stare decisis: court must give presidential value to prior de…
Law 1
The theory and/or the philosophy of law
Moral Values (ex.)
Values usually promoted in our laws ar…
Econonomic Values (ex.)
Jurisprudence
Fundamental values of right and wrong
Moral, Economic, Political, and Social
Taxes
The theory and/or the philosophy of law
Jurisprudence
Moral Values (ex.)
Fundamental values of right and wrong
14 terms
Chapter 1 Law
stare decisis
procedural law
laws
common law
Doctrine requiring lower courts to adhere to existing case la…
Group of laws defining the methods for enforcing legal rights…
Enforced rules of conduct in a society
Law based on the customs of a group
stare decisis
Doctrine requiring lower courts to adhere to existing case la…
procedural law
Group of laws defining the methods for enforcing legal rights…
23 terms
Law terms unit 1
Law
Case law
Citation
Code of Hammurabi
A mandatory set of rules that are established by the governme…
The recorded written decisions of judges; also known as commo…
The reference for a legal case that contains information such…
Earliest record of written law, main principle is "an eye for…
Law
A mandatory set of rules that are established by the governme…
Case law
The recorded written decisions of judges; also known as commo…
Rule of Law topic 1
tyranny
civics
law
democracy
: cruel and unfair treatment by people with power over others…
: the study of the rights and duties of citizens and of how g…
a rule of conduct or action laid down and enforced by the sup…
Government by the people
tyranny
: cruel and unfair treatment by people with power over others…
civics
: the study of the rights and duties of citizens and of how g…
15 terms
Rule of Law 1.9
citizen
law
rule of law
democracy
a legal member of a state and/or country
a rule established by government or other source of authority…
a concept that those who govern are bound by the laws; no one…
a form of government, in which people choose leaders by voting
citizen
a legal member of a state and/or country
law
a rule established by government or other source of authority…
28 terms
Business Law 1.02
answer
arraignment/initial hearing
arrest
civil court
the response to a civil complaint
the charged person is brought before a judge to determine pro…
a person who has allegedly committed a felony offense or a se…
the civil jurisdiction of the trial court divisions
answer
the response to a civil complaint
arraignment/initial hearing
the charged person is brought before a judge to determine pro…
34 terms
Business Law - Chapter 1
laws
code
sovereign
common law
enforceable rules of conduct in a society
laws grouped into an organized form
powerful leader or authority
law based on the current standards or customs of the people
laws
enforceable rules of conduct in a society
code
laws grouped into an organized form
21 terms
Street Law Chapter 1
Human Rights
Reservations
Criminal Laws
Felonies
The rights all people have simply because they are human bein…
A legal way of making a provision less enforceable than it mi…
Regulate public conduct and set out duties owed to society.
Murders, Robberies, or more serious crimes
Human Rights
The rights all people have simply because they are human bein…
Reservations
A legal way of making a provision less enforceable than it mi…
63 terms
Con Law 1
IRAC method
Judicial Review
Marbury v. Madison
Judicial Review What is the law
Issue- Constitutional... Rule- rule of law... Analysis- ... C/P-conclu…
ability of Supreme Court to declare an act by legislative or…
Marbury was midnight appointment but Jefferson refused to app…
1. Overturn itself... 2. Overturn saving construction(congress)…
IRAC method
Issue- Constitutional... Rule- rule of law... Analysis- ... C/P-conclu…
Judicial Review
ability of Supreme Court to declare an act by legislative or…
37 terms
Business Law: Chapter 1 - Ethics & Sources of Law
ethics
unconstitutional
administrative law
common law
The attempt to develop a means for determining the values of…
An action or law that conflicts with the most fundamental law…
The rules and procedures established by regulatory agencies a…
The law established by judges and shared throughout England i…
ethics
The attempt to develop a means for determining the values of…
unconstitutional
An action or law that conflicts with the most fundamental law…
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