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Study sets matching "first line defenses"

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Study sets matching "first line defenses"

41 terms
Lines of Defense- week 1
Enzymes and ciliary escalators are spe…
Innate immunity defends against ___ an…
Antibodies/specific immunity defends a…
Antibodies are specific/non-specific b…
non-specific
- most bugs- viruses, worms... - rapid
- foreign bugs... - slow
specific
Enzymes and ciliary escalators are spe…
non-specific
Innate immunity defends against ___ an…
- most bugs- viruses, worms... - rapid
10 terms
Defensive Line
D-line Gap Alignments
Basic Front Alignment
"G" Call
Outlaw
All D-lineman are responsible for their correct alignment or…
If the TE is to the left side, we call "Liz" and the DT align…
If we have a G call the NG moves from a 1 technique to a 2i.…
In outlaw both the NG and DT align in a 3 technique
D-line Gap Alignments
All D-lineman are responsible for their correct alignment or…
Basic Front Alignment
If the TE is to the left side, we call "Liz" and the DT align…
60 terms
22.1 diseases and lines of defense
Immune function
Infections agents
Infection agents examples
Prions
Protection from infectious agents and harmful substances
Cause damage or death to a host organism... pathogens
Prions, Bacteria, Viruses, Protozoans, Fungi, Parasites
abnormal form of protein found in brain... changes membrane prot…
Immune function
Protection from infectious agents and harmful substances
Infections agents
Cause damage or death to a host organism... pathogens
36 terms
Microbiology 1+2 Lines of Defense
First Line of Defense
Epidermis
Epidermal dendridic Cells
Dermis
Skin and Mucous Membrane- home to normal microbiota
Outer layer of skin containing tightly packed cells
alive macrophages of epidermis that phagocytize... aka Langerhan…
contains protein fibers called collagen... alive part of skin
First Line of Defense
Skin and Mucous Membrane- home to normal microbiota
Epidermis
Outer layer of skin containing tightly packed cells
37 terms
5.1.6. Lines of Defense
non-specific
non-specific
non-specific
innate
The simpler form of immunity
The form of immunity that bacteria, slugs and ants have
Skin, mucus and nose hairs are all forms of ______________ im…
The other name for non-specific immunity
non-specific
The simpler form of immunity
non-specific
The form of immunity that bacteria, slugs and ants have
16 terms
5.1.6 Lines of Defense
Non-specific Defense
Specific Defense
Skin
Nose Hair
the general ways that we prevent foreign materials from causi…
protects against some parasite genotypes but not others
protects us from microbes and the elements, helps regulate bo…
filters foreign particles from entering the nasal cavity and…
Non-specific Defense
the general ways that we prevent foreign materials from causi…
Specific Defense
protects against some parasite genotypes but not others
11 terms
5.1.6 lines of defense
non-specific defense
specific defense
skin
nose hair
barriers that are always the same, regardless of the type of…
barriers that can distinguish between the types of invader
provides a physical outer barrier to invaders
trap invaders because they are coated in mucus
non-specific defense
barriers that are always the same, regardless of the type of…
specific defense
barriers that can distinguish between the types of invader
37 terms
5.1.6. Lines of Defense
non-specific
non-specific
non-specific
innate
The simpler form of immunity
The form of immunity that bacteria, slugs and ants have
Skin, mucus and nose hairs are all forms of ______________ im…
The other name for non-specific immunity
non-specific
The simpler form of immunity
non-specific
The form of immunity that bacteria, slugs and ants have
72 terms
Lecture #1: Pathogens and Lines of Defense
Disease causing agents. •Including: Ce…
HIV destroys what cells? without these…
mutated forms of a virus have differen…
allergies are cause by ___ dilating bl…
pathogens
helper t cells, t cells, b cells (cell mediated and humoral i…
antigens
histamine
Disease causing agents. •Including: Ce…
pathogens
HIV destroys what cells? without these…
helper t cells, t cells, b cells (cell mediated and humoral i…
26 terms
Lecture #1: Pathogens and Lines of Defense
What are pathogens?
where can you find pathogens?
Most common pathogen?
what are the factors of bacteria?
disease causing agents
certain bacteria, ptotozaons, fungi, worms, and viruses
bacteria
single celled organism. Very rapid growth, takes up nutrients.
What are pathogens?
disease causing agents
where can you find pathogens?
certain bacteria, ptotozaons, fungi, worms, and viruses
Lecture #1 Pathogens and Lines of Defense
What are pathogens?
What are some types of pathogens?
What are the most common pathogens?
What is bacteria?
Disease causing agents.
Certain bacteria, protozoans, fungi, worms and viruses.
Bacteria and Viruses
Single celled organisms.
What are pathogens?
Disease causing agents.
What are some types of pathogens?
Certain bacteria, protozoans, fungi, worms and viruses.
10 terms
Line of defenses
1st line of defense(Innate, nonspecific)
Chemical defenses:
Physical defenses
Genetics component:
Surface defenseDo not recognize pathogens they are features…
Saliva,(lysozyme) sweat, vaginal secretion, mucous, ear wax
Intact skin(does not apply to worms), sneezing, cilia along t…
Immunity to HIV due to mutation of surface marker is an examp…
1st line of defense(Innate, nonspecific)
Surface defenseDo not recognize pathogens they are features…
Chemical defenses:
Saliva,(lysozyme) sweat, vaginal secretion, mucous, ear wax
14 terms
Lines of defense
First line
Second line
Third line
Nonspecific line
Skin, mucous
White blood cells, proteins, inflammatory response
Lymphocytes, antibodies
First and second
First line
Skin, mucous
Second line
White blood cells, proteins, inflammatory response
19 terms
Line of Defenses
The first line of defense doesn't incl…
What are the two barriers involved in…
What are examples of physical barriers…
what are examples of chemical barriers…
Bloodstream, external environment.
Physical and chemical.
Skin, hair and cilia.
Mucus, stomach acid and saliva
The first line of defense doesn't incl…
Bloodstream, external environment.
What are the two barriers involved in…
Physical and chemical.
8 terms
Table 22.1 Summary of Innate Defenses Second Line of Defense
Interferons (IFNs)
Complement system
Iron-binding proteins
Antimicrobial proteins (AMPs)
Protect uninfected host cells from viral infections
Causes cytolysis of microbes... Promotes phagocytosis... Contribute…
Inhibit growth of certain bacteria by reducing amount of avai…
Have broad-spectrum antimicrobial activities and attract dend…
Interferons (IFNs)
Protect uninfected host cells from viral infections
Complement system
Causes cytolysis of microbes... Promotes phagocytosis... Contribute…
13 terms
Table 22.1 Summary of Innate Defenses First Line of Defense
Epidermis of skin
Mucous membranes
Mucus
Hairs
Forms physical barrier to entrance of microbes
Inhibit entrance of many microbes, but not as effective as in…
Traps microbes in respiratory and GI tracts
Filter out microbes and dust in nose
Epidermis of skin
Forms physical barrier to entrance of microbes
Mucous membranes
Inhibit entrance of many microbes, but not as effective as in…
15 terms
Project 5.1.6: Lines of Defense
Anna's Mystery Infection
What Happens When an Antigen (Foreign…
Pathogens vs. Antigens
Breaking Down the Immune System
A mystery illness infected Anna just ten days before her unti…
The human immune response system recognizes pathogens and ant…
An antigen is a foreign substance that triggers a reaction fr…
The immune system can be broken down into parts to make it ea…
Anna's Mystery Infection
A mystery illness infected Anna just ten days before her unti…
What Happens When an Antigen (Foreign…
The human immune response system recognizes pathogens and ant…
first line of defense defense
epidermis
mucous membrane
mucus
hairs
forms physical barrier to entrance of microbes
inhibit entrance of many microbes, but not as effective as in…
traps microbes in respiratory and GI tracts
filter out microbes and dust in nose
epidermis
forms physical barrier to entrance of microbes
mucous membrane
inhibit entrance of many microbes, but not as effective as in…
15 terms
Line of defense
Barriers job
innate immunity (2)
barriers (3)
integument
keep pathogens out
internal defenses non-specific ... present before exposure to pa…
physical chemical ecological
skin
Barriers job
keep pathogens out
innate immunity (2)
internal defenses non-specific ... present before exposure to pa…
17 terms
Lines of defense
Eosinophils
Urine
Tr cells
Mumoral immunity
2 line of defence
1 line of defence
3 line of defence
3 line of defence
Eosinophils
2 line of defence
Urine
1 line of defence
25 terms
lines of defense
epithelia
cilia
mucus
hair
lines all external with tight junctions... * skin, digestive, re…
sweeps bacteria from respiratory to digestive
sticky trap that prevents spread of pathogen ... * lines all ext…
alerts to insects to prevent infection... *protects against abra…
epithelia
lines all external with tight junctions... * skin, digestive, re…
cilia
sweeps bacteria from respiratory to digestive
30 terms
lines of defense
1st line
1st line, Barriers
cillia
2nd line
keeps foreigine antigens out if the internal body
skin, sweat, respiratory system, stomach acid, tears, reflexe…
moves mucus and traps particles away from the lungs, this is…
destroying foreigne antigens that have passed through the 1st…
1st line
keeps foreigine antigens out if the internal body
1st line, Barriers
skin, sweat, respiratory system, stomach acid, tears, reflexe…
30 terms
Lines of Defenses
What are the two basic ways to fight o…
What is the Nonspecific Defense System?
What is the Specific Defense System?
Within the Nonspecific Defense mechani…
1. nonspecific defense system... 2. specific defense system
-protects against a variety of invaders... -responds immediately…
-required for each type of invader... -a.k.a immune system
The 1st line of defense consists of anything external to the…
What are the two basic ways to fight o…
1. nonspecific defense system... 2. specific defense system
What is the Nonspecific Defense System?
-protects against a variety of invaders... -responds immediately…
3rd Line of Defense; Adaptive Immunity Part #1
General 3rd Line of Defense: Adaptive…
5 Distinct Attributes of Adaptive Immu…
Specificity
Inducibility
1. Specific or adaptive immunity is acquired ... 2. The host's a…
1. Specificity... 2. Inducibility... 3. Clonality... 4. 'Unresponsiven…
precisely directed against molecules of specific pathogens
activated only in response to specific pathogens
General 3rd Line of Defense: Adaptive…
1. Specific or adaptive immunity is acquired ... 2. The host's a…
5 Distinct Attributes of Adaptive Immu…
1. Specificity... 2. Inducibility... 3. Clonality... 4. 'Unresponsiven…
9 terms
lines of defense
Physical barriers
Chemical barrier
patrolling cells
macrophages
1st
1st
2nd
2nd
Physical barriers
1st
Chemical barrier
1st
34 terms
lines of defense
non specific defense-
skin
mucus
nose hair
1
1
1
1
non specific defense-
1
skin
1
28 terms
Lines of Defense
one species is immune to a disease tha…
prevents the entrance of infectious ag…
5 examples of mechanical barriers
5 examples in second line of defense
species resistance
mechanical barriers
hair, mucus, tears, sweat, skin
chemical barriers, natural killer cells, inflammation, phagoc…
one species is immune to a disease tha…
species resistance
prevents the entrance of infectious ag…
mechanical barriers
12 terms
Lines of Defense
First Line of Defense
Gastric juices
Second Line of Defense
Second line of Defense... The Compliment…
Mechanical Barriers and Chemical ... Skin,hair, eyes,lungs,sweat…
Kill microbes which enter the stomach
Compliment system... Interferon... Phagocytosis... Inflammation
consists of 20 different protiens found in blood plasma... when…
First Line of Defense
Mechanical Barriers and Chemical ... Skin,hair, eyes,lungs,sweat…
Gastric juices
Kill microbes which enter the stomach
18 terms
Lines of defense
1st
1st
1st
1st
Innate
Primary response
External
Non specific
1st
Innate
1st
Primary response
13 terms
Lines of Defense
1st line: Barriers
2nd line: Non-specific patrol
3rd line: Immune System
1st line: Physical Barriers
-Broad, external defense... -skin and mucus
-internal defense... -patrolling soldiers phagocyte (eating) WBC
acquired immunity... -"elite trained unit"... -Lymphocyte WBCs and…
-non-specific defense... -external barrier... --skin: cells that co…
1st line: Barriers
-Broad, external defense... -skin and mucus
2nd line: Non-specific patrol
-internal defense... -patrolling soldiers phagocyte (eating) WBC
23 terms
Lines of defense
Pathogens
First line of defense
Second line of defense
Third line of defense
Agents capable of producing disease
Skin and mucous membranes
Leukocyte and macrophages, Antimicrobial, natural killer cell…
The immune system
Pathogens
Agents capable of producing disease
First line of defense
Skin and mucous membranes
16 terms
Lines of Defense
1st line of defense - Barriers
2nd line of defense - Inflammatory res…
Steps of inflammatory response
3rd line of defense - Immune Response
It defends/kill pathogens BEFORE they come in the body.... * sk…
general defense = kills ALL pathogens the same way... inflammat…
1. pathogen enters the body... 2. the body sends a signal for th…
cells react to each type of pathogen with a defense ... that tar…
1st line of defense - Barriers
It defends/kill pathogens BEFORE they come in the body.... * sk…
2nd line of defense - Inflammatory res…
general defense = kills ALL pathogens the same way... inflammat…
16 terms
second line of defense- (part of pathogens part 1)
natural killer cells
phagocytes
antimicrobial proteins
interferon
can lyse and kill cancer; can destroy virus-infected cells; r…
cells such a neutrophils and macrophils; engulf foreign mater…
attack microorganisms; hinder reproduction of microorganisms
proteins secreted by virus-infected cells; bind to healthy ce…
natural killer cells
can lyse and kill cancer; can destroy virus-infected cells; r…
phagocytes
cells such a neutrophils and macrophils; engulf foreign mater…
Lines of defense
Skin
Mucus
Saliva
Warm area
Barriers
Barriers
Barriers
Barriers
Skin
Barriers
Mucus
Barriers
Day 1- Immune system and first line of defense
Immune System
Rhinitis
Stratum Corneum
How do mucous membranes act as part of…
1st, 2nd, and 3rd line of defenses
The inflammation of the nasal mucosal surface marked by the c…
Epithelial cells that are compacted, cemented, and contain ke…
Mucus coat impedes entry and bacterial/ microbe attachment
Immune System
1st, 2nd, and 3rd line of defenses
Rhinitis
The inflammation of the nasal mucosal surface marked by the c…
First & Second Line Defenses
What are some examples of physical bar…
What is the largest physical barrier?
What are some examples of chemical bar…
_______- produces salts making an hype…
Skin, Cilia, & Flora
Skin
Sweat, Tears, Acids in the stomach, & Sebum (ear wax)
Sweat
What are some examples of physical bar…
Skin, Cilia, & Flora
What is the largest physical barrier?
Skin
38 terms
Lines of Defense
The first line includes
The second line of defense includes
Antigen
T-Lymphocytes
Epithelia ... Cilia ... Mucus ... Hair ... Gastric juice... Antimicrobial pr…
Phagocytes... Natural killer cells... Interferon... Complement ... Inflam…
Substance that mobilizes the immune system and proves an immu…
mature in thymus gland
The first line includes
Epithelia ... Cilia ... Mucus ... Hair ... Gastric juice... Antimicrobial pr…
The second line of defense includes
Phagocytes... Natural killer cells... Interferon... Complement ... Inflam…
19 terms
15.1 Specific Immunity: The Third Line of Defense
Acquired Specific Immunity
Immunocompetence
Antigens
Specifity
-product ob B and T lymphocytes ... -Lymphocytes under go a sele…
The ability of the body to react with countless foreign subst…
-molecules that stimulate a response by T and B cells... -protei…
-highly specific to the antigen against which the third line…
Acquired Specific Immunity
-product ob B and T lymphocytes ... -Lymphocytes under go a sele…
Immunocompetence
The ability of the body to react with countless foreign subst…
16 terms
PLTW Project 5.1.6 Lines of Defense
Non-specific Defense
Specific Defense
Skin
Nose Hair
the general ways that we prevent foreign materials from causi…
protects against some parasite genotypes but not others
protects us from microbes and the elements, helps regulate bo…
filters foreign particles from entering the nasal cavity and…
Non-specific Defense
the general ways that we prevent foreign materials from causi…
Specific Defense
protects against some parasite genotypes but not others
Parasitology Exam 1 First Line of Defense
Immune System
Immunity
Innate Immunity
Adaptive Immunity
A functional system whose components attack foreign substance…
A state in which a host is more or less resistant to an infec…
A mechanism of defense that does not depend on prior exposure…
A mechanism of defense that is specific to the particular non…
Immune System
A functional system whose components attack foreign substance…
Immunity
A state in which a host is more or less resistant to an infec…
68 terms
Nonspecific Defense Responses - 1st & 2nd Lines of Defense (part 1)
what type of tissues are skin and muco…
why are cells tightly joined together?
what prevents microbial population fro…
what is the function of the protein ke…
epithelial surface tissues
to prevent bacteria from invading deeper tissues
sloughing of dead cells
these cells contain little water, making the skin dry and inh…
what type of tissues are skin and muco…
epithelial surface tissues
why are cells tightly joined together?
to prevent bacteria from invading deeper tissues
8 terms
Defensive loop and 2 1/2 hose line
How much hose is used to make a defens…
What does the red bundle have
What is in the blue bundle
How much psi does a combination nozzle…
50 feet of hose section
100 foot stick 1 1/2 synthetic double jacket hose with a gate…
100 foot stick of 1 1/2 hose synthetic double jacket with a 2…
100 psi
How much hose is used to make a defens…
50 feet of hose section
What does the red bundle have
100 foot stick 1 1/2 synthetic double jacket hose with a gate…
16 terms
PLTW Project 5.1.6 Lines of Defense
Non-specific Defense
Specific Defense
Skin
Nose Hair
the general ways that we prevent foreign materials from causi…
protects against some parasite genotypes but not others
protects us from microbes and the elements, helps regulate bo…
filters foreign particles from entering the nasal cavity and…
Non-specific Defense
the general ways that we prevent foreign materials from causi…
Specific Defense
protects against some parasite genotypes but not others
16 terms
PLTW Project 5.1.6 Lines of Defense
Non-specific Defense
Specific Defense
Skin
Nose Hair
the general ways that we prevent foreign materials from causi…
protects against some parasite genotypes but not others
protects us from microbes and the elements, helps regulate bo…
filters foreign particles from entering the nasal cavity and…
Non-specific Defense
the general ways that we prevent foreign materials from causi…
Specific Defense
protects against some parasite genotypes but not others
10 terms
Biomedical Science 5.1.6 Lines of Defense
Non-specific Defense
Specific Defense
Skin
Nose Hair
The general ways that we prevent foreign materials from causi…
Protects against some parasite genotypes but not others.
Protects us from microbes and the elements, helps regulate bo…
Filters foreign particles from entering the nasal cavity and…
Non-specific Defense
The general ways that we prevent foreign materials from causi…
Specific Defense
Protects against some parasite genotypes but not others.
41 terms
Lecture #1: Pathogens and Lines of Defense Koepp
Disease causing agents. •Including: Ce…
Single celled organisms. Very rapid gr…
two types of DNA?
Inject viral DNA and reprograms the ce…
pathogens
bacteria
DNA, RNA
virus
Disease causing agents. •Including: Ce…
pathogens
Single celled organisms. Very rapid gr…
bacteria
13 terms
Innate defenses: First line
Epidermis of skin
Mucous membrane
Mucus
Hairs
Forms physical barrier to entrance of microbes
Inhibit entrance of many microbes, but not as effective as in…
Traps microbes in respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts
Filter out microbes and dust in nose
Epidermis of skin
Forms physical barrier to entrance of microbes
Mucous membrane
Inhibit entrance of many microbes, but not as effective as in…
13 terms
First Line of Innate Defenses
Epidermis
Mucous Membranes
Mucus
Hairs
Forms a physical barrier to entrance of microbes
Inhibit entrance of many microbes, but not as effective as in…
Traps microbes in respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts
Filter out microbes and dust in nose
Epidermis
Forms a physical barrier to entrance of microbes
Mucous Membranes
Inhibit entrance of many microbes, but not as effective as in…
13 terms
First Line of Defense
Skin
Epithelial lining
Ciliated epithelial cells
Flushing action
mechanical defense... barrier to penetration, harsh environment…
mechanical defense... includes mucous membrane, lining of respi…
mechanical defense... beating action of ciliated cells as well…
mechanical defense... action of urinary tract, epistalisis, che…
Skin
mechanical defense... barrier to penetration, harsh environment…
Epithelial lining
mechanical defense... includes mucous membrane, lining of respi…
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