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Study sets matching "fluid and electrolyte balance fundamentals nursing acid base"

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Study sets matching "fluid and electrolyte balance fundamentals nursing acid base"

67 terms
Nursing Fundamentals - Fluid, Electrolyte and Acid - Base Balance
Extracellular fluid
Intracellular fluid
Cations
Anions
Fluid that is outside the cell. (interstitial, intravascular…
Fluid that is inside the cell. (Fluid equals 2/3 total body w…
Positively charged electrolytes (sodium, potassium and calciu…
Negatively charged electrolytes (chloride, bicarbonate and su…
Extracellular fluid
Fluid that is outside the cell. (interstitial, intravascular…
Intracellular fluid
Fluid that is inside the cell. (Fluid equals 2/3 total body w…
67 terms
Nursing Fundamentals - Fluid, Electrolyte and Acid - Base Balance
Extracellular fluid
Intracellular fluid
Cations
Anions
Fluid that is outside the cell. (interstitial, intravascular…
Fluid that is inside the cell. (Fluid equals 2/3 total body w…
Positively charged electrolytes (sodium, potassium and calciu…
Negatively charged electrolytes (chloride, bicarbonate and su…
Extracellular fluid
Fluid that is outside the cell. (interstitial, intravascular…
Intracellular fluid
Fluid that is inside the cell. (Fluid equals 2/3 total body w…
110 terms
Fluid Electrolyte and Acid Base Balance Chapter 52 Fundamentals of Nursing
Primary fluid
Fluids
water in men
water in women
water, 60% of average healthy adults weight
essential to life, regulate and maintain body temp, cell shap…
more water weight due to muscle mass
weight decreases as we age due to lower muscle mass and incre…
Primary fluid
water, 60% of average healthy adults weight
Fluids
essential to life, regulate and maintain body temp, cell shap…
36 terms
Fundamentals of Nursing: Chapter 39 Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid Base Balance
Functions of Water in the Body
Two Compartments of Fluid in the Body
Variations in Fluid Content
Fluid Balance
Transporting nutrients to cells and wastes from cells ... Transp…
Intracellular fluid (ICF): fluid within cells (70%)... Extracell…
Healthy person: total body water is 50% to 60% of body weight…
Solvents: liquids that hold a substance in solution (water) e…
Functions of Water in the Body
Transporting nutrients to cells and wastes from cells ... Transp…
Two Compartments of Fluid in the Body
Intracellular fluid (ICF): fluid within cells (70%)... Extracell…
46 terms
Fundamentals of Nursing ch 40: Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance
acid
acidosis
active transport
agglutinin
susbstance containing a hydrogen ion that can be liberated or…
condition characterized by a proportionate excess of hydrogen…
movement of ions or molecules across cell membranes, usually…
an antibody that causes a clumping of specific antigens
acid
susbstance containing a hydrogen ion that can be liberated or…
acidosis
condition characterized by a proportionate excess of hydrogen…
40 terms
Fundamentals of Nursing: Chapter 40: Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance
When caring for a client who is on int…
A nursing responsibility in managing I…
A nurse monitoring a client's IV infus…
The client is admitted to the nurse's…
Correct response: Apply a warm compress.... Explanation: Prolong…
Correct response: It is the responsibility of the nurse to pr…
Correct response: Notify the primary care provider immediatel…
Correct response: Fluid volume excess... Explanation: ... A common…
When caring for a client who is on int…
Correct response: Apply a warm compress.... Explanation: Prolong…
A nursing responsibility in managing I…
Correct response: It is the responsibility of the nurse to pr…
40 terms
Fundamentals of Nursing: Chapter 40: Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance
When caring for a client who is on int…
A nursing responsibility in managing I…
A nurse monitoring a client's IV infus…
The client is admitted to the nurse's…
Correct response: Apply a warm compress.... Explanation: Prolong…
Correct response: It is the responsibility of the nurse to pr…
Correct response: Notify the primary care provider immediatel…
Correct response: Fluid volume excess... Explanation: ... A common…
When caring for a client who is on int…
Correct response: Apply a warm compress.... Explanation: Prolong…
A nursing responsibility in managing I…
Correct response: It is the responsibility of the nurse to pr…
40 terms
Fundamentals of Nursing: Chapter 40: Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance
When caring for a client who is on int…
A nursing responsibility in managing I…
A nurse monitoring a client's IV infus…
The client is admitted to the nurse's…
Correct response: Apply a warm compress.... Explanation: Prolong…
Correct response: It is the responsibility of the nurse to pr…
Correct response: Notify the primary care provider immediatel…
Correct response: Fluid volume excess... Explanation: ... A common…
When caring for a client who is on int…
Correct response: Apply a warm compress.... Explanation: Prolong…
A nursing responsibility in managing I…
Correct response: It is the responsibility of the nurse to pr…
172 terms
Fundamentals of Nursing - Chapter 41 - Fluid, Electrolyte & Acid-base balance
A patient who is comatose is admitted…
A patient with a cardiac history is ta…
Which of these patients do you expect…
You teach patients to replace sweat, v…
A
D
B
B
A patient who is comatose is admitted…
A
A patient with a cardiac history is ta…
D
80 terms
(Fundamentals Of Nursing II) Chapter 25 Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance
Chapter 25 Fluid, Electrolyte, and Aci…
Water
The two largest constituents of the bo…
How does water vary?
...
Water serves four functions:... Is a vehicle for transporting su…
water and electrolytes
Amount varies with age, sex, and health status... Males: approxi…
Chapter 25 Fluid, Electrolyte, and Aci…
...
Water
Water serves four functions:... Is a vehicle for transporting su…
40 terms
Fundamentals of Nursing: Chapter 40: Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance
When caring for a client who is on int…
A nursing responsibility in managing I…
A nurse monitoring a client's IV infus…
The client is admitted to the nurse's…
Correct response: Apply a warm compress.... Explanation: Prolong…
Correct response: It is the responsibility of the nurse to pr…
Correct response: Notify the primary care provider immediatel…
Correct response: Fluid volume excess... Explanation: ... A common…
When caring for a client who is on int…
Correct response: Apply a warm compress.... Explanation: Prolong…
A nursing responsibility in managing I…
Correct response: It is the responsibility of the nurse to pr…
40 terms
Fundamentals of Nursing: Chapter 40: Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance
When caring for a client who is on int…
A nursing responsibility in managing I…
A nurse monitoring a client's IV infus…
The client is admitted to the nurse's…
Correct response: Apply a warm compress.... Explanation: Prolong…
Correct response: It is the responsibility of the nurse to pr…
Correct response: Notify the primary care provider immediatel…
Correct response: Fluid volume excess... Explanation: ... A common…
When caring for a client who is on int…
Correct response: Apply a warm compress.... Explanation: Prolong…
A nursing responsibility in managing I…
Correct response: It is the responsibility of the nurse to pr…
81 terms
Taylor Fundamentals of Nursing Chapter 39: Fluid, Electrolyte and Acid-Base Balance
Total Body Water (or Fluid)
Intercellular Fluid (ICF)
Extracellular Fluid (ECF)
Transcellular Fluid
Refers to the total amount of water, which is approximately 5…
- The fluid WITHIN cells... - 70% of the total body water ... - 50%…
- All the fluid OUTSIDE the cells... - 30% of total body water... -…
Includes cerbrospinal fluid, pericardial fluid, synovial flui…
Total Body Water (or Fluid)
Refers to the total amount of water, which is approximately 5…
Intercellular Fluid (ICF)
- The fluid WITHIN cells... - 70% of the total body water ... - 50%…
46 terms
Fundamentals of Nursing ch 40: Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance
acid
acidosis
active transport
agglutinin
susbstance containing a hydrogen ion that can be liberated or…
condition characterized by a proportionate excess of hydrogen…
movement of ions or molecules across cell membranes, usually…
an antibody that causes a clumping of specific antigens
acid
susbstance containing a hydrogen ion that can be liberated or…
acidosis
condition characterized by a proportionate excess of hydrogen…
172 terms
Fundamentals of Nursing - Chapter 41 - Fluid, Electrolyte & Acid-base balance
A
D
B
B
A patient who is comatose is admitted to the hospital with an…
A patient with a cardiac history is taking the diuretic furos…
Which of these patients do you expect will need teaching rega…
You teach patients to replace sweat, vomiting, or diarrhea fl…
A
A patient who is comatose is admitted to the hospital with an…
D
A patient with a cardiac history is taking the diuretic furos…
172 terms
Fundamentals of Nursing - Chapter 41 - Fluid, Electrolyte & Acid-base balance
A patient who is comatose is admitted…
A patient with a cardiac history is ta…
Which of these patients do you expect…
You teach patients to replace sweat, v…
A
D
B
B
A patient who is comatose is admitted…
A
A patient with a cardiac history is ta…
D
172 terms
Fundamentals of Nursing - Chapter 41 - Fluid, Electrolyte & Acid-base balance
A patient who is comatose is admitted…
A patient with a cardiac history is ta…
Which of these patients do you expect…
You teach patients to replace sweat, v…
A
D
B
B
A patient who is comatose is admitted…
A
A patient with a cardiac history is ta…
D
172 terms
Fundamentals of Nursing - Chapter 41 - Fluid, Electrolyte & Acid-base balance
A patient who is comatose is admitted…
A patient with a cardiac history is ta…
Which of these patients do you expect…
You teach patients to replace sweat, v…
A
D
B
B
A patient who is comatose is admitted…
A
A patient with a cardiac history is ta…
D
47 terms
Fundamentals of Nursing: Chapter 42 - Fluid, Electrolyte and Acid Base Balance
Blood transfusion
Objectives for administering blood tra…
What happens if incompatible blood is…
Individuals with type A blood
the IV administration of whole blood or a blood component suc…
1. Increasing circulating blood volume after surgery, trauma,…
Patient's antibodies trigger RBC destruction in a potentially…
Have A antigens on their RBCs and anti B antibodies in their…
Blood transfusion
the IV administration of whole blood or a blood component suc…
Objectives for administering blood tra…
1. Increasing circulating blood volume after surgery, trauma,…
25 terms
Fundamentals of Nursing Chapter 29 Fluids, Electrolytes & Acid Base Balance
Water accounts for ___ to ___ of the b…
Age & percentage water weight
body organs & percentage water weight
body fluids reside in one of two water…
50% - 70%
*adult males 60-65%... *adult females 55-60%... *older adults 50-55…
*lungs - 90%... *brain - 70%... *blood - 80-83%
-intracellular space ... -extracellular space
Water accounts for ___ to ___ of the b…
50% - 70%
Age & percentage water weight
*adult males 60-65%... *adult females 55-60%... *older adults 50-55…
40 terms
Fundamentals of Nursing: Chapter 40: Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance
When caring for a client who is on int…
A nursing responsibility in managing I…
A nurse monitoring a client's IV infus…
The client is admitted to the nurse's…
Correct response: Apply a warm compress.... Explanation: Prolong…
Correct response: It is the responsibility of the nurse to pr…
Correct response: Notify the primary care provider immediatel…
Correct response: Fluid volume excess... Explanation: ... A common…
When caring for a client who is on int…
Correct response: Apply a warm compress.... Explanation: Prolong…
A nursing responsibility in managing I…
Correct response: It is the responsibility of the nurse to pr…
172 terms
Fundamentals of Nursing - Chapter 41 - Fluid, Electrolyte & Acid-base balance
A patient who is comatose is admitted…
A patient with a cardiac history is ta…
Which of these patients do you expect…
You teach patients to replace sweat, v…
A
D
B
B
A patient who is comatose is admitted…
A
A patient with a cardiac history is ta…
D
Fundamentals of Nursing - Chapter 41 - Fluid, Electrolyte & Acid-base balance
A patient who is comatose is admitted…
A patient with a cardiac history is ta…
Which of these patients do you expect…
You teach patients to replace sweat, v…
A
D
B
B
A patient who is comatose is admitted…
A
A patient with a cardiac history is ta…
D
172 terms
Fundamentals of Nursing - Chapter 41 - Fluid, Electrolyte & Acid-base balance
A patient who is comatose is admitted…
A patient with a cardiac history is ta…
Which of these patients do you expect…
You teach patients to replace sweat, v…
A
D
B
B
A patient who is comatose is admitted…
A
A patient with a cardiac history is ta…
D
86 terms
Foundations of Nursing/Fluid, Electrolyte, & Acid Base Balance
Water Serves as 4 Functions
Males have approximately ____% of Wate…
Females have approximately ____% of Wa…
Infants and the elderly more easily af…
- Transports substances to and from the cells... - Aids in heat…
60%
50%
Fluid Balance
Water Serves as 4 Functions
- Transports substances to and from the cells... - Aids in heat…
Males have approximately ____% of Wate…
60%
65 terms
Nursing Theory ( Fluid, Electrolyte, Acid-base Balances
roller clamp
protective device
venipuncture
portable intravenous pole
to slow the infusion to prevent the accidental infusion of a…
designed to prevent accidental dislodgement of an IV catheter…
puncture of the skin
standard intravenous pole with wheels, helps patient get out…
roller clamp
to slow the infusion to prevent the accidental infusion of a…
protective device
designed to prevent accidental dislodgement of an IV catheter…
11 terms
Fluid, Electrolyte and acid based balance nursing diagnoses
Deficient fluid volume:
Excess fluid volume:
Risk for imbalanced fluid volume
Risk for deficient fluid volume
decreased intravascular, interstitial and/or intracellular fl…
Increased isotonic fluid retention
At risk for a decrease, increase, or rapid shift from one to…
at risk for experiencing vascular, cellular, or intracellular…
Deficient fluid volume:
decreased intravascular, interstitial and/or intracellular fl…
Excess fluid volume:
Increased isotonic fluid retention
16 terms
FUNDAMENTALS: Fluid and Electrolytes / Acid-Base Balance
Relationship between:... Calcium and Mag…
Sx of hyponatremia vs hypernatremia
Sx of hypokalemia vs hyperkalemia
Sx of hypocalcemia vs hypercalcemia
All are opposites!!
Hyponatremia:... • Heart effects dependent on fluid volume... • Bod…
Hypokalemia:... • Heart goes DOWN... • Body goes DOWN... • GI goes DOW…
Hypocalcemia:... • Heart goes DOWN... • Body goes UP... Hypercalcemia…
Relationship between:... Calcium and Mag…
All are opposites!!
Sx of hyponatremia vs hypernatremia
Hyponatremia:... • Heart effects dependent on fluid volume... • Bod…
122 terms
Fundamentals: Fluid Electrolytes and Acid-Base Balance
Diffusion
Osmosis
Filtration
Active transport
the movement of molecules/solutes through a semipermeable mem…
the one way passage of water through a semipermeable membrane…
fluid going through a filter under pressure or passage throug…
electrolytes move from a low concentration to a high concentr…
Diffusion
the movement of molecules/solutes through a semipermeable mem…
Osmosis
the one way passage of water through a semipermeable membrane…
37 terms
Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance NURSING 101
acid
acidosis
active transport
agglutinin
substance containing a hydrogen ion that can be liberated or…
condition characterized by a proportionate excess of hydrogen…
movement of ions or molecules across cell membranes, usually…
an antibody that causes a clumping of specific antigens
acid
substance containing a hydrogen ion that can be liberated or…
acidosis
condition characterized by a proportionate excess of hydrogen…
70 terms
Fluid, Electrolytes, and Acid-Based Balance (Fundamentals)
Hematocrit
Urine Specific Gravity
Homeostasis
Hydrostatic Pressure
- percentage of RBCs in plasma
- measures concentration of particles in urine
- a state of the body when maintaining a state of balance in…
- force that presses outward against a blood vessel wall
Hematocrit
- percentage of RBCs in plasma
Urine Specific Gravity
- measures concentration of particles in urine
51 terms
Fluid, Electrolyte, and acid-based balance Nursing
Acid
Acidosis
Active transport
Agglutinin
substance containing a hydrogen ion that can be liberated or…
condition characterized by a proportionate excess of hydrogen…
movement of ions or molecules across cell membranes, usually…
an antibody that causes a clumping of specific antigens
Acid
substance containing a hydrogen ion that can be liberated or…
Acidosis
condition characterized by a proportionate excess of hydrogen…
44 terms
Nursing- Fluid, Electrolytes, & Acid-Base Balance
Intracellular fluid
Extracellular fluid
Transcellular fluid
Active Transport
Fluid w/in cells; ~ 2/3 of total body water
Fluid outside cells; ~ 1/3 of total body water
CSF, Synovial, Pleural, Peritoneal
-Movement of ions against osmotic pressure to an area of high…
Intracellular fluid
Fluid w/in cells; ~ 2/3 of total body water
Extracellular fluid
Fluid outside cells; ~ 1/3 of total body water
10 terms
Nursing - Fluid, Electrolytes, Acid-Base Balance
Normal lvl of Sodium (Na+)
Normal lvl Potassium (K+)
Normal lvl of pH
Normal lvl of Bicarbonate (HCO3)
135 to 145
3.5 to 5
7.35 to 7.45
22 to 26
Normal lvl of Sodium (Na+)
135 to 145
Normal lvl Potassium (K+)
3.5 to 5
14 terms
Fundamentals of Nursing - Chapter 41 - Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance - Chp. Q's
A patient who is comatose is admitted…
A patient with a cardiac history is ta…
Which of these patients do you expect…
You teach patients to replace sweat, v…
A
D
B
B
A patient who is comatose is admitted…
A
A patient with a cardiac history is ta…
D
225 terms
Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance
Approximately, ___ % of the average he…
Water is vital to health and normal ce…
What factors affect total body water?
____ have the highest proportion of wa…
60
A medium for metabolic reactions within cells.... *A transport…
Age... body fat... Sex
Infants
Approximately, ___ % of the average he…
60
Water is vital to health and normal ce…
A medium for metabolic reactions within cells.... *A transport…
54 terms
Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance
Acidosis
active transports
alkalosis
Anion gap
a condition where cells tends to make blood relatively too ac…
sodium -potassium pump, moves sodium out of the cell and pota…
condition, blood relatively too basic ... * Respiratory alkalosi…
Difference between the concentrations of serum cations and an…
Acidosis
a condition where cells tends to make blood relatively too ac…
active transports
sodium -potassium pump, moves sodium out of the cell and pota…
14 terms
Fundamentals of Nursing - Chapter 41 - Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance - Chp. Q's
A patient who is comatose is admitted…
A patient with a cardiac history is ta…
Which of these patients do you expect…
You teach patients to replace sweat, v…
A
D
B
B
A patient who is comatose is admitted…
A
A patient with a cardiac history is ta…
D
90 terms
Fluid, electrolytes, acid base balance
Normal adult Potassium Level
Normal adult Sodium Level
Normal adult Calcium Level
Normal adult Magnesium Level
3.5-5.0 mEq/L
135-145 mEq/L
8.6-10.2 mEq/L
1.5-2.5 mEq/L
Normal adult Potassium Level
3.5-5.0 mEq/L
Normal adult Sodium Level
135-145 mEq/L
14 terms
Fundamentals of Nursing - Chapter 41 - Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance - Chp. Q's
A patient who is comatose is admitted…
A patient with a cardiac history is ta…
Which of these patients do you expect…
You teach patients to replace sweat, v…
A
D
B
B
A patient who is comatose is admitted…
A
A patient with a cardiac history is ta…
D
52 terms
Fundamentals of Nursing Ch. 41 Key Terms (Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance)
Acidosis
Active transport
Alkalosis
Anion gap
An abnormal increase in the hydrogen ion concentration in the…
Movement of materials across the cell membrane by means of ch…
An abnormal condition of body fluids, characterized by a tend…
Difference between the concentrations of serum cations and an…
Acidosis
An abnormal increase in the hydrogen ion concentration in the…
Active transport
Movement of materials across the cell membrane by means of ch…
Fundamentals of Nursing - Chapter 41 - Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance - Chp. Q's
A patient who is comatose is admitted…
A patient with a cardiac history is ta…
Which of these patients do you expect…
You teach patients to replace sweat, v…
A
D
B
B
A patient who is comatose is admitted…
A
A patient with a cardiac history is ta…
D
Fluid & Electrolyte and Acid-Base Balance
Describe the distribution of body flui…
Identify the pathophysiologic causes a…
Discuss the regulatory mechanisms of s…
Explain how ADH regulates the urine co…
Movement of fluid from ECF (plasma) to ICF (interstitial)... -el…
-Sodium is primarily increased with food and regulated by kid…
ADH determines whether the kidneys hold on to things or let t…
Describe the distribution of body flui…
Identify the pathophysiologic causes a…
Movement of fluid from ECF (plasma) to ICF (interstitial)... -el…
29 terms
Fluid, electrolyte and Acid-Base Balance (Fundamentals- chapter 41)
Output
Intake
Fluid compartments
ECF
Kidneys, lungs, feces, sweat, skin
Food and water/liquid
extracellular fluid (ECF)- outside the cells... intracellular fl…
intravascular fluid, interstitial fluid and transcellular fluid
Output
Kidneys, lungs, feces, sweat, skin
Intake
Food and water/liquid
121 terms
Fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base balance
What are some things that affect homeo…
Water-approx ___ of body weight?
What are the functions of water?
Factors affecting body water:
-age... -vital organs not working... -excessive temperatures... -vigor…
60%... -more in children and less in elderly
-medium for metabolic reaction within cells... -transporter for…
-Age... -Sex: females have less water due to more fat... *-Body f…
What are some things that affect homeo…
-age... -vital organs not working... -excessive temperatures... -vigor…
Water-approx ___ of body weight?
60%... -more in children and less in elderly
63 terms
Chapter 41: Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance Fundamentals
Approximately two thirds of the body's…
The process of passively moving water…
The nurse knows that edema in a patien…
The nurse understands that administeri…
Intracellular fluid accounts for approximately two thirds of…
The process of moving water from an area of low particle conc…
Venous congestion increases capillary hydrostatic pressure. I…
A hypertonic solution has a concentration greater than normal…
Approximately two thirds of the body's…
Intracellular fluid accounts for approximately two thirds of…
The process of passively moving water…
The process of moving water from an area of low particle conc…
14 terms
Fundamentals of Nursing - Chapter 41 - Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance - Chp. Q's
A patient who is comatose is admitted…
A patient with a cardiac history is ta…
Which of these patients do you expect…
You teach patients to replace sweat, v…
A
D
B
B
A patient who is comatose is admitted…
A
A patient with a cardiac history is ta…
D
120 terms
Nursing Concept II Chapter 39 Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance
Functions of Water in the Body
Two Compartments of Fluid in the Body
Intracellular fluid (ICF)
Extracellular fluid (ECF):
-Transporting nutrients to cells and wastes from cells ... -Tran…
Intracellular fluid (ICF): fluid within cells (70%)... Extracell…
fluid within cells (70%)
fluid outside cells (30%)... -Includes intravascular and interst…
Functions of Water in the Body
-Transporting nutrients to cells and wastes from cells ... -Tran…
Two Compartments of Fluid in the Body
Intracellular fluid (ICF): fluid within cells (70%)... Extracell…
63 terms
Chapter 41: Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance Fundamentals
Approximately two thirds of the body's…
The process of passively moving water…
The nurse knows that edema in a patien…
The nurse understands that administeri…
Intracellular
osmosis
hydrostatic
intracellular; extracellular
Approximately two thirds of the body's…
Intracellular
The process of passively moving water…
osmosis
55 terms
Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid/ Base Balance
What is Homeostasis?
What 2 major compartments are body flu…
Intravascular
Interstitial
- when the body works best... - it is when fluids and electrolyt…
- Intracellular (ICF)- fluid within cells = 2/3 of body water…
= in vascular system (plasma/blood)
= fluid between cells and in lymph system
What is Homeostasis?
- when the body works best... - it is when fluids and electrolyt…
What 2 major compartments are body flu…
- Intracellular (ICF)- fluid within cells = 2/3 of body water…
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