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Study sets matching "fluid base homeostasis"

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Study sets matching "fluid base homeostasis"

78 terms
Fluid, Electrolyte, & Acid-Base Homeostasis
1. Describe the average values for tot…
2. Identify the 2 major fluid compartm…
3. What proportion of total body water…
4. Identify the subdivisions of the ex…
Men = 60% - 70%... Women = 50% - 60%... Females have relatively mo…
Intracellular Fluid (ICF) Compartment... ~67% body water... - cel…
ICF = ~67% body water... ECF = ~33% body water
Plasma... - 20% ECF (3L)... - fluid portion of blood... Interstitia…
1. Describe the average values for tot…
Men = 60% - 70%... Women = 50% - 60%... Females have relatively mo…
2. Identify the 2 major fluid compartm…
Intracellular Fluid (ICF) Compartment... ~67% body water... - cel…
38 terms
Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid Base Homeostasis
regulating body fluid is important bec…
water is by far the largest component of
filtration, reabsorption, diffusion an…
kidneys other job
the processes maintain the required proportions of water and…
the body making up 55-80% of total body mass (75% average)
filtration--in kidneys, reabsorption--everywhere else...conti…
maintaining composition of water and salts in the body's cari…
regulating body fluid is important bec…
the processes maintain the required proportions of water and…
water is by far the largest component of
the body making up 55-80% of total body mass (75% average)
70 terms
Fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base homeostasis
2 main fluid compartments
barriers separating the 2 fluid compar…
Fluid balance of water vs solutes
"insensible" water loss =
intracellular (which holds 2/3 of body fluids)... *extracellul…
the plasma membrane and blood vessel walls
water should be 45-75% of body mass
sweating
2 main fluid compartments
intracellular (which holds 2/3 of body fluids)... *extracellul…
barriers separating the 2 fluid compar…
the plasma membrane and blood vessel walls
64 terms
Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Homeostasis
Aldosterone
Anasarca
Anion
Anion gap
A hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex that increases blood…
Edema that is generalized throughout the body.
A negatively charged electrolyte.
The difference between the sum of cations and anions found in…
Aldosterone
A hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex that increases blood…
Anasarca
Edema that is generalized throughout the body.
64 terms
Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Homeostasis
Aldosterone
Anasarca
Anion
Anion gap
A hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex that increases blood…
Edema that is generalized throughout the body.
A negatively charged electrolyte.
The difference between the sum of cations and anions found in…
Aldosterone
A hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex that increases blood…
Anasarca
Edema that is generalized throughout the body.
Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Homeostasis
What are body fluids?
What are the two main "compartments" w…
What is intracellular fluid (ICF)?
What is extracellular fluid (ECF)?
- the water and dissolved solutes throughout the body... - const…
- inside cells (INTRACELLULAR FLUID)... - outside cells (EXTRACE…
aka cytosol... - makes up about 2/3 of body fluid
- makes about the other 1/3 of body fluid... - includes all othe…
What are body fluids?
- the water and dissolved solutes throughout the body... - const…
What are the two main "compartments" w…
- inside cells (INTRACELLULAR FLUID)... - outside cells (EXTRACE…
30 terms
Fluid, Electrolyte, & Acid-Base Homeostasis
Body Fluid
Water Gain & Loss
Regulation of Water and Solute Loss
Renal Reabsorption Regulation Hormones
-intracellular fluid: 2/3 of body fluid, also called cytosol,…
GAIN: about 2500mL ... -200 mL Metabolic water... -700mL ingested f…
-the extent of urinary salt(NaCl) loss is the main factor tha…
-three hormones help reabsorption of Na+ ad Cl-... 1. Angiotensi…
Body Fluid
-intracellular fluid: 2/3 of body fluid, also called cytosol,…
Water Gain & Loss
GAIN: about 2500mL ... -200 mL Metabolic water... -700mL ingested f…
Fluid, Electrolyte, Acid - Base Homeostasis
fluid balance
electrolyte
acidosis
alkalosis
is when the required amounts of water and solutes are both pr…
substance in a solution that conducts an electrical current
pH below 7.35
pH above 7.45
fluid balance
is when the required amounts of water and solutes are both pr…
electrolyte
substance in a solution that conducts an electrical current
147 terms
fluid, electrolyte, & acid-base homeostasis
Increases extracellularpotassium means…
To maintain potassium balance, urinary…
[extracellular] = 4.5 mM, [intracellul…
Most potassium extracellular or in the…
elevated excitability!
urinary excretion of potassium must equal intake.
150 mM
Intracelllular
Increases extracellularpotassium means…
elevated excitability!
To maintain potassium balance, urinary…
urinary excretion of potassium must equal intake.
44 terms
Fluid, Electrolytes, & Acid-Base Homeostasis
Body fluids
55-60% of adult lean body mass
intracellular fluid (ICF)
extracellular fluid (ECF)
water + solutes... 55-60 % of body mass... different compartments
typical body fluid
2/3
1/3
Body fluids
water + solutes... 55-60 % of body mass... different compartments
55-60% of adult lean body mass
typical body fluid
62 terms
Fluid, Electrolyte and Acid-Base Homeostasis
body fluids
intracellular fluid (cytosol)
extracellular fluid
interstitial fluid
water and dissolved solutes throughout the body. makes up 55%…
fluid within the cells, about 2/3 of the body fluid
fluid outside the cell, about 1/3 of the body fluid. about 80…
Fluid in the spaces between cells, makes up 80% of ECF, inclu…
body fluids
water and dissolved solutes throughout the body. makes up 55%…
intracellular fluid (cytosol)
fluid within the cells, about 2/3 of the body fluid
41 terms
Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Homeostasis
Most prominent positively charged ions:
Most prominent negatively charged ions:
Sodium
Potassium
hydrogen, sodium, potassium, magnesium, calcium
chloride, sulfate, phosphate, bicarbonate
found outside the cell
found inside the cell
Most prominent positively charged ions:
hydrogen, sodium, potassium, magnesium, calcium
Most prominent negatively charged ions:
chloride, sulfate, phosphate, bicarbonate
18 terms
fluid, electrolyte and acid base homeostasis
barriers that separate intracellular f…
fluid balance
electrolytes
fluid balance related to
plasma membrane: intracellularFluid from interstitialFluid... bl…
required amounts of... water and solutes are present and are cor…
majority of solutes in body fluids
electrolyte balance
barriers that separate intracellular f…
plasma membrane: intracellularFluid from interstitialFluid... bl…
fluid balance
required amounts of... water and solutes are present and are cor…
56 terms
Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Homeostasis
Body fluids constitute between ___ and…
intracellular fluid (ICF)
extracellular fluid (ECF)
interstitial fluid
55% and 60%
cytosol... -the fluid within cells... 2/3's of body fluid
outside the cells and includes all other body fluids... 1/3's o…
80% of ECF... -occupies microscopic spaces between tissue cells
Body fluids constitute between ___ and…
55% and 60%
intracellular fluid (ICF)
cytosol... -the fluid within cells... 2/3's of body fluid
37 terms
Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Homeostasis
How can fluid loss occur
Transcellular fluid
Isotonic fluid
Hypotonic fluid
Sweating, vomiting, urination, breathing, bleeding, via medic…
"third space"; places it shouldn't be ex. Pericardial effusion
causes no fluid shift into/out of cells. Given for dehydratio…
lower solute concentrations outside cell causing fluids to sh…
How can fluid loss occur
Sweating, vomiting, urination, breathing, bleeding, via medic…
Transcellular fluid
"third space"; places it shouldn't be ex. Pericardial effusion
27 terms
Fluid Electrolyte Acid Base Homeostasis
What are the most abundant cations and…
What are the most abundant cations and…
This ion accounts for 90% of extracell…
This ion accounts for maintaining flui…
Sodium and Chloride
Potassium and proteins and phosphates
sodium
sodium
What are the most abundant cations and…
Sodium and Chloride
What are the most abundant cations and…
Potassium and proteins and phosphates
15 terms
fluid, electrolytes and acid base homeostasis
oxygen/ Hgb dissociative curve
as the temperature decreases +pH incre…
as the temperature increases+pH decrea…
normal Ph
based on pH and temperature
increases so more hemoglobin can attach
decreases so less hemoglobin can attach
7.35 to 7.45
oxygen/ Hgb dissociative curve
based on pH and temperature
as the temperature decreases +pH incre…
increases so more hemoglobin can attach
169 terms
Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Homeostasis
What is intracellular fluid?
What is extracellular fluid?
What is interstitial fluid?
What is intravascular fluid?
Fluid that is found inside the cells and makes up 2/3 of the…
Fluid that is found outside of the cells and makes up 1/3 of…
A type of extracellular fluid found between the cells which m…
A type of extracellular fluid found inside the blood vessels…
What is intracellular fluid?
Fluid that is found inside the cells and makes up 2/3 of the…
What is extracellular fluid?
Fluid that is found outside of the cells and makes up 1/3 of…
40 terms
Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-base homeostasis
Balance w/ respect to fluids, electrol…
Body fluid
electrolyte
acid
...
encompass all body's water-based liquids... -blood plasma, inter…
substances that dissociate into ions when placesd in water... -c…
a chemical that dissociates in water to release a hydrogen io…
Balance w/ respect to fluids, electrol…
...
Body fluid
encompass all body's water-based liquids... -blood plasma, inter…
67 terms
Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid Base Homeostasis
substance that dissociates into ions w…
base
gastric juice with a pH of 2... the lowe…
water
An electrolyte is a __________.
Bicarbonate is an example of a(n) __________.... The bicarbonat…
Which of the following substances is the most acidic?
What is the main component of all body fluids?
substance that dissociates into ions w…
An electrolyte is a __________.
base
Bicarbonate is an example of a(n) __________.... The bicarbonat…
40 terms
Fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base homeostasis
Intracellular fluids
#1 ion in intracellular fluids
Extracellular fluid
#1 ion in extracellular fluid
located inside your cells
K+ ions due to sodium potassium pump
fluid outside the cells. Most of this fluid consists of inter…
Na+.
Intracellular fluids
located inside your cells
#1 ion in intracellular fluids
K+ ions due to sodium potassium pump
10 terms
Fluid, Electrolyte and Acid-base homeostasis
ICF
ECF
Fluid balance
Fluid
Intracellular Fluid
extracellular Fluid
when the body requires amounts of water and solutes are prese…
Water that contains dissolved or suspended substance such as…
ICF
Intracellular Fluid
ECF
extracellular Fluid
67 terms
Fluid, electrolyte and acid base homeostasis
differentiate between intracellular an…
___ % of ECF is _____fluid and the rem…
define fluid balance (parts)
fluid balance means ____ contain the r…
water; body fluids. - About 2/3rds of the body's fluid is loc…
80; intracellular ; blood plasma
definition, osmosis, solutes, FB + H2O Balance
the various body compartments; amount of water; their needs
differentiate between intracellular an…
water; body fluids. - About 2/3rds of the body's fluid is loc…
___ % of ECF is _____fluid and the rem…
80; intracellular ; blood plasma
64 terms
Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid Base Homeostasis
An electrolyte is a __________.
Bicarbonate is an example of a(n) ____…
Which of the following substances is t…
What is the main component of all body…
Substance that dissociates into ions when placed in water
Base
Gastric juice with a pH of 2
Water
An electrolyte is a __________.
Substance that dissociates into ions when placed in water
Bicarbonate is an example of a(n) ____…
Base
25 terms
Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Homeostasis
body fluids
extracellular fluids
fluid balance
water
40% solid 60% fluids... 2/3 intracellular fluid, 1/3 extracellul…
found in lymph in lymph vessels, cerebrospinal fluid, and GI…
water and solutes are correctly proportioned
water loss = water gain... gain - ingestion, metabolic water... los…
body fluids
40% solid 60% fluids... 2/3 intracellular fluid, 1/3 extracellul…
extracellular fluids
found in lymph in lymph vessels, cerebrospinal fluid, and GI…
35 terms
fluid, electrolyte and acid base homeostasis
fluid balance
principle of mass balance
electrolytes
acid
study of maintaining volume and concentration of body's intra…
states what is gained by body must equal what is lost by body
substances that break apart into ions, or charged particles,…
chemical that dissociates in water to release a hydrogen ion…
fluid balance
study of maintaining volume and concentration of body's intra…
principle of mass balance
states what is gained by body must equal what is lost by body
59 terms
Fluid, Electrolyte, Acid-Base Homeostasis
Which of the following dissociates int…
Determine the pH value that represents…
Water obeys the principle of mass bala…
Which of the following accounts for th…
electrolyte
pH of 10
True
cytosol
Which of the following dissociates int…
electrolyte
Determine the pH value that represents…
pH of 10
29 terms
Fluid, electrolyte, and acid base homeostasis
intracellular fluid
extracellular fluid
plasma membrane
blood vessel walls
fluid within the cells (2/3 of body)
1/3 of body fluid ... - 80% is interstitial fluid ... -20% is blood…
separate intracellular fluid from interstitial fluid
divide interstitial fluid from blood plasma
intracellular fluid
fluid within the cells (2/3 of body)
extracellular fluid
1/3 of body fluid ... - 80% is interstitial fluid ... -20% is blood…
22 terms
Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Homeostasis
difference between intracellular and e…
major types of extracellular fluids
fluid balance
sources of body water gain
ICF=inside cell (65%) ECF=outside cell (35%)
interstitial fluid and plasma(blood cells)
2,500 mL/day
performed water(2,300)=drink(1,600) and food(700); metabolic(…
difference between intracellular and e…
ICF=inside cell (65%) ECF=outside cell (35%)
major types of extracellular fluids
interstitial fluid and plasma(blood cells)
Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Homeostasis
Intracellular Fluid
Extracellular Fluid
Interstitial
Intravascular
Fluid found inside the cell.
Fluid found outside the cell.
A fluid compartment between the cells.
A fluid compartment inside the blood vessels.
Intracellular Fluid
Fluid found inside the cell.
Extracellular Fluid
Fluid found outside the cell.
homeostasis: fluid and electrolytes; acid/base
Fluid and electrolyte balance
osmolality
sodium range
potassium range
process of regulating the extracellular fluid volume, body fl…
270-300 based on sodium
136-145
3.5-5
Fluid and electrolyte balance
process of regulating the extracellular fluid volume, body fl…
osmolality
270-300 based on sodium
43 terms
fluid, electrolyte and acid-base homeostasis
Which of the following makes up the la…
Which imbalance results when systemic…
Which of the following is the most ple…
Buffer systems, exhaling carbon dioxid…
water
metabolic acidosis
monohydrogen phosphate ion
ways of controlling H+ levels in the body
Which of the following makes up the la…
water
Which imbalance results when systemic…
metabolic acidosis
33 terms
Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Homeostasis
Intracellular Fluid (ICF)
Extracellular (ECF)
Transcellular
High osmolarity
2/3 body water, small amount of NaCl, bicarb, large K+
plasma (intravascular) & interstitial, 1/3 body water, large…
cavities (peritoneal, pleural, pericardial) and cerebrospinal…
thirst to promote increased water intake, ADH release causes…
Intracellular Fluid (ICF)
2/3 body water, small amount of NaCl, bicarb, large K+
Extracellular (ECF)
plasma (intravascular) & interstitial, 1/3 body water, large…
Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Homeostasis
body fluids make up what total body mass
two main compartments of body fluids
intracellular fluids are
extracellular fluid is
55 and 65 %
inside cells which are 2/3 and outside cells which are 1/3
cytosol
interstitial fluid which is 80 % and blood plasma which is 20 %
body fluids make up what total body mass
55 and 65 %
two main compartments of body fluids
inside cells which are 2/3 and outside cells which are 1/3
32 terms
Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Homeostasis
Sodium
Sodium
Sodium
Antidiuretic hormone
Most abundant (90%) extracellular cation
Required to generate an action potential
Levels controlled by several different hormones like the anti…
When sodium levels are too low ADH secretion stops causing th…
Sodium
Most abundant (90%) extracellular cation
Sodium
Required to generate an action potential
141 terms
Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Homeostasis
body fluids
What are examples of body fluids?
fluid balance
What are the functions of water in the…
term used to encompass all of the body's water-based liquids
blood plasma, interstitial fluid, cytosol, cerebrospinal flui…
study of maintaining appropriate volume and concentration of…
- polar solvent... - distribution of heat... - cushioning of organs…
body fluids
term used to encompass all of the body's water-based liquids
What are examples of body fluids?
blood plasma, interstitial fluid, cytosol, cerebrospinal flui…
35 terms
Fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base homeostasis
Acidosis
Alkalosis
What organ excretes fixed acids and re…
Major blood base?
Causes depression of CNS... Coma
Excitability of nervous tissue... Spasms convulsions and death
Kidney
HCO3 controlled in nephron of kidney
Acidosis
Causes depression of CNS... Coma
Alkalosis
Excitability of nervous tissue... Spasms convulsions and death
151 terms
Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid Base Homeostasis
- Term used to encompass all of the bo…
study of maintaining appropriate volum…
4 key functions of water in the body
States that what is gained by the body…
body fluids
fluid balance
- polar solvent... - distribution of heat... - cushioning of organs…
Principle of Mass Balance
- Term used to encompass all of the bo…
body fluids
study of maintaining appropriate volum…
fluid balance
Fluids and Electrolytes and Acid-Base homeostasis
what is body fluid?
How is body fluid distributed in the b…
Name the three compartments of the body.
What separates the body fluid into com…
The term body fluid refers to the body water and all the diss…
Two-thirds of body fluid is located within the cells and is t…
intracellular, interstitial, and plasma.
Selectively permeable cell membranes separate body fluids int…
what is body fluid?
The term body fluid refers to the body water and all the diss…
How is body fluid distributed in the b…
Two-thirds of body fluid is located within the cells and is t…
111 terms
Fluid, Electrolyte, and acid-base homeostasis
What is homeostasis?
How much fluid makes up total body wei…
How much fluid makes up intracellular…
How much fluid makes up extracellular…
maintain the delicate balance of the body that is homeostasis
60%
40%
20%
What is homeostasis?
maintain the delicate balance of the body that is homeostasis
How much fluid makes up total body wei…
60%
20 terms
Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Homeostasis
What is the total % of body weight fro…
What are the 2 types of fluids?
Regulation of Water Gain
Water & Solute Loss
55-60%
Intracellular/Extracellular
Depends on how much fluid you take in
Mostly lost in urine
What is the total % of body weight fro…
55-60%
What are the 2 types of fluids?
Intracellular/Extracellular
Fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base homeostasis
Intracellular fluid
Extracellular fluid
Normal fluid intake
Normal fluid loss
All fluid contained inside cells, and comprises 2/3 of all bo…
All fluid outside the confines of the plasma membranes, and c…
-Ingestion: 2300mL/day... -Metabolic synthesis of water: 200mL/day
-Kidneys: 1500mL/day... -Evaporation from skin: 600mL/day... -Exhal…
Intracellular fluid
All fluid contained inside cells, and comprises 2/3 of all bo…
Extracellular fluid
All fluid outside the confines of the plasma membranes, and c…
140 terms
Fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base homeostasis
what are body fluids
what are water based liquids
what is fluid balance
what are the function son water in the…
term used to encompass all of the body's water-based liquids
blood plasma, interstitial fluid, cytosol, cerebrospinal flui…
study of maintaining appropriate volume and concentration of…
polar solvent, distribution of heat, cushioning of organs, an…
what are body fluids
term used to encompass all of the body's water-based liquids
what are water based liquids
blood plasma, interstitial fluid, cytosol, cerebrospinal flui…
90 terms
Chapter 27: Fluid, Electrolyte and Acid-Base Homeostasis
Body Fluids
Intracellular Fluid (ICF)
Extracellular Fluid (ECF)
Interstitial Fluid
The water and dissolved solutes throughout the body.... -Regulat…
-Fluid within the cells... -2/3 of body fluid is ICF or Cystol (
-Fluid outside the cells... -80% of ECF is interstitial fluid... -2…
occupies spaces BETWEEN tissue cells
Body Fluids
The water and dissolved solutes throughout the body.... -Regulat…
Intracellular Fluid (ICF)
-Fluid within the cells... -2/3 of body fluid is ICF or Cystol (
145 terms
FLUID, ELECTROLYTE, AND ACID-BASE HOMEOSTASIS
2/3 OF BODY FLUID IS WHAT?
WHAT IS THE REMAINING 1/3 OF BODY FLUID?
EXTRACELLULAR FLUID IS MADE UP OF AN 8…
WHAT ARE THE TWO GENERAL BARRIERS WHIC…
INTRACELLULAR FLUID, THE FLUID WITHIN CELLS
EXTRACELLULAR FLUID, OUTSIDE CELLS AND INCLUDES ALL OTHER BOD…
80% INTERSTITIAL FLUID (FILLS MICROSCOPIC SPACES BETWEEN TISS…
(1) THE PLASMA MEMBRANE OF INDIVIDUAL CELLS SEPARATES INTRACE…
2/3 OF BODY FLUID IS WHAT?
INTRACELLULAR FLUID, THE FLUID WITHIN CELLS
WHAT IS THE REMAINING 1/3 OF BODY FLUID?
EXTRACELLULAR FLUID, OUTSIDE CELLS AND INCLUDES ALL OTHER BOD…
16 terms
Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Homeostasis
Intracellular Fluid
Extracellular Fluid
Sources of body water and solutes (6)
Regulation of increased blood osmolarity
2/3 of body fluids... Intracellular is the fluid compartment wit…
1/3 of body fluids... 80% is interstitial fluid including lymph,…
1) Ingestion... 2) Synthesis (cellular respiration)... 3) GI tract…
a) Osmoreceptors in hypothalamus detect change in osmolarity…
Intracellular Fluid
2/3 of body fluids... Intracellular is the fluid compartment wit…
Extracellular Fluid
1/3 of body fluids... 80% is interstitial fluid including lymph,…
53 terms
Fluid, Electrolyte, and acid base Homeostasis
Describe average values for total body…
Identify the two major fluid compartme…
What proportion of total body water is…
Identify the subdivisions of the extra…
a healthy man in about 60% water and a healthy woman is 50%.…
intracellular fluid compartment and extracellular fluid compa…
2/3 are intra (40% of body weight) and about 1/3 is extracell…
1)plasma, the fluid portion of the blood ... 2) interstitial flu…
Describe average values for total body…
a healthy man in about 60% water and a healthy woman is 50%.…
Identify the two major fluid compartme…
intracellular fluid compartment and extracellular fluid compa…
97 terms
Chapter 27: Fluid, Electrolyte and Acid-Base Homeostasis
Body Fluids
what maintains homeostasis of the body…
Intracellular Fluid (ICF)
Extracellular Fluid (ECF)
The water and dissolved solutes throughout the body.... -constit…
Regulatory Mechanisms involving the kidneys and other organs
-Fluid within the cells... -2/3 of body fluid is ICF or Cystol
-Fluid outside the cells... -80% of ECF is interstitial fluid... -2…
Body Fluids
The water and dissolved solutes throughout the body.... -constit…
what maintains homeostasis of the body…
Regulatory Mechanisms involving the kidneys and other organs
46 terms
Fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base homeostasis
What are the 2 main body fluid compart…
Fluid and electrolyte balance is regul…
This stimulates H2O conservation and t…
This stimulates Na+ reabsorption and K…
Intracellular fluid and extracellular fluid
1) antidiuretic hormone (ADH)... 2) Aldosterone... 3) Natriuretic p…
Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH)
Aldosterone
What are the 2 main body fluid compart…
Intracellular fluid and extracellular fluid
Fluid and electrolyte balance is regul…
1) antidiuretic hormone (ADH)... 2) Aldosterone... 3) Natriuretic p…
48 terms
Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid Base Homeostasis
An electrolyte is a __________.
Bicarbonate is an example of a(n) ____…
Which of the following substances is t…
What is the main component of all body…
substance that dissociates into ions when placed in water
base
gastric juice with a pH of 2
water
An electrolyte is a __________.
substance that dissociates into ions when placed in water
Bicarbonate is an example of a(n) ____…
base
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