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Study sets matching "fluid chapter 27"

20 terms
chapter 27 fluid balance
intracellular vs extracellular
fluid excess
extracellular compartments
fluid movement among compartments
inside the cell or outside the cell
less common but two types volume excess and hypotonic hydrati…
major - interstitial fluid of peripheral tissues & plasma of…
regulated by osmotic and hydrostatic pressure, water moves fr…
intracellular vs extracellular
inside the cell or outside the cell
fluid excess
less common but two types volume excess and hypotonic hydrati…
27 terms
Chapter 27-Fluid
sodium
chloride
electrolytes
bicarbonate
the most abundant extracelluar cation, essential in fluid and…
most prevalent extracellular anion, can help balance the leve…
inorganic substances that dissociate into ions when in solution
second most prevalent extracellular anion, mainly regulated b…
sodium
the most abundant extracelluar cation, essential in fluid and…
chloride
most prevalent extracellular anion, can help balance the leve…
22 terms
Chapter 27 - Fluid Balance
Intracellular Fluid
Extracellular Fluid
Water
Dehydration
IFC; 2/3 of body water; cytosol
EFC; 1/3 of body water; 20% is blood plasma and 80% is inters…
largest component of the human body
water loss is greater than water gain
Intracellular Fluid
IFC; 2/3 of body water; cytosol
Extracellular Fluid
EFC; 1/3 of body water; 20% is blood plasma and 80% is inters…
65 terms
Chapter 27 fluid
what is the largest single component o…
main function of the kidney's?
intracellular fluid is
extracellular fluid
water making up 55-80%
maintaining the composition of water and salts in the body's…
fluid inside cells, and comprises 2/3 of all body fluids
outside of the cells plasma membrane ... 1/3 of all body fluid
what is the largest single component o…
water making up 55-80%
main function of the kidney's?
maintaining the composition of water and salts in the body's…
33 terms
Chapter 27 Fluid
2/3
Interstitial fluid
Water
Metabolic water
How much of the total volume of body fluid is intracellular f…
80% of the extracellular fluid is
This is the largest single component of the human body.
This is produced when electrons are accepted by oxygen during…
2/3
How much of the total volume of body fluid is intracellular f…
Interstitial fluid
80% of the extracellular fluid is
31 terms
Fluid chapter 27
Body fluids constitute - in females
Body fluids constitue - in males
Intracellular fluid in the cell
Extracellular Fluid outside the cell
55%
60%
2/3 of total volume of body fluids
80% is interstitial fluid... 20% is plasma in blood
Body fluids constitute - in females
55%
Body fluids constitue - in males
60%
40 terms
Chapter 27: Fluid Homeostasis
Intracellular fluid (ICF)
Interstitial-extracellular fluid (ECF)
Two places of exchange between compart…
Fluid balance
Inside cells
Around cells
-Membrane of cells separate intracellular fluid from intersti…
Water gain must equal water loss
Intracellular fluid (ICF)
Inside cells
Interstitial-extracellular fluid (ECF)
Around cells
12 terms
Chapter 27: Fluid Homeostasis
Balance
Electrolytes
Osmosis
Metabolic Water
It is measured by volume of body fluids, composition of body…
Inorganic compound that ???????? into ions in water (often sa…
The diffusion of a solvent across a selectively permeable mem…
Regulation of water gain that varies with metabolic rate (ATP…
Balance
It is measured by volume of body fluids, composition of body…
Electrolytes
Inorganic compound that ???????? into ions in water (often sa…
31 terms
Chapter 27 Fluid Homeostasis
Membrane of cells separate intracellul…
Electrolyte Functions
Common electrolyte: Sodium
ANP
Two places of exchange between compartments
control osmosis between fluid compartments ... 2. help mainta…
most abundant extracellular ion which maintains water balance…
increases sodium and water excretion if they are too high
Membrane of cells separate intracellul…
Two places of exchange between compartments
Electrolyte Functions
control osmosis between fluid compartments ... 2. help mainta…
52 terms
fluid electrolytes chapter 27
RAAS... renin angiotensin aldosterone sys…
Main function of RAAS
ANP... Atrial natriuretic peptide
ADH
in response to low bp or low serum sodium RAAS kicks in to he…
this is triggered when RENIN is released from the kidneys whe…
it is a cardiac hormone does the opposite, it stops RAAS... this…
Antidiuretic hormone is produced in the hypothalamus then sto…
RAAS... renin angiotensin aldosterone sys…
in response to low bp or low serum sodium RAAS kicks in to he…
Main function of RAAS
this is triggered when RENIN is released from the kidneys whe…
22 terms
Chapter 27 - Fluid Balance
Intracellular Fluid
Extracellular Fluid
Water
Dehydration
IFC; 2/3 of body water; cytosol
EFC; 1/3 of body water; 20% is blood plasma and 80% is inters…
largest component of the human body
water loss is greater than water gain
Intracellular Fluid
IFC; 2/3 of body water; cytosol
Extracellular Fluid
EFC; 1/3 of body water; 20% is blood plasma and 80% is inters…
32 terms
Chapter 27- Fluid Homeostasis
ICF
ECF
cell membrane
capillary walls
inside cell fluid
around cell fluid
separates intracellular fluid from interstitial fluid
separates interstitial fluid from plasma
ICF
inside cell fluid
ECF
around cell fluid
32 terms
Chapter 27 - Fluid, Electrolyte, & Acid-Base Homeostasis
Osmosis
Osmotic Pressure
Water
Composition of Water & Salts Regulation
>Diffusion of water (solvent) across a selectively permeable…
Force required to prevent water from moving across a membrane…
>By far the largest single component of body ... >Makes up 55-80…
In addition to its job of filtering & excreting waste product…
Osmosis
>Diffusion of water (solvent) across a selectively permeable…
Osmotic Pressure
Force required to prevent water from moving across a membrane…
36 terms
Chapter 27 Fluids
The human body requires constant atten…
______ is by far the largest simple co…
The kidneys are in charge of taking th…
Intracellular fluids is _____________,…
regulating body fluid
Water
composition of water and salts
all contained inside cells
The human body requires constant atten…
regulating body fluid
______ is by far the largest simple co…
Water
36 terms
Chapter 27 Fluids
The human body requires constant atten…
______ is by far the largest simple co…
The kidneys are in charge of taking th…
Intracellular fluids is _____________,…
regulating body fluid
Water
composition of water and salts
all contained inside cells
The human body requires constant atten…
regulating body fluid
______ is by far the largest simple co…
Water
39 terms
Chapter 27 Fluid Homeostasis
intracellular fluid
extracellular fluid
fluid balance
electrolyte balance
inside cells
around cells
water gain must equal water loss
ionic compounds that dissociate in water to form ions... requir…
intracellular fluid
inside cells
extracellular fluid
around cells
48 terms
Chapter 27 - Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Homeostasis
What constitutes fluids?
Describe the fluid compartments and fl…
Figure 27.1: Body Fluid Compartments
Describe the sources of body water gai…
Water and solutes throughout the body.
Body Fluids:... - In lean adults ... - 55-60% of total body mass.…
The term body fluid refers to body water and its dissolved su…
Body gains water through ingestion and metabolic synthesis.…
What constitutes fluids?
Water and solutes throughout the body.
Describe the fluid compartments and fl…
Body Fluids:... - In lean adults ... - 55-60% of total body mass.…
34 terms
Chapter 27 - Fluid, Electrolyte, & Acid-Base Homeostasis
This is the largest single component o…
Water
Normal fluid intake is through:
Normal fluid loss is through:
B) Water
- Is by far the largest single component of the body making u…
- Ingestion of liquids and moist foods (2300mL/day)... - Metabol…
- The kidneys (1500mL/day)... - Evaporation from the skin (600mL…
This is the largest single component o…
B) Water
Water
- Is by far the largest single component of the body making u…
97 terms
Chapter 27: Fluid, Electrolyte and Acid-Base Homeostasis
Body Fluids
what maintains homeostasis of the body…
Intracellular Fluid (ICF)
Extracellular Fluid (ECF)
The water and dissolved solutes throughout the body.... -constit…
Regulatory Mechanisms involving the kidneys and other organs
-Fluid within the cells... -2/3 of body fluid is ICF or Cystol
-Fluid outside the cells... -80% of ECF is interstitial fluid... -2…
Body Fluids
The water and dissolved solutes throughout the body.... -constit…
what maintains homeostasis of the body…
Regulatory Mechanisms involving the kidneys and other organs
13 terms
Chapter 27 Fluid Balance
intracellular compartment (IFC)
extracellular fluid (EFC)
a fluid reserve
towards more concentrated area
makes up about 40% of the body weight
made of the interstitial fluid, plasma, and lymph fluid... makes…
What does the IFC serve as?
Which direction does water move?
intracellular compartment (IFC)
makes up about 40% of the body weight
extracellular fluid (EFC)
made of the interstitial fluid, plasma, and lymph fluid... makes…
59 terms
fluid electrolytes chapter 27
RAAS... renin angiotensin aldosterone sys…
Main function of RAAS
the adrenal glands
thyroid
in response to low bp or low serum sodium RAAS kicks in to he…
this is triggered when RENIN is released from the kidneys whe…
The adrenal glands secrete aldosterone, a mineralocorticoid h…
Thyroxine, released by the thyroid gland, increases blood flo…
RAAS... renin angiotensin aldosterone sys…
in response to low bp or low serum sodium RAAS kicks in to he…
Main function of RAAS
this is triggered when RENIN is released from the kidneys whe…
Chapter 27 Body Fluid Homeostasis
Electrolyte
Dehydration
Water intoxication
mM vs mEq
Substance that produces an electrically conducting solution w…
Condition caused by the excessive loss of water from the body…
"Water poisoning", potentially fatal disturbance in brain fun…
...
Electrolyte
Substance that produces an electrically conducting solution w…
Dehydration
Condition caused by the excessive loss of water from the body…
90 terms
Chapter 27: Fluid, Electrolyte and Acid-Base Homeostasis
Body Fluids
Intracellular Fluid (ICF)
Extracellular Fluid (ECF)
Interstitial Fluid
The water and dissolved solutes throughout the body.... -Regulat…
-Fluid within the cells... -2/3 of body fluid is ICF or Cystol (
-Fluid outside the cells... -80% of ECF is interstitial fluid... -2…
occupies spaces BETWEEN tissue cells
Body Fluids
The water and dissolved solutes throughout the body.... -Regulat…
Intracellular Fluid (ICF)
-Fluid within the cells... -2/3 of body fluid is ICF or Cystol (
41 terms
Chapter 27 fluid and electrolyte balance
average body fluid
2/3s
1/3
80%, 20%
about 55-60% of the total body weight, water is the main comp…
about _/_s of the body's fluid is located in cells and is cal…
about _/_ of the body's fluid is located outside of the cells…
about __% of the ECF is interstitial fluid and __% is blood p…
average body fluid
about 55-60% of the total body weight, water is the main comp…
2/3s
about _/_s of the body's fluid is located in cells and is cal…
21 terms
Chapter 27: Nutrition and fluids
what is the major function of vitamin A
what is the major function of vitamin D
what is the major function of vitamin E
what is the major function of vitamin K
- vision
- Absorbing and metabolising calcium and phosphorus
- Forming RBC and muscle function
- blood clotting
what is the major function of vitamin A
- vision
what is the major function of vitamin D
- Absorbing and metabolising calcium and phosphorus
29 terms
Chapter 27: Fluid Balance (start)
Extracellular Fluid (ECF)
Intracellular Fluid (ICF)
Active Maintenance
Fluid Balance
interstitial fluid, plasma, etc.
found in cytoplasm
of both ECF and ICF is important to cell functions
amount of water you gain each day is equal to losses
Extracellular Fluid (ECF)
interstitial fluid, plasma, etc.
Intracellular Fluid (ICF)
found in cytoplasm
37 terms
Chapter 27: Fluid Balance (end)
H+ control
Buffers
Buffer Systems
Phosphate Buffer System
needed in maintaining pH balance long term... -digestive tract…
resis pH changing by absorbing or releasing H+... -they are pres…
resist pH change... -three major systems... 1)phosphate buffer... 2)pr…
-supporting role only in intercellular fluid pH regulation... -b…
H+ control
needed in maintaining pH balance long term... -digestive tract…
Buffers
resis pH changing by absorbing or releasing H+... -they are pres…
29 terms
Chapter 27: Fluid Balance (cont)
Electrolyte Balance
Sodium (Na) Balance
Eating a salty meal
Chronic sodium abnormalities
in balance when gains equal losses... -important because: total…
sodium ions are taken up across digestive epithelium... -sodium…
sodium chloride enters digestive tract, absorbed... -sodium pump…
only occurs in ECF when severe problems arise... ex: dehydratio…
Electrolyte Balance
in balance when gains equal losses... -important because: total…
Sodium (Na) Balance
sodium ions are taken up across digestive epithelium... -sodium…
37 terms
Chapter 27 Fluids
water
kidneys
intracellular fluid
extracellular fluid
largest single component of the body, 55-80% of total mass
helps maintain the composition of water and salts in the body…
all fluid contained inside cells and comprises 2/3 of all bod…
all fluid outside the confines of the plasma membranes that c…
water
largest single component of the body, 55-80% of total mass
kidneys
helps maintain the composition of water and salts in the body…
41 terms
Chapter 27 The Body Fluids
Intracellular
Extracellular
Interstitial fluid
Plasma
within cells
in body cavity
surrounding cells
component of blood
Intracellular
within cells
Extracellular
in body cavity
40 terms
BIO122 Chapter 27 Fluid and Electrolyte Homeostasis FlashCards
Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH)
Atrial Natriuretic Peptide (ANP)
Cytosol
Dehydration
Hormone produced by neurosecretory cells in the paraventricul…
Peptide hormone, produced by the atria of the heart in respon…
Semifluid portion of cytoplasm in which organelles and inclus…
Excessive loss of water from the body or its parts
Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH)
Hormone produced by neurosecretory cells in the paraventricul…
Atrial Natriuretic Peptide (ANP)
Peptide hormone, produced by the atria of the heart in respon…
40 terms
BIO122 Chapter 27 Fluid and Electrolyte Homeostasis FlashCards
Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH)
Atrial Natriuretic Peptide (ANP)
Cytosol
Dehydration
Hormone produced by neurosecretory cells in the paraventricul…
Peptide hormone, produced by the atria of the heart in respon…
Semifluid portion of cytoplasm in which organelles and inclus…
Excessive loss of water from the body or its parts
Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH)
Hormone produced by neurosecretory cells in the paraventricul…
Atrial Natriuretic Peptide (ANP)
Peptide hormone, produced by the atria of the heart in respon…
Chapter 27 Nutrition and Fluids
Absorption
Allergy
Aspiration
Calorie
The process by which substances pass through the intestinal w…
Sensitivity to a substance that causes the body to react with…
Inhalation of fluid or an object into the lungs.
A unit of measure of the energy produced as the body burns fo…
Absorption
The process by which substances pass through the intestinal w…
Allergy
Sensitivity to a substance that causes the body to react with…
63 terms
Chapter 27: Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Dynamics
Body fluid
Fluid Balance
constant
Homeostasis of body fluids
body water and its dissolved substances make up
required amounts of water and solutes are present and are cor…
Volume of blood plasma, interstitial fluid, and intracellular…
What is maintained by regulatory mechanisms (kidney and other…
Body fluid
body water and its dissolved substances make up
Fluid Balance
required amounts of water and solutes are present and are cor…
47 terms
Bodily Fluids (Chapter 27)
About two-thirds of the body fluid is…
Intracellular fluid (ICF) is found onl…
Substances that can carry electrical c…
All of the homeostatic mechanisms that…
intracellular
the cells of the body
electrolytes
ECF (Extracellular fluid)
About two-thirds of the body fluid is…
intracellular
Intracellular fluid (ICF) is found onl…
the cells of the body
69 terms
Chapter 27 - The Body Fluids
What are intracellular body fluids?
What are extracellular body fluids?
Interstitial fluids and plasma are cat…
Where are interstitial body fluids fou…
body fluids within cells
body fluids in the body cavity
extracellular fluids
surrounding cells
What are intracellular body fluids?
body fluids within cells
What are extracellular body fluids?
body fluids in the body cavity
131 terms
Chapter 27: Fluid Electrolyte and Acid-Base Balance
Define ICF
Define ECF
What three inter-related processes sta…
What does the "p" in pH stand for
Intracellular Fluid (also called CYTOSOL)
Extracellular Fuid
Fluid Balance... Electrolyte Balance... Acid Base Balance
Power (as in Power of Hydrogen)
Define ICF
Intracellular Fluid (also called CYTOSOL)
Define ECF
Extracellular Fuid
78 terms
Chapter 27 - Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance
Water
Extracellular fluid (ECF)
Intracellular fluid (ICF)
All cellular operations
Is 99% of fluid outside cells... An essential ingredient of cyto…
Fluid outside cells
Cytosol
Rely on water as a diffusion medium for gases, nutrients, and…
Water
Is 99% of fluid outside cells... An essential ingredient of cyto…
Extracellular fluid (ECF)
Fluid outside cells
46 terms
Anatomy II: Chapter 27 "Fluid Homeostasis"
Intracellular fluid (ICF)
Extracellular fluid (ECF)
places of exchange (between compartmen…
Fluid balance
inside cell (fluid)... -type of fluid compartment
around cell (fluid)... -type of fluid compartment
-Membrane of cells separate intracellular fluid from intersti…
water gain must equal water loss ... --Processes that are import…
Intracellular fluid (ICF)
inside cell (fluid)... -type of fluid compartment
Extracellular fluid (ECF)
around cell (fluid)... -type of fluid compartment
Chapter 27 Fluids and Electrolytes
what organ secretes hydrogen ions into…
how do the lungs affect pH balance?
how does water exchange occur between…
what cations and anions are in ECF?
the kidneys
through elimination of dioxide
occurs across plasma membranes by osmosis and diffusion
-sodium... -chloride... -and bicarbonate
what organ secretes hydrogen ions into…
the kidneys
how do the lungs affect pH balance?
through elimination of dioxide
43 terms
Chapter 27: Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Homeostasis
How much of the total volume of body f…
80% of the extracellular fluid is... A.P…
This is the largest single component o…
This is produced when electrons are ac…
D. 2/3
C. Interstitial fluid
B. Water
C. Metabolic water
How much of the total volume of body f…
D. 2/3
80% of the extracellular fluid is... A.P…
C. Interstitial fluid
34 terms
Chapter 27 Fluid, Electrolytes, Acid/Base
ICF
ECF
2 things seperate ICF and ECF
Electrolytes
intercellular fluid, 2/3 body fluid
extracellular fluid, 80% is interstitial, 20% plasma
Plasma membrane, and capillary walls
inorganic compounds that dissociate into ions.
ICF
intercellular fluid, 2/3 body fluid
ECF
extracellular fluid, 80% is interstitial, 20% plasma
63 terms
chapter 27: acid-base and fluid balance
normal blood p.H.
to maintain acid-base balance:
sources of acids and bases in the body:
two main categories of acids
7.35-7.45
H+ production should equal H+ loss ( make as much as we lose)
1. by products of metabolism 2. ingested in the diet
1.) volatile acids- can convert to a gaseous state and exhale…
normal blood p.H.
7.35-7.45
to maintain acid-base balance:
H+ production should equal H+ loss ( make as much as we lose)
91 terms
Chapter 27: Fluid, electrolyte, acid-base balance
extracellular fluid
Intracellular Fluid
all cellular processes rely on water
body fluid ususually
fluid outside cells... 1/3 body fluid... plasma... IF
cytosol ... fluid inside cells... 2/3 body fluid
diffusion... gases, nutrients, waste products
constant bc water gained and amount of water lost usually equal
extracellular fluid
fluid outside cells... 1/3 body fluid... plasma... IF
Intracellular Fluid
cytosol ... fluid inside cells... 2/3 body fluid
45 terms
Chapter 27: Nutrition and Fluids
Absorption
Allergy
Aspiration
Calorie
The process by which substances pass through the intestinal w…
A sensitivity to substance that causes the body to react with…
Inhalation of fluid or an object into the lungs.
A unit of measure of the energy produced as the body burns fo…
Absorption
The process by which substances pass through the intestinal w…
Allergy
A sensitivity to substance that causes the body to react with…
17 terms
Chapter 27 - Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Homeostasis (Body Fluids)
Water
Intracellular fluid
Extracellular fluid
Ingestion of liquids and moist foods
largest single component of the body making up 55-80% of tota…
all fluid contained inside cells, and comprises 2/3 of all bo…
all fluid outside the confines of the plasma membranes that c…
2300mL/day
Water
largest single component of the body making up 55-80% of tota…
Intracellular fluid
all fluid contained inside cells, and comprises 2/3 of all bo…
11 terms
Chapter 27: Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Homeostasis
Body fluids
Intracellular fluid
Extracellular fluid
Barriers that separate ICF, interstiti…
-water & solutes... -55-60% of total body mass is fluid, avg. le…
-fluid within cells
-80% of ECF is interstitial fluid.... -20% of ECF is plasma.... -ou…
1.Plasma membrane... -of individual cells separates intracellula…
Body fluids
-water & solutes... -55-60% of total body mass is fluid, avg. le…
Intracellular fluid
-fluid within cells
87 terms
Chapter 27 - Fluid & Electrolyte Balance
How is fluid and electrolyte balance m…
How are fluid and electrolyte gains ob…
How are fluid and electrolyte losses a…
How are acid-base gains obtained?
Gains = Losses
Only by digestive system absorption
Urinary system, sweat, respiratory system, and feces
H metabolic process
How is fluid and electrolyte balance m…
Gains = Losses
How are fluid and electrolyte gains ob…
Only by digestive system absorption
75 terms
Fluid, electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance | Chapter 27:
antidiuretic hormone
aldosterone
natriuretic peptides
renin
-higher the osmotic concentration => the more ADH is released…
-secretion by the adrenal cortex ... -determines rate of Na+ abs…
-atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP)... -brain natriuretic peptide…
An enzyme synthesized, stored and secreted by the kidney... -rai…
antidiuretic hormone
-higher the osmotic concentration => the more ADH is released…
aldosterone
-secretion by the adrenal cortex ... -determines rate of Na+ abs…
13 terms
Fluid & Electrolyte Nursing D&I Chapter 27
Deficient Fluid Volume R/T vomiting AE…
Excess Fluid Volume R/T heart failure…
Fluid volume deficit outcomes
Fluid volume excess outcomes
Fluid Management... Hypovolemia Management... Shock Management... (Cra…
Fluid Management... Fluid Monitoring (e.g., weight and intake/ou…
Maintain urine output >30 mL/hour, ... maintain normal vital sig…
Electrolyte & Acid/Base Balance... Fluid Balance... Hydration... (Crav…
Deficient Fluid Volume R/T vomiting AE…
Fluid Management... Hypovolemia Management... Shock Management... (Cra…
Excess Fluid Volume R/T heart failure…
Fluid Management... Fluid Monitoring (e.g., weight and intake/ou…
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