Study sets matching "fluid"

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Study sets matching "fluid"

11 terms
Fluid
p = mass density
m = pV
specific gravity
Pressure of a Fluid
mass/volume p = m/V ... kg/m^3
...
density of substance/density of water 4°C... density of substan…
P =F/A ... magnitude perp force/ suface area... N/m^2 = Pa (pasc…
p = mass density
mass/volume p = m/V ... kg/m^3
m = pV
...
6 terms
Fluid
Streamlines
Streaklines
Pathlines
Streamlines, streaklines, and pathlines
are a family of curves that are instantaneously *tangent to t…
are the loci of points of all the fluid particles that have…
are the trajectories that individual fluid particles follow.…
The red particle moves in a flowing fluid; its pathline is tr…
Streamlines
are a family of curves that are instantaneously *tangent to t…
Streaklines
are the loci of points of all the fluid particles that have…
14 terms
Fluid
Fluid
pressure
atmopheric pressure
absolute pressure
流体
压强
大气压强
绝对压强
Fluid
流体
pressure
压强
11 terms
Fluid
Pascals Principal
Archimedes Principal
Buoyant force
Buoyancy
pressure is distributed evenly
The buoyant force is equal to the weight of water that an obj…
the upward force exerted by a fluid on a submerged object
Ability to float
Pascals Principal
pressure is distributed evenly
Archimedes Principal
The buoyant force is equal to the weight of water that an obj…
32 terms
Fluid
Fluid pressure
Fluid pressure 單位
atm:
Static fluid, pressure difference due to
p = F/A
SI unit: N/m2. (pascal, Pa)
the pressure of the atmosphere at the sea level = 1.01105×10^…
gravitational force
Fluid pressure
p = F/A
Fluid pressure 單位
SI unit: N/m2. (pascal, Pa)
24 terms
Fluid
flow, spread
entire
liquids, gases
Oxygen, carbon dioxide, blood
A fluid is any substance that can _________ or __________ in…
It fills up the ________ space of a container it is poured in…
All ____________ and _________ are fluids.
3 fluids in to do with respiration.
flow, spread
A fluid is any substance that can _________ or __________ in…
entire
It fills up the ________ space of a container it is poured in…
fluid
fluid
buoyancy
archimedes principle
pascals principle
anything that flows-gas or liquid
the ability of a fluid liquid or gas to exert an upward force…
the buoyant force on an object in a fluid
pressure applied to a fluid is transmitted unchanged througho…
fluid
anything that flows-gas or liquid
buoyancy
the ability of a fluid liquid or gas to exert an upward force…
Fluid
Mechanics
Statics
Dynamics
Fluid mechanics
Physical science that deals w both stationary and moving bodi…
Dealing w bodies at rest
Bodies in motion
Fluids at rest
Mechanics
Physical science that deals w both stationary and moving bodi…
Statics
Dealing w bodies at rest
45 terms
Fluid
Fluid composition
Starling forces
Increased hydrostatic pressure =
Decreased hydrostatic pressure =
46-80% affected by age, gender, fat, muscle... 70-80% in newborns
determines motion of fluids across cap membranes... -capillary (…
increased fluids pulled out of caps
increased absorption of fluid into caps
Fluid composition
46-80% affected by age, gender, fat, muscle... 70-80% in newborns
Starling forces
determines motion of fluids across cap membranes... -capillary (…
Fluid
Water
Extracellular and intracellular
Extracellular Space
Extracellular Space
60% of total body weight
Two main compartments fluid is within
Fluid outside the cells. 1/3rd of water is here
Contains interstitial fluid, blood, lymph, bone, and connecti…
Water
60% of total body weight
Extracellular and intracellular
Two main compartments fluid is within
Fluid
Intravascular Compartment
Intracellular Compartment
Extracellular Compartment
Third Spacing
Fluid inside a blood vessel
All fluid inside the cells
Fluid outside the cells.... Includes the interstitial fluid, whi…
Accumulation and sequestration of trapped extracellular fluid…
Intravascular Compartment
Fluid inside a blood vessel
Intracellular Compartment
All fluid inside the cells
16 terms
Fluid
Intracelluar
Extra cellular
Hydrostatic and osmotic pressure
HP>OP
Fluid inside the cell
Fluid outside the cell
Water moves between compartments two pressures
Hydrostatic pushes =osmotic pulls
Intracelluar
Fluid inside the cell
Extra cellular
Fluid outside the cell
73 terms
fluid
fluid within the cell
2/3 of the body's fluid
fluid outside the cell
made of interstitial fluid and intrava…
ICF
ICF
ECF
ECF
fluid within the cell
ICF
2/3 of the body's fluid
ICF
5 terms
Fluid
Liver
Heart
Spleen
Lung
Tears
Sweat
Phlegm
Mucus
Liver
Tears
Heart
Sweat
Fluid
Outline the distribution of body fluids
Outline alterations in water movement
Osmolality equation
Net Filtration
Intracellular (2/3)... Extracellular (1/3)... -75% Interstitial... -25…
Osmosis - movement of water across semi-permeable membrane fr…
2(NA) + BUN/2.8 + Glucose / 18
Hydrostatic Pressure: Forces fluid across the arteriouvenous…
Outline the distribution of body fluids
Intracellular (2/3)... Extracellular (1/3)... -75% Interstitial... -25…
Outline alterations in water movement
Osmosis - movement of water across semi-permeable membrane fr…
Fluid
Total body water
Intracellular H2O
Extracellular H2O
Fluid balance
60%
40% in skeletal muscle, blood/bone cells, & adipose tissue
20% (5% intravascular, 15% interstitial) in plasma and inters…
Depends on electrolyte balance
Total body water
60%
Intracellular H2O
40% in skeletal muscle, blood/bone cells, & adipose tissue
63 terms
Fluid
Water Function
AL for water
Water increases during ___ &___-
Water excretion of at least ___ must b…
Major part of every tissue in the body... -Provides transportati…
3.5 L/day for men ... 2.5 L/day for women
Pregnancy and lactation
500 mL- 1 Pint
Water Function
Major part of every tissue in the body... -Provides transportati…
AL for water
3.5 L/day for men ... 2.5 L/day for women
Fluid
fluid
buoyancy
Archimedes principle
equal ... displaced
anything that flows gas or liquid
the ability of a fluid to exert an upward force on an object…
the buoyant force on an object in a fluid is equal to the wei…
Archimedes principle - the buoyant force on an object in a fl…
fluid
anything that flows gas or liquid
buoyancy
the ability of a fluid to exert an upward force on an object…
Fluid
Chloridd
Sodium
Potassium
Calcium
97-107
135-145
3.5-5.0
8.6-10.2
Chloridd
97-107
Sodium
135-145
Fluid
Birth - 6 mo
6-12 mo
1-3yr
4-6 yr
Energy: 108... Pro: 2.2... Fluid: 120-160
Energy: 98... Pro: 1.6... Fluid:110-145
Energy 102... Pro: 1.2... Fluid: 114-115
Energy:90... Pro:1.1... Fluid:70-85
Birth - 6 mo
Energy: 108... Pro: 2.2... Fluid: 120-160
6-12 mo
Energy: 98... Pro: 1.6... Fluid:110-145
17 terms
fluid
Hyperkalemia levels
Hyperkalemia causes
Hyperkalemia SX
Hyperkalemia treatment
higher then 5
high consumption of foods with K+/ dietary supplements
dysrhythmias, heart block, muscle twitching, fatigue, parasth…
restricted dietary sources, decrease dose of K+ sparing diure…
Hyperkalemia levels
higher then 5
Hyperkalemia causes
high consumption of foods with K+/ dietary supplements
81 terms
fluid
homeostasis is maintained by
how do fluids keep an equilibrium?
___ and ___ work together
___ ___ is a critical component of hom…
numerous mechanisms (it is delicate)
by moving among the different compartments they are dispersed…
fluid & electrolytes
acid-base balance
homeostasis is maintained by
numerous mechanisms (it is delicate)
how do fluids keep an equilibrium?
by moving among the different compartments they are dispersed…
41 terms
Fluids
Absolute pressure
Acceleration
Angular momentum
Bernoulli's frictionless flow
Gage pressure plus atmospheric pressure
Rate of change of velocity per unit of time
Rotation of a body; moment of intertia times angular velocity
Relation between pressure velocity and elevation in a frictio…
Absolute pressure
Gage pressure plus atmospheric pressure
Acceleration
Rate of change of velocity per unit of time
fluid
thirst
ADH
aldosterone
dehydration
controlled by hypothalamus
reabsorbs H2O
absords Na
body has no dehydration
thirst
controlled by hypothalamus
ADH
reabsorbs H2O
fluid
thirst
ADH
aldosterone
dehydrarion
controlled by hypothacamus
promotes reabsorption of h2O
hormone promoting reabsorption of Na
no water/fluids
thirst
controlled by hypothacamus
ADH
promotes reabsorption of h2O
15 terms
Fluid
ECF
ICF
Transcellular fluid
ISF
Extracellular fluid ... 1/3 water
Intracellular fluid... 2/3 water
Volume secreted by special cells ... 0%
Interstitial fluid between cell and blood stream... 3/4 ECF
ECF
Extracellular fluid ... 1/3 water
ICF
Intracellular fluid... 2/3 water
8 terms
Fluid
water accounts for about
INTRACELLULAR COMPARTMENT
EXTRACELLULAR ... COMPARTMENT (ECF)
PLASMA
50% of weight
2/3's of all the ... body's fluid which consists of ... trillions o…
is divided into 2 subcompartment plasma and interstitial flui…
is the fluid portion of blood within the blood vessels
water accounts for about
50% of weight
INTRACELLULAR COMPARTMENT
2/3's of all the ... body's fluid which consists of ... trillions o…
fluid
Thirst
ADH
Aldosterone
Dehydration
controlled by hypothalamus
antidiuretic hormone, promotes reabsorption sodium
hormone promoting reabsorption of sodium
Fluid volume deficit.... 2%-8% of body weight ... S&S: altered ment…
Thirst
controlled by hypothalamus
ADH
antidiuretic hormone, promotes reabsorption sodium
Fluids
Fluid
Pressure
Stokes law
Surface tension
Any substance that can flow
Force per unit area... P=F/A ... S.I. unit is N/m^2
F=6πnrv... n- viscosity co-eff... r-radius of liquid drop... V-velocit…
T=F/L ... S.I unit is N/m
Fluid
Any substance that can flow
Pressure
Force per unit area... P=F/A ... S.I. unit is N/m^2
fluid
Total body water
Extracellular fluid
Intracellular fluid
Diffusion
TBW. sum of fluids in body, 60% of weight.
ECF. fluid outside of cells. can be... interstitial fluid: fluid…
ICF fluid within the cells
movement of particles along a concentration gradient. from hi…
Total body water
TBW. sum of fluids in body, 60% of weight.
Extracellular fluid
ECF. fluid outside of cells. can be... interstitial fluid: fluid…
13 terms
fluid
conservation of mass
steady conservation of momentum
unsteady conservation of momentum
control volume approach
continuity equation
sum of forces=rate of mom in -rate of mom out... (surface-pressu…
rate of accumulation of mom=mom in-mom out+sum of force
only consider x component
conservation of mass
continuity equation
steady conservation of momentum
sum of forces=rate of mom in -rate of mom out... (surface-pressu…
13 terms
Fluid
Fluid
Plasma
Energy
Temperature
A nonsolid state of matter in which the atoms or molecules ar…
A state of matter that consists of free-moving ions and elect…
The capacity to do work
A measure of how to hot (or cold) something is; specifically,…
Fluid
A nonsolid state of matter in which the atoms or molecules ar…
Plasma
A state of matter that consists of free-moving ions and elect…
Fluid
Describe fluid volume ratios
Oncotic pressure definition
Reasons why water would move into the…
Reasons why water would move into the…
Intracellular 67%... Extracellular 33% with interstitial fluid,…
Pressure exerted by solutes in fluid, like salt, proteins
High plasma oncotic pressure due to:... High salt... High protein... H…
High ISF oncotic pressure due to:... Overhydration... Low protein/m…
Describe fluid volume ratios
Intracellular 67%... Extracellular 33% with interstitial fluid,…
Oncotic pressure definition
Pressure exerted by solutes in fluid, like salt, proteins
41 terms
Fluid
Homeostasis
Body Water
Water Function
Water Location
Balance of the internal environment of the body
Average adult weight is 50-60% water (the more fat and increa…
A medium for digestion, transport nutrients, electrolytes, an…
About 2/3 in the body is intracellular and 1/3 is extracellul…
Homeostasis
Balance of the internal environment of the body
Body Water
Average adult weight is 50-60% water (the more fat and increa…
Fluid
______ describes the loss of sodium fr…
_______ refers to loss of intracelluar…
mEq of Na in RL
NS/LR will be distributed were 1000cc
Volume depletion
Dehydration
130
250 IV... 750 Interstital
______ describes the loss of sodium fr…
Volume depletion
_______ refers to loss of intracelluar…
Dehydration
Fluid
Synovial
Saliva
Pleural
Peritoneal
Joint and tendon fluid
Intraoral dental
Lung fluid
Abdominal fluid
Synovial
Joint and tendon fluid
Saliva
Intraoral dental
Fluid
Fluid exerts pressure
As the height of a fluid increases
Increased suction lift
From a tank of gasoline level of 7 ft…
Equally in all directions
Static pressure increases
Decreases NPSH
2.3 psig
Fluid exerts pressure
Equally in all directions
As the height of a fluid increases
Static pressure increases
13 terms
fluid
pressure
pascal
fluid
barometer
Force per unit area.
The SI unit of pressure
A substance that flows
An instrument that measures atmospheric pressure
pressure
Force per unit area.
pascal
The SI unit of pressure
18 terms
Fluid
DIC
Three things that stop bleeding
Thrombus
Infarct
hemorrhaging and clotting at the same time
platelets, coagulation factors and endothelial cells
a slow intravascular accumulation of the formed elements of b…
dead tissue
DIC
hemorrhaging and clotting at the same time
Three things that stop bleeding
platelets, coagulation factors and endothelial cells
11 terms
fluid
thermoregulation def
excretion def
excretion excess
feed cells def
increase temp
concentrated urine... na increase
dilute urine... na decrease
dry membranes... infant no tears
thermoregulation def
increase temp
excretion def
concentrated urine... na increase
Fluid
Allow continuous exchange of water and…
Electrolyte
Body loses water via
Body gains water by
Filtration ... Reabsorption ... diffussion... Osmosis
Inorganic substance that dissasociate into ions in solution
Urination... Perspiration... Exhalation... Feces
Ingestion... Metabolic synthesis
Allow continuous exchange of water and…
Filtration ... Reabsorption ... diffussion... Osmosis
Electrolyte
Inorganic substance that dissasociate into ions in solution
21 terms
Fluid
Intracellular Fluid
Extracellular Fluid
ADH
Hypotonic
fluid within the cells 2/3 body water and high level of potas…
fluid outside the cells 1/3 body water and large amounts of s…
antidiuretic hormone that produced by the hypothalamus and st…
solution has less solutes than the cell the cell expands beca…
Intracellular Fluid
fluid within the cells 2/3 body water and high level of potas…
Extracellular Fluid
fluid outside the cells 1/3 body water and large amounts of s…
Fluid
Renin Regulation
Aldosterone
AVP
Capillary Hydrostatic Pressure factors
Perfusion pressure to kidney... Sympathetic ... Na delivery to macu…
Plasma Angiotensin II... Plasma K
Plasma osmolarity... Blood volume/ Blood Pressure
Flow... Venous pressure... Blood volume
Renin Regulation
Perfusion pressure to kidney... Sympathetic ... Na delivery to macu…
Aldosterone
Plasma Angiotensin II... Plasma K
Fluids
Fluid
Mass Density
Buoyant Force
Pressure
A nonsolid state of matter in which the atoms or molecules ar…
The mass per unit volume of a substance
The upward force exerted by a fluid on a submerged object
Force per unit area.
Fluid
A nonsolid state of matter in which the atoms or molecules ar…
Mass Density
The mass per unit volume of a substance
24 terms
fluid
fluid
body is made up of
Where is all the body fluids?
fluid inside cells
molecules are far enough apart that they can slide past each…
60% fluid- less as we age
blood - 90%... muscle- 75%... bone- 25%... fat- 10%
intracellular fluid
fluid
molecules are far enough apart that they can slide past each…
body is made up of
60% fluid- less as we age
60 terms
Fluid
Water
Extracellular and intracellular
Extracellular Space
Extracellular Space
60% of total body weight
Two main compartments fluid is within
Fluid outside the cells. 1/3rd of water is here
Contains interstitial fluid, blood, lymph, bone, and connecti…
Water
60% of total body weight
Extracellular and intracellular
Two main compartments fluid is within
140 terms
Fluid
___ is the primary component of body f…
adult body weight is ___ % water
muscle mass effect on water
intracellular ___% of total body water
water
60
increases amount of water. muscle stores water.
70
___ is the primary component of body f…
water
adult body weight is ___ % water
60
fluid
Fluid
Pressure
atmospheric pressure
buoyant force
any substance that can flow... and take the shape of the container
the amount of force per unit... area applied to an object's surf…
The ratio of the weight of all the air above you to your surf…
upward force applied by a fluid on an object in the fluid.
Fluid
any substance that can flow... and take the shape of the container
Pressure
the amount of force per unit... area applied to an object's surf…
12 terms
fluid
hyponatremia
hypernatremia
hypokalemia
hyperkalemia
anorexia, n/v, lethargy, confusion, muscle cramps, seizure
thirst, hyperpyrexia, dry mouth, hallucinations, lethargy, ir…
fatigue, anorexia, n/v, muscle weakness, constipation, dysrth…
muscle weakness, bradycardia, dysrhythmia, flaccid paralysis,…
hyponatremia
anorexia, n/v, lethargy, confusion, muscle cramps, seizure
hypernatremia
thirst, hyperpyrexia, dry mouth, hallucinations, lethargy, ir…
19 terms
Fluid
Disadvantages of IV Therapy
Why not leg veins?
KVO
Uses of Butterfly Needles
a. Restrictive to patient... b. Can be difficult to access, pote…
Risk of thrombophlebitis
A form of continuous infusion, means Keep Vein Open. ... The rat…
1. Pediatrics... 2. Very short term, such as drawing blood work…
Disadvantages of IV Therapy
a. Restrictive to patient... b. Can be difficult to access, pote…
Why not leg veins?
Risk of thrombophlebitis
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