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Study sets matching "fluid"

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Study sets matching "fluid"

11 terms
Fluid
p = mass density
m = pV
specific gravity
Pressure of a Fluid
mass/volume p = m/V ... kg/m^3
...
density of substance/density of water 4°C... density of substan…
P =F/A ... magnitude perp force/ suface area... N/m^2 = Pa (pasc…
p = mass density
mass/volume p = m/V ... kg/m^3
m = pV
...
6 terms
Fluid
Streamlines
Streaklines
Pathlines
Streamlines, streaklines, and pathlines
are a family of curves that are instantaneously *tangent to t…
are the loci of points of all the fluid particles that have…
are the trajectories that individual fluid particles follow.…
The red particle moves in a flowing fluid; its pathline is tr…
Streamlines
are a family of curves that are instantaneously *tangent to t…
Streaklines
are the loci of points of all the fluid particles that have…
14 terms
Fluid
Fluid
pressure
atmopheric pressure
absolute pressure
流体
压强
大气压强
绝对压强
Fluid
流体
pressure
压强
11 terms
Fluid
Pascals Principal
Archimedes Principal
Buoyant force
Buoyancy
pressure is distributed evenly
The buoyant force is equal to the weight of water that an obj…
the upward force exerted by a fluid on a submerged object
Ability to float
Pascals Principal
pressure is distributed evenly
Archimedes Principal
The buoyant force is equal to the weight of water that an obj…
32 terms
Fluid
Fluid pressure
Fluid pressure 單位
atm:
Static fluid, pressure difference due to
p = F/A
SI unit: N/m2. (pascal, Pa)
the pressure of the atmosphere at the sea level = 1.01105×10^…
gravitational force
Fluid pressure
p = F/A
Fluid pressure 單位
SI unit: N/m2. (pascal, Pa)
24 terms
Fluid
flow, spread
entire
liquids, gases
Oxygen, carbon dioxide, blood
A fluid is any substance that can _________ or __________ in…
It fills up the ________ space of a container it is poured in…
All ____________ and _________ are fluids.
3 fluids in to do with respiration.
flow, spread
A fluid is any substance that can _________ or __________ in…
entire
It fills up the ________ space of a container it is poured in…
9 terms
fluid
fluid
buoyancy
archimedes principle
pascals principle
anything that flows-gas or liquid
the ability of a fluid liquid or gas to exert an upward force…
the buoyant force on an object in a fluid
pressure applied to a fluid is transmitted unchanged througho…
fluid
anything that flows-gas or liquid
buoyancy
the ability of a fluid liquid or gas to exert an upward force…
14 terms
Fluid
Mechanics
Statics
Dynamics
Fluid mechanics
Physical science that deals w both stationary and moving bodi…
Dealing w bodies at rest
Bodies in motion
Fluids at rest
Mechanics
Physical science that deals w both stationary and moving bodi…
Statics
Dealing w bodies at rest
45 terms
Fluid
Fluid composition
Starling forces
Increased hydrostatic pressure =
Decreased hydrostatic pressure =
46-80% affected by age, gender, fat, muscle... 70-80% in newborns
determines motion of fluids across cap membranes... -capillary (…
increased fluids pulled out of caps
increased absorption of fluid into caps
Fluid composition
46-80% affected by age, gender, fat, muscle... 70-80% in newborns
Starling forces
determines motion of fluids across cap membranes... -capillary (…
60 terms
Fluid
Water
Extracellular and intracellular
Extracellular Space
Extracellular Space
60% of total body weight
Two main compartments fluid is within
Fluid outside the cells. 1/3rd of water is here
Contains interstitial fluid, blood, lymph, bone, and connecti…
Water
60% of total body weight
Extracellular and intracellular
Two main compartments fluid is within
32 terms
Fluid
Intravascular Compartment
Intracellular Compartment
Extracellular Compartment
Third Spacing
Fluid inside a blood vessel
All fluid inside the cells
Fluid outside the cells.... Includes the interstitial fluid, whi…
Accumulation and sequestration of trapped extracellular fluid…
Intravascular Compartment
Fluid inside a blood vessel
Intracellular Compartment
All fluid inside the cells
16 terms
Fluid
Intracelluar
Extra cellular
Hydrostatic and osmotic pressure
HP>OP
Fluid inside the cell
Fluid outside the cell
Water moves between compartments two pressures
Hydrostatic pushes =osmotic pulls
Intracelluar
Fluid inside the cell
Extra cellular
Fluid outside the cell
73 terms
fluid
fluid within the cell
2/3 of the body's fluid
fluid outside the cell
made of interstitial fluid and intrava…
ICF
ICF
ECF
ECF
fluid within the cell
ICF
2/3 of the body's fluid
ICF
9 terms
Fluid
Outline the distribution of body fluids
Outline alterations in water movement
Osmolality equation
Net Filtration
Intracellular (2/3)... Extracellular (1/3)... -75% Interstitial... -25…
Osmosis - movement of water across semi-permeable membrane fr…
2(NA) + BUN/2.8 + Glucose / 18
Hydrostatic Pressure: Forces fluid across the arteriouvenous…
Outline the distribution of body fluids
Intracellular (2/3)... Extracellular (1/3)... -75% Interstitial... -25…
Outline alterations in water movement
Osmosis - movement of water across semi-permeable membrane fr…
61 terms
Fluid
Total body water
Intracellular H2O
Extracellular H2O
Fluid balance
60%
40% in skeletal muscle, blood/bone cells, & adipose tissue
20% (5% intravascular, 15% interstitial) in plasma and inters…
Depends on electrolyte balance
Total body water
60%
Intracellular H2O
40% in skeletal muscle, blood/bone cells, & adipose tissue
63 terms
Fluid
Water Function
AL for water
Water increases during ___ &___-
Water excretion of at least ___ must b…
Major part of every tissue in the body... -Provides transportati…
3.5 L/day for men ... 2.5 L/day for women
Pregnancy and lactation
500 mL- 1 Pint
Water Function
Major part of every tissue in the body... -Provides transportati…
AL for water
3.5 L/day for men ... 2.5 L/day for women
14 terms
Fluid
fluid
buoyancy
Archimedes principle
equal ... displaced
anything that flows gas or liquid
the ability of a fluid to exert an upward force on an object…
the buoyant force on an object in a fluid is equal to the wei…
Archimedes principle - the buoyant force on an object in a fl…
fluid
anything that flows gas or liquid
buoyancy
the ability of a fluid to exert an upward force on an object…
17 terms
fluid
Hyperkalemia levels
Hyperkalemia causes
Hyperkalemia SX
Hyperkalemia treatment
higher then 5
high consumption of foods with K+/ dietary supplements
dysrhythmias, heart block, muscle twitching, fatigue, parasth…
restricted dietary sources, decrease dose of K+ sparing diure…
Hyperkalemia levels
higher then 5
Hyperkalemia causes
high consumption of foods with K+/ dietary supplements
81 terms
fluid
homeostasis is maintained by
how do fluids keep an equilibrium?
___ and ___ work together
___ ___ is a critical component of hom…
numerous mechanisms (it is delicate)
by moving among the different compartments they are dispersed…
fluid & electrolytes
acid-base balance
homeostasis is maintained by
numerous mechanisms (it is delicate)
how do fluids keep an equilibrium?
by moving among the different compartments they are dispersed…
fluid
thirst
ADH
aldosterone
dehydration
controlled by hypothalamus
reabsorbs H2O
absords Na
body has no dehydration
thirst
controlled by hypothalamus
ADH
reabsorbs H2O
15 terms
Fluid
ECF
ICF
Transcellular fluid
ISF
Extracellular fluid ... 1/3 water
Intracellular fluid... 2/3 water
Volume secreted by special cells ... 0%
Interstitial fluid between cell and blood stream... 3/4 ECF
ECF
Extracellular fluid ... 1/3 water
ICF
Intracellular fluid... 2/3 water
11 terms
fluid
thirst
ADH
aldosterone
dehydrarion
controlled by hypothacamus
promotes reabsorption of h2O
hormone promoting reabsorption of Na
no water/fluids
thirst
controlled by hypothacamus
ADH
promotes reabsorption of h2O
8 terms
Fluid
water accounts for about
INTRACELLULAR COMPARTMENT
EXTRACELLULAR ... COMPARTMENT (ECF)
PLASMA
50% of weight
2/3's of all the ... body's fluid which consists of ... trillions o…
is divided into 2 subcompartment plasma and interstitial flui…
is the fluid portion of blood within the blood vessels
water accounts for about
50% of weight
INTRACELLULAR COMPARTMENT
2/3's of all the ... body's fluid which consists of ... trillions o…
13 terms
fluid
conservation of mass
steady conservation of momentum
unsteady conservation of momentum
control volume approach
continuity equation
sum of forces=rate of mom in -rate of mom out... (surface-pressu…
rate of accumulation of mom=mom in-mom out+sum of force
only consider x component
conservation of mass
continuity equation
steady conservation of momentum
sum of forces=rate of mom in -rate of mom out... (surface-pressu…
60 terms
Fluid
Water
Extracellular and intracellular
Extracellular Space
Extracellular Space
60% of total body weight
Two main compartments fluid is within
Fluid outside the cells. 1/3rd of water is here
Contains interstitial fluid, blood, lymph, bone, and connecti…
Water
60% of total body weight
Extracellular and intracellular
Two main compartments fluid is within
140 terms
Fluid
___ is the primary component of body f…
adult body weight is ___ % water
muscle mass effect on water
intracellular ___% of total body water
water
60
increases amount of water. muscle stores water.
70
___ is the primary component of body f…
water
adult body weight is ___ % water
60
12 terms
fluid
hyponatremia
hypernatremia
hypokalemia
hyperkalemia
anorexia, n/v, lethargy, confusion, muscle cramps, seizure
thirst, hyperpyrexia, dry mouth, hallucinations, lethargy, ir…
fatigue, anorexia, n/v, muscle weakness, constipation, dysrth…
muscle weakness, bradycardia, dysrhythmia, flaccid paralysis,…
hyponatremia
anorexia, n/v, lethargy, confusion, muscle cramps, seizure
hypernatremia
thirst, hyperpyrexia, dry mouth, hallucinations, lethargy, ir…
10 terms
fluid
Thirst
ADH
Aldosterone
Dehydration
controlled by hypothalamus
antidiuretic hormone, promotes reabsorption sodium
hormone promoting reabsorption of sodium
Fluid volume deficit.... 2%-8% of body weight ... S&S: altered ment…
Thirst
controlled by hypothalamus
ADH
antidiuretic hormone, promotes reabsorption sodium
31 terms
fluid
Total body water
Extracellular fluid
Intracellular fluid
Diffusion
TBW. sum of fluids in body, 60% of weight.
ECF. fluid outside of cells. can be... interstitial fluid: fluid…
ICF fluid within the cells
movement of particles along a concentration gradient. from hi…
Total body water
TBW. sum of fluids in body, 60% of weight.
Extracellular fluid
ECF. fluid outside of cells. can be... interstitial fluid: fluid…
18 terms
Fluid
DIC
Three things that stop bleeding
Thrombus
Infarct
hemorrhaging and clotting at the same time
platelets, coagulation factors and endothelial cells
a slow intravascular accumulation of the formed elements of b…
dead tissue
DIC
hemorrhaging and clotting at the same time
Three things that stop bleeding
platelets, coagulation factors and endothelial cells
13 terms
Fluid
Fluid
Plasma
Energy
Temperature
A nonsolid state of matter in which the atoms or molecules ar…
A state of matter that consists of free-moving ions and elect…
The capacity to do work
A measure of how to hot (or cold) something is; specifically,…
Fluid
A nonsolid state of matter in which the atoms or molecules ar…
Plasma
A state of matter that consists of free-moving ions and elect…
10 terms
Fluids
Fluid
Pressure
Stokes law
Surface tension
Any substance that can flow
Force per unit area... P=F/A ... S.I. unit is N/m^2
F=6πnrv... n- viscosity co-eff... r-radius of liquid drop... V-velocit…
T=F/L ... S.I unit is N/m
Fluid
Any substance that can flow
Pressure
Force per unit area... P=F/A ... S.I. unit is N/m^2
21 terms
fluid
intracellular fluid
intracellular makes up....
extracellular fluid
extracellular fluid makes up......
provides cell with nutrients and assist in cellular metabolis…
2/3 of all body fluid... 40% body weight
outside the cells... circulates between the cells... contains water…
1/3 of all body fluid... 20% of body weight
intracellular fluid
provides cell with nutrients and assist in cellular metabolis…
intracellular makes up....
2/3 of all body fluid... 40% body weight
41 terms
Fluid
Homeostasis
Body Water
Water Function
Water Location
Balance of the internal environment of the body
Average adult weight is 50-60% water (the more fat and increa…
A medium for digestion, transport nutrients, electrolytes, an…
About 2/3 in the body is intracellular and 1/3 is extracellul…
Homeostasis
Balance of the internal environment of the body
Body Water
Average adult weight is 50-60% water (the more fat and increa…
10 terms
Fluids
Fluid
Mass Density
Buoyant Force
Pressure
A nonsolid state of matter in which the atoms or molecules ar…
The mass per unit volume of a substance
The upward force exerted by a fluid on a submerged object
Force per unit area.
Fluid
A nonsolid state of matter in which the atoms or molecules ar…
Mass Density
The mass per unit volume of a substance
13 terms
fluid
pressure
pascal
fluid
barometer
Force per unit area.
The SI unit of pressure
A substance that flows
An instrument that measures atmospheric pressure
pressure
Force per unit area.
pascal
The SI unit of pressure
11 terms
fluid
thermoregulation def
excretion def
excretion excess
feed cells def
increase temp
concentrated urine... na increase
dilute urine... na decrease
dry membranes... infant no tears
thermoregulation def
increase temp
excretion def
concentrated urine... na increase
25 terms
Fluid
Allow continuous exchange of water and…
Electrolyte
Body loses water via
Body gains water by
Filtration ... Reabsorption ... diffussion... Osmosis
Inorganic substance that dissasociate into ions in solution
Urination... Perspiration... Exhalation... Feces
Ingestion... Metabolic synthesis
Allow continuous exchange of water and…
Filtration ... Reabsorption ... diffussion... Osmosis
Electrolyte
Inorganic substance that dissasociate into ions in solution
21 terms
Fluid
Intracellular Fluid
Extracellular Fluid
ADH
Hypotonic
fluid within the cells 2/3 body water and high level of potas…
fluid outside the cells 1/3 body water and large amounts of s…
antidiuretic hormone that produced by the hypothalamus and st…
solution has less solutes than the cell the cell expands beca…
Intracellular Fluid
fluid within the cells 2/3 body water and high level of potas…
Extracellular Fluid
fluid outside the cells 1/3 body water and large amounts of s…
12 terms
fluid
fluid
pressure
pascal
buoyant force
a non solid state of matter which the atoms of moleclues are…
The amount of force exerted per-unit area of surface
the SI unit of pressure
is the upward force that fluids exert on all matter
fluid
a non solid state of matter which the atoms of moleclues are…
pressure
The amount of force exerted per-unit area of surface
31 terms
Fluid
Fluid exerts pressure
As the height of a fluid increases
Increased suction lift
From a tank of gasoline level of 7 ft…
Equally in all directions
Static pressure increases
Decreases NPSH
2.3 psig
Fluid exerts pressure
Equally in all directions
As the height of a fluid increases
Static pressure increases
10 terms
Fluid
Renin Regulation
Aldosterone
AVP
Capillary Hydrostatic Pressure factors
Perfusion pressure to kidney... Sympathetic ... Na delivery to macu…
Plasma Angiotensin II... Plasma K
Plasma osmolarity... Blood volume/ Blood Pressure
Flow... Venous pressure... Blood volume
Renin Regulation
Perfusion pressure to kidney... Sympathetic ... Na delivery to macu…
Aldosterone
Plasma Angiotensin II... Plasma K
36 terms
Fluid
volume
osmolality
fluid
electrolyte concentration
fluid amount
fluid concentration
water that contains dissolved or suspended substances such as…
fluid composition
volume
fluid amount
osmolality
fluid concentration
17 terms
Fluid
Pascal Principle
example of Pascal Principle
Bernoulli's Principle
example of Bernoulli's Principle
When force is applied to a confined fluid, the change in pres…
Car brakes, hydraulic lifts
As the speed of a moving fluid increases, the pressure within…
air plane flying, house chimney
Pascal Principle
When force is applied to a confined fluid, the change in pres…
example of Pascal Principle
Car brakes, hydraulic lifts
19 terms
Fluid
Disadvantages of IV Therapy
Why not leg veins?
KVO
Uses of Butterfly Needles
a. Restrictive to patient... b. Can be difficult to access, pote…
Risk of thrombophlebitis
A form of continuous infusion, means Keep Vein Open. ... The rat…
1. Pediatrics... 2. Very short term, such as drawing blood work…
Disadvantages of IV Therapy
a. Restrictive to patient... b. Can be difficult to access, pote…
Why not leg veins?
Risk of thrombophlebitis
38 terms
fluid
regulation
fluid and electrolyte balance
intracellular fluid (ICF)
extracellular fluid (ECF)
process intended to maintain or restore homeostasis or result…
the measurement of the relationship of numerous electrolytes…
the fluid within cells, also known as cytosol
the fluid found outside of cells (2 types)
regulation
process intended to maintain or restore homeostasis or result…
fluid and electrolyte balance
the measurement of the relationship of numerous electrolytes…
45 terms
Fluid
% of water in adult men?
% of water in infants?
% of water in adult females?
% of water in elders?
60
73
50
45
% of water in adult men?
60
% of water in infants?
73
61 terms
Fluid
Functions of water?
Minimum/maximum water consumption?
Fluid sources?
Largest water source in body?
1. transporting nutrients and waste... 2. Hormones enzyme platel…
1.5 - 3 L
Ingested fluid... Ingested food... Metabolic Oxidation
Ingested fluid
Functions of water?
1. transporting nutrients and waste... 2. Hormones enzyme platel…
Minimum/maximum water consumption?
1.5 - 3 L
fluid
you will expect to find which of the f…
if a patient is complaining of shortne…
A diet that would help prevent fluid o…
Proper balance of body fluids and elec…
Dryness and Prolonged skin tenting
Fluid Overload
Low Sodium Diet
Cells, Organs, and each of the body systems
you will expect to find which of the f…
Dryness and Prolonged skin tenting
if a patient is complaining of shortne…
Fluid Overload
26 terms
Fluid
what is the purpose of fluids and elec…
what is total body water made up of?
what are the 3 factors affecting body…
where is the feeling of thirst located…
- provide environment for chemical changes to occur... - stabili…
1) intracellular fluid (50% of body weight)... 2) extracellular…
thirst... ADH... aldosterone
hypothalamus.... osmoreceptors shrink or swell in response to o…
what is the purpose of fluids and elec…
- provide environment for chemical changes to occur... - stabili…
what is total body water made up of?
1) intracellular fluid (50% of body weight)... 2) extracellular…
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