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Study sets matching "foot leg ankle"

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Study sets matching "foot leg ankle"

35 terms
Foot, Ankle & Lower Leg
Tibia
Fibula
Medial malleolus
Lateral malleolus
Medial lower leg bone; your shin
Lateral lower leg bone
The distal end of the tibia
The distal end of the fibula
Tibia
Medial lower leg bone; your shin
Fibula
Lateral lower leg bone
39 terms
Foot, Ankle, Lower Leg
Tibia
Fibula
Tarsals
Metatarsals
Largest bone in lower leg, medial malleolus at base
Smaller lower leg bone, lateral malleolus at base
Ankle bones
Mid-foot bones
Tibia
Largest bone in lower leg, medial malleolus at base
Fibula
Smaller lower leg bone, lateral malleolus at base
53 terms
foot ankle & lower leg
hallux
digit minimus
tarsals
mtp
hallucis, another name for great/big toe
5th toe or pinky toe
refers to group of 7 bones in foot, each bone has own name. c…
metatarsophalangeal joint
hallux
hallucis, another name for great/big toe
digit minimus
5th toe or pinky toe
92 terms
Leg, Ankle & foot
Leg
Second largest bone in the body... Part o…
-Long pin-like bone ... -it is mainly a s…
-continuations of Facia lata ... -thight…
Crus
Tibia
Fibula
Crural Fascia
Leg
Crus
Second largest bone in the body... Part o…
Tibia
39 terms
Foot, Ankle, Lower Leg
Tibia
Fibula
Tarsals
Metatarsals
Largest bone in lower leg, medial malleolus at base
Smaller lower leg bone, lateral malleolus at base
Ankle bones
Mid-foot bones
Tibia
Largest bone in lower leg, medial malleolus at base
Fibula
Smaller lower leg bone, lateral malleolus at base
16 terms
Leg, Ankle & Foot
What makes up the Medial Longitudinal…
What are the 3 arches of the foot?
What makes up the Talocrural or Ankle…
What are the movements at the talocura…
calcaneus through navicular, cuneiform bones, and 3 medial me…
Medial and Lateral Longitudinal and Transverse Arch
tibia and fibula with trochlea of talus
DF and PF... -pronation: DF with slight ER and eversion... -supinat…
What makes up the Medial Longitudinal…
calcaneus through navicular, cuneiform bones, and 3 medial me…
What are the 3 arches of the foot?
Medial and Lateral Longitudinal and Transverse Arch
52 terms
Foot, Ankle, & Lower Leg
This injury occurs due to excessive in…
This injury occurs due to excessive ev…
This injury is also known as tibial st…
This injury is often mistaken a compli…
Lateral ankle sprain
Medial ankle sprain
Shin splints
Anterior compartment syndrome
This injury occurs due to excessive in…
Lateral ankle sprain
This injury occurs due to excessive ev…
Medial ankle sprain
11 terms
Lower leg: Ankle/Foot
Calcaneus
Cuboid
Talus
Medial cuneiform
Calcaneus
Cuboid
23 terms
Foot/Ankle/Leg Pathologies
Plantar Fasciitis
Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
Metatarsal Fractures
Lis franc Injury
Onset: Acute/insidious... Pain: to plantar fascia, worse after n…
Onset: Acute/insidious... Pain: pain, numbness & paresthesia alo…
Onset: Acute (or stress Fx = insidious)... Pain: radiating into…
Onset: Acute... Pain: Severe acute pain... S/S: snapping, popping o…
Plantar Fasciitis
Onset: Acute/insidious... Pain: to plantar fascia, worse after n…
Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
Onset: Acute/insidious... Pain: pain, numbness & paresthesia alo…
35 terms
The Foot, Ankle and Lower Leg
Distal Phalange
Medial Phalange
Proximal Phalange
Hallux
Bones between distal and proximal phalanges
Distal Phalange
Medial Phalange
Bones between distal and proximal phalanges
28 terms
Leg ankle joint and foot
Tibia
Crural fascia
Anterior compartment of leg ... Motion
Lateral compartment of leg... Motion?
Medial ... fibuLa Lateral
Tight fascial sleeve of leg
Dorsiflexion of foot and extension of toes
Eversion of foot
Tibia
Medial ... fibuLa Lateral
Crural fascia
Tight fascial sleeve of leg
102 terms
Lab 6: Leg, Ankle, & Foot
Tibia
Medial Condyle
Lateral Condyle
Intercondylar Eminence
of the tibia
of the tibia
of the tibia, between articular surfaces of condyles, provide…
Tibia
Medial Condyle
of the tibia
131 terms
Foot, Ankle, Leg Anatomy
Tibialis anterior origin
Tibialis anterior insertion
Tibialis anterior innervation
Tibialis anterior action
Lateral condyle of tibia; proximal half of lateral surface of…
Medial cuneiform (medial and plantar surfaces); base of the 1…
Deep fibular (L4-5)
Ankle dorsiflexion; foot (subtalar joint) inversion
Tibialis anterior origin
Lateral condyle of tibia; proximal half of lateral surface of…
Tibialis anterior insertion
Medial cuneiform (medial and plantar surfaces); base of the 1…
13 terms
Bones of the Lower leg, ankle, and foot
Talus
Calcaneus
Navicular
Cuboid
tarsal bone that forms the ankle joint
heel bone
arch shaped tarsal bone anterior to the talus and palpated on…
"cube" shaped bone that sits anterior to the talus and palpat…
Talus
tarsal bone that forms the ankle joint
Calcaneus
heel bone
21 terms
Foot, Ankle & Lower Leg
Medial Longitudinal Arch
Lateral Longitudinal Arch
Transverse Arch
Anterior Metatarsal Arch
runs along inside of foot
runs along outside of foot
runs across distal heads of tarsals
runs over distal heads of metatarsals
Medial Longitudinal Arch
runs along inside of foot
Lateral Longitudinal Arch
runs along outside of foot
27 terms
Foot, Ankle, Lower Leg
Peroneal Muscle
Anterior Tibialis Muscle
Posterior Tibialis Muscle
Gastrocnemius Muscle
Peroneal Muscle
Anterior Tibialis Muscle
33 terms
Foot, Ankle, and Leg
Identify bony and soft tissue anatomy…
Identify bony and soft tissue anatomy…
Identify bony and soft tissue anatomy…
Describe the basic biomechanics of the…
3 primary arches: anterior metatarsal arch, medial longitudin…
Identify bony and soft tissue anatomy…
Identify bony and soft tissue anatomy…
90 terms
leg, ankle & foot
leg
ankle
foot
tibia
extends from knee to ankle
joint between leg and foot
group of bones that adapt to the ground and transmit forces f…
medial and later condyles... crest... medial malleolus
leg
extends from knee to ankle
ankle
joint between leg and foot
27 terms
Leg, Ankle, Foot
Sesamoid bones of foot
Talocural joint (TCJ)
Talocural joint (TCJ) kinematics
Superior tibiofibular joint
- associated with first metatarsal head
- ankle joint... - synovial joint... *articular surfaces... - distal…
- mortise is dynamic which is important b.c talus is wider an…
- plane-type synovial joint... - slight movement
Sesamoid bones of foot
- associated with first metatarsal head
Talocural joint (TCJ)
- ankle joint... - synovial joint... *articular surfaces... - distal…
62 terms
Foot, Ankle, & Lower Leg
Principles of Rehab - ATC IS IT
3 Rehab Parameters (Specific Sequencing)
3 Categories of Bony Segments in the F…
# of Phalanges in the Foot
Avoid Aggravation... Timing... Compliance... Individualization... Specif…
Flexibility & ROM... Strength & Endurance... Proprioception
Phalanges... Metatarsals... Tarsals
14
Principles of Rehab - ATC IS IT
Avoid Aggravation... Timing... Compliance... Individualization... Specif…
3 Rehab Parameters (Specific Sequencing)
Flexibility & ROM... Strength & Endurance... Proprioception
51 terms
AL- foot,ankle, leg
Hallux(hallucis)
Digiti minimi
Tarsals
MTP
Another name for great toe or big toe
Refers to the fifth toe or pinky toe
A group of 7 bones in the foot, each bone has its own officia…
Metatarsophalangeal joint
Hallux(hallucis)
Another name for great toe or big toe
Digiti minimi
Refers to the fifth toe or pinky toe
55 terms
foot, ankle, lower leg
calcaneus
talus
navicular
cuboid
calcaneus
talus
42 terms
Foot, Ankle, & Lower Leg
Tibia
Fibula
Cuboid
1st Cuneiform
Tibia
Fibula
22 terms
Leg, Ankle, & Foot
movements of ankle
inversion sprain
eversion sprain
syndesmodic sprain
dorsiflexion... plantarflexion... eversion... inversion... pronation... supi…
most common ankle sprain... damage to lateral ligaments... -anterio…
medial ligament damage... less common due to: fibula, deltoid li…
ligaments (anterior tibiofibular, posterior tibiofibular, int…
movements of ankle
dorsiflexion... plantarflexion... eversion... inversion... pronation... supi…
inversion sprain
most common ankle sprain... damage to lateral ligaments... -anterio…
45 terms
Lower Leg, Ankle, Foot
Tarsal Bones
Talus
Navicular
Calcaneus
Calcaneus... Talus... Navicular... Cuboid... Lateral Cuneiform... Intermedia…
Head, neck and body
Navicular tuberosity
Sustentaculum tali
Tarsal Bones
Calcaneus... Talus... Navicular... Cuboid... Lateral Cuneiform... Intermedia…
Talus
Head, neck and body
37 terms
Leg, ankle, foot trauma
Causes of tibial plateau fractures
Damage to which tibial condyle is most…
Clinical features of tibial plateau fr…
Investigations of tibial plateau fract…
Direct compression e.g. femoral condyle impacting into tibial…
Lateral tibial condyle
o Knee pain (exacerbated by weight bearing)... o Swelling (haema…
Radiographs: AP + lateral + oblique ... CT may be required if d…
Causes of tibial plateau fractures
Direct compression e.g. femoral condyle impacting into tibial…
Damage to which tibial condyle is most…
Lateral tibial condyle
18 terms
Leg, Foot, and Ankle
Patella
Patella
Tibia
Tibial Tuberosity
Patella
Patella
47 terms
Foot, Ankle, Lower Leg
Peroneus brevis
Peroneus longus
Soleus
Gastrocnemius
Origin: lower 1/3 of lateral fibula... Insertion: 5th MT tubero…
Origin: head & upper 2/3 of lateral fibula... Insertion: planta…
Origin: proximal fibula, proximal 2/3 tibia, posterior... Inser…
Origin: medial & lateral condyle of femur, posterior... Inserti…
Peroneus brevis
Origin: lower 1/3 of lateral fibula... Insertion: 5th MT tubero…
Peroneus longus
Origin: head & upper 2/3 of lateral fibula... Insertion: planta…
31 terms
Foot, Ankle, Lower leg
Intercondyle eminence
Tibial Tuberosity
Medial condyle
Lateral condyle
(ACL insertion)
Intercondyle eminence
(ACL insertion)
Tibial Tuberosity
174 terms
Leg, Ankle & Foot
tibia
fibula
shaft of tibia
medial malleolus
- second largest bone... - aka shaftbone ... - weight bearing... - art…
- NOT weight bearing... - NOT involved in knee joint... - involved…
medially off the tibial crest onto flat surface... anterior aspe…
- distal medial protuberance of tibia
tibia
- second largest bone... - aka shaftbone ... - weight bearing... - art…
fibula
- NOT weight bearing... - NOT involved in knee joint... - involved…
82 terms
Ortho, Foot/Ankle/Leg
MC location for sesamoid bone
• All muscles of the lower leg attach…
What are the INTRINSIC foot muscle fun…
MC injury involving extrinsic foot mus…
MC at 1st MT head
popliteus
Fine motor skills, Pronation Control, Arch Support, Balance,…
inversion
MC location for sesamoid bone
MC at 1st MT head
• All muscles of the lower leg attach…
popliteus
32 terms
Ankle/Foot/Lower Leg
achilles tendon rupture
ankle dislocation
ankle sprain/sprain- fracture
Ottawa ankle rules
Etiology: chronic inflammation, pushing off of forefoot, knee…
Etiology: forcibly abducted, IR ... Signs and Symptoms: lots of…
1. inversion (Grade I, II, III) ... 2. eversion (5-10%)... 3. synde…
1. inability to bear weight for 4 steps... 2. tenderness over th…
achilles tendon rupture
Etiology: chronic inflammation, pushing off of forefoot, knee…
ankle dislocation
Etiology: forcibly abducted, IR ... Signs and Symptoms: lots of…
47 terms
foot, ankle and leg
1st metatarsophalangeal joint
navicular tubercle
sustentaculum tali
styloid process
located at the distal head of first metatarsal and proximal e…
1-2 inches distal to the medial malleolus
supports talus and serves as an attachment for spring ligament
prox head of 5th metatarsal, located laterally, second bony p…
1st metatarsophalangeal joint
located at the distal head of first metatarsal and proximal e…
navicular tubercle
1-2 inches distal to the medial malleolus
13 terms
lower leg/ankle/foot
lower leg
extrinsic muscles of foot
muscular compartments
lateral compartment
tibia, fibia, held together by syndesmosis
4 groups ... lateral... deep posterior... superficial posterior compar…
anterior... lateral... deep posterior... superficial posterior
peroneus longus... peroneus brevis
lower leg
tibia, fibia, held together by syndesmosis
extrinsic muscles of foot
4 groups ... lateral... deep posterior... superficial posterior compar…
17 terms
Lower leg foot/ankle
Tibia
Fibula
Calcaneus
Talus
Tibia
Fibula
111 terms
Anatomy: Leg, Ankle, Foot
largest synovial joint in the body
knee joint is formed by
knee joint innervation
knee - type of joint and movements per…
knee
lateral and medial condyles of femur... tibial plateau (tibial…
femoral nerve... obturator nerve... tibial nerve... common fibular…
modified hinge joint... flexion and extension... gliding... limited…
largest synovial joint in the body
knee
knee joint is formed by
lateral and medial condyles of femur... tibial plateau (tibial…
8 terms
Leg, Ankle, and Foot Bones
Femur
Patella
Tibia
Fibula
Thigh bone or longest bone in the body
Kneecap, sits over the front of the knee joint
Inner and larger of the two lower leg bones
Extends from the knee to the ankle
Femur
Thigh bone or longest bone in the body
Patella
Kneecap, sits over the front of the knee joint
26 terms
Leg Ankle & Foot
Gastrocnemius
Soleus
Plantaris
Popliteus
Origin: Posterior femur superior to medial condyle (medial he…
Origin: Tibia and fibula... Insertion: Achilles tendon (Tendo)…
Origin: Just superior to lateral head of gastrocnemius... Inser…
Origin: Just inferior to lateral head of gastrocnemius ... Inse…
Gastrocnemius
Origin: Posterior femur superior to medial condyle (medial he…
Soleus
Origin: Tibia and fibula... Insertion: Achilles tendon (Tendo)…
148 terms
Leg, Ankle, and Foot
Tibia
Fibular Articular Facet
Shaft (of the Tibia)
Tibial Tuberosity
Where the fibula proximally articulates with the tibia (on th…
Serves as an attachment point for the Patellar Ligament
Tibia
Fibular Articular Facet
Where the fibula proximally articulates with the tibia (on th…
10 terms
foot ankle and lower leg
soleal line
anterior tibial crest
anterior tibial border
fibular notch
posterior
anterior mid shaft
...
lateral groove at end of tibia where tibia and fibula meet
soleal line
posterior
anterior tibial crest
anterior mid shaft
36 terms
Foot, Ankle, and Lower Leg
Most common way to injure ankle
Plantarflexion
Dorsiflexion
Inversion
Inversion and Plantarflexion
downward
upward
inward
Most common way to injure ankle
Inversion and Plantarflexion
Plantarflexion
downward
20 terms
Leg Ankle and Foot Bones
femur
patella
tibia
fibula
longest bone in the body, upper leg (largest)
kneecap
shinbone, inner side of the shin
outer bone in lower leg
femur
longest bone in the body, upper leg (largest)
patella
kneecap
62 terms
Leg, ankle and foot
Superior or proximal tibiofibular join…
Inferior or distal tibiofibular joint…
Function of the lateral compartment of…
Function of the posterior compartment…
* Synovial, plane, gliding joint.
* Fibrous joint.
* Everts foot, weakly plantarflexes.
* Plantarflexes the ankle, flexes toes.
Superior or proximal tibiofibular join…
* Synovial, plane, gliding joint.
Inferior or distal tibiofibular joint…
* Fibrous joint.
11 terms
Distal leg, foot, and ankle
Gastrocnemius
Origin: lateral condyle of femur... Inser…
Soleus
Origin: border of tibia, shaft of fibu…
gastrocnemius
soleus
Gastrocnemius
Origin: lateral condyle of femur... Inser…
gastrocnemius
41 terms
Foot, Ankle and Lower Leg
4 arches of the foot
Sesamoid bones
Plantar Fascia
Fallen (flexible) arch
inner longitudinal... outer longitudinal... metatarsal... transverse
2 free floating bones under the big toe
thick tissue that "binds" the muscles and tendons of the Foot…
arch is present when non-weight-bearing... arch falls when weigh…
4 arches of the foot
inner longitudinal... outer longitudinal... metatarsal... transverse
Sesamoid bones
2 free floating bones under the big toe
44 terms
Kines: Leg, Foot, and Ankle
talocrural joint
calcaneus, navicular, cuboid, cuneifor…
joint structures of the foot
extensor digitorum longus
talus articulates with the tibia and fibula; also known as an…
tarsal bones
-subtalar... -midtarsal... -rays... -MTP... -PIP... -DIP
actions:... -dorsiflexion... -inversion... -extension of 2-5 MTP and I…
talocrural joint
talus articulates with the tibia and fibula; also known as an…
calcaneus, navicular, cuboid, cuneifor…
tarsal bones
13 terms
Leg, Ankle, and Foot Muscles
Biceps Femoris
Fibularis group (peroneus group)
Gastrocnemius
Gracilis
Origin: ischial tuberosity, linea aspera of femur... Insertion:…
Origin: anterior surface and head of fibula, lateral condyle…
Origin: lateral and medial condyles of femur... Insertion: calca…
Origin: lower edge of pubis symphysis... Insertion: medial surfa…
Biceps Femoris
Origin: ischial tuberosity, linea aspera of femur... Insertion:…
Fibularis group (peroneus group)
Origin: anterior surface and head of fibula, lateral condyle…
36 terms
Leg, Ankle, Foot
Where is there bone on bone contact wi…
Popliteal fossa order of vessels poste…
Lateral and medial malleolus
Compartments of the lower limb
At the bottom, the top is just ligaments
NVA (superior medial genicular artery and vein)
Anterior, lateral, and posterior
Where is there bone on bone contact wi…
At the bottom, the top is just ligaments
Popliteal fossa order of vessels poste…
NVA (superior medial genicular artery and vein)
112 terms
Leg/Ankle/Foot
All movement of leg is initiated by wh…
What joints is the tibia a part of?
What are the articulation points for t…
what are the articulation points for t…
flexion and extension of knee joint
knee and ankle
femoral condyles and tibial plateaus
superior lateral condyle of tibia and fibula head
All movement of leg is initiated by wh…
flexion and extension of knee joint
What joints is the tibia a part of?
knee and ankle
Foot/Ankle/Lower Leg
How many bones in the foot?
How many tarsals in the foot?
How many metatarsals in the foot?
How many phalanges in the foot?
26
7
5
14
How many bones in the foot?
26
How many tarsals in the foot?
7
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