Study sets matching "forensics 2"

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Study sets matching "forensics 2"

12 terms
Forensics Chapter 2
Chain of custody
Circumstantial evidence
Class evidence
Crime-scene investigation
The documented and unbroken transfer of evidence. ... Sentence:…
(Indirect evidence) evidence used to imply a fact but not pro…
Material that connects an individual or thing to a certain gr…
A multidisciplinary approach in which scientific and legal pr…
Chain of custody
The documented and unbroken transfer of evidence. ... Sentence:…
Circumstantial evidence
(Indirect evidence) evidence used to imply a fact but not pro…
11 terms
Forensics # 2
Accomplice
Crime Scene
Motive
Investigation
a person who takes part in a crime
The location where a crime has been committed or any place th…
something that causes a person to act; incentive
a procedure carried out to gather data about an object or event
Accomplice
a person who takes part in a crime
Crime Scene
The location where a crime has been committed or any place th…
12 terms
Forensics ch. 2
Chain of custody
Circumstantial evidence
Class evidence
Crime-scene investigation
The documented and unbroken transfer of evidence.... Sentence:…
(Indirect evidence) evidence used to imply a fact but not pro…
Material that connects an individual or thing to a certain gr…
A multidisciplinary approach in which scientific and legal pr…
Chain of custody
The documented and unbroken transfer of evidence.... Sentence:…
Circumstantial evidence
(Indirect evidence) evidence used to imply a fact but not pro…
38 terms
Forensics Chapter 1 & 2
Crime Scene
Primary Crime Scene
Secondary Crime Scene
Suspect
The place where an offense has been committed and forensic ev…
Where the original location of the crime scene
Where the alternate location where additional evidence may be…
have an idea or impression of the existence, presence, or tru…
Crime Scene
The place where an offense has been committed and forensic ev…
Primary Crime Scene
Where the original location of the crime scene
13 terms
forensics 2
fbi in quintico, va
350
35 years
miranda rights eliminates confession... d…
# one crime lab and were
how many labs nationwide
how long did growth take
3 reasons why
fbi in quintico, va
# one crime lab and were
350
how many labs nationwide
32 terms
Forensics 2
Expert Witness
Forensic Pathology
Forensic pathologist
Difference between medical examiner an…
Person with particular skill in trade or profession that aids…
Investigation of sudden unnatural Unexplained or violent deat…
Investigate cause time and manner of death by conducting auto…
Medical examiner does the autopsy and is trained a coroner is…
Expert Witness
Person with particular skill in trade or profession that aids…
Forensic Pathology
Investigation of sudden unnatural Unexplained or violent deat…
8 terms
Forensics 2
evidence
probative value
individual evidence
indirect evidence
something that tends to establish or disprove a fact
the ability of evidence to prove something that is material t…
material that can be related to a single source
evidence providing only a basis for inference about the dispu…
evidence
something that tends to establish or disprove a fact
probative value
the ability of evidence to prove something that is material t…
12 terms
Forensics Ch. 2 vocabulary
chain of custody
circumstantial evidence
crime scene investigation
crime scene reconstruction
documented and unbroken transfer of evidence
(indirect evidence) evidence used to imply a fact but not pro…
scientific and legal professionals work together to solve a c…
hypothesis of the sequence of events from before the crime wa…
chain of custody
documented and unbroken transfer of evidence
circumstantial evidence
(indirect evidence) evidence used to imply a fact but not pro…
13 terms
Forensics Chapter 2
Five stages of decomposition
Autolysis
Putrefaction
Bloating
Autolysis ... Putrefaction ... Active decay ... Advanced decay... Skeleto…
Self-digestion in gut leads to escape of bacteria.
Hemoglobin is converted into sulfa hemoglobin which gives the…
Characterized by distinct shift in composition of cadaveric b…
Five stages of decomposition
Autolysis ... Putrefaction ... Active decay ... Advanced decay... Skeleto…
Autolysis
Self-digestion in gut leads to escape of bacteria.
39 terms
Forensics (2) (Physical)
radical cations
Accidental Whorl
Whorl
Loops
When a single electron is removed from a molecule to give an…
more then two deltas, usually 3 with a central one underlinin…
2 or more deltas
One delta
radical cations
When a single electron is removed from a molecule to give an…
Accidental Whorl
more then two deltas, usually 3 with a central one underlinin…
39 terms
Forensics Chapter 2
chain of custody
circumstantial evidence
class evidence
crime-scene investigation
the documented and unbroken transfer of evidence
(indirect evidence) evidence used to imply a fact but not pro…
material that connects and individual or thing to a certain g…
a multidisciplinary approach in which scientific and legal pr…
chain of custody
the documented and unbroken transfer of evidence
circumstantial evidence
(indirect evidence) evidence used to imply a fact but not pro…
45 terms
Forensics- Ch. 2 The Crime Scene
Locard's Exchange
intensity, duration, nature of the crime
direct
circumstantial
This principle states that whenever 2 objects come in contact…
The three factors affect the amount of evidence transferred d…
Firsthand observations such as eyewitness account, videos, co…
Indirect evidence that can be used to imply a fact but does n…
Locard's Exchange
This principle states that whenever 2 objects come in contact…
intensity, duration, nature of the crime
The three factors affect the amount of evidence transferred d…
15 terms
Chapter 2 Forensics
observing
forensics
eyewitness
direct evidence
using one or more of your senses to gather information
scientific study of crime scene evidence
a spectator to an event who can describe what happened
eyewitness accounts or video accounts
observing
using one or more of your senses to gather information
forensics
scientific study of crime scene evidence
15 terms
Forensics Unit 2
physical evidence
crime scene
first responder
overview photographs
Any object that can establish that a crime has been committed…
Any physical location in which a crime has occurred
the first police officer to arrive at a crime scene
Show the crime scene in wide angles.
physical evidence
Any object that can establish that a crime has been committed…
crime scene
Any physical location in which a crime has occurred
Forensics Test 2
Provide 4 substances which are classif…
From what plant does heroin and morphi…
From what region do most opiates origi…
Do opiates have any legitimate medical…
Codeine, morphine, heroin, oxycontin, methadone
Opium, extracted from poppies
Middle east
Treatments for chronic pain and end of life care
Provide 4 substances which are classif…
Codeine, morphine, heroin, oxycontin, methadone
From what plant does heroin and morphi…
Opium, extracted from poppies
forensics 2
The goal of crime-scene investigation
Authorities must prove that a
Authorities must prove that the person…
Top 3 reasons for committing a crime
to recognize, document, and collect evidence at the scene of…
crime occured
responsible
money revenge emotion
The goal of crime-scene investigation
to recognize, document, and collect evidence at the scene of…
Authorities must prove that a
crime occured
27 terms
Forensics 2
Anagen
Catogen
Telogen
Coronal
Growing hair
Partially growing
no longer growing or attached
Crown looking cuticle
Anagen
Growing hair
Catogen
Partially growing
51 terms
Forensics unit 1.2
5 manners of death
Cause of death
Mechanism of death
Medical examiner
-natural... -accidental... -suicidal... -homicidal... -undetermined
Reason someone dies
Specific change that ended life
Determines cause and mechanism of death
5 manners of death
-natural... -accidental... -suicidal... -homicidal... -undetermined
Cause of death
Reason someone dies
14 terms
forensics 2
algor mortis
autolysis
cause of death
death
is the cooling of the body after death
the break down of cells when they self-digest
reason for a person death
end of a life
algor mortis
is the cooling of the body after death
autolysis
the break down of cells when they self-digest
20 terms
Forensics 2
A, an
Agri
Anti
Barb
Not; without; lacking; deficient
Field; soil
Against; opposite
Beard
A, an
Not; without; lacking; deficient
Agri
Field; soil
Forensics 2
Algor mortis
Autolysis
Cause of death
Death
The cooling of the body after death
The spontaneous breakdown of cells as they self-digest
The immediate reason for a persons death (such as a heart att…
The cessation, or end, of life
Algor mortis
The cooling of the body after death
Autolysis
The spontaneous breakdown of cells as they self-digest
12 terms
Forensics 2
Chain of custody
Circumstantial evidence
Class Evidence
Crime Scene Investigation
The documented an unbroken transfer of evidence
(indirect evidence) evidence used to imply a fact but not pro…
Material that connects an individual or thing to a certain gr…
a multidisciplinary approach in which scientific and legal pr…
Chain of custody
The documented an unbroken transfer of evidence
Circumstantial evidence
(indirect evidence) evidence used to imply a fact but not pro…
12 terms
Forensics 2
Chain of custody
Circumstantial evidence
Class evidence
Crime scene investigation
The document and unbroken transfer of evidence
Evidence used to imply a fact but not prove it directly
Material that connects an individual or thing to a certain gr…
A multidisciplinary approch in which scientific and legal pro…
Chain of custody
The document and unbroken transfer of evidence
Circumstantial evidence
Evidence used to imply a fact but not prove it directly
10 terms
Forensics 2
Hyper
Hypo-, sub-
Ichthyes
Inter-
More, excessive
Less, below
Fish
Between
Hyper
More, excessive
Hypo-, sub-
Less, below
Forensics #2
Mandatory Domestic Violence arrest law…
The leading cause of death for Caucasi…
Persons aged 18-23 are at the highest…
Stalkers who are strangers are most li…
True
false
true
false
Mandatory Domestic Violence arrest law…
True
The leading cause of death for Caucasi…
false
forensics 2
carries both the cell and the plasma
fights disease and foreign invaders
carries oxygen to the blood cells
aid in blood clotting
whole blood
white blood cells
red blood cells
platelets
carries both the cell and the plasma
whole blood
fights disease and foreign invaders
white blood cells
31 terms
forensics 2
4th amendment
5th amendment
6th amendment
7th amendment
person secure in house, papers, and effects... no unreasonable s…
no one can be put on trial for a serious crime, unless a gran…
innocent until proven guilty... 6 rights: speedy trial, public t…
disputes less that $75000 will not be handled in federal cour…
4th amendment
person secure in house, papers, and effects... no unreasonable s…
5th amendment
no one can be put on trial for a serious crime, unless a gran…
15 terms
Forensics 2
Criminologist
Detective
CSI
Prep, approach scene
Studies criminal mind. Often has a masters/doctorate in psych.
Police officer that investigates crime
Investigates for physical evidence. No state standard, needs…
First two steps of general procedure for searching physical e…
Criminologist
Studies criminal mind. Often has a masters/doctorate in psych.
Detective
Police officer that investigates crime
23 terms
Forensics 2
1st use of fingerprints to identify cr…
Fingerprints are permanent and unique
Anthropometry
Dr henry faulds
During the reign of babylonian king hammurabi (1792-1750 bc)
Not even identical twins share the same fingerprints
System of identification measuring certain bony parts of the.…
1st to use printer ink as a transfer medium for fingerprinting
1st use of fingerprints to identify cr…
During the reign of babylonian king hammurabi (1792-1750 bc)
Fingerprints are permanent and unique
Not even identical twins share the same fingerprints
FORENSICS EXAM 2
what does ESDA stand for?
what is ESDA?
what variables were investigated?
does the aging of cascade developer ha…
electrostatic detection apparatus
most commonly used technique to visualize indented impression…
effects of different levels of indentation on different types…
no. the surface of the glass beads re affected through repeat…
what does ESDA stand for?
electrostatic detection apparatus
what is ESDA?
most commonly used technique to visualize indented impression…
15 terms
Forensics 2
Criminologist
Detective
CSI
Prep, approach scene
Studies criminal mind. Often has a masters/doctorate in psych.
Police officer that investigates crime
Investigates for physical evidence. No state standard, needs…
First two steps of general procedure for searching physical e…
Criminologist
Studies criminal mind. Often has a masters/doctorate in psych.
Detective
Police officer that investigates crime
Forensics 2
Biological Evidence
chain of custody
circumstantial evidence
class evidence
DNA
legal method of documenting lab testing process security
information about a crime that can be inferred from other facts
Material that connects an individual or thing to a certain gr…
Biological Evidence
DNA
chain of custody
legal method of documenting lab testing process security
23 terms
Forensics 2
STR
RFLP
ADME
Analgesic
Short Tandem Repeat: repetitive regions of the DNA. Short seq…
Restriction fragment length polymorphism: 3 billion base pair…
Activation Stage: absorption and distribution. Deactivation S…
Pain relieving drugs
STR
Short Tandem Repeat: repetitive regions of the DNA. Short seq…
RFLP
Restriction fragment length polymorphism: 3 billion base pair…
76 terms
Forensics 2
forensic analysis process
hypothesis
repeatability
reduces bias, reaches objective conclu…
Form explanations for what caused the evidence
an explanation based on the evidence
the gold standard of forensic analysis; everyone should be ab…
three reasons for using the scientific method
forensic analysis process
Form explanations for what caused the evidence
hypothesis
an explanation based on the evidence
50 terms
Forensics 2
physical evidence
Collected: Blood and other body fluids…
Collected: Blood and other body fluids…
Collected: Tissues (3)
Objects that can establish that a crime has been committed or…
-Use an eyedropper to transfer to sterile container... -For smal…
-Scrape for surface with clean blade or scalpel... -Collect arti…
-Remove with tweezers... -Place in glass container... -Forward to m…
physical evidence
Objects that can establish that a crime has been committed or…
Collected: Blood and other body fluids…
-Use an eyedropper to transfer to sterile container... -For smal…
49 terms
forensics 2
hired by LAPD in 1968 as the first ful…
first police officer to earn a doctora…
Who used psych in law enforcement first?
how many index scores does the WAIS have
Martin Reiser
Harvey Schlossberg
Lewis terman
4
hired by LAPD in 1968 as the first ful…
Martin Reiser
first police officer to earn a doctora…
Harvey Schlossberg
15 terms
Forensics 2
tempered glass
radius fracture
density gradient tube
cortex
A type of safety glass processed by controlled thermal or che…
A common bone fracture of the radius in the forearm. Because…
a tube filled with layers of two liquids mixed in varying pro…
The outer layer of an organ or body part, such as the cerebru…
tempered glass
A type of safety glass processed by controlled thermal or che…
radius fracture
A common bone fracture of the radius in the forearm. Because…
20 terms
Forensics 2
a-;an-
agri-
anti-
barb-
not;without;lacking;deficient
field;soil
against;opposite
beard
a-;an-
not;without;lacking;deficient
agri-
field;soil
89 terms
forensics 2
antagonists
drug screen adv.
drug screen disadv.
drugged driving
drugs that bind to a receptor but dont cause it to exert the…
can indicate drug presence ... potentially provide ID... helpful in…
do not absolutely confirm presence ... require multiple testing…
no definitions of impairment or influence bc drug effects var…
antagonists
drugs that bind to a receptor but dont cause it to exert the…
drug screen adv.
can indicate drug presence ... potentially provide ID... helpful in…
Forensics 2
electron microscope
Comparison scope
Polarizing microscope
Cuticle
beam of electrons, kills organism, highing magnification
Used to compare any physical evidence
Alters type of light
Scales that cover the hair, class evidence
electron microscope
beam of electrons, kills organism, highing magnification
Comparison scope
Used to compare any physical evidence
Forensics #2
Chain of custody
Circumstantial evidence
Class rvidence
Crime-scene investigation
The documented and unbroken transfer of evidence
(Indirect evidence) evidence used imply fact but not prove it…
Material that connects an individual or thing to a certain gr…
A multi-disciplinary approach in which scientific and legal p…
Chain of custody
The documented and unbroken transfer of evidence
Circumstantial evidence
(Indirect evidence) evidence used imply fact but not prove it…
15 terms
Forensics 2
Tempered glass
Radial fracture
Density gradient tube
Cortex
Glass strengthened through rapid heating and cooling
A fracture that looks like a spider web
Soil is added to a tube with water so the soil goes to the eq…
Main body of hair shaft
Tempered glass
Glass strengthened through rapid heating and cooling
Radial fracture
A fracture that looks like a spider web
Forensics 2
Analyte
Solvent
Solute
Physical separation methods
substance being analyzed
Liquid used to dissolve analyte
Substance dissolved in solvent
-tweezers... -Sifting for size... -visual... -need to preserve the evi…
Analyte
substance being analyzed
Solvent
Liquid used to dissolve analyte
25 terms
Forensics Chapter 2
Physical Evidence
Crime Scene Processing
Spiral Search
Line Search
any and all objects that establish that a crime has been comm…
1. Secure/ isolate crime scene... 2.Record crime scene (photos,n…
Which search method requires Officers to follow each other in…
stand in a line and walk in a line looking down for evidence…
Physical Evidence
any and all objects that establish that a crime has been comm…
Crime Scene Processing
1. Secure/ isolate crime scene... 2.Record crime scene (photos,n…
25 terms
Forensics 2
Sketches, photographs, 3D models
Direct/ circumstantial
Physical/ biological
Direct evidence
How to preserve a crime scene
Types of evidence
Type of circumstantial evidence
Shows something is a fact without a doubt
Sketches, photographs, 3D models
How to preserve a crime scene
Direct/ circumstantial
Types of evidence
Forensics 2
Which amendment protects against unrea…
how are guns packed? (fire and bloody)
spiral grid
line search grid
4th amendment
rigidly in a wooden or cardboard container to avoid scratches…
a single piece of evidence is found outdoors
large areas indoors or outdoors
Which amendment protects against unrea…
4th amendment
how are guns packed? (fire and bloody)
rigidly in a wooden or cardboard container to avoid scratches…
17 terms
Forensics 2
Testimonial evidence
Physical evidence
Class evidence
Individual evidence
Statement made under oath; also known as direct evidence or p…
Any object or material that is relevant in a crime; also know…
No way to determine if something came from a certain object;…
Can be identified with a particular person or single source
Testimonial evidence
Statement made under oath; also known as direct evidence or p…
Physical evidence
Any object or material that is relevant in a crime; also know…
17 terms
forensics 2
anabolic steroids
analgesic
chromatography
confirmation
synthetic complaints chemically related to the male sex hormo…
a substance that eliminates pain
any of several analyptical techniques for separating organic…
a single test that specifically identifies a substance
anabolic steroids
synthetic complaints chemically related to the male sex hormo…
analgesic
a substance that eliminates pain
Forensics 2
Physiognomy
Phrenology
Criminal man
Somatotypes
Study of facial features... Certain ones associated with crimina…
Study of bumps on the head ... Lumpier skull is more crime
Born criminal... Less evolved
Body type is what personality
Physiognomy
Study of facial features... Certain ones associated with crimina…
Phrenology
Study of bumps on the head ... Lumpier skull is more crime
89 terms
forensics 2
Pathologist
medical examiner
coroner
3 types of pathologist
studies disease and what causes them and diagnosis them
a doctor, usually pathologist - MARY CASE IS THE ME FOR STL.…
not a medical professional
diagnostician ... investigator... teacher
Pathologist
studies disease and what causes them and diagnosis them
medical examiner
a doctor, usually pathologist - MARY CASE IS THE ME FOR STL.…
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