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Study sets matching "forensics 2"

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Study sets matching "forensics 2"

12 terms
Forensics Chapter 2
Chain of custody
Circumstantial evidence
Class evidence
Crime-scene investigation
The documented and unbroken transfer of evidence. ... Sentence:…
(Indirect evidence) evidence used to imply a fact but not pro…
Material that connects an individual or thing to a certain gr…
A multidisciplinary approach in which scientific and legal pr…
Chain of custody
The documented and unbroken transfer of evidence. ... Sentence:…
Circumstantial evidence
(Indirect evidence) evidence used to imply a fact but not pro…
11 terms
Forensics # 2
Accomplice
Crime Scene
Motive
Investigation
a person who takes part in a crime
The location where a crime has been committed or any place th…
something that causes a person to act; incentive
a procedure carried out to gather data about an object or event
Accomplice
a person who takes part in a crime
Crime Scene
The location where a crime has been committed or any place th…
38 terms
Forensics Chapter 1 & 2
Crime Scene
Primary Crime Scene
Secondary Crime Scene
Suspect
The place where an offense has been committed and forensic ev…
Where the original location of the crime scene
Where the alternate location where additional evidence may be…
have an idea or impression of the existence, presence, or tru…
Crime Scene
The place where an offense has been committed and forensic ev…
Primary Crime Scene
Where the original location of the crime scene
12 terms
Forensics Ch. 2 vocabulary
chain of custody
circumstantial evidence
crime scene investigation
crime scene reconstruction
documented and unbroken transfer of evidence
(indirect evidence) evidence used to imply a fact but not pro…
scientific and legal professionals work together to solve a c…
hypothesis of the sequence of events from before the crime wa…
chain of custody
documented and unbroken transfer of evidence
circumstantial evidence
(indirect evidence) evidence used to imply a fact but not pro…
39 terms
Forensics (2) (Physical)
radical cations
Accidental Whorl
Whorl
Loops
When a single electron is removed from a molecule to give an…
more then two deltas, usually 3 with a central one underlinin…
2 or more deltas
One delta
radical cations
When a single electron is removed from a molecule to give an…
Accidental Whorl
more then two deltas, usually 3 with a central one underlinin…
12 terms
Forensics ch. 2
Chain of custody
Circumstantial evidence
Class evidence
Crime-scene investigation
The documented and unbroken transfer of evidence.... Sentence:…
(Indirect evidence) evidence used to imply a fact but not pro…
Material that connects an individual or thing to a certain gr…
A multidisciplinary approach in which scientific and legal pr…
Chain of custody
The documented and unbroken transfer of evidence.... Sentence:…
Circumstantial evidence
(Indirect evidence) evidence used to imply a fact but not pro…
45 terms
Forensics- Ch. 2 The Crime Scene
Locard's Exchange
intensity, duration, nature of the crime
direct
circumstantial
This principle states that whenever 2 objects come in contact…
The three factors affect the amount of evidence transferred d…
Firsthand observations such as eyewitness account, videos, co…
Indirect evidence that can be used to imply a fact but does n…
Locard's Exchange
This principle states that whenever 2 objects come in contact…
intensity, duration, nature of the crime
The three factors affect the amount of evidence transferred d…
27 terms
Forensics 2
Anagen
Catogen
Telogen
Coronal
Growing hair
Partially growing
no longer growing or attached
Crown looking cuticle
Anagen
Growing hair
Catogen
Partially growing
17 terms
Forensics 2
Which amendment protects against unrea…
how are guns packed? (fire and bloody)
spiral grid
line search grid
4th amendment
rigidly in a wooden or cardboard container to avoid scratches…
a single piece of evidence is found outdoors
large areas indoors or outdoors
Which amendment protects against unrea…
4th amendment
how are guns packed? (fire and bloody)
rigidly in a wooden or cardboard container to avoid scratches…
13 terms
Forensics Chapter 2
Five stages of decomposition
Autolysis
Putrefaction
Bloating
Autolysis ... Putrefaction ... Active decay ... Advanced decay... Skeleto…
Self-digestion in gut leads to escape of bacteria.
Hemoglobin is converted into sulfa hemoglobin which gives the…
Characterized by distinct shift in composition of cadaveric b…
Five stages of decomposition
Autolysis ... Putrefaction ... Active decay ... Advanced decay... Skeleto…
Autolysis
Self-digestion in gut leads to escape of bacteria.
forensics 2
The goal of crime-scene investigation
Authorities must prove that a
Authorities must prove that the person…
Top 3 reasons for committing a crime
to recognize, document, and collect evidence at the scene of…
crime occured
responsible
money revenge emotion
The goal of crime-scene investigation
to recognize, document, and collect evidence at the scene of…
Authorities must prove that a
crime occured
13 terms
forensics 2
fbi in quintico, va
350
35 years
miranda rights eliminates confession... d…
# one crime lab and were
how many labs nationwide
how long did growth take
3 reasons why
fbi in quintico, va
# one crime lab and were
350
how many labs nationwide
8 terms
Forensics 2
evidence
probative value
individual evidence
indirect evidence
something that tends to establish or disprove a fact
the ability of evidence to prove something that is material t…
material that can be related to a single source
evidence providing only a basis for inference about the dispu…
evidence
something that tends to establish or disprove a fact
probative value
the ability of evidence to prove something that is material t…
15 terms
Forensics 2
Pathology
Medical Examiner
Mechanism of Death
Cause of Death
The science of the causes and effects of disease.
A qualified medical officer whose specialty is examining deat…
The way someone is killed.
What killed the person.
Pathology
The science of the causes and effects of disease.
Medical Examiner
A qualified medical officer whose specialty is examining deat…
318 terms
FORENSICS EXAM 2
Bloodstain Pattern Analysis theory
principles in BPA
pattern diversity principle
the principle of stain shape and vecto…
Blood as a... fluid responds to forces in a predictable... manner.
Pattern Diversity Principle... Correlation of Stain Shape and V…
The variations in combinations of blood volumes and forces... ac…
The shape of a bloodstain provides indicators as to the... direc…
Bloodstain Pattern Analysis theory
Blood as a... fluid responds to forces in a predictable... manner.
principles in BPA
Pattern Diversity Principle... Correlation of Stain Shape and V…
27 terms
Forensics Chapter 2
Requirements of a Forensic Investigator
How to be a good observer
Physical Evidence
First responders
must be able to identify the evidence, record it, and determi…
examine our environment systematically, consciously decide to…
any and all objects that can establish that a crime has been…
police officers who discover and secure the crime scene. Firs…
Requirements of a Forensic Investigator
must be able to identify the evidence, record it, and determi…
How to be a good observer
examine our environment systematically, consciously decide to…
15 terms
Chapter 2 Forensics
observing
forensics
eyewitness
direct evidence
using one or more of your senses to gather information
scientific study of crime scene evidence
a spectator to an event who can describe what happened
eyewitness accounts or video accounts
observing
using one or more of your senses to gather information
forensics
scientific study of crime scene evidence
296 terms
FORENSICS EXAM 2
what does ESDA stand for?
what is ESDA?
what variables were investigated?
does the aging of cascade developer ha…
electrostatic detection apparatus
most commonly used technique to visualize indented impression…
effects of different levels of indentation on different types…
no. the surface of the glass beads re affected through repeat…
what does ESDA stand for?
electrostatic detection apparatus
what is ESDA?
most commonly used technique to visualize indented impression…
25 terms
Forensics Chapter 2
Physical Evidence
Crime Scene Processing
Spiral Search
Line Search
any and all objects that establish that a crime has been comm…
1. Secure/ isolate crime scene... 2.Record crime scene (photos,n…
Which search method requires Officers to follow each other in…
stand in a line and walk in a line looking down for evidence…
Physical Evidence
any and all objects that establish that a crime has been comm…
Crime Scene Processing
1. Secure/ isolate crime scene... 2.Record crime scene (photos,n…
163 terms
Forensics Test 2
Provide 4 substances which are classif…
From what plant does heroin and morphi…
From what region do most opiates origi…
Do opiates have any legitimate medical…
Codeine, morphine, heroin, oxycontin, methadone
Opium, extracted from poppies
Middle east
Treatments for chronic pain and end of life care
Provide 4 substances which are classif…
Codeine, morphine, heroin, oxycontin, methadone
From what plant does heroin and morphi…
Opium, extracted from poppies
51 terms
Forensics unit 1.2
5 manners of death
Cause of death
Mechanism of death
Medical examiner
-natural... -accidental... -suicidal... -homicidal... -undetermined
Reason someone dies
Specific change that ended life
Determines cause and mechanism of death
5 manners of death
-natural... -accidental... -suicidal... -homicidal... -undetermined
Cause of death
Reason someone dies
12 terms
Chapter 2 Vocab for Forensics
chain of custody
circumstantial evidence
class evidence
crime-scene investigation
the documented and unbroken transfer of evidence
(indirect evidence) evidence used to imply a fact but not pro…
material that connects and individual or thing to a certain g…
a multidisciplinary approach in which scientific and legal pr…
chain of custody
the documented and unbroken transfer of evidence
circumstantial evidence
(indirect evidence) evidence used to imply a fact but not pro…
20 terms
Forensics 2
A
Agri
Anti
Barb
Not
Field
Against
Beard
A
Not
Agri
Field
10 terms
Forensics 2
Hyper
Hypo-, sub-
Ichthyes
Inter-
More, excessive
Less, below
Fish
Between
Hyper
More, excessive
Hypo-, sub-
Less, below
31 terms
forensics 2
4th amendment
5th amendment
6th amendment
7th amendment
person secure in house, papers, and effects... no unreasonable s…
no one can be put on trial for a serious crime, unless a gran…
innocent until proven guilty... 6 rights: speedy trial, public t…
disputes less that $75000 will not be handled in federal cour…
4th amendment
person secure in house, papers, and effects... no unreasonable s…
5th amendment
no one can be put on trial for a serious crime, unless a gran…
15 terms
FORENSICS 2
arch
allele
chromosome
core
a fingerprinting pattern in which the ridge pattern originate…
an alternate form of a gene; for example, a gene for human ha…
a cell structure that contains genetic info along strands of…
a center of a loop of whorl
arch
a fingerprinting pattern in which the ridge pattern originate…
allele
an alternate form of a gene; for example, a gene for human ha…
15 terms
Forensics 2
Criminologist
Detective
CSI
Prep, approach scene
Studies criminal mind. Often has a masters/doctorate in psych.
Police officer that investigates crime
Investigates for physical evidence. No state standard, needs…
First two steps of general procedure for searching physical e…
Criminologist
Studies criminal mind. Often has a masters/doctorate in psych.
Detective
Police officer that investigates crime
20 terms
Forensics 2
a-;an-
agri-
anti-
barb-
not;without;lacking;deficient
field;soil
against;opposite
beard
a-;an-
not;without;lacking;deficient
agri-
field;soil
17 terms
Forensics 2
Testimonial evidence
Physical evidence
Class evidence
Individual evidence
Statement made under oath; also known as direct evidence or p…
Any object or material that is relevant in a crime; also know…
No way to determine if something came from a certain object;…
Can be identified with a particular person or single source
Testimonial evidence
Statement made under oath; also known as direct evidence or p…
Physical evidence
Any object or material that is relevant in a crime; also know…
36 terms
forensics 2
Fiber
filament
rotatoin mthod
fluorescence
composed of many filaments twisted or bonded together to form…
a single strand of material, usually twisted with other filam…
based on the idea that particles will float
absorbs light of a shorter wave length and emits light of a l…
Fiber
composed of many filaments twisted or bonded together to form…
filament
a single strand of material, usually twisted with other filam…
59 terms
Forensics 2
Ballistics
Grooves
Lands
Bore
study of how bullets move through space
cut or low lying portions of the gun barrel
raised space between grooves
interior of the gun barrel
Ballistics
study of how bullets move through space
Grooves
cut or low lying portions of the gun barrel
17 terms
Forensics 2
Corpus Delicti
Secondary Crime Scene
Legend
Spiral Search
Body of the crime.
Related to a crime but not where it actually took place.
A table on a map, chart, or the like, listing and explaining…
Officers move inward or outward, with team members moving in…
Corpus Delicti
Body of the crime.
Secondary Crime Scene
Related to a crime but not where it actually took place.
36 terms
Forensics 2
Blowfly 1st life stage
1st instar
2nd instar
3rd instar
Egg 23hrs
2.5mm, 27hrs
6-10mm, 22 hrs
11-20mm, 130 hrs
Blowfly 1st life stage
Egg 23hrs
1st instar
2.5mm, 27hrs
14 terms
Forensics 2
Chain of custody
Circumstantial evidence
Class evidence
Crime scene investigation
The documented and unbroken transfer of evidence
Evidence used to imply a fact but not support it directly
Material that connects an individual or thing to a certain gr…
A multidisciplinary approach in which scientific and legal pr…
Chain of custody
The documented and unbroken transfer of evidence
Circumstantial evidence
Evidence used to imply a fact but not support it directly
15 terms
Forensics 2
Natural fibers
Cuticle
Tempered glass
Radial fractures
Substances produced by plants that can be spun into threads
Hard skin around base of fingernails
Safety glass increased strength
Common broken bone in wrist
Natural fibers
Substances produced by plants that can be spun into threads
Cuticle
Hard skin around base of fingernails
14 terms
Forensics 2
Actually proves something
Addresses an issue that is relevant to…
Typically inadmissible in the court of…
Person had a reason to do the crime
Probative
Material
Heartsey
Motive
Actually proves something
Probative
Addresses an issue that is relevant to…
Material
30 terms
forensics 2
material collected from a known locati…
which is an example of transient evide…
another term for testimonial evidence is
class evidence is
questioned sample
evaporating odor
direct evidence
associated only with a group of items
material collected from a known locati…
questioned sample
which is an example of transient evide…
evaporating odor
64 terms
Forensics 2
Gene
DNA
Polymer
Nucloetide
Fundamental unit of heredity
Each gene is composed of this, specifically designed to carry…
Very large molecule made by linking a series of repeating units
Composed of a sugar molecule, a phosphorous containing group,…
Gene
Fundamental unit of heredity
DNA
Each gene is composed of this, specifically designed to carry…
28 terms
Forensics 2
is a security information and event ma…
To report viewing for key security inf…
is a connection-oriented packet sniffe…
is a network analysis tool used to qui…
Activeworx Security Center
GFI EventsManager
EtherDetect Packer Sniffer
OmniPeek
is a security information and event ma…
Activeworx Security Center
To report viewing for key security inf…
GFI EventsManager
15 terms
Forensics 2
Tempered Glass
Radial Fractures
Density-Gradient Tube
Cortex
Glass strengthened to make it stronger than ordinary glass.
Fracture patterns on glass that can be used to determine wher…
A density gradient is a tube filled with layers of two liquid…
the outer layer of the cerebrum (the cerebral cortex ), compo…
Tempered Glass
Glass strengthened to make it stronger than ordinary glass.
Radial Fractures
Fracture patterns on glass that can be used to determine wher…
26 terms
forensics 2
USS Cole
underneath the USS cole, aden sites as…
anagen
telogen
-1996... -killed 17 soldiers ... -identified by DNA and shoe print…
where was all the evidence from for the USS Cole
active growth
period of time when hair
USS Cole
-1996... -killed 17 soldiers ... -identified by DNA and shoe print…
underneath the USS cole, aden sites as…
where was all the evidence from for the USS Cole
36 terms
Forensics #2
Fiber
filament
Flotation Method
Fluorescence
Composed of many filaments twisted or bonded together to form…
a single strand of material, usually twister with other filam…
Based on the idea that a particle will float on a liquid that…
A property of a material that absorbs light of a shorter wave…
Fiber
Composed of many filaments twisted or bonded together to form…
filament
a single strand of material, usually twister with other filam…
14 terms
Forensics #2
3 goals of a crime scene investigator
Locards exchange of principles
4 example if transfered evidence
Direct evidence
Recongize, document, collect evidence
The cross transfer of evidence
(Trace evidence) pet hair on clothes ir rugs, hair on brush,…
Includes 1st hand observations such as eyewitness accounts or…
3 goals of a crime scene investigator
Recongize, document, collect evidence
Locards exchange of principles
The cross transfer of evidence
20 terms
Forensics 2
A, an
Agri
Anti
Barb
Not; without; lacking; deficient
Field; soil
Against; opposite
Beard
A, an
Not; without; lacking; deficient
Agri
Field; soil
12 terms
Forensics 2
Revolver
Auto-Loading Pistol
Rifle
Shotgun
A firearm designed to be fired form the hand and having a rif…
A firearm designed to be fired from the hand and having a rif…
A firearm with a rifled barrel designed to be fired form the…
A firearm with a smooth bored barrel designed to fire multipl…
Revolver
A firearm designed to be fired form the hand and having a rif…
Auto-Loading Pistol
A firearm designed to be fired from the hand and having a rif…
14 terms
forensics 2
algor mortis
autolysis
cause of death
death
is the cooling of the body after death
the break down of cells when they self-digest
reason for a person death
end of a life
algor mortis
is the cooling of the body after death
autolysis
the break down of cells when they self-digest
17 terms
Forensics 2
Tempered glass
Radial fractures
Density gradient tube
Spectrophotometry
Glass that goes through a slow heating process to make the gl…
Fractures in glass that radiate from the impact point
A tune filled wih two different density liquids to determine…
Used to identify toxins or poisons by wavelenghts
Tempered glass
Glass that goes through a slow heating process to make the gl…
Radial fractures
Fractures in glass that radiate from the impact point
13 terms
Forensics 2
Algor mortis
Autolysis
Cause of death
Death
The cooling of the body after death
The spontaneous breakdown of cells as they self-digest
The immediate reason for a persons death (such as a heart att…
The cessation, or end, of life
Algor mortis
The cooling of the body after death
Autolysis
The spontaneous breakdown of cells as they self-digest
32 terms
Forensics 2
Expert Witness
Forensic Pathology
Forensic pathologist
Difference between medical examiner an…
Person with particular skill in trade or profession that aids…
Investigation of sudden unnatural Unexplained or violent deat…
Investigate cause time and manner of death by conducting auto…
Medical examiner does the autopsy and is trained a coroner is…
Expert Witness
Person with particular skill in trade or profession that aids…
Forensic Pathology
Investigation of sudden unnatural Unexplained or violent deat…
12 terms
Forensics 2
Chain of custody
Circumstantial evidence
Class Evidence
Crime Scene Investigation
The documented an unbroken transfer of evidence
(indirect evidence) evidence used to imply a fact but not pro…
Material that connects an individual or thing to a certain gr…
a multidisciplinary approach in which scientific and legal pr…
Chain of custody
The documented an unbroken transfer of evidence
Circumstantial evidence
(indirect evidence) evidence used to imply a fact but not pro…
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