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Study sets matching "formulas bonding chemical"

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Study sets matching "formulas bonding chemical"

32 terms
Chemical Bonding - Chemical Formulas
Compound
Octet Rule
Ion
Ionic Bond
A substance that is made up of two or more different elements…
When bonding occurs, atoms tend to reach an electron arrangem…
A charged atom or group of atoms.
The force of attraction between oppositely charged ions in a…
Compound
A substance that is made up of two or more different elements…
Octet Rule
When bonding occurs, atoms tend to reach an electron arrangem…
16 terms
Chemical Bonding: Chemical Formulas
Compound
The Octet Rule
Ion
Ionic Bond
A substance that is made up of 2 or more different elements c…
When bonding occurs, atoms tend to reach an electron arrangem…
A charged atom or group of atoms.
The force of attraction between oppositely charged ions in a…
Compound
A substance that is made up of 2 or more different elements c…
The Octet Rule
When bonding occurs, atoms tend to reach an electron arrangem…
8 terms
Chemical Bonding: chemical formulas
Compound
Chemical bond
Octet Rule
Cation
A substance that is made up of two or more different elements…
The attractive forces that hold the atoms together.
When bonding occurs, atoms tend to reach an electron arrangem…
Positive ion. Looses electrons
Compound
A substance that is made up of two or more different elements…
Chemical bond
The attractive forces that hold the atoms together.
16 terms
Chemical bonding: Chemical Formulas
Compound
Octet rule
Ion
Ionic bond
A substance that is made up of two or more different elements…
When bonding occurs, atoms tend to reach an electron arrangem…
A charged atom or group of atoms
The force of attraction between oppositely charged ions in a…
Compound
A substance that is made up of two or more different elements…
Octet rule
When bonding occurs, atoms tend to reach an electron arrangem…
9 terms
Chemical Formulas and Bonding
Chemical Formula
Subsript
Written and implied subscripts
Binary Compounds
Combines chemical symbols and numbers to represent a compound…
Small numbers to the lower right of the chemical symbol, repr…
The number of molecules in a compound can be found by adding…
Compounds made of only two elements. Metals and non-metals ar…
Chemical Formula
Combines chemical symbols and numbers to represent a compound…
Subsript
Small numbers to the lower right of the chemical symbol, repr…
15 terms
Chemical Bonding, Formulas and Equations
Element
Compound
Molecule
chemical formula
A substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substan…
A substance made up of two or more different types of atoms c…
A group of atoms that are held together by chemical bonds
Uses chemical symbols to show the elements and how many atoms…
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substan…
Compound
A substance made up of two or more different types of atoms c…
20 terms
Chemical Bonding: Chemical Formulas
A compound
Octet Rule
An ion
An ionic bond
is a substance that is made up of two or more different eleme…
when bonding occurs, atoms tend to reach an electron arrangem…
is a charged atom or group of atoms
is the force of attraction between oppositely charged ions in…
A compound
is a substance that is made up of two or more different eleme…
Octet Rule
when bonding occurs, atoms tend to reach an electron arrangem…
24 terms
Chemical Bonding: Chemical Formulas
A compound
The Octet Rule
An ion
Ionic bond
A substance that is made up of 2 or more different elements c…
When bonding occurs, atoms tend to reach an electron arrangem…
A charged atom or group of atoms.
The force of attraction between oppositely charged ions in a…
A compound
A substance that is made up of 2 or more different elements c…
The Octet Rule
When bonding occurs, atoms tend to reach an electron arrangem…
20 terms
chemical bonding- chemical formulas
compound
octet rule
ion
ionic bond
substance that is made up of two or more different elements c…
when bonding occurs, atoms tend to reach an electron arrangem…
charged atom or group of atoms
force of attraction between oppositely charged ions in a comp…
compound
substance that is made up of two or more different elements c…
octet rule
when bonding occurs, atoms tend to reach an electron arrangem…
17 terms
Chemical Bonding: Chemical formulas
Compound
Octet Rule
Ion
Ionic bond
A substance made up of two or more different elements combine…
When bonding occurs, atoms tend to reach an electron arrangem…
A charged atom or group of atoms.
The force of attraction between two oppositely charged ions i…
Compound
A substance made up of two or more different elements combine…
Octet Rule
When bonding occurs, atoms tend to reach an electron arrangem…
27 terms
Chemical Bonding:chemical formulas
What is a compound?
What are chemical bonds?
What are inert gases?
Give an example of an inert gas?
A substance that is made up of two or more different elements…
Attractive forces that hold atoms together
Form practically no compounds
Helium, Neon
What is a compound?
A substance that is made up of two or more different elements…
What are chemical bonds?
Attractive forces that hold atoms together
105 terms
Chemical Formulas and Bonding
Compounds
Bonding
The Octet Rule
Lewis Symbols
formed from two or more chemically bound elements or ions
involves only the valence electrons
Atoms tend to gain. lose, or share electrons until they have…
show the valence electrons as dots arranged around the atomic…
Compounds
formed from two or more chemically bound elements or ions
Bonding
involves only the valence electrons
22 terms
Chemical bonding/Chemical Formula Review
Ionic Bonds
cation
anion
characteristics and properties of ioni…
Bonds between atoms that form by transferring electrons
A positively charged ion
A negatively charged ion
- solid at room temp. and high boiling point... - conduct electr…
Ionic Bonds
Bonds between atoms that form by transferring electrons
cation
A positively charged ion
23 terms
Chemical Formulas and Bonding
ionic bond
covalent bond
ionic compoud
cation
The attraction between oppositely charged ions.
A chemical bond that involves sharing a pair of electrons bet…
a compound composed of cations and anions
A positively charged ion
ionic bond
The attraction between oppositely charged ions.
covalent bond
A chemical bond that involves sharing a pair of electrons bet…
28 terms
Periodic formulas & chemical bonding
What are the outer shell electrons cal…
Why are valence electrons important?
What is one method to represent the nu…
How is an electron dot structure const…
valence electrons.
they interact to form chemical reactions.
electron dot structure or Lewis dot structure
Pair up the first 2 dots to represent the s orbital. All addi…
What are the outer shell electrons cal…
valence electrons.
Why are valence electrons important?
they interact to form chemical reactions.
16 terms
Chemical Bonds and Formulas
Describe what happens to electrons in…
Describe what happens to electrons in…
Hydrogen gas
Nitrogen gas
Electrons are taken from one atom of an element and given to…
Electrons are shared between two or more atoms.
N2
Describe what happens to electrons in…
Electrons are taken from one atom of an element and given to…
Describe what happens to electrons in…
Electrons are shared between two or more atoms.
31 terms
Unit 2 Bonding and Chemical Formulas.
Elements... Different
Molecules
products right
reactants left
After a chemical reaction you have the same blank but blank s…
These are formed when two or more atoms bond together
Blank are substances that are produced during a chemical reac…
blank are substances that react during a chemical reaction an…
Elements... Different
After a chemical reaction you have the same blank but blank s…
Molecules
These are formed when two or more atoms bond together
22 terms
Chemical bonding + Chemical Formula Review
Ionic Bonds
cation
anion
characteristics and properties of ioni…
Bonds between atoms that form by transferring electrons
A positively charged ion
A negatively charged ion
- solid at room temp. and high boiling point... - conduct electr…
Ionic Bonds
Bonds between atoms that form by transferring electrons
cation
A positively charged ion
22 terms
Chemical bonding/Chemical Formula Review
Ionic Bonds
cation
anion
characteristics and properties of ioni…
Bonds between atoms that form by transferring electrons
A positively charged ion
A negatively charged ion
- solid at room temp. and high boiling point... - conduct electr…
Ionic Bonds
Bonds between atoms that form by transferring electrons
cation
A positively charged ion
10 terms
Chemical Formulas and Bonds (Vocab.)
Chemical Formula
Subscript
Chemical Reaction
Reactants
Uses chemical symbols to represent the atoms of the elements…
A number written beside(to the right) & slightly below a chem…
The process by which chemical changes occur; in a chemical re…
A substance that is present at the beginning of a chemical re…
Chemical Formula
Uses chemical symbols to represent the atoms of the elements…
Subscript
A number written beside(to the right) & slightly below a chem…
10 terms
Chemical Formulas and Bonds (Vocab.)
Chemical Formula
Subscript
Chemical Reaction
Reactants
Uses chemical symbols to represent the atoms of the elements…
A number written beside(to the right) & slightly below a chem…
The process by which chemical changes occur; in a chemical re…
A substance that is present at the beginning of a chemical re…
Chemical Formula
Uses chemical symbols to represent the atoms of the elements…
Subscript
A number written beside(to the right) & slightly below a chem…
33 terms
Bonding and chemical formulas
Determine the number of atoms in the c…
Determine the number of atoms in the c…
Non polar covalent bond
Polar covalent bond
1Na, 1Cl
1Na, 2C, 3H, 2O
Between two nonmetals, electronegativity difference of 0-0.4…
Between two nonmetals, electronegativity difference of 0.5-2.…
Determine the number of atoms in the c…
1Na, 1Cl
Determine the number of atoms in the c…
1Na, 2C, 3H, 2O
54 terms
Chemical Formulas and Bonding
Chemical Symbol
Chemical Formula
Chemical Bond
Ionic Bond
Abbreviation of the name of the element; usually 1-2 letters…
Abbreviation for the name of a compound made with numbers and…
Force that holds two atoms together; forms by the attraction…
"Transferring" bond
Chemical Symbol
Abbreviation of the name of the element; usually 1-2 letters…
Chemical Formula
Abbreviation for the name of a compound made with numbers and…
32 terms
Chemical Formulas and Bonding
compounds
the octet rule
lewis symbols
electron-dot diagrams
two or more different chemically bound elements or ions
atoms tend to gain lose or share electrons until they have ei…
they show the valence electrons as dots arranged around the a…
aka Lewis structure they can represent the valence electrons…
compounds
two or more different chemically bound elements or ions
the octet rule
atoms tend to gain lose or share electrons until they have ei…
44 terms
Chemical Formulas and Bonding
How is a chemical bond formed
Breaking bonds
Forming bonds
exothermic
by sharing or transferring electrons
is an endothermic process
exothermic process
energy (heat) is released
How is a chemical bond formed
by sharing or transferring electrons
Breaking bonds
is an endothermic process
23 terms
CHEMICAL BONDING/FORMULAS/COMPOUNDS
Electron sea model of metallic bonding
How does sea model explain properties…
Chemical formula
Molecular formula
Valence electrons from s & p orbitals delocalize & form a sea…
Conductivity... Electrical-ability to drift under influence of e…
Relative number of atoms in a chemical compound, uses atomic…
Chemical formula, shows number/kinds of atoms in a molecule
Electron sea model of metallic bonding
Valence electrons from s & p orbitals delocalize & form a sea…
How does sea model explain properties…
Conductivity... Electrical-ability to drift under influence of e…
7 terms
chemical bonding and chmical formulas
compound
octet rule
ionic bond
covelent bond
a substance that is made up of two or more different elements…
when bonding takes place atoms tend to reach an electron arra…
the force of attraction between opositely charged ions in a c…
formed when two atoms share a pair of electrons... (difference b…
compound
a substance that is made up of two or more different elements…
octet rule
when bonding takes place atoms tend to reach an electron arra…
14 terms
Chemical Formulas & Bonding Vocabulary
Compound
Covalent Bond
Empirical Formula
Formula Unit
a chemical combination of two or more different elements can…
a chemical bond that results from the sharing of electrons
a formula that shows the smallest whole-number mole ratio of…
the simplest ratio of ions represented in an ionic compound
Compound
a chemical combination of two or more different elements can…
Covalent Bond
a chemical bond that results from the sharing of electrons
16 terms
Chemistry- chemical bonding: chemical formulas
Compound
Octet rule
Ion
Ionic bond
Substance that is made up of two or more different elements c…
When bonding occurs, atoms tend to reach an electron arrangem…
Charged atom or group of atoms
Force of attraction between oppositely cahrged ions in a comp…
Compound
Substance that is made up of two or more different elements c…
Octet rule
When bonding occurs, atoms tend to reach an electron arrangem…
22 terms
bonding and chemical formulas
volatility
melting point
solubility
conductivity
if there is odor in the substance
when the substance changes from solid to liquid
can it dissolve in water?
can it conduct energy?
volatility
if there is odor in the substance
melting point
when the substance changes from solid to liquid
28 terms
Chemical formula and bonding Review
Element
molecule
Compound
Chemical Formula
A substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substan…
A neutral group of atoms that are held together by COVALENT b…
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
Chemical shorthand that Uses chemical symbols to represent th…
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substan…
molecule
A neutral group of atoms that are held together by COVALENT b…
14 terms
Chemical bonding and formulas
Valence electrons
Valence electrons
Electron dot structures
Gilbert lewis
Are the electrons in the highest occupied energy
Are usually the only electrons used in chemical bomds
Only the valence electrons are shown
Developed The electron dots diagram
Valence electrons
Are the electrons in the highest occupied energy
Valence electrons
Are usually the only electrons used in chemical bomds
29 terms
Chemical bonding and formulas test
Chemical bond
The two main types of chemical bonds
Ionic bonding
Covalent bonding
A force that holds two atoms together by the attraction betwe…
Ionic and covalent
Is the borrowing of electrons
Is the sharing of electrons
Chemical bond
A force that holds two atoms together by the attraction betwe…
The two main types of chemical bonds
Ionic and covalent
22 terms
Chemical formulas and Bonding
Inert
Octet rule
Isoelectronic
Ion
A substance that is not chemically reactive
When atoms combine to form molecule they generally each lose,…
Having the same numbers of electronic structure
An atom or a group of atoms of that carries an electric charg…
Inert
A substance that is not chemically reactive
Octet rule
When atoms combine to form molecule they generally each lose,…
48 terms
Chemical Formulas and Bonding
compound
octet rule
lewis symbols
lewis dot structure of a metal
two or more different elements chemically combined
atoms tend to gain, lose, or share electrons until there are…
shows valence electrons arranged around an atomic symbol, rep…
has no dots, charge indicates how many electrons were lost
compound
two or more different elements chemically combined
octet rule
atoms tend to gain, lose, or share electrons until there are…
14 terms
Bonding and Chemical Formulas Test
What type of bond is Cu and Zn?
What type of bond is Fe and F?
What type of bond is S and O?
What type of bond is Ca and Br?
Metallic bond
Ionic bond
Covalent bond
Ionic bond
What type of bond is Cu and Zn?
Metallic bond
What type of bond is Fe and F?
Ionic bond
22 terms
chemical bonding and formulas
ionic bonds
Ionic characteristics
Metallic bonds
metallics bonds
Electrons transferred between atoms (lost gained)
Hi melting point and most will dissolve in water and conducts…
Attraction between metal Adams and surrounding electrons
between two metals
ionic bonds
Electrons transferred between atoms (lost gained)
Ionic characteristics
Hi melting point and most will dissolve in water and conducts…
11 terms
Chemical bonding & formulas review
How do you determine if an atom wants…
What charge do atoms obtain when losin…
What charge do atoms obtain when gaini…
What is the octet rule?
By looking at the number of valance electrons. Fewer than 4=l…
They become positive because there are more positive molecule…
They become negatively charged because there are more negativ…
A rule that states that atoms have a tendency to want to obta…
How do you determine if an atom wants…
By looking at the number of valance electrons. Fewer than 4=l…
What charge do atoms obtain when losin…
They become positive because there are more positive molecule…
27 terms
Chemical Formulas and Bonding Test
What is a chemical bond?
What subatomic particle plays a major…
What are the 2 types of bonds?
What happens in an ionic bond?
-When two or more element are combined chemically to form com…
-Electron
-Ionic... -Covalent
-Elements lose or gain electrons, complete transfer
What is a chemical bond?
-When two or more element are combined chemically to form com…
What subatomic particle plays a major…
-Electron
18 terms
Chemical Formulas and Bonding
Symbol
Chemical bond
Octet rule
Monatomic ions
Element abbreviation usually one or two letters
Force that holds two atoms together and forms by the attracti…
All atoms want to get a full set of valence electrons
Ion formed by single atoms ... Mostly metals
Symbol
Element abbreviation usually one or two letters
Chemical bond
Force that holds two atoms together and forms by the attracti…
23 terms
Chemical Formulas and Bonding
ionic bond
covalent bond
ionic compoud
cation
The attraction between oppositely charged ions.
A chemical bond that involves sharing a pair of electrons bet…
a compound composed of cations and anions
A positively charged ion
ionic bond
The attraction between oppositely charged ions.
covalent bond
A chemical bond that involves sharing a pair of electrons bet…
70 terms
Chemical Formulas and Bonding
Ionic bond, cation
Anion
Cations
Anions
An__froms between a positively charged ion, or ___
A negatively charged ion, or ___
Typically form from metallic elements
Form from nonmetallic elements
Ionic bond, cation
An__froms between a positively charged ion, or ___
Anion
A negatively charged ion, or ___
25 terms
chemical formulas and bonding vocab
compound
octet rule
ionic bond
covalent bond
2 or more different elements chemically combined
atoms tend to gain, lose, or share electrons until there are…
complete transfer of electrons from one atom to another, meta…
results from the sharing of electrons between two atoms in a…
compound
2 or more different elements chemically combined
octet rule
atoms tend to gain, lose, or share electrons until there are…
43 terms
Chemical Formulas and Bonding
Electrostatic attraction between catio…
Which of these is not a characteristic…
The overall charge of a formula unit f…
The chemical properties of an element…
ionic bonding
has a low melting point
always zero
number of valence electrons
Electrostatic attraction between catio…
ionic bonding
Which of these is not a characteristic…
has a low melting point
20 terms
Chemical Names, Formulas, and Bonding
Covalent Naming
Ionic Naming
How to write Ionic Formula
How to Write Ionic Formula using the f…
EX: ... N2H4= dinitrogen tetrahydride ... Cl2O= dichloride monoxide
EX: ... CaCl2= calcium chloride... AlF3- Aluminum fluoride ... EX: Us…
1.) find charges on periodic table (found above each group)…
EX: ... Magnesium Sulfite ... STEP 1: Magnesium's charge= +2 Sulfit…
Covalent Naming
EX: ... N2H4= dinitrogen tetrahydride ... Cl2O= dichloride monoxide
Ionic Naming
EX: ... CaCl2= calcium chloride... AlF3- Aluminum fluoride ... EX: Us…
11 terms
Chemical Bonding and Formula Review
How do you determine if an atom wants…
When do elements want to loose their e…
If an atom gains electrons to become s…
Describe an ionic bond
If an atom has more than four electrons it wants to loos ethe…
Elements lose electrons when they have less than 4 valence el…
Atoms that gain electrons or negative charges become negative…
conducts electricty, usually water soul be, high melting poin…
How do you determine if an atom wants…
If an atom has more than four electrons it wants to loos ethe…
When do elements want to loose their e…
Elements lose electrons when they have less than 4 valence el…
16 terms
Chemical Formulas & Bonding
Two types of bonding
ionic bond
ionic compound
cations
Ionic and covalent
a positive charged ion and a negative charged ion bonded toge…
a compound that is composed entirely of ions
the positively charged ions in an ionic bond
Two types of bonding
Ionic and covalent
ionic bond
a positive charged ion and a negative charged ion bonded toge…
52 terms
Chemical Bonding & Formula test
Oxidation number
How is oxidation number determined?
Consider a neutral atom of Lithium. Th…
Consider a neutral atom of Nitrogen. T…
a number that indicates how many electrons an atom will gain,…
By looking at the number of valence electrons.
An atom of Lithium wants to lose 1 electron to become stable.…
An atom of Nitrogen wants to gain 3 electrons to become stabl…
Oxidation number
a number that indicates how many electrons an atom will gain,…
How is oxidation number determined?
By looking at the number of valence electrons.
22 terms
chemical bonding and formulas
what do most of the rocks and minerals…
what do most ionic compounds exist as
a crystal of any ionic compound
A molecular compound
positive and negative ions held together by ionic bonding
crystalline solids
A three dimensional network of positive and negative ions mut…
is composed of independent neutral units that can be isolated
what do most of the rocks and minerals…
positive and negative ions held together by ionic bonding
what do most ionic compounds exist as
crystalline solids
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