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Study sets matching "fossil record chapter 5"

11 terms
Chapter 5: The Fossil Record
petrified fossil
mold
cast
relative dating
A fossil formed when minerals replace all or part of an organ…
A type of fossil formed when a shell or other hard part of an…
A type of fossil that forms when a mold becomes filled in wit…
A technique used to determine which of two fossils is older
petrified fossil
A fossil formed when minerals replace all or part of an organ…
mold
A type of fossil formed when a shell or other hard part of an…
Chapter 5: The Fossil Record
petrified fossil
mold
cast
relative dating
A fossil formed when minerals replace all or part of an organ…
A type of fossil formed when a shell or other hard part of an…
A type of fossil that forms when a mold becomes filled in wit…
A technique used to determine which of two fossils is older
petrified fossil
A fossil formed when minerals replace all or part of an organ…
mold
A type of fossil formed when a shell or other hard part of an…
Chapter 5.2: The Fossil Record
fossils
fossil
sedimentary rock
petrified fossils
what can form when organisms die and become buried in sedimen…
the preserved remains of an organism that lived in the past
what type of rock are fossils found in?
fossils that form when the remains of an organism are changed…
fossils
what can form when organisms die and become buried in sedimen…
fossil
the preserved remains of an organism that lived in the past
Chapter 5-Fossil records
*Hominin vs. hominind?
--> material evidence for macroevoluti…
--> HOMININ EVOLUTION:... -what is a hom…
-->4 MAJOR TRENDS WE WILL BE DISCUSSING?
hominin= info based on genetics... hominind= info based on fossi…
1) the study of fossil remains... 2) the study of comparative an…
-bipedal hominoid... -in Africa (5-10 mya)... -humans & near humans
1) bipedalism... 2)distinctive dentition... 3)expanded brains... 4)cul…
*Hominin vs. hominind?
hominin= info based on genetics... hominind= info based on fossi…
--> material evidence for macroevoluti…
1) the study of fossil remains... 2) the study of comparative an…
42 terms
Science Chapter 5 [Interpreting the Fossil Record]
Special Creation
Evolution
Big Bang
Theistic Evolution
does not rely on space, time, and energy, depends on a Creator
the belief that the universe originated by natural processes…
the starting point of cosmic evolution, all of the universe's…
a modified form of evolution that attempts to reconcile the B…
Special Creation
does not rely on space, time, and energy, depends on a Creator
Evolution
the belief that the universe originated by natural processes…
Anthropology Chapter 5: interpreting groups in the fossil record
Sexual Dimorphism
Intraspecific
Interspecific
Paleospecies
Differences in physical characteristics between males and fem…
Variation seen within the same species.
Variation between those in difference species.
Species defined from fossil evidence, often covering a long t…
Sexual Dimorphism
Differences in physical characteristics between males and fem…
Intraspecific
Variation seen within the same species.
17 terms
Ch.5 Vocabulary "The Fossil Record"
uniformitarianism
catastrophism
relative age
relative dating
a principle that geologic processes occurred in the past can…
a principle that states that geologic change occurs suddenly
the approximate age of fossils or other objects in rock layer…
any method of determining whether an event or object is young…
uniformitarianism
a principle that geologic processes occurred in the past can…
catastrophism
a principle that states that geologic change occurs suddenly
19 terms
5.3 The Fossil Record
The formation of any fossil is
Most fossils form when organisms that…
petrified fossil
mold fossil
a rare event.
become buried in sediments.
formed when minerals replace all or part of an organism.
formed when a shell or other hard part of an organism dissolv…
The formation of any fossil is
a rare event.
Most fossils form when organisms that…
become buried in sediments.
Chapter 9- The Fossil Record
Eon
Era
Period
Epoch
the longest time periods (billions of years)
hundreds of millions of years in length; marked by mass extin…
tens of millions of years long
divisions of the most recent periods; several million years l…
Eon
the longest time periods (billions of years)
Era
hundreds of millions of years in length; marked by mass extin…
21 terms
5.3 Fossil Record
Most fossils form when
Most fossils form in
Petrified fossil
Mold fossil
organisms that die become buried in sediments.
sedimentary rock
forms when minerals replace all or part of an organism.
forms when a shell or other hard part of an organism dissolve…
Most fossils form when
organisms that die become buried in sediments.
Most fossils form in
sedimentary rock
17 terms
BE5 Fossil Record
About how many years ago did dinosaurs…
When scientists look at which layer of…
What type of scientists use fossils to…
When a species dies out completely we…
65.5 million years ago
relative dating
paleontologists
extinct
About how many years ago did dinosaurs…
65.5 million years ago
When scientists look at which layer of…
relative dating
22 terms
Chapter 12 The Fossil Record
Relative Dating
Radiometric Dating
Isotope
Half Life
A method of determining whether an event or object, such as a…
A method of determining the absolute age of an object, often…
an atom that has the same number of protons (or the same atom…
The time required for half of a sample of a radioactive isoto…
Relative Dating
A method of determining whether an event or object, such as a…
Radiometric Dating
A method of determining the absolute age of an object, often…
chapter 17 - The fossil record
paleontologists
fossil record
extinct
relative dating
scientists who study fossils
information about past life, including the structure of organ…
no longer existing or living
method of determining the age of a fossil by comparing its pl…
paleontologists
scientists who study fossils
fossil record
information about past life, including the structure of organ…
Chapter 6.1 The fossil record
Fossil Record
Mold
Cast
Trace Fossil
record of all the fossils ever discovered on Earth
the impression of an organism in a rock
a fossil copy of an organism made when a mold of the organism…
the preserved evidence of the activity of an organism
Fossil Record
record of all the fossils ever discovered on Earth
Mold
the impression of an organism in a rock
22 terms
July 7-Chapter 5-Human Origins+fossil records
Bipedalism
early hominins
hominins developed changes:
habitual bipedalism
apes that walk on 2 legs
australopithecus
teeth, expanded brains, reliance on tools+langauge
all humans are linked by
Bipedalism
apes that walk on 2 legs
early hominins
australopithecus
5.3 Fossil Record
Petrified Fossil
Mold
Cast
Relative dating
A fossil formed when minerals replace part or all of an organ…
A type of fossil formed when the shell or other hard part of…
A type of fossil that forms when a mold becomes filled with m…
A technique used to determine which of two fossils is older
Petrified Fossil
A fossil formed when minerals replace part or all of an organ…
Mold
A type of fossil formed when the shell or other hard part of…
The Fossil Record #5
Record of macroevolution
Morphospecies
Taphonomy
Fossil
speciation, morphological change, extinction
recognizing species based on morphology/anatomy
study of the fossilization process
any trace left by an organism in the past
Record of macroevolution
speciation, morphological change, extinction
Morphospecies
recognizing species based on morphology/anatomy
20 terms
Chapter 17 Fossil Record
fossil record
paleontologist
extinct
sedimentary rock
provides evidence about the history of life on earth , shows…
scientist who study fossils
species died out
formed from exposure to rain, heat, wind and cold breaks down…
fossil record
provides evidence about the history of life on earth , shows…
paleontologist
scientist who study fossils
7 terms
chapter 23 fossil record
macroevolution
radiometric dating
half-life
geologic record
the broad pattern of evolution above the species level. ... eg.…
Most common techniques, based on the decay of radioactive iso…
The time required for half of the parent isotope to decay. Ea…
a standard time scale that divides Earth's history into four…
macroevolution
the broad pattern of evolution above the species level. ... eg.…
radiometric dating
Most common techniques, based on the decay of radioactive iso…
10 terms
5.3 The Fossil Record
Petrified fossil
Mold
Cast
Relative dating
A fossil formed when minerals replace all or part of an organ…
A type of fossil formed when a shell or other hard part of an…
A type of fossil that forms when a mold becomes filled in wit…
A technique used to determine which of two fossils is older.
Petrified fossil
A fossil formed when minerals replace all or part of an organ…
Mold
A type of fossil formed when a shell or other hard part of an…
20 terms
5.3 The Fossil Record
The formation of any fossil is
Most fossils form when organisms that…
mold fossil
cast fossil
a rare event.
become buried in sediments.
formed when a shell or other hard part of an organism dissolv…
forms when a mold becomes filled in with minerals that then h…
The formation of any fossil is
a rare event.
Most fossils form when organisms that…
become buried in sediments.
10 terms
Lesson 5 The Fossil Record
The statement that in a conformable se…
The geologic column and relative geolo…
A group is a lithostratigraphic unit c…
An erosional surface cut into plutonic…
Walther's law
superposition and faunal succession
two formations
nonconformity
The statement that in a conformable se…
Walther's law
The geologic column and relative geolo…
superposition and faunal succession
94 terms
Chapter 17 Fossil record
How do scientists read past lives?
Definition of "Paleontologist"
What can fossils tell us?
What is the fossil record?
They observe history in the sap of ancient trees, peat bogs a…
A scientist who studies, and classifies fossils
1) structure of organisms... 2) What they ate... 3)What ate them... 4)…
It provides the history of life on Earth. Also shows how diff…
How do scientists read past lives?
They observe history in the sap of ancient trees, peat bogs a…
Definition of "Paleontologist"
A scientist who studies, and classifies fossils
10 terms
5.3 The Fossil Record
Petrified Fossil
Mold
Cast
Relative dating
Fossils that from by minerals replacing the remains changing…
A hollow space in sediment in the shape of an organism or par…
A copy of the shape of the organism that made the mold
Determines which of the two fossils is older
Petrified Fossil
Fossils that from by minerals replacing the remains changing…
Mold
A hollow space in sediment in the shape of an organism or par…
11 terms
5.3 The Fossil Record
Petrified Fossil
Mold
Cast
Relative Dating
A fossil formed when minerals replace all or part of an organ…
A type of fossil formed when a shell or other hard part of an…
A type of fossil that forms when a mold becomes filled in wit…
A technique used to determine which of two fossils is older.
Petrified Fossil
A fossil formed when minerals replace all or part of an organ…
Mold
A type of fossil formed when a shell or other hard part of an…
19 terms
5.3 The Fossil Record
The formation of any fossil is
Most fossils form when organisms that…
petrified fossil
mold fossil
a rare event.
become buried in sediments.
formed when minerals replace all or part of an organism.
formed when a shell or other hard part of an organism dissolv…
The formation of any fossil is
a rare event.
Most fossils form when organisms that…
become buried in sediments.
Chapter 9- The Fossil Record
Eon
Era
Period
Epoch
the longest time periods (billions of years)
hundreds of millions of years in length; marked by mass extin…
tens of millions of years long
divisions of the most recent periods; several million years l…
Eon
the longest time periods (billions of years)
Era
hundreds of millions of years in length; marked by mass extin…
Chapter 3, The Rock and Fossil Record
Uniformitarianism
Catastrophism
Paleontology
Relative dating
A principle that states that geologic processes that occurred…
A principle that states that geologic change occurs suddenly
The scientific study of fossils
Any method of determining whether an event or object is older…
Uniformitarianism
A principle that states that geologic processes that occurred…
Catastrophism
A principle that states that geologic change occurs suddenly
BE5 Fossil Record
About how many years ago did dinosaurs…
When scientists look at which layer of…
What type of scientists use fossils to…
When a species dies out completely we…
65.5 million years ago
relative dating
paleontologists
extinct
About how many years ago did dinosaurs…
65.5 million years ago
When scientists look at which layer of…
relative dating
18 terms
chapter 8: the fossil record
fossil; what information can we get fr…
relative vs. absolute dating
stratigraphy; principles of superposit…
biostratigraphy
...
...
...
...
fossil; what information can we get fr…
...
relative vs. absolute dating
...
Ch5 Interpreting. The. Fossil. Record
Day 1
Day. 2
Day 3
Day 4
Heaven, earth,, light darkness
Sky, water
Lan, vegetation
Stars, Moon,, Sun
Day 1
Heaven, earth,, light darkness
Day. 2
Sky, water
Chapter 5: What Can The Fossil Record Tell Us About Human Origins?
Acheulean tradition
anatomically modern human beings
archaic Homo sapiens
Australopithecus
A Lower Paleolithic stone-tool tradition associated with Homo…
Hominin fossils assigned to the species H. sapiens with anato…
Hominins dating from 500,000 to 200,000 years ago that posses…
The genus to which taxonomists place most early hominins show…
Acheulean tradition
A Lower Paleolithic stone-tool tradition associated with Homo…
anatomically modern human beings
Hominin fossils assigned to the species H. sapiens with anato…
25 terms
Chapter 17- The Fossil Record
Paleontologists
Fossil Record
Extinct
Relative Dating
Study fossils
Total number of fossils that have been discovered as well as…
When there are no more individuals of the species living anyw…
determined age of a fossil by comparing its placement of foss…
Paleontologists
Study fossils
Fossil Record
Total number of fossils that have been discovered as well as…
56 terms
Health Record Chapter 5
Activities of daily living (ADL)
Advance directive
Ancillary services
Autopsy report
Basic activities such as self-care, including the ability to…
A written document that describes the patient's healthcare pr…
Procedures such as laboratory and imaging that are performed…
A description of the examination of a patient's body after he…
Activities of daily living (ADL)
Basic activities such as self-care, including the ability to…
Advance directive
A written document that describes the patient's healthcare pr…
18 terms
Chapter 5: What can the fossil record tell us about human origins?
cranial capacity
homo habilis
oldowan tradition
taphonomy
the size of braincase
the species of large-brained, gracile hominins 2 million year…
a stone-tool tradition named after the Olduvai Gorge (Tanzani…
the study of various processes that objects undergo in the co…
cranial capacity
the size of braincase
homo habilis
the species of large-brained, gracile hominins 2 million year…
34 terms
Chapter 8 - The Fossil Record
Paleoanthropology
Relative dating
Chronometric dating
B.P.
The study of primate and human evolution.
A comparative method of dating the older of two or more fossi…
The method of estimating the specific date of fossils or sites.
Before present, the internationally accepted form of designat…
Paleoanthropology
The study of primate and human evolution.
Relative dating
A comparative method of dating the older of two or more fossi…
45 terms
The Fossil Record Chapter Vocab
Uniformitarianism
Catastrophism
Relative age
Law of superposition
The belief that geologic processes occur at the same rate thr…
The belief that catastrophes and only catastrophes were invol…
the approximate age of fossils or other objects in rock layer…
When you have sedimentary rock layers, the oldest ones are on…
Uniformitarianism
The belief that geologic processes occur at the same rate thr…
Catastrophism
The belief that catastrophes and only catastrophes were invol…
31 terms
Chapter 5: Rocks, Fossils and Time Making Sense of the Geologic Record
angular unconformity
biostratigraphic unit
biozone
body fossil
An unconfomrity below which strata dip at a steeper angle tha…
A unit of sedimentary rock defined solely by its fossil conte…
A general term referring to all biostratigraphic units such a…
The shells, teeth, bones, or (rarely) the soft parts of organ…
angular unconformity
An unconfomrity below which strata dip at a steeper angle tha…
biostratigraphic unit
A unit of sedimentary rock defined solely by its fossil conte…
49 terms
Chapter 8 The Fossil Record
Lucy
By what main means can we further unde…
Paleoanthropology
What methods can we use to learn when…
One of the most famous fossils in human evolution, "She" is a…
We can derive clues baout human evolution from the fossil rec…
the study of primate and human evolution
Relative dating and chronometric dating allow us to determine…
Lucy
One of the most famous fossils in human evolution, "She" is a…
By what main means can we further unde…
We can derive clues baout human evolution from the fossil rec…
Chapter 5: What can the fossil record tell us about human origins?
Bipedalism
Mosaic Evolution
Omnivorous
Australopithecus
Walking on two rather than four
A phenotypic pattern that shows how different traits of an or…
Eating a wide range of plant and animal foods
The genus in which taxonomists place most early hominins show…
Bipedalism
Walking on two rather than four
Mosaic Evolution
A phenotypic pattern that shows how different traits of an or…
23 terms
Chapter 5: What Can the Fossil Record Tell Us About Human Origins?
bipedalism
mosaic evolution
omnivorous
gracile australopithecines
walking on two feet rather than four
a phenotypic pattern that shows how different traits of an or…
eating a wide range of plant and animal foods
members of the species Australopithecus africanus that had sm…
bipedalism
walking on two feet rather than four
mosaic evolution
a phenotypic pattern that shows how different traits of an or…
Chapter 5: Rocks, Fossils and Time Making Sense of the Geologic Record
angular unconformity
biostratigraphic unit
biozone
body fossil
An unconfomrity below which strata dip at a steeper angle tha…
A unit of sedimentary rock defined solely by its fossil conte…
A general term referring to all biostratigraphic units such a…
The shells, teeth, bones, or (rarely) the soft parts of organ…
angular unconformity
An unconfomrity below which strata dip at a steeper angle tha…
biostratigraphic unit
A unit of sedimentary rock defined solely by its fossil conte…
Chapter 17:The Fossil Record
Paleontologist
Fossil Record
Relative Dating
Radioactive Dating
scientist who studies fossils
provides evidence about the history of life on earth... -how org…
fossils in lower layers of rocks are older relative to the fo…
calculate age of organism based on the amount remaining of an…
Paleontologist
scientist who studies fossils
Fossil Record
provides evidence about the history of life on earth... -how org…
23 terms
Chapter 5: What Can the Fossil Record Tell Us about Human Origins?
Bipedalism
Mosaic evolution
Omnivorous
Australopithecus
Walking on two feet rather than four
A phenotypic pattern that shows how different traits of an or…
Eating a wide range of plant and animal foods
The genus in which taxonomists place most early hominins show…
Bipedalism
Walking on two feet rather than four
Mosaic evolution
A phenotypic pattern that shows how different traits of an or…
23 terms
Chapter 5: What Can the Fossil Record Tell Us about Human Origins?
Bipedalism
Mosaic evolution
Omnivorous
Australopithecus
Walking on two feet rather than four
A phenotypic pattern that shows how different traits of an or…
Eating a wide range of plant and animal foods
The genus in which taxonomists place most early hominins show…
Bipedalism
Walking on two feet rather than four
Mosaic evolution
A phenotypic pattern that shows how different traits of an or…
25 terms
Chapter 3: Rock and Fossil Record
Uniformitarianism
Catastrophism
Paleontology
Modern Geology
The principle that states that geological processes that occu…
A principle that states geologic changes occurs suddenly
The scientific study of past life (fossils)
The combination of both uniformitarianism and catastrophism
Uniformitarianism
The principle that states that geological processes that occu…
Catastrophism
A principle that states geologic changes occurs suddenly
61 terms
Science Ch 5: Interpreting the Fossil Record
Special creation
Evolution
Biological evolution
Cosmic evolution
The biblical principle of origins
The belief that the universe originated by natural processes…
Also known as organic evolution refers to the general develop…
Refers to the chance origin of the universe as a whole
Special creation
The biblical principle of origins
Evolution
The belief that the universe originated by natural processes…
Chapter 6 The Rock & Fossil Record
uniformation
catastrophism
palentology
relative dating
a principle that states that geologic processes that occurred…
a principle that states geologic change occurs suddenly
the scientific study of fossils
any method of determining whether an event or object is older…
uniformation
a principle that states that geologic processes that occurred…
catastrophism
a principle that states geologic change occurs suddenly
13 terms
5.1.2: Fossil record
How do fossils provide evidence for ev…
Fossil
Body fossils
Traces
By revealing the features of an ancestor for comparison again…
Remains or traces of any organism from the remote past
Bones, teeth, leaves etc. provide direct evidence of ancestra…
Footprints, tooth marks etc. provide indirect evidence of anc…
How do fossils provide evidence for ev…
By revealing the features of an ancestor for comparison again…
Fossil
Remains or traces of any organism from the remote past
24 terms
Chapter 6 Rock & Fossil Record
uniformitarianism
catastrophism
relative dating
superposition
a principle that states that the same geologic processes shap…
a principle that states that geologic change occurs suddenly
determining whether an object or event is older or younger th…
a principle that states that younger rocks lie above older ro…
uniformitarianism
a principle that states that the same geologic processes shap…
catastrophism
a principle that states that geologic change occurs suddenly
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