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Study sets matching "fossils chapter 9"

9 terms
Fossils Vocabulary Chapter 9
fossil
original remains
ice core
relative age
A trace or the remains of a once-living thing from long ago.
A fossil that is the actual body or body parts of an organism.
A tubular sample that shows the layers of snow and ice that h…
The age of an event or object in relation to other events or…
fossil
A trace or the remains of a once-living thing from long ago.
original remains
A fossil that is the actual body or body parts of an organism.
17 terms
Chapter 9 - Fossils
Fossils
Permineralized Remains
Carbon Film
Mold
remains, imprints, or traces of prehistoric organisms
fossils in which the spaces are filled with minerals from gro…
a thin film of carbon residue left, forming a silhouette of t…
an indentation left in sediment that is capable of being fill…
Fossils
remains, imprints, or traces of prehistoric organisms
Permineralized Remains
fossils in which the spaces are filled with minerals from gro…
45 terms
Dating Rocks And Fossils Chapter 9
Geologic Time
Earth's Age
Fossils
Geologic Time Scale
Time In Terms Of History Of The Earth
4.54 Billion Years
Reconizable Remains Or Impressions Of An Organism In Rocks
Calender Of Earth's History Over A Very Long Time
Geologic Time
Time In Terms Of History Of The Earth
Earth's Age
4.54 Billion Years
20 terms
Chapter 9 FOSSILS
rock record
strata
fossils
fossil record
information provided by rocks about earth's history
horizontal layers of sediment
the remains of once living organisms that are preserved in se…
the information provided by fossils about earth's history
rock record
information provided by rocks about earth's history
strata
horizontal layers of sediment
9 terms
Chapter 9- The Fossil Record
Eon
Era
Period
Epoch
the longest time periods (billions of years)
hundreds of millions of years in length; marked by mass extin…
tens of millions of years long
divisions of the most recent periods; several million years l…
Eon
the longest time periods (billions of years)
Era
hundreds of millions of years in length; marked by mass extin…
31 terms
Chapter 9: Section 1, Fossils
Paleontologists
reconstruct the appearance of animals
Fossils
when life first appeared, when plants…
scientists who study fossils, and can learn about extinct ani…
Paleontologists can also do what?
are the remains, imprints, or traces of prehistoric organisms.
Fossils can help scientists determine what?
Paleontologists
scientists who study fossils, and can learn about extinct ani…
reconstruct the appearance of animals
Paleontologists can also do what?
31 terms
Chapter 9 Fossils
What are fossils?
Give two examples of fossils.
What are original remains?
Three places we would find fossils?
Traces or remains of living things from long ago.
Dinosaurs and trilobites and footprints preserved in rock.
Fossils that are actual bodies or body part of organisms
Ice, Amber, and Tar
What are fossils?
Traces or remains of living things from long ago.
Give two examples of fossils.
Dinosaurs and trilobites and footprints preserved in rock.
45 terms
Dating Rocks And Fossils Chapter 9
Geologic Time
Earth's Age
Fossils
Geologic Time Scale
Time In Terms Of History Of The Earth
4.54 Billion Years
Reconizable Remains Or Impressions Of An Organism In Rocks
Calender Of Earth's History Over A Very Long Time
Geologic Time
Time In Terms Of History Of The Earth
Earth's Age
4.54 Billion Years
21 terms
Chapter 9: Fossils
Fossil-
Paleontologists-
Permineralized Remains-
Carbon Film-
Remains, imprints, or traces of prehistoric organisms that ca…
Scientist that studies fossils
Fossils in which the spaces inside are filled with minerals f…
Thin film of carbon residue preserved as a fossil
Fossil-
Remains, imprints, or traces of prehistoric organisms that ca…
Paleontologists-
Scientist that studies fossils
9 terms
Chapter 9- The Fossil Record
Eon
Era
Period
Epoch
the longest time periods (billions of years)
hundreds of millions of years in length; marked by mass extin…
tens of millions of years long
divisions of the most recent periods; several million years l…
Eon
the longest time periods (billions of years)
Era
hundreds of millions of years in length; marked by mass extin…
16 terms
6th grade science fossils chapter 9
uniformitarianism
catastrophism
uniformitarianism vs. catastrophism
fossils
The principle states "geological processes that occur today a…
The idea that conditions and creatures on Earth change in qui…
...
Preserved remains or evidence of ancient living things. help…
uniformitarianism
The principle states "geological processes that occur today a…
catastrophism
The idea that conditions and creatures on Earth change in qui…
18 terms
Chapter 9: Fossil Primates
Three hypotheses on why primates first…
Arboreal hypothesis
Visual predation hypothesis
Angiosperm radiation hypothesis
1. Arboreal hypothesis ... 2. Visual predation hypothesis... 3. Ang…
- Primate traits evolved as adaptation to life in the trees
- Primate traits (e.g. stereoscopy, prehensile hands) evolved…
- Evolved as adaptation to the new environment where flowerin…
Three hypotheses on why primates first…
1. Arboreal hypothesis ... 2. Visual predation hypothesis... 3. Ang…
Arboreal hypothesis
- Primate traits evolved as adaptation to life in the trees
12 terms
Chapter 9: Fossil Primates
Eocene Epoch
Carpolestes simpsoni
Rasmussen's Favored Traits
Darwinius masillae - "Ida"
proliferation of mammals (especially primates) starting 56 mi…
one of earliest possible common ancestors dating back 56 mill…
• grasping hands/feet, nails (for frugivores)... • eyes later sh…
• primate dating back to 47 million years ago... • skeleton foun…
Eocene Epoch
proliferation of mammals (especially primates) starting 56 mi…
Carpolestes simpsoni
one of earliest possible common ancestors dating back 56 mill…
8 terms
SCIENCE: Chapter 9- Looking at Fossils
frozen fossils
fossils in amber
petrifcation
fossils in asphalt
a fossil that was preserved in ice.
an organism that gets trapped on tree sap that hardens
when an organism gets replaced by minerals after dying it bec…
organisms that are trapped in thick sticky pools
frozen fossils
a fossil that was preserved in ice.
fossils in amber
an organism that gets trapped on tree sap that hardens
28 terms
Chapter 9: Fossil Primates
Who is adapis parisiensis?
What is the arboreal hypothesis?
What is the Visual Predation Hypothesis?
What is the angiosperm radiation hypot…
- founded by george cuvier and studied small skull no one hav…
adapatations to life in trees
hunting in trees
fruit eating in the trees
Who is adapis parisiensis?
- founded by george cuvier and studied small skull no one hav…
What is the arboreal hypothesis?
adapatations to life in trees
28 terms
ES Chapter 9: Fossil Fuels and Nuclear Energy
fossil fuels
coal
petroleum (crude oil)
kerogen
fossilized organic material, mainly the remains of ancient ph…
sedimentary or metamorphic rock high in carbon and energy con…
a mixture of hydrocarbons contained in sedimentary rocks of m…
a waxy substance found in shale and other sedimentary rocks t…
fossil fuels
fossilized organic material, mainly the remains of ancient ph…
coal
sedimentary or metamorphic rock high in carbon and energy con…
59 terms
Chapter 9: Fossil Fuels and Nuclear Energy
fossil fuels
coal
4 major grades which differ in carbon…
petroluem/crude oil
fossilized organic material, mainly remains of ancient photos…
inorganic matter plus clay, sand that continues to build over…
1. Lignite: youngest: lowest carbon and energy content subjec…
hydrocarbons mixture contained in sedimentary rocks of marine…
fossil fuels
fossilized organic material, mainly remains of ancient photos…
coal
inorganic matter plus clay, sand that continues to build over…
8 terms
Science chapter 9.1 fossil fuels
A substance that provides energy, such…
The energy-rich substances formed from…
Chemical compound that contains carbon…
Coal, oil, and natural gas
Fuel
Fossil fuels
Hydrocarbons
The three major fossil fuels are...
A substance that provides energy, such…
Fuel
The energy-rich substances formed from…
Fossil fuels
21 terms
6th Science- Vocabulary Chapter 9 Fossil Fuels
Name three major fossil fuels?
fuel
fossil fuels
hydrocarbons
Coal, Oil and Natural Gas
A substance that provides energy, such as heat, light, motion…
are the energy rich substances formed from remains
chemical compounds that contain carbon and hydrogen atoms.
Name three major fossil fuels?
Coal, Oil and Natural Gas
fuel
A substance that provides energy, such as heat, light, motion…
46 terms
Chapter 9: Fossil Fuels and Nuclear Energy
Nonrenewable energy
Renewable energy
Fossil Fuels
Coal
Sources of energy, including coal, petroleum, natural gas, an…
Sources of energy, including solar, wind, hydrologic, geother…
Fossilized organic material, mainly the remains of ancient ph…
Sedimentary or metamorphic rock high in carbon and energy con…
Nonrenewable energy
Sources of energy, including coal, petroleum, natural gas, an…
Renewable energy
Sources of energy, including solar, wind, hydrologic, geother…
39 terms
ENV 1301 - Chapter 9 - Fossil Fuels and Nuclear Energy
Nonrenewable Energy
Renewable Energy
Fossil Fuels
Coal
Sources of energy, including coal, petroleum, natural gas, an…
Sources of energy, including solar, wind, hydrologic, geother…
Fossilized organic material, mainly the remains of ancient ph…
Sedimentary or metamorphic rock high in carbon and energy con…
Nonrenewable Energy
Sources of energy, including coal, petroleum, natural gas, an…
Renewable Energy
Sources of energy, including solar, wind, hydrologic, geother…
43 terms
Fossils chapter
Petrified fossil
mold
cast
carbon film
Fossils in which minerals replace all or part of an organism
a hollow area in sediment in the shape of an organism
a solid copy of the shape of the organism
an extremely thin coating of carbon on rock
Petrified fossil
Fossils in which minerals replace all or part of an organism
mold
a hollow area in sediment in the shape of an organism
17 terms
Chapter 5 Fossils
fossil
six types of preservation
permineralized remains
carbon film
- Remains, imprints, or traces of prehistorical organisms.... -…
- Permineralized remains... - Carbon film... - Mold... - Cast... - Origin…
Fossils in which the spaces inside are filled with minerals f…
Tissues of organisms made from carbon. After gasses and liqui…
fossil
- Remains, imprints, or traces of prehistorical organisms.... -…
six types of preservation
- Permineralized remains... - Carbon film... - Mold... - Cast... - Origin…
11 terms
Chapter 3 review Fossils
petrified
footprints / tracks, gizzard stone, bu…
hard
mold
A ____________fossil is made by heat and the mineral quartz.
Five examples of trace fossils are ______________.
What takes longer to decay, the hard or soft part of an animal?
A ______________ forms when water slowly washes animal remain…
petrified
A ____________fossil is made by heat and the mineral quartz.
footprints / tracks, gizzard stone, bu…
Five examples of trace fossils are ______________.
20 terms
Chapter 10, Fossils
Fossil
Cast
Mold
Petrified fossil
A trace of an ancient organism that has been preserved in rock.
A fossil that is a copy of an organism's shape, formed when m…
A fossil formed when an organism buried in sediment dissolves…
Fossils in which minerals replace all or part of an organism.
Fossil
A trace of an ancient organism that has been preserved in rock.
Cast
A fossil that is a copy of an organism's shape, formed when m…
8 terms
Chapter 10, Lesson 1 Fossils
fossil
catastrophism
uniformitarianism
carbon film
remains or evidence of ancient living things
the idea that conditions and organisms on Earth change in qui…
geological processes that occur today are similar to those th…
fossilized carbon outline of an organism
fossil
remains or evidence of ancient living things
catastrophism
the idea that conditions and organisms on Earth change in qui…
17 terms
Chapter 8 Study Guide- Fossils
fault
trace fossil
evolution
carbon film
1. A break in rocks where rock layers can move is a _______.
2. A footprint is what type of fossil?
3. A gradual change in living things over a long period of ti…
4. A fossil made of a thin coating of carbon on a rock is a _…
fault
1. A break in rocks where rock layers can move is a _______.
trace fossil
2. A footprint is what type of fossil?
12 terms
chapter 9
fuel
fossil fuel
solar energy
hydroelectric power
A substance that provides energy as the result of a chemical…
an energy-rich substance (such as coal, oil, or natural gas)…
energy from the sun
Electricity produced using the energy of flowing water
fuel
A substance that provides energy as the result of a chemical…
fossil fuel
an energy-rich substance (such as coal, oil, or natural gas)…
23 terms
Unit 9 Fossils - Dinosaur Fossils
dinosaur bone
fossil
skeleton
footprint
공룡 뼈
화석
골격
발자국
dinosaur bone
공룡 뼈
fossil
화석
7 terms
chapter 9
fuel
fossil fuel
hydroelectric power
biomass fuel
A substance that provides energy as the result of a chemical…
an energy-rich substance (such as coal, oil, or natural gas)…
Electricity produced using the energy of flowing water
fuel made from living things
fuel
A substance that provides energy as the result of a chemical…
fossil fuel
an energy-rich substance (such as coal, oil, or natural gas)…
9 terms
Chapter 9
Fossil
Original Remains
Ice Core
Relative Age
A trace or the remains of a once-living thing from long ago
A fossil that is the actual body or body parts of an organism
A tubular sample that shows the layers of snow and ice that h…
The age of an event or object in relation to other events or…
Fossil
A trace or the remains of a once-living thing from long ago
Original Remains
A fossil that is the actual body or body parts of an organism
29 terms
Chapter 4 - Fossils
fossils
molds and casts
mold
cast
evidence left of living things from the past
the most common type of fossil
hollow area in sediment in the shape of an organism
solid copy of the shape of an organism
fossils
evidence left of living things from the past
molds and casts
the most common type of fossil
18 terms
Chapter 2: Fossils
paleontology
evolutionists
creationists
extinction
scientific study of fossils
people who believe that life on earth developed gradually
people who believe that God made the earth and all forms of l…
occurs when the last of a certain plant or animal dies
paleontology
scientific study of fossils
evolutionists
people who believe that life on earth developed gradually
21 terms
Chapter 2 Fossils
Fossil
Petrified Fossil
Mold
Cast
Any part or trace of a living organism that is naturally pres…
A fossil formed when part of a living organism decayed and wa…
The imprint of an organism that has been pressed into a rock
A copy of the shape of an organism created by sediment fillin…
Fossil
Any part or trace of a living organism that is naturally pres…
Petrified Fossil
A fossil formed when part of a living organism decayed and wa…
12 terms
Chapter 6 Fossils
cast
mold
trace fossil
biological evolution
fossil copy of an organism in a rock
impression of an organism in a rock
preserved evidence of the activity of an organism
change over time in populations of related organisms
cast
fossil copy of an organism in a rock
mold
impression of an organism in a rock
Fossils and Fossilization (9)
Paleantologist
Archaeologists
fossils
what are the two categories of fossils
study fossilized organisms (plants & non human animals). subd…
examine ancient human societies . subdiscipline of Anthropolo…
the remains or traces of once living organisms that were buri…
1. body fossils... 2. trace fossils
Paleantologist
study fossilized organisms (plants & non human animals). subd…
Archaeologists
examine ancient human societies . subdiscipline of Anthropolo…
22 terms
Chapter 10 Fossils
Carbon Film
Cast
Catastrophism
Fossil
fossilized carbon outline that forms when pressure drives off…
Fossil copy of an organism
Idea that conditions and creatures on Earth change in quick,…
preserved remains or evidence of ancient living organisms
Carbon Film
fossilized carbon outline that forms when pressure drives off…
Cast
Fossil copy of an organism
14 terms
Chapter 9
Evaporation
Condensation
Natural resources
Nonrenewable resources
The process in which liquid water changes to water vapor.
The process in which water vapor turns back into liquid water.
A material found on Earth that can be used by people, such as…
A natural resource that cannot be replaced.
Evaporation
The process in which liquid water changes to water vapor.
Condensation
The process in which water vapor turns back into liquid water.
19 terms
Fossils Chapter 2
Fossil
Trace Fossils
Mold
Cast
Hold clues of life on earth long ago
Show changes long-dead animals made in their surroundings ... Ex…
An imprint made by the outside of a dead plant or animal... A mo…
When sediments or minerals fill a mold and form a cast and it…
Fossil
Hold clues of life on earth long ago
Trace Fossils
Show changes long-dead animals made in their surroundings ... Ex…
12 terms
Fossils chapter 14
Absolute Dating
Carbon-14
Geologic events
Geologic time
Process of aging rocks in years using half lives
an isotope of carbon used to date objects less than 75,000 ye…
EQ's, volcanoes,asteroid impact, etc... that changed on our p…
How earth's history is divided into eras, periods, eons and e…
Absolute Dating
Process of aging rocks in years using half lives
Carbon-14
an isotope of carbon used to date objects less than 75,000 ye…
12 terms
Chapter 5 - Fossils
fossil
extinct
creation
evolution
any part of a living thing that is preserved by nature
no more of that kind of animal is alive
God spoke and made the earth and created all things.
The earth was made by chance. The earth changed many times -…
fossil
any part of a living thing that is preserved by nature
extinct
no more of that kind of animal is alive
18 terms
Fossils chapter 11
Fossil
original materials
petrified fossils
casts and molds
Any trace of a formerly living thing preserved by natural pro…
compacting and cementing of shells and bones into sedimentary…
dissolved minerals often replaced the materials in hard parts…
fossils that include the permineralization.
Fossil
Any trace of a formerly living thing preserved by natural pro…
original materials
compacting and cementing of shells and bones into sedimentary…
13 terms
Chapter 3 quiz fossils
amber
burrows
fossil
cast
hardened tree sap in which insects may be preserved
underground shelters made by animals
any naturally preserved evidence of life
when sediment fills a mold & becomes rock, showing what the o…
amber
hardened tree sap in which insects may be preserved
burrows
underground shelters made by animals
14 terms
Chapter 3 Fossils
Paleontology
Botany
Fossil
Fossilization
the study of ancient life forms and their fossils
the study of plant life
bone, casts, molds, or prints of once living organisms formed…
the process by which an organism is turned into a fossil
Paleontology
the study of ancient life forms and their fossils
Botany
the study of plant life
Chapter 11: Fossils
___________ is a mineralized form of t…
The Origin of the Species was authored…
Old-earth geologists assign rocks in l…
If Archaeopteryx were found alive toda…
Amber
Charles Darwin
older
bird.
___________ is a mineralized form of t…
Amber
The Origin of the Species was authored…
Charles Darwin
18 terms
Chapter 11 Fossils
Fossil
Sedimentary Rock
fossil record
petrified remains
preserved remains or traces of an organism that lived in the…
rock formed when layers of sediments harden over millions of…
the millions of fossils that scientists have collected
fossil formed when minerals replace all or part of an organism
Fossil
preserved remains or traces of an organism that lived in the…
Sedimentary Rock
rock formed when layers of sediments harden over millions of…
15 terms
Chapter 3- Fossils
uniformitarianism
catastrophism
paleontology
James Hutton
the same geologic processes shaping the Earth today have been…
all geologic change occurs suddenly
the study of past life
18th century geologist who developed the theory of uniformita…
uniformitarianism
the same geologic processes shaping the Earth today have been…
catastrophism
all geologic change occurs suddenly
29 terms
Chapter 4 - Fossils
fossils
molds and casts
mold
cast
evidence left of living things from the past
the most common type of fossil
hollow area in sediment in the shape of an organism
solid copy of the shape of an organism
fossils
evidence left of living things from the past
molds and casts
the most common type of fossil
3rd grade chapter 3 fossils
endangered species
extinct
species
ancestor
a species that has so few members that the entire species is…
a species that has died off
a group of the same type of living thing that can mate and pr…
a species or form of a species that lived long ago to which m…
endangered species
a species that has so few members that the entire species is…
extinct
a species that has died off
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