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Study sets matching "foundations government"

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Study sets matching "foundations government"

22 terms
Foundations of Government
Thomas Hobbes
John Locke
state of nature
social contract
An English philosopher born in 1588. Viewed humans as short,…
An English philosopher born in 1632. Known for his view of hu…
In a state of nature, everyone had a right to everything. In…
The idea that people agree to give up some rights or freedoms…
Thomas Hobbes
An English philosopher born in 1588. Viewed humans as short,…
John Locke
An English philosopher born in 1632. Known for his view of hu…
Foundations of Government
power
policy
state
sovereignty
influence over others
any decision made by government in pursuit of a particular goal
a political unit made up by a group of people that lives with…
the ultimate, supreme power rest within a state
power
influence over others
policy
any decision made by government in pursuit of a particular goal
18 terms
Foundations of Government
government
nation
state
soverignty
an institution through which leaders exercise power to make a…
a group of people united by bonds of race, language, custom,…
a political community that occupies a definite territory and…
the supreme and absolute authority within territorial boundar…
government
an institution through which leaders exercise power to make a…
nation
a group of people united by bonds of race, language, custom,…
21 terms
Foundations of Government
direct democracy
John Locke
Socrates
Ancient Greece
A form of democracy in which the people vote firsthand
English philosopher who advocated the idea of a "social contr…
Athenian philosopher (ca. 470-399 B.C.E.) who shifted the emp…
birth place of the western civilization...made great advances…
direct democracy
A form of democracy in which the people vote firsthand
John Locke
English philosopher who advocated the idea of a "social contr…
15 terms
Foundations of Government
Autocracy
Monarchy
English Bill of Rights
Petition of Right
a system of government in which the power to rule is in the h…
autocracy in which a king, queen or emperor exercises power
King William and Queen Mary accepted this document in 1689. I…
Document prepared by Parliament and signed by King Charles I…
Autocracy
a system of government in which the power to rule is in the h…
Monarchy
autocracy in which a king, queen or emperor exercises power
21 terms
Foundations of Government
direct democracy
John Locke
Socrates
Ancient Greece
A form of democracy in which the people vote firsthand
English philosopher who advocated the idea of a "social contr…
Athenian philosopher (ca. 470-399 B.C.E.) who shifted the emp…
birth place of the western civilization...made great advances…
direct democracy
A form of democracy in which the people vote firsthand
John Locke
English philosopher who advocated the idea of a "social contr…
65 terms
Foundations of Government
government
public policies
legislative power
executive power
institution through which a society makes and enforces its pu…
all of those things a government decides to do; covers matter…
the power to make law and to frame public policies
the power to execute, enforce, and administer law
government
institution through which a society makes and enforces its pu…
public policies
all of those things a government decides to do; covers matter…
38 terms
Foundations of Government
Declaration of Independence
Democracy
What are the characteristics of a state
John Locke's theory of natural rights
A statement adopted by the Continental Congress meeting at Ph…
Government for and by the people
Population, Territory, Sovereignty, and Government.
John Locke expressed the radical view that government is mora…
Declaration of Independence
A statement adopted by the Continental Congress meeting at Ph…
Democracy
Government for and by the people
43 terms
Foundations of Government
government
social contract
social contract theory
direct democracy
A formal organization that directs the political life of a so…
An agreement between the people and their government signifyi…
The belief that people are free and equal by natural right, a…
A form of government in which citizens rule directly and not…
government
A formal organization that directs the political life of a so…
social contract
An agreement between the people and their government signifyi…
29 terms
Foundations in Government
government
public policies
legislative power
executive power
the institution through which a society makes and enforces pu…
all the things a government decides to do
the power to make laws
the power to enforce and administer laws
government
the institution through which a society makes and enforces pu…
public policies
all the things a government decides to do
19 terms
Foundations of Government
Direct Democracy (City-State Athens)
Representative Democracy (Roman Senate)
Influencers of enlightenment
Locke
Government in which all citizens had say via participation in…
One in which the citizens elect representatives to act on the…
Locke, Rousseau and Montesquieu
Locke declared all men are born with natural rights of life l…
Direct Democracy (City-State Athens)
Government in which all citizens had say via participation in…
Representative Democracy (Roman Senate)
One in which the citizens elect representatives to act on the…
21 terms
Foundations of Government
direct democracy
John Locke
Socrates
Ancient Greece
A form of democracy in which the people vote firsthand
English philosopher who advocated the idea of a "social contr…
Athenian philosopher (ca. 470-399 B.C.E.) who shifted the emp…
birth place of the western civilization...made great advances…
direct democracy
A form of democracy in which the people vote firsthand
John Locke
English philosopher who advocated the idea of a "social contr…
8 terms
Government Foundations
State of Nature
Natural Rights
Sovereign
Monarchy
Everyone has a right to everything
Basic rights that human beings share. These include life, lib…
A person who has ultimate authority over the people
A king or queen rules the country. Usually come to power thro…
State of Nature
Everyone has a right to everything
Natural Rights
Basic rights that human beings share. These include life, lib…
17 terms
Foundations of Government
Policy
government
politics
sovereignty
Any decision made by the govt in pursuit of a particular goal…
The formal & informal institutions, people, & processes used…
The process by which gov't makes and carries out decisions
The supreme power to act within its territory and control its…
Policy
Any decision made by the govt in pursuit of a particular goal…
government
The formal & informal institutions, people, & processes used…
35 terms
Foundations of Government
English Bill of Rights
Magna Carta
Petition of Rights
John Locke
Document that ended the absolute monarchy and required the Ki…
First known written social contract that established basic ri…
Document that placed limits on the absolute monarchy by creat…
Philosopher that believed that natural rights are protected i…
English Bill of Rights
Document that ended the absolute monarchy and required the Ki…
Magna Carta
First known written social contract that established basic ri…
27 terms
Foundations of Government
Articles of Confederation
The Federalist Papers
Shay's Rebellion
Limited government
State governments stronger than central government. No chief…
Written by John Jay, Alexander Hamilton and James Madison. Ou…
A veteran of the American Revolution, he led an insurrection…
Government has only those powers delegated to it by the peopl…
Articles of Confederation
State governments stronger than central government. No chief…
The Federalist Papers
Written by John Jay, Alexander Hamilton and James Madison. Ou…
9 terms
Foundations of Government
constitution
constitutional convention
Abraham Baldwin
William Few
supreme law of the land
place where they met to write the consitution
one of the signers from Georgia
one of the signers from Georgia
constitution
supreme law of the land
constitutional convention
place where they met to write the consitution
25 terms
Foundations of Government
state
population
territory
sovereignty
a body of people, living in a defined space, with the power t…
people who are the members or citizens of a state.
the area in which a state's rule applies.
the ability to rule absolutely within a given territory.
state
a body of people, living in a defined space, with the power t…
population
people who are the members or citizens of a state.
12 terms
Government Foundations, Government Foundations Extra
State of Nature
Natural Rights
Sovereign
Monarchy
Everyone has a right to everything
Basic rights that human beings share. These include life, lib…
A person who has ultimate authority over the people
A king or queen rules the country. Usually come to power thro…
State of Nature
Everyone has a right to everything
Natural Rights
Basic rights that human beings share. These include life, lib…
14 terms
Foundations of Government
Consent of the Governed
Limited Government
Rule of Law
Democracy
The people are the source of any and all governmental power.
Government is not all-powerful and may do only those things t…
The government and those who govern are bound by the law, as…
In a democratic system of government, the people rule.
Consent of the Governed
The people are the source of any and all governmental power.
Limited Government
Government is not all-powerful and may do only those things t…
37 terms
Foundations of Government
Legislative Branch
Executive Branch
Judicial Branch
Georgia General Assembly
Branch of government that makes the laws. Includes Congress.
Branch of government that enforces the laws. Includes the Pre…
Branch of government that interprets the law. Includes the fe…
What you call the legislative branch of Georgia.
Legislative Branch
Branch of government that makes the laws. Includes Congress.
Executive Branch
Branch of government that enforces the laws. Includes the Pre…
20 terms
Foundations of Government
Magna Carta
English Bill of Rights
Montesquieu
John Locke
Document limiting the powers of monarchs; it made the king ob…
Document guaranteeing certain rights to English citizens and…
Wrote 'Spirit of the Laws', and advocated for separation of p…
English philosopher who advocated the idea of a "social contr…
Magna Carta
Document limiting the powers of monarchs; it made the king ob…
English Bill of Rights
Document guaranteeing certain rights to English citizens and…
39 terms
Foundations of Government
Federal System
Preamble
Declaration of Independence
Shay's Rebellion
Division of power between national and local governments
Sets forth the goals and principles in a constitution
Philosophical foundation for the US basing government on huma…
Event caused Americans to agree on a strong national government
Federal System
Division of power between national and local governments
Preamble
Sets forth the goals and principles in a constitution
18 terms
Foundations of Government
Thomas Hobbes
John Locke
state of nature
social contract
An English philosopher born in 1588. Viewed humans as short,…
An English philosopher born in 1632. Known for his view of hu…
In a state of nature, everyone had a right to everything. In…
The idea that people agree to give up some rights or freedoms…
Thomas Hobbes
An English philosopher born in 1588. Viewed humans as short,…
John Locke
An English philosopher born in 1632. Known for his view of hu…
37 terms
American Government - Foundations
maintain social order
provide public service
provide national security and common d…
support the economy
Purpose of government where the government works to keep the…
Purpose of government where the government provides its citiz…
Purpose of government where the government works to protect i…
Any actions taken by the government to support economic goals…
maintain social order
Purpose of government where the government works to keep the…
provide public service
Purpose of government where the government provides its citiz…
14 terms
Foundations of Government
State (Not that kind of state like Ind…
Population
Territory
Sovereignty
A body of people, living in a defined space, with the power t…
The group of people who are the members or citizens of a state
The area in which a state's rule applies; usually, boundaries…
The ability to rule absolutely... within a territory.
State (Not that kind of state like Ind…
A body of people, living in a defined space, with the power t…
Population
The group of people who are the members or citizens of a state
8 terms
Foundations of Government
Civic Virtue
Natural Rights
Common Good
Consent of the Governed
A person's willingness to give up some of their rights for th…
The right to life, liberty, and property.
What is best for everyone within a community, region, or coun…
People agree to obey the laws and the government they create…
Civic Virtue
A person's willingness to give up some of their rights for th…
Natural Rights
The right to life, liberty, and property.
20 terms
Foundations of Government
politics
natural rights
judicial power
liberal democracy
Process by which a government makes and carries out decisions.
Rights that all people possess by virtue of being human.
Power to interpret the laws and to settle disputes between me…
Form of democracy that protects the rights of the minority.
politics
Process by which a government makes and carries out decisions.
natural rights
Rights that all people possess by virtue of being human.
26 terms
Topic 1: Foundations of Government
Declaration of Independence
Democracy
Free enterprise system
What are the characteristics of a state
A statement adopted by the Continental Congress meeting at Ph…
Government for and by the people; government based on individ…
economic system that promotes private ownership, individual f…
Population, Territory, Sovereignty, and Government.
Declaration of Independence
A statement adopted by the Continental Congress meeting at Ph…
Democracy
Government for and by the people; government based on individ…
Unit 1: Foundations of Government
Government
Preamble
Democracy
Direct Democracy
The formal structures and institutions through which a territ…
An introductory statement. In terms of the Constitution, it e…
"rule by the people" via majority rule (pg. 15-17)
Form of govt in which citizens met regularly in popular assem…
Government
The formal structures and institutions through which a territ…
Preamble
An introductory statement. In terms of the Constitution, it e…
22 terms
Foundations of American Government
Constitutional Convention
Great Compromise
Federalists
Anti-Federalists
Meeting in 1787 of the elected representatives of the thirtee…
1787; This compromise was between the large and small states…
A term used to describe supporters of the Constitution during…
Anti-Federalists rose up as the opponents of the Constitution…
Constitutional Convention
Meeting in 1787 of the elected representatives of the thirtee…
Great Compromise
1787; This compromise was between the large and small states…
21 terms
Foundations of Government
Federalism
Republic
Impeach
Amendment
A system in which power is divided between the national and s…
A form of government in which the people select representativ…
To accuse a high official of serious wrongdoing
A change to the Constitution
Federalism
A system in which power is divided between the national and s…
Republic
A form of government in which the people select representativ…
17 terms
iCivics: Foundations of Government
Government
State of Nature (Hobbes)
Social Contract
Overthrow
A system used for controlling a country or state.
Humans are naturally selfish and quick to fight; people would…
An agreement among the members of a society to cooperate for…
Remove forcibly from power.
Government
A system used for controlling a country or state.
State of Nature (Hobbes)
Humans are naturally selfish and quick to fight; people would…
13 terms
Foundations of Government
A strategic technique used to persuade…
The philosophy that emphasizes equalit…
In a dictatorship or totalitarian gove…
Who is the 19th century German Politic…
Propaganda
Bill of Rights
Controlled by one person or small group who usually maintains…
Karl Marx
A strategic technique used to persuade…
Propaganda
The philosophy that emphasizes equalit…
Bill of Rights
51 terms
American Government - Foundations
maintain social order
provide public service
provide national security and common d…
support the economy
Purpose of government where the government works to keep the…
Purpose of government where the government provides its citiz…
Purpose of government where the government works to protect i…
Any actions taken by the government to support economic goals…
maintain social order
Purpose of government where the government works to keep the…
provide public service
Purpose of government where the government provides its citiz…
26 terms
Foundations of Government
4 roles of government
population
State(not that kind of state like Indi…
territory
Protection, making laws, keeps order, provides services.
The group of people who are the members or citizens of a state.
A body of people, living in a defined space, with the power t…
The area in which a states rule applies, usually, boundaries…
4 roles of government
Protection, making laws, keeps order, provides services.
population
The group of people who are the members or citizens of a state.
19 terms
Foundations of Government
government
power
policy
state
formal institutions and processes through which decisions are…
government's authority and ability to get things done
decision made by government in pursuit of a particular goal
political unit with the power to make and enforce laws over a…
government
formal institutions and processes through which decisions are…
power
government's authority and ability to get things done
14 terms
Foundations of Government
Direct Democracy
Representative Democracy
Dictatorship
Oligarchy
A form of government in which political decisions are made by…
A form of government in which citizens elect leaders to make…
A form of government in which the leader has absolute power a…
A form of government in which the power to rule is held by a…
Direct Democracy
A form of government in which political decisions are made by…
Representative Democracy
A form of government in which citizens elect leaders to make…
36 terms
Foundations of Government
English Bill of Rights
Magna Carta
Petition of Rights
John Locke
Document that ended the absolute monarchy and required the Ki…
First known written social contract that established basic ri…
Document that placed limits on the absolute monarchy by creat…
Philosopher that believed that natural rights are protected i…
English Bill of Rights
Document that ended the absolute monarchy and required the Ki…
Magna Carta
First known written social contract that established basic ri…
38 terms
Unit 1: Foundations of Government
Government
Thomas Hobbes
Social Contract
Sovereign
made up of the formal institutions and processes through whic…
English scholar and philosopher; wrote about many topics incl…
People agree to give up some rights and power in exchange for…
A term of multiple meanings, of which one usage is synonymous…
Government
made up of the formal institutions and processes through whic…
Thomas Hobbes
English scholar and philosopher; wrote about many topics incl…
28 terms
Foundations of Government
The great compromise
Government
Politics
Government exists(preamble) ...
created two houses in Congress; one based on population (Virg…
The institution through which a society makes and enforces it…
The process by which we select our governmental leaders and w…
-Form a More Perfect Union ... -Establish Justice... -Insure Domest…
The great compromise
created two houses in Congress; one based on population (Virg…
Government
The institution through which a society makes and enforces it…
33 terms
Unit 1 Foundations of Government
State of Nature
Thomas Hobbes
Social Contract
"Leviathan"
Everyone had a right to everything. No rules, no one in charg…
English scholar and philosopher; wrote about many topics incl…
People agree to give up some rights and power in exchange for…
A book by Thomas Hobbes; explained how government should work…
State of Nature
Everyone had a right to everything. No rules, no one in charg…
Thomas Hobbes
English scholar and philosopher; wrote about many topics incl…
16 terms
Foundations of Government
Socialism
Capitalism
Communism
sovereignty
A political and economic theory of social organization that a…
An economic and political system in which a country's trade a…
A political theory derived from Karl Marx, advocating class w…
A principle of international relations that holds that final…
Socialism
A political and economic theory of social organization that a…
Capitalism
An economic and political system in which a country's trade a…
23 terms
Foundations of Government
Government
Legislative
Down
Opportunities
The institution through which a society makes and enforces it…
Which of the following has the power to make laws?
The law of Supply and Demand says that when supply goes up pr…
Being equal means that everybody has the same chances
Government
The institution through which a society makes and enforces it…
Legislative
Which of the following has the power to make laws?
27 terms
Foundations of Government
State of Nature
Social Contract
Sovereign
Tabula Rasa
To live in a state where everyone has a right to everything.
An agreement in which both sides agree to something in order…
A ruler.
A blank state or page.
State of Nature
To live in a state where everyone has a right to everything.
Social Contract
An agreement in which both sides agree to something in order…
28 terms
Foundations of Government
state of nature
social contract
natural rights
soverign
Everyone has a right to everything. To get what they want, pe…
A contract between the people and the government
Rights that are not given to people--people are born with them.
Ruler
state of nature
Everyone has a right to everything. To get what they want, pe…
social contract
A contract between the people and the government
15 terms
Foundations of Government
Democracy
Direct Democracy
Representative Democracy
Dictatorship
government with rule by the people
People directly rule the government--all people have an equal…
government serves the will of the people. People elect repres…
government ran by a single ruler who usually rules with force…
Democracy
government with rule by the people
Direct Democracy
People directly rule the government--all people have an equal…
Ch. 1 - Foundations of Government
government
collective goods
politics
political participation
the institutions through which public policies are made for a…
goods and services, such as clean air and clean water, that c…
the process of determining the leaders we select and the poli…
all the activities by which citizens attempt to influence the…
government
the institutions through which public policies are made for a…
collective goods
goods and services, such as clean air and clean water, that c…
Foundations of Government
Characteristics of a State
Origin of Government... Force Theory
Origins of Government... Evolutionary Th…
Origins of Government... Divine Right Th…
Population - people... Territory - a place/boundaries... Sovereignt…
The powerful took control and made a government
People move to an area and assume power
God chose those that should lead
Characteristics of a State
Population - people... Territory - a place/boundaries... Sovereignt…
Origin of Government... Force Theory
The powerful took control and made a government
30 terms
Ch. 1 - Foundations of Government
government
collective goods
politics
political participation
the institutions through which public policies are made for a…
goods and services, such as clean air and clean water, that c…
the process of determining the leaders we select and the poli…
all the activities by which citizens attempt to influence the…
government
the institutions through which public policies are made for a…
collective goods
goods and services, such as clean air and clean water, that c…
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