Study sets matching "french revolution enlightenment"

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Study sets matching "french revolution enlightenment"

52 terms
French Revolution, Scientific Revolution & Enlightenment
ancien regime
Estates
bourgeoisie
Louis XVI
Political and social system in France before the Revolution o…
France's traditional national assembly with representatives o…
In early modern Europe, the class of well-off town dwellers w…
King of France (1774-1792). In 1789 he summoned the Estates-G…
ancien regime
Political and social system in France before the Revolution o…
Estates
France's traditional national assembly with representatives o…
13 terms
Enlightenment & Revolutions: French Revolution
Declaration of the Rights of Man
Napoleonic Code
Old Regime
Reign of Terror
French Revolution document that outlined what the National As…
A comprehensive and uniform system of laws established for Fr…
The political and social system that existed in France before…
The historic period during the French Revolution when thousan…
Declaration of the Rights of Man
French Revolution document that outlined what the National As…
Napoleonic Code
A comprehensive and uniform system of laws established for Fr…
40 terms
Absolutism, Enlightenment, French Revolution
Louis XIV
Divine Right
Oliver Cromwell
Boyars
This archetypal absolute monarch of France, nicknamed the "Su…
The idea that God made kings (or queens) and so only God coul…
Leader of the Roundheads in the English Civil War, this man b…
The Russian nobles, forced to shave their beards and dress in…
Louis XIV
This archetypal absolute monarch of France, nicknamed the "Su…
Divine Right
The idea that God made kings (or queens) and so only God coul…
12 terms
Enlightenment and French Revolution 1
Doubt and skepticism.
I think therefore i am.
General laws and principles.
The Catholic Church.
What did Descartes' work focus on?
What phrase did Descartes use to prove his existence?
What did Descartes say people should use when studying things?
What organization did Voltaire often criticize in his work?
Doubt and skepticism.
What did Descartes' work focus on?
I think therefore i am.
What phrase did Descartes use to prove his existence?
12 terms
Enlightenment and French Revolution 2
He sold government offices.
Office holder to pass their position o…
Cardinal Richelieu
Nobles were ordered to demolish their…
How did the Duke of Sully raise money for the French King?
What did the Paulette tax allow?
Who ruled France for much of Louis XIII's early reign?
What order of 1626 greatly lowered the power of France's nobl…
He sold government offices.
How did the Duke of Sully raise money for the French King?
Office holder to pass their position o…
What did the Paulette tax allow?
12 terms
Enlightenment and French Revolution 5
Nobles
They controlled important army, court…
The rest of the French population ( 97%)
They paid high taxes , had no power, a…
Who made up the 2nd Estate in France?
Why did nobles have power in the government?
Who made up the 3rd Estate in France?
Why were members of the 3rd Estate unhappy?
Nobles
Who made up the 2nd Estate in France?
They controlled important army, court…
Why did nobles have power in the government?
40 terms
Absolutism, Enlightenment, French Revolution
Louis XIV
Divine Right
Oliver Cromwell
Boyars
This archetypal absolute monarch of France, nicknamed the "Su…
The idea that God made kings (or queens) and so only God coul…
Leader of the Roundheads in the English Civil War, this man b…
The Russian nobles, forced to shave their beards and dress in…
Louis XIV
This archetypal absolute monarch of France, nicknamed the "Su…
Divine Right
The idea that God made kings (or queens) and so only God coul…
31 terms
Scientific Revolution / Enlightenment / French Revolution
Geocentric Theory
Copernicus
heliocentric theory
Kepler
Earth is the center of the Universe
Created the heliocentric theory
the idea that the earth and the other planets revolve around…
German astronomer who first stated laws of planetary motion
Geocentric Theory
Earth is the center of the Universe
Copernicus
Created the heliocentric theory
30 terms
Enlightenment/French Revolution
Natural rights
Thomas Hobbes
John Locke
Montesquieu
Rights that belong to all humans from birth, such as life, li…
English Enlightenment thinker, author of Leviathan, believed…
English Enlightenment thinker, author of Two Treatises of Gov…
French thinker who published The Spirit of the Laws, felt the…
Natural rights
Rights that belong to all humans from birth, such as life, li…
Thomas Hobbes
English Enlightenment thinker, author of Leviathan, believed…
25 terms
Absolutism, Enlightenment, French Revolution
Age of Absolutism
Thomas Hobbes
Divine Right
Louis XIV
a time in European history when there were many absolute mona…
believed in a strong government based on reason
right to rule given by God
absolute monarch of France
Age of Absolutism
a time in European history when there were many absolute mona…
Thomas Hobbes
believed in a strong government based on reason
73 terms
Enlightenment and French Revolution
natural law
Thomas Hobbes
John Locke
social contract
rules discoverable by reason
believed that the government exists to control people Leviath…
believed that the government should exist to protect an indiv…
an agreement by which they gave up their freedom for an organ…
natural law
rules discoverable by reason
Thomas Hobbes
believed that the government exists to control people Leviath…
14 terms
ENLIGHTENMENT AND FRENCH REVOLUTION
Natural Law
Social Contract
Laissez-Faire
Free Market Economy
D#1 - Law that is determined by nature... D#2 -Nature dictates w…
D#1 - Agreement for people to give up their freedoms and libe…
D#1 - Economic system without interference from the governmen…
D#1 - Economy without government interference... D#2 - Feeds off…
Natural Law
D#1 - Law that is determined by nature... D#2 -Nature dictates w…
Social Contract
D#1 - Agreement for people to give up their freedoms and libe…
20 terms
Enlightenment & French Revolution Quiz
Estates General
Radical
Guillotine
Storming of the Bastille
France's traditional parliament with representatives of the t…
A person with extreme views, often seen as revolutionary.
A machine for beheading people, used as a means of execution…
July 14, 1789: When a mob attacked the Bastille, a fortress w…
Estates General
France's traditional parliament with representatives of the t…
Radical
A person with extreme views, often seen as revolutionary.
25 terms
French Revolution & Enlightenment
Philosophes
Primary Sources
Secondary Sources
DBQ
Translates to "Social Critics"--another term for Enlightenmen…
Original eyewitness accounts of history. They include letters…
A source that analyzes the past; NOT an eyewitness
Document Based Question
Philosophes
Translates to "Social Critics"--another term for Enlightenmen…
Primary Sources
Original eyewitness accounts of history. They include letters…
Enlightenment, French Revolution and Nationalism
monarch
clergy
nobility
merchant
King or queen, power is passed through the family
People who work for the church like the Pope, bishops, and pr…
wealthy landowning class
a person who is involved in the trade
monarch
King or queen, power is passed through the family
clergy
People who work for the church like the Pope, bishops, and pr…
19 terms
Scientific Revolution, Enlightenment, French Revolution
Geocentric system; earth is center of…
Heliocentric system; sun is center of…
Telescope; mountains on moon, four moo…
Every person was born with a tabula ra…
Ptolemy
Nicolaus Copernicus
Galileo Galilei
John Locke
Geocentric system; earth is center of…
Ptolemy
Heliocentric system; sun is center of…
Nicolaus Copernicus
5 terms
The Enlightenment and French Revolution
Enlightenment
Social Contract
Separation of Powers
Bourgeoise
A time (17th and 18th centuries) when people used science to…
An agreement in which people give power to a government in re…
The power in government is divided up so that one person does…
French middle class
Enlightenment
A time (17th and 18th centuries) when people used science to…
Social Contract
An agreement in which people give power to a government in re…
8 terms
Enlightenment and Revolution + French Revolution
First to argue that the Sun was the ce…
Isaac Newton's universal law of gravit…
Social contract
Russia defeated Napoleon by
Copernicus
all objects equally affected by the same forces
Rosseau- the agreement by which people create a government
scorched-earth policy
First to argue that the Sun was the ce…
Copernicus
Isaac Newton's universal law of gravit…
all objects equally affected by the same forces
64 terms
Enlightenment, French Revolution, and Napoleon
Enlightenment
Locke
Montesquieu
Voltaire
a creation of new ideas after questioning the ideas of the Ca…
Life, Liberty, and Property;... Government should protect people…
Separation of Powers to prevent tyranny
Anti-Semitism... Deism - Natural Laws
Enlightenment
a creation of new ideas after questioning the ideas of the Ca…
Locke
Life, Liberty, and Property;... Government should protect people…
43 terms
Age of Enlightenment and the French Revolution
bourgeoisie
sans-culottes
Versailles
Estates General
French middle class
Literal translation - without breeches or wearing long, workm…
A palace built by Louis XIV outside of Paris; it was home to…
France's traditional national assembly with representatives o…
bourgeoisie
French middle class
sans-culottes
Literal translation - without breeches or wearing long, workm…
28 terms
The Enlightenment and the French Revolution
Why is the Enlightenment also called t…
What was the goal of the Enlightenment…
Which of the following is not a natura…
What is a Social Contact?
Enlightenment thinkers looked towards the facts of science an…
Create laws regarding human interaction, based on the laws of…
Pursuit of Happiness
An agreement between people and government.
Why is the Enlightenment also called t…
Enlightenment thinkers looked towards the facts of science an…
What was the goal of the Enlightenment…
Create laws regarding human interaction, based on the laws of…
Absolutism, Enlightenment, French Revolution Review
Absolutism
Divine Right
Limited Monarchy
Akbar the Great
one leader with total control
The right to rule comes from God... (like Mandate of Heaven)
Monarch whose power is limited
Religious toleration
Absolutism
one leader with total control
Divine Right
The right to rule comes from God... (like Mandate of Heaven)
12 terms
Enlightenment/French Revolution
Voltaire
Hobbes
Salons
Frederick II of Prussia
Believed in freedom of speech and religion. Inspired many Enl…
Believed that power should remain with absolute leaders and m…
Meetings held throughout Europe primarily for the upper-class…
Absolute leader who brought new technology and agricultural p…
Voltaire
Believed in freedom of speech and religion. Inspired many Enl…
Hobbes
Believed that power should remain with absolute leaders and m…
20 terms
Enlightenment/French Revolution
Absolutism
Age of Enlightenment
Divine Right
Inequality
A government in which an individual has total control and exe…
A time of criticism of absolutims in government, intolerance…
The belief that laws and powers of the monarchy are derived f…
Unfairness, not the same for everyone
Absolutism
A government in which an individual has total control and exe…
Age of Enlightenment
A time of criticism of absolutims in government, intolerance…
10 terms
French Revolution / Enlightenment
The Philosophes
Louis XVI
Marie-Antoinette
Jacques Necker
People who questioned the government and came up with new ideas
Incompetent King of France, executed by French Revolution
Queen of France, Married to Louis, From Austria, Killed in re…
Finance minister, 3rd estate loved, fired by Louis XVI
The Philosophes
People who questioned the government and came up with new ideas
Louis XVI
Incompetent King of France, executed by French Revolution
23 terms
Enlightenment & French Revolution Vocabulary
right
philosopher
reason
liberty
something you are allowed to do because you are a person
one who thinks about, questions and studies the nature of lif…
the power of the mind to think, understand, and make sense of…
the freedom to do what you'd like to do
right
something you are allowed to do because you are a person
philosopher
one who thinks about, questions and studies the nature of lif…
14 terms
ENLIGHTENMENT AND FRENCH REVOLUTION
Natural Law
Social Contract
Laissez-Faire
Free Market Economy
D#1 - Law that is determined by nature... D#2 -Nature dictates w…
D#1 - Agreement for people to give up their freedoms and libe…
D#1 - Economic system without interference from the governmen…
D#1 - Economy without government interference... D#2 - Feeds off…
Natural Law
D#1 - Law that is determined by nature... D#2 -Nature dictates w…
Social Contract
D#1 - Agreement for people to give up their freedoms and libe…
18 terms
Vocab Enlightenment and French Revolution
natural law
social contract
philosophe
laissez faire
a body of unchanging moral principles regarded as a basis for…
typically means that individuals have consented, either expli…
one of the deistic or materialistic writers and thinkers of t…
a policy or attitude of letting things take their own course,…
natural law
a body of unchanging moral principles regarded as a basis for…
social contract
typically means that individuals have consented, either expli…
23 terms
French Revolution and Enlightenment Vocabulary
Revolution
rebel
revolt
tradition
A great change from things in the past
v. the process of fighting against one's government... n. a pers…
to rise up and fight against the government or other authority
the beliefs and ways of doing things that are passed down fro…
Revolution
A great change from things in the past
rebel
v. the process of fighting against one's government... n. a pers…
Scientific Revolution- Enlightenment- French Revolution
Copernicus
Isac Newton
Geocentric Model
Enlightenment
Developed Heliocentric theory- sun is center of universe
English physicist and mathematician, most famous for his law…
Model of the Solar System with the Earth in the center. First…
A movement of ideas that occurred in Europe between 1680 and…
Copernicus
Developed Heliocentric theory- sun is center of universe
Isac Newton
English physicist and mathematician, most famous for his law…
6 terms
Scientific Revolution/Enlightenment/French Revolution
SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION
ENLIGHTENMENT
ENLIGHTENED DESPOTS
CAUSES OF THE FRENCH REVOLUTION (1789-…
Involved thinkers like Copernicus, Newton and Galileo... Thinker…
Involved thinkers like Locke, Rousseau, Montesquieu and Volta…
Examples- Maria Theresa and Catherine the Great... Absolute Rule…
Inspired by the success of the American Revolution and the Id…
SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION
Involved thinkers like Copernicus, Newton and Galileo... Thinker…
ENLIGHTENMENT
Involved thinkers like Locke, Rousseau, Montesquieu and Volta…
35 terms
Absolutism, Enlightenment, French Revolution
Louis XIV
Divine Right
Oliver Cromwell
Nicolaus Copernicus
This archetypal absolute monarch of France, nicknamed the "Su…
The idea that God made kings (or queens) and so only God coul…
Leader of the Roundheads in the English Civil War, this man b…
In 1543, this man presented his heliocentric (sun-centered) t…
Louis XIV
This archetypal absolute monarch of France, nicknamed the "Su…
Divine Right
The idea that God made kings (or queens) and so only God coul…
13 terms
French Revolution/ Enlightenment
Guerrilla
The congress of Vienna
Maximilian Robespierre
Tennis Court Oath
civilians who attack an army using local knowledge & unconven…
a political conference of rulers in Vienna, Austria hoping fo…
a Jacobin and on the Committee of Public Safety and advocated…
The third estate broke off from the National Assembly in June…
Guerrilla
civilians who attack an army using local knowledge & unconven…
The congress of Vienna
a political conference of rulers in Vienna, Austria hoping fo…
67 terms
The Enlightenment and French Revolution
Thomas Hobbes
John Locke
Montesquieu
Voltaire
...
...
...
...
Thomas Hobbes
...
John Locke
...
76 terms
Enlightenment and French Revolution
natural law
Thomas Hobbes
John Locke
social contract
rules discoverable by reason
believed that the government exists to control people Leviath…
believed that the government should exist to protect an indiv…
an agreement by which they gave up their freedom for an organ…
natural law
rules discoverable by reason
Thomas Hobbes
believed that the government exists to control people Leviath…
20 terms
The Enlightenment, French Revolution and Industrial Revolution Review
absolute monarchy
divine right
French Social Structure
One similarity of the Scientific Revol…
Form of government in which the king/queen has all of the pow…
Belief that a rulers authority comes directly from god.
first estate paid no taxes, second estate free from most taxe…
emphasized the value of human reasoning
absolute monarchy
Form of government in which the king/queen has all of the pow…
divine right
Belief that a rulers authority comes directly from god.
100 terms
Enlightenment, french revolution, Napoleon
Enlightenment
Natural law theory
What did Edward Jenner do
The church is holding back people duri…
A movement in the 18th century that advocated the use of reas…
All humans have certain rights from birth
He used the mad cow disease to cure smallpox, this influenced…
The church wants to have complete control over the parishione…
Enlightenment
A movement in the 18th century that advocated the use of reas…
Natural law theory
All humans have certain rights from birth
43 terms
French Revolution/Enlightenment
Geocentric
Heliocentric
Natural Rights
Social Contract
Earth centered
sun centered
Rights that every person is born with.
Theory that a contract exists between the government and its…
Geocentric
Earth centered
Heliocentric
sun centered
Enlightenment and the French Revolution
Declaration of the Rights of Man
Old Regime
Reign of Terror
Maximilien Robespierre
French Revolution document that outlined what the National As…
The political and social system that existed in France before…
The historic period during the French Revolution when thousan…
The leader of the bloodiest portion of the French Revolution.…
Declaration of the Rights of Man
French Revolution document that outlined what the National As…
Old Regime
The political and social system that existed in France before…
30 terms
The Enlightenment and French Revolution
Enlightenment
John Locke
Monarchy
Diderot
period in the 1700s when philosophers believed they could app…
believed in life, liberty and property, people were born good…
a king or queen is in charge
wrote the first encyclopedia
Enlightenment
period in the 1700s when philosophers believed they could app…
John Locke
believed in life, liberty and property, people were born good…
Enlightenment/French Revolution
Thomas Hobbes
John Locke
Montesquieu
Voltaire
* all people concerned with self-preservation... * absolute mona…
* against absolutism ... * people deserve natural rights -> prot…
* separation of powers
* freedom of speech... * freedom of religion
Thomas Hobbes
* all people concerned with self-preservation... * absolute mona…
John Locke
* against absolutism ... * people deserve natural rights -> prot…
100 terms
Enlightenment, french revolution, Napoleon
Enlightenment
Natural law theory
What did Edward Jenner do
The church is holding back people duri…
A movement in the 18th century that advocated the use of reas…
All humans have certain rights from birth
He used the mad cow disease to cure smallpox, this influenced…
The church wants to have complete control over the parishione…
Enlightenment
A movement in the 18th century that advocated the use of reas…
Natural law theory
All humans have certain rights from birth
33 terms
French Revolution and Enlightenment
Scorched Earth Warfare
Coup d'etat
Marie Antoinette
Robespierre
Type of warfare the Russians used against Napoleon
To assume power by military force
Queen of France, wife of Louis XVI
Leader during the Reign of Terror
Scorched Earth Warfare
Type of warfare the Russians used against Napoleon
Coup d'etat
To assume power by military force
Enlightenment & French Revolution
Enlightenment
Montesquieu
Rousseau
John Lock
Philosophical movement where thinkers used reason to explain…
French philosophe or Enlightenment thinker who ... created separ…
see social contract below: he is most credited with this conc…
English philosophe who espoused the idea of all people being…
Enlightenment
Philosophical movement where thinkers used reason to explain…
Montesquieu
French philosophe or Enlightenment thinker who ... created separ…
Enlightenment & French Revolution
Declaration of the Rights of Man
Louis XVI
Tennis Court Oath
salon
French document written to give equal rights and freedoms to…
King of France leading up to the French Revolution. He was a…
The first deliberate act of revolution, which occurred in an…
A social gathering held to discuss ideas
Declaration of the Rights of Man
French document written to give equal rights and freedoms to…
Louis XVI
King of France leading up to the French Revolution. He was a…
47 terms
Scientific Revolution / Enlightenment / French Revolution
Geocentric Theory
Copernicus
heliocentric theory
Kepler
Earth is the center of the Universe
Created the heliocentric theory
the idea that the earth and the other planets revolve around…
German astronomer who first stated laws of planetary motion
Geocentric Theory
Earth is the center of the Universe
Copernicus
Created the heliocentric theory
50 terms
Enlightenment and The French Revolution
bourgeoisie
émigré
radicals
laissez-faire
urban middle class, included: merchants, manufactures and pro…
a person who has emigrated, often with a connotation of polit…
the left, they wanted more drastic changes and to get rid of…
abstention by governments from interfering in the workings of…
bourgeoisie
urban middle class, included: merchants, manufactures and pro…
émigré
a person who has emigrated, often with a connotation of polit…
FRENCH REVOLUTION TERMS-Enlightenment
John Locke
Thomas Hobbes
Voltaire
Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Person who believed in checks and balances, social contract,…
all people are born bad
People are born evil, saitres made fun of the Catholic Church…
Social contract. Bleived in social injustice, general will, "…
John Locke
Person who believed in checks and balances, social contract,…
Thomas Hobbes
all people are born bad
124 terms
The French Revolution & Enlightenment
What are the three stages of the Frenc…
What colors made up the new French/Tri…
Why was the white added in between the…
What were the people fighting for in t…
1. philosophy/Enlightenment... 2. Reign of Terror (radicalized)…
red, white, blue
white represented the king (Bourbon flag symbol removed) and…
"liberty, equality, and fraternity" ... (fraternity = brotherhood)
What are the three stages of the Frenc…
1. philosophy/Enlightenment... 2. Reign of Terror (radicalized)…
What colors made up the new French/Tri…
red, white, blue
12 terms
French Revolution and Enlightenment
Hobbes
Committee of Public Safety
Estates General
Louis XVI
The political theories of Thomas Hobbes also had an impact on…
created in April 1793 by the National Convention and then res…
was the first meeting since 1614 of the French Estates-Genera…
was King of France from 1774 until his deposition in 1792, al…
Hobbes
The political theories of Thomas Hobbes also had an impact on…
Committee of Public Safety
created in April 1793 by the National Convention and then res…
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