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Study sets matching "freshman biology"

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Study sets matching "freshman biology"

168 terms
Freshman Biology
Atom
Molecule
Compound
Proton
the smallest unit of an element that maintains the chemical p…
a group of atoms that are held together by chemical forces; a…
a substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
a subatomic particle that has a positive charge and that is l…
Atom
the smallest unit of an element that maintains the chemical p…
Molecule
a group of atoms that are held together by chemical forces; a…
25 terms
freshman biology
endothermic
cohesion
solute
solvent
when water absorbs large amounts of energy which keeps cells…
attraction between molecules of the same substance
substance that is dissolved in a solvent to make a solution
substance in which a solute is dissolved to form a solution
endothermic
when water absorbs large amounts of energy which keeps cells…
cohesion
attraction between molecules of the same substance
25 terms
Freshman biology
Biology
Metabolism
Homeostasis
Hypothesis
The study of life
All the chemical reactions that take place in an organism
The maintenance of a constant internal environment
An idea that can be experimentally tested
Biology
The study of life
Metabolism
All the chemical reactions that take place in an organism
150 terms
Freshman Biology
Cell wall
Chloroplast
Thylakoids
Stroma
Made of cellulose... Support and structure... Extra barrier... Only fo…
Runs photosynthesis... Contains thylakoids and stroma
Flat disks in chloroplasts used to absorb sunlight
Liquid in chloroplast where the calvin cycle takes place
Cell wall
Made of cellulose... Support and structure... Extra barrier... Only fo…
Chloroplast
Runs photosynthesis... Contains thylakoids and stroma
199 terms
Freshman Biology
Atom
Molecule
Compound
Proton
the smallest unit of an element that maintains the chemical p…
a group of atoms that are held together by chemical forces; i…
a substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
a subatomic particle that has a positive charge and that is l…
Atom
the smallest unit of an element that maintains the chemical p…
Molecule
a group of atoms that are held together by chemical forces; i…
29 terms
Biology - Freshman
Tolerance
Habitat
Niche
Intraspecific
The ability to survive and reproduce under a range of environ…
The general place where an organism lives.
What an organism does and how it interacts with other organis…
Between members of the same species.
Tolerance
The ability to survive and reproduce under a range of environ…
Habitat
The general place where an organism lives.
10 terms
Freshman Biology
Biology
Metabolism
Homeostasis
Acid
The study of life
All chemical reactions that take place in an organism
The maintenance of a constant internal Envoirnment
pH below 7
Biology
The study of life
Metabolism
All chemical reactions that take place in an organism
23 terms
Freshman Biology
Science
Natural philosophy
Observation
Inference
...
...
...
...
Science
...
Natural philosophy
...
8 terms
Freshman Biology
Hydrogen Bonds
Macro molecules
Carbohydrates
Sugars
a weak bond between two molecules
a molecule containing a very large number of atoms
any of a large group of organic compounds occurring in foods…
sweet crystalline substance obtained from various plants
Hydrogen Bonds
a weak bond between two molecules
Macro molecules
a molecule containing a very large number of atoms
68 terms
Freshman Biology
What process allows other scientists t…
Describe the metric system based on mu…
Explain the following parts of the sci…
Control
Metric System
Meter
Observation: usually leads to Experiment (the work of scienti…
the group in an experiment that is kept constant
What process allows other scientists t…
Metric System
Describe the metric system based on mu…
Meter
49 terms
Freshman Biology
Biotic (Ecology)
Abiotic (Ecology)
Photosynthesis Equation
Transpiration (Water Cycle)
of, relating to, or caused by living organisms... ex. Animals, P…
opposite of biotic, an unliving object, element, or gas.... ex.…
E+C02+H20> C6H1206 + Oxygen... Energy+Carbon Dioxide+Water= Gluc…
Plants undergo transpiration. Liquid to Gas... ex. Leaf to Air
Biotic (Ecology)
of, relating to, or caused by living organisms... ex. Animals, P…
Abiotic (Ecology)
opposite of biotic, an unliving object, element, or gas.... ex.…
45 terms
Biology Freshman
Cohesion
Adhesion
Solvent
Solute
Water connects to water
Water connects to other substances
...
...
Cohesion
Water connects to water
Adhesion
Water connects to other substances
44 terms
Biology Freshman
Double Helix
Incomplete Dominance
Multiple Alleles
Genotype
Twisted-ladder shape of DNA, formed by two nucleotide strands…
Complex inheritance pattern in which the heterozygous phenoty…
Having more than two alleles for a specific trait.
An organism's allele pairs.
Double Helix
Twisted-ladder shape of DNA, formed by two nucleotide strands…
Incomplete Dominance
Complex inheritance pattern in which the heterozygous phenoty…
Freshman Biology
The equation for cell respiration
2 Ingredients for cell respiration and…
How are photosynthesis and cell respir…
What organelle does cell respiration t…
C6H2O6 + O2 + H2O + ATP
Glucose comes from blood & Oxygen comes from the lungs
Produces food, store energy and releases oxygen
Mitochondria
The equation for cell respiration
C6H2O6 + O2 + H2O + ATP
2 Ingredients for cell respiration and…
Glucose comes from blood & Oxygen comes from the lungs
76 terms
Freshman Biology: Chapter 3
Cell Theory
Cytoplasm
Organelle
Prokaryotic Cells
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
Membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
Cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
Cell Theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
Cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
240 terms
freshman biology exam 1
observation
qualitative
quantitative
inductive reasoning
gathering of info either through direct use of the senses or…
recorded descriptions
numerical measurements
derive generalizations from a large number of observations
observation
gathering of info either through direct use of the senses or…
qualitative
recorded descriptions
130 terms
Biology Mid Term (Freshman)
observation
problem
hypothesis
experiment includes...
lead to a question
independent variable and dependent variable must be stated (i…
prediction of what will happen
experiment, control, and variable group
observation
lead to a question
problem
independent variable and dependent variable must be stated (i…
181 terms
Freshman Biology Final
Transcribed DNA strand
Untranscribed DNA strand
RNA polymerase
Promoter region
template strand
coding strand
an enzyme that transcribes all RNA
Binding site for gene, TATA box
Transcribed DNA strand
template strand
Untranscribed DNA strand
coding strand
37 terms
Freshman Biology- Human Genetics
chromosomes
downs syndrome
slowed mental development
recessive gene
downs syndrome
chromosomes disease
symtom of downs syndrome
sickle cell
chromosomes
downs syndrome
downs syndrome
chromosomes disease
30 terms
DNA FCHS Freshman Biology
nucleotide
Phosphate group binds to
Chargaff's Rule
In strand of DNA, if thymine is 30% wh…
has 3 parts= a phosphate group, a five carbon sugar (deoxyrib…
sugar of the next group in a single strand of DNA
C & G, T & A, rule of base pairing; cytosine & guanine, adeni…
Each strand equals 50, so cytosine would be 20%
nucleotide
has 3 parts= a phosphate group, a five carbon sugar (deoxyrib…
Phosphate group binds to
sugar of the next group in a single strand of DNA
8 terms
Freshman Biology Photosynthesis
photosynthesis
Chloroplasts
Equation for Photosynthesis
Granum
Photosynthesis is how plants eat. They use this process to ma…
Inside the cells are tiny little things called chloroplasts.…
Carbon Dioxide + Water + Light ----> Sugar + Oxygen
A stack of thylakoids in a chloroplast
photosynthesis
Photosynthesis is how plants eat. They use this process to ma…
Chloroplasts
Inside the cells are tiny little things called chloroplasts.…
159 terms
Biology CBA Freshman midterm
Homeostasis
Metabolism
species
evolution
any process that living things use to actively maintain fairl…
the chemical processes that occur within a living organism in…
group of organisms where two individuals are capable of repro…
change over time
Homeostasis
any process that living things use to actively maintain fairl…
Metabolism
the chemical processes that occur within a living organism in…
26 terms
Freshman Biology - Biochemistry
Atom
Molecule
Proton
Electron
The basic unit of a chemical element.
A group of atoms bonded together, representing the smallest f…
Positive charge.
Negative charge.
Atom
The basic unit of a chemical element.
Molecule
A group of atoms bonded together, representing the smallest f…
15 terms
Chapter 14 Freshman Biology
What percent of human sperm have an x…
how many chromosomes on a karyotype
which of the following statements is t…
what forms a barr body
50%
46
colorblindness is carried on mothers side
one female x chromosome
What percent of human sperm have an x…
50%
how many chromosomes on a karyotype
46
189 terms
BIOLOGY FRESHMAN FINAL!!!!!!
what role does cell division play in y…
does cell division stop when you are f…
what is the role of chromosomes in cel…
the genetic information that is passed…
it replaces old, worn out cells
no
have to replicate
chromosomes
what role does cell division play in y…
it replaces old, worn out cells
does cell division stop when you are f…
no
274 terms
Biology: Final: Freshman Year
gene
genotype
phenotype
rna
section of DNA... contains instructions to make a specific protein
sequence of nucleotide bases... genetic makeup (written recipe)
physical product (cookie)... determined by protein's geneotype
made of nucleotides... phosphate group and nitrogen bases... ribonu…
gene
section of DNA... contains instructions to make a specific protein
genotype
sequence of nucleotide bases... genetic makeup (written recipe)
23 terms
Freshman Biology March Benchmark
Myelin
Genetic Variation
How are signals passed along?
phenotype
Insulating sheath around nerve that allows faster impulses.
All of the individuals in the population are slightly differe…
dendrites ---> cell body ---> nodes of rainier ---> synapes -…
observable traits (ex. height, eye color, etc.)
Myelin
Insulating sheath around nerve that allows faster impulses.
Genetic Variation
All of the individuals in the population are slightly differe…
85 terms
SLUH Freshman Biology - Nervous System
Atom
compound
Molecule
Macromolecule
The smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
A substance formed by chemical union of two or more elements…
The simplest structural unit of an element or compound
A very large organic molecule composed of many smaller molecu…
Atom
The smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
compound
A substance formed by chemical union of two or more elements…
89 terms
CP Biology Freshman Midterm
Characteristics of Life
Scientific Method
Control Group VS Experimental Group
Basic Care of Microscope
made of cells / reproduces / displays organization / grows an…
1. Problem... 2. Research... 3. Experiment ... - control group... - exp…
control group: "normal" ... experimental group: changing (aspect)
pick up with arm / clean lens with lens paper / on LOW power…
Characteristics of Life
made of cells / reproduces / displays organization / grows an…
Scientific Method
1. Problem... 2. Research... 3. Experiment ... - control group... - exp…
160 terms
Biology CBA Freshman midterm
Homeostasis
Metabolism
species
evolution
any process that living things use to actively maintain fairl…
the chemical processes that occur within a living organism in…
group of organisms where two individuals are capable of repro…
change over time
Homeostasis
any process that living things use to actively maintain fairl…
Metabolism
the chemical processes that occur within a living organism in…
36 terms
Magnificat Freshman Biology Miosis
meiosis
gametes
haploid
fertilization
production of gametes
egg and sperm cells
one set of chromosomes (one from mom and one from dad)
restores chromosome number (haploid -> diploid)
meiosis
production of gametes
gametes
egg and sperm cells
46 terms
Freshman Biology Final Review
Adaptation
Allele
Anaphase
Autosome
The process of becoming adapted to an environment
One of the alternative forms of a gene that govens a characte…
A phase in mitosis and meiosis in which chromosomes seperate
Any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
Adaptation
The process of becoming adapted to an environment
Allele
One of the alternative forms of a gene that govens a characte…
25 terms
Biology- Unit 2- Freshman
Characteristics of living things
THEMES IN BIOLOGY- Cellular Basis of L…
THEMES IN BIOLOGY- Information and Her…
THEMES IN BIOLOGY- Growth,Development…
made up of cells... reproduce... DNA... organised ... growth and developm…
Living things are made of cells.
- Living things are based on a universal genetic code written…
- All living things reproduce. Sexual reproduction has cells…
Characteristics of living things
made up of cells... reproduce... DNA... organised ... growth and developm…
THEMES IN BIOLOGY- Cellular Basis of L…
Living things are made of cells.
158 terms
freshman biology-modern biology
Biology
Cells
Energy
Natural Selection
the study of life
the smallest unit that can perform all life processes
the capacity to do work
the process by which individuals that are better adapted to t…
Biology
the study of life
Cells
the smallest unit that can perform all life processes
15 terms
Freshman Biology Chapter 9
SisterCromatids:
Homologous Chromosomes:
Why is Mitosis important:
Mitosis:
One of a pair of identical chromosomes created before a cell…
One of a matching pair of chromosomes, one inherited from eac…
It is important for developing our embryos, growth and along…
Process by which the nucleus and duplicated chromosomes of a…
SisterCromatids:
One of a pair of identical chromosomes created before a cell…
Homologous Chromosomes:
One of a matching pair of chromosomes, one inherited from eac…
14 terms
BIOLOGY FRESHMAN 6-7A
Genome
Genetic Engineering
Recombinant DNA
Transgenic-
Complete code of an organism
Manipulation of chromosomes or genes. (Like taking one gene a…
Places 2 peices of DNA together
Contains genes from more than one species (insulin)
Genome
Complete code of an organism
Genetic Engineering
Manipulation of chromosomes or genes. (Like taking one gene a…
15 terms
Freshman Biology Chapter 5
Organic Molecules:
Inorganic Molecules:
Monomers:
Polymers:
Carbon based Molecule
Non carbon Based Molecule
a molecule that can be bonded to other identical molecules to…
a substance that has a molecular structure consisting chiefly…
Organic Molecules:
Carbon based Molecule
Inorganic Molecules:
Non carbon Based Molecule
18 terms
Freshman Biology Chapter 4
Matter-
Element-
Atom-
Protons-
the substance or substances of which any physical object cons…
one of a class of substances that cannot be separated into si…
the smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
a positively charged elementary particle that is a fundamenta…
Matter-
the substance or substances of which any physical object cons…
Element-
one of a class of substances that cannot be separated into si…
14 terms
Freshman Biology Chapter 10
How to interpret a punnett square:
Genotype:
Phenotype:
Homozygous:
1. Determine the genotypes (letters) of the parents. Bb x Bb2…
Genetic makeup of an organism's combination of alleles
Observable traits of an organism
Having identical alleles for a gene
How to interpret a punnett square:
1. Determine the genotypes (letters) of the parents. Bb x Bb2…
Genotype:
Genetic makeup of an organism's combination of alleles
33 terms
Freshman Biology Chapter 6
Nucleus:
Golgi Apparatus:
Cell Membrane:
Nuclear envelope:
The part that houses the cell's genetic material in form of DNA
Cellular organelle that modifies, stores, and routes cell pro…
Thin outer layer boundary of a cell that regulates that traff…
Double membrane that surrounds a cell nucleus
Nucleus:
The part that houses the cell's genetic material in form of DNA
Golgi Apparatus:
Cellular organelle that modifies, stores, and routes cell pro…
113 terms
Biology Freshman Final
main goal in photosynthesis is to make…
most plants do C3 or C4?
name two high energy chemicals made…
______ is the gas that is the source o…
glucose (sugar)
C3
ATP ... NADPH
Carbon Dioxide (CO2)
main goal in photosynthesis is to make…
glucose (sugar)
most plants do C3 or C4?
C3
1,889 terms
FRESHMAN BIOlogy 2nd semester
genome
Epigenetics of... Anxiety levels in rats.
evolution: descent with modification
Transgenic animals GMOs... GFP... RT-PCR... Rev…
complete set of genetic instructions for an organism
Anxiety levels as an adult can be impacted by the prenatal en…
descendant species inherit traits from ancestral species in s…
...
genome
complete set of genetic instructions for an organism
Epigenetics of... Anxiety levels in rats.
Anxiety levels as an adult can be impacted by the prenatal en…
69 terms
Freshman Biology Exam
solid dissolves into a liquid
basic unit of life, all living things…
All living things respond to their env…
True
Reactant
Principles of cells
Birds fly south in the winter because?
T or F Green is NOT absorbed well by Chlorophyll
solid dissolves into a liquid
Reactant
basic unit of life, all living things…
Principles of cells
9 terms
Freshman Biology Chapter 11
The four parts of a DNA Nucleotide:
How DNA replicates itself:
What is the flow of information from D…
What is a Gene:
(cytosine (C), thymine (T), adenine (A), guanine (G)
The double helix is opened up and the DNA is copied is called…
...
Unit of inherited information in DNA
The four parts of a DNA Nucleotide:
(cytosine (C), thymine (T), adenine (A), guanine (G)
How DNA replicates itself:
The double helix is opened up and the DNA is copied is called…
16 terms
Freshman Biology Chapter 14
Who is credited with the theory of evo…
Natural Selection:
How Natural selection works:
Fossil Record:
Charles Darwin
Process by which individual with inherited characteristics we…
by which populations adapt and evolve. In its essence, it is…
Chronological collection of life's remains in sedimentary roc…
Who is credited with the theory of evo…
Charles Darwin
Natural Selection:
Process by which individual with inherited characteristics we…
45 terms
Biology Freshman Final
incomplete dominance vs. co-dominance
co-dominance - ?... complete dominance -…
blood type donations:... A - ?... B - ?... AB…
genotype - ?
incomplete - mixed ... co-dominance - both shown
both traits shown... one shown... mixed with two genes
AA, AO... BB, BO... AB... OO
genes you have (GENETIC)
incomplete dominance vs. co-dominance
incomplete - mixed ... co-dominance - both shown
co-dominance - ?... complete dominance -…
both traits shown... one shown... mixed with two genes
517 terms
Freshman Biology Final
Biology
what are the 8 properties of life?
Cellular Organization
Reproduction
the study of life
1.cellular organization... 2.reproduction... 3.metabolism... 4.respons…
all living things are made up of cells
the process by which organisms make more of their own kind
Biology
the study of life
what are the 8 properties of life?
1.cellular organization... 2.reproduction... 3.metabolism... 4.respons…
84 terms
Biology Final Freshman
Selective Permeability
Non Poloar Molocules
Polar Molecules
Endoplasmic Reticulum
The ability for the cell to regulate what enters and leaves.
Have a equal distribution of electrons and don't dissolve wel…
Have 1 positive and 1 negative partially charged ends opposit…
Provide a surface for chemical reactions/ synthesis of protein
Selective Permeability
The ability for the cell to regulate what enters and leaves.
Non Poloar Molocules
Have a equal distribution of electrons and don't dissolve wel…
50 terms
Freshman: Biology Prefixes
A
Aero
Anti
Arti
Without, not
Air, oxgen
Against
Joint
A
Without, not
Aero
Air, oxgen
250 terms
Freshman Biology Final 2015
atom
electron
isotopes
compound
study of chemistry begins with this basic unit of matter
pure substance that consists of one type of atom
atoms of the same element that differs in the number of neutr…
substance formed by the chemical combination of 2 or more ele…
atom
study of chemistry begins with this basic unit of matter
electron
pure substance that consists of one type of atom
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