Study sets matching "freshman biology"

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Study sets matching "freshman biology"

Freshman Biology
Cell wall
Chloroplast
Thylakoids
Stroma
Made of cellulose... Support and structure... Extra barrier... Only fo…
Runs photosynthesis... Contains thylakoids and stroma
Flat disks in chloroplasts used to absorb sunlight
Liquid in chloroplast where the calvin cycle takes place
Cell wall
Made of cellulose... Support and structure... Extra barrier... Only fo…
Chloroplast
Runs photosynthesis... Contains thylakoids and stroma
Freshman Biology
The equation for cell respiration
2 Ingredients for cell respiration and…
How are photosynthesis and cell respir…
What organelle does cell respiration t…
C6H2O6 + O2 + H2O + ATP
Glucose comes from blood & Oxygen comes from the lungs
Produces food, store energy and releases oxygen
Mitochondria
The equation for cell respiration
C6H2O6 + O2 + H2O + ATP
2 Ingredients for cell respiration and…
Glucose comes from blood & Oxygen comes from the lungs
25 terms
freshman biology
endothermic
cohesion
solute
solvent
when water absorbs large amounts of energy which keeps cells…
attraction between molecules of the same substance
substance that is dissolved in a solvent to make a solution
substance in which a solute is dissolved to form a solution
endothermic
when water absorbs large amounts of energy which keeps cells…
cohesion
attraction between molecules of the same substance
Freshman Biology
Germ Cell
Lysosomes
Nucleolus
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Sex Cell
A sac filled with digestive enzymes that digest nutritients p…
Manufactures Ribosomes
A series of interconnected tubules that forms the transports…
Germ Cell
Sex Cell
Lysosomes
A sac filled with digestive enzymes that digest nutritients p…
199 terms
Freshman Biology
Atom
Molecule
Compound
Proton
the smallest unit of an element that maintains the chemical p…
a group of atoms that are held together by chemical forces; i…
a substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
a subatomic particle that has a positive charge and that is l…
Atom
the smallest unit of an element that maintains the chemical p…
Molecule
a group of atoms that are held together by chemical forces; i…
29 terms
Biology - Freshman
Tolerance
Habitat
Niche
Intraspecific
The ability to survive and reproduce under a range of environ…
The general place where an organism lives.
What an organism does and how it interacts with other organis…
Between members of the same species.
Tolerance
The ability to survive and reproduce under a range of environ…
Habitat
The general place where an organism lives.
217 terms
Freshman Biology
Goal of Science
scientific methodology
observation
hypothesis
One goal of science is to provide natural explanations of the…
Involves observing and asking questions, making inferences an…
the act of noticing or paying attention
possible explanation for a set of observations or possible an…
Goal of Science
One goal of science is to provide natural explanations of the…
scientific methodology
Involves observing and asking questions, making inferences an…
Freshman Biology
Characteristics of life
Scientific experiment
Purpose
Dependent variable
Made up of cells that contain DNA
Needs one independent variable and one dependent variable
Reason for the experiment
The part of the experiment that is being measured
Characteristics of life
Made up of cells that contain DNA
Scientific experiment
Needs one independent variable and one dependent variable
10 terms
Freshman Biology
Biology
Metabolism
Homeostasis
Acid
The study of life
All chemical reactions that take place in an organism
The maintenance of a constant internal Envoirnment
pH below 7
Biology
The study of life
Metabolism
All chemical reactions that take place in an organism
23 terms
Freshman Biology
Science
Natural philosophy
Observation
Inference
...
...
...
...
Science
...
Natural philosophy
...
Biology Freshman
Membrane
Carpals
metacarpals
extraterrestrial
English
english
english
english
Membrane
English
Carpals
english
8 terms
Freshman Biology
Hydrogen Bonds
Macro molecules
Carbohydrates
Sugars
a weak bond between two molecules
a molecule containing a very large number of atoms
any of a large group of organic compounds occurring in foods…
sweet crystalline substance obtained from various plants
Hydrogen Bonds
a weak bond between two molecules
Macro molecules
a molecule containing a very large number of atoms
Freshman Biology
Biotic (Ecology)
Abiotic (Ecology)
Photosynthesis Equation
Transpiration (Water Cycle)
of, relating to, or caused by living organisms... ex. Animals, P…
opposite of biotic, an unliving object, element, or gas.... ex.…
E+C02+H20> C6H1206 + Oxygen... Energy+Carbon Dioxide+Water= Gluc…
Plants undergo transpiration. Liquid to Gas... ex. Leaf to Air
Biotic (Ecology)
of, relating to, or caused by living organisms... ex. Animals, P…
Abiotic (Ecology)
opposite of biotic, an unliving object, element, or gas.... ex.…
71 terms
Biology Finals - Freshman
Biotic Factor
Abiotic Factor
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Living components of environment
Nonliving factors (physical and chemical)
Organism that is able to produce its own food (producer)
Cannot make its own food (consumer)
Biotic Factor
Living components of environment
Abiotic Factor
Nonliving factors (physical and chemical)
45 terms
Biology Freshman
Cohesion
Adhesion
Solvent
Solute
Water connects to water
Water connects to other substances
...
...
Cohesion
Water connects to water
Adhesion
Water connects to other substances
Biology Freshman
Double Helix
Incomplete Dominance
Multiple Alleles
Genotype
Twisted-ladder shape of DNA, formed by two nucleotide strands…
Complex inheritance pattern in which the heterozygous phenoty…
Having more than two alleles for a specific trait.
An organism's allele pairs.
Double Helix
Twisted-ladder shape of DNA, formed by two nucleotide strands…
Incomplete Dominance
Complex inheritance pattern in which the heterozygous phenoty…
Freshman Biology
The equation for cell respiration
2 Ingredients for cell respiration and…
How are photosynthesis and cell respir…
What organelle does cell respiration t…
C6H2O6 + O2 + H2O + ATP
Glucose comes from blood & Oxygen comes from the lungs
Produces food, store energy and releases oxygen
Mitochondria
The equation for cell respiration
C6H2O6 + O2 + H2O + ATP
2 Ingredients for cell respiration and…
Glucose comes from blood & Oxygen comes from the lungs
76 terms
Freshman Biology: Chapter 3
Cell Theory
Cytoplasm
Organelle
Prokaryotic Cells
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
Membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
Cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
Cell Theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
Cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
Biology CBA Freshman midterm
Homeostasis
Metabolism
species
evolution
any process that living things use to actively maintain fairl…
the chemical processes that occur within a living organism in…
group of organisms where two individuals are capable of repro…
change over time
Homeostasis
any process that living things use to actively maintain fairl…
Metabolism
the chemical processes that occur within a living organism in…
81 terms
Biology Midterm Freshman
Science
Biology
Scientific Method
Hypothesis
The study of the physical and Natural world through observati…
The study of living organisms.
1. Ask Question/ Identify Problem... 2. Construct a Hypothesis... 3…
A testable prediction of what will happen in an experiment, u…
Science
The study of the physical and Natural world through observati…
Biology
The study of living organisms.
freshman biology exam 1
observation
qualitative
quantitative
inductive reasoning
gathering of info either through direct use of the senses or…
recorded descriptions
numerical measurements
derive generalizations from a large number of observations
observation
gathering of info either through direct use of the senses or…
qualitative
recorded descriptions
Biology Mid Term (Freshman)
observation
problem
hypothesis
experiment includes...
lead to a question
independent variable and dependent variable must be stated (i…
prediction of what will happen
experiment, control, and variable group
observation
lead to a question
problem
independent variable and dependent variable must be stated (i…
181 terms
Freshman Biology Final
Transcribed DNA strand
Untranscribed DNA strand
RNA polymerase
Promoter region
template strand
coding strand
an enzyme that transcribes all RNA
Binding site for gene, TATA box
Transcribed DNA strand
template strand
Untranscribed DNA strand
coding strand
Freshman Biology Midterm 2017
What do you need to make an experiment…
Scientific Method
Variable
Hypothesis
has to be able to be repeated
make observations, ask questions, state a hypothesis, predict…
any factor, trait, or condition that can exist in differing a…
a proposed scientific explanation for a set of observations... a…
What do you need to make an experiment…
has to be able to be repeated
Scientific Method
make observations, ask questions, state a hypothesis, predict…
16 terms
Freshman Biology Ecology Test
Nitrogen Fixation
Ultimate Source Of Energy
Nutrients
Biogeochemical Cycle
when atmospheric nitrogen is changed into an organic compound
the sun
important to organisms so that they are able to grow and deve…
the way a substance moves through the biotic (biosphere) and…
Nitrogen Fixation
when atmospheric nitrogen is changed into an organic compound
Ultimate Source Of Energy
the sun
Freshman Biology- Human Genetics
chromosomes
downs syndrome
slowed mental development
recessive gene
downs syndrome
chromosomes disease
symtom of downs syndrome
sickle cell
chromosomes
downs syndrome
downs syndrome
chromosomes disease
DNA FCHS Freshman Biology
nucleotide
Phosphate group binds to
Chargaff's Rule
In strand of DNA, if thymine is 30% wh…
has 3 parts= a phosphate group, a five carbon sugar (deoxyrib…
sugar of the next group in a single strand of DNA
C & G, T & A, rule of base pairing; cytosine & guanine, adeni…
Each strand equals 50, so cytosine would be 20%
nucleotide
has 3 parts= a phosphate group, a five carbon sugar (deoxyrib…
Phosphate group binds to
sugar of the next group in a single strand of DNA
1,889 terms
FRESHMAN BIOlogy 2nd semester
genome
Epigenetics of... Anxiety levels in rats.
evolution: descent with modification
Transgenic animals GMOs... GFP... RT-PCR... Rev…
complete set of genetic instructions for an organism
Anxiety levels as an adult can be impacted by the prenatal en…
descendant species inherit traits from ancestral species in s…
...
genome
complete set of genetic instructions for an organism
Epigenetics of... Anxiety levels in rats.
Anxiety levels as an adult can be impacted by the prenatal en…
274 terms
Biology: Final: Freshman Year
gene
genotype
phenotype
rna
section of DNA... contains instructions to make a specific protein
sequence of nucleotide bases... genetic makeup (written recipe)
physical product (cookie)... determined by protein's geneotype
made of nucleotides... phosphate group and nitrogen bases... ribonu…
gene
section of DNA... contains instructions to make a specific protein
genotype
sequence of nucleotide bases... genetic makeup (written recipe)
26 terms
Freshman Biology - Biochemistry
Atom
Molecule
Proton
Electron
The basic unit of a chemical element.
A group of atoms bonded together, representing the smallest f…
Positive charge.
Negative charge.
Atom
The basic unit of a chemical element.
Molecule
A group of atoms bonded together, representing the smallest f…
8 terms
Freshman Biology Photosynthesis
photosynthesis
Chloroplasts
Equation for Photosynthesis
Granum
Photosynthesis is how plants eat. They use this process to ma…
Inside the cells are tiny little things called chloroplasts.…
Carbon Dioxide + Water + Light ----> Sugar + Oxygen
A stack of thylakoids in a chloroplast
photosynthesis
Photosynthesis is how plants eat. They use this process to ma…
Chloroplasts
Inside the cells are tiny little things called chloroplasts.…
159 terms
Biology CBA Freshman midterm
Homeostasis
Metabolism
species
evolution
any process that living things use to actively maintain fairl…
the chemical processes that occur within a living organism in…
group of organisms where two individuals are capable of repro…
change over time
Homeostasis
any process that living things use to actively maintain fairl…
Metabolism
the chemical processes that occur within a living organism in…
Chapter 14 Freshman Biology
What percent of human sperm have an x…
how many chromosomes on a karyotype
which of the following statements is t…
what forms a barr body
50%
46
colorblindness is carried on mothers side
one female x chromosome
What percent of human sperm have an x…
50%
how many chromosomes on a karyotype
46
189 terms
BIOLOGY FRESHMAN FINAL!!!!!!
what role does cell division play in y…
does cell division stop when you are f…
what is the role of chromosomes in cel…
the genetic information that is passed…
it replaces old, worn out cells
no
have to replicate
chromosomes
what role does cell division play in y…
it replaces old, worn out cells
does cell division stop when you are f…
no
23 terms
Freshman Biology March Benchmark
Myelin
Genetic Variation
How are signals passed along?
phenotype
Insulating sheath around nerve that allows faster impulses.
All of the individuals in the population are slightly differe…
dendrites ---> cell body ---> nodes of rainier ---> synapes -…
observable traits (ex. height, eye color, etc.)
Myelin
Insulating sheath around nerve that allows faster impulses.
Genetic Variation
All of the individuals in the population are slightly differe…
76 terms
Freshman Biology: Chapter 3
Cell Theory
Cytoplasm
Organelle
Prokaryotic Cells
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
Membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
Cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
Cell Theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
Cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
85 terms
SLUH Freshman Biology - Nervous System
Atom
compound
Molecule
Macromolecule
The smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
A substance formed by chemical union of two or more elements…
The simplest structural unit of an element or compound
A very large organic molecule composed of many smaller molecu…
Atom
The smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
compound
A substance formed by chemical union of two or more elements…
89 terms
CP Biology Freshman Midterm
Characteristics of Life
Scientific Method
Control Group VS Experimental Group
Basic Care of Microscope
made of cells / reproduces / displays organization / grows an…
1. Problem... 2. Research... 3. Experiment ... - control group... - exp…
control group: "normal" ... experimental group: changing (aspect)
pick up with arm / clean lens with lens paper / on LOW power…
Characteristics of Life
made of cells / reproduces / displays organization / grows an…
Scientific Method
1. Problem... 2. Research... 3. Experiment ... - control group... - exp…
36 terms
Magnificat Freshman Biology Miosis
meiosis
gametes
haploid
fertilization
production of gametes
egg and sperm cells
one set of chromosomes (one from mom and one from dad)
restores chromosome number (haploid -> diploid)
meiosis
production of gametes
gametes
egg and sperm cells
Freshman Biology Final Review
Adaptation
Allele
Anaphase
Autosome
The process of becoming adapted to an environment
One of the alternative forms of a gene that govens a characte…
A phase in mitosis and meiosis in which chromosomes seperate
Any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
Adaptation
The process of becoming adapted to an environment
Allele
One of the alternative forms of a gene that govens a characte…
36 terms
Honors Biology Midterm Freshman
Define ecosystem
Define population
Define community
Define biosphere
a biological community of interacting organisms and their phy…
Group of organisms all of the same species, which interbreed…
Collection of several interacting population that inhabit a c…
Portion of the earth that supports life; extends from high at…
Define ecosystem
a biological community of interacting organisms and their phy…
Define population
Group of organisms all of the same species, which interbreed…
25 terms
Biology- Unit 2- Freshman
Characteristics of living things
THEMES IN BIOLOGY- Cellular Basis of L…
THEMES IN BIOLOGY- Information and Her…
THEMES IN BIOLOGY- Growth,Development…
made up of cells... reproduce... DNA... organised ... growth and developm…
Living things are made of cells.
- Living things are based on a universal genetic code written…
- All living things reproduce. Sexual reproduction has cells…
Characteristics of living things
made up of cells... reproduce... DNA... organised ... growth and developm…
THEMES IN BIOLOGY- Cellular Basis of L…
Living things are made of cells.
Freshman Biology Chapter 15
Cladogram:
How to read a Cladogram:
Geographic Isolation:
Reproductive Isolation:
Phylogenetic tree constructed from a series of two way branch…
Kingdom -> Phylum -> Class -> Order -> Family -> Genus-> Spec…
Separation of populations as a result of geographical change…
Condition in which reproductive barrier keeps two species fro…
Cladogram:
Phylogenetic tree constructed from a series of two way branch…
How to read a Cladogram:
Kingdom -> Phylum -> Class -> Order -> Family -> Genus-> Spec…
15 terms
Freshman Biology Chapter 9
SisterCromatids:
Homologous Chromosomes:
Why is Mitosis important:
Mitosis:
One of a pair of identical chromosomes created before a cell…
One of a matching pair of chromosomes, one inherited from eac…
It is important for developing our embryos, growth and along…
Process by which the nucleus and duplicated chromosomes of a…
SisterCromatids:
One of a pair of identical chromosomes created before a cell…
Homologous Chromosomes:
One of a matching pair of chromosomes, one inherited from eac…
130 terms
FRESHMAN BIOLOGY REVIEW 1
Ecology
Population
Community
Ecosystem
Study of interactions between organisms and their environment
All the members of a single species in the same place at the…
All of the species in the same place at the same time
Interactions between the organisms (biotic factors) and the p…
Ecology
Study of interactions between organisms and their environment
Population
All the members of a single species in the same place at the…
BIOLOGY FRESHMAN 6-7A
Genome
Genetic Engineering
Recombinant DNA
Transgenic-
Complete code of an organism
Manipulation of chromosomes or genes. (Like taking one gene a…
Places 2 peices of DNA together
Contains genes from more than one species (insulin)
Genome
Complete code of an organism
Genetic Engineering
Manipulation of chromosomes or genes. (Like taking one gene a…
15 terms
Freshman Biology Chapter 5
Organic Molecules:
Inorganic Molecules:
Monomers:
Polymers:
Carbon based Molecule
Non carbon Based Molecule
a molecule that can be bonded to other identical molecules to…
a substance that has a molecular structure consisting chiefly…
Organic Molecules:
Carbon based Molecule
Inorganic Molecules:
Non carbon Based Molecule
18 terms
Freshman Biology Chapter 4
Matter-
Element-
Atom-
Protons-
the substance or substances of which any physical object cons…
one of a class of substances that cannot be separated into si…
the smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
a positively charged elementary particle that is a fundamenta…
Matter-
the substance or substances of which any physical object cons…
Element-
one of a class of substances that cannot be separated into si…
58 terms
Freshman- Biology Chapter 7
How did the invention of the light mic…
What are the basic types of microscopes?
Compare and contrast light microscopes…
What type of electron microscopes woul…
Allowed scientist to view cells with the naked eye
1. Compound light microscopes... 2. Electron microscope
Light microscopes: Uses stains to visualize cells, uses len…
1. Scanning electron microscopes... 2. Scanning tunneling electr…
How did the invention of the light mic…
Allowed scientist to view cells with the naked eye
What are the basic types of microscopes?
1. Compound light microscopes... 2. Electron microscope
115 terms
Biology Freshman FIT
Low power mode
High power mode
Calculate the total magnification
Eyepiece
4x and use the course adjustment to find this
40x and use fine adjustment
times the total magnification by 10 to get this
Low power mode
4x and use the course adjustment to find this
High power mode
40x and use fine adjustment
1 of 10