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Study sets matching "function blood supply"

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Study sets matching "function blood supply"

15 terms
functional unit and blood supply
renal artery and vein
segmental arteries and veins
interlobar arteries and veins
arcuate arteries and veins
C and D
split from renal
split from segmental
split from interlobar
renal artery and vein
C and D
segmental arteries and veins
split from renal
13 terms
Function of Pelvic Blood Supply
Iliolumbar
Lateral Sacral
Umbilical
Ductus Deferens
posterior abdominal wall... iliopsoas... cauda equina
erector spinae, piriformis, sacral canal
medial umbilical ligament
testis... epididymis... ureter
Iliolumbar
posterior abdominal wall... iliopsoas... cauda equina
Lateral Sacral
erector spinae, piriformis, sacral canal
13 terms
Function of Pelvic Blood Supply
Iliolumbar
Lateral Sacral
Umbilical
Ductus Deferens
posterior abdominal wall... iliopsoas... cauda equina
erector spinae, piriformis, sacral canal
medial umbilical ligament
testis... epididymis... ureter
Iliolumbar
posterior abdominal wall... iliopsoas... cauda equina
Lateral Sacral
erector spinae, piriformis, sacral canal
10 terms
Blood Supply in Kidneys and Functions
afferent arteriole
glomerulus
efferent arteriole
peritubular capillaries
leads into glomerulus
capillary network
leads out of glomerulus
surround convuluted tubules
afferent arteriole
leads into glomerulus
glomerulus
capillary network
52 terms
Muscles, innervation, blood supply, function
Coccygeus
Iliococcygeus (part of levator ani)
Obturator Internus
Piriformis
S4, S5... Support pelvic viscera, flex coccyx... Inferior gluteal a…
Nerve to Levator Ani (S4), inferior rectal nerve, coccygeal p…
Nerve to Obturator Internus (L5, S1, S2)... Rotate thigh lateral…
Ventral rami of S1 and S2... Rotate thigh laterally, abduct thig…
Coccygeus
S4, S5... Support pelvic viscera, flex coccyx... Inferior gluteal a…
Iliococcygeus (part of levator ani)
Nerve to Levator Ani (S4), inferior rectal nerve, coccygeal p…
20 terms
Exam 1 Function and Blood Supply
Posterior:
Triceps(long head)
Supraspinatus
Infraspinatus
F=Function, B= Blood Supply
F: both shoulder (GHJ-Glenohumural joint) and elbow... B: Deep…
F: GHJ... B: Suprascapular artery
F: GHJ... B: Suprascapular artery and circumflex scapular artery
Posterior:
F=Function, B= Blood Supply
Triceps(long head)
F: both shoulder (GHJ-Glenohumural joint) and elbow... B: Deep…
101 terms
Anatomy- muscles of the body (function, innervation, blood supply)
Elevation of scapula
Depression of scapula
Serratus anterior
Retraction of scapula
Movement caused by upper part of trapezius and levator *sca…
Movement caused by lower part of trapezius, serratus anterior…
Muscle which creates protrusion of scapula (forward or latera…
Movement caused by trapezius and rhomboids
Elevation of scapula
Movement caused by upper part of trapezius and levator *sca…
Depression of scapula
Movement caused by lower part of trapezius, serratus anterior…
30 terms
Functional Neuroscience: Blood Supply of CNS
Blood Ischemia
Blood Flow Rate
Arteries
Veins
reduction in blood flow; oxygen deprivation
Dep. on BP (autoregulation) & metabolite concentration
- carry oxygenated blood to nervous tissue... - 4 layers: Tunica…
- carry deoxygenated blood from nervous tissue... - thin-walled…
Blood Ischemia
reduction in blood flow; oxygen deprivation
Blood Flow Rate
Dep. on BP (autoregulation) & metabolite concentration
blood supply to brain (artery and structure supplied/functions)
Anterior Cerebral Artery
Anterior Choroidal Artery
Anterior Communicating Artery
Anterior Inferior Cerebellar Artery
Anterior and medial cortex
Basal ganglia, thalamus, internal capsule
Connects anterior cerebral arteries
Anterioinferior surface of the cerebellum, middle cerebellar…
Anterior Cerebral Artery
Anterior and medial cortex
Anterior Choroidal Artery
Basal ganglia, thalamus, internal capsule
21 terms
Head/Neck muscles, innervations, blood supply, function
orbicularis oculi function, innervation
what are the three parts of the orbicu…
levator labii superioris
levator labii superioris function, inn…
tightly closes the eye (orbital part), blinking (palpebral pa…
orbital, palpebral, lacrimal
elevates upper lip... facial nerve
orbicularis oculi function, innervation
tightly closes the eye (orbital part), blinking (palpebral pa…
what are the three parts of the orbicu…
orbital, palpebral, lacrimal
162 terms
neuro function, blood supply, and venous draining
frontal lobe
precentral gyrus
superior frontal gyrus
middle frontal gyrus
function: reasoning, planning, parts of speech, movement, emo…
function: primary motor cortex upper body... blood supply: MCA…
function: working memory... blood supply: ACA... drains: superior…
function: cognitive function and decision making... blood suppl…
frontal lobe
function: reasoning, planning, parts of speech, movement, emo…
precentral gyrus
function: primary motor cortex upper body... blood supply: MCA…
21 terms
Back muscles: function, innervation, blood supply
Trapezius
Latissimus Dorsi
Levator Scapulae
Rhomboideus Major
1st layer... Superior fibers elevate scapula, upward rotation o…
1st layer... Adducts, extends, and medially rotates humerus... Th…
2nd layer... Elevates scapula, downward rotation of glenoid cav…
2nd layer... Retracts scapula, downward rotation of glenoid cav…
Trapezius
1st layer... Superior fibers elevate scapula, upward rotation o…
Latissimus Dorsi
1st layer... Adducts, extends, and medially rotates humerus... Th…
23 terms
Muscles: Description, Function, Innervation, Blood Supply
trapezius
latissimus dorsi
rhomboid major & minor
levator scapulae
D: large trapezoidal-shaped, covers neck and upper trunk... F:…
D: large, fan-shaped... F: extension, adduction, and medial rot…
D: deep to trapezius; minor is narrow (superior) & thick; maj…
D: strap like muscle, deep to trapezius, C1-C4... F: elevates a…
trapezius
D: large trapezoidal-shaped, covers neck and upper trunk... F:…
latissimus dorsi
D: large, fan-shaped... F: extension, adduction, and medial rot…
12 terms
Innervation/Function/Blood Supply Abdominal Muscles
external oblique innervation
external oblique blood supply
external oblique function
internal oblique innervation
ventral rami of T6-T12
superior epigastric artery... inferior epigastric artery
compress/support abdominal viscera... flex trunk... rotate trunk
ventral rami of T6-T12, L1
external oblique innervation
ventral rami of T6-T12
external oblique blood supply
superior epigastric artery... inferior epigastric artery
102 terms
Blood Supply, Innervation, Origin, Insertion and Function of Muscles
Splenius Blood Supply
Splenius Nerve Innervation
Splenius Function
Illiocostalis Blood Supply
Deep cervical artery
Dorsal Primary Rami C2-C6
Extends/Laterally bends neck and head, rotates head to same s…
Deep cervical artery
Splenius Blood Supply
Deep cervical artery
Splenius Nerve Innervation
Dorsal Primary Rami C2-C6
21 terms
Back muscles: function, innervation, blood supply
Trapezius
Latissimus Dorsi
Levator Scapulae
Rhomboideus Major
1st layer... Superior fibers elevate scapula, upward rotation o…
1st layer... Adducts, extends, and medially rotates humerus... Th…
2nd layer... Elevates scapula, downward rotation of glenoid cav…
2nd layer... Retracts scapula, downward rotation of glenoid cav…
Trapezius
1st layer... Superior fibers elevate scapula, upward rotation o…
Latissimus Dorsi
1st layer... Adducts, extends, and medially rotates humerus... Th…
12 terms
Innervation/Function/Blood Supply Abdominal Muscles
external oblique innervation
external oblique blood supply
external oblique function
internal oblique innervation
ventral rami of T6-T12
superior epigastric artery... inferior epigastric artery
compress/support abdominal viscera... flex trunk... rotate trunk
ventral rami of T6-T12, L1
external oblique innervation
ventral rami of T6-T12
external oblique blood supply
superior epigastric artery... inferior epigastric artery
47 terms
Muscles (function, innervation, blood supply, etc.)
Trapezius
Latissimus dorsi
Levator scapulae
Rhomboid major/minor
FUNCTION: Assists in rotating the scapula during abduction of…
FUNCTION: Extends, adducts, and medially rotates humerus. INN…
ORIGIN: Posterior tubercles of transverse processes of C1 - C…
ORIGIN/Minor: nuchal ligament and spinous processes of C7 and…
Trapezius
FUNCTION: Assists in rotating the scapula during abduction of…
Latissimus dorsi
FUNCTION: Extends, adducts, and medially rotates humerus. INN…
43 terms
Upper Limb Muscles (Innervations, blood supply, and function)
subscapularis
latissimus dorsi
trapezius
rhomboid major
Innervation - subscapular nerve ; Artery - Subscapular artery…
Innervation - thoracodorsal ; Artery - thoracodorsal; Functio…
Innervation - accesory nerve ; Artery - Ascending branch of t…
Innervation - dorsal scapular ; Artery - deep branch of the t…
subscapularis
Innervation - subscapular nerve ; Artery - Subscapular artery…
latissimus dorsi
Innervation - thoracodorsal ; Artery - thoracodorsal; Functio…
12 terms
Pectoral Muscles: Innervations, Functions, Blood Supply
Pectoralis major nerve
Pectoralis minor nerve
Subclavius nerve
Serratus anterior nerve
medial and lateral pectoral nerves
medial pectoral nerves
nerve to subclavius
long thoracic nerve (C5)
Pectoralis major nerve
medial and lateral pectoral nerves
Pectoralis minor nerve
medial pectoral nerves
26 terms
Cerebellum 3: Function, Blood Supply and Clinical Correlates
What are the 4 motor functions of the…
Describe motor learning in the cerebel…
Describe initiation of movement in the…
Describe sensory-motor integration in…
1. Error Detection & correction of cortically-originating mov…
2. Motor learning is via Increased firing of Purkinje cells d…
3.Initiation of movement is via the Deep cerebellar nuclei fi…
4. Sensory-motor integration, in which the cerebellum is invo…
What are the 4 motor functions of the…
1. Error Detection & correction of cortically-originating mov…
Describe motor learning in the cerebel…
2. Motor learning is via Increased firing of Purkinje cells d…
12 terms
Pectoral Muscles: Innervations, Functions, Blood Supply
Pectoralis major nerve
Pectoralis minor nerve
Subclavius nerve
Serratus anterior nerve
medial and lateral pectoral nerves
medial pectoral nerves
nerve to subclavius
long thoracic nerve (C5)
Pectoralis major nerve
medial and lateral pectoral nerves
Pectoralis minor nerve
medial pectoral nerves
30 terms
BIOL&242: Functions of Arteries - Supply blood to...
Aorta - Ascending, Arch, Descending
Brachiocephalic
Common Carotid
Subclavian
Heart
Head, neck, upper limb, thoracic wall
R/L side of head and neck
R/L upper limbs... Brain, spinal cord, neck, shoulder, thoracic…
Aorta - Ascending, Arch, Descending
Heart
Brachiocephalic
Head, neck, upper limb, thoracic wall
Med Neuro - Lesions - functional issue/blood supply
unilateral pyramid & medial lemniscus…
unilateral medial & inferior vestibula…
at C7, unilateral gracile fasciculus a…
at C7, bilateral gracile fasciculus an…
medial medullary syndrome - contralateral hemiplegia of uper/…
lateral medullary syndrome (Wallenberg); PICA
ipsilateral loss of discriminative touch, proprioception and…
tabes dorsalis - bilateral loss of discriminative touch, prop…
unilateral pyramid & medial lemniscus…
medial medullary syndrome - contralateral hemiplegia of uper/…
unilateral medial & inferior vestibula…
lateral medullary syndrome (Wallenberg); PICA
27 terms
Blood supply
right gastric a
celiac arterial trunk
common hepatic a
hepatic a
right gastric a
celiac arterial trunk
16 terms
Functional Groups of Muscles/Muscle Innervation and Blood Supply
prime movers
prime movers
synergist
synergist
agonist
major muscle responsible for most movement at joint
accessory muscle that enhances a movement
aid the prime mover
prime movers
agonist
prime movers
major muscle responsible for most movement at joint
32 terms
Blood Supply
percent of body weight thats brain
percent cardiac output used by brain
percent total O2 used by brain
whats the normal cerebral blood flow r…
2%
15%
20%
750ml/min
percent of body weight thats brain
2%
percent cardiac output used by brain
15%
178 terms
Blood Supply
What supplies the circulation to the h…
What are the two divisions of the comm…
What does the internal carotid artery…
What does the external carotid artery…
Common carotid artery
Internal carotid artery... External carotid artery
- Structures of the cranium... - Eye and related structures
- Superficial areas of the head and neck... - Small portion of t…
What supplies the circulation to the h…
Common carotid artery
What are the two divisions of the comm…
Internal carotid artery... External carotid artery
98 terms
1. Intro to CBN: Brain Structure/Function/ Blood Supply (Appelt)
Frontal Lobe Function
What is the primary motor cortex?
Parietal Lobe Function
What is the primary sensory cortex?
-Primary motor cortex: conscious control of precise, skille…
Frontal lobe
Primary sensory: interpreting touch sensations, pain, heat,…
Parietal lobe
Frontal Lobe Function
-Primary motor cortex: conscious control of precise, skille…
What is the primary motor cortex?
Frontal lobe
11 terms
BLOOD SUPPLY
lack of blood supply
aterial supply
telencephalon
diencephalon:
- After 10 sec w/out O2 - unconscious... - After 20 sec - no ele…
two branches (internal carotids)
anterior portion of the brain... - cortex, basal ganglia, olfact…
- located above brainstem, midline ... - thalamus: strong connec…
lack of blood supply
- After 10 sec w/out O2 - unconscious... - After 20 sec - no ele…
aterial supply
two branches (internal carotids)
14 terms
Blood Supply
5 arteries of the circle of Willis
supplies medial surface of brain
supplies lateral surface of brain
anterior watershed area
ACOM... ACA... ICA... PCOM... PCA
ACA
MCA
ACA, MCA
5 arteries of the circle of Willis
ACOM... ACA... ICA... PCOM... PCA
supplies medial surface of brain
ACA
51 terms
Blood Supply
pectoralis major
pectoralis minor
Serrattus anterior
Subclavius
lateral and medial pectoral nerve - flexes and adducts the ar…
medial nerve - Lowers lateral angle of scapula and protracts…
Protracts and rotates scapula and holds it against the thorac…
Nerve to Subclavius - Anchors and depresses clavicle
pectoralis major
lateral and medial pectoral nerve - flexes and adducts the ar…
pectoralis minor
medial nerve - Lowers lateral angle of scapula and protracts…
17 terms
Blood Supply
Vertebral Artery
Internal Carotid Artery
Middle Cerebral Artery
lenticulostriate arteries
Supplies posterior part of brain... Foramen Magnum... Fuse at Pons…
Supplies anterior part of brain... -Splits into Anterior and Mid…
branch of Internal Carotid *provides most blood to brain (LAT…
supply basal ganglia and internal capsule
Vertebral Artery
Supplies posterior part of brain... Foramen Magnum... Fuse at Pons…
Internal Carotid Artery
Supplies anterior part of brain... -Splits into Anterior and Mid…
12 terms
Blood Supply
Celiac Trunk
Left Gastric Artery
Common Hepatic Artery
Gastroduodenal Artery
What is the indicated vessel?
What is the indicated vessel?
What is the indicated vessel?
What is the indicated vessel?
Celiac Trunk
What is the indicated vessel?
Left Gastric Artery
What is the indicated vessel?
12 terms
Blood Supply
Celiac Trunk
Left Gastric Artery
Common Hepatic Artery
Gastroduodenal Artery
Celiac Trunk
Left Gastric Artery
14 terms
Blood supply
Transverse sinus
Sigmoid sinus
Superior sagittal sinus (SSS)
Circle of Willis
Sinuses that emerge at the confluence of the sinuses. They fo…
The transverse sinuses turn into these sinuses. They turn dow…
Sinus which runs superficially in the falx cerebri. It follow…
A circulatory anastomosis that supplies blood to the brain.
Transverse sinus
Sinuses that emerge at the confluence of the sinuses. They fo…
Sigmoid sinus
The transverse sinuses turn into these sinuses. They turn dow…
10 terms
blood supply
celiac trunk
left gastric artery
common hepatic artery
gastroduodenal artery
celiac trunk
left gastric artery
54 terms
Blood Supply
Circulatory System
Cardiovascular system
Lymphatic system
Two types of circulation
Made up of the cardiovascular & lymphatic system
distributes to and collects blood from the body tissues... -hear…
collects fluid and proteins that escape circulation... -lymph no…
pulmonary & systemic
Circulatory System
Made up of the cardiovascular & lymphatic system
Cardiovascular system
distributes to and collects blood from the body tissues... -hear…
12 terms
Blood Supply
Vertebral artery
basilar artery
anterior inferior cerebellar artery
labyrinthine artery
spinal cord
pons, medulla oblongata
cerebellum
inner ear structures
Vertebral artery
spinal cord
basilar artery
pons, medulla oblongata
23 terms
Blood supply
Dorsal scapular artery
thoracodorsal artery
Scapular circumflex artery
Subscapular artery
trapezius, rhomboids, levator, supraspinatus, and infraspinatus
latissimus dorsi and teres major
Infraspinatus, teres minor
subscapularis
Dorsal scapular artery
trapezius, rhomboids, levator, supraspinatus, and infraspinatus
thoracodorsal artery
latissimus dorsi and teres major
35 terms
Blood supply
location of external jugular vein
branches of the subclavian artery
branches of thyrocervical trunk
location external carotid artery
Next to supraclavicular nerves... medial to upper traps... crosses…
1. vertebral a.... 2. Internal thoracic a.... 3. Thyrocervical trun…
1. inferior thyroid a.... 2. suprascapular a. ... 3. transverse cer…
location of external jugular vein
Next to supraclavicular nerves... medial to upper traps... crosses…
branches of the subclavian artery
1. vertebral a.... 2. Internal thoracic a.... 3. Thyrocervical trun…
31 terms
Blood Supply
Vertebral artery gives rise to posteri…
Internal carotid gives rise to anterio…
AVC
Central cord syndrome
supplies SC, brainstem, diencephalon and posterior encephalon
supplies most of telencephalon and basal nuclei
supplies one side of posterior column
anterior spinal artery compression... sacral sparing
Vertebral artery gives rise to posteri…
supplies SC, brainstem, diencephalon and posterior encephalon
Internal carotid gives rise to anterio…
supplies most of telencephalon and basal nuclei
8 terms
Blood Supply
Axillary Artery... Starts after first ri…
Brachial Artery
Subclavian Artery... Starts from the bra…
Forearm Blood Supply
Screw the Lawyer Save A Patient... Superior Thoracic (not visib…
Starts after teres major border and ends at cubital fossa and…
Vertebral Artery... Internal Thoracic... Thyrocervical Trunk... - Inf…
Ulnar artery gives rise to Common Interosseous Artery ... Commo…
Axillary Artery... Starts after first ri…
Screw the Lawyer Save A Patient... Superior Thoracic (not visib…
Brachial Artery
Starts after teres major border and ends at cubital fossa and…
12 terms
blood supply
blood supply
blood flowing through the kidneys will…
renal artery
segmental artery in kidney
is very rich as the kidneys must cleanse the blood every minu…
2 capillary beds before going into vena system
takes the blood to the kidneys, becomes several segmented art…
branch off from renal artery and go into lobar artery
blood supply
is very rich as the kidneys must cleanse the blood every minu…
blood flowing through the kidneys will…
2 capillary beds before going into vena system
22 terms
Blood supply
Anastomosis
Collateral circulation
Endartery
What is a possible complication involv…
2 or more communicating blood vessels that form a network
Ability to re-route blood around blocked vessels by anastomos…
Artery that lacks anastomotic connections if related vessels…
Subclavian artery is deep of clavicle. The plates and screws…
Anastomosis
2 or more communicating blood vessels that form a network
Collateral circulation
Ability to re-route blood around blocked vessels by anastomos…
28 terms
Blood Supply
What are the main sets of arteries tha…
What does the internal carotid artery…
What is the basilar artery?
The vertebral-basilar system supplies…
Internal carotid and vertebral arteries.
The anterior and middle cerebral artery.
The two vertebral arteries join together to form the basilar…
Brainstem, cerebellum and spinal cord. Smaller penetrating ve…
What are the main sets of arteries tha…
Internal carotid and vertebral arteries.
What does the internal carotid artery…
The anterior and middle cerebral artery.
24 terms
Blood Supply
1)Internal Carotid ... 2) Internal Caroti…
1) Vertebral Artery... 2) Basilar A... 3) In…
Red: PICA (from vertebral)... Yellow: Sup…
Lateral Medullar Syndrome, PICA
Syndrome? Blood Supply Damaged?
1)Internal Carotid ... 2) Internal Caroti…
1) Vertebral Artery... 2) Basilar A... 3) In…
38 terms
Blood Supply
_____________ and _____________ consti…
transient ischemic attacks
______________ constitutes the anterio…
______________ constitutes the posteri…
-Cerebrovascular disease (CVD)... -Cerebrovascular accidents (CV…
sudden drop of systemic blood pressure
Internal carotid artery
Vertebral-Basilar arteries
_____________ and _____________ consti…
-Cerebrovascular disease (CVD)... -Cerebrovascular accidents (CV…
transient ischemic attacks
sudden drop of systemic blood pressure
83 terms
CNS Blood Supply
percent of body weight that is brain
percent of Cardiac Output used by the…
percent 02 used by brain
cerebral blood flow rate
2%
15%
20%
750mL/min
percent of body weight that is brain
2%
percent of Cardiac Output used by the…
15%
158 terms
Anatomy Back: Origin, Insertion, Innervation, Blood Supply, Function
Trapezius Origin
Latissimus dorsi Origin
Levator scapulae Origin
Rhomboid major Origin
Superior nuchal line, external occipital protuberance, ligame…
Spinous processes of T7 to L5 and sacrum, iliac crest, ribs 1…
Transverse processes of C1 to C4
Spinous processes of T2 to T5
Trapezius Origin
Superior nuchal line, external occipital protuberance, ligame…
Latissimus dorsi Origin
Spinous processes of T7 to L5 and sacrum, iliac crest, ribs 1…
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