Study sets matching "function of cell structures"

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Study sets matching "function of cell structures"

41 terms
Function of Cell Organelles/Structures
Cell Wall
Cytoskeleton
Vacuole
ER
Supports and protects the plant cell
Contribute to the internal structure, intracellular movement,…
Stores enzymes and waste products; functions to store water i…
Prepares proteins for export; synthesizes steroids, regulates…
Cell Wall
Supports and protects the plant cell
Cytoskeleton
Contribute to the internal structure, intracellular movement,…
30 terms
Cell Structures and Function 2
Vacuoles
Nucleus
Cytosol (Cytoplasm)
Golgi bodies (or apparatus)
Sacs that digest nutrients and release cell waste products. I…
Found in Eukaryotic cell. Nuclei have two membrances and comm…
ALL CELLS HAVE THIS! It's the fluid inside of every living ce…
Membrane-bound structure with a single membrane. It packages…
Vacuoles
Sacs that digest nutrients and release cell waste products. I…
Nucleus
Found in Eukaryotic cell. Nuclei have two membrances and comm…
20 terms
Function of Cell Structures
Plasma Membrane
Microvilli
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Controls movement of substances into and out of the cell
Folds of the plasma membrane that increase the surface area o…
Contains DNA molecules and nucleolus (O)
Assembly site for ribosomes
Plasma Membrane
Controls movement of substances into and out of the cell
Microvilli
Folds of the plasma membrane that increase the surface area o…
26 terms
Cell Structures (Structure - Function)
cell wall
centrioles
chloroplasts
cilia
a geometric, inflexible barrier that provides support and pro…
organelles that occur in pairs; cell division; spindle fiber…
(function:) storage; containing chlorophyll where photosynthe…
projections from cell services that aid in motion & feeding (…
cell wall
a geometric, inflexible barrier that provides support and pro…
centrioles
organelles that occur in pairs; cell division; spindle fiber…
26 terms
Cell Structure and Function: The Cell
What is cell theory
What 3 things does the cell theory state
What is an unicellular organism
In unicellular organisms, the cell is…
The most fundamental theory in biology because it defines life
-All living things are made up of cells... -Cells are the basic…
Organisms that are made up of one cell (the cell is the organ…
All
What is cell theory
The most fundamental theory in biology because it defines life
What 3 things does the cell theory state
-All living things are made up of cells... -Cells are the basic…
154 terms
Cell Structures and Function
Cells
Microscopes
Hans and Zecharias Janssen
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Basic unit of life
Make it possible for people to learn about cells
1590: Spectacle makers that created the first compound micros…
1650: Viewed rainwater, insects, fabric and feces
Cells
Basic unit of life
Microscopes
Make it possible for people to learn about cells
cell structures and function
cell
organelle
nucleus
cell membrane
the biological unit of all living organisms
one of the structures of the cell. its in the cytoplasm of a…
the big part in the middle
made up of phospholipid bylair
cell
the biological unit of all living organisms
organelle
one of the structures of the cell. its in the cytoplasm of a…
cell structure and function
nucleus
ribosome
mitochondria
chlorplast
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
Makes proteins
An organelle in eukaryotic cells that serves as the site of c…
A structure in the cells of plants and some organisms that ca…
nucleus
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
ribosome
Makes proteins
21 terms
Cell Structure and Function
cell
mitochondria
cell membrane
ribosome
Smallest unit of life
cellular respiration creates ATP (energy) for the cell
The outer lining of the cell that regulates what enters and l…
-site of protein synthesis (found floating in the cytoplasm O…
cell
Smallest unit of life
mitochondria
cellular respiration creates ATP (energy) for the cell
17 terms
Cell Structure and Function
cell membrane
organelle
cytoplasm
cell theory
A separating barrier that controls movement of materials into…
A structure inside of a cell that helps the cell perform its…
A fluid mixture that contains the organelles and the compound…
A theory that explains the relationship between cells and liv…
cell membrane
A separating barrier that controls movement of materials into…
organelle
A structure inside of a cell that helps the cell perform its…
14 terms
Cell Structures (Structure - Function)
cell wall
centrioles
chloroplasts
cilia
an inflexible barrier that provides support and protects the…
organelles that occur in pairs and are important for cell div…
a double-membrane organelle with thylakoids containing chloro…
projections from cell services that aid in locomotion and fee…
cell wall
an inflexible barrier that provides support and protects the…
centrioles
organelles that occur in pairs and are important for cell div…
14 terms
Cells Structures and Functions
Structure
Function
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
The name of, part of, or look of something
The purpose or job of something
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
A rigid outer layer that surrounds the cells of plants that g…
Structure
The name of, part of, or look of something
Function
The purpose or job of something
22 terms
Cell Structures and Functions
Cell membrane
Cell wall
Nucleus
Nuclear envelope
Flexible barrier that separates the cell from the outside env…
Rigid, inflexible barrier that adds addition support and prot…
Controls the cell's activities; houses the structure that hol…
Allows material to move into and out of the nucleus
Cell membrane
Flexible barrier that separates the cell from the outside env…
Cell wall
Rigid, inflexible barrier that adds addition support and prot…
12 terms
Cell Structures and Functions
cell membrane
cytoplasm
nucleus
ribosome
flexible barrier found in all cells; controls what enters and…
The fluid inside a cell between the nucleus and cell membrane
organelle that is the control center of the cell; directs cel…
organelle that makes proteins
cell membrane
flexible barrier found in all cells; controls what enters and…
cytoplasm
The fluid inside a cell between the nucleus and cell membrane
Cell Biology: Cell Structure and Function
Cells
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane
Nucleus
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
This outermost membrane of a cell separates internal metaboli…
This membrane-bound compartment contains hereditary instructi…
Cells
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
42 terms
Cell Structure and Function
cell
cell theory
compound light microscope
SEM
structural and functional unit of all living things
All living organisms are composed of one or more cells.... Cells…
microscope composed of two or more lenses and uses light to p…
produces a 3-D image of the surface of the specimen
cell
structural and functional unit of all living things
cell theory
All living organisms are composed of one or more cells.... Cells…
21 terms
Cell Structure and Function
Cell
Cell membrane
Cytoplasm
Cell wall
basic unit of all living things
thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters a…
a jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
strong wall outside a plant cell's cell membrane that protect…
Cell
basic unit of all living things
Cell membrane
thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters a…
Cell Structure and Function
Nucleus
Flagella
Nucleolus
Nuclear envelope
Directs the cell's activities; contains the hereditary materi…
Whip-like appendage that protrudes from the cell body of cert…
Small, dense region inside the nucleus; produces ribosomes
Membrane surrounding the nucleus; provides support and contro…
Nucleus
Directs the cell's activities; contains the hereditary materi…
Flagella
Whip-like appendage that protrudes from the cell body of cert…
17 terms
Cell Organelles Structure and Function
cell membrane
Mitochondria (F)
Chloroplasts
Cell Wall
Regulates what enters and leaves the cell also important for…
F: Site of cellular respiration: Converts energy stored in gl…
Site of photosynthesis: ... CO2 + H20 --> C6H12O6 + O2
Found in plant, bacteria and fungal cells. Not found in anima…
cell membrane
Regulates what enters and leaves the cell also important for…
Mitochondria (F)
F: Site of cellular respiration: Converts energy stored in gl…
37 terms
Cell Structure and Function
Nucleus
Flagella
Nucleolus
Nuclear envelope
Directs the cell's activities; contains the hereditary materi…
Whip-like appendage that protrudes from the cell body of cert…
Small, dense region inside the nucleus; produces ribosomes
Membrane surrounding the nucleus; provides support and contro…
Nucleus
Directs the cell's activities; contains the hereditary materi…
Flagella
Whip-like appendage that protrudes from the cell body of cert…
Cell Structures and their Function
Cytoplasm
Vacuole
Nucleus
Mitochondria
Gel like substance that allows organelles to move in the cell
Storage bubble. Holds food, nutrients, water, waste.
Brain/control center. Tells other parts what to do and when.…
Cellular respiration happens here in both plant and animal ce…
Cytoplasm
Gel like substance that allows organelles to move in the cell
Vacuole
Storage bubble. Holds food, nutrients, water, waste.
Function of Cell Structures
Plasma Membrane
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Chromatin
Controls movement of substances into and out of the cell
Contains DNA molecules and nucleoulus
Assembly site for ribosmes
Long thin strands within the nucleus. Each strand composed of…
Plasma Membrane
Controls movement of substances into and out of the cell
Nucleus
Contains DNA molecules and nucleoulus
Cell Structure and Function
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Nuclear envelope
Cytoplasm
Directs the cell's activities; contains the hereditary materi…
Small, dense region inside the nucleus; produces ribosomes
Membrane surrounding the nucleus; provides support and contro…
Jelly-like substance, consisting mostly of water, that is the…
Nucleus
Directs the cell's activities; contains the hereditary materi…
Nucleolus
Small, dense region inside the nucleus; produces ribosomes
Cell Review - Structures and Functions
Cell
Cell membrane
Cell walls
Cytoplasm
The smallest part of anything living
Surrounds a cell holding the parts of the cell together. Allo…
Surround the cell membrane stiff give plant extra support and…
All the material of the cell between the cell membrane and th…
Cell
The smallest part of anything living
Cell membrane
Surrounds a cell holding the parts of the cell together. Allo…
Structure/Function of Cell Structures
Golgi
Nucleolus
Extracellular matrix
Intermediate filaments
receives from ER, modifies, and ships out
this is where ribosomes are made
proteins surrounding animal cells
skeletal lining inside nucleus; suspends and supports organel…
Golgi
receives from ER, modifies, and ships out
Nucleolus
this is where ribosomes are made
cell structure and function
nucleus
ribosome
mitochondria
chlorplast
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
Makes proteins
An organelle in eukaryotic cells that serves as the site of c…
A structure in the cells of plants and some organisms that ca…
nucleus
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
ribosome
Makes proteins
19 terms
Function of cell structures
Plasma membrane
Microvilli
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Controls movement of substance into and out of the cell
Folds of the plasma membrane that increase the surface area o…
Contains DNA molecules and nucleolus
Assembly site for ribosomes
Plasma membrane
Controls movement of substance into and out of the cell
Microvilli
Folds of the plasma membrane that increase the surface area o…
Cell Structures and Functions
Plasma Membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Vacuole
Controls what enters and exits all cells.
Holds all other organelles.
Control center of the cell and holds DNA
Temporary storage center. (Stores food, water, and wastes.) A…
Plasma Membrane
Controls what enters and exits all cells.
Cytoplasm
Holds all other organelles.
14 terms
Cells Structures and Functions
Structure
Function
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
The name of, part of, or look of something
The purpose or job of something
(or phospholipid bilayer) A cell structure that controls whic…
A rigid outer layer that surrounds the cells of plants that g…
Structure
The name of, part of, or look of something
Function
The purpose or job of something
14 terms
Cells Structures and Functions
Structure
Function
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
The name of, part of, or look of something
The purpose or job of something
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
A rigid outer layer that surrounds the cells of plants that g…
Structure
The name of, part of, or look of something
Function
The purpose or job of something
12 terms
cell structures & cell functions
mitochondira
robosomes
chloroplast
nucleus
cell respiration powerhouse ; ATP energy production
protein synthesis makes proteins
site for photosynthesis
brain on the cell
mitochondira
cell respiration powerhouse ; ATP energy production
robosomes
protein synthesis makes proteins
17 terms
Cell Structure and Function
cell
cell membrane
cytoplasm
nucleus
smallest structure that carries out the activities necessary…
outer covering of the cell that allows water and food to ente…
gelatin (jello)-like material that contains and protects a ce…
controls most cell functions and contains genetic material
cell
smallest structure that carries out the activities necessary…
cell membrane
outer covering of the cell that allows water and food to ente…
Cell structure and function
Cell membrane
Ribosomes
Mitochondria
Nucleus
Allows substances to enter and exit cells
Produces protein
Produces energy
Controls the activities of the cells
Cell membrane
Allows substances to enter and exit cells
Ribosomes
Produces protein
21 terms
Parts of the Cell: Structure and Function
Plasma Membrane
Cytoplasm
Mitocondria
Ribosomes
S: membrane made up of a double layer of lipids within which…
cellular region b/w the nuclear and plasma membranes
S: rodlike, double membrane structure; inner membrane folded…
S: dense particles consisting of 2 subunits, each composed of…
Plasma Membrane
S: membrane made up of a double layer of lipids within which…
Cytoplasm
cellular region b/w the nuclear and plasma membranes
14 terms
SK Cells Structures and Functions
Structure
Function
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
The name of, part of, or look of something
The purpose or job of something
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
A rigid outer layer that surrounds the cells of plants that g…
Structure
The name of, part of, or look of something
Function
The purpose or job of something
Cell Membrane structure and function
Phospholipid
Phospholipid bilayer
Membrane proteins
Selectively Permeable
molecule that has a hydrophillic "head", and two hydrophobic,…
arrangements of phospholipids that makes up a plasma membrane
various kinds of these are embedded in the cell membrane and…
Cell membranes let small, non-polar molecules diffuse through…
Phospholipid
molecule that has a hydrophillic "head", and two hydrophobic,…
Phospholipid bilayer
arrangements of phospholipids that makes up a plasma membrane
46 terms
Cells Structure and Function
Cytoplasm
Lysosome
Mitochondria
Centriole
Jelly-like substance within the plasma membrane. It helps bre…
Sac filled with digestive chemicals
Structures that converts nutrients to energy
Structure that organizes motion of choromosomes
Cytoplasm
Jelly-like substance within the plasma membrane. It helps bre…
Lysosome
Sac filled with digestive chemicals
12 terms
Cell Structures and Functions
chloroplast
vacuole
nucleus
mitochondria
An organelle found in plant and algae cells where photosynthe…
A sac-like organelle that stores water, food, and other mater…
A cell structure that contains nucleic acids, the chemical in…
Called the powerhouse of the cell. Where a cell get's all it'…
chloroplast
An organelle found in plant and algae cells where photosynthe…
vacuole
A sac-like organelle that stores water, food, and other mater…
Cell Structure and Function
Vacuoles
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Cytosol (Cytoplasm)
Sacs that digest nutrients and release cell waste products. I…
Found in Eukaryotic cell. DNA is found in this Structure. Str…
Inside the nucleus, the nucleolus produces ribosomes.... Dark or…
Liquid matter found in cells where the organelles float in it…
Vacuoles
Sacs that digest nutrients and release cell waste products. I…
Nucleus
Found in Eukaryotic cell. DNA is found in this Structure. Str…
18 terms
Cell structures and basic functions
H2O
CO2
C6H12O6
photosynthesis
water
carbon dioxide
Glucose
process of the chloroplast producing glucose
H2O
water
CO2
carbon dioxide
cell structures & cell functions
mitochondira
robosomes
chloroplast
nucleus
cell respiration powerhouse ; ATP energy production
protein synthesis makes proteins
site for photosynthesis
brain on the cell
mitochondira
cell respiration powerhouse ; ATP energy production
robosomes
protein synthesis makes proteins
Cell structure and function
organelle
vesicles
Golgi complex
Mitochondria
Membrane-surrounded structures which have specialized functio…
Which organelle carries substances to other parts of a cell?
Which organelle prepares proteins for specific jobs? --------…
Which organelle releases energy in a cell? ------------------…
organelle
Membrane-surrounded structures which have specialized functio…
vesicles
Which organelle carries substances to other parts of a cell?
11 terms
Cell functions and cell structures
Lysomes
Vacuoles
Golgi apparatus
Cell wall
Animal cell vesicles that contain enzymes to break down cellu…
Sac like structures that store food water and waste
Stacked flattened membranes that prepare and package proteins
Stiff structure outside the cell membrane
Lysomes
Animal cell vesicles that contain enzymes to break down cellu…
Vacuoles
Sac like structures that store food water and waste
CELL: Structure and Function
nucleus (BOSS)
nucleuolus
cytoplasm
ribosomes
Control center of the cell; contains DNA
makes ribosomes
supports/suspends the organelles
make proteins
nucleus (BOSS)
Control center of the cell; contains DNA
nucleuolus
makes ribosomes
34 terms
Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
42 terms
Cell Structure and Function
cell
cell theory
compound light microscope
SEM
structural and functional unit of all living things
All living organisms are composed of one or more cells.... Cells…
microscope composed of two or more lenses and uses light to p…
produces a 3-D image of the surface of the specimen
cell
structural and functional unit of all living things
cell theory
All living organisms are composed of one or more cells.... Cells…
Function of Cell Organelles/Structures
Cell Wall
Cytoskeleton
Vacuole
ER
Supports and protects the plant cell
Contribute to the internal structure, intracellular movement,…
Stores enzymes and waste products; functions to store water i…
Prepares proteins for export; synthesizes steroids, regulates…
Cell Wall
Supports and protects the plant cell
Cytoskeleton
Contribute to the internal structure, intracellular movement,…
Cell Structures and Functions
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
A protective layer that covers the cell's surface and acts as…
A rigid structure that gives support to a cell.
A jelly like substance that everything floats in.
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
Cell Membrane
A protective layer that covers the cell's surface and acts as…
Cell Wall
A rigid structure that gives support to a cell.
CELL ORGANELLES STRUCTURES AND FUNCTION
"CLEAN-UP" CREW
"POWER-HOUSE'
ASSISTS ORGANELLE MOVEMENT WITHIN CELL
BOUND TO RER
LYSOSOMES
MITOCHONDRIA
CYTOSKELETON
RIBOSOMES
"CLEAN-UP" CREW
LYSOSOMES
"POWER-HOUSE'
MITOCHONDRIA
CELL STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION
Cell
Prokaryotes
Prokaryotic cells
Eukaryotic cells
the basic structural and functional unit of life
bacteria and cyanobacteria
lack distinct nuclei and have few organelles that are not mem…
have distinct nuclei and contain several membrane-bound organ…
Cell
the basic structural and functional unit of life
Prokaryotes
bacteria and cyanobacteria
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