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Study sets matching "functional anatomy"

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Study sets matching "functional anatomy"

37 terms
Ch. 2 Functional Anatomy
Muscles provide
2 Major types of Fiber Arrangements
Parallel Muscles : Flat
Parallel Muscles : Fusiform
- Movement... - Protection... - Dynamic Stability of Joints... - Postu…
- Parallel... - Pennate
Usually thin & broad... Allows them to spread their forces over…
Spindle shaped with a central belly... Ex: biceps
Muscles provide
- Movement... - Protection... - Dynamic Stability of Joints... - Postu…
2 Major types of Fiber Arrangements
- Parallel... - Pennate
20 terms
Functional anatomy
How is function related to structure
Dorsal (Posterior)
Ventral (Anterior)
Sagital Plane (abduct/adduct)
Function is an emergent property of structure
How is function related to structure
Function is an emergent property of structure
Dorsal (Posterior)
120 terms
functional anatomy test 1
cephalic
caudal
origin
insertion
toward the head
toward the feet
the proximal attachment of a muscle or ligament
the distal attachment of a muscle or ligament
cephalic
toward the head
caudal
toward the feet
83 terms
Functional Anatomy
Anatomical Position
Posterior
Anterior
Superior
The standard reference position used from which all other mov…
Behind the reference point
Infront of the reference point
Above the reference point
Anatomical Position
The standard reference position used from which all other mov…
Posterior
Behind the reference point
93 terms
Functional anatomy
Rectus capitis posterior
Longus capitis
Longus colli
Scaleni
Insertion: transverse process of the cervical spine to the oc…
Insertion: transverse process of C3-C6 to the mastoid process…
Insertion: anterior cervical spine body and the transverse pr…
Insertion: Transverse process of the cervical spine to the fi…
Rectus capitis posterior
Insertion: transverse process of the cervical spine to the oc…
Longus capitis
Insertion: transverse process of C3-C6 to the mastoid process…
22 terms
functional anatomy
dorsal
ventral
cranial
caudal
backside
underside
towards head
towards feet
dorsal
backside
ventral
underside
25 terms
Functional anatomy lecture 2
Newtons 1st law
Newtons 2nd law
Newtons 3rd law
Tension/traction
Law of inertia, all matter has inertia.... Momentum (p) is the a…
Avg rate of acceleration caused by earths gravitational field…
Action/reaction, desrcibes condition of equilibrium ... Ex) acti…
Elongates tissues and pulls bones apart
Newtons 1st law
Law of inertia, all matter has inertia.... Momentum (p) is the a…
Newtons 2nd law
Avg rate of acceleration caused by earths gravitational field…
148 terms
Functional Anatomy
Ligaments that support spine and inter…
Ligaments that support SI joint
What forms hip joint?
Acetabulum
- anterior/posterior longitudinal ligaments... - ligmentum flava…
-iliolumbar... - sacroiliac (anterior/posterior)... - sacrospinous…
acetabulum of pelvis and head of femur
- illium, ischium, pubis... - forms true hemisphere w/articulati…
Ligaments that support spine and inter…
- anterior/posterior longitudinal ligaments... - ligmentum flava…
Ligaments that support SI joint
-iliolumbar... - sacroiliac (anterior/posterior)... - sacrospinous…
72 terms
Functional Anatomy
Spinalis Thoracis
Spinalis Cervicis
Longissimus Thoracic
Longissimus Cervicis
Origin: Spinous process of the upper lumbar and lower thoraci…
Origin: Ligamentum nuchae, spinous process of C7... Insertion:…
Origin: Common tendon... Insertion: Lower nine ribs and transve…
Origin: Transverse processes of upper five thoracic vertebrae…
Spinalis Thoracis
Origin: Spinous process of the upper lumbar and lower thoraci…
Spinalis Cervicis
Origin: Ligamentum nuchae, spinous process of C7... Insertion:…
31 terms
Functional Anatomy
O: Occipital Bone; nuchal ligament on…
O: Spinous process of C7 through T3... I…
O: Spinous process of middle and lower…
O: Transverse process of first four ce…
Upper Trap
Middle Trap
Lower Trap
Levator Scapula
O: Occipital Bone; nuchal ligament on…
Upper Trap
O: Spinous process of C7 through T3... I…
Middle Trap
136 terms
Functional Anatomy Exam 1
Sagittal Plane
Frontal/Coronal Plane
Transverse Plane
Superior
Divides the body into left and right halfs
Divides the body into front and back halfs
Divides the body into top and bottom halfs
Closer to the head
Sagittal Plane
Divides the body into left and right halfs
Frontal/Coronal Plane
Divides the body into front and back halfs
364 terms
Functional anatomy slide exam
trapezius
splenius capitis and cervicis
semispinalis capitis
semispinalis cervicis
1
2
3
4
trapezius
1
splenius capitis and cervicis
2
47 terms
Functional Anatomy
What are the three most commone errors…
How can you tell it you are palpating…
What are 3 distinguishing features of…
What 3 muscles do internal rotation?
1. Lack of concentration on what is being touched... 2. Too much…
The shape and rigidity of bones and bony landmarks are consta…
1. Has striated texture... 2. muscle fiber direction... 3. can be c…
Little miss dorsi btw 2 majors (lat. dorsi, pec major and ter…
What are the three most commone errors…
1. Lack of concentration on what is being touched... 2. Too much…
How can you tell it you are palpating…
The shape and rigidity of bones and bony landmarks are consta…
40 terms
Functional Anatomy - Lecture 3
Shoulder Complex
Kinematic Chain of the Upper Extremity
Palpation of Greater Tubercle
Palpation of Lesser Tubercle
Provides stability for hand movements and access to the envir…
1. Sternum... 2. Sternoclavicular joint... 3. Clavicle... 4. Acromiocl…
Palpate in internal rotation inferior to acromion process. In…
Palpated in external rotation. Attachment site of subscapularis
Shoulder Complex
Provides stability for hand movements and access to the envir…
Kinematic Chain of the Upper Extremity
1. Sternum... 2. Sternoclavicular joint... 3. Clavicle... 4. Acromiocl…
39 terms
Functional Anatomy - Lecture 4
THE ELBOWWW
Osteokinematics of the Humeroradial Jo…
Arthrokinematics of the Humeroradial J…
Osteokinematics of the Humeroulnar Joint
Aids in establishing the optimal length-tension relationship…
-diarthrotic... -uniaxial (1 degree of freedom)... -Primary muscles…
-Radial head is concave... -Capitulum of humerus is convex so sl…
-uniaxial hinge joint... -primary muscles: brachialis, triceps
THE ELBOWWW
Aids in establishing the optimal length-tension relationship…
Osteokinematics of the Humeroradial Jo…
-diarthrotic... -uniaxial (1 degree of freedom)... -Primary muscles…
38 terms
Functional Anatomy - Lecture 5
Wrist Actions
Wrist Organization
Radiocarpal Joint
Triangular Fibrocartilage Complex
Provides stability for the hand. Transits forces from hand to…
Ulna does not articulate directly with the carpals, which are…
Formed by the radius and the radioulnar disc proximally, and…
Shock absorber that stabilizes the radioulnar joint
Wrist Actions
Provides stability for the hand. Transits forces from hand to…
Wrist Organization
Ulna does not articulate directly with the carpals, which are…
42 terms
Functional Anatomy - Lecture 1
Kinesiology
Biomechanics
Internal Forces
External Forces
The study of muscles, bones, and joints as they are involved…
The science of the action of forces... Focuses on the forces tha…
Generated by body tissues, such as muscle contractions. Can b…
Forces that affect the body from the outside: gravity plays…
Kinesiology
The study of muscles, bones, and joints as they are involved…
Biomechanics
The science of the action of forces... Focuses on the forces tha…
7 terms
Functional Anatomy
rectus abdominus... Isolate function: acc…
internal oblique... Isolated Function: ac…
external oblique... Isolated Function: ac…
transverse abdominus... Isolated Function…
rectus abdominus... Isolate function: acc…
internal oblique... Isolated Function: ac…
55 terms
Functional Anatomy: Knee
What joints make up the knee?
What two motions occur at the knee?
What forms a passageway for the crucia…
The head of the fibula provides attach…
the lateral and medial compartments of the tibiofemoral joint…
extension and flexion
the intercondylar notch
soleus, biceps femoris, and lateral collateral ligament
What joints make up the knee?
the lateral and medial compartments of the tibiofemoral joint…
What two motions occur at the knee?
extension and flexion
18 terms
Functional Anatomy
Rectus: Any of several straight struct…
Abdominus: Large muscle in front of th…
Internal Oblique: A muscle in the abdo…
External Oblique: concentrically accel…
Rectus: Any of several straight struct…
Abdominus: Large muscle in front of th…
93 terms
Functional Anatomy: Hip
What two structures comprise the hip j…
What three bones comprise an innominate?
The right and left innominate connect…
What are the three major functions of…
the head of the femur and the acetabulum of the pelvis
ilium, pubis, ischium
pubic symphysis; sacrum
(1) common attachment point for many large muscles of the low…
What two structures comprise the hip j…
the head of the femur and the acetabulum of the pelvis
What three bones comprise an innominate?
ilium, pubis, ischium
57 terms
Functional Anatomy
Anatomical position
parts of the skeletal system
axial skeleton
appendicular skeleton
bones, joints, cartilages, ligaments
skull, spinal coloumn
limbs and girdle
Anatomical position
parts of the skeletal system
bones, joints, cartilages, ligaments
40 terms
Functional Anatomy
Functional Anatomy
Abduction
Adduction
Agonist
How the body works in relation to its parts (anatomy)
The movement of a limb or other part away from the midline of…
Moving of a body part toward the central axis of the body
A muscle whose contraction moves a part of the body directly.…
Functional Anatomy
How the body works in relation to its parts (anatomy)
Abduction
The movement of a limb or other part away from the midline of…
16 terms
Functional anatomy
Epimysium
Fascicle
Perimysium
Muscle fibre
Connective tissue that surrounds a muscle
Bundle of muscle fibres within the Epimysium
Connective tissue surrounding the fascicles
A strand of muscle that forms part of the fascicles comprisin…
Epimysium
Connective tissue that surrounds a muscle
Fascicle
Bundle of muscle fibres within the Epimysium
30 terms
Functional Anatomy
Anatomical Plane
Sagittal Plane
Frontal Plane
Transverse/Horizontal Plane
Imaginary line drawn through different body parts, used to de…
-Runs down the centre line of the body and divides the body i…
-Run through the body, dividing it into front and back
-Runs at a right angle to the other planes, dividing the body…
Anatomical Plane
Imaginary line drawn through different body parts, used to de…
Sagittal Plane
-Runs down the centre line of the body and divides the body i…
Functional Anatomy
Spinalis Thoracis
Spinalis Cervicis
Longissimus Thoracic
Longissimus Cervicis
Origin: Spinous process of the upper lumbar and lower thoraci…
Origin: Ligamentum nuchae, spinous process of C7... Insertion:…
Origin: Common tendon... Insertion: Lower nine ribs and transve…
Origin: Transverse processes of upper five thoracic vertebrae…
Spinalis Thoracis
Origin: Spinous process of the upper lumbar and lower thoraci…
Spinalis Cervicis
Origin: Ligamentum nuchae, spinous process of C7... Insertion:…
47 terms
Functional Anatomy
Planes of motion, AOR, and motion
Plantarflexion
Dorsiflexion
subtalar joint
gastroc and soleus... peroneals... tib posterior
tib anterior
inversion and eversion
Planes of motion, AOR, and motion
Plantarflexion
gastroc and soleus... peroneals... tib posterior
40 terms
Functional Anatomy
Osteopenia / Osteoporosis
Midaxillary line
Lateral Flexion of Spine
Protraction / Retraction of Spine
Reduction / severe reduction in bone mineral density
perpendicular line drawn downward from apex of axilla
Osteopenia / Osteoporosis
Reduction / severe reduction in bone mineral density
Midaxillary line
perpendicular line drawn downward from apex of axilla
198 terms
Functional Anatomy
Occipital bone, ligamentum nuchae, spi…
Lateral clavicle, spine and acromion o…
Elevate scapula
Depress scapula
Origin of Trapezius
Insertion of Trapezius
Function of upper trapezius
Function of lower trapezius
Occipital bone, ligamentum nuchae, spi…
Origin of Trapezius
Lateral clavicle, spine and acromion o…
Insertion of Trapezius
8 terms
Functional Anatomy
Structure of Skeletal Muscle
Sliding Filament Theory
Relationship between the velocity and…
Function of nerves, spinal chord, moto…
Epimysium ... Perimysium ... Fascicle... Muscle fibre ... Myofibral
Force-velocity... - Isometric = greatest force... - 1/3 velocity =…
Spinal chord - Transmits messages to brain/muscles... Dendrites…
Structure of Skeletal Muscle
Epimysium ... Perimysium ... Fascicle... Muscle fibre ... Myofibral
Sliding Filament Theory
61 terms
Functional Anatomy: Ventilation
What are the functions of the thorax?
True ribs
False ribs
Floating ribs
protects cardiopulmonary organs and large vessels ... structural…
ribs 1-7
8-10
11-12
What are the functions of the thorax?
protects cardiopulmonary organs and large vessels ... structural…
True ribs
ribs 1-7
20 terms
Functional Anatomy
rectus abdominus... isolated function:... co…
internal oblique... Isolated Function... Con…
external oblique... Isolated Function: ... C…
transverse abdominus... Isolated Function…
rectus abdominus... isolated function:... co…
internal oblique... Isolated Function... Con…
24 terms
Functional Anatomy
Structure of a skeletal muscle
Epimysium
Perimysium
Endomysium
Muscle Belly, Epimsium, Perimysium, Fascicle, Endomysium, Mus…
Connective tissue sheath surrounding each muscle.
Connective tissue which surrounds each bundle of muscle fibres.
Connective tissue which surrounds each individual muscle fibre.
Structure of a skeletal muscle
Muscle Belly, Epimsium, Perimysium, Fascicle, Endomysium, Mus…
Epimysium
Connective tissue sheath surrounding each muscle.
90 terms
All of Functional Anatomy Muscles
Trapezius Upper Fibers? (Origin, inser…
Trapezius Lower Fibers ? (Origin, inse…
Trapezius Middle Fibers ? (Origin, ins…
Levator scapula? (Origin, insertions,…
Origins: External occipital protuberance, medial 1/3 of the s…
Origin: Spinous processes of the 6th-12th thoracic vertebrae.…
Origins: Spinous processes of the 1-5 thoracic vertebrae.... In…
Origin: Transverse processes of 1-4 cervical vertebrae.... Inse…
Trapezius Upper Fibers? (Origin, inser…
Origins: External occipital protuberance, medial 1/3 of the s…
Trapezius Lower Fibers ? (Origin, inse…
Origin: Spinous processes of the 6th-12th thoracic vertebrae.…
23 terms
Functional Anatomy
Rectus abdominal:... -isolated function:…
Internal oblique:... -Isolated Function:…
External oblique:... -Isolated Function... A…
Transverse abdominus:... -Isolated Functi…
Rectus abdominal:... -isolated function:…
Internal oblique:... -Isolated Function:…
38 terms
Functional Anatomy
Contractability
Improving contractability
Extendability
Elasticity
Muscle fibres shortening or decreasing overall length
Can only be done through training, working muscle fibres hard
Ability of muscle to be stretched without damage to the tissue
A muscles ability to give and then return to its original shape
Contractability
Muscle fibres shortening or decreasing overall length
Improving contractability
Can only be done through training, working muscle fibres hard
23 terms
Functional Anatomy: Hand
What is stronger - wrist flexors or wr…
Condition for hyperextension of the PI…
What structures make up the TFCC?
Carpal tunnel syndrome is the compress…
wrist flexors
swan neck deformity
ulnar collateral ligament, palmar collateral ligament, triang…
median
What is stronger - wrist flexors or wr…
wrist flexors
Condition for hyperextension of the PI…
swan neck deformity
49 terms
Functional Anatomy
Cartilage basic key features
Name of connective tissue that surroun…
Big thing to remember about cartilage?
7 properties of cartilage
-Is a specialized type of connective tissue.... -Consists, like…
Perichondrium... Outer FIBROUS layer - Inner chondrogenic
AVASCULAR! No vessels or nerves - gets nutrients from surroun…
1) avascular 2) permeable 3) flexible but weight bearing 4) E…
Cartilage basic key features
-Is a specialized type of connective tissue.... -Consists, like…
Name of connective tissue that surroun…
Perichondrium... Outer FIBROUS layer - Inner chondrogenic
33 terms
Brain Functional Anatomy
yellow; primary auditory cortex
yellow; primary olfactory cortex
red; primary motor cortex
dark purple; primary somatosensory cor…
The initial processing of sounds occurs in which colored area…
Initial processing of smell occurs in which colored area of t…
Initiation of voluntary muscle movements occurs in which colo…
Initial processing of sensory information from the skin occur…
yellow; primary auditory cortex
The initial processing of sounds occurs in which colored area…
yellow; primary olfactory cortex
Initial processing of smell occurs in which colored area of t…
25 terms
Functional Anatomy
types of joints + examples:
origin + insertion
agonist + antagonist
concentric muscle contraction
pivot: radius + ulna... hinge: elbow... saddle: thumb... ball + socket…
origin is the static end... insertion is closest to the end that…
agonist: prime muscle - bicep... antagonist: relaxes - tricep
muscle shortens when applying force. (eg bicep curl)
types of joints + examples:
pivot: radius + ulna... hinge: elbow... saddle: thumb... ball + socket…
origin + insertion
origin is the static end... insertion is closest to the end that…
Functional Anatomy
Rectus Abdominus... Origin: Pubic symphy…
External Oblique... Origin: External sur…
Internal Oblique... Origin: Anterior two…
Transverse Abdominis... Origin: Ribs 7-1…
Rectus Abdominus... Origin: Pubic symphy…
External Oblique... Origin: External sur…
55 terms
Functional Anatomy
Elevators of the scapula
Depressors of the scapula
Protractors of scapula
Retractors of scapula
levator scapulae... trapezius (upper fibers)... rhomboid minor... rhom…
pectoralis minor... percotralis major... serratus anterior... trapeziu…
pectoralis minor... serratus anterior
rhomboid minor... rhomboid major... trapezius (middle fibers)
Elevators of the scapula
levator scapulae... trapezius (upper fibers)... rhomboid minor... rhom…
Depressors of the scapula
pectoralis minor... percotralis major... serratus anterior... trapeziu…
27 terms
Functional Anatomy
rectus abdominus:... Isolate function : S…
internal oblique: ... Isolated Function:…
external oblique: ... Isolated Function:C…
transverse abdominus: deepest!!!... Isola…
rectus abdominus:... Isolate function : S…
internal oblique: ... Isolated Function:…
17 terms
Functional anatomy
What are the immune functions of the l…
What are the cardiovascular functions…
Conducting zone of the airways
Respiratory zone of the airways
- Mucociliary escalator... - Lymph nodes... - IgA secretion... - Alveo…
- ACE... - Bradykinin, Serotonin and prostaglandin inactivation…
Trachea... Bronchi... Bronchioles... Terminal Bronchioles
Respiratory bronchioles... Alveolar ducts... Alveolar sacs
What are the immune functions of the l…
- Mucociliary escalator... - Lymph nodes... - IgA secretion... - Alveo…
What are the cardiovascular functions…
- ACE... - Bradykinin, Serotonin and prostaglandin inactivation…
27 terms
Functional Anatomy
rectus abdominus ... Isolate function: sp…
internal oblique... Isolated Function: sp…
external oblique... Isolated Function: sp…
transverse abdominus... Isolated Function…
rectus abdominus ... Isolate function: sp…
internal oblique... Isolated Function: sp…
21 terms
Functional Anatomy
rectus abdominus... Isolate function: Con…
internal oblique... Isolated Function:Spi…
external oblique... Isolated Function:Spi…
transverse abdominus... Insertion: Linea…
rectus abdominus... Isolate function: Con…
internal oblique... Isolated Function:Spi…
28 terms
Functional Anatomy
Rectus Abdominis... Origin: Pubic symphy…
External Oblique... Origin: External sur…
Internal Oblique ... Origin: Anterior tw…
Transverse Abdominis... Origin: Ribs 7-1…
Rectus Abdominis... Origin: Pubic symphy…
External Oblique... Origin: External sur…
17 terms
Functional Anatomy
The lower arm during the test is under…
-Checks glenohumeral instability... -Abdu…
-Patient slowly drops arms from abduct…
-90 degrees shoulder flexion and inter…
Apley scratch test
Apprehension test
Drop arm test
Empty can test
The lower arm during the test is under…
Apley scratch test
-Checks glenohumeral instability... -Abdu…
Apprehension test
21 terms
Functional Anatomy
how do you align a newborn to allow fo…
how do you align an adult to allow for…
what is the site of most airway resist…
what is the site of most airway resist…
chin to sternum
ear lobe to sternum
the nasal passage
the glottis
how do you align a newborn to allow fo…
chin to sternum
how do you align an adult to allow for…
ear lobe to sternum
31 terms
Functional Anatomy
ankle is
medial and lateral displacement is pre…
lateral ligaments limit inversion of the
medeal ligaments limit eversion of the
a stable hinge joint
Malleoli
subtalar joint
subtalar joint
ankle is
a stable hinge joint
medial and lateral displacement is pre…
Malleoli
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