Study sets matching "functional anatomy"

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Study sets matching "functional anatomy"

37 terms
Ch. 2 Functional Anatomy
Muscles provide
2 Major types of Fiber Arrangements
Parallel Muscles : Flat
Parallel Muscles : Fusiform
- Movement... - Protection... - Dynamic Stability of Joints... - Postu…
- Parallel... - Pennate
Usually thin & broad... Allows them to spread their forces over…
Spindle shaped with a central belly... Ex: biceps
Muscles provide
- Movement... - Protection... - Dynamic Stability of Joints... - Postu…
2 Major types of Fiber Arrangements
- Parallel... - Pennate
20 terms
Functional anatomy
How is function related to structure
Dorsal (Posterior)
Ventral (Anterior)
Sagital Plane (abduct/adduct)
Function is an emergent property of structure
How is function related to structure
Function is an emergent property of structure
Dorsal (Posterior)
93 terms
Functional anatomy
Rectus capitis posterior
Longus capitis
Longus colli
Scaleni
Insertion: transverse process of the cervical spine to the oc…
Insertion: transverse process of C3-C6 to the mastoid process…
Insertion: anterior cervical spine body and the transverse pr…
Insertion: Transverse process of the cervical spine to the fi…
Rectus capitis posterior
Insertion: transverse process of the cervical spine to the oc…
Longus capitis
Insertion: transverse process of C3-C6 to the mastoid process…
Functional Anatomy
Anatomical Position
Posterior
Anterior
Superior
The standard reference position used from which all other mov…
Behind the reference point
Infront of the reference point
Above the reference point
Anatomical Position
The standard reference position used from which all other mov…
Posterior
Behind the reference point
22 terms
functional anatomy
dorsal
ventral
cranial
caudal
backside
underside
towards head
towards feet
dorsal
backside
ventral
underside
148 terms
Functional Anatomy
Ligaments that support spine and inter…
Ligaments that support SI joint
What forms hip joint?
Acetabulum
- anterior/posterior longitudinal ligaments... - ligmentum flava…
-iliolumbar... - sacroiliac (anterior/posterior)... - sacrospinous…
acetabulum of pelvis and head of femur
- illium, ischium, pubis... - forms true hemisphere w/articulati…
Ligaments that support spine and inter…
- anterior/posterior longitudinal ligaments... - ligmentum flava…
Ligaments that support SI joint
-iliolumbar... - sacroiliac (anterior/posterior)... - sacrospinous…
Functional Anatomy
Spinalis Thoracis
Spinalis Cervicis
Longissimus Thoracic
Longissimus Cervicis
Origin: Spinous process of the upper lumbar and lower thoraci…
Origin: Ligamentum nuchae, spinous process of C7... Insertion:…
Origin: Common tendon... Insertion: Lower nine ribs and transve…
Origin: Transverse processes of upper five thoracic vertebrae…
Spinalis Thoracis
Origin: Spinous process of the upper lumbar and lower thoraci…
Spinalis Cervicis
Origin: Ligamentum nuchae, spinous process of C7... Insertion:…
136 terms
Functional Anatomy Exam 1
Sagittal Plane
Frontal/Coronal Plane
Transverse Plane
Superior
Divides the body into left and right halfs
Divides the body into front and back halfs
Divides the body into top and bottom halfs
Closer to the head
Sagittal Plane
Divides the body into left and right halfs
Frontal/Coronal Plane
Divides the body into front and back halfs
Functional Anatomy
O: Occipital Bone; nuchal ligament on…
O: Spinous process of C7 through T3... I…
O: Spinous process of middle and lower…
O: Transverse process of first four ce…
Upper Trap
Middle Trap
Lower Trap
Levator Scapula
O: Occipital Bone; nuchal ligament on…
Upper Trap
O: Spinous process of C7 through T3... I…
Middle Trap
25 terms
Functional anatomy lecture 2
Newtons 1st law
Newtons 2nd law
Newtons 3rd law
Tension/traction
Law of inertia, all matter has inertia.... Momentum (p) is the a…
Avg rate of acceleration caused by earths gravitational field…
Action/reaction, desrcibes condition of equilibrium ... Ex) acti…
Elongates tissues and pulls bones apart
Newtons 1st law
Law of inertia, all matter has inertia.... Momentum (p) is the a…
Newtons 2nd law
Avg rate of acceleration caused by earths gravitational field…
364 terms
Functional anatomy slide exam
trapezius
splenius capitis and cervicis
semispinalis capitis
semispinalis cervicis
1
2
3
4
trapezius
1
splenius capitis and cervicis
2
40 terms
functional anatomy
Abduction
Adduction
Flexion
Extension
Lateral movement away from midline of trunk in the frontal pl…
movement medially towards the midline of the trunk in the fro…
Bending resulting in a decrease of the angle in a joint by br…
Straightening resulting in an increase of the angle in a join…
Abduction
Lateral movement away from midline of trunk in the frontal pl…
Adduction
movement medially towards the midline of the trunk in the fro…
38 terms
Functional Anatomy - Lecture 5
Wrist Actions
Wrist Organization
Radiocarpal Joint
Triangular Fibrocartilage Complex
Provides stability for the hand. Transits forces from hand to…
Ulna does not articulate directly with the carpals, which are…
Formed by the radius and the radioulnar disc proximally, and…
Shock absorber that stabilizes the radioulnar joint
Wrist Actions
Provides stability for the hand. Transits forces from hand to…
Wrist Organization
Ulna does not articulate directly with the carpals, which are…
29 terms
Functional Anatomy
Rectus Abdominus... Isolated: ... spinal fle…
Internal Oblique... Isolated: ... spinal fle…
External Oblique... Isolated: ... spinal fle…
Transverse Abdominus... Isolated:... increa…
Rectus Abdominus... Isolated: ... spinal fle…
Internal Oblique... Isolated: ... spinal fle…
93 terms
Functional Anatomy: Hip
What two structures comprise the hip j…
What three bones comprise an innominate?
The right and left innominate connect…
What are the three major functions of…
the head of the femur and the acetabulum of the pelvis
ilium, pubis, ischium
pubic symphysis; sacrum
(1) common attachment point for many large muscles of the low…
What two structures comprise the hip j…
the head of the femur and the acetabulum of the pelvis
What three bones comprise an innominate?
ilium, pubis, ischium
40 terms
Functional Anatomy - Lecture 3
Shoulder Complex
Kinematic Chain of the Upper Extremity
Palpation of Greater Tubercle
Palpation of Lesser Tubercle
Provides stability for hand movements and access to the envir…
1. Sternum... 2. Sternoclavicular joint... 3. Clavicle... 4. Acromiocl…
Palpate in internal rotation inferior to acromion process. In…
Palpated in external rotation. Attachment site of subscapularis
Shoulder Complex
Provides stability for hand movements and access to the envir…
Kinematic Chain of the Upper Extremity
1. Sternum... 2. Sternoclavicular joint... 3. Clavicle... 4. Acromiocl…
39 terms
Functional Anatomy - Lecture 4
THE ELBOWWW
Osteokinematics of the Humeroradial Jo…
Arthrokinematics of the Humeroradial J…
Osteokinematics of the Humeroulnar Joint
Aids in establishing the optimal length-tension relationship…
-diarthrotic... -uniaxial (1 degree of freedom)... -Primary muscles…
-Radial head is concave... -Capitulum of humerus is convex so sl…
-uniaxial hinge joint... -primary muscles: brachialis, triceps
THE ELBOWWW
Aids in establishing the optimal length-tension relationship…
Osteokinematics of the Humeroradial Jo…
-diarthrotic... -uniaxial (1 degree of freedom)... -Primary muscles…
42 terms
Functional Anatomy - Lecture 1
Kinesiology
Biomechanics
Internal Forces
External Forces
The study of muscles, bones, and joints as they are involved…
The science of the action of forces... Focuses on the forces tha…
Generated by body tissues, such as muscle contractions. Can b…
Forces that affect the body from the outside: gravity plays…
Kinesiology
The study of muscles, bones, and joints as they are involved…
Biomechanics
The science of the action of forces... Focuses on the forces tha…
339 terms
Functional Anatomy
Performance
Robustness
asymptotically stable
Limits of stability
how closely and rapidly the disturbed position of the system…
tolerance of uncertainty; in addition to knowing if a system…
if the spine returns to its original position
the amount of excursion from an upright position that the bod…
Performance
how closely and rapidly the disturbed position of the system…
Robustness
tolerance of uncertainty; in addition to knowing if a system…
47 terms
Functional Anatomy
What are the three most commone errors…
How can you tell it you are palpating…
What are 3 distinguishing features of…
What 3 muscles do internal rotation?
1. Lack of concentration on what is being touched... 2. Too much…
The shape and rigidity of bones and bony landmarks are consta…
1. Has striated texture... 2. muscle fiber direction... 3. can be c…
Little miss dorsi btw 2 majors (lat. dorsi, pec major and ter…
What are the three most commone errors…
1. Lack of concentration on what is being touched... 2. Too much…
How can you tell it you are palpating…
The shape and rigidity of bones and bony landmarks are consta…
Functional Anatomy
Elevators of the scapula
Depressors of the scapula
Protractors of scapula
Retractors of scapula
levator scapulae... trapezius (upper fibers)... rhomboid minor... rhom…
pectoralis minor... percotralis major... serratus anterior... trapeziu…
pectoralis minor... serratus anterior
rhomboid minor... rhomboid major... trapezius (middle fibers)
Elevators of the scapula
levator scapulae... trapezius (upper fibers)... rhomboid minor... rhom…
Depressors of the scapula
pectoralis minor... percotralis major... serratus anterior... trapeziu…
Functional Anatomy
ankle is
medial and lateral displacement is pre…
lateral ligaments limit inversion of the
medeal ligaments limit eversion of the
a stable hinge joint
Malleoli
subtalar joint
subtalar joint
ankle is
a stable hinge joint
medial and lateral displacement is pre…
Malleoli
Functional Anatomy
Functional Anatomy
Abduction
Adduction
Agonist
How the body works in relation to its parts (anatomy)
The movement of a limb or other part away from the midline of…
Moving of a body part toward the central axis of the body
A muscle whose contraction moves a part of the body directly.…
Functional Anatomy
How the body works in relation to its parts (anatomy)
Abduction
The movement of a limb or other part away from the midline of…
Functional Anatomy
What are the two types of joint classi…
What are the three forms of synarthroi…
What are 3 types of synarthroidal cart…
What are the two layers of a synovial…
Synarthrosis(fibrous, cartilaginous) and diarthrosis(synovial)
Sutures, Syndesmosis (such as distal tib-fib) and Interosseou…
Symphysis, Synchondroses (hyaline), IV joints
Synovial membrane-produces synovial fluid for lubrication and…
What are the two types of joint classi…
Synarthrosis(fibrous, cartilaginous) and diarthrosis(synovial)
What are the three forms of synarthroi…
Sutures, Syndesmosis (such as distal tib-fib) and Interosseou…
Functional anatomy Ch 6
4 joints that make up the elbow/forear…
elbow motions
humeroulnar articulation
Carrying angle
humeroulnar, humeroradial, proximal radioulnar, distal radiou…
primarily articulations between humerus and ulna (trochlea an…
articulation between concave notch and convex trochlea, hinge…
formed by long axis of humerus and ulna (10-15 degrees in wom…
4 joints that make up the elbow/forear…
humeroulnar, humeroradial, proximal radioulnar, distal radiou…
elbow motions
primarily articulations between humerus and ulna (trochlea an…
7 terms
Functional Anatomy
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
Prokaryotic cells: Shapes
Bacillus
One circular chromosome, no membrane... no organelles... peptidogly…
Paired chromosome, in nuclear membrane... organelles... polysacchar…
most bacteria are monomorphic ... a few are pleomorphic- ability…
rod-shaped
Prokaryote
One circular chromosome, no membrane... no organelles... peptidogly…
Eukaryote
Paired chromosome, in nuclear membrane... organelles... polysacchar…
40 terms
Functional Anatomy
Osteopenia / Osteoporosis
Midaxillary line
Lateral Flexion of Spine
Protraction / Retraction of Spine
Reduction / severe reduction in bone mineral density
perpendicular line drawn downward from apex of axilla
Osteopenia / Osteoporosis
Reduction / severe reduction in bone mineral density
Midaxillary line
perpendicular line drawn downward from apex of axilla
Functional Anatomy Quiz 1
Bone Function
Composition of Bone
Healing Phases of Bone
Rate of Force Application
Protection, Frame, Structure, Muscle Attachment, Blood Cell P…
1. Cells (osteoblasts/clasts/cytes)... 2. Organic ECM (Type 1 Co…
1. Inflammatory- immediate... 2. Soft Callus- 1-6 wks... 3. Hard Ca…
if tissue is loaded rapidly, more energy/force is req. to def…
Bone Function
Protection, Frame, Structure, Muscle Attachment, Blood Cell P…
Composition of Bone
1. Cells (osteoblasts/clasts/cytes)... 2. Organic ECM (Type 1 Co…
92 terms
Functional Anatomy
temporalis
massester
medial pterygoid
lateral pterygoid
O: temporal bone... I: coronoid process of mandible... A: elevates…
O: zygomatic arch... I: coronoid process and angle of mandible... A…
O: pterygoid plate... I: ramus of the mandible... A: elevates the m…
O: pterygoid plate... I: condylar process of mandible... A: depress…
temporalis
O: temporal bone... I: coronoid process of mandible... A: elevates…
massester
O: zygomatic arch... I: coronoid process and angle of mandible... A…
Functional Anatomy
Structure of a skeletal muscle
Epimysium
Perimysium
Endomysium
Muscle Belly, Epimsium, Perimysium, Fascicle, Endomysium, Mus…
Connective tissue sheath surrounding each muscle.
Connective tissue which surrounds each bundle of muscle fibres.
Connective tissue which surrounds each individual muscle fibre.
Structure of a skeletal muscle
Muscle Belly, Epimsium, Perimysium, Fascicle, Endomysium, Mus…
Epimysium
Connective tissue sheath surrounding each muscle.
7 terms
Functional Anatomy
Skeletal Muscle
Sarcomere
Motor Unit
Types of muscles fibres
Epimysium - Surrounds each muscle.... Perimysium - Surrounds ea…
Z - line - At either end of the sarcomere.... Actin - Thin prot…
Nerve - Sends message to the brain (electrical impulse).... Spi…
Type 1 - Slow twitch fibres, red in colour e.g. marathon runn…
Skeletal Muscle
Epimysium - Surrounds each muscle.... Perimysium - Surrounds ea…
Sarcomere
Z - line - At either end of the sarcomere.... Actin - Thin prot…
56 terms
Functional Anatomy
Ventral
dorsal
cranial
caudual
forward (Ie boobs ventral to back) - anterior
back (back dorsal to boobs) - posterior
toward head
toward the feet/tail
Ventral
forward (Ie boobs ventral to back) - anterior
dorsal
back (back dorsal to boobs) - posterior
49 terms
Functional Anatomy
Primitive Streak
Notochord
Ipsilateral
Contralateral
induces gastrulation
induces neurulation
things that happen on same side of body
things that happen on different sides of the body
Primitive Streak
induces gastrulation
Notochord
induces neurulation
75 terms
Functional Anatomy
Pulmonary Pressure vs. Systemic Pressure
What amt of RVFW (right ventricle free…
When does AV valve close?
When does aortic valve open?
Pulmonary Pressure: 1/7 (LOW)... Systemic Pressure: 120/80 (HIGH)
Near 1/3 of RV receives blood supply from left coronary branc…
When ventricular pressure > atrial pressure
When ventricular pressure > aortic pressure
Pulmonary Pressure vs. Systemic Pressure
Pulmonary Pressure: 1/7 (LOW)... Systemic Pressure: 120/80 (HIGH)
What amt of RVFW (right ventricle free…
Near 1/3 of RV receives blood supply from left coronary branc…
44 terms
Functional Anatomy
Three errors of palpation
Muscle's distinguishing features
Tension
Retinaculum
Lack of concentration on what is being palpated; too much mov…
Striation, muscle fiber direction, and ability to contract an…
To differentiate between a ligament and a tendon, what do you…
Can be distinguished by its fiber direction running perpendic…
Three errors of palpation
Lack of concentration on what is being palpated; too much mov…
Muscle's distinguishing features
Striation, muscle fiber direction, and ability to contract an…
27 terms
Functional Anatomy Practical 1
Scapular Elevation
Shoulder Flexion
Shoulder Extension
Shoulder Abduction
ROM: N/A... Primary Mover: Trapezius (upper) [Spinal Accessory C…
ROM: 0-180... Primary Mover: Pectoralis Major (clav. head) [Medi…
ROM: 0-60... Primary Mover: Deltoid (posterior) [Axillary]... Syn.…
ROM: 0-180... Primary Mover: Deltoid (middle) [Axillary]... Syn. Mu…
Scapular Elevation
ROM: N/A... Primary Mover: Trapezius (upper) [Spinal Accessory C…
Shoulder Flexion
ROM: 0-180... Primary Mover: Pectoralis Major (clav. head) [Medi…
38 terms
Functional Anatomy
Contractability
Improving contractability
Extendability
Elasticity
Muscle fibres shortening or decreasing overall length
Can only be done through training, working muscle fibres hard
Ability of muscle to be stretched without damage to the tissue
A muscles ability to give and then return to its original shape
Contractability
Muscle fibres shortening or decreasing overall length
Improving contractability
Can only be done through training, working muscle fibres hard
56 terms
All of Functional Anatomy Muscles
Trapezius Upper Fibers? (Origin, inser…
Trapezius Lower Fibers ? (Origin, inse…
Trapezius Middle Fibers ? (Origin, ins…
Levator scapula? (Origin, insertions,…
Origins: External occipital protuberance, medial 1/3 of the s…
Origin: Spinous processes of the 6th-12th thoracic vertebrae.…
Origins: Spinous processes of the 1-5 thoracic vertebrae.... In…
Origin: Transverse processes of 1-4 cervical vertebrae.... Inse…
Trapezius Upper Fibers? (Origin, inser…
Origins: External occipital protuberance, medial 1/3 of the s…
Trapezius Lower Fibers ? (Origin, inse…
Origin: Spinous processes of the 6th-12th thoracic vertebrae.…
25 terms
Functional Anatomy
types of joints + examples:
origin + insertion
agonist + antagonist
concentric muscle contraction
pivot: radius + ulna... hinge: elbow... saddle: thumb... ball + socket…
origin is the static end... insertion is closest to the end that…
agonist: prime muscle - bicep... antagonist: relaxes - tricep
muscle shortens when applying force. (eg bicep curl)
types of joints + examples:
pivot: radius + ulna... hinge: elbow... saddle: thumb... ball + socket…
origin + insertion
origin is the static end... insertion is closest to the end that…
49 terms
Functional Anatomy
Cartilage basic key features
Name of connective tissue that surroun…
Big thing to remember about cartilage?
7 properties of cartilage
-Is a specialized type of connective tissue.... -Consists, like…
Perichondrium... Outer FIBROUS layer - Inner chondrogenic
AVASCULAR! No vessels or nerves - gets nutrients from surroun…
1) avascular 2) permeable 3) flexible but weight bearing 4) E…
Cartilage basic key features
-Is a specialized type of connective tissue.... -Consists, like…
Name of connective tissue that surroun…
Perichondrium... Outer FIBROUS layer - Inner chondrogenic
Functional Anatomy Exam 1
Fibrous-suture
Cartilaginous
Fibrous-ligamentous
Fibrous-peg in socket
Synarthrodial Joint structure
Ampiarthrodial Joint structure
Syndesmosis Joint structures
Gomphosis Joint structure
Fibrous-suture
Synarthrodial Joint structure
Cartilaginous
Ampiarthrodial Joint structure
33 terms
Brain Functional Anatomy
yellow; primary auditory cortex
yellow; primary olfactory cortex
red; primary motor cortex
dark purple; primary somatosensory cor…
The initial processing of sounds occurs in which colored area…
Initial processing of smell occurs in which colored area of t…
Initiation of voluntary muscle movements occurs in which colo…
Initial processing of sensory information from the skin occur…
yellow; primary auditory cortex
The initial processing of sounds occurs in which colored area…
yellow; primary olfactory cortex
Initial processing of smell occurs in which colored area of t…
Functional Anatomy
During the overhead squat you observe…
Tibial translation will occur during t…
What muscle can contribute to an anter…
What's the natural curvature of the th…
tightness in the pectorals & lattissimus dorsi
there is excessive dorsiflexion of the ankle
rectus femoris
kyphotic curve
During the overhead squat you observe…
tightness in the pectorals & lattissimus dorsi
Tibial translation will occur during t…
there is excessive dorsiflexion of the ankle
56 terms
Functional Anatomy
What is the axial plane also called?
What is the axial plane divided into?
What are the three transverse motions?
What is the coronal plane also called?
Transverse
cephalad (superior)... Caudad (inferior)
Internal (medial) rotation... External (lateral) rotation... Axial…
Frontal
What is the axial plane also called?
Transverse
What is the axial plane divided into?
cephalad (superior)... Caudad (inferior)
17 terms
Functional Anatomy
The lower arm during the test is under…
-Checks glenohumeral instability... -Abdu…
-Patient slowly drops arms from abduct…
-90 degrees shoulder flexion and inter…
Apley scratch test
Apprehension test
Drop arm test
Empty can test
The lower arm during the test is under…
Apley scratch test
-Checks glenohumeral instability... -Abdu…
Apprehension test
Functional Anatomy
how do you align a newborn to allow fo…
how do you align an adult to allow for…
what is the site of most airway resist…
what is the site of most airway resist…
chin to sternum
ear lobe to sternum
the nasal passage
the glottis
how do you align a newborn to allow fo…
chin to sternum
how do you align an adult to allow for…
ear lobe to sternum
7 terms
Functional Anatomy
rectus abdominus... Isolate function: acc…
internal oblique... Isolated Function: ac…
external oblique... Isolated Function: ac…
transverse abdominus... Isolated Function…
rectus abdominus... Isolate function: acc…
internal oblique... Isolated Function: ac…
5 terms
Functional Anatomy
Draw and label the cell wall of a gram…
Draw and label the cell wall of a gram…
What is the main feature that distingu…
Bio-film or glycocaylx
Gram-positive cell walls contain a thick layer of peptidoglyc…
Gram-negative cell walls contain a thin layer of peptidoglyca…
Eukaryotic cells contain membrane-bound organelles, such as t…
capsule of polysaccharides, or a slime layer of glycoproteins…
Draw and label the cell wall of a gram…
Gram-positive cell walls contain a thick layer of peptidoglyc…
Draw and label the cell wall of a gram…
Gram-negative cell walls contain a thin layer of peptidoglyca…
Functional Anatomy Exam 1
Axial Body
Appendicular Body
Supenated
Pronation
skull, middle ear, spine, rib cage, trunk
pectorals, arms, pelvis, legs, feet
anterior aspect of forearm (palms forward, reference position)
posterior aspect of forearm (can see rings)
Axial Body
skull, middle ear, spine, rib cage, trunk
Appendicular Body
pectorals, arms, pelvis, legs, feet
50 terms
Functional Muscle Anatomy Terms
Muscle
Smooth muscle
Cardiac muscle
Skeletal muscle
a tissue that is composed mainly of cells specialized for con…
a nonstriated muscle that contracts without conscious control…
Striated, involuntary muscle found only in the heart
Voluntary, striated muscle that moves bones, works in pairs a…
Muscle
a tissue that is composed mainly of cells specialized for con…
Smooth muscle
a nonstriated muscle that contracts without conscious control…
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