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Study sets matching "functions biology 10"

11 terms
Biology 10 Organelle Functions
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Separates the cell from it's external environment, and is sel…
Organelles are found here and substances like salts may be di…
The control center of the cell, for cell metabolism and repro…
It is the transport system of the cell. They carry materials…
Cell Membrane
Separates the cell from it's external environment, and is sel…
Cytoplasm
Organelles are found here and substances like salts may be di…
10 terms
Biology 10 Life Functions
Food Getting
Digestion
Absorption
Assimilation
Used to acquire energy
Breaking down food to simple molecules
(Transportation) Movement of food & nutrients into a cell
Growing; we need energy to grow (you are what you eat)
Food Getting
Used to acquire energy
Digestion
Breaking down food to simple molecules
14 terms
Biology 10 Brain Functions
Cerebrum(H,T,V)
Cerebrum(I,E)
Cerebrum(M,LM)
Thalamus
Center of hearing, taste, and vision
Center of intellect and emotions
Basic motor functions, learning motor skills
Directs sensory input to cerebrum
Cerebrum(H,T,V)
Center of hearing, taste, and vision
Cerebrum(I,E)
Center of intellect and emotions
11 terms
Functional Biology Chapter 10
Photosynthesis
Light dependent reactions (light react…
Light independent reactions (Calvin cy…
Thylakoid membranes
how plants make sugars, conversion of light energy into chemi…
use light energy to form high energy bond in ATP, and store h…
carbon fixation phase- convert CO2 into simple sugar using AT…
carry pigments and other components for light capturing react…
Photosynthesis
how plants make sugars, conversion of light energy into chemi…
Light dependent reactions (light react…
use light energy to form high energy bond in ATP, and store h…
17 terms
biology 10-organelle's functions
cell membrane
cell wall
nucleus
chromosomes
controls what enters and exits the cell
provides rigidty (plant)
protects cell's DNA/ control center of cell
in nucleus, contains genetic info
cell membrane
controls what enters and exits the cell
cell wall
provides rigidty (plant)
30 terms
Functional Biology Chapter 10
What is the source of atmospheric oxyg…
In the diagram of a chloroplast, which…
In the diagram of a chloroplast, which…
In the diagram of a chloroplast, which…
It is produced via splitting of the water molecules during th…
Outer membrane
Thylakoids
Stroma
What is the source of atmospheric oxyg…
It is produced via splitting of the water molecules during th…
In the diagram of a chloroplast, which…
Outer membrane
61 terms
Functional Biology Ch. 7 to Ch. 10 Review
What is the main difference between Pr…
List 3 structures found in plant cells…
List 2 structures found in animal cell…
Chromosomes
Eukaryotic cells have organelles, Prokaryotic cells do not ha…
Vacuole... Chloroplast... Cell Wall
Centrioles... Lysosomes
Are not Organelles ... Don't have double membranes... Have their ow…
What is the main difference between Pr…
Eukaryotic cells have organelles, Prokaryotic cells do not ha…
List 3 structures found in plant cells…
Vacuole... Chloroplast... Cell Wall
10 terms
10 Life Functions- Riker Biology
Food getting
Digestion
Absorption
Assimilation
able to ingest food and is either an autotroph (nutritionally…
The breaking down of food to simple molecules
Movement of food and nutrients into the cell
Eat food for growth; for repair and replacement of worn out c…
Food getting
able to ingest food and is either an autotroph (nutritionally…
Digestion
The breaking down of food to simple molecules
10 terms
Biology 10: Functions of the Digestive System
Mouth
Esophagus
Stomach
Small Intestine
Chewing breaks down food into smaller pieces, saliva starts t…
Receives food from your mouth, delivers food to the stomach u…
Holds food while being mixed, turns it into simpler substance…
Responsible for absorption of nutrients
Mouth
Chewing breaks down food into smaller pieces, saliva starts t…
Esophagus
Receives food from your mouth, delivers food to the stomach u…
20 terms
Biology - 10 The Structure and Function of DNA
What is Stage 1 of DNA replication?
What is Stage 2 of DNA replication?
What is Stage 3 of DNA replication?
What is Stage 4 of DNA replication?
two strands of parental DNA separate, and each becomes a temp…
the nucleotides are lined up one at a time along the template…
enzymes link the nucleotides to form the new DNA strands
the completed new molecules, identical to the parental molecu…
What is Stage 1 of DNA replication?
two strands of parental DNA separate, and each becomes a temp…
What is Stage 2 of DNA replication?
the nucleotides are lined up one at a time along the template…
16 terms
Cell Structures/Functions--Biology
Lysosome
Mitochondria
Nucleus
Ribosome
breaks down substances
produces energy
contains DNA
makes proteins
Lysosome
breaks down substances
Mitochondria
produces energy
20 terms
Biology 2 Ch 10 Structure and Function of DNA
Watson and Crick
DNA replication
Transcription
Translation
The two biologists who discovered the double helix of DNA.
The process of producing two identical copies from one origin…
The process in a cell by which genetic material is copied fro…
The process by which messenger RNA specifies the sequence of…
Watson and Crick
The two biologists who discovered the double helix of DNA.
DNA replication
The process of producing two identical copies from one origin…
16 terms
Grade 10 Biology - Cell Parts & Functions
Cell Membrane
Diffusion
Osmosis
Cytoplasm
a selectively permeable protective barrier around the cell ma…
a process for moving substances across the cell membrane depe…
the net movement of water specifically, from an area of high…
jelly-like substance (cytosol) that fills the cell and surrou…
Cell Membrane
a selectively permeable protective barrier around the cell ma…
Diffusion
a process for moving substances across the cell membrane depe…
61 terms
Functional Biology Ch. 7 to Ch. 10 Review
What is the main difference between Pr…
List 3 structures found in plant cells…
List 2 structures found in animal cell…
Chromosomes
Eukaryotic cells have organelles, Prokaryotic cells do not ha…
Vacuole... Chloroplast... Cell Wall
Centrioles... Lysosomes
Are not Organelles ... Don't have double membranes... Have their ow…
What is the main difference between Pr…
Eukaryotic cells have organelles, Prokaryotic cells do not ha…
List 3 structures found in plant cells…
Vacuole... Chloroplast... Cell Wall
61 terms
Functional Biology Ch. 7 to Ch. 10 Review
What is the main difference between Pr…
List 3 structures found in plant cells…
List 2 structures found in animal cell…
Chromosomes
Eukaryotic cells have organelles, Prokaryotic cells do not ha…
Vacuole... Chloroplast... Cell Wall
Centrioles... Lysosomes
Are not Organelles ... Don't have double membranes... Have their ow…
What is the main difference between Pr…
Eukaryotic cells have organelles, Prokaryotic cells do not ha…
List 3 structures found in plant cells…
Vacuole... Chloroplast... Cell Wall
45 terms
Biology Cellular Function and Transport Review 10/26
Nucleous
ER and Golgi Body
Mitochondria
Lysosome
Contains nuclear envelope, DNA, nucleolus, and chromatin
Organelles that substances made in the cell pass through
Cells that need a lot of energy require more of this organelle
where old organelles get broken down in the cell
Nucleous
Contains nuclear envelope, DNA, nucleolus, and chromatin
ER and Golgi Body
Organelles that substances made in the cell pass through
55 terms
Biology CH. 10: The Structure and Function of DNA
Molecular biology
Nucleotides
Polynucleotide
Sugar-phosphate backbone
The study of the molecular basis of heredity; molecular genet…
An organic monomer consisting of a five-carbon sugar covalent…
A polymer made up of many nucleotides covalently bonded toget…
The alternating chain of sugar and phosphate to which DNA and…
Molecular biology
The study of the molecular basis of heredity; molecular genet…
Nucleotides
An organic monomer consisting of a five-carbon sugar covalent…
18 terms
Grade 10 Biology Organelles and their Functions
Cell Wall
Cytoplasm
Cell Membrane/Plasma Membrane
Mitochondria
Only in plant cells. Found outside of the cell membrane. It i…
Material located between the nucleus and the cell membrane th…
All cells are surrounded by this flexible membrane that is ma…
Surrounded by a double membrane: the inner membrane is folded…
Cell Wall
Only in plant cells. Found outside of the cell membrane. It i…
Cytoplasm
Material located between the nucleus and the cell membrane th…
16 terms
Biology #10 Cell Membrane Structure and Function
fluid mosaic structure of cell membranes
structure of phospholipid molecules to…
diffusion
Passive transport
a membrane is made of diverse protein molecules embedded in t…
Double bonds in the fatty acid tails of phospholipids create…
The tendency for particles of any kind to spread out evenly i…
The diffusion of a substance across a biological membrane
fluid mosaic structure of cell membranes
a membrane is made of diverse protein molecules embedded in t…
structure of phospholipid molecules to…
Double bonds in the fatty acid tails of phospholipids create…
11 terms
Biology - Chapter 10, Leaf structure and functions
Xylem
Cuticle
Phloem
Upper Epidermis
Carry water into the leaf
A waxy layer that helps protect it from water loss and drying…
Carry food (sugar) out of the leaf
Help protect against water loss and "germs"---- "skin"
Xylem
Carry water into the leaf
Cuticle
A waxy layer that helps protect it from water loss and drying…
11 terms
Biology: Organ Systems Functions
Circulatory System
Digestive System
Endocrine System
Excretory System
Carries nutrients, wastes, hormones, and gases
Extracts and absorbs nutrients from food, removes wastes, mai…
Controls body temperature, metabolism, development, and repro…
Removes wastes from blood; regulates concentration of body fl…
Circulatory System
Carries nutrients, wastes, hormones, and gases
Digestive System
Extracts and absorbs nutrients from food, removes wastes, mai…
16 terms
Cell Structures/Functions--Biology
Lysosome
Mitochondria
Nucleus
Ribosome
breaks down substances
produces energy
contains DNA
makes proteins
Lysosome
breaks down substances
Mitochondria
produces energy
32 terms
Biology 12 Chapter 10: The Structure and Function of DNA
Nucleotides
Polynucleotide
Sugar-phosphate backbone
DNA
Chemical units that make up nucleic acids such as DNA and RNA.
A nucleotide polymer.
Occurs when nucleotides are joined by covalent bonds between…
Deoxyribonucleic acid (deoxyribose sugar).
Nucleotides
Chemical units that make up nucleic acids such as DNA and RNA.
Polynucleotide
A nucleotide polymer.
45 terms
Biology, Ch 10, Structures and Function of DNA
Adenine (A)
AIDS
Anticodon
Bacteriophages
A double-ring nitrogenous base found in DNA and RNA.
- Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome; ... - the late stages of H…
On a tRNA molecule, a specific sequence of three nucleotides…
- A virus that infects bacteria; ... - AKA phage.
Adenine (A)
A double-ring nitrogenous base found in DNA and RNA.
AIDS
- Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome; ... - the late stages of H…
39 terms
Biology 1 Cell Form and Function Chapter 10
Tissue
Organ
Cytoskeleton
Cellular Junctions
Collection of cells that work together to perform a specific…
Two or more tissues that combine and function together (heart…
The shape of cells is determined and maintained by structural…
the connection between neighboring cells; holds cells together
Tissue
Collection of cells that work together to perform a specific…
Organ
Two or more tissues that combine and function together (heart…
70 terms
Ch. 10 - biology - structure & function of DNA
monomers that are used to build nuclei…
polymer formed from nucleotides
type of bond that joins nucleotides
3 components that make up nucleotides
nucleotides
polynucleotides
covalent
phosphate group, 5-carbon sugar, nitrogenous base
monomers that are used to build nuclei…
nucleotides
polymer formed from nucleotides
polynucleotides
20 terms
Biology: Chapter 10 - The Structure and Function of DNA
Nucleotide
DNA
RNA
Sugar-phosphate backbone
Nucleotides are the parts that make up nucleic acids
A double-stranded helical nucleic acid molecule that is capab…
A single-stranded helical nucleic acid molecule that function…
Nucleotides covalently bond together sugars and phosphates bo…
Nucleotide
Nucleotides are the parts that make up nucleic acids
DNA
A double-stranded helical nucleic acid molecule that is capab…
28 terms
Biology Chapter 10: The structure & function of DNA
Nucleotides
Polynucleotide
Sugar-Phosphate backbone
DNA
Chemical units located in DNA & RNA; consists of a sugar mole…
A nucleotide polymer
Forms when nucleotides are joined by covalent bonds between t…
Deoxyribonucleic acid sugar is deoxyribose
Nucleotides
Chemical units located in DNA & RNA; consists of a sugar mole…
Polynucleotide
A nucleotide polymer
11 terms
Biology Quiz Function 10/27/16
Nucleus
Cell Membrane
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Golgi Body
Holds DNA.
Decides what comes in and leaves the cell.
Assembles proteins and lipids.
Manages proteins and lipids for storage or transport out of t…
Nucleus
Holds DNA.
Cell Membrane
Decides what comes in and leaves the cell.
26 terms
Chapter 10, The Structure and Function of DNA , Biology Intro
Nucleotides
DNA Polymers
Transcription
Translation
Are joined by sugar phosphate backbone.
Are enzyme that make covalnet bonds between DNA nucleotides,…
The transfer of genetic information from DNA into an RNA mole…
The transfer of information from RNA into proteins.
Nucleotides
Are joined by sugar phosphate backbone.
DNA Polymers
Are enzyme that make covalnet bonds between DNA nucleotides,…
17 terms
Biology Organelle Function Quiz: 10/13/15
Cytoskeleton
Nucleus
Rough ER
Smooth ER
A network of protein fibers in the cytoplasm of a eukaryoric…
Control center for the cell. Contains DNA and controls the ce…
Makes more cell membrane. Modifies proteins made by ribosomes
Makes lipids
Cytoskeleton
A network of protein fibers in the cytoplasm of a eukaryoric…
Nucleus
Control center for the cell. Contains DNA and controls the ce…
19 terms
Biology Functions
Ribosomes
Centrioles
Endoplasmic reticulum
Rough ER
Produce proteins by following instructions from DNA
Organizes cell division
Assembles proteins and lipids
Produce large amounts of protein
Ribosomes
Produce proteins by following instructions from DNA
Centrioles
Organizes cell division
16 terms
biology functions
Cell membrane
Centrioles
Mitochondria
Lysosomes
Controls what enters and exits the cell
May be involved in organizing the microtubules during cell di…
Converts the energy stored in glucose into ATP
Contains digestive enzymes used to break down and digest vari…
Cell membrane
Controls what enters and exits the cell
Centrioles
May be involved in organizing the microtubules during cell di…
17 terms
Biology - parts and functions of the cell
selective permeability
phospholipid bilayer
transport protein
fluid mosaic model
ability to control movement of substances through the membrane
membrane layers composed of phosphlipids
protein that moves substances or wastes through the plasma me…
plasma membrane with components constantly in motion
selective permeability
ability to control movement of substances through the membrane
phospholipid bilayer
membrane layers composed of phosphlipids
12 terms
Biology CH 10 - DNA Structure and Function
Double helix
Hydrogen bonds
Leading strands
Lagging strands
twisted ladder. Shape of DNA
Hold the rungs (nitrogenous bases)/ steps together
strand produced towards replication fork
strand produced away from replication fork
Double helix
twisted ladder. Shape of DNA
Hydrogen bonds
Hold the rungs (nitrogenous bases)/ steps together
21 terms
Cell Structures and Their Functions - Biology
Cell Wall
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Non-living layer that surrounds some cells such as plant, bac…
A bi-lipid layer that surrounds all cells and controls what e…
The fluid like substance found within cells
Found in Eukaryotic cells and contains DNA - controls functio…
Cell Wall
Non-living layer that surrounds some cells such as plant, bac…
Cell Membrane
A bi-lipid layer that surrounds all cells and controls what e…
16 terms
Cell Structures/Functions--Biology
Lysosome
Mitochondria
Nucleus
Ribosome
breaks down substances
produces energy
contains DNA
makes proteins
Lysosome
breaks down substances
Mitochondria
produces energy
14 terms
Structure and Function of the Heart - AISJ Grade 10 Biology
What is the function of the superior v…
What is the function of the pulmonary…
What is the function of the semilunar…
What is the right Atrium?
To transport deoxygenated blood from upper body to heart.
Carries deoxygenated blood from heart to left and right lung.
Prevents backflow of blood from the artery to ventricle.
Collects blood from the superior vena cava and inferior vena…
What is the function of the superior v…
To transport deoxygenated blood from upper body to heart.
What is the function of the pulmonary…
Carries deoxygenated blood from heart to left and right lung.
8 terms
Biology Functions
ovary (2)
testes (2)
urethra (7)
sperm duct (5)
produce eggs
produce sperm
carry the sperm out of the body
carry sperm from the testes
ovary (2)
produce eggs
testes (2)
produce sperm
11 terms
Biology:Major Organ Systems Functions
Circulatory System
Digestive System
Endocrine System
Excretory System
Transports nutrients, wastes, hormones, and gases
Extracts and absorbs nutrients from food, removes wastes, mai…
Regulates body temperature, metabolism, development, and repr…
Removes wastes from blood; regulates concentration of body fl…
Circulatory System
Transports nutrients, wastes, hormones, and gases
Digestive System
Extracts and absorbs nutrients from food, removes wastes, mai…
63 terms
Functions: BIOLOGY
Made mainly of water; supports organel…
Packages and secretes cell products; p…
Regulates movement of substances in an…
The main "goal" of organelles is to ma…
Cytoplasm
Golgi Body
Cell Membrane
Proteins
Made mainly of water; supports organel…
Cytoplasm
Packages and secretes cell products; p…
Golgi Body
13 terms
Biology Organelle Functions
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Separates the cell from it's external environment, and is sel…
Organelles are found here and substances like salts may be di…
The control center of the cell, for cell metabolism and repro…
It is the transport system of the cell. They carry materials…
Cell Membrane
Separates the cell from it's external environment, and is sel…
Cytoplasm
Organelles are found here and substances like salts may be di…
17 terms
Biology Structure and Function quiz 10-21-16
nucleus
nucleolus
RER
SER
Structure:... - Contains DNA... - Nuclear membrane ... - Nucleolus = m…
Structure:... - Found in Nuclei ... Function:... - Where the assembly…
Structure:... - Folded membranes (Nuclear membrane/Cell membrane…
Structure:... - Attached to the RER... - No Ribosomes/made of folde…
nucleus
Structure:... - Contains DNA... - Nuclear membrane ... - Nucleolus = m…
nucleolus
Structure:... - Found in Nuclei ... Function:... - Where the assembly…
Biology Quiz 10/21 - Cell Structure and Function
What do all cells have?
What type of cells are in the doman Ar…
What type of cells are in the domain B…
What type of cells are in the domain E…
nucleic acids, proteins, carbohydrates, and a plasma membrane
Prokaryotic
Prokaryotic
Eukaryotic
What do all cells have?
nucleic acids, proteins, carbohydrates, and a plasma membrane
What type of cells are in the doman Ar…
Prokaryotic
22 terms
Chapter 10 cell division and function:freshman biology
What happens when a cell divides
Define cell division
What are the phases of mitosis?
Interphase?
It turns into two new daughter cells
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase.
Period of the cell cycle between cell division
What happens when a cell divides
It turns into two new daughter cells
Define cell division
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
15 terms
Biology Functions
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Endoplasmic Retculum
Golgi apparatus
Control Center, stores hereditary information
Area of active DNA use
Internal transport system
Storage and packing materials
Nucleus
Control Center, stores hereditary information
Nucleolus
Area of active DNA use
16 terms
Biology functions
Cell membrane function
Centrosome
Cytoskeleton
Endoplasmic reticulum
The cell membrane is selectively permeable to ions and organi…
Centrosomes are organelles responsible for the organization a…
A networl or long protein strands in the cytosol Helps mainta…
creates and folds proteins and then carries these synthesized…
Cell membrane function
The cell membrane is selectively permeable to ions and organi…
Centrosome
Centrosomes are organelles responsible for the organization a…
20 terms
Biology functions
Cytoskeleton/plasm
Nucleus
Nuclear membrane
Chromosomes/ DNA
Contains all of the organells and cells
Controls the eukaryotic cell/genetics
Enclosed the nucleus
Long term storage of information
Cytoskeleton/plasm
Contains all of the organells and cells
Nucleus
Controls the eukaryotic cell/genetics
9 terms
Biology functions
Nucleus
Cell membrane
Cell wall
Chloroplast
Controls the cell ( plant + animal )
Controls what goes in and out of the cell ( all )
Gives it structure ( plant )
Conducts photosynthesis ( plant )
Nucleus
Controls the cell ( plant + animal )
Cell membrane
Controls what goes in and out of the cell ( all )
11 terms
Biology Functions
Vacole
Nucleus
Chloroplasts
Ribosomes
Stores water, metabolic waste
Central control of body , contains cell DNA
Uses light energy to make carbs and water for photosynthesis
Builds proteins
Vacole
Stores water, metabolic waste
Nucleus
Central control of body , contains cell DNA
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