Study sets matching "functions biology cells chapter 4"

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Study sets matching "functions biology cells chapter 4"

18 terms
Biology Chapter 4 Cells and Functions
chromosomes
nuclear envelope
nucleolus
ribosomes
carry genetic information; chromosomes work with other nuclei…
separates nucleoplasm from cytoplasm; regulates entry and exi…
makes ribosomes, which transcribe information from DNA.
builds proteins
chromosomes
carry genetic information; chromosomes work with other nuclei…
nuclear envelope
separates nucleoplasm from cytoplasm; regulates entry and exi…
Biology Chapter 4: Cell Functions
Cell membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Forms the boundary of the cell; acts as a selective barrier a…
The entire region between the nucleus and the cell membrane;…
Contains most of the genes that control the eukaryotic cell;…
Where the components of the ribosomes are synthesized and ass…
Cell membrane
Forms the boundary of the cell; acts as a selective barrier a…
Cytoplasm
The entire region between the nucleus and the cell membrane;…
130 terms
Academic Biology: Chapter 4 (Structure and Functions of the Cell)
What is a cell?
What elements are cells composed of?
What is the study of cells?
What made the discovery of the cell po…
The smallest unit of matter that can carry all the processes…
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen
Cytology
The development of the microscope
What is a cell?
The smallest unit of matter that can carry all the processes…
What elements are cells composed of?
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen
Chapter 4 Cell Structures & functions Biology Honors
cell
cell theory
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
the smallest unit that can perform all life processes; CELLS…
the THEORY that states that all living things are made up of…
or cell plasma membrane, the cell's outer boundary
the region of the cell within the membrane that includes the…
cell
the smallest unit that can perform all life processes; CELLS…
cell theory
the THEORY that states that all living things are made up of…
22 terms
Biology Chapter 4: Cell Structures and Functions
the cell theory
properties of cells
boundary around cells
organelles
says cells are fundamental units of life (basis of modern bio…
smallest unit of life... can survive on its own and reproduce... hi…
cell membrane or plasma membrane
structures in a cell body
the cell theory
says cells are fundamental units of life (basis of modern bio…
properties of cells
smallest unit of life... can survive on its own and reproduce... hi…
Chapter 4 Cell Structures & functions Biology Honors
cell
cell theory
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
the smallest unit that can perform all life processes; cells…
the theory that states that all living things are made up of…
or cell membrane, the cell's outer boundary
the region of the cell within the membrane that includes the…
cell
the smallest unit that can perform all life processes; cells…
cell theory
the theory that states that all living things are made up of…
Chapter 4 Biology - Cell structure and function
Plasma membrane
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
Nucleus
(a.k.a. cell membrane) covers a cell's surface and acts as a…
Everything inside the cytoskeleton, all organelles, except th…
Does not have skin like a cytoskeleton does. This includes
The membrane bound organelle that contains a cell's DNA. Most…
Plasma membrane
(a.k.a. cell membrane) covers a cell's surface and acts as a…
Cytoplasm
Everything inside the cytoskeleton, all organelles, except th…
Modern Biology Chapter 4 Cell Structure and Function
Cell
Cell Theory
Organelle
Prokaryote
the smallest unit that can perform all life processes; cells…
the theory that states that all living things are made up of…
one of the small bodies that are found in the cytoplasm of a…
a single-celled organism that does not have a nucleus or memb…
Cell
the smallest unit that can perform all life processes; cells…
Cell Theory
the theory that states that all living things are made up of…
43 terms
Biology Chapter 4 Structure & Function of the Cell
Cell
Cell membrane
Cell theory
Nucleus
Membrane-bound structure that is the basic unit of life
The liquid bilayer that forms the outer boundary of a cell
The theory that all living things are made up of cells, that…
in a eukaryotic, the organelle that contains most of the DNA…
Cell
Membrane-bound structure that is the basic unit of life
Cell membrane
The liquid bilayer that forms the outer boundary of a cell
19 terms
Biology Chapter 4 Structure and Functions of a Cell
cell membrane
nucleus
DNA
nucleous
encloses the cell
is the control center of the cell
kept in the nucleus
housed in the nucleus,makes ribisomes
cell membrane
encloses the cell
nucleus
is the control center of the cell
27 terms
Biology EOC CHapter 4 Cell Structure and Function
cell
Cell Membrane
cell wall
chloroplast
The basic unit of all living things that is fundamental to th…
The outer layer of a cell composed of phospholipids and prote…
A rigid structure that provides support and surrounds the cel…
An organelle in plant cells and other eukaryotic photosynthet…
cell
The basic unit of all living things that is fundamental to th…
Cell Membrane
The outer layer of a cell composed of phospholipids and prote…
29 terms
Biology: Chapter 4 - Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
Biology Chapter 4: Cell Function
cell theory
surface area to volume ratio
compound light microscope
transmission electron microscope
that all organisms are composed of cells and that cells are t…
requires that cells be small
use light rays focused by glass lenses
use electrons passing through a specimen and focused by elect…
cell theory
that all organisms are composed of cells and that cells are t…
surface area to volume ratio
requires that cells be small
Biology: Chapter 4 (Structure and Functions of the Cell)
What is a cell?
What is the study of cells?
Who was the first ever scientist to ex…
Who coined the term "cell"?
The smallest unit of matter that can carry all the processes…
Cytology
Robert Hooke;... Cork cells (Non-living cells)
Robert Hooke
What is a cell?
The smallest unit of matter that can carry all the processes…
What is the study of cells?
Cytology
19 terms
Biology H - Chapter 4: Cell Parts and Functions
Cytoplasm
Golgi Apparatus
Smooth ER
Rough ER
contains the organelles of the cell
sorts, packages and labels proteins for transport in and out…
does not have ribosomes attached; responsible for production…
has embedded ribosomes. It is responsible for transporting an…
Cytoplasm
contains the organelles of the cell
Golgi Apparatus
sorts, packages and labels proteins for transport in and out…
60 terms
Cell Biology Chapter 4: Protein Structure & Function
What 3 sets of experiments can be used…
Name 6 model organisms and reasoning w…
Describe the 4 methods used to obtain…
What is fractionation?
1) Extraction ... 2) Sequencing... 3) Visualization
1) Tissue culture: cheap, easy, can harvest cells quickly, ca…
STEP 1 of EXTRACTION: HOMOGENIZATION ... 1) high-frequency soun…
STEP 2: FRACTIONATION... A centrifuge/ultracentrifuge is used to…
What 3 sets of experiments can be used…
1) Extraction ... 2) Sequencing... 3) Visualization
Name 6 model organisms and reasoning w…
1) Tissue culture: cheap, easy, can harvest cells quickly, ca…
21 terms
Biology Chapter 4: Cell Structure and Function
The Cell Theory
Eukaryotic Cell
Prokaryotic Cell
Selectively Permeable
States that all living organisms are composed of cells. They…
Animals and plants, nucleus, membrane bound organelles, large.
Bacteria, nucleoid, small.
Allows only certain molecules and ions to pass through using…
The Cell Theory
States that all living organisms are composed of cells. They…
Eukaryotic Cell
Animals and plants, nucleus, membrane bound organelles, large.
73 terms
Biology~ Chapter 4 Notes "Structure and Function of the Cell"
cell
the light microscope
magnification
resolution
smallest unit of matter that can carry on all life processes
light passes through one or more lenses to produce an enlarge…
quality of making an image appear larger than its actual size
measure of clarity of an image
cell
smallest unit of matter that can carry on all life processes
the light microscope
light passes through one or more lenses to produce an enlarge…
AP Biology Chapter 4 Cell Structure and Function
Actin Filament
Archaean
Bacillus
Basal Body
Component of the cytoskeleton that plays a role in the moveme…
Prokaryotic organisms that are members of the Archaea domain
A rod-shaped bacterium
A cytoplasmic structure that is located at the base of cilia…
Actin Filament
Component of the cytoskeleton that plays a role in the moveme…
Archaean
Prokaryotic organisms that are members of the Archaea domain
33 terms
Biology-Chapter 4 Cell Structure & Function
cell
cell theory
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms
idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
Thin outer boundary of a cell that regulates the traffic of c…
a jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
cell
the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms
cell theory
idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
Gamble - Biology - chapter 4 - Structure and Function of the Cell
Hooke
Van Leeuwenhoek
Schleiden
Schwann
First to see dead cells from a cork plant.
First to see living cells
Stated all plants are composed of cells
Stated all animals are composed of cells
Hooke
First to see dead cells from a cork plant.
Van Leeuwenhoek
First to see living cells
30 terms
Chapter 4 Biology - Cell structure and function
Plasma membrane
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
Nucleus
(a.k.a. cell membrane) covers a cell's surface and acts as a…
Everything inside the cytoskeleton, all organelles, except th…
Does not have skin like a cytoskeleton does. This includes
The membrane bound organelle that contains a cell's DNA. Most…
Plasma membrane
(a.k.a. cell membrane) covers a cell's surface and acts as a…
Cytoplasm
Everything inside the cytoskeleton, all organelles, except th…
Chapter 4 Cell Structures & functions Biology Honors
cell
cell theory
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
the smallest unit that can perform all life processes; cells…
the theory that states that all living things are made up of…
or cell plasma membrane, the cell's outer boundary
the region of the cell within the membrane that includes the…
cell
the smallest unit that can perform all life processes; cells…
cell theory
the theory that states that all living things are made up of…
41 terms
Biology Chapter 4 Structure and Function of Cells
Robert Hooke
Anton Von Leeuwenhoek
Matthias Sehleiden
Theodor Schwann
British scientist - described cork "cells"
Dutch merchant- ground lenses looked at pond water ... -scum: de…
German botanist- 1838- all plants composed of cells
german zoologist- 1839- all animals composed of cells
Robert Hooke
British scientist - described cork "cells"
Anton Von Leeuwenhoek
Dutch merchant- ground lenses looked at pond water ... -scum: de…
Chapter 4 Cell Structures & functions Biology Honors
cell
cell theory
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
the smallest unit that can perform all life processes; CELLS…
the THEORY that states that all living things are made up of…
or cell plasma membrane, the cell's outer boundary
the region of the cell within the membrane that includes the…
cell
the smallest unit that can perform all life processes; CELLS…
cell theory
the THEORY that states that all living things are made up of…
33 terms
Chapter 4 Cell Structures & functions Biology Honors
cell
cell theory
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
the smallest unit that can perform all life processes; cells…
the theory that states that all living things are made up of…
or cell membrane, the cell's outer boundary
the region of the cell within the membrane that includes the…
cell
the smallest unit that can perform all life processes; cells…
cell theory
the theory that states that all living things are made up of…
Modern Biology Chapter 4 Cell Structure and Function
plasma membrane (cell membrane)
cytoplasm
cytosol
nucleus
The cell's outer boundary. Covers a cell's surface and acts l…
The region of the cell that is within the plasma membrane and…
The part of the cytoplasm that includes molecules and small p…
The control center of the cell, it contains DNA. Most functio…
plasma membrane (cell membrane)
The cell's outer boundary. Covers a cell's surface and acts l…
cytoplasm
The region of the cell that is within the plasma membrane and…
Biology Chapter 4 (Cell structure and function)
cell theory
Diffusion
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
In 1855, the German physician Rudolf Virchow completed the __…
is the process by which molecules dissolved in fluids dispers…
each cell is surrounded by an extremely thin, rather fluid me…
consists of all the fluid and structures that lie inside the…
cell theory
In 1855, the German physician Rudolf Virchow completed the __…
Diffusion
is the process by which molecules dissolved in fluids dispers…
Chapter 4 Biology - Cell structure and function
Plasma membrane
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
Nucleus
(a.k.a. cell membrane) covers a cell's surface and acts as a…
Everything inside the cytoskeleton, all organelles, except th…
Does not have skin like a cytoskeleton does. This includes
The membrane bound organelle that contains a cell's DNA. Most…
Plasma membrane
(a.k.a. cell membrane) covers a cell's surface and acts as a…
Cytoplasm
Everything inside the cytoskeleton, all organelles, except th…
24 terms
Biology- Chapter 4: Cell Parts and Functions
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Golgi Apparatus
Cell Membrane
contains the DNA and controls the cell's activities
contains the organelles of the cell
sorts, packages and labels proteins for transport in and out…
Protective layer that that surrounds all cells, controls move…
Nucleus
contains the DNA and controls the cell's activities
Cytoplasm
contains the organelles of the cell
33 terms
Biology-Chapter 4 Cell Structure & Function
cell
cell theory
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms
idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
Thin outer boundary of a cell that regulates the traffic of c…
a jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
cell
the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms
cell theory
idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
32 terms
AP Biology Chapter 4 Cell Structure and Function
Actin Filament
Archaean
Cell Theory
Cell Wall
Component of the cytoskeleton that plays a role in the moveme…
Prokaryotic organisms that are members of the Archaea domain
States that all organisms are made of cells, cells are capabl…
Cellular structure that surrounds a plant, protisan, fungal,…
Actin Filament
Component of the cytoskeleton that plays a role in the moveme…
Archaean
Prokaryotic organisms that are members of the Archaea domain
19 terms
Biology chapter4 Cell Structure and Function
1. ATP
2. ADP
3. Chemosynthesis
4. Photosynthesis
(Adenosine triphosphats) high energy molecule that contains,…
(Adenosine diphosphate) low energy molecule that can be conve…
Process by which ATP is synthesized by using chemicals as an…
Process by which light energy is converted to chemical energy…
1. ATP
(Adenosine triphosphats) high energy molecule that contains,…
2. ADP
(Adenosine diphosphate) low energy molecule that can be conve…
16 terms
Biology Chapter 4 Structure and Function of the Cell Review
What is a cell?
Who discovered cells and coined the na…
Who was the first person to observe li…
What is the first part of the cell the…
The smallest unit of matter that can carry on all of the proc…
English scientist Robert Hooke in 1665 but he only saw dead c…
Dutch microscope maker Anton van Leeuwenhoek in 1673
All living things are made of cells
What is a cell?
The smallest unit of matter that can carry on all of the proc…
Who discovered cells and coined the na…
English scientist Robert Hooke in 1665 but he only saw dead c…
162 terms
Biology Chapter 4: Structure and Function of the Cell
What is a cell?
What do all cells need?
What did Robert Hooke do?
What did Robert Hooke name cells after?
the basic, smallest unit that can carry on all processes of l…
protein
(England 1665) - observed cells in a thin slice of cork, then…
the rooms in a monastery
What is a cell?
the basic, smallest unit that can carry on all processes of l…
What do all cells need?
protein
63 terms
Biology Chapter 4 Cell Structure and Function
Robert Hooke
Leeuwenhoek
Schleiden & Schwann
Virchow
created the term "cell"... look at cell wall remnants... leverage a…
Observe living sperm... Observe protists... called eukaryotic cell…
developed modern cell theory... Cell theory #1-All life is compo…
Cell Theory #3- All cells come from other cells... plagiarized R…
Robert Hooke
created the term "cell"... look at cell wall remnants... leverage a…
Leeuwenhoek
Observe living sperm... Observe protists... called eukaryotic cell…
33 terms
Biology-Chapter 4 Cell Structure & Function
cell
cell theory
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms
idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
Thin outer boundary of a cell that regulates the traffic of c…
a jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
cell
the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms
cell theory
idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
51 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 4 Cell Structure and Function
Cell
Cell Theory
Organelle
Prokaryote
the smallest unit that can perform all life processes; cells…
the theory that states that all living things are made up of…
one of the small bodies that are found in the cytoplasm of a…
a single-celled organism that does not have a nucleus or memb…
Cell
the smallest unit that can perform all life processes; cells…
Cell Theory
the theory that states that all living things are made up of…
69 terms
AP Biology Chapter 4 - Cell Structure and Function
Cell
Cell Theory
Surface-Area-to-Volume-Ratio
Prokaryotic Cells
The smallest unit of living matter
1. All organisms are composed of cells... 2. Cells are the basic…
As cell size decreases, this ratio increases
These cells lack a membrane enclosed nucleus
Cell
The smallest unit of living matter
Cell Theory
1. All organisms are composed of cells... 2. Cells are the basic…
Cell structure and function (Biology Chapter 4)
Nucleus
Nuclear envelope
Chromosomes
Nucleolus
Contains the DNA; keeps the DNA from damaging reactions in th…
Lipid bilayer; controls what goes in and out
Contains DNA and associated proteins; winds around proteins (…
A dense region in the nucleus where subunits of ribosomes are…
Nucleus
Contains the DNA; keeps the DNA from damaging reactions in th…
Nuclear envelope
Lipid bilayer; controls what goes in and out
51 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 4 Cell Structure and Function
Cell
Cell Theory
Organelle
Prokaryote
the smallest unit that can perform all life processes; cells…
the theory that states that all living things are made up of…
one of the small bodies that are found in the cytoplasm of a…
a single-celled organism that does not have a nucleus or memb…
Cell
the smallest unit that can perform all life processes; cells…
Cell Theory
the theory that states that all living things are made up of…
Modern Biology Chapter 4 Cell Structure and Function
Cell
Cell Theory
Organelle
Prokaryote
the smallest unit that can perform all life processes; cells…
the theory that states that all living things are made up of…
one of the small bodies that are found in the cytoplasm of a…
a single-celled organism that does not have a nucleus or memb…
Cell
the smallest unit that can perform all life processes; cells…
Cell Theory
the theory that states that all living things are made up of…
42 terms
Biology Chapter 4: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
diffusion
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
1) every organism is made up of one or more cells... 2) the smal…
the process by which molecules dissolved in fluids disperse f…
consists of a double layer (bilayer) of phospholipids and cho…
consists of all the fluid and structures that lie inside the…
cell theory
1) every organism is made up of one or more cells... 2) the smal…
diffusion
the process by which molecules dissolved in fluids disperse f…
51 terms
Biology Chapter 4 - Cell Structure and Function
Robert Hooke
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Matthias Schleiden
Theodor Schwann
English scientist; discovered nonliving cells in the year 1665
Dutch trader; first person to observe living cells in 1673
German botanist; concluded that all plants are made of cells…
German zoologist; concluded that all animals are made of cell…
Robert Hooke
English scientist; discovered nonliving cells in the year 1665
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Dutch trader; first person to observe living cells in 1673
64 terms
Biology Chapter 4 - Cell Structure and Function
Schleiden and Schwann
1. all organisms are composed of cells…
micrometer; millimeter
large
Who studied cells and came up with the cell theory?
What three parts make up the cell theory?
cell size ranges from one ____ to one ____ (smallest to bigge…
cells need ____ surface area to exchange materials (nutrients…
Schleiden and Schwann
Who studied cells and came up with the cell theory?
1. all organisms are composed of cells…
What three parts make up the cell theory?
Chapter 4- Biology Cell Structure and Function
Cell Walls
Cytoplasm
Organelles
Nucleus
only found in plant cells. This is an outer, protective layer…
The liquid in a cell
structures that carry out specific functions for cells. These…
largest and most distinct organelle. It makes up 5-10% of the…
Cell Walls
only found in plant cells. This is an outer, protective layer…
Cytoplasm
The liquid in a cell
AP Biology Chapter 4- Cell Structure & Function
nucleus
Ribosome
Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)
Smooth ER
contains nuclear envelope, DNA (spread out w/in this as the t…
manufactured in the nucleus; consists of RNA molecs and prote…
stacks of flattened sacs involved in the production of variou…
without ribosomes; responsible for various activities, includ…
nucleus
contains nuclear envelope, DNA (spread out w/in this as the t…
Ribosome
manufactured in the nucleus; consists of RNA molecs and prote…
23 terms
Biology Chapter 4: Cell Structure and Function
Cytoplasm
Ribosome
flagellum
plasma membrane
region of the cell within the membrane that includes the flui…
a cell organelle composed of RNA and protein; the site of pro…
a long hairlike structure that grows out of a cell and enable…
a cell membrane; the cell's outer boundary
Cytoplasm
region of the cell within the membrane that includes the flui…
Ribosome
a cell organelle composed of RNA and protein; the site of pro…
Biology Chapter 4 Cell Structure and Function
Cell
Cell Theory
Organelle
Prokaryote
the smallest unit that can perform all life processes; cells…
the theory that states that all living things are made up of…
one of the small bodies that are found in the cytoplasm of a…
a single-celled organism that does not have a nucleus or memb…
Cell
the smallest unit that can perform all life processes; cells…
Cell Theory
the theory that states that all living things are made up of…
77 terms
Biology Chapter 4: Cell Structure and Function
bacteria
animalcules
cell theory
cell
single-celled organisms that lack a nucleus; prokaryotes
Little animals or microbes, 1st seen in pond water by Leeuenh…
1. Every living organism consists of one or more cells.... 2. Th…
The smallest unit that shows the properties of life; has capa…
bacteria
single-celled organisms that lack a nucleus; prokaryotes
animalcules
Little animals or microbes, 1st seen in pond water by Leeuenh…
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