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Study sets matching "functions biology cells"

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Study sets matching "functions biology cells"

16 terms
Cell Structures/Functions--Biology
Lysosome
Mitochondria
Nucleus
Ribosome
breaks down substances
produces energy
contains DNA
makes proteins
Lysosome
breaks down substances
Mitochondria
produces energy
16 terms
Cell Structures/Functions--Biology
Lysosome
Mitochondria
Nucleus
Ribosome
breaks down substances
produces energy
contains DNA
makes proteins
Lysosome
breaks down substances
Mitochondria
produces energy
16 terms
Cell Structures/Functions--Biology
Lysosome
Mitochondria
Nucleus
Ribosome
breaks down substances
produces energy
contains DNA
makes proteins
Lysosome
breaks down substances
Mitochondria
produces energy
14 terms
Mastering Biology: Cell Functions
Cilia
Nucleus
Golgi Apparatus
All Cells Have
hair-like strings, made of microtubules that can be found anc…
contains the DNA of a eukaryotic cell
A system of membranes that modifies and packages proteins for…
plasma membrane, cytoplasm, DNA
Cilia
hair-like strings, made of microtubules that can be found anc…
Nucleus
contains the DNA of a eukaryotic cell
Cell Biology: Cell Structure and Function
Cells
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane
Nucleus
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
This outermost membrane of a cell separates internal metaboli…
This membrane-bound compartment contains hereditary instructi…
Cells
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
17 terms
Biology - parts and functions of the cell
selective permeability
phospholipid bilayer
transport protein
fluid mosaic model
ability to control movement of substances through the membrane
membrane layers composed of phosphlipids
protein that moves substances or wastes through the plasma me…
plasma membrane with components constantly in motion
selective permeability
ability to control movement of substances through the membrane
phospholipid bilayer
membrane layers composed of phosphlipids
36 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
22 terms
Biology: Cells and Cell Functions
prokaryotic cells
eukaryotic cells
organelles
ribosome
Characteristics:... No nucleus... Bacteria
Characteristics:... Nucleus... Animals, Plants, Fungi, & Protists
small structures in the cytoplasm that do special jobs... Ex: ri…
a cell organelle composed of RNA and protein; the site of pro…
prokaryotic cells
Characteristics:... No nucleus... Bacteria
eukaryotic cells
Characteristics:... Nucleus... Animals, Plants, Fungi, & Protists
15 terms
Biology Cell organalles and functions
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Nuclear Membrane
Ribosomes
The brain, Directs the cells activities
Synthesis Ribosomes, Contains RNA
Protects the Nucleus
Found on ER (rough), Makes Proteins
Nucleus
The brain, Directs the cells activities
Nucleolus
Synthesis Ribosomes, Contains RNA
36 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
21 terms
Cell Structures and Their Functions - Biology
Cell Wall
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Non-living layer that surrounds some cells such as plant, bac…
A bi-lipid layer that surrounds all cells and controls what e…
The fluid like substance found within cells
Found in Eukaryotic cells and contains DNA - controls functio…
Cell Wall
Non-living layer that surrounds some cells such as plant, bac…
Cell Membrane
A bi-lipid layer that surrounds all cells and controls what e…
31 terms
Biology- Cell Structure and Function
cell
cell theory
cell membrane
nucleus
Basic unit of life
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
Control center of the cell. Contains DNA.
cell
Basic unit of life
cell theory
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
28 terms
Biology: Cells and Cell Functions
prokaryotic cells
eukaryotic cells
organelles
organic macromolecules
Characteristics:... No nucleus... Cell wall not cell membrane... Bacte…
Characteristics:... Nucleus... Has cell membrane ... Animals and Plants
small structures in the cytoplasm that do special jobs:... ribos…
Groups of smaller molecules linked together to form larger mo…
prokaryotic cells
Characteristics:... No nucleus... Cell wall not cell membrane... Bacte…
eukaryotic cells
Characteristics:... Nucleus... Has cell membrane ... Animals and Plants
26 terms
Biology: Cell Organelles & Functions
Vacuoles
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Cytoplasm
In plant cells vacuoles also store nutrients, and regulates t…
Found in Eukaryotic cells. DNA is found here, in the chromoso…
Inside the nucleus, this organelle produces ribosomes.
Term for the cell gel - all the organelles float in this.
Vacuoles
In plant cells vacuoles also store nutrients, and regulates t…
Nucleus
Found in Eukaryotic cells. DNA is found here, in the chromoso…
18 terms
Biology Cell Functions
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
Mitochondria
a semi-permeable thin layer of proteins and fats that surroun…
- allows for means of transport for cellular materials like D…
- allows organelles to reside in them. ... - allows movement of…
- converts nutrients stored in glucose to ATP (Adenosine TriP…
Cell Membrane
a semi-permeable thin layer of proteins and fats that surroun…
Cytoplasm
- allows for means of transport for cellular materials like D…
40 terms
biology: cell structure and functions
all organisms are made of 1 or more ce…
phospholipids, cholesterol, proteins
controls what enters and leaves the cell
selectively permeable
state the cell theory.
what are cell membranes made of?
what is the cell membrane's function?
what do we call membranes that allow certain molecules to pas…
all organisms are made of 1 or more ce…
state the cell theory.
phospholipids, cholesterol, proteins
what are cell membranes made of?
23 terms
Biology Cell Functions
Nucleus
Cell Membrane
Chloroplast
Nucleolus
Controls Cell Function ... (both animal & plant cell
Protects & lets certain things in & out of cell... Has a Phospho…
Converts sunlight to glucose ... (plants only)
Uses DNA to convert to proteins with ribosomes inside of the…
Nucleus
Controls Cell Function ... (both animal & plant cell
Cell Membrane
Protects & lets certain things in & out of cell... Has a Phospho…
28 terms
Biology cell parts and functions
Prokaryotic
Eukaryotic
Nucleus
Nucleolus
cell with no nucleus, DNA floats in cytoplasm
cell with nucleus where DNA is stored and cells are highly sp…
most prominent structure in center of the cell, controls cell…
contains ribosomal RNA inside of the nucleus, involved in ass…
Prokaryotic
cell with no nucleus, DNA floats in cytoplasm
Eukaryotic
cell with nucleus where DNA is stored and cells are highly sp…
35 terms
Biology cell parts and functions
Prokaryotic
Eukaryotic
Endomembrane system
Binary fission
cell with no nucleus, DNA floats in cytoplasm
cell with nucleus where DNA is stored and cells are highly sp…
eukaryotic cells have many membranes enclosing different orga…
reproduction of bacteria, asexual
Prokaryotic
cell with no nucleus, DNA floats in cytoplasm
Eukaryotic
cell with nucleus where DNA is stored and cells are highly sp…
41 terms
Cell Biology: Cell Structure and Function
Cells
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane
Nucleus
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
This outermost membrane of a cell separates internal metaboli…
This membrane-bound compartment contains hereditary instructi…
Cells
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
10 terms
Biology-Functions of a cell
Absorption
digestion
respiration
excretion
the transport of dissolved substances into cells
the breakdown of absorbed substances
the breakdown of food molecules with a release of energy
the removal of soluble waste materials
Absorption
the transport of dissolved substances into cells
digestion
the breakdown of absorbed substances
13 terms
Animal Cell Functions - Biology
Golgi
Mitochondria
Centrioles
Cell Membrane
modifies, sorts and packages proteins either for storage or t…
powerhouse; site of cellular respiration
important to cell division
"gatekeeper" and maintains shape and regulates what goes in a…
Golgi
modifies, sorts and packages proteins either for storage or t…
Mitochondria
powerhouse; site of cellular respiration
23 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
15 terms
Biology Cell Functions
organelles
cell membrane
nucleus
nucleolus
cell membrane, nucleus, nucleolus, cytoplasm, mitochondrion/m…
creates separate internal environment from external environme…
Control center of cell, "the brain" that contains DNA
begins assembly of ribosomes
organelles
cell membrane, nucleus, nucleolus, cytoplasm, mitochondrion/m…
cell membrane
creates separate internal environment from external environme…
32 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
24 terms
Biology: Functions of Cell
nucleus
vacuoles and vesicles
lysosomes
cytoskeleton
contains DNA; cellular control center; (eukaryotes)
store materials (eukaryote)
sac filed with digestive chemicals; break down and recycle ma…
maintains cell shapes and helps cells move (eukaryotes)
nucleus
contains DNA; cellular control center; (eukaryotes)
vacuoles and vesicles
store materials (eukaryote)
33 terms
CELL BIOLOGY: Functions of cell parts
Nucleus
The nucleolus
Chromatin
Rough endoplasmic reticulum
chromosomes consisting of DNA associated with histone protein…
The dark region of chromatin involved with making ribosomes.
Uncoiled chromosomes spread through the nucleus, found in the…
Consists of flattened membrane sacs called cisternae, which h…
Nucleus
chromosomes consisting of DNA associated with histone protein…
The nucleolus
The dark region of chromatin involved with making ribosomes.
24 terms
Biology Cell Functions
cell membrane
nucleus
vacuole
nucleolus
regulates what enters and leaves the cell; provides protectio…
controls most cell processes and contains hereditary informat…
stores nutrients
gives orders to other cell parts
cell membrane
regulates what enters and leaves the cell; provides protectio…
nucleus
controls most cell processes and contains hereditary informat…
67 terms
Biology Cells & Functions
What are the three parts of Cell Theory?
What is the difference between prokary…
What types of cells are Bacteria made…
Which kingdoms have eukaryotic cells?
1. All living things are made of cells... 2. Cells are the basic…
Prokaryotes - no membrane - bound nucleus or organelles... Eurk…
Prokaryotic cells
animal, plants, protista, fungi
What are the three parts of Cell Theory?
1. All living things are made of cells... 2. Cells are the basic…
What is the difference between prokary…
Prokaryotes - no membrane - bound nucleus or organelles... Eurk…
21 terms
Biology, Cell Parts and functions
cell membrane
cytoplasm
cytoskeleton
centrioles
a lipid bilayer, controls what enters and exits the cell
gel like substance that contains all the organelles
protein fibers that supports the cell and helps position and…
cylinder shape organelles that help with splitting DNA in cel…
cell membrane
a lipid bilayer, controls what enters and exits the cell
cytoplasm
gel like substance that contains all the organelles
29 terms
PAHS Biology Cell Parts and Functions
flagella
nucleolus
nucleus
mitochondria
long whip-like structure that provides for cell movement
produces Ribosomes
control center for the cell
powerhouse of the cell, generates ATP for cellular energy
flagella
long whip-like structure that provides for cell movement
nucleolus
produces Ribosomes
57 terms
Biology Cell organelles and functions
What are cells?
What did Hooke study?
What scientists came up with the cell…
What is the cell theory
cells are the basic unit of life
He looked at a cork and found cells. He was the first person…
Schleiden, Shwan and Virchow
-All living things are made up of cells... -All cells come from…
What are cells?
cells are the basic unit of life
What did Hooke study?
He looked at a cork and found cells. He was the first person…
27 terms
Biology: Cell Organelles and Functions
cell membrane
prokaryotic cell
eukaryotic cell
nucleolus
Composed of a phospholipid bilayer with hydrophobic tails and…
"Before nucleus." Lacks nucleus or any organelles. Example: b…
"True nucleus." Contains nucleus and other organelles. Exampl…
Found within nucleus. Composed of densely packed proteins and…
cell membrane
Composed of a phospholipid bilayer with hydrophobic tails and…
prokaryotic cell
"Before nucleus." Lacks nucleus or any organelles. Example: b…
9 terms
Biology - Cell Structure Function
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Cytoplasm
Vacuole
Membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm of the cell. It control…
Encloses the entire plant cell, including cell membrane. It p…
Part between the cell membrane and the nucleus. It is where c…
Fluid-filled space enclosed by a membrane, storing vital subs…
Cell Membrane
Membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm of the cell. It control…
Cell Wall
Encloses the entire plant cell, including cell membrane. It p…
36 terms
Biology- Cell Structure & Function
cell
cell theory
nucleus
eukaryote
collection of living matter enclosed by a barrier, the basic…
idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
the structure which contains the cell's genetic material (DNA…
organism whose cells contain nuclei
cell
collection of living matter enclosed by a barrier, the basic…
cell theory
idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
30 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
prokaryotic cell
eukaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell that has a nucleus and other membrane-bound organelles.
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
30 terms
Cell Functions/ Cancer Biology/ Stem cells
Osmosis
Diffusion
Active Transport
Facilitated Diffusion
movement of water across a semi-permeable membrane from high…
movement of small non-polar molecules across a cell membrane…
movement of large or charged molecules across a cell membrane…
movement of small polar or charged molecules across a cell me…
Osmosis
movement of water across a semi-permeable membrane from high…
Diffusion
movement of small non-polar molecules across a cell membrane…
14 terms
Biology - Cell Structures & Functions
Cell Wall
Centrioles
Chloroplast
Cilia
An inflexible barrier that provides support and protects the…
Organelles that occur in pairs and are important for cell div…
A double-membrane organelle with thylakoids containing chloro…
Projections from cell surfaces that aid in locomotion and fee…
Cell Wall
An inflexible barrier that provides support and protects the…
Centrioles
Organelles that occur in pairs and are important for cell div…
21 terms
Biology: Cell Organelles' Functions
cell membrane
mitochondria
ribosome
endoplasmic reticulum
semi-primiable boundary
powerhouse; energy
protein synthesis; protein factory
transports substances
cell membrane
semi-primiable boundary
mitochondria
powerhouse; energy
22 terms
Cell Structures/Functions--Biology
Lysosome
Mitochondria
Nucleus
Ribosome
breaks down substances
produces energy
contains DNA
makes proteins
Lysosome
breaks down substances
Mitochondria
produces energy
10 terms
Advanced Biology Cell Functions
Nucleus
DNA
Ribosomes
Endoplasmic Reticulum
MAIN OFFICE; contains genetic info, tells organelles what to do
MANAGER; directs organelles, use it to make proteins
ASSEMBLY WORKERS; build proteins
PRODUCTION LINE; finish proteins
Nucleus
MAIN OFFICE; contains genetic info, tells organelles what to do
DNA
MANAGER; directs organelles, use it to make proteins
15 terms
Biology Cell organalles and functions
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Nuclear Membrane
Ribosomes
The brain, Directs the cells activities
Synthesis Ribosomes, Contains RNA
Protects the Nucleus
Found on ER (rough), Makes Proteins
Nucleus
The brain, Directs the cells activities
Nucleolus
Synthesis Ribosomes, Contains RNA
9 terms
Biology - Cells - Organelle Functions
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Nucleus
Ribosomes
Thin, flexible boundary of a cell. This maintains the interna…
The semi-rigid, protective structure outside the cell membran…
Only contained in eukaryotes, not prokaryotes. This encloses…
Very, very small units, which build up proteins from their bu…
Cell Membrane
Thin, flexible boundary of a cell. This maintains the interna…
Cell Wall
The semi-rigid, protective structure outside the cell membran…
18 terms
Biology:cells and their functions
shape
amyloplast
cell membrane
cell wall
most plant cells are squarish or rectangular in shape.
(starch storage organelle)- an organelle in some plant cells…
the thin layer of protein and fat that surrounds the cell, bu…
a thick, rigid membrane that surrounds a plant cell. This lay…
shape
most plant cells are squarish or rectangular in shape.
amyloplast
(starch storage organelle)- an organelle in some plant cells…
41 terms
Cell Biology: Cell Structure and Function
Cells
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane
Nucleus
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
This outermost membrane of a cell separates internal metaboli…
This membrane-bound compartment contains hereditary instructi…
Cells
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
16 terms
Biology- cell parts/functions
cell wall
chloroplast
cilia/flagella
cytoplasm
Supports and protects the cell. Found on the very outside of…
The location where the energy of sunlight is captured inside…
Can move individual cells or move substances over the surface…
Made mostly of water and dissolved molecules. Many chemical r…
cell wall
Supports and protects the cell. Found on the very outside of…
chloroplast
The location where the energy of sunlight is captured inside…
21 terms
Biology: Cell functions
Mitochondria
Ribosomes
Golgi Apparatus
Smooth Endoplasmic reticulum
Called the powerhouse of the cell. Where a cell get's all it'…
Assembles amino acids to make proteins
A system of membranes that modifies and packages proteins for…
makes lipids and helps remove harmful substances from the cel…
Mitochondria
Called the powerhouse of the cell. Where a cell get's all it'…
Ribosomes
Assembles amino acids to make proteins
19 terms
Biology - Cell Parts/Functions
Cilia
Flagella
Cell Membrane
DNA
help cell move in animal cell; small and may of them
help cell move in prokaryotic and animal cell; usually one or…
controls what goes in and out of the cell
contains genetic info to code for proteins and control the cell
Cilia
help cell move in animal cell; small and may of them
Flagella
help cell move in prokaryotic and animal cell; usually one or…
Biology Cell Functions
Golgi Apparatus
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
Nucleolus
Lysosomes
Stack of flat, membrane- enclosed spaces containing enzymes t…
Without ribosomes
Make up centrioles
Organelle that contains enzymes
Golgi Apparatus
Stack of flat, membrane- enclosed spaces containing enzymes t…
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
Without ribosomes
24 terms
Biology Cell Functions Set
Cells
Make energy, Make Proteins, Make more…
Unicellular
Multicellular
The smallest fundamental units of life
What are the three jobs of cells
A living organism made up of one cell
A living organism made up of multiple cells
Cells
The smallest fundamental units of life
Make energy, Make Proteins, Make more…
What are the three jobs of cells
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