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Study sets matching "functions biology cells"

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Study sets matching "functions biology cells"

8 terms
Biology - Cells and their functions
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Cell membrane
Mitochondria
Contains genetic material, which controls the activities of t…
Most chemical processes take place here, controlled by enzymes.
Controls the movement of substances into and out of the cell.
Most energy is released and respiration happens here.
Nucleus
Contains genetic material, which controls the activities of t…
Cytoplasm
Most chemical processes take place here, controlled by enzymes.
8 terms
Biology | Cells | Functions of Life
Nutrition
Metabolism
Extretion
Growth
when energy is obtained from the environment for growth and r…
physical and chemical processes occurring in living organism
getting rid of waste metabolic products
increase of dry mass and size increase
Nutrition
when energy is obtained from the environment for growth and r…
Metabolism
physical and chemical processes occurring in living organism
29 terms
Biology - Functions of cell structures
cell membrane - what is it
cell membrane - function
ribosomes - what is it
ribosomes - function
very thin layer surrounding the cell
controls the passage of chemicals and molecules in and out of…
very small dark dots
where proteins and enzymes are made
cell membrane - what is it
very thin layer surrounding the cell
cell membrane - function
controls the passage of chemicals and molecules in and out of…
15 terms
Biology Cell Functions
Cell membrane
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Cytoplasm
Control what enters and leaves the cell
Control center of the cell, stores genetic info
Creates ribosomes
Suspends organelles, contains nutrients and other materials
Cell membrane
Control what enters and leaves the cell
Nucleus
Control center of the cell, stores genetic info
17 terms
Biology--Cell Organelles and Functions
Plasma (cell) membrane
Nucleus
Chromatin
Nucleous
(cantaloupe skin) separates the inside of the cell from the o…
(KIwi) Contains all the information for making the cell produ…
(Blue squiggley candy) DNA and protein which contain genetic…
(Raspberry candy)Making ribosomes
Plasma (cell) membrane
(cantaloupe skin) separates the inside of the cell from the o…
Nucleus
(KIwi) Contains all the information for making the cell produ…
21 terms
CELL BIOLOGY: functions of life
Metabolism
Response
Homeostasis
Growth
All the chemical pathways that take place in the cell to buil…
Reactions given to stimuli to help survival
Maintaining a constant internal environment
Increasing the cell size or number of cells
Metabolism
All the chemical pathways that take place in the cell to buil…
Response
Reactions given to stimuli to help survival
37 terms
Biology Cell Structures and Functions
Lysosomes
Cytoplasm
Golgi Apparatus
Mitochondria
An organelle that would more likely be found in an animal cell
Supports organelles- a colloid
Packages and exports hormones, enzymes, and proteins
Burns sugar to produce ATP
Lysosomes
An organelle that would more likely be found in an animal cell
Cytoplasm
Supports organelles- a colloid
43 terms
Biology Cell structure and Functions
whats the cell theory
organisms made of one cell
example of organism made of one cell
organisms made of many cells
all living things are composed of cells ... cells are the basic…
unicellular
bacteria
mutlicellular
whats the cell theory
all living things are composed of cells ... cells are the basic…
organisms made of one cell
unicellular
16 terms
Biology: Cell Parts and Functions
cytoskeleton
membrane
microtubules/microfilaments
ribosomes/rough ER
gives cell shape and anchors organelle
protects cell and selects what enters and exits
anchor organelle (structural support)
synthesize proteins
cytoskeleton
gives cell shape and anchors organelle
membrane
protects cell and selects what enters and exits
9 terms
Honors Biology- Cell Functions
Nucleus (Function)
Mitochondria (function)
Lysosome (function)
Cell Membrain (function)
It controls the activity of the cell, the brain
Uses stored food to make energy
Digests worn out or extra food particles and they eat viruses…
Filters what comes in and out of cell
Nucleus (Function)
It controls the activity of the cell, the brain
Mitochondria (function)
Uses stored food to make energy
17 terms
Biology-Cell Structure and Functions
Ribosomes
Nucleolus
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
Golgi Apparatus
Makes protein for the cell
Holds RNA
contains enzymes, no ribosomes, and site of lipid synthesis
Sends proteins in and out of cell using vesicles
Ribosomes
Makes protein for the cell
Nucleolus
Holds RNA
9 terms
Cell structures and functions - biology
Cell membrane (plasma membrane)
Mitochondria
Cell wall
Vacuole
Controls what enters and leaves the cell... Semi permeable / sel…
Site of aerobic respiration (provides energy)
Made of cellulose... Lies outside the cell membrane ... Provides st…
Fluid filled space surrounded by a membrane ... Contains cell sa…
Cell membrane (plasma membrane)
Controls what enters and leaves the cell... Semi permeable / sel…
Mitochondria
Site of aerobic respiration (provides energy)
18 terms
Biology Cell Structures and Functions
Nucleus
Free Ribosomes
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
Controls what proteins are produced and function of cell
synthesizes proteins to function in the cytoplasm for use wit…
synthesizes proteins which are transported, by vesicles, to t…
Synthesizes and transports lipids and steroid products of the…
Nucleus
Controls what proteins are produced and function of cell
Free Ribosomes
synthesizes proteins to function in the cytoplasm for use wit…
14 terms
Biology Cell Functions Quiz
nucleus
nucleolus
vacuoles
vesicles
contains dna with coded instructions for making proteins
makes ribosomes in the nucleus
stores excess materials such as water, carbohydrates, salts,…
store and move materials between cell organelles and to and f…
nucleus
contains dna with coded instructions for making proteins
nucleolus
makes ribosomes in the nucleus
15 terms
Biology- Cells, Diffusio , Functions
Receptor
Intra Cellular
Membrane Receptor
Passive Transport
A protein that will bond with a ligand and properly respond t…
A receptor inside the cell, bound by molecules that cross the…
Bind to molecules thar can't enter the cell, then transmits a…
When molecules move from high concentration to low concentrat…
Receptor
A protein that will bond with a ligand and properly respond t…
Intra Cellular
A receptor inside the cell, bound by molecules that cross the…
15 terms
Biology- cell organelles and functions
Cell membrane
Cell wall
Chlorophyll
chloroplasts
Thin, flexible barrier around the cell; regulates what enters…
Provides support and protection for plant cells
The green pigment found in plants
Use the energy from sunlight to make energy-rich food molecul…
Cell membrane
Thin, flexible barrier around the cell; regulates what enters…
Cell wall
Provides support and protection for plant cells
137 terms
Biology structure and function of the cell
Cells
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen
Cells
Cytology
The smallest unit of matter that can carry on all the process…
Cells are made from chemical elements such as ____,____,___,…
All living things are made from one or more ________
The study of cells
Cells
The smallest unit of matter that can carry on all the process…
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen
Cells are made from chemical elements such as ____,____,___,…
16 terms
Biology functions of a cell
The nucleus
The nuclear envelope
The nucleolus
Ribosomes
Contains most of the cell's DNA
Has pores that allow material to flow in and out of the nucleus
The site of ribosomal RNA synthesis
Involved in the cell's protein synthesis
The nucleus
Contains most of the cell's DNA
The nuclear envelope
Has pores that allow material to flow in and out of the nucleus
10 terms
Biology- Cell Structure and Functions
Plasma Membrane
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
Golgi Apparatus
Outer boundary of cells made of a phospholipid layer that con…
Site for lipid and carbohyrate metabolism, including hormone…
Site of protein synthesis, also synthesises new membranes gro…
Where proteins are packaged into membrane bound vesicles befo…
Plasma Membrane
Outer boundary of cells made of a phospholipid layer that con…
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
Site for lipid and carbohyrate metabolism, including hormone…
35 terms
Biology- Cells and Their Functions
Vacuoles
Lysosomes
Nucleus
Vesicles
Stores materials including water, waste, nutrients, and food.
Break down and recycle waste materials that clutter the cell.
Controls all of the cell's activities.
Transports materials in and out of the cell and around the ce…
Vacuoles
Stores materials including water, waste, nutrients, and food.
Lysosomes
Break down and recycle waste materials that clutter the cell.
32 terms
Cell Functions Biology Quiz
What cell contains cholorplast
What cell contains cytoskeletons
What cell contains flagellum/cilia
What cell contains Golgi Apparatus
Plant Cell
both
Animal Cell
both
What cell contains cholorplast
Plant Cell
What cell contains cytoskeletons
both
40 terms
Biology Cell Parts and Functions
Cytoskeleton
Microtubules
Microfilaments (Actin)
Intermediate Filament
This includes microtubules, microfilaments (Actin), and Inter…
structure and support of the cell; form tracks for organelles…
changes the cell shape; contraction; movement of cell
hold cell parts together in network
Cytoskeleton
This includes microtubules, microfilaments (Actin), and Inter…
Microtubules
structure and support of the cell; form tracks for organelles…
17 terms
Biology- Functions of Cell Parts
nucleus
rough endoplasmic reticulum
smooth endoplasmic reticulum
golgi body
controls the eating, movement, and reproduction of the cell;…
membrane structure that contains ribosomes to make proteins
membrane structure that produces steroids, fatty acids, and l…
receives and distributes products throughout the cell via ves…
nucleus
controls the eating, movement, and reproduction of the cell;…
rough endoplasmic reticulum
membrane structure that contains ribosomes to make proteins
13 terms
Biology Cell Structures and Functions
Cell Wall
Centriole
Chloroplast ... Solar powered ... power plant
Cytoplasm... Space around buildings
Description-(Plant Cell) Rigid outer layer... Function-Support,…
Description-(Animal Cell) Bundles tubules... Function-Assist in…
Description-(Plant Cell) Green oval or bean shaped... Function-C…
Description-Clear Jelly like (cytosol)... Function-Fill space be…
Cell Wall
Description-(Plant Cell) Rigid outer layer... Function-Support,…
Centriole
Description-(Animal Cell) Bundles tubules... Function-Assist in…
Biology Cell Functions
Cell wall
Ribosomes
Cell membrane
Flagellum
Surrounds the cell membrane and helps support and protect the…
Where proteins are made
Separates the cell from external environments and is selectiv…
A long whip like projection that helps with movement or locom…
Cell wall
Surrounds the cell membrane and helps support and protect the…
Ribosomes
Where proteins are made
16 terms
Biology Cell Parts Functions
chloroplast
golgi apparatus
vacuole
microtubules
stores solar energy
modifies proteins
stores water
made of cytoskeletal material that maintains cell shape
chloroplast
stores solar energy
golgi apparatus
modifies proteins
20 terms
Biology Test- Cell Functions
Plasma membrane layers composed of pho…
Property of the plasma membrane that a…
Diffusion of water across a selectivel…
Net movement of particles from an area…
Phospholipid bilayer
Selective Permeability
Osmosis
Diffusion
Plasma membrane layers composed of pho…
Phospholipid bilayer
Property of the plasma membrane that a…
Selective Permeability
25 terms
Biology- Cells; locations and functions
cell membrane
cytoplasm
nucleus
nuclear envelope (membrane)
location- outside of cell; surrounds the cell... function- contr…
location- outside the nucleus (space between nucleus and cell…
location- center of cell... function- powerhouse of the cell; st…
location- surrounds the nucleus... function- protects the nucleu…
cell membrane
location- outside of cell; surrounds the cell... function- contr…
cytoplasm
location- outside the nucleus (space between nucleus and cell…
Cell Functions
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Cytoskeleton
Nucleus
outer membrane of cell that controls movement in and out of t…
supports and protects cells (plant cell)
network of filaments [like skeletons] that maintains shape, h…
largest organelles, directs all cell activities, contains gen…
Cell Membrane
outer membrane of cell that controls movement in and out of t…
Cell Wall
supports and protects cells (plant cell)
25 terms
biology microscope functions and cells
diaphragm
tube
ribosomes
Lysosome
on the bottom of the stage and it alters the light coverage
connects the eyepiece to the thingy. it carries the image to…
makes proteins for the cell and body . found in animal and pl…
breaks apart organic compounds and cleans the cell... balls in r…
diaphragm
on the bottom of the stage and it alters the light coverage
tube
connects the eyepiece to the thingy. it carries the image to…
16 terms
Cell Biology - Structure & Function of Organelles
Cell Wall
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
Nuclear Membrane
Outer layer of the cell that supports and protects the cell.…
A thin, flexible barrier around the cell; controls what subst…
Contains DNA - The control center/brain of the cell.
Surrounds the nucleus; controls what goes in and out of the n…
Cell Wall
Outer layer of the cell that supports and protects the cell.…
Cell Membrane
A thin, flexible barrier around the cell; controls what subst…
15 terms
Science Cell Biology- Function
cell wall
cell membrane
cytoplasm
nucleus
protects and supports the cell
protects the cell, performs active, transports and passive tr…
pads and supports organelles inside the cell. Moves by cyclosis
controls all of the cells activities
cell wall
protects and supports the cell
cell membrane
protects the cell, performs active, transports and passive tr…
25 terms
Biology Unit 3 Cells Structure and Functions
ctyo
endo
iso
hypo
cell
within
equal
below
ctyo
cell
endo
within
42 terms
BIOLOGY -CELLS AND ORGANELLES(functions)
Respiration
Reproduction
Regulation
Growth
Convert food to energy
Ability for a species to create more of their own kind
Ability to maintain internal balance(homeostasis)
Increase in size
Respiration
Convert food to energy
Reproduction
Ability for a species to create more of their own kind
18 terms
Biology Cell Structures and Functions
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Location: external boundary of cell... Description: double laye…
Location: outside cell membrane... Description: made of cellulo…
Location: center of cell... Description: large oval, may contai…
Location: inside nucleus... Description: membrane inside nucleu…
Cell Membrane
Location: external boundary of cell... Description: double laye…
Cell Wall
Location: outside cell membrane... Description: made of cellulo…
17 terms
Biology cell functions
What is the function of the vacuole?
What is the function of the mitochondr…
What is the function of the ribosome?
What is the function of the Endoplasmi…
Acts as a storage unit
Gives energy to the cell
Given instruction to make and assemble proteins
Have ribosomes
What is the function of the vacuole?
Acts as a storage unit
What is the function of the mitochondr…
Gives energy to the cell
14 terms
Biology cell parts/functions
State the cell theory
what is the major difference between p…
pancreatic cells produce a lot of dige…
what is the function of the cytoskeleton
-all living thins are composed of one or more cells... - cells c…
prokaryotes DO NOT have a nucleus ... eukaryotes DO have a nucleus
golgi bodies
creates a rigid structure which helps to support the cell and…
State the cell theory
-all living thins are composed of one or more cells... - cells c…
what is the major difference between p…
prokaryotes DO NOT have a nucleus ... eukaryotes DO have a nucleus
14 terms
Biology cell functions
ribosomes
golgi apparatus
mitochondria
smooth endoplasmic reticulum
makes proteins
packages and ships macromolecules
makes atp (adenosine triphosphate)
makes lipids, transports them
ribosomes
makes proteins
golgi apparatus
packages and ships macromolecules
16 terms
Biology Cell Functions
Nucleus
Lysosome
Nucleolus
Centrioles
Controls oranganelles functions and enclosed by membrane
Breaks down all four macromolecules and breaks down old organ…
Ribosome are made there
Takes spindle fibers in mitosis and spreads them apart. Only…
Nucleus
Controls oranganelles functions and enclosed by membrane
Lysosome
Breaks down all four macromolecules and breaks down old organ…
22 terms
Biology - Cell Organelles Functions
Cell Wall
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
Nucleolus
shape and protect the cell
control movement of materials into and out of the cell
heredity and cellular control
ribosome production
Cell Wall
shape and protect the cell
Cell Membrane
control movement of materials into and out of the cell
Biology - Cell Structure & Functions
cell membrane location
cell membrane location in a plant cell
nucleus location
nucleolus location
surrounds the cell
just inside the cell wall
near center of cell
inside nucleus
cell membrane location
surrounds the cell
cell membrane location in a plant cell
just inside the cell wall
22 terms
Biology Cell Functions
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Ribosomes
Cytoskeleton
Permeable ; lets things go in and out; aids in homeostasis
Semi-fluid material in which organelles float; helps insulate…
Makes/synthesizes proteins; either free-floating or attached…
Proteins that support cells; made of microtubials and microfi…
Cell Membrane
Permeable ; lets things go in and out; aids in homeostasis
Cytoplasm
Semi-fluid material in which organelles float; helps insulate…
31 terms
Biology Cell Labeling and Functions
What is a prokaryote?
What is an eukaryote?
What is the function of plasma membrane?
What is the function of the cell wall?
Lacks organelles with membranes. No true nucleus. Most are un…
Has membrane bound organelles. Has a true nucleus. Usually mu…
Serves as a boundary between the cell and its external enviro…
Surrounds the plasma membrane of the cells and serves as a ba…
What is a prokaryote?
Lacks organelles with membranes. No true nucleus. Most are un…
What is an eukaryote?
Has membrane bound organelles. Has a true nucleus. Usually mu…
10 terms
Biology Functions Cell Parts
Vacuole
Nucleus
Chloroplasts
Ribosomes
Stores water and other toxic materials
Where the DNA is located (Stores information)
Use light energy to make carbohydrates and the site of photos…
Tiny organelles that make proteins
Vacuole
Stores water and other toxic materials
Nucleus
Where the DNA is located (Stores information)
11 terms
Biology Cell: Functions
lysosomes
smooth E.R.
cell membrane
Golgi Body
suicide sacks
lacks ribosomes,acts as a path way through the cytoplasm, tra…
determins what comes in and out of cell
packeges protiens
lysosomes
suicide sacks
smooth E.R.
lacks ribosomes,acts as a path way through the cytoplasm, tra…
15 terms
biology cell functions
chloroplasts
plasma membrane
cell wall
cytoplasm
photosythnesis
protects the cell
provides security to the plant cell
supports organelles
chloroplasts
photosythnesis
plasma membrane
protects the cell
11 terms
Biology cell functions
Nucleus (control room)
DNA/Chromosomes (Factory Manager)
Ribosomes (Assembly workers)
Endoplasmic reticulum: ER (production…
Contains and protects generic material (DNA)
Information for making proteins
Make proteins
Transports and finishes proteins and other biological molecules
Nucleus (control room)
Contains and protects generic material (DNA)
DNA/Chromosomes (Factory Manager)
Information for making proteins
15 terms
Biology: Cell Functions
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Ribosomes
serves as a boundary between cell and external environment, c…
Viscous fluid, components of cytoplasm: interconnected filame…
control center, nuclear membrane separated nucleus from the r…
make proteins, most common cell part, found in all cell types…
Cell Membrane
serves as a boundary between cell and external environment, c…
Cytoplasm
Viscous fluid, components of cytoplasm: interconnected filame…
52 terms
Biology Cell Structure & Functions
Robert Hooke
Robert Hooke
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
cell theory
1665... used early compound microscope to look at thin slice of…
called chambers cells... (reminded him of a monastery's tiny roo…
used single lens microscope to observe pond water... realized ce…
-all living things are composed of cells ... -cells are the basi…
Robert Hooke
1665... used early compound microscope to look at thin slice of…
Robert Hooke
called chambers cells... (reminded him of a monastery's tiny roo…
83 terms
Biology Cell Part Locations and Functions
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Rough ER
Smooth ER
Nucleus
Internal membrane system, site where lipid components of the…
Involved in synthesis of proteins and given name by the ribos…
Ribosomes are not found on its surface and contain collection…
Contains information that controls cell and reproduction; reg…
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Internal membrane system, site where lipid components of the…
Rough ER
Involved in synthesis of proteins and given name by the ribos…
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