Study sets matching "functions cardiovascular system describe"

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Study sets matching "functions cardiovascular system describe"

54 terms
The Cardiovascular System - Structure and Function
Aorta
aortic valve
arteries
arterioles
the main trunk of the systemic arterial system
connects the left ventricle to the aorta
the largest of the blood vessels that carry blood away from t…
the smallest arteries that connect with the capillaries
Aorta
the main trunk of the systemic arterial system
aortic valve
connects the left ventricle to the aorta
8 terms
Cardiovascular System Organs & Functions
name the two organs of the cardiovascu…
when does the heart begin beating?
how much blood is pumped each day?
name the 3 parts of the closed vessel…
1. heart... 2. closed vessel system
4th week of development
7,000 liters
1. arteries... 2. veins... 3. capillaries
name the two organs of the cardiovascu…
1. heart... 2. closed vessel system
when does the heart begin beating?
4th week of development
37 terms
Cardiovascular/Circulatory System FUNCTIONS & TERMS
Functions of the Circulatory System…
Components of the Cardiovascular System
Delivers O2 nutrients to tissues & org…
Remove Co2 waste from cells ... (carbon d…
To carry digested food from the small intestine to all areas…
-Delivers O2 nutrients to tissues & organs... -Remove Co2 waste…
1. Primary Purpose & Function of CV system
2. Primary Purpose & Function of CV system
Functions of the Circulatory System…
To carry digested food from the small intestine to all areas…
Components of the Cardiovascular System
-Delivers O2 nutrients to tissues & organs... -Remove Co2 waste…
13 terms
Integrative functions of the cardiovascular system
changes that occur upon standing after…
compensatory response to standing
orthostatic hypotension
changes during anticipation of exercise
-blood pooling in lower extremities ... -decrease venous pressur…
-mediated by the baroreceptor reflex ... -increase sympathetic a…
-fainting or lightheadedness upon standing ... -may occur w/ an…
-increased sympathetic flow to heart & blood vessels ... -HR inc…
changes that occur upon standing after…
-blood pooling in lower extremities ... -decrease venous pressur…
compensatory response to standing
-mediated by the baroreceptor reflex ... -increase sympathetic a…
63 terms
Cardiovascular system organs and functions
Organs
Heart location
Chambers
Heart chambers (septum)
Heart, blood, blood vessels
Between lungs in middle of chest, behind and left of sternum
Right atrium: collects blood from body, upper chamber... Right v…
Muscle wall that separates right and left halves of heart
Organs
Heart, blood, blood vessels
Heart location
Between lungs in middle of chest, behind and left of sternum
8 terms
terms and functions of cardiovascular system
pulmonary circuit
systemic circuit
arteries
veins
vascular system that circulates blood from the right side of…
vascular system that circulates blood from the left side of t…
blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart
blood vessels that transport blood towards the heart
pulmonary circuit
vascular system that circulates blood from the right side of…
systemic circuit
vascular system that circulates blood from the left side of t…
16 terms
Cardiovascular system functions
Right atria
Right ventricle
Left atria
Left ventricle
Receives deoxygenated blood
Pumps blood to lungs
Receives deoxygenated blood
Pumps blood to atria
Right atria
Receives deoxygenated blood
Right ventricle
Pumps blood to lungs
20 terms
Cardiovascular System: Structures and Functions
~ Structures
~ Functions
~ Vocabulary
~ Cardiac Cycle
heart and vessels
receives O2 from alveoli and delivers it to cells (so that ce…
...
...
~ Structures
heart and vessels
~ Functions
receives O2 from alveoli and delivers it to cells (so that ce…
17 terms
Cardiovascular System (anatomy, functions)
right atrium
left atrium
right ventricle
left ventricle
moves blood into right ventricle
moves blood into left ventricle
moves blood through pulmonary artery, away from heart to lungs
moves blood through aorta, bringing oxygenated rich blood to…
right atrium
moves blood into right ventricle
left atrium
moves blood into left ventricle
32 terms
Functions of the Cardiovascular System
Gas Transport
Role of Other Gasses
Hemoglobin Structure
Hemoglobin Function
Most of the oxygen is carried out by hemoglobin. ... Carbon diox…
78% of the air is N2.
Quaternary protein structure with 4 subunits. Each subunit ha…
Each heme group binds an oxygen molecule. It can carry both O…
Gas Transport
Most of the oxygen is carried out by hemoglobin. ... Carbon diox…
Role of Other Gasses
78% of the air is N2.
5 terms
Functions of the Cardiovascular System
Cardiovascular... cardi/o = heart, vascul…
cardiovascular system consists of:
Blood is:
Blood returns:
-pertaining to the heart and blood vessels
-heart, blood vessels, & blood
-fluid tissue that transports oxygen and nutrients to the bod…
-some waste products from these tissues to the kidneys and ca…
Cardiovascular... cardi/o = heart, vascul…
-pertaining to the heart and blood vessels
cardiovascular system consists of:
-heart, blood vessels, & blood
76 terms
Functions of the Cardiovascular System
What are examples of respiratory surfa…
List things that are transported throu…
What things are removed from our bodies?
What are components of a typical circu…
Gills, lungs, skin (some animals)
- Give oxygen to cells (to make ATP)... - Remove CO2 (byproduct…
CO2, waste, heat
Blood vessels, fluid (blood/hemolymph), pump (usually heart)
What are examples of respiratory surfa…
Gills, lungs, skin (some animals)
List things that are transported throu…
- Give oxygen to cells (to make ATP)... - Remove CO2 (byproduct…
The cardiovascular system: structures and functions
Heart
Arteries
Veins
Capillaries
Contractions push blood through the body. ... Average heartbeat…
Transport blood from the right and left chambers of the heart…
Blood is transported from peripheral tissues back to the hear…
Connect arterioles with venues via microscopic vessels.... Oxyge…
Heart
Contractions push blood through the body. ... Average heartbeat…
Arteries
Transport blood from the right and left chambers of the heart…
The cardiovascular system, structures and functions
Heart
Arteries
Veins
Capillaries
Muscular organ about size of an adults closed fist, contracti…
Transport blood from the right and left chambers of the heart…
Transport blood from peripheral tissues back to the heart and…
Connect arterioles with venules via microscopic vessels, exch…
Heart
Muscular organ about size of an adults closed fist, contracti…
Arteries
Transport blood from the right and left chambers of the heart…
cardiovascular system function and structures
Function of the Circulatory System -
Transport
Heart
Identify the parts of the heart
transports blood around your body
to carry
The heart is the pump that sends blood around the body
Function of the Circulatory System -
transports blood around your body
Transport
to carry
31 terms
functions for the cardiovascular system
blood
red blood cells
white blood cells
neutrophils
transports gasses, hormones, heat, nutrients
transport oxygen
defense against pathogens/toxin
phagocytize pathogens
blood
transports gasses, hormones, heat, nutrients
red blood cells
transport oxygen
71 terms
The Functions of the Cardiovascular System
Cadiovascular
Heart
parietal pericardium
Pericardial fluid
pertaining to the heart and blood vessels
Hollow muscular organ located in the thoracic cavity, between…
fibrous sac that surrounds and protects the heart
fluids that act as a lubricant to prevent friction as the hea…
Cadiovascular
pertaining to the heart and blood vessels
Heart
Hollow muscular organ located in the thoracic cavity, between…
Functions of the Cardiovascular System
Cardiovascular
Heart
Apex
Pericardium
pertaining to the heart and blood vessel Cardi/o meand hear,…
a hollow, muscular organ located in the thoracic cavity, betw…
the lower tip of the heart
the double-walled membranous sac that encloses the heart
Cardiovascular
pertaining to the heart and blood vessel Cardi/o meand hear,…
Heart
a hollow, muscular organ located in the thoracic cavity, betw…
Cardiovascular System/Heart Functions
CV: Transport gasses
CV: Transport nutrients
CV: Transport wastes
CV: Regulate _______
O2 and CO2
glucose
urea
BP
CV: Transport gasses
O2 and CO2
CV: Transport nutrients
glucose
cardiovascular system functions
right ventricle
left ventricle
right auricle
left auricle
responsible for pumping deoxygenated blood to the lungs
responsible for pumping oxygenated blood to tissues all over…
collects deoxygenated blood from the bloodstream and moves it…
collects oxygenated blood as it leaves the lungs and moves th…
right ventricle
responsible for pumping deoxygenated blood to the lungs
left ventricle
responsible for pumping oxygenated blood to tissues all over…
30 terms
Medical Terminology Functions of the cardiovascular system
Cardiovascular
Heart
Pericardium
epicardium
Pertaining to the heart, blood vessels and blood
a hollow, muscular organ located in the thoracic cavity. Rece…
is the double walled membranous sac that encloses (surrounds)…
The wall of the heart that is the external layer of the heart…
Cardiovascular
Pertaining to the heart, blood vessels and blood
Heart
a hollow, muscular organ located in the thoracic cavity. Rece…
Major Functions of the Cardiovascular System
One
Hormones
CO2 and wastes
Two
Transportation
Delivers oxygen, nutrients, ____________, etc.
Removes, _________, ___________, etc.
Protection
One
Transportation
Hormones
Delivers oxygen, nutrients, ____________, etc.
Structure and Function- Cardiovascular System
transport
5 liters
4 liters
1400-1750 times
the hearts main function
average male blood volume
average female blood volume
amount of times blood is filtered through body
transport
the hearts main function
5 liters
average male blood volume
Functions and Structures the cardiovascular system
caridiovascular
blood
cardio
heart
pertaining to heart and blood vessel
fluid tissue that transports oxygen and nutrients to the body…
heart
muscular organ located in the thoracic cavity between the lungs
caridiovascular
pertaining to heart and blood vessel
blood
fluid tissue that transports oxygen and nutrients to the body…
21 terms
Functions and Structures of the cardiovascular system
Functions of the Heart... (what is its job)
Functions of Blood Vessels... (what are t…
Structure of the heart... (Description)
How many chambers are in the heart
Pumps blood to all body cells through circulatory system
To carry oxygen and nutrients from the lungs and small intest…
Fist-sized muscular organ that is enclosed in a loose-fitting…
4... 2 Upper chambers - Atrium... 2 lower chambers - ventricles
Functions of the Heart... (what is its job)
Pumps blood to all body cells through circulatory system
Functions of Blood Vessels... (what are t…
To carry oxygen and nutrients from the lungs and small intest…
5 terms
Cardiovascular System functions
The Cardiovascular System moves ...
Distributes...
Removes...
Transports...
...oxygenated blood from the heart and lungs to the body and…
...key nutrients to cells around the body
...metabolic waste such as Carbon Dioxide, lactic acid and urea
...various hormones around the body
The Cardiovascular System moves ...
...oxygenated blood from the heart and lungs to the body and…
Distributes...
...key nutrients to cells around the body
Cardiovascular System - Functions of WCM
Look at picture. Label A - F
Rapid depolarization
Overshoot
Excitation/Contraction Coupling
Rapid Depolarization... Overshoot... Ca2+ channels open... Ca2+ channe…
Influx of Na+ ions
Na+ channels close
Generated at myocytes
Look at picture. Label A - F
Rapid Depolarization... Overshoot... Ca2+ channels open... Ca2+ channe…
Rapid depolarization
Influx of Na+ ions
14 terms
Components and functions of cardiovascular system
Right Pulmonary Artery
Super Vena Cava
Aorta
Left Pulmonary Artery
Transports deoxygenated blood from the right ventricle into t…
Vein that transports deoxygenated blood from the uper body to…
largest artery; pumps oxygen-rich blood away from the heart
transports deoxygenated blood from the right ventricle into t…
Right Pulmonary Artery
Transports deoxygenated blood from the right ventricle into t…
Super Vena Cava
Vein that transports deoxygenated blood from the uper body to…
17 terms
Describe the Anatomy and Physiology of the cardiovascular system
Arteries
Capillary
Diastole
Heart
blood vessels that deliver blood from the heart to other part…
small blood vessels that connect arterioles to venues.
the portion of the cardiac cycle in which the heart refills w…
The muscle that pumps blood throughout the body.
Arteries
blood vessels that deliver blood from the heart to other part…
Capillary
small blood vessels that connect arterioles to venues.
Cardiovascular System structure and function
Single-celled
multi-cellular
transportation
ICF, ISF, plasma
organisms rely on diffusion for nutrient delivery, waste... remo…
organisms diffusion is... too slow, therefore substances must be…
function of cardiovascular system
Diffusion of nutrients, wastes occurs across the three fluid…
Single-celled
organisms rely on diffusion for nutrient delivery, waste... remo…
multi-cellular
organisms diffusion is... too slow, therefore substances must be…
HBS- Cardiovascular System Function
Atria
Ventricles
Arteries
Arterioles
Entrance halls for blood
"Bellies" that pump out blood
Carry blood away from the heart
Little arteries
Atria
Entrance halls for blood
Ventricles
"Bellies" that pump out blood
Cardiovascular system functions
1
2
3
4
Circulate blood to all parts of the body
Transport water, O2 and nutrients to cells
Transport wastes away from cells
Maintain correct body temperature
1
Circulate blood to all parts of the body
2
Transport water, O2 and nutrients to cells
52 terms
Cardiovascular system: Structure & function
pericardium
epicardium
parietal pericardium
myocardium
outer protective sac of the heart
the inner layer of the pericardium that is attached to the he…
the outer layer of the pericardium
the thick layer of cardiac muscle that makes up the heart
pericardium
outer protective sac of the heart
epicardium
the inner layer of the pericardium that is attached to the he…
68 terms
CARDIOVASCULAR: SYSTEMS AND FUNCTIONS
aorta
aortic valve
arteriole
artery
largest artery of the body; vessel through which oxygenated b…
valve between the aorta and L ventricle
tiny artery connecting to capillary
thick-walled blood vessel that, in systemic circulation, carr…
aorta
largest artery of the body; vessel through which oxygenated b…
aortic valve
valve between the aorta and L ventricle
Cardiovascular system function
Mesothelium
Intercalated disks
Fibrous tissue
Cor pulmonale
Secretes pericardial fluid
Disks form gap junctions to allow ions to freely pass from ce…
Between atria and ventricles to not allow any conduction betw…
Right side hypertrophy from increased PA pressure
Mesothelium
Secretes pericardial fluid
Intercalated disks
Disks form gap junctions to allow ions to freely pass from ce…
7 terms
Cardiovascular System-Functional Cells
Non-Contractile Cells
Senatorial (SA) Node
Job of Senatorial Node
Atrioventricular (AV) Node
Forms "nodal tissue"... generate and conducts electrical impulse…
known as "pace maker"... located int he right ventricle
Muscle impulse is generated at the senatorial node ... spreads t…
fibers delay the muscle impulses as it passes
Non-Contractile Cells
Forms "nodal tissue"... generate and conducts electrical impulse…
Senatorial (SA) Node
known as "pace maker"... located int he right ventricle
36 terms
Structure and function of the cardiovascular system
Aortopulmonary window
Aortopulmonary window
The most common masses in the anterior…
Pericardium
Thymoma... Teratoma... Thyroid carcinomna... Terrible lymphoma
Aortopulmonary window
Aortopulmonary window
components of cardiovascular system and functions
blood
arteries
capillaries
veins
supplies cells with nutrients, carriers defensive cells, tran…
carries oxygenated blood away from the heart to tissues
sites of transfer of oxygen and other nutrients from blood to…
responsible for returning deoxygenated blood back to the heart
blood
supplies cells with nutrients, carriers defensive cells, tran…
arteries
carries oxygenated blood away from the heart to tissues
17 terms
Cardiovascular System-Structure and Function
left atrium/left ventricle
capillaries
blood's parts
elastic arteries
thicker because has to pump to the entire body, while right s…
major site of fluid exchange (oxygen)
liquid (plasma)--proteins ions gases... cells: erythrocytes, leu…
store energy as it expands
left atrium/left ventricle
thicker because has to pump to the entire body, while right s…
capillaries
major site of fluid exchange (oxygen)
cardiovascular system function
organs
function
aging process
causes
-heart... -blood vessels... -blood
-transports nutrients and oxygen to the cells ... -removes waste…
-decreased ability of heart to act as a pump... -pulse rate decr…
primary- heredity... secondary- cause obesity, atersclerosis, hi…
organs
-heart... -blood vessels... -blood
function
-transports nutrients and oxygen to the cells ... -removes waste…
81 terms
Overview of Cardiovascular System Function
What is the basic role of the cardiova…
What two systems of the body control c…
What is delivered in the body by the c…
What factors determine oxygen delivery?
Move gases, water, ions, and nutrients through the body
Endocrine and neural
-Substrate for metabolism... -Waste from metabolism
-Blood flow... -Oxygen content
What is the basic role of the cardiova…
Move gases, water, ions, and nutrients through the body
What two systems of the body control c…
Endocrine and neural
16 terms
Functional organization of cardiovascular system
The heart, blood, and blood vessels
plasma
arteries
veins
3 principal components that make up circulatory system; impac…
carries blood cells, proteins, nutrients around the body
carry oxygenated blood
carry deoxygenated blood
The heart, blood, and blood vessels
3 principal components that make up circulatory system; impac…
plasma
carries blood cells, proteins, nutrients around the body
88 terms
physiology/function of cardiovascular system
size of heart
shape of heart
where does heart lie
heart landmarks
size of persons fist... length-12-14 cm... width (superior aspect)=…
hollow and cone shaped
in mediastinum between R and L lung... anterior to vertebrae... pos…
extends from 2nd (base) to 5th intercostal space (apex)
size of heart
size of persons fist... length-12-14 cm... width (superior aspect)=…
shape of heart
hollow and cone shaped
functions of the cardiovascular system
1
2
3
4
circulate blood to all parts of the body
transport water, oxygen and nutrients to the cells
transport waste (CO2) away from the cells
maintain correct body temperature
1
circulate blood to all parts of the body
2
transport water, oxygen and nutrients to the cells
Cardiovascular System Function
Cardiovascular components
Purpose of Cardiovasc. system
Heart
Arteries and arterioles
circulatory and pulmonary system
1. Transport O2 to tissues and removal of waste... 2. Transport…
pumps blood
carries blood away from heart
Cardiovascular components
circulatory and pulmonary system
Purpose of Cardiovasc. system
1. Transport O2 to tissues and removal of waste... 2. Transport…
Major Functions Cardiovascular System
Four major functions of cardiovascular…
Protection: A)RBC? ... B) WBC?... C) Platele…
Maintaining temperature
Vasodilation... Above core
1) Transportation: nutrients, gasses and waste products aroun…
A) Oxygen binds with protein hemoglobin molecules ... B) Detect…
4 Types of adjustments ... Sweat glands: Heat loss though evap…
Blood vessels near skin relax & diameter expands reducing res…
Four major functions of cardiovascular…
1) Transportation: nutrients, gasses and waste products aroun…
Protection: A)RBC? ... B) WBC?... C) Platele…
A) Oxygen binds with protein hemoglobin molecules ... B) Detect…
10 terms
Functional Aspects of the Cardiovascular System
3 functional patterns of the cardiovas…
anastomoses
describe the pulmonary circuit
describe the systemic circuit
1) distribution of arteries and veins nearly identical near h…
where blood vessels branch out and come back together
-blood exits right ventricle through pulmonary trunk... -branche…
-oxygenated blood leaves left ventricle through aorta... -return…
3 functional patterns of the cardiovas…
1) distribution of arteries and veins nearly identical near h…
anastomoses
where blood vessels branch out and come back together
33 terms
Structure and function of the cardiovascular system
prinicpal structures of the ventilator…
function of the conducting airways
Pulmonary ventilation
Total lung capacity
Nasal passages, oral cavity, pharynx, larynx, traces surround…
no gas exchange takes place here, the air is warmed, moistene…
Breathing, process of taking air in and out of the lungs
How much oxygen the lungs can hold
prinicpal structures of the ventilator…
Nasal passages, oral cavity, pharynx, larynx, traces surround…
function of the conducting airways
no gas exchange takes place here, the air is warmed, moistene…
31 terms
Function of the Cardiovascular System
systole
diastole
intrinsic control
autorhythmaticicty
contraction phase-blood is pumped out of chamber
relaxation phase-blood fills chamber
autorhythmaticity, sinoatrial noed, atrioventricular node, pu…
ability to initiate impulse for contraction at regular interv…
systole
contraction phase-blood is pumped out of chamber
diastole
relaxation phase-blood fills chamber
30 terms
Structure and Function of the Cardiovascular System
Circulatory System
What does the heart pump blood too?
Right Heart
Left heart
Deliver oxygen, nutrients, and other substances to all the bo…
The heart pump blood through two separate circulatory systems…
Pump blood through the lungs termed pulmonary circulation.
Sends blood through systemic circulation which supplies all t…
Circulatory System
Deliver oxygen, nutrients, and other substances to all the bo…
What does the heart pump blood too?
The heart pump blood through two separate circulatory systems…
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