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Study sets matching "functions cardiovascular system describe"

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Study sets matching "functions cardiovascular system describe"

54 terms
The Cardiovascular System - Structure and Function
Aorta
aortic valve
arteries
arterioles
the main trunk of the systemic arterial system
connects the left ventricle to the aorta
the largest of the blood vessels that carry blood away from t…
the smallest arteries that connect with the capillaries
Aorta
the main trunk of the systemic arterial system
aortic valve
connects the left ventricle to the aorta
76 terms
Functions of the Cardiovascular System
What are examples of respiratory surfa…
List things that are transported throu…
What things are removed from our bodies?
What are components of a typical circu…
Gills, lungs, skin (some animals)
- Give oxygen to cells (to make ATP)... - Remove CO2 (byproduct…
CO2, waste, heat
Blood vessels, fluid (blood/hemolymph), pump (usually heart)
What are examples of respiratory surfa…
Gills, lungs, skin (some animals)
List things that are transported throu…
- Give oxygen to cells (to make ATP)... - Remove CO2 (byproduct…
8 terms
Cardiovascular System Organs & Functions
name the two organs of the cardiovascu…
when does the heart begin beating?
how much blood is pumped each day?
name the 3 parts of the closed vessel…
1. heart... 2. closed vessel system
4th week of development
7,000 liters
1. arteries... 2. veins... 3. capillaries
name the two organs of the cardiovascu…
1. heart... 2. closed vessel system
when does the heart begin beating?
4th week of development
37 terms
Cardiovascular/Circulatory System FUNCTIONS & TERMS
Functions of the Circulatory System…
Components of the Cardiovascular System
Delivers O2 nutrients to tissues & org…
Remove Co2 waste from cells ... (carbon d…
To carry digested food from the small intestine to all areas…
-Delivers O2 nutrients to tissues & organs... -Remove Co2 waste…
1. Primary Purpose & Function of CV system
2. Primary Purpose & Function of CV system
Functions of the Circulatory System…
To carry digested food from the small intestine to all areas…
Components of the Cardiovascular System
-Delivers O2 nutrients to tissues & organs... -Remove Co2 waste…
19 terms
cardiovascular system function and structures
Function of the Circulatory System -
Transport
Heart
Identify the parts of the heart
transports blood around your body
to carry
The heart is the pump that sends blood around the body
Function of the Circulatory System -
transports blood around your body
Transport
to carry
13 terms
Integrative functions of the cardiovascular system
changes that occur upon standing after…
compensatory response to standing
orthostatic hypotension
changes during anticipation of exercise
-blood pooling in lower extremities ... -decrease venous pressur…
-mediated by the baroreceptor reflex ... -increase sympathetic a…
-fainting or lightheadedness upon standing ... -may occur w/ an…
-increased sympathetic flow to heart & blood vessels ... -HR inc…
changes that occur upon standing after…
-blood pooling in lower extremities ... -decrease venous pressur…
compensatory response to standing
-mediated by the baroreceptor reflex ... -increase sympathetic a…
20 terms
Cardiovascular System: Structures and Functions
~ Structures
~ Functions
~ Vocabulary
~ Cardiac Cycle
heart and vessels
receives O2 from alveoli and delivers it to cells (so that ce…
...
...
~ Structures
heart and vessels
~ Functions
receives O2 from alveoli and delivers it to cells (so that ce…
5 terms
Cardiovascular system functions
1
2
3
4
Circulate blood to all parts of the body
Transport water, O2 and nutrients to cells
Transport wastes away from cells
Maintain correct body temperature
1
Circulate blood to all parts of the body
2
Transport water, O2 and nutrients to cells
16 terms
Cardiovascular system functions
Right atria
Right ventricle
Left atria
Left ventricle
Receives deoxygenated blood
Pumps blood to lungs
Receives deoxygenated blood
Pumps blood to atria
Right atria
Receives deoxygenated blood
Right ventricle
Pumps blood to lungs
17 terms
Cardiovascular System (anatomy, functions)
right atrium
left atrium
right ventricle
left ventricle
moves blood into right ventricle
moves blood into left ventricle
moves blood through pulmonary artery, away from heart to lungs
moves blood through aorta, bringing oxygenated rich blood to…
right atrium
moves blood into right ventricle
left atrium
moves blood into left ventricle
13 terms
components of cardiovascular system and functions
blood
arteries
capillaries
veins
supplies cells with nutrients, carriers defensive cells, tran…
carries oxygenated blood away from the heart to tissues
sites of transfer of oxygen and other nutrients from blood to…
responsible for returning deoxygenated blood back to the heart
blood
supplies cells with nutrients, carriers defensive cells, tran…
arteries
carries oxygenated blood away from the heart to tissues
63 terms
Cardiovascular system organs and functions
Organs
Heart location
Chambers
Heart chambers (septum)
Heart, blood, blood vessels
Between lungs in middle of chest, behind and left of sternum
Right atrium: collects blood from body, upper chamber... Right v…
Muscle wall that separates right and left halves of heart
Organs
Heart, blood, blood vessels
Heart location
Between lungs in middle of chest, behind and left of sternum
71 terms
The Functions of the Cardiovascular System
Cadiovascular
Heart
parietal pericardium
Pericardial fluid
pertaining to the heart and blood vessels
Hollow muscular organ located in the thoracic cavity, between…
fibrous sac that surrounds and protects the heart
fluids that act as a lubricant to prevent friction as the hea…
Cadiovascular
pertaining to the heart and blood vessels
Heart
Hollow muscular organ located in the thoracic cavity, between…
26 terms
Functions of the Cardiovascular System
Cardiovascular
Heart
Apex
Pericardium
pertaining to the heart and blood vessel Cardi/o meand hear,…
a hollow, muscular organ located in the thoracic cavity, betw…
the lower tip of the heart
the double-walled membranous sac that encloses the heart
Cardiovascular
pertaining to the heart and blood vessel Cardi/o meand hear,…
Heart
a hollow, muscular organ located in the thoracic cavity, betw…
43 terms
cardiovascular system functions
right ventricle
left ventricle
right auricle
left auricle
responsible for pumping deoxygenated blood to the lungs
responsible for pumping oxygenated blood to tissues all over…
collects deoxygenated blood from the bloodstream and moves it…
collects oxygenated blood as it leaves the lungs and moves th…
right ventricle
responsible for pumping deoxygenated blood to the lungs
left ventricle
responsible for pumping oxygenated blood to tissues all over…
31 terms
functions for the cardiovascular system
blood
red blood cells
white blood cells
neutrophils
transports gasses, hormones, heat, nutrients
transport oxygen
defense against pathogens/toxin
phagocytize pathogens
blood
transports gasses, hormones, heat, nutrients
red blood cells
transport oxygen
45 terms
Structure and Function- Cardiovascular System
transport
5 liters
4 liters
1400-1750 times
the hearts main function
average male blood volume
average female blood volume
amount of times blood is filtered through body
transport
the hearts main function
5 liters
average male blood volume
Major Functions of the Cardiovascular System
One
Hormones
CO2 and wastes
Two
Transportation
Delivers oxygen, nutrients, ____________, etc.
Removes, _________, ___________, etc.
Protection
One
Transportation
Hormones
Delivers oxygen, nutrients, ____________, etc.
10 terms
Functions and Structures the cardiovascular system
caridiovascular
blood
cardio
heart
pertaining to heart and blood vessel
fluid tissue that transports oxygen and nutrients to the body…
heart
muscular organ located in the thoracic cavity between the lungs
caridiovascular
pertaining to heart and blood vessel
blood
fluid tissue that transports oxygen and nutrients to the body…
31 terms
Cardiovascular System (functions of blood)
Functions of the Blood
Transportation of the Blood
Regulation of the Blood
Clot Formation
- Transportation of the Blood... - Blood Regulation... - Clot forma…
Functions of this system ... -gases, nutrients, and waste (like…
Functions of this system... - pH and Osmosis (7.35-7.45)... - Body…
Function of this system... - Protection against foreign substances
Functions of the Blood
- Transportation of the Blood... - Blood Regulation... - Clot forma…
Transportation of the Blood
Functions of this system ... -gases, nutrients, and waste (like…
30 terms
Medical Terminology Functions of the cardiovascular system
Cardiovascular
Heart
Pericardium
epicardium
Pertaining to the heart, blood vessels and blood
a hollow, muscular organ located in the thoracic cavity. Rece…
is the double walled membranous sac that encloses (surrounds)…
The wall of the heart that is the external layer of the heart…
Cardiovascular
Pertaining to the heart, blood vessels and blood
Heart
a hollow, muscular organ located in the thoracic cavity. Rece…
14 terms
Components and functions of cardiovascular system
Right Pulmonary Artery
Super Vena Cava
Aorta
Left Pulmonary Artery
Transports deoxygenated blood from the right ventricle into t…
Vein that transports deoxygenated blood from the uper body to…
largest artery; pumps oxygen-rich blood away from the heart
transports deoxygenated blood from the right ventricle into t…
Right Pulmonary Artery
Transports deoxygenated blood from the right ventricle into t…
Super Vena Cava
Vein that transports deoxygenated blood from the uper body to…
81 terms
Overview of Cardiovascular System Function
What is the basic role of the cardiova…
What two systems of the body control c…
What is delivered in the body by the c…
What factors determine oxygen delivery?
Move gases, water, ions, and nutrients through the body
Endocrine and neural
-Substrate for metabolism... -Waste from metabolism
-Blood flow... -Oxygen content
What is the basic role of the cardiova…
Move gases, water, ions, and nutrients through the body
What two systems of the body control c…
Endocrine and neural
10 terms
Functional Aspects of the Cardiovascular System
3 functional patterns of the cardiovas…
anastomoses
describe the pulmonary circuit
describe the systemic circuit
1) distribution of arteries and veins nearly identical near h…
where blood vessels branch out and come back together
-blood exits right ventricle through pulmonary trunk... -branche…
-oxygenated blood leaves left ventricle through aorta... -return…
3 functional patterns of the cardiovas…
1) distribution of arteries and veins nearly identical near h…
anastomoses
where blood vessels branch out and come back together
36 terms
Structure and function of the cardiovascular system
Aortopulmonary window
Aortopulmonary window
The most common masses in the anterior…
Pericardium
Thymoma... Teratoma... Thyroid carcinomna... Terrible lymphoma
Aortopulmonary window
Aortopulmonary window
52 terms
Cardiovascular system: Structure & function
pericardium
epicardium
parietal pericardium
myocardium
outer protective sac of the heart
the inner layer of the pericardium that is attached to the he…
the outer layer of the pericardium
the thick layer of cardiac muscle that makes up the heart
pericardium
outer protective sac of the heart
epicardium
the inner layer of the pericardium that is attached to the he…
68 terms
CARDIOVASCULAR: SYSTEMS AND FUNCTIONS
aorta
aortic valve
arteriole
artery
largest artery of the body; vessel through which oxygenated b…
valve between the aorta and L ventricle
tiny artery connecting to capillary
thick-walled blood vessel that, in systemic circulation, carr…
aorta
largest artery of the body; vessel through which oxygenated b…
aortic valve
valve between the aorta and L ventricle
57 terms
Cardiovascular system function
Mesothelium
Intercalated disks
Fibrous tissue
Cor pulmonale
Secretes pericardial fluid
Disks form gap junctions to allow ions to freely pass from ce…
Between atria and ventricles to not allow any conduction betw…
Right side hypertrophy from increased PA pressure
Mesothelium
Secretes pericardial fluid
Intercalated disks
Disks form gap junctions to allow ions to freely pass from ce…
16 terms
Functional organization of cardiovascular system
The heart, blood, and blood vessels
plasma
arteries
veins
3 principal components that make up circulatory system; impac…
carries blood cells, proteins, nutrients around the body
carry oxygenated blood
carry deoxygenated blood
The heart, blood, and blood vessels
3 principal components that make up circulatory system; impac…
plasma
carries blood cells, proteins, nutrients around the body
88 terms
physiology/function of cardiovascular system
size of heart
shape of heart
where does heart lie
heart landmarks
size of persons fist... length-12-14 cm... width (superior aspect)=…
hollow and cone shaped
in mediastinum between R and L lung... anterior to vertebrae... pos…
extends from 2nd (base) to 5th intercostal space (apex)
size of heart
size of persons fist... length-12-14 cm... width (superior aspect)=…
shape of heart
hollow and cone shaped
17 terms
Cardiovascular System structure and function
Single-celled
multi-cellular
transportation
ICF, ISF, plasma
organisms rely on diffusion for nutrient delivery, waste... remo…
organisms diffusion is... too slow, therefore substances must be…
function of cardiovascular system
Diffusion of nutrients, wastes occurs across the three fluid…
Single-celled
organisms rely on diffusion for nutrient delivery, waste... remo…
multi-cellular
organisms diffusion is... too slow, therefore substances must be…
Cardiovascular System Function
Cardiovascular components
Purpose of Cardiovasc. system
Heart
Arteries and arterioles
circulatory and pulmonary system
1. Transport O2 to tissues and removal of waste... 2. Transport…
pumps blood
carries blood away from heart
Cardiovascular components
circulatory and pulmonary system
Purpose of Cardiovasc. system
1. Transport O2 to tissues and removal of waste... 2. Transport…
31 terms
Function of the Cardiovascular System
systole
diastole
intrinsic control
autorhythmaticicty
contraction phase-blood is pumped out of chamber
relaxation phase-blood fills chamber
autorhythmaticity, sinoatrial noed, atrioventricular node, pu…
ability to initiate impulse for contraction at regular interv…
systole
contraction phase-blood is pumped out of chamber
diastole
relaxation phase-blood fills chamber
17 terms
Cardiovascular System-Structure and Function
left atrium/left ventricle
capillaries
blood's parts
elastic arteries
thicker because has to pump to the entire body, while right s…
major site of fluid exchange (oxygen)
liquid (plasma)--proteins ions gases... cells: erythrocytes, leu…
store energy as it expands
left atrium/left ventricle
thicker because has to pump to the entire body, while right s…
capillaries
major site of fluid exchange (oxygen)
10 terms
Function of the cardiovascular system
Elastic arteries
Muscular arteries
Function of CVS
Flow of blood
Absorb some of the pressure during the ejection phase and rel…
Thick, strong wall, won't stretch. All about getting blood fr…
Bulk flow system - responsible for:... 1. Oxygen/CO2 transport…
Heart, aorta, arteries, arteriolar, capillaries, venues, vein…
Elastic arteries
Absorb some of the pressure during the ejection phase and rel…
Muscular arteries
Thick, strong wall, won't stretch. All about getting blood fr…
10 terms
Function of the Cardiovascular system STUDY
Function of the Cardiovascular system
Heart
Blood
Blood vessels
transports essential materials to body cells and remove their…
Pumps blood
cells which transports essential nutrients throughout the bod…
transports blood around the body (arteries, veins, capillaries)
Function of the Cardiovascular system
transports essential materials to body cells and remove their…
Heart
Pumps blood
23 terms
Functional histology of the cardiovascular system
Intercalated disks
Gap junctions
Desmosomes and fascia adherens
Functional syncytium
The point where two cardiac muscle cells meet, the plasma mem…
Areas of low electrical resistance
Adhesive junctions that hold the cells tightly together
A fusion of cells working as a single unit
Intercalated disks
The point where two cardiac muscle cells meet, the plasma mem…
Gap junctions
Areas of low electrical resistance
34 terms
Structure and Function of Cardiovascular System
Functions of the Circulatory System
2 Parts of the Circulatory System
Pulmonary Circulation
Systemic Circulation
Transport... - Delivers oxygen and nutrients to the tissues... - Ca…
- Pulmonary circulation... - Systemic circulation
Moves blood through the lungs and creates a link with the gas…
Supplies all the other tissues of the body
Functions of the Circulatory System
Transport... - Delivers oxygen and nutrients to the tissues... - Ca…
2 Parts of the Circulatory System
- Pulmonary circulation... - Systemic circulation
18 terms
Cardiovascular System - Structure and Function
endocardium
middle layer that is actually the hear…
outer layer of the heart is called
pericardium is
innermost layer of the heart
the myocardium
epicardium
is the heart sac that surrounds the epicardium
endocardium
innermost layer of the heart
middle layer that is actually the hear…
the myocardium
30 terms
Structure and Function of the Cardiovascular System
Circulatory System
What does the heart pump blood too?
Right Heart
Left heart
Deliver oxygen, nutrients, and other substances to all the bo…
The heart pump blood through two separate circulatory systems…
Pump blood through the lungs termed pulmonary circulation.
Sends blood through systemic circulation which supplies all t…
Circulatory System
Deliver oxygen, nutrients, and other substances to all the bo…
What does the heart pump blood too?
The heart pump blood through two separate circulatory systems…
35 terms
The Cardiovascular System - Anatomy and Function
Cardiovascular system
Pulmonary flow of blood
Systemic flow of blood
Lymphatic system
Consists of heart, blood vessels, lymph nodes, and lymphatic…
Blood circulates throughout the lungs to collect oxygen
Blood circulates throughout the body to deliver oxygen
Consists of the spleen and lymph nodes, as well as channels t…
Cardiovascular system
Consists of heart, blood vessels, lymph nodes, and lymphatic…
Pulmonary flow of blood
Blood circulates throughout the lungs to collect oxygen
46 terms
Structure and Function of the Cardiovascular System
Two main functions of the cardiovascul…
What does the CV system transport?
Pulmonary vs Systemic Circulation
What are 3 functions of capillaries?
#1 - transport (main)... #2 - help regulate temperature
#1 - O2 and nutrients into tissues... #2 - Waste products (CO2,…
Pulmonary - moves blood through the lungs; creates a link wit…
They serve as an exchange system for the transfer of:... 1) gase…
Two main functions of the cardiovascul…
#1 - transport (main)... #2 - help regulate temperature
What does the CV system transport?
#1 - O2 and nutrients into tissues... #2 - Waste products (CO2,…
68 terms
Structure and Function of the Cardiovascular System
Distinguish between the pulmonary and…
What is the importance in realizing th…
What are the two functions of the peri…
What is the relationship between the p…
Pulmonary circulation:... Purpose - sending deoxygenated blood t…
The cardiac output of the right ventricle (pulmonary circulat…
Functions:... Prevent displacement of the heart during gravitati…
Both the visceral and parietal serous membranes secrete a ser…
Distinguish between the pulmonary and…
Pulmonary circulation:... Purpose - sending deoxygenated blood t…
What is the importance in realizing th…
The cardiac output of the right ventricle (pulmonary circulat…
16 terms
Cardiovascular system: Function and dysfunction
What is the function of the CV system
What structures make up the CV system
Where is the pacemaker of a healthy he…
What does automaticity mean
To distribute blood around the body to supply the organs
Heart, BVs, valves, blood etc
in the SA node
the ability of a cell to depolarize itself (eg SA node stops…
What is the function of the CV system
To distribute blood around the body to supply the organs
What structures make up the CV system
Heart, BVs, valves, blood etc
List and describe the functions of the digestive system
Ingestion
Mechanical processing
Digestion
Secretion
Food entering into the digestive tract through the mouth
Physical manipulation of solid foods... First by the tongue and…
Chemical breakdown of food, so it can be absorbed by the dige…
The release of water, acids, enzymes, and buffers by the dige…
Ingestion
Food entering into the digestive tract through the mouth
Mechanical processing
Physical manipulation of solid foods... First by the tongue and…
64 terms
function of the cardiovascular system test
atrioventricular valves
pericardium, epicardium, myocardium, e…
pericardium
epicardium
thin structures that are composed of the endocardium and conn…
layers of the heart
membraneous sac surrounding the heart
outer layer encasing and protecting the heart
atrioventricular valves
thin structures that are composed of the endocardium and conn…
pericardium, epicardium, myocardium, e…
layers of the heart
46 terms
Structure and Function of the Cardiovascular System
Two main functions of the cardiovascul…
What does the CV system transport?
Pulmonary vs Systemic Circulation
What are 3 functions of capillaries?
#1 - transport (main)... #2 - help regulate temperature
#1 - O2 and nutrients into tissues... #2 - Waste products (CO2,…
Pulmonary - moves blood through the lungs; creates a link wit…
They serve as an exchange system for the transfer of:... 1) gase…
Two main functions of the cardiovascul…
#1 - transport (main)... #2 - help regulate temperature
What does the CV system transport?
#1 - O2 and nutrients into tissues... #2 - Waste products (CO2,…
46 terms
Structure and Function of the Cardiovascular System
Two main functions of the cardiovascul…
What does the CV system transport?
Pulmonary vs Systemic Circulation
What are 3 functions of capillaries?
#1 - transport (main)... #2 - help regulate temperature
#1 - O2 and nutrients into tissues... #2 - Waste products (CO2,…
Pulmonary - moves blood through the lungs; creates a link wit…
They serve as an exchange system for the transfer of:... 1) gase…
Two main functions of the cardiovascul…
#1 - transport (main)... #2 - help regulate temperature
What does the CV system transport?
#1 - O2 and nutrients into tissues... #2 - Waste products (CO2,…
66 terms
structure and function of cardiovascular and lymphatic systems
structural similarities between cardia…
sarcomere
structural differences between cardiac…
intercalated disks
-fibers are aligned somewhat parallel... -actin and myosin are a…
a structural unit of a myofibril in striated muscle, consisti…
-short and branched... -cells are joined at the ends by intercal…
contain desmosomes and gap junctions
structural similarities between cardia…
-fibers are aligned somewhat parallel... -actin and myosin are a…
sarcomere
a structural unit of a myofibril in striated muscle, consisti…
55 terms
Structure and Function of Cardiovascular System
Cardiovascular system definition
What does the heart pump? What is it c…
Would would happen to blood if you lef…
What is the liquid portion of the bloo…
Heart and blood vessels considered as a single, functional un…
The heart pumps blood and the blood is composed of red blood…
It would separate. Cells would settle because they have mass…
-Plasma... -45%
Cardiovascular system definition
Heart and blood vessels considered as a single, functional un…
What does the heart pump? What is it c…
The heart pumps blood and the blood is composed of red blood…
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