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35 terms
Chapter 14 Brain Functions
Cerebrum
Diencephalon
Thalamus
Hypothalamus
Controls conscious thought processes, memory storage and proc…
Contains thalamus and hypothalamus
Relay and processing center for sensory information
Controls emotions, autonomic functions, hormone production
Cerebrum
Controls conscious thought processes, memory storage and proc…
Diencephalon
Contains thalamus and hypothalamus
23 terms
Chapter 14: Cognitive Functions
brain lateralization
differences between the hemispheres
CONNECTIONS (FIBER TRACTS) B/T LEFT AN…
three fiber tracts
> Right and left hemispheres serve different functions... > Late…
> Left hemisphere... focus on elements -> parts make up the whol…
...
> Anterior commissure - connects anterior subcortical structu…
brain lateralization
> Right and left hemispheres serve different functions... > Late…
differences between the hemispheres
> Left hemisphere... focus on elements -> parts make up the whol…
26 terms
Chapter 14 Cranial Nerves Functions + Numbers
Olfactory
Olfactory Function
Optic
Optic Function
Cranial Nerve I
Sensory Nerve... Sense of smell
Cranial Nerve II
Sensory Nerve... Sense of Sight
Olfactory
Cranial Nerve I
Olfactory Function
Sensory Nerve... Sense of smell
27 terms
Chapter 14 Functions
Frontal Belly
Orbicularis Oculi
Zygomaticus Major
Orbicularis Oris
raises and wrinkles forehead
closes eye
raises corners of mouth
closes and purses lips
Frontal Belly
raises and wrinkles forehead
Orbicularis Oculi
closes eye
74 terms
Pathophysiology Terminology: Chapter 14 - Sensory Function
Amblyopia
Anotia
Anterior chamber
Aqueous humor
The loss of one eye's ability to see details. Amblyopia is th…
The absence of the auricle.
The cavity of the eye interior that is in front of the lens.
Watery liquid in the anterior chamber of the eye that provide…
Amblyopia
The loss of one eye's ability to see details. Amblyopia is th…
Anotia
The absence of the auricle.
9 terms
Biology, Organism Functions, CHAPTER 14
Binary Fission
Population
Evolution
Fitness
A type of asexual reproduction in which one parental cell div…
A group of organisms of the same species living together in t…
Change in allele frequencies in a population over time.
The relative ability of an organism to survive and reproduce…
Binary Fission
A type of asexual reproduction in which one parental cell div…
Population
A group of organisms of the same species living together in t…
34 terms
Chapter 14: Cognitive Functions
anterior commissure
corpus callosum
epilepsy
focus
bundle of axons that connects the two hemispheres of the cere…
bundle of axons that connects the two hemispheres of the cere…
a condition characterized by repeated episodes of excessive s…
point in the brain where an epileptic seizure begins
anterior commissure
bundle of axons that connects the two hemispheres of the cere…
corpus callosum
bundle of axons that connects the two hemispheres of the cere…
28 terms
Chapter 14 (The Digestive System functions)
The digestive system functions are....
The organs of the Digestive System are…
The organs of the alimentary canal are…
Mouth (Oral cavity)
Ingestion, Digestion, Absorption and Defectation
There are two main groups of organs.... The Alimentary canal (ga…
Mouth... Pharynx... Esophagus... Stomach... Small intestine... Large intesti…
The mouth (oral cavity) mucous membrane-lined cavity... Lips (la…
The digestive system functions are....
Ingestion, Digestion, Absorption and Defectation
The organs of the Digestive System are…
There are two main groups of organs.... The Alimentary canal (ga…
18 terms
Chapter 14 - Cognitive Functions
Left Hemisphere
Right Hemisphere
Maturation of the Corpus Callosum
Broca's Aphasia
-Analytic... -Grammar... -pattern recognition as related to language
-Synthetic and holistic -Perception... -face recognition... -patter…
-the corpus callosum grows & thickens as myelin increases aro…
-nonfluent aphasia -> frontal lobe... •Dysfluent, effortful spee…
Left Hemisphere
-Analytic... -Grammar... -pattern recognition as related to language
Right Hemisphere
-Synthetic and holistic -Perception... -face recognition... -patter…
chapter 14 instruments functions
phrophy paste
high volume saliva ejector
saliva ejector
phrophy angle
...
to evacuate fluid from oral cavity and surgical site
remove liquids from the mouth
are used during polishing procedures
phrophy paste
...
high volume saliva ejector
to evacuate fluid from oral cavity and surgical site
48 terms
Functions of Chapter 14
vertebral body
vertebral foramen
thoracic vertebral arch
spinous process
bears weight and articulates with adjacent vertebral bodies a…
passageway for the spinal cord and the dorsal and ventral roo…
protects the spinal cord
muscle attachment
vertebral body
bears weight and articulates with adjacent vertebral bodies a…
vertebral foramen
passageway for the spinal cord and the dorsal and ventral roo…
Chapter 14-Cognitive Functions
corpus callosum
split-brained patients
corpus callosum
anterior; posterior; hippocampal
the _____ ______ is a major commissure which connects the lef…
Behavior of young children can sometimes resemble that of ___…
Persons born without a _______ ______ are not like split-brai…
Smaller commissures include ______, ______, and _______ commi…
corpus callosum
the _____ ______ is a major commissure which connects the lef…
split-brained patients
Behavior of young children can sometimes resemble that of ___…
12 terms
Chapter 14 : Nerves & Functions
Olfactory
Optic
Oculomotor
Trochlear
Sense of smell
Vision
Eye movement, opening of the eyelids, constriction of pupil a…
Eye movement and proprioception
Olfactory
Sense of smell
Optic
Vision
17 terms
Anatomy Chapter 14 - Integration of Nervous System Functions
define sensation
describe the steps to sensation
differentiate between general and spec…
differentiate between somatic and visc…
conscious awareness of stimuli received by sensory receptors
1. stimuli originating either inside or outside of the body m…
general - distributed over a large part of the body, ex: soma…
somatic: information about the body and environment, touch, p…
define sensation
conscious awareness of stimuli received by sensory receptors
describe the steps to sensation
1. stimuli originating either inside or outside of the body m…
35 terms
Chapter 14 - Cognitive Functions
Anterior Commissure
Corpus Callosum
Epilepsy
Focus
bundle of axons that connects the two hemispheres, and anteri…
The largest bundle of axons that connects the two hemispheres…
A condition characterized by repeated episodes of excessive s…
point in the brain where an epileptic seizure begins
Anterior Commissure
bundle of axons that connects the two hemispheres, and anteri…
Corpus Callosum
The largest bundle of axons that connects the two hemispheres…
34 terms
Chapter 14 Cognitive Functions
Anterior Commissure
Corpus Callosum
Epilepsy
Focus
-Bundle of axons that connects the anterior parts of the cere…
-Main bundle of axons that connects the two hemispheres
-A condition characterized by repeated episodes of excessive…
-The point in the brain where an epileptic seizure begins
Anterior Commissure
-Bundle of axons that connects the anterior parts of the cere…
Corpus Callosum
-Main bundle of axons that connects the two hemispheres
55 terms
Chapter 14- Cognitive Functions
Anterior Commissure
Corpus Callosum
Commissures
Epilepsy
Connects the anterior parts of the cerebral cortex and the hi…
The left and the right hemispheres of the cerebral cortex exc…
Bundles of axons that connect the two sides of the brain and…
Conditioned characterized by repeated episodes of excessive s…
Anterior Commissure
Connects the anterior parts of the cerebral cortex and the hi…
Corpus Callosum
The left and the right hemispheres of the cerebral cortex exc…
34 terms
Chapter 14: Cognitive Functions
Anterior Commissure
Corpus Callosum
Epilepsy
Focus
bundle of axons that connects the two hemispheres of the cere…
bundle of axons that connects the two hemispheres of the cere…
a condition characterized by repeated episodes of excessive s…
point in the brain where an epileptic seizure begins
Anterior Commissure
bundle of axons that connects the two hemispheres of the cere…
Corpus Callosum
bundle of axons that connects the two hemispheres of the cere…
14 terms
Cognitive Functions (Chapter 14)
The Left and Right Hemispheres
Visual and Auditory Connections to the…
Cutting the Corpus Callosum
Development of Lateralization and Hand…
The left and right hemisphere exchange information primarily…
Each hemisphere of the brain gets input from the opposite hal…
Damage to the corpus callosum prevents the two hemispheres fr…
Some anatomical differences exist between the hemispheres of…
The Left and Right Hemispheres
The left and right hemisphere exchange information primarily…
Visual and Auditory Connections to the…
Each hemisphere of the brain gets input from the opposite hal…
30 terms
chapter 14 muscles and functions
Biceps Brachii
Brachialis
Triceps Brachi
Brachiaradialis
flexes and supinates forearm, flexes arm
flexes forearm
long head, medial, lateral all extend forearm and help to ext…
flexes forearm and pronates/supinates forearm to neutral posi…
Biceps Brachii
flexes and supinates forearm, flexes arm
Brachialis
flexes forearm
19 terms
Chapter 14: cognitive functions
left hemisphere
right hemisphere
epilepsy
anti-epileptic drug [ AED]
language
recognition of visual/spatial patterns
increased amount of neurons... nervous system activity causes se…
increasing amounts of GABA activity... increase Cl-... decreasing s…
left hemisphere
language
right hemisphere
recognition of visual/spatial patterns
65 terms
Chapter 14: Cognitive Functions
Multiple Choice:... What area of the brai…
The cerebral cortex has folds, those f…
The cerebral cortex is broken down int…
The two hemispheres of the cerebral co…
C) Forebrain
Sulci, Fissures, Gyri
left and right hemispheres.
corpus callosum
Multiple Choice:... What area of the brai…
C) Forebrain
The cerebral cortex has folds, those f…
Sulci, Fissures, Gyri
86 terms
Pathophysiology Terminology: Chapter 14 - Sensory Function
Amblyopia
Anterior chamber
Aqueous humor
Atresia
The loss of one eye's ability to see details. Amblyopia is th…
The cavity of the eye interior that is in front of the lens.
Watery liquid in the anterior chamber of the eye that provide…
A condition in which a body passage is closed or missing. It…
Amblyopia
The loss of one eye's ability to see details. Amblyopia is th…
Anterior chamber
The cavity of the eye interior that is in front of the lens.
Chapter 14: Cognitive Functions
Damage to the human left optic nerve c…
Roger Sperry conducted important resea…
In order for a split-brain patient to…
Several months after split-brain surge…
left eye
split-brain patients
in the right visual field
the hemispheres learn ways of cooperating with each other
Damage to the human left optic nerve c…
left eye
Roger Sperry conducted important resea…
split-brain patients
74 terms
Pathophysiology Terminology: Chapter 14 - Sensory Function
Amblyopia
Anotia
Anterior chamber
Aqueous humor
The loss of one eye's ability to see details. Amblyopia is th…
The absence of the auricle.
The cavity of the eye interior that is in front of the lens.
Watery liquid in the anterior chamber of the eye that provide…
Amblyopia
The loss of one eye's ability to see details. Amblyopia is th…
Anotia
The absence of the auricle.
87 terms
Chapter 14~Brain Structure and Function
Nervous System
Neurons
Neuroglia
effectors
receives and interprets messages about what the body is doing…
carry electrical and chemical messages between the brain and…
support and nourish neurons ... repair brain after injury ... attac…
help the body respond to environmental changes
Nervous System
receives and interprets messages about what the body is doing…
Neurons
carry electrical and chemical messages between the brain and…
22 terms
Chapter 14 Gene Function and Regulation
Gene
Beadle and Tatum's Experiment
Linus Pauling
Ingram
a specific set of DNA that codes for a certain amino acid seq…
Done with red bread mold. They hit the mold with x-rays in or…
Gel electrophoresis of homozygous recessive, heterozygous, an…
(one gene, one polypeptide hypothesis) found that in sickle c…
Gene
a specific set of DNA that codes for a certain amino acid seq…
Beadle and Tatum's Experiment
Done with red bread mold. They hit the mold with x-rays in or…
5 terms
Chapter 14 functions of the Sternum
manubrium
jugular notch
clavicular notches
body
articulates with some costal cartilages, the sternal ends of…
part of manubrium
part of manubrium, each articulates with the sternal end of a…
articulates with some costal cartilages and the manubrium; mu…
manubrium
articulates with some costal cartilages, the sternal ends of…
jugular notch
part of manubrium
74 terms
Patho: Chapter 14 - Sensory Function
Amblyopia
Anotia
Anterior chamber
Aqueous humor
The loss of one eye's ability to see details. Amblyopia is th…
The absence of the auricle.
The cavity of the eye interior that is in front of the lens.
Watery liquid in the anterior chamber of the eye that provide…
Amblyopia
The loss of one eye's ability to see details. Amblyopia is th…
Anotia
The absence of the auricle.
45 terms
Chapter 14 Cognitive functions
What axons are primarily involved in t…
What direction does the sensory input…
Lateralization
What does the corpus callosum allow ea…
Corpus Callosum... Anterior commisure ... Hippocampus commisura ... ot…
Contralateral
Division of function between the two hemispheres
It allows each hemisphere of the brain access to info from bo…
What axons are primarily involved in t…
Corpus Callosum... Anterior commisure ... Hippocampus commisura ... ot…
What direction does the sensory input…
Contralateral
74 terms
Pathophysiology Terminology: Chapter 14 - Sensory Function
Amblyopia
Anotia
Anterior chamber
Aqueous humor
The loss of one eye's ability to see details. Amblyopia is th…
The absence of the auricle.
The cavity of the eye interior that is in front of the lens.
Watery liquid in the anterior chamber of the eye that provide…
Amblyopia
The loss of one eye's ability to see details. Amblyopia is th…
Anotia
The absence of the auricle.
5 terms
Chapter 14 functions of the Ribs
head
tubercule
shaft
costal groove
articulates with the vertebral body of one or two thoracic ve…
articulates with the transverse process of a thoracic vertebra
muscle attachment
muscle attachment; arteries, veins, and nerves run in the gro…
head
articulates with the vertebral body of one or two thoracic ve…
tubercule
articulates with the transverse process of a thoracic vertebra
24 terms
Chapter 14: Cognitive Functions
lateralization
corpus callosum
other areas exchange
light from left
hemispheres serv diff functions
axons exchange info left and right hemispheres the
anterior commissure, hippocampal, other small
shines on right crosses to left at OC
lateralization
hemispheres serv diff functions
corpus callosum
axons exchange info left and right hemispheres the
35 terms
Chapter 14 Body structures & functions
a
phas
a/phas/ia
arterio
without
speech
abnormal conditon of being without speech
artieries
a
without
phas
speech
18 terms
Chapter 14 - "Cognitive Functions"
the Neocortex
Coren & Halpern (1991 chart)
lateralization in baseball
How does info cross b/w hemispheres?
Korbinian Brodman... - 6 layers
% of population that is right-handed increases with age
more left handers (proportionally compared to the rest of soc…
- primarily through corpus callosum... - anterior commissure - t…
the Neocortex
Korbinian Brodman... - 6 layers
Coren & Halpern (1991 chart)
% of population that is right-handed increases with age
10 terms
Chapter 14 Functions of External Brain
Cerebrum
Gyri
Sulci
Dura Matter
Higher brain function, such as conscious thought, intellect,…
Elevated edges in the cerebral cortex
Shallow depressions that separate gyri
Outer covering of brain, Protection
Cerebrum
Higher brain function, such as conscious thought, intellect,…
Gyri
Elevated edges in the cerebral cortex
42 terms
A&P Chapter 14 Brain Areas and their functions
Cerebellum
Cranial Meninges
Ventricles (4)
Limbic System
movement, coordination,balance
protect, contain CSF
transport CSF
Emotional response & memory
Cerebellum
movement, coordination,balance
Cranial Meninges
protect, contain CSF
11 terms
Chapter 14 Functions of Internal Brain
Thalamus
Pineal Gland
Corpus Callosum
brochas area
Left and right; filters sensory info going to the primary sen…
Secretes Melatonin
Connects the Left and right hemispheres of the cerebrum and r…
speech, regulates breathing and vocalization
Thalamus
Left and right; filters sensory info going to the primary sen…
Pineal Gland
Secretes Melatonin
19 terms
Chapter 14: Introduction to Nervous Tissue: Functions
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Sensory Nervous System
Motor Nervous System
Brain, spinal chord
Cranial nerves, spinal nerves, ganglia
Contains receptors, transmits information from receptors to t…
Transmits information from CNS to the rest of the body, sends…
Central Nervous System
Brain, spinal chord
Peripheral Nervous System
Cranial nerves, spinal nerves, ganglia
62 terms
A&P: Chapter 14 Functions
dura mater
arachnoid mater
pia mater
cerebellum
forms a loose fitting sheath around the spinal cord
consists of simple squamous epithelium adhering to the side o…
delicate, transparent membrane that closely follows the conto…
connected by vermis;... all of output comes from deep gray nucle…
dura mater
forms a loose fitting sheath around the spinal cord
arachnoid mater
consists of simple squamous epithelium adhering to the side o…
35 terms
chapter 14 higher cerebral functions
cerebral lateralization
categorical hemisphere
represental hemisphere
cognition
neither hemisphere is dominant but it is specialized for spec…
left; spoke and written language, analytical reasoning
right; perceives information, more integrated, artistic patte…
range of mental processes by which we aquire and use knowledg…
cerebral lateralization
neither hemisphere is dominant but it is specialized for spec…
categorical hemisphere
left; spoke and written language, analytical reasoning
16 terms
Chapter 14: Specific Autonomic Functions
Iris of eye (sympathetic)
Iris of eye (parasympathetic)
Lens of eye (sympathetic)
Lens of eys (parasympathetic)
dilate pupil (to see more)
constrict pupil ( do not need to see far enough, need to relax)
relax
contract
Iris of eye (sympathetic)
dilate pupil (to see more)
Iris of eye (parasympathetic)
constrict pupil ( do not need to see far enough, need to relax)
54 terms
Chapter 14: lobes and thier functions
Frontal lobe
Parietal lobe
Occipital lobe
Temporal lobe
Concerned with voluntary motor functions, motivations, foresi…
Primary site for receiving and interpreting signals of the ge…
Visual center of the brain
concerned with hearing, smell, learning, memory, and some asp…
Frontal lobe
Concerned with voluntary motor functions, motivations, foresi…
Parietal lobe
Primary site for receiving and interpreting signals of the ge…
11 terms
Organic Chemistry Chapter 14 (functional groups)
carboxylic acids
alcohol
phenol
thiol
carbon atom of a carbonyl group is attached to a hydroxyl gro…
the functional group known as a hydroxyl group, replaces a hy…
the hydroxyl group replaces a hydrogen atom attached to a ben…
contains a sulfur atom, replaced by -SH
carboxylic acids
carbon atom of a carbonyl group is attached to a hydroxyl gro…
alcohol
the functional group known as a hydroxyl group, replaces a hy…
74 terms
Pathophysiology Terminology: Chapter 14 - Sensory Function
Amblyopia
Anotia
Anterior chamber
Aqueous humor
The loss of one eye's ability to see details. Amblyopia is th…
The absence of the auricle.
The cavity of the eye interior that is in front of the lens.
Watery liquid in the anterior chamber of the eye that provide…
Amblyopia
The loss of one eye's ability to see details. Amblyopia is th…
Anotia
The absence of the auricle.
22 terms
Structural and functional organization of the brain Chapter 14
Cerebral Cortex
Thalamus
Hypothalamus
Cerebellum
(Thin top layer of cerebrum) Performs activities such as thin…
(Medial) Interprets certain sensory messages such as pain, te…
Below the thalamus; (eating, drinking, body temperature, resp…
Contributes to muscle tone, posture, and balance (fine motor…
Cerebral Cortex
(Thin top layer of cerebrum) Performs activities such as thin…
Thalamus
(Medial) Interprets certain sensory messages such as pain, te…
14 terms
Chapter 14: Cognitive Function
left
right
split brain operation
commissures
The _____ hemisphere is usually better at producing language,…
The ____ hemisphere is usually better at recognition of visua…
An operation in which the surgeon biceps the corpus callosum.
Smaller brain regions that allow information transfer between…
left
The _____ hemisphere is usually better at producing language,…
right
The ____ hemisphere is usually better at recognition of visua…
74 terms
Pathophysiology Terminology: Chapter 14 - Sensory Function
Amblyopia
Anotia
Anterior chamber
Aqueous humor
The loss of one eye's ability to see details. Amblyopia is th…
The absence of the auricle.
The cavity of the eye interior that is in front of the lens.
Watery liquid in the anterior chamber of the eye that provide…
Amblyopia
The loss of one eye's ability to see details. Amblyopia is th…
Anotia
The absence of the auricle.
74 terms
Pathophysiology Terminology: Chapter 14 - Sensory Function
Amblyopia
Anotia
Anterior chamber
Aqueous humor
The loss of one eye's ability to see details. Amblyopia is th…
The absence of the auricle.
The cavity of the eye interior that is in front of the lens.
Watery liquid in the anterior chamber of the eye that provide…
Amblyopia
The loss of one eye's ability to see details. Amblyopia is th…
Anotia
The absence of the auricle.
74 terms
NUR 303 - Chapter 14 Sensory Function
Amblyopia
Anotia
Anterior chamber
Aqueous humor
The loss of one eye's ability to see details. Amblyopia is th…
The absence of the auricle.
The cavity of the eye interior that is in front of the lens.
Watery liquid in the anterior chamber of the eye that provide…
Amblyopia
The loss of one eye's ability to see details. Amblyopia is th…
Anotia
The absence of the auricle.
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