Study sets matching "functions chapter 14"

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35 terms
Chapter 14 Brain Functions
Cerebrum
Diencephalon
Thalamus
Hypothalamus
Controls conscious thought processes, memory storage and proc…
Contains thalamus and hypothalamus
Relay and processing center for sensory information
Controls emotions, autonomic functions, hormone production
Cerebrum
Controls conscious thought processes, memory storage and proc…
Diencephalon
Contains thalamus and hypothalamus
23 terms
Chapter 14: Cognitive Functions
brain lateralization
differences between the hemispheres
CONNECTIONS (FIBER TRACTS) B/T LEFT AN…
three fiber tracts
> Right and left hemispheres serve different functions... > Late…
> Left hemisphere... focus on elements -> parts make up the whol…
...
> Anterior commissure - connects anterior subcortical structu…
brain lateralization
> Right and left hemispheres serve different functions... > Late…
differences between the hemispheres
> Left hemisphere... focus on elements -> parts make up the whol…
27 terms
Chapter 14 Functions
Frontal Belly
Orbicularis Oculi
Zygomaticus Major
Orbicularis Oris
raises and wrinkles forehead
closes eye
raises corners of mouth
closes and purses lips
Frontal Belly
raises and wrinkles forehead
Orbicularis Oculi
closes eye
26 terms
Chapter 14 Cranial Nerves Functions + Numbers
Olfactory
Olfactory Function
Optic
Optic Function
Cranial Nerve I
Sensory Nerve... Sense of smell
Cranial Nerve II
Sensory Nerve... Sense of Sight
Olfactory
Cranial Nerve I
Olfactory Function
Sensory Nerve... Sense of smell
34 terms
Chapter 14: Cognitive Functions
anterior commissure
corpus callosum
epilepsy
focus
bundle of axons that connects the two hemispheres of the cere…
bundle of axons that connects the two hemispheres of the cere…
a condition characterized by repeated episodes of excessive s…
point in the brain where an epileptic seizure begins
anterior commissure
bundle of axons that connects the two hemispheres of the cere…
corpus callosum
bundle of axons that connects the two hemispheres of the cere…
Chapter 14 : Nerves & Functions
Olfactory
Optic
Oculomotor
Trochlear
Sense of smell
Vision
Eye movement, opening of the eyelids, constriction of pupil a…
Eye movement and proprioception
Olfactory
Sense of smell
Optic
Vision
Chapter 14-Cognitive Functions
corpus callosum
split-brained patients
corpus callosum
anterior; posterior; hippocampal
the _____ ______ is a major commissure which connects the lef…
Behavior of young children can sometimes resemble that of ___…
Persons born without a _______ ______ are not like split-brai…
Smaller commissures include ______, ______, and _______ commi…
corpus callosum
the _____ ______ is a major commissure which connects the lef…
split-brained patients
Behavior of young children can sometimes resemble that of ___…
18 terms
Chapter 14 - Cognitive Functions
Left Hemisphere
Right Hemisphere
Maturation of the Corpus Callosum
Broca's Aphasia
-Analytic... -Grammar... -pattern recognition as related to language
-Synthetic and holistic -Perception... -face recognition... -patter…
-the corpus callosum grows & thickens as myelin increases aro…
-nonfluent aphasia -> frontal lobe... •Dysfluent, effortful spee…
Left Hemisphere
-Analytic... -Grammar... -pattern recognition as related to language
Right Hemisphere
-Synthetic and holistic -Perception... -face recognition... -patter…
35 terms
Chapter 14 - Cognitive Functions
Anterior Commissure
Corpus Callosum
Epilepsy
Focus
bundle of axons that connects the two hemispheres, and anteri…
The largest bundle of axons that connects the two hemispheres…
A condition characterized by repeated episodes of excessive s…
point in the brain where an epileptic seizure begins
Anterior Commissure
bundle of axons that connects the two hemispheres, and anteri…
Corpus Callosum
The largest bundle of axons that connects the two hemispheres…
34 terms
Chapter 14 Cognitive Functions
Anterior Commissure
Corpus Callosum
Epilepsy
Focus
-Bundle of axons that connects the anterior parts of the cere…
-Main bundle of axons that connects the two hemispheres
-A condition characterized by repeated episodes of excessive…
-The point in the brain where an epileptic seizure begins
Anterior Commissure
-Bundle of axons that connects the anterior parts of the cere…
Corpus Callosum
-Main bundle of axons that connects the two hemispheres
chapter 14 instruments functions
phrophy paste
high volume saliva ejector
saliva ejector
phrophy angle
...
to evacuate fluid from oral cavity and surgical site
remove liquids from the mouth
are used during polishing procedures
phrophy paste
...
high volume saliva ejector
to evacuate fluid from oral cavity and surgical site
55 terms
Chapter 14- Cognitive Functions
Anterior Commissure
Corpus Callosum
Commissures
Epilepsy
Connects the anterior parts of the cerebral cortex and the hi…
The left and the right hemispheres of the cerebral cortex exc…
Bundles of axons that connect the two sides of the brain and…
Conditioned characterized by repeated episodes of excessive s…
Anterior Commissure
Connects the anterior parts of the cerebral cortex and the hi…
Corpus Callosum
The left and the right hemispheres of the cerebral cortex exc…
34 terms
Chapter 14: Cognitive Functions
Anterior Commissure
Corpus Callosum
Epilepsy
Focus
bundle of axons that connects the two hemispheres of the cere…
bundle of axons that connects the two hemispheres of the cere…
a condition characterized by repeated episodes of excessive s…
point in the brain where an epileptic seizure begins
Anterior Commissure
bundle of axons that connects the two hemispheres of the cere…
Corpus Callosum
bundle of axons that connects the two hemispheres of the cere…
14 terms
Cognitive Functions (Chapter 14)
The Left and Right Hemispheres
Visual and Auditory Connections to the…
Cutting the Corpus Callosum
Development of Lateralization and Hand…
The left and right hemisphere exchange information primarily…
Each hemisphere of the brain gets input from the opposite hal…
Damage to the corpus callosum prevents the two hemispheres fr…
Some anatomical differences exist between the hemispheres of…
The Left and Right Hemispheres
The left and right hemisphere exchange information primarily…
Visual and Auditory Connections to the…
Each hemisphere of the brain gets input from the opposite hal…
Biology, Organism Functions, CHAPTER 14
Binary Fission
Population
Evolution
Fitness
A type of asexual reproduction in which one parental cell div…
A group of organisms of the same species living together in t…
Change in allele frequencies in a population over time.
The relative ability of an organism to survive and reproduce…
Binary Fission
A type of asexual reproduction in which one parental cell div…
Population
A group of organisms of the same species living together in t…
28 terms
Chapter 14 (The Digestive System functions)
The digestive system functions are....
The organs of the Digestive System are…
The organs of the alimentary canal are…
Mouth (Oral cavity)
Ingestion, Digestion, Absorption and Defectation
There are two main groups of organs.... The Alimentary canal (ga…
Mouth... Pharynx... Esophagus... Stomach... Small intestine... Large intesti…
The mouth (oral cavity) mucous membrane-lined cavity... Lips (la…
The digestive system functions are....
Ingestion, Digestion, Absorption and Defectation
The organs of the Digestive System are…
There are two main groups of organs.... The Alimentary canal (ga…
Structures and Functions (Chapter 14)
Testicles
Ovaries
Fallopian Tubes
Uterus
Produce sperm and the male hormone testosterone.
Produce ova (eggs) and female hormones.
Catch mature ova, provide the site for fertilization, transpo…
Protects and supports the developing child.
Testicles
Produce sperm and the male hormone testosterone.
Ovaries
Produce ova (eggs) and female hormones.
30 terms
chapter 14 muscles and functions
Biceps Brachii
Brachialis
Triceps Brachi
Brachiaradialis
flexes and supinates forearm, flexes arm
flexes forearm
long head, medial, lateral all extend forearm and help to ext…
flexes forearm and pronates/supinates forearm to neutral posi…
Biceps Brachii
flexes and supinates forearm, flexes arm
Brachialis
flexes forearm
74 terms
Pathophysiology Terminology: Chapter 14 - Sensory Function
Amblyopia
Anotia
Anterior chamber
Aqueous humor
The loss of one eye's ability to see details. Amblyopia is th…
The absence of the auricle.
The cavity of the eye interior that is in front of the lens.
Watery liquid in the anterior chamber of the eye that provide…
Amblyopia
The loss of one eye's ability to see details. Amblyopia is th…
Anotia
The absence of the auricle.
Chapter 14: cognitive functions
left hemisphere
right hemisphere
epilepsy
anti-epileptic drug [ AED]
language
recognition of visual/spatial patterns
increased amount of neurons... nervous system activity causes se…
increasing amounts of GABA activity... increase Cl-... decreasing s…
left hemisphere
language
right hemisphere
recognition of visual/spatial patterns
Chapter 14: Cognitive Functions
Damage to the human left optic nerve c…
Roger Sperry conducted important resea…
In order for a split-brain patient to…
Several months after split-brain surge…
left eye
split-brain patients
in the right visual field
the hemispheres learn ways of cooperating with each other
Damage to the human left optic nerve c…
left eye
Roger Sperry conducted important resea…
split-brain patients
Chapter 14: Cognitive Functions
Multiple Choice:... What area of the brai…
The cerebral cortex has folds, those f…
The cerebral cortex is broken down int…
The two hemispheres of the cerebral co…
C) Forebrain
Sulci, Fissures, Gyri
left and right hemispheres.
corpus callosum
Multiple Choice:... What area of the brai…
C) Forebrain
The cerebral cortex has folds, those f…
Sulci, Fissures, Gyri
45 terms
Chapter 14 Cognitive functions
What axons are primarily involved in t…
What direction does the sensory input…
Lateralization
What does the corpus callosum allow ea…
Corpus Callosum... Anterior commisure ... Hippocampus commisura ... ot…
Contralateral
Division of function between the two hemispheres
It allows each hemisphere of the brain access to info from bo…
What axons are primarily involved in t…
Corpus Callosum... Anterior commisure ... Hippocampus commisura ... ot…
What direction does the sensory input…
Contralateral
Chapter 14 functions of the Sternum
manubrium
jugular notch
clavicular notches
body
articulates with some costal cartilages, the sternal ends of…
part of manubrium
part of manubrium, each articulates with the sternal end of a…
articulates with some costal cartilages and the manubrium; mu…
manubrium
articulates with some costal cartilages, the sternal ends of…
jugular notch
part of manubrium
Structure and Function: Chapter 14
BLOOD VESSEL GROUPS
Arteries
Arterioles
Capillaries
...
Carry blood away from the heart and towards the tissue. The v…
Small subdivisions of the arteries. They carry blood into the…
Tiny, thin-walled vessels that allow for exchange between sys…
BLOOD VESSEL GROUPS
...
Arteries
Carry blood away from the heart and towards the tissue. The v…
24 terms
Chapter 14: Cognitive Functions
lateralization
corpus callosum
other areas exchange
light from left
hemispheres serv diff functions
axons exchange info left and right hemispheres the
anterior commissure, hippocampal, other small
shines on right crosses to left at OC
lateralization
hemispheres serv diff functions
corpus callosum
axons exchange info left and right hemispheres the
15 terms
Chapter 14 The Implementing Function
Guiding employee feedback toward achie…
1. Effective Communication... 2. Employee…
A set of factors that will influence a…
Rewards and Punishments
What does implementing involve?
List 3 areas that will impact the implementing function.
Define employee motivation.
What do managers use to motivate employees toward company goa…
Guiding employee feedback toward achie…
What does implementing involve?
1. Effective Communication... 2. Employee…
List 3 areas that will impact the implementing function.
17 terms
Chapter 14: The Controlling Function
Controlling Function
Standard
1. Quantity... 2. Quality... 3. Time... 4. Cost
Quantity Standard
What is the management function that determines whether goals…
What is a measure used to compare performance in order to det…
What are the four types of standards used by business?
What standard is in use when a production manager specifies a…
Controlling Function
What is the management function that determines whether goals…
Standard
What is a measure used to compare performance in order to det…
87 terms
Chapter 14~Brain Structure and Function
Nervous System
Neurons
Neuroglia
effectors
receives and interprets messages about what the body is doing…
carry electrical and chemical messages between the brain and…
support and nourish neurons ... repair brain after injury ... attac…
help the body respond to environmental changes
Nervous System
receives and interprets messages about what the body is doing…
Neurons
carry electrical and chemical messages between the brain and…
22 terms
Chapter 14 Gene Function and Regulation
Gene
Beadle and Tatum's Experiment
Linus Pauling
Ingram
a specific set of DNA that codes for a certain amino acid seq…
Done with red bread mold. They hit the mold with x-rays in or…
Gel electrophoresis of homozygous recessive, heterozygous, an…
(one gene, one polypeptide hypothesis) found that in sickle c…
Gene
a specific set of DNA that codes for a certain amino acid seq…
Beadle and Tatum's Experiment
Done with red bread mold. They hit the mold with x-rays in or…
74 terms
Patho: Chapter 14 - Sensory Function
Amblyopia
Anotia
Anterior chamber
Aqueous humor
The loss of one eye's ability to see details. Amblyopia is th…
The absence of the auricle.
The cavity of the eye interior that is in front of the lens.
Watery liquid in the anterior chamber of the eye that provide…
Amblyopia
The loss of one eye's ability to see details. Amblyopia is th…
Anotia
The absence of the auricle.
62 terms
A&P: Chapter 14 Functions
dura mater
arachnoid mater
pia mater
cerebellum
forms a loose fitting sheath around the spinal cord
consists of simple squamous epithelium adhering to the side o…
delicate, transparent membrane that closely follows the conto…
connected by vermis;... all of output comes from deep gray nucle…
dura mater
forms a loose fitting sheath around the spinal cord
arachnoid mater
consists of simple squamous epithelium adhering to the side o…
chapter 14 higher cerebral functions
cerebral lateralization
categorical hemisphere
represental hemisphere
cognition
neither hemisphere is dominant but it is specialized for spec…
left; spoke and written language, analytical reasoning
right; perceives information, more integrated, artistic patte…
range of mental processes by which we aquire and use knowledg…
cerebral lateralization
neither hemisphere is dominant but it is specialized for spec…
categorical hemisphere
left; spoke and written language, analytical reasoning
16 terms
Chapter 14: Specific Autonomic Functions
Iris of eye (sympathetic)
Iris of eye (parasympathetic)
Lens of eye (sympathetic)
Lens of eys (parasympathetic)
dilate pupil (to see more)
constrict pupil ( do not need to see far enough, need to relax)
relax
contract
Iris of eye (sympathetic)
dilate pupil (to see more)
Iris of eye (parasympathetic)
constrict pupil ( do not need to see far enough, need to relax)
35 terms
Chapter 14 Body structures & functions
a
phas
a/phas/ia
arterio
without
speech
abnormal conditon of being without speech
artieries
a
without
phas
speech
Chapter 14: lobes and thier functions
Frontal lobe
Parietal lobe
Occipital lobe
Temporal lobe
Concerned with voluntary motor functions, motivations, foresi…
Primary site for receiving and interpreting signals of the ge…
Visual center of the brain
concerned with hearing, smell, learning, memory, and some asp…
Frontal lobe
Concerned with voluntary motor functions, motivations, foresi…
Parietal lobe
Primary site for receiving and interpreting signals of the ge…
Chapter 14 Nervous System Functions
General Senses
Primary Receptors
Somatic
Visceral
Large part of the body
Somatic and Visceral
Information about the body and environment... Touch... Pressure... Tem…
Information about internal organs... Pain and Pressure
General Senses
Large part of the body
Primary Receptors
Somatic and Visceral
5 terms
Cognitive Functions (Chapter 14)
both hemispheres
epilepsy
lateralization of function
dyslexia
communicate by means of:... corpus callosum... anterior commissure…
condition characterized by repeated episodes of excessive syn…
each hemisphere controls the contralateral side of the body... s…
a specific impairment of reading in someone with intact visio…
both hemispheres
communicate by means of:... corpus callosum... anterior commissure…
epilepsy
condition characterized by repeated episodes of excessive syn…
Functions of Chapter 14
vertebral body
vertebral foramen
thoracic vertebral arch
spinous process
bears weight and articulates with adjacent vertebral bodies a…
passageway for the spinal cord and the dorsal and ventral roo…
protects the spinal cord
muscle attachment
vertebral body
bears weight and articulates with adjacent vertebral bodies a…
vertebral foramen
passageway for the spinal cord and the dorsal and ventral roo…
74 terms
Pathophysiology Terminology: Chapter 14 - Sensory Function
Amblyopia
Anotia
Anterior chamber
Aqueous humor
The loss of one eye's ability to see details. Amblyopia is th…
The absence of the auricle.
The cavity of the eye interior that is in front of the lens.
Watery liquid in the anterior chamber of the eye that provide…
Amblyopia
The loss of one eye's ability to see details. Amblyopia is th…
Anotia
The absence of the auricle.
Chapter 14 Executive Functions
Executive Functions
Types of Executive Function
Tower of Hanoi
N-Back Task
Influence and coordination over other cognitive processes
1. Planning and decision making... 2. Overcoming habitual respon…
Asks particpants to move beads or rings from one point to ano…
Asks participants to look for an item that matches another fr…
Executive Functions
Influence and coordination over other cognitive processes
Types of Executive Function
1. Planning and decision making... 2. Overcoming habitual respon…
44 terms
Structure and Function Chapter 14
blood vessel groups
blood circuits
vessel strucure
pulmoary circuit
arteries, arterioles, capillaries, venules, veins
pulmonary circuit and systemic circuit
inner tunic, middle tunic, outer tunic
delivers blood to the lungs where carbon dioxide is eliminated
blood vessel groups
arteries, arterioles, capillaries, venules, veins
blood circuits
pulmonary circuit and systemic circuit
14 terms
Chapter 14: Cognitive Function
left
right
split brain operation
commissures
The _____ hemisphere is usually better at producing language,…
The ____ hemisphere is usually better at recognition of visua…
An operation in which the surgeon biceps the corpus callosum.
Smaller brain regions that allow information transfer between…
left
The _____ hemisphere is usually better at producing language,…
right
The ____ hemisphere is usually better at recognition of visua…
34 terms
Chapter 14: Cholinergic Function
Nicotinic-N location
Nicotinic-M location
Muscarinic location
Nicotinic-N response to stimulation
all ANS ganglia... adrenal medulla
neuromuscular junction
eye... heart... lung... blood vessels... GU system... GI system... Sweat glands…
-stimulation of sympathetic and parasympathetic post-ganglion…
Nicotinic-N location
all ANS ganglia... adrenal medulla
Nicotinic-M location
neuromuscular junction
Chapter 14- structure and function
androgens
cervix
chromosom
Embryo
hormones that promote the production of male gametes
common term of the uterine cervix
a gene bearing bundle of DNA found in the nucleus of all cells
name change from zygote after the first cell division until t…
androgens
hormones that promote the production of male gametes
cervix
common term of the uterine cervix
Chapter 14- Sensory Function
Congenital Cataracts
Clouding of the lens results in
Cause of Congenital cataracts
Manifestations of Congenital cataracts
Involve a clouding of the lens that is present at birth.
Hazy vision
No specific cause can be identified but have been associated…
Clouding of the lens... Failure of the affected infant to demons…
Congenital Cataracts
Involve a clouding of the lens that is present at birth.
Clouding of the lens results in
Hazy vision
Chapter 14 Structure and Function
androgens
cervix
chromosome
embryo
hormones that promote the production of male gametes
common term for the uterine cervix
a gene-bearing bundle of DNA found in the nucleus of all cells
name change from zygote after the first cell division until t…
androgens
hormones that promote the production of male gametes
cervix
common term for the uterine cervix
64 terms
Structure and Function: Chapter 14
BLOOD VESSEL GROUPS
Arteries
Arterioles
Capillaries
...
Carry blood away from the heart and towards the tissue. The v…
Small subdivisions of the arteries. They carry blood into the…
Tiny, thin-walled vessels that allow for exchange between sys…
BLOOD VESSEL GROUPS
...
Arteries
Carry blood away from the heart and towards the tissue. The v…
74 terms
Pathophysiology Terminology: Chapter 14 - Sensory Function
Amblyopia
Anotia
Anterior chamber
Aqueous humor
The loss of one eye's ability to see details. Amblyopia is th…
The absence of the auricle.
The cavity of the eye interior that is in front of the lens.
Watery liquid in the anterior chamber of the eye that provide…
Amblyopia
The loss of one eye's ability to see details. Amblyopia is th…
Anotia
The absence of the auricle.
chapter 14: 5 functions, joints
immovable joints
moveable joints
hinge joint
ball-and-socket joint
some joints in the body connect bones in a way that allows li…
most joints in the body are _____. ______ allow the body to m…
_____ allows forward or backward movement
_____ allow the greatest range of motion
immovable joints
some joints in the body connect bones in a way that allows li…
moveable joints
most joints in the body are _____. ______ allow the body to m…
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