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Study sets matching "functions human biology"

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Study sets matching "functions human biology"

18 terms
Human Biology - Cell Functions
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
Nucleus
Mitochondria
Production and transportation of proteins throughout the cell
Transports materials throughout the cell
Controls all functions within the cell through the actions of…
Power house of cell. Cellular respiration. Provides energy in…
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
Production and transportation of proteins throughout the cell
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
Transports materials throughout the cell
22 terms
Biology human body functions
Nutrition
Transport
Respiration
Excretion
the way in which organisms obtain and use food
two part function that includes ... a. Absorption-the taking in…
processes which provide energy necessary for the life functio…
removal of metabolic wastes from the organism(not feces)
Nutrition
the way in which organisms obtain and use food
Transport
two part function that includes ... a. Absorption-the taking in…
10 terms
Human biology - Organelle functions
Cell membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)
Controls what enters and exits the cell, keeps materials in t…
Where reactions take place, gives the cell shape
Controls activities in the cell
Provides site for chemical reactions and stores and transport…
Cell membrane
Controls what enters and exits the cell, keeps materials in t…
Cytoplasm
Where reactions take place, gives the cell shape
21 terms
HUMAN BIOLOGY HORMONES AND FUNCTIONS
oxytocin
Anitidiuretic hormone (ADH)
Growth hormone
Adrenocorticotropic hormone
Posterior Pituitary: Muscle contraction in uterus during labo…
Posterior Pituitary: kidneys- blood vessel constriction to ra…
Anterior Pituitary: soft tissue, bone
Anterior Pituitary: Adrenal cortex- stimulates adrenal cortex
oxytocin
Posterior Pituitary: Muscle contraction in uterus during labo…
Anitidiuretic hormone (ADH)
Posterior Pituitary: kidneys- blood vessel constriction to ra…
11 terms
Biology: Human Systems and Functions
Skeletal system
Muscular system
Integumentary system
Cardiovascular system
Provides structure and protection to internal organs
Provides structure and supports and moves trunk and limbs; mo…
Protective against pathogens and helps regulate body temperat…
Transports nutrients and wastes to and from body tissues
Skeletal system
Provides structure and protection to internal organs
Muscular system
Provides structure and supports and moves trunk and limbs; mo…
15 terms
Human Biology: Organs with functions
Brain
Rectum
Urinary Bladder
Gallbladder
everything through out the body. Thoughts, movement, etc..
holds feces
holds urine
holds bile
Brain
everything through out the body. Thoughts, movement, etc..
Rectum
holds feces
25 terms
organ function : human biology
glottis
epiglottis
trachea
esophagus
production of sound... (respiratory system)
allows air into larynx, during digesting the _________ closes…
providing airflow to and from the lungs for respiration ... (res…
carries chewed food from the mouth through the thoracic cavit…
glottis
production of sound... (respiratory system)
epiglottis
allows air into larynx, during digesting the _________ closes…
19 terms
Human Biology- Eyes and Ear Functions
sclera
cornea
iris
lens
white of the eye (connective tissue)
light enters here first, some focus.
colored portion of the eye that determines the size of the pu…
completes focus, attached to suspensory ligaments and cilary…
sclera
white of the eye (connective tissue)
cornea
light enters here first, some focus.
113 terms
Human Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell
tissues
What are the main principles of cell t…
Extracellular matrix ( EMC)
smallest unit of life
organized multicellular cells
1. Cell is the basic unit of life... 2. All living organisms are…
Meshwork of proteins and polysaccharides in close association…
cell
smallest unit of life
tissues
organized multicellular cells
17 terms
Biology - Human Reproductive System Functions
oviduct/fallopian tube
ovary
muscular wall of uterus
uterus
Tube along which the egg passes (has ciliated epithelial cell…
One egg develops each month and bursts through the surface of…
Contracts in child birth to push the baby out
The organ in which the zygote grows into a baby
oviduct/fallopian tube
Tube along which the egg passes (has ciliated epithelial cell…
ovary
One egg develops each month and bursts through the surface of…
58 terms
Human Biology - Cell Structure and Function
Active Transport
Adhering Junctions
Carrier Protein
Cell
Uses energy to move molecules against their concentration gra…
An intercellular junction that allows stretching of animal ti…
Membrane protein which alters shape to move glucose or amino…
Smallest Unit of life.
Active Transport
Uses energy to move molecules against their concentration gra…
Adhering Junctions
An intercellular junction that allows stretching of animal ti…
17 terms
Biology - Human Reproductive Structures and Functions
Oviduct / fallopian tube
Ovary
Muscular walls of uterus
Uterus
Tube which the egg passes along - has ciliated epithelial cel…
One egg develops each month and burst through the surface of…
Contracts to push the baby out of the body.
The organ in which the embryo develops
Oviduct / fallopian tube
Tube which the egg passes along - has ciliated epithelial cel…
Ovary
One egg develops each month and burst through the surface of…
10 terms
Human Organ Systems-Biology (Functions)
Nervous System
Integumentary System
Respiratory System
Digestive System
Recognizes and coordinates the body's response to changes and…
Serves as a barrier against infection and injury; helps to re…
Provides oxygen needed for cellular respiration and removes e…
Converts food into simpler molecules that can be used by the…
Nervous System
Recognizes and coordinates the body's response to changes and…
Integumentary System
Serves as a barrier against infection and injury; helps to re…
55 terms
Human Biology - Cell Structure and Function
Active Transport
Adhering Junctions
Carrier Protein
Cell
Uses energy to move molecules against their concentration gra…
An intercellular junction that allows stretching of animal ti…
Membrane protein which alters shape to move glucose or amino…
Smallest Unit of life.
Active Transport
Uses energy to move molecules against their concentration gra…
Adhering Junctions
An intercellular junction that allows stretching of animal ti…
58 terms
Human Biology - Cell Structure and Function
Active Transport
Adhering Junctions
Carrier Protein
Cell
Uses energy to move molecules against their concentration gra…
An intercellular junction that allows stretching of animal ti…
Membrane protein which alters shape to move glucose or amino…
Smallest Unit of life.
Active Transport
Uses energy to move molecules against their concentration gra…
Adhering Junctions
An intercellular junction that allows stretching of animal ti…
10 terms
Cell structure & function. Human biology
Rough E.R.
Smooth E.R.
Golgi Apparatus
Vesicles
Attached ribosomes, synthesis most chemical compounds
Packing proteins & lipids for G.A.
Refining, packaging & shipping center
Membrane bound storage & shipping containers
Rough E.R.
Attached ribosomes, synthesis most chemical compounds
Smooth E.R.
Packing proteins & lipids for G.A.
64 terms
Biology Human Organ Structure and Function
Diaphragm
Liver
Stomach
Cardiac Sphincter
Main muscle of respiration, contraction expands the lungs (br…
Large organ, Stores Glycogen and breaking down toxic substanc…
Organ involved in mechanical and chemical digestion... Elastic b…
Circular muscle... Door to stomach, allows food into stomach... Loc…
Diaphragm
Main muscle of respiration, contraction expands the lungs (br…
Liver
Large organ, Stores Glycogen and breaking down toxic substanc…
26 terms
Human Biology: Introduction of Structure and Function
Anatomy
Physiology
Pathophysiology
Synapse
the study of the structure of the body
the study of the function of the body
the study of disease processes and how it affects the body's…
gap between neurons
Anatomy
the study of the structure of the body
Physiology
the study of the function of the body
14 terms
Functional Human Biology- Week 8
Catalyst
Prokaryotic
Eukaryotic
Glycogen
Works by Decreasing the activation energy for a chemical reac…
Does not contain a nucleus
Contains a nucleus- Humans contain these cells
the substance comprised of DNA and its associated proteins
Catalyst
Works by Decreasing the activation energy for a chemical reac…
Prokaryotic
Does not contain a nucleus
30 terms
Biology Human Organ Structure and Function
Diaphragm
Liver
Stomach
Cardiac Sphincter
Main muscle of respiration, expands the lungs... Separates thora…
Large organ, Stores Glycogen and breaking down toxic substanc…
Organ involved in mechanical and chemical digestion... Elastic b…
Circular muscle... Door to stomach, allows food into stomach... Loc…
Diaphragm
Main muscle of respiration, expands the lungs... Separates thora…
Liver
Large organ, Stores Glycogen and breaking down toxic substanc…
17 terms
Human Biology: Cell Function Metabolism
What are the 7 key functions in the cell
Transport
Assimilation
Digestion
1.) Transport... 2.) Assimilation... 3.) Digestion... 4.) Synthesis... 5.…
passive and active movement of matter across membranes in and…
incorporation into the cell of proper matter and utilized of…
chemically breaking down of foods or other materials (by enzy…
What are the 7 key functions in the cell
1.) Transport... 2.) Assimilation... 3.) Digestion... 4.) Synthesis... 5.…
Transport
passive and active movement of matter across membranes in and…
58 terms
Human Biology - Cell Structure and Function
Active Transport
Adhering Junctions
Carrier Protein
Cell
Uses energy to move molecules against their concentration gra…
An intercellular junction that allows stretching of animal ti…
Membrane protein which alters shape to move glucose or amino…
Smallest Unit of life.
Active Transport
Uses energy to move molecules against their concentration gra…
Adhering Junctions
An intercellular junction that allows stretching of animal ti…
9 terms
Human Biology UNIT 1 the functioning human body
Cell membrane
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
Organelles
Outer boundary of the cell that separates it from neighbourin…
Thick fluid within the cell membrane and all the structures s…
The liquid part of the cytoplasm 70-90% water
Specialised structures suspended in the cytoplasm
Cell membrane
Outer boundary of the cell that separates it from neighbourin…
Cytoplasm
Thick fluid within the cell membrane and all the structures s…
47 terms
Biology Human Organ Structure and Function
Diaphragm
Liver
Stomach
Cardiac Sphincter
Main muscle of respiration, contraction expands the lungs (br…
Large organ, Stores Glycogen and breaking down toxic substanc…
Organ involved in mechanical and chemical digestion... Elastic b…
Circular muscle... Door to stomach, allows food into stomach... Loc…
Diaphragm
Main muscle of respiration, contraction expands the lungs (br…
Liver
Large organ, Stores Glycogen and breaking down toxic substanc…
Human Biology Cell Structure and Function
CELL WALL
CELL MEMBRANE
CYTOPLASM
NUCLEUS
Rigid, tough, made of cellulose... Protects and supports the cel…
Thin, covering, protects cells... Protects the cell, performs ac…
Jelly like substance that contains organelles... Pads and suppor…
Dense, ball shaped structure, contains DNA... Controls all of th…
CELL WALL
Rigid, tough, made of cellulose... Protects and supports the cel…
CELL MEMBRANE
Thin, covering, protects cells... Protects the cell, performs ac…
21 terms
Functional Human Biology- Chapter 8
Enzymes
Kinetic Energy
Potential Energy
Free energy of an reaction
a substance produced by a living organism that acts as a cata…
Energy of motion
Energy of position or configuration
Free energy available to do work
Enzymes
a substance produced by a living organism that acts as a cata…
Kinetic Energy
Energy of motion
19 terms
Human Biology: Functions of Major Digestive Parts
Salivary glands
Esophagus
Cardiac sphincter
Stomach
Secrete salivary enzymes for chemical breakdown of food. Star…
Transports bolus to the stomach utilizing a series of muscula…
Allow food from the esophagus to pass through to the stomach…
To chemically and mechanically break down nutrients using chu…
Salivary glands
Secrete salivary enzymes for chemical breakdown of food. Star…
Esophagus
Transports bolus to the stomach utilizing a series of muscula…
Biology - Female Human Reproductive Structures and Functions
Oviduct/fallopian tube
Ovary
Muscular wall of uterus
Uterus
Tube along which the egg passes - has ciliated epithelial cel…
One egg develops each month and bursts through the surface of…
Contracts in child birth to push the baby out
The organ in which the zygote grows into a baby
Oviduct/fallopian tube
Tube along which the egg passes - has ciliated epithelial cel…
Ovary
One egg develops each month and bursts through the surface of…
12 terms
Human Body Systems-Functions
Digestive System
Respiratory System
Integumetary System
Lymphatic System
Breaks down food into small molecules so that they can be abs…
Breathing- Movement of chest to bring fresh air in and "waste…
Has several functions- protects the body, vitamin D productio…
Acts like a "drain" to remove the body's excess fluid and ret…
Digestive System
Breaks down food into small molecules so that they can be abs…
Respiratory System
Breathing- Movement of chest to bring fresh air in and "waste…
Biology - Male Human Reproductive Structures and Functions
Sperm duct
Prostate gland
Urethra
Spongy erectile tissue in penis
Tube along which sperm pass from the testes to urethra
Secretes a liquid (during sexual intercourse) which contains…
Tube which carries urine/sperm, but not both at the same time
Becomes filled with blood (an erection) which enables the man…
Sperm duct
Tube along which sperm pass from the testes to urethra
Prostate gland
Secretes a liquid (during sexual intercourse) which contains…
54 terms
AP Biology Human Body part functions
Dorsal
Ventral
Anterior
Posterior
Toward the back
Toward the lower surface or belly
Toward the head
Toward the tail
Dorsal
Toward the back
Ventral
Toward the lower surface or belly
18 terms
Pre-IB Biology: Structure and Function of the Human Brain
Cerebrum
Cerebellum ... "Little Brain"
Frontal Lobe
Occipital Lobe
The cerebrum is the large rounded area that divides into left…
Located below the cerebrum at the back of the head. Balance,…
Reasoning, movement.
Vision.
Cerebrum
The cerebrum is the large rounded area that divides into left…
Cerebellum ... "Little Brain"
Located below the cerebrum at the back of the head. Balance,…
14 terms
Human Biology: Eukaryotic cell structures and their functions
nucleus
ribosomes
rough er
smooth er
DNA replication, RNA synthesis, assembly of ribosomal subunits
polypeptide synthesis
synthesis of membrane lipids and proteins, secretory proteins…
lipid synthesis, detoxification in liver cells, calcium ion s…
nucleus
DNA replication, RNA synthesis, assembly of ribosomal subunits
ribosomes
polypeptide synthesis
20 terms
Human Biology 1A - Cell organelles & functions
Chromatin
Cilia
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
Combination of DNA and proteins that constitutes chromosomes.…
A short cellular appendage specialized for locomotion, formed…
An inner layer of the prokaryotic cells that is rich is prote…
The aqueous part of the cytoplasm within which various partic…
Chromatin
Combination of DNA and proteins that constitutes chromosomes.…
Cilia
A short cellular appendage specialized for locomotion, formed…
12 terms
Human Biology (BI 103): Cell Functions
Cytosol
Peroxisome
Cytoskeleton
smooth endoplasmic reticulum
Semifluid gel material inside the cell
destroys cellular toxic waste
structural framework of the cell.
primary site of macromolecule synthesis other than proteins
Cytosol
Semifluid gel material inside the cell
Peroxisome
destroys cellular toxic waste
96 terms
Biology 115 Exam #2 Human Muscle and Function
Muscles of the Head and Neck:
epicranus
orbicularis oculi
buccinator
...
(forehead)... *A - raises eyebrows
(eye)... *A - closes the eye
(cheek)... *A - compresses the cheek... -- deep muscle
Muscles of the Head and Neck:
...
epicranus
(forehead)... *A - raises eyebrows
17 terms
Human Biology: Senses- Structures of The Eye and functions
Sclera
Cornea
Pupil
Choroid
Protects and supports the eye (white of the eye)
Refracts light rays
Admits light
Absorbs stray light
Sclera
Protects and supports the eye (white of the eye)
Cornea
Refracts light rays
28 terms
Tissues: Form and Function (Human Biology) Part 1
What is the Function of Epithelial Tis…
What are the cell types of Epithelial…
Compare 2 Types of Cell Layers
Location Simple Squamous
Protection, Secretion, Absorption, and Filtration
Simple squamous, Simple Cuboidal, Simple Columnar, Stratified…
Simple Squamous and Simple Columnar ... Squamous: Flat (But One…
Lungs
What is the Function of Epithelial Tis…
Protection, Secretion, Absorption, and Filtration
What are the cell types of Epithelial…
Simple squamous, Simple Cuboidal, Simple Columnar, Stratified…
70 terms
Human Biology Ch 3: Cells Structure and Function
Cell Theory
Why is it better to be a small cell?
What is the Plasma/Cell Membrane?
What is Cytoplasm?
All organisms are composed of cells, and new cells come from…
-Larger surface area-to-volume ratio... -allows faster transport…
-separates cell from nonliving surrounding... -controls permeabi…
semi fluid substances inside cell
Cell Theory
All organisms are composed of cells, and new cells come from…
Why is it better to be a small cell?
-Larger surface area-to-volume ratio... -allows faster transport…
87 terms
Human Biology: Structure and Function of Cells (Chapter 3)
cell doctrine
egg, sperm
eukaryotic prokaryotic
prokaryotic
a theory consisting of 3 basic principles: ... 1. all living thi…
the first cell come from ____ and _____.
cells are classified according to their internal organization…
______ cells have a plasma membrane, lack a nucleus, contain…
cell doctrine
a theory consisting of 3 basic principles: ... 1. all living thi…
egg, sperm
the first cell come from ____ and _____.
22 terms
Biology- The Human Body (Systems, organs, functions)
Nervous system orgams
Nervous system functions
Circulatory system organs
Circulatory system functions
Brain, spinal cord, nerves
Recognizes and coordinates the body's response to changes its…
Heart, blood, vessels
Transports oxygen, nutrients and hormones to cells; fights in…
Nervous system orgams
Brain, spinal cord, nerves
Nervous system functions
Recognizes and coordinates the body's response to changes its…
23 terms
Biology 101 Human Muscle Group and Their Functions
Temporalis Masseter
Frontalis, Occipitalis
Orbicularis, Oculi
Sternocleid Mastoid
Close jaw chewing
Wrinkles forehead and eye rows
Close eye, winking
Rotate head, flex head
Temporalis Masseter
Close jaw chewing
Frontalis, Occipitalis
Wrinkles forehead and eye rows
55 terms
Human Biology Chapter 3: Cell Structure and Function
Cell Theory
Prokaryotic Cells
Eukaryotic Cells
Plasma Membrane
One of the fundamental principles of modern biology was not f…
Lack a nucleus.
Posses a nucleus.
Outer surface that regulates entrance end exit of molecules.
Cell Theory
One of the fundamental principles of modern biology was not f…
Prokaryotic Cells
Lack a nucleus.
5 terms
Cell Structure and Function (Human Biology: Chapter 3)
Epithelial tissue
Connective tissue
Muscle tissue
Nerve tissue
Covers the body surface and forms the lining for most interna…
Is the most abundant and the most widely distributed of the t…
Three types: Skeletal muscle is a voluntary type of muscle ti…
Is composed of specialized cells which not only receive stimu…
Epithelial tissue
Covers the body surface and forms the lining for most interna…
Connective tissue
Is the most abundant and the most widely distributed of the t…
72 terms
Human Biology Chapter 03 Cell Structure and Function
________ are the fundamental units tha…
The size of a metabolizing cell is lim…
Whose work proved conclusively that sp…
The reason that metabolizing cells are…
B
D
A
B
________ are the fundamental units tha…
B
The size of a metabolizing cell is lim…
D
12 terms
Typical Animal Cell Organelles Functions (ATAR Human Biology Unit 1)
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Golgi Body
Mitochondrion
Semi permeable outer boundary of the cell which is made up of…
Thick fluid within the cell holding all organelles. Cytosol i…
Responsible for secretion of cell products such as proteins a…
Site where aerobic phase of cellular respiration occurs as we…
Cell Membrane
Semi permeable outer boundary of the cell which is made up of…
Cytoplasm
Thick fluid within the cell holding all organelles. Cytosol i…
Human Biology-5-Cell Structure and Function
Cells
Organelles
Plasma membrane
Cytoplasm
Small entities
Carry out enzymatic functions in cells; subcompartments of th…
Outer surface of the cell; selective regulator of what enters…
Contents of a cell
Cells
Small entities
Organelles
Carry out enzymatic functions in cells; subcompartments of th…
11 terms
Human body systems: functions
DIGESTION SYSTEM
REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM
IMMUNE SYSTEM
SKIN (integumentary) SYSTEM
Takes food & breaks it down into nutrients the body needs.
Produces sex cells to create children, control female and mal…
Fights off diseases
1st barrier to disease and the environment, controls body tem…
DIGESTION SYSTEM
Takes food & breaks it down into nutrients the body needs.
REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM
Produces sex cells to create children, control female and mal…
92 terms
Biology Human systems and functions Exam 2
Lymphatic system
Primary Lymphatic system
Thymus
Red Bone Marrow
The system responsible for fighting off disease
Red Bone marrow, Thymus
T cells mature in here
Site of blood cell production and maturation of some B lympho…
Lymphatic system
The system responsible for fighting off disease
Primary Lymphatic system
Red Bone marrow, Thymus
26 terms
Human Biology Chapter 3: Cell Function and Structure
Antibiotic
Cell Theory
Prokaryotic Cells
Eukaryotic Cells
A chemical that can slow or stop the growth of bacteria; many…
The concept that all living organisms are made of cells and t…
Cells that lack internal membrane-bound organelles.
Cells that contain membrane-bound organelles, including a cen…
Antibiotic
A chemical that can slow or stop the growth of bacteria; many…
Cell Theory
The concept that all living organisms are made of cells and t…
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