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Study sets matching "fundamentals"

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Study sets matching "fundamentals"

54 terms
Fundamentals
A nurse is reinforcing teaching about…
a nurse is weighing a client who has h…
a nurse is assisting with the care of…
a nurse is caring for a client who is…
decrease intake of fluids 2 hr prior to bedtime
1500ml
latex
cholelithiasis... type 2 dm... HTN
A nurse is reinforcing teaching about…
decrease intake of fluids 2 hr prior to bedtime
a nurse is weighing a client who has h…
1500ml
52 terms
fundamentals
Angle
Apex
Bevelling
Blunt cut
Space between two lines or surfaces that intersect at a given…
Highest point on the head.
Haircutting technique using diagonal lines by cutting hair en…
One-length hair cut. All hair is cut to one hanging level, fo…
Angle
Space between two lines or surfaces that intersect at a given…
Apex
Highest point on the head.
14 terms
Fundamentals
Staff
Treble Clef
Bass Clef
Measure
Staff
Treble Clef
12 terms
Fundamentals
Hardware
Software
Input Devices
Output Device
The physical components that make up a computer system.
The programs that run on a computer system.
Hardware devices that take real-world analogue data and conve…
Hardware devices that use digital data from a computer to pro…
Hardware
The physical components that make up a computer system.
Software
The programs that run on a computer system.
66 terms
fundamentals
admissions, ... transfers, and ... discharge
Bowel Elimination Needs and Specimen C…
Factors affecting bowel elimination
Bowel Elimination Diagnostic Tests
admission Process... ●Equipment... ◯Prior to arrival of the client,…
Bowel Elimination Needs and Specimen Collection... ●Collect stoo…
Diagnostic Tests ... ◯Visualization of the bowel ... ■Colonoscopy -…
admissions, ... transfers, and ... discharge
admission Process... ●Equipment... ◯Prior to arrival of the client,…
Bowel Elimination Needs and Specimen C…
Bowel Elimination Needs and Specimen Collection... ●Collect stoo…
23 terms
Fundamentals
Characteristics of a profession
Nursing standards of practice
Nursing scope of practice
Autonomy
Requires an extended education ... Requires a body of knowledge…
provide the guidelines for implementing and evaluating nursin…
Assessment ... Diagnosis ... Planning (outcomes identification) ... Im…
Commitment to include pts in decision
Characteristics of a profession
Requires an extended education ... Requires a body of knowledge…
Nursing standards of practice
provide the guidelines for implementing and evaluating nursin…
121 terms
Fundamentals
Emaciation
Hyperemia
Protein Requirement
Vernix Caseosa
•Looks malnourished.... •Lack of protein.
•Rush of blood to bring nutrition back after blanching.
•0.8 to 1 gram/kilogram of ideal body weight.... •1.2 to 1.6 gra…
Cheese-like secretions of fetal sebaceous glands. Covers the…
Emaciation
•Looks malnourished.... •Lack of protein.
Hyperemia
•Rush of blood to bring nutrition back after blanching.
320 terms
Fundamentals
ABCS
Airway
Breath
Circulate
Airway, Breathing, Circulation, Safety
Mechanical process of having an open airway with which to bre…
actual act of inhaling and exhaling
Movement of blood through the body
ABCS
Airway, Breathing, Circulation, Safety
Airway
Mechanical process of having an open airway with which to bre…
146 terms
Fundamentals
Describe an airborne precautions room
Describe when airborne precautions are…
Name diseases that would require airbo…
What does nurse wear into an airborne…
private room with monitored negative air pressure with 6 to 1…
used with pathogens transmitted by airborne route that are le…
measles, varicella, tuberculosis, and shingles until the lesi…
Use respiratory protection, like a protective mask, that is f…
Describe an airborne precautions room
private room with monitored negative air pressure with 6 to 1…
Describe when airborne precautions are…
used with pathogens transmitted by airborne route that are le…
11 terms
Fundamentals
What is the charge of a proton?
What is the charge of an electron?
What is the charge of a neutron?
How many electrons are allowed on the…
Positive
Negative
Neutral
2, 8, 8
What is the charge of a proton?
Positive
What is the charge of an electron?
Negative
12 terms
Fundamentals
Who was the English philosopher who ga…
What were Locke's natural rights?
According to John Locke, why did man f…
According to our founding fathers, all…
John Locke
Life, liberty, property
To protect their natural rights.
Self-interest.
Who was the English philosopher who ga…
John Locke
What were Locke's natural rights?
Life, liberty, property
83 terms
Fundamentals
What is the function of nursing
what are the four aims of nursing
American Nurse Association
Florida Nurse Association
To help individuals, healthy or sick, perform activities cont…
promote health, prevent illness, restore health, facilitate c…
ANA: published a set of standards of professional care and pe…
FNSA: Serve and support all registered nurses through profess…
What is the function of nursing
To help individuals, healthy or sick, perform activities cont…
what are the four aims of nursing
promote health, prevent illness, restore health, facilitate c…
50 terms
fundamentals
applying eardrops
Intramuscular injections
SubQ injections
SubQ injection
a. Apply clean gloves and gently clean outer ear with wash cl…
Deltoid: volume of drug 0.5-1 ml with with a 23- to 25-gauge,…
SubQ injections: 27-25 gauge, 3/8-5/8 inch ... Insulin syringe:…
• Wash hands and wear gloves.... • Cleanse the area with a circu…
applying eardrops
a. Apply clean gloves and gently clean outer ear with wash cl…
Intramuscular injections
Deltoid: volume of drug 0.5-1 ml with with a 23- to 25-gauge,…
8 terms
Fundamentals
- unsaturated... - saturated
lysosomes
peroxisomes
lysosomes
- fatty acids that contain double bonds... - fatty acids with no…
contain acid hydrolyze enzymes (lipase, nucleases, phosphatas…
break down toxic substances, different peroxisomes contain di…
Created by the addition of hydrolytic enzymes to early endoso…
- unsaturated... - saturated
- fatty acids that contain double bonds... - fatty acids with no…
lysosomes
contain acid hydrolyze enzymes (lipase, nucleases, phosphatas…
69 terms
Fundamentals
Health
Illness
Wellness
3 dimensions of wellness
A state of physical, mental, and social well-being, not merel…
the unique response of a person to a disease; an abnormal pro…
an active state of being healthy by living a lifestyle promot…
-Physical- genetic inheritance... -Environmental- whats their en…
Health
A state of physical, mental, and social well-being, not merel…
Illness
the unique response of a person to a disease; an abnormal pro…
244 terms
Fundamentals
1025 30-3
urinary alterations
UTI symptoms 1025
Urinary Retention
vocab for urinary elimination
UTI, retention, incontinence, diversions
females more susceptible... urinary WBCs... pyuria (wbc)... dysuria (p…
Build up of urine ... feeling of pressure... discomfort... tenderness…
1025 30-3
vocab for urinary elimination
urinary alterations
UTI, retention, incontinence, diversions
244 terms
Fundamentals
SOLER
ISBAR
S M A R T
ADPIE
S - Sit Facing Patient ... O - Open Position... L - Lean toward pat…
I - Identify Patient... S - Situation, Symptoms, Stability ... B -…
S - Specific for Client... M - Measurable ... A - Attainable... R - Re…
A - Assessment... D - Diagnosis... P - Patient outcome... I - Interven…
SOLER
S - Sit Facing Patient ... O - Open Position... L - Lean toward pat…
ISBAR
I - Identify Patient... S - Situation, Symptoms, Stability ... B -…
25 terms
Fundamentals
Specific exercises that help prevent t…
instrumental activities of daily livin…
The skill of effective transfer techni…
fowlers position
ankle pumps, foot circles, and knee flexion. Ankle pumps, som…
IADLs are activities that are necessary to be independent in…
...
45
Specific exercises that help prevent t…
ankle pumps, foot circles, and knee flexion. Ankle pumps, som…
instrumental activities of daily livin…
IADLs are activities that are necessary to be independent in…
16 terms
Fundamentals
Hypoxemia - Early Clinical Manifestati…
Hypoxemia - Late Clinical Manifestations
Nasal Cannula
Simple Face Mask
Tachypnea, tachycardia, restlessness, anxiety, pale skin and…
Confusion, stupor, cyanotic skin and mucus membranes, bradypn…
two small rings for insertion into the nares, delivers FiO2 2…
Delivers and Fi02 of 40%-60% at flow rates of 5-8 L/min, mini…
Hypoxemia - Early Clinical Manifestati…
Tachypnea, tachycardia, restlessness, anxiety, pale skin and…
Hypoxemia - Late Clinical Manifestations
Confusion, stupor, cyanotic skin and mucus membranes, bradypn…
FUNdamentals
Conjunctions
Articles
Action verbs
Linking verbs
And, or, but, because, so
A, an, the
Run, jump, skip, hop
Am, is, are, was, were, be, been
Conjunctions
And, or, but, because, so
Articles
A, an, the
48 terms
Fundamentals
Active listening
Passive listening
Rhythm
Duration
Needs personal involvement
Momentary diversion
Organizes movement in time; heartbeat
All sounds and silence have a beginning and an end
Active listening
Needs personal involvement
Passive listening
Momentary diversion
65 terms
Fundamentals
Estimated Calorie Requirements (in KCa…
Macronutrients & Micronutrients
ChooseMyPlate Nutrition Tips
Digestion
FEMALE: Moderately Active ... Age: 19-30; 2000-2200/day... Age: 31-…
Macronutrients are required in larger amounts on a daily basi…
Balance your calorie intake with your daily activity level.... •…
Digestion is the process by which food is broken down in the…
Estimated Calorie Requirements (in KCa…
FEMALE: Moderately Active ... Age: 19-30; 2000-2200/day... Age: 31-…
Macronutrients & Micronutrients
Macronutrients are required in larger amounts on a daily basi…
23 terms
Fundamentals
System
Surroundings
Boundaries
Open System
Defined Boundaries... - Values must be measurable at boundary
Everything outside the system
Imaginary or Real
Mass and Energy can cross boundary
System
Defined Boundaries... - Values must be measurable at boundary
Surroundings
Everything outside the system
26 terms
Fundamentals
Density (d)
Force (f)
Perchloric acid
chloric acid
d = m/v
f = ma
HClO4
HClO3
Density (d)
d = m/v
Force (f)
f = ma
9 terms
Fundamentals
Confabulation
outcome criteria is appropriate for th…
iron IM, give where?
lithium toxicity risk increased with
communication device used by patients with dementia to compen…
The client will follow an established schedule for activities…
vastus lateralis
fasting
Confabulation
communication device used by patients with dementia to compen…
outcome criteria is appropriate for th…
The client will follow an established schedule for activities…
15 terms
fundamentals
Cognitive learning
Affective learning
Psychomotor learning
infection
includes all intellectual behaviors and requires thinking
deals with expression of feelings and acceptance of attitudes…
involves acquiring skills that require the integration of men…
is the invasion of a susceptible host by pathogens or microor…
Cognitive learning
includes all intellectual behaviors and requires thinking
Affective learning
deals with expression of feelings and acceptance of attitudes…
20 terms
Fundamentals
Producer
Marginal
Good
Rational Decision Making
Someone who makes a product for others.
Additional
Item that satisfies an economic want. Something tangible.
When marginal benefits equal or exceed marginal cost.
Producer
Someone who makes a product for others.
Marginal
Additional
44 terms
Fundamentals
Parenteral
Rounding
Adult Subcut
Most IM injections
Any route other than GI (IM, subcut, ID, IV)
Nearest 10th if greater than 1 mL // nearest hundredth if les…
0.5 - 1 mL limit
Do not exceed 2-3 mL
Parenteral
Any route other than GI (IM, subcut, ID, IV)
Rounding
Nearest 10th if greater than 1 mL // nearest hundredth if les…
21 terms
Fundamentals ||
Glaucoma
Cataracts
Grieving Process
Advance Directives
Pressure. Painless. Gradual deterioration of peripheral vision.
Severe eye pain. Erythema. Cloudy vision. Sudden.
Denial. Anger. Bargaining. Depression. Acceptance.
Power of Attorney. Living Will.
Glaucoma
Pressure. Painless. Gradual deterioration of peripheral vision.
Cataracts
Severe eye pain. Erythema. Cloudy vision. Sudden.
Fundamentals
Goals and Expected outcomes are...
You want nursing outcomes to be...
Goals and Expected outcomes serve two…
Short Term Goal
Specific
Measurable and specific.
1. Provide a clear focus on what interventions are needed.... 2.…
is an objective behavior or response that you expect the pati…
Goals and Expected outcomes are...
Specific
You want nursing outcomes to be...
Measurable and specific.
33 terms
Fundamentals
PH is what
How are hydrogen ions produced
What's the power house if the cell
What regulates acid base status
The negative logarithmic value of hydrogen ions
-Metabolism of proteins ... -Anaerobic metabolism of glucose ( l…
Mitochondria
Respiratory system ... Renal system ... Chemical buffers
PH is what
The negative logarithmic value of hydrogen ions
How are hydrogen ions produced
-Metabolism of proteins ... -Anaerobic metabolism of glucose ( l…
43 terms
fundamentals
social domain assessment
biologic interventions
caring
interpersonal relationships
includes functional status, ethnic, cultural assessment and s…
exercize, sleep, pain management medication management
-Watson (caring is the foundation of nursing)... -tidal model fo…
-peplau (developed the theory of psychodynamic nursing)... -Orla…
social domain assessment
includes functional status, ethnic, cultural assessment and s…
biologic interventions
exercize, sleep, pain management medication management
fundamentals
pulse palpation
functions of the heart
Lung Functions
taste is related to what organ
depth, rate, size, strength, rhythm
governs the blood, controls the vessels, manifests in the com…
governs qi and respiration, controls dispersion & descending…
Spleen
pulse palpation
depth, rate, size, strength, rhythm
functions of the heart
governs the blood, controls the vessels, manifests in the com…
246 terms
Fundamentals
The nurse makes nutrition a focus in t…
The nurse is explaining the activity r…
What are elements that are found in fo…
To demonstrate the energy-producing po…
d. Health maintenance
c. 2 hours and 30 minutes
c. Essential nutrients
d. 27 kcal/g
The nurse makes nutrition a focus in t…
d. Health maintenance
The nurse is explaining the activity r…
c. 2 hours and 30 minutes
96 terms
Fundamentals
loblolly boy in what year
first loblolly boy
first loblolly POW
first Africian American loblolly
1814
John Wall
John Domyn
Joseph Anderson
loblolly boy in what year
1814
first loblolly boy
John Wall
9 terms
Fundamentals
Where are protons and neutrons found?
Where are electrons found in an atom?
What charge are protons?
What charge do neutrons have?
In the nucleus
In shells
positive
Neutral
Where are protons and neutrons found?
In the nucleus
Where are electrons found in an atom?
In shells
28 terms
Fundamentals
What are the 7 elements of music?
______ is a single line of notes heard…
A point of arrival in music is known as?
A melody that is smooth and easy to si…
Melody, Rhythm, Harmony, Texture, Tone Color, Dynamics, Form.
Melody
Cadence
Conjunct
What are the 7 elements of music?
Melody, Rhythm, Harmony, Texture, Tone Color, Dynamics, Form.
______ is a single line of notes heard…
Melody
623 terms
Fundamentals
health
illness
physical
emotional
_____ is the state of complete physical, mental, and social w…
_____ is the response of the person to a disease; it is an ab…
Maintaining a healthy quality of life without excessive stres…
Understanding yourself and being able to cope with life chall…
health
_____ is the state of complete physical, mental, and social w…
illness
_____ is the response of the person to a disease; it is an ab…
126 terms
FUNDAMENTALS
Extracellullar compartments
Intracellullar
Interstitial fluids
Intravascular
Fluids outside of the cell
Fluids inside the cells
Fluid that is between the cells and blood vessels
Fluids within the blood vessels
Extracellullar compartments
Fluids outside of the cell
Intracellullar
Fluids inside the cells
11 terms
Fundamentals
Nursing Process
ADPIE
SMART
Maslow's Heirarchy
ADPIE
Assessment, nursing Diagnosis, Planning, Intervention, Evalua…
Specific, Measurable, Attainable, Realistic, Time-able
1)Physiological needs, air, water, food, shelter... 2)Safety/sec…
Nursing Process
ADPIE
ADPIE
Assessment, nursing Diagnosis, Planning, Intervention, Evalua…
554 terms
fundamentals
which women made significant contribut…
curricula for nursing education are st…
which is an example of continuing educ…
health promotion is best represented b…
harriet tubman,... dorothea dix,... sojournner truth
professional nursing organizations, individual state boards o…
completing a workshop on ethical aspects of nursing
preventing accidents in the home
which women made significant contribut…
harriet tubman,... dorothea dix,... sojournner truth
curricula for nursing education are st…
professional nursing organizations, individual state boards o…
85 terms
Fundamentals
Chain of infection
Hydrostatic pressure
Key points to making a bed
When do you give a sponge bath
Infectious agent, reservoir, portal of exit, means of transmi…
Exerted by a fluid at equilibrium at a given point with the f…
No wrinkles, draw sheet.
Clean key points
Chain of infection
Infectious agent, reservoir, portal of exit, means of transmi…
Hydrostatic pressure
Exerted by a fluid at equilibrium at a given point with the f…
101 terms
fundamentals
nursing process
nursing process
patient input greater success in care…
evaluation
a way of thinking and acting
assessment ... nursing diagnosis ... planning... implementation ... evalu…
planning stage
is to see if the plan was successful
nursing process
a way of thinking and acting
nursing process
assessment ... nursing diagnosis ... planning... implementation ... evalu…
FUNDAMENTALS
skin prep
abrasion
sterilization
surgical
reduces risk of post operative infection
scrape produced by friction
killing all forms of bacteria, spores, fungi, and virus
aseptic technique used with dressing changes and injections
skin prep
reduces risk of post operative infection
abrasion
scrape produced by friction
30 terms
Fundamentals
On the morning before surgery, a clien…
A liver scan is ordered for a client p…
The nurse cares for a client beginning…
A client with ovarian cancer experienc…
Encourage the client to discuss reasons for canceling the sur…
The client will be asked to lie still while a scanning probe…
Partial thromboplastin time
Pain medication is more effective is given before pain become…
On the morning before surgery, a clien…
Encourage the client to discuss reasons for canceling the sur…
A liver scan is ordered for a client p…
The client will be asked to lie still while a scanning probe…
88 terms
Fundamentals
What are S&S of hyperkalemia?
What is the normal value for K?
What are S&S of hypokalemia?
What is the normal level of Na?
Hyperkalemia: K>5... -slow, irregular pulse... -HOTN... -irritability,…
3.5 - 5
Hypokalemia: K<3.5... -weak, irregular pulse... -HOTN... -ascending mu…
135-145
What are S&S of hyperkalemia?
Hyperkalemia: K>5... -slow, irregular pulse... -HOTN... -irritability,…
What is the normal value for K?
3.5 - 5
24 terms
Fundamentals
When did nursing begin?
Who were in charge of nursing in the b…
What started nursing?
Florence Nightingale
1100 AD
Priest and physician
Growth of Christianity
1800s... studied in germany
When did nursing begin?
1100 AD
Who were in charge of nursing in the b…
Priest and physician
15 terms
Fundamentals
ISBAR
Laws are rules of conduct that are est…
Constitution laws
Judicial laws
Introduction situation , background, assessment, recommendation
Constitution n bill of rights, laws made by elected officials…
Provided by basic rights and create legislative bodies
Results when a law or court decision is challenged and the ju…
ISBAR
Introduction situation , background, assessment, recommendation
Laws are rules of conduct that are est…
Constitution n bill of rights, laws made by elected officials…
33 terms
Fundamentals
Why do we use the same cuvette?
What is the simplest way to estimate p…
What are the two primary aromatic A.A'…
What is the limitation of using the si…
To minimise cuvette varience.
Measure absorbency at 280nm. Due to aromatic A.A.
Tyrosine and Tryptophan
Only useful when dealing with pure A.A as many other compound…
Why do we use the same cuvette?
To minimise cuvette varience.
What is the simplest way to estimate p…
Measure absorbency at 280nm. Due to aromatic A.A.
15 terms
Fundamentals
1) Will your business decision create…
1) Which are the critival factors of t…
2) Free Cash Flow... How to calculate
- Would the project generate enough cash?... - For which period…
- definition of investment costs... - period... - value of discou…
EAT... + Depreciation and amortisation (non cash)... + Interest... +/…
1) Will your business decision create…
- Would the project generate enough cash?... - For which period…
1) Which are the critival factors of t…
- definition of investment costs... - period... - value of discou…
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