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Study sets matching "galaxies universe chapter 3"

32 terms
Chapter 3 stars, galaxies, universe
Star
Constellation
Nuclear Fusion
Particle accelerators
a giant ball of glowing gas that is very, very hot
a group of stars in a pattern that never changes
this is why stars' shine, fusion reactions in the suns core k…
tool used to collide particles to simulate fusion of hydrogen…
Star
a giant ball of glowing gas that is very, very hot
Constellation
a group of stars in a pattern that never changes
32 terms
Astronomy: Chapter 3- Stars, Galaxies and the Universe
Constellation
Absolute Magnitude
Apparent Magnitude
Parallax
a group of stars that form a pattern that looks like a famili…
a measure of the amount of light that a star actually emits
the brightness of a star when viewed from Earth
The apparent change in position of an object when seen from d…
Constellation
a group of stars that form a pattern that looks like a famili…
Absolute Magnitude
a measure of the amount of light that a star actually emits
22 terms
Chapter3: Stars, Galaxies, and the universe
refracting telescope
reflecting telescope
Electromagnetic spectrum
gravity
convex lenses
uses mirror
all of the different types of electromagnetic waves
the force that tends to pull together the matter in stars
refracting telescope
convex lenses
reflecting telescope
uses mirror
34 terms
Chapter 3: Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe
Absolute magnitude
Apparent magnitude
Big bang
Binary star
The brightness of a star if it were a standard distance from…
The brightness of a star as seen from Earth
The initial explosion that resulted in the formation and expa…
A star system that contains two stars
Absolute magnitude
The brightness of a star if it were a standard distance from…
Apparent magnitude
The brightness of a star as seen from Earth
35 terms
Chapter 3 - Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe
Star
Constellations
Apparent Motion
Parallax
a giant ball of gas that is very hot
a group of stars in a pattern that never change
Stars appear to move because the Earth's rotation on its axis
apparent shift in position of an object in space due to the m…
Star
a giant ball of gas that is very hot
Constellations
a group of stars in a pattern that never change
24 terms
Chapter 3 - Stars, Galaxies, And The Universe
Parallax
Universe
Light-year
Star
change in position of an object when you look at it from diff…
all of space and everything in it.
distance that light travels in one year (L1)
giant ball of gas (L2)
Parallax
change in position of an object when you look at it from diff…
Universe
all of space and everything in it.
65 terms
Chapter 3: Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe
Lesson 1 : The Scale of the Universe
Parallax
Universe
Light-Year
...
The apparent change in position of an object when you look at…
All of space and everything in it
The distance that light travels in a year
Lesson 1 : The Scale of the Universe
...
Parallax
The apparent change in position of an object when you look at…
45 terms
Chapter 3 - Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe
parallax
universe
light year
scientific notation
apparent change in position of an object when you look at it…
all of the space and everything in it
distance light travels in 1 year
uses powers of ten to write very large or very small numbers
parallax
apparent change in position of an object when you look at it…
universe
all of the space and everything in it
32 terms
Chapter 3 stars, galaxies, universe
Star
Constellation
Nuclear Fusion
Particle accelerators
a giant ball of glowing gas that is very, very hot
a group of stars in a pattern that never changes
this is why stars' shine, fusion reactions in the suns core k…
tool used to collide particles to simulate fusion of hydrogen…
Star
a giant ball of glowing gas that is very, very hot
Constellation
a group of stars in a pattern that never changes
32 terms
Chapter 3 stars, galaxies, universe
Star
Constellation
Nuclear Fusion
Particle accelerators
a giant ball of glowing gas that is very, very hot
a group of stars in a pattern that never changes
this is why stars' shine, fusion reactions in the suns core k…
tool used to collide particles to simulate fusion of hydrogen…
Star
a giant ball of glowing gas that is very, very hot
Constellation
a group of stars in a pattern that never changes
32 terms
Chapter 3 stars, galaxies, universe
Star
Constellation
Nuclear Fusion
Particle accelerators
a giant ball of glowing gas that is very, very hot
a group of stars in a pattern that never changes
this is why stars' shine, fusion reactions in the suns core k…
tool used to collide particles to simulate fusion of hydrogen…
Star
a giant ball of glowing gas that is very, very hot
Constellation
a group of stars in a pattern that never changes
32 terms
Chapter 3 stars, galaxies, universe
Star
Constellation
Nuclear Fusion
Particle accelerators
a giant ball of glowing gas that is very, very hot
a group of stars in a pattern that never changes
this is why stars' shine, fusion reactions in the suns core k…
tool used to collide particles to simulate fusion of hydrogen…
Star
a giant ball of glowing gas that is very, very hot
Constellation
a group of stars in a pattern that never changes
32 terms
Chapter 3 stars, galaxies, universe
Star
Constellation
Nuclear Fusion
Particle accelerators
a giant ball of glowing gas that is very, very hot
a group of stars in a pattern that never changes
this is why stars' shine, fusion reactions in the suns core k…
tool used to collide particles to simulate fusion of hydrogen…
Star
a giant ball of glowing gas that is very, very hot
Constellation
a group of stars in a pattern that never changes
32 terms
Chapter 3 stars, galaxies, universe
Star
Constellation
Nuclear Fusion
Particle accelerators
a giant ball of glowing gas that is very, very hot
a group of stars in a pattern that never changes
this is why stars' shine, fusion reactions in the suns core k…
tool used to collide particles to simulate fusion of hydrogen…
Star
a giant ball of glowing gas that is very, very hot
Constellation
a group of stars in a pattern that never changes
32 terms
Chapter 3 stars, galaxies, universe
Star
Constellation
Nuclear Fusion
Particle accelerators
a giant ball of glowing gas that is very, very hot
a group of stars in a pattern that never changes
this is why stars' shine, fusion reactions in the suns core k…
tool used to collide particles to simulate fusion of hydrogen…
Star
a giant ball of glowing gas that is very, very hot
Constellation
a group of stars in a pattern that never changes
32 terms
Chapter 3 stars, galaxies, universe
Star
Constellation
Nuclear Fusion
Particle accelerators
a giant ball of glowing gas that is very, very hot
a group of stars in a pattern that never changes
this is why stars' shine, fusion reactions in the suns core k…
tool used to collide particles to simulate fusion of hydrogen…
Star
a giant ball of glowing gas that is very, very hot
Constellation
a group of stars in a pattern that never changes
45 terms
Chapter 3: Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe
Parallax
Universe
Light-Year
Scientific Notation
The apparent change in position of an object when seen from d…
All of space and everything in it
The distance that light travels in one year, about 9.5 millio…
A mathematical method of writing numbers using powers of ten
Parallax
The apparent change in position of an object when seen from d…
Universe
All of space and everything in it
45 terms
Chapter 3-Stars,Galaxies, and the Universe
parallax
universe
light-year
scientific notation
is the apparent change in position of an object when you look…
everything that's in space
is the distance that light travels in one year
uses powers of 10 to write very large or very small numbers i…
parallax
is the apparent change in position of an object when you look…
universe
everything that's in space
49 terms
Chapter 3 Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe
gas
liquid
parallax
universe
a state of matter that has no definite shape or volume
a state of matter that has no definite shape but has a defini…
the apparent change in position of an object when you look at…
all of space and everything in it
gas
a state of matter that has no definite shape or volume
liquid
a state of matter that has no definite shape but has a defini…
29 terms
Astronomy chapter 3: Stars, Galaxies, & the Universe
electromagnetic radiation
parallax
3 main characteristics to classify stars
galaxy
light energy that travels in waves or particles
apparent change in position of an object when you look at it…
size, temperature (color), brightness
cluster of stars
electromagnetic radiation
light energy that travels in waves or particles
parallax
apparent change in position of an object when you look at it…
33 terms
Chapter 3 Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe Review
binary star
white dwarf
quasar
eclipsing binary
star system that contains two stars
the remaining hot core of a star after its outer layers have…
distant galaxy with a black hole at its center
star system in which one star periodically blocks the light f…
binary star
star system that contains two stars
white dwarf
the remaining hot core of a star after its outer layers have…
24 terms
Chapter 3 - Stars, Galaxies, And The Universe (ESOL)
Parallax
Universe
Light-year
Star
change in position of an object when you look at it from diff…
all of space and everything in it.
distance that light travels in one year (L1)
giant ball of gas (L2)
Parallax
change in position of an object when you look at it from diff…
Universe
all of space and everything in it.
22 terms
Astronomy Chapter 3 Vocabulary (Stars, Galaxies, and The Universe)
binary star
black hole
nuclear fusion
protostar
star systems that have two stars
an objects whose gravity is so strong that nothing can escape
the process by which hydrogen atoms turn into helium in the s…
a contracting cloud of gas and dust with enough mass to form…
binary star
star systems that have two stars
black hole
an objects whose gravity is so strong that nothing can escape
29 terms
Astronomy Chapter 3- Stars Galaxies and the universe
Stars life cycle in order
galaxy
universe
What is most of the universe?
nebula, prostar, main sequence, red giant, white dwarf, black…
a giant structure that contains hundreds of millions of stars
all of space and everything in it
empty space
Stars life cycle in order
nebula, prostar, main sequence, red giant, white dwarf, black…
galaxy
a giant structure that contains hundreds of millions of stars
34 terms
Chapter 3 stars,galaxies and the universe vocabulary
Constellation
Visible light
Electromagnetic Radiation
Wavelength
A pattern of starts in the sky
Electromagnetic radiation that can be seen with the unaided eye
Energy that travels through space in the form of waves
The distance between the crest of one wave and the crest of t…
Constellation
A pattern of starts in the sky
Visible light
Electromagnetic radiation that can be seen with the unaided eye
34 terms
Science Chapter 3- Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe
Constellation
Visible Light
Electromagnetic Radiation
Wavelength
A pattern of stars in the sky
Electromagnetic radiation that can be seen with the unaided eye
Energy that travels through space in the form of waves
The distance between the crest of one wave and the crest of t…
Constellation
A pattern of stars in the sky
Visible Light
Electromagnetic radiation that can be seen with the unaided eye
19 terms
Chapter 10 - The Universe and Galaxies
Celestial Bodies
Astronomers
Galaxy
Types of galaxies
objects found in space
people who study space and objects in space
A collection of stars, gases, and dust
spiral, elliptical, and irregular
Celestial Bodies
objects found in space
Astronomers
people who study space and objects in space
13 terms
Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe. Chapter 3, Set 1.
Parallax
Universe
Light-year
Scientific Notation
an apparent shift in the position of an object when viewed fr…
all of space and everything in it.
the distance light travels in a year.
a mathematical method of writing numbers using powers of ten.
Parallax
an apparent shift in the position of an object when viewed fr…
Universe
all of space and everything in it.
14 terms
Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe. Chapter 3, Set 2.
Orbit
Force
Gravity
Law of Universal Gravitation
the path of an object as it revolves around another object in…
a push or a pull.
a force of attraction between objects that is due to their ma…
the scientific law that states that every object in the unive…
Orbit
the path of an object as it revolves around another object in…
Force
a push or a pull.
37 terms
Chapter 3 (Sections 1-4) Stars, Galaxies and the Universe
Constellation
Absolute Magnitude
Apparent Magnitude
Parallax
a group of stars that form a pattern that looks like a famili…
a measure of the amount of light that a star actually emits
the brightness of a star when viewed from Earth
The apparent change in position of an object when seen from d…
Constellation
a group of stars that form a pattern that looks like a famili…
Absolute Magnitude
a measure of the amount of light that a star actually emits
18 terms
Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe. Chapter 3, Set 3.
Nebula
Protostar
White Dwarf
Supernova
a large cloud of dust and gas in space.
a contracting cloud of gas and dust with enough mass to form…
a small, hot, dim star that is the leftover center of an old…
a gigantic explosion in which a massive star collapses and th…
Nebula
a large cloud of dust and gas in space.
Protostar
a contracting cloud of gas and dust with enough mass to form…
34 terms
(Stars, Galaxy's, Universe) Chapter 3 Vocab
Constellation
Visible Light
Electromagnetic Radiation
Wavelength
A pattern of stars in the sky.
Electromagnetic radiation that can be seen with the unaided e…
Energy that travels through space in the form of waves
The distance between the crest of one wave and the crest of t…
Constellation
A pattern of stars in the sky.
Visible Light
Electromagnetic radiation that can be seen with the unaided e…
16 terms
Chapter 30: Galaxies and the Universe
Variable Star
RR Lyrae Variable
Cephied Variable
Halo
star in the giant branch of the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram t…
stars with pulsation periods ranging from 1.5 hours to 1 day,…
have pulsation periods between 1 and 100 days and the luminos…
around the nuclear bulge and the disk
Variable Star
star in the giant branch of the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram t…
RR Lyrae Variable
stars with pulsation periods ranging from 1.5 hours to 1 day,…
52 terms
Chapter 21 Stars, galaxies, and the universe
Telescope
Refracting telescope
Reflecting telescope
Radio telescope
a device that gathers and focuses distant light to make objec…
uses convex lenses to gather and focus light
uses a curved mirror to gather and focus light
telescope that does not use optics
Telescope
a device that gathers and focuses distant light to make objec…
Refracting telescope
uses convex lenses to gather and focus light
Chapter 31 : Galaxies and the Universe
Halo
Spiral density wave
Variable star
Quasar
a spherical region where globular clusters are located
alternating dense and less-dense regions that are frozen in p…
are stars in the giant branch of the Hertzsprung-Russel diagram
star like objects with emissions lines in there spectra
Halo
a spherical region where globular clusters are located
Spiral density wave
alternating dense and less-dense regions that are frozen in p…
30 terms
Galaxies and the Universe Step 3
how far does light travel in one second
the type of telescope that works only…
a galaxy that looks like the center of…
the coolest type of giant star
three hundred million meters
X-ray telescope
elliptical galaxy
red giant star
how far does light travel in one second
three hundred million meters
the type of telescope that works only…
X-ray telescope
5 terms
Chapter 2 Lesson 3 Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe
Star
Big Bang theory
Estimate
Galaxy
Large sphere of hydrogen gas hot enough for nuclear reactions…
States that the universe began from one point and has been ex…
To determine roughly the value, size, or extent of ( approxim…
Huge collection of stars, gas, and dust
Star
Large sphere of hydrogen gas hot enough for nuclear reactions…
Big Bang theory
States that the universe began from one point and has been ex…
15 terms
Chapter 31 - Galaxies and The Universe
Cepheid variable
halo
RR Lyrae variable
spiral density wave
star with pulsation periods ranging from 1 to 100 days and lu…
Spherical region that surrounds the Milky Way's nuclear bulge…
Stars with pulsation periods ranging from 1.5 hours to 1 day,…
type of wave that creates spiral arms in a galaxy and is comp…
Cepheid variable
star with pulsation periods ranging from 1 to 100 days and lu…
halo
Spherical region that surrounds the Milky Way's nuclear bulge…
23 terms
Chapter 30: Galaxies and the Universe
photosphere
chromosphere
corona
solar wind
approximately 400 km in thickness, is the lowest layer of the…
is above the photosphere and approximately 2500 km in thickne…
is the top layer of the Sun's atmosphere, extends several mil…
consists of charged particles, or ions, that flow outward thr…
photosphere
approximately 400 km in thickness, is the lowest layer of the…
chromosphere
is above the photosphere and approximately 2500 km in thickne…
40 terms
Chapter 16: A Universe of Galaxies
Spiral Galaxies
Disk Component
Halo Component
Barred Spiral
- Galaxies of flat white disks with yellowish bulge at a cent…
- Stars and dusty gas cloud following orderly/nearly circular…
- Spheroidal/Ellipsoidal ... - Halo and central bulge with round…
- Spiral with straight bar of stars across center and spiral…
Spiral Galaxies
- Galaxies of flat white disks with yellowish bulge at a cent…
Disk Component
- Stars and dusty gas cloud following orderly/nearly circular…
16 terms
Chapter 30 galaxies in the universe
Variable star
RR Lyrae variable
Cepheid Variable
Population 1 stars
stars that regularly or repeatedly change in magnitude
Stars with pulsation periods ranging from 1.5 hours to 1 day,…
A variable star that brightens and dims regularly, or pulses,…
gas and dust and bright blue stars are characteristics of:
Variable star
stars that regularly or repeatedly change in magnitude
RR Lyrae variable
Stars with pulsation periods ranging from 1.5 hours to 1 day,…
81 terms
Science Chapter 3: Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe study set
Parallax
Speed of light
Light year
Size of outer planets compared to inne…
Method astronomers use to measure distance to nearby stars de…
300,000,000 meters/second (300 million)
Distance light travels in one year.... Its about 9.5 quadrillion…
Much bigger, Jupiter's radius is 11 times bigger than the Ear…
Parallax
Method astronomers use to measure distance to nearby stars de…
Speed of light
300,000,000 meters/second (300 million)
32 terms
Unit 3: The Universe, Galaxies, and Stars
electromagnetic spectrum
retrograde motion
ellipse
astronomical unit (AU)
all types of electromagnetic radiation (light energy) arrange…
a planet's apparent back and forth movement across the sky, t…
an oval that is centered on two points called foci; also the…
the average distance between the Earth and the Sun
electromagnetic spectrum
all types of electromagnetic radiation (light energy) arrange…
retrograde motion
a planet's apparent back and forth movement across the sky, t…
33 terms
Chapter 21 Stars, galaxies, and the universe
Telescope
Refracting telescope
Reflecting telescope
Observatory
a device that gathers and focuses distant light to make objec…
uses convex lenses to gather and focus light
uses a curved mirror to gather and focus light
a building that contains one or more telescopes
Telescope
a device that gathers and focuses distant light to make objec…
Refracting telescope
uses convex lenses to gather and focus light
21 terms
Chapter 30 Stars, Galaxies and the Universe
Nebula
Protostar
Red Giant
Planetary Nebula
A large cloud of dust and gas in space
A contracting cloud of gas and dust; the earliest stage of a…
A star that expands and is late in its life
A glowing shell of gas that has been blown off an old star.
Nebula
A large cloud of dust and gas in space
Protostar
A contracting cloud of gas and dust; the earliest stage of a…
13 terms
Ch.3 stars, galaxies, and the universe
Parallax
Universe
Light year
Scientific notation
The apparent change in position of an object when seen from d…
All of space and everything in it.
Distance light travels in one year.
A method of writing or displaying numbers in terms of a decim…
Parallax
The apparent change in position of an object when seen from d…
Universe
All of space and everything in it.
31 terms
Ch.3 Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe
Constellations
Visible light
Wave legth
Spectrum
A pattern of stars in the sky
Electromagnetic radiation that can be seen with the unaided e…
The distance between the crest of one wave and the crest of t…
The range of wave lengths of electromagnetic waves.
Constellations
A pattern of stars in the sky
Visible light
Electromagnetic radiation that can be seen with the unaided e…
12 terms
Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe Lesson 3
Star
Light-year
How fast does light travel?
One light-year equals how many km?
A large sphere of hydrogen gas hot enough for nuclear reactio…
The distance light tracels in one year.
300,000 km/s
9.46 trillion km
Star
A large sphere of hydrogen gas hot enough for nuclear reactio…
Light-year
The distance light tracels in one year.
52 terms
Chapter 21 Stars, galaxies, and the universe
Telescope
Refracting telescope
Reflecting telescope
Radio telescope
a device that gathers and focuses distant light to make objec…
uses convex lenses to gather and focus light
uses a curved mirror to gather and focus light
telescope that does not use optics
Telescope
a device that gathers and focuses distant light to make objec…
Refracting telescope
uses convex lenses to gather and focus light
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