Study sets matching "galaxies universe chapter 4"

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Study sets matching "galaxies universe chapter 4"

26 terms
Chapter 4- Stars, Galaxies and the universe
irregular galaxy
light year
nebula
galaxy
not a regular shape, smaller, many bright young stars, a lot…
distance light travels in a year
large cloud of dust and gas spread out in an immense volume
huge group of stars, systems, clusters, dust and gas bound to…
irregular galaxy
not a regular shape, smaller, many bright young stars, a lot…
light year
distance light travels in a year
Chapter 4 - Stars, Galaxies and the Universe
galaxy
telescope
electromagnetic radiation
visible light
A huge group of single stars, star systems, star clusters, du…
A device built to observe distant objects by making them appe…
Energy that travels through space in the form of waves.
Electromagnetic radiation that can be seen with the unaided e…
galaxy
A huge group of single stars, star systems, star clusters, du…
telescope
A device built to observe distant objects by making them appe…
45 terms
Stars, Galaxies and the Universe-Chapter 4
electromagnetic radiation
visible light
wavelength
spectrum
energy that can travel through space in the form of waves
electromagnetic radiation that can be seen with the unaided eye
the distance between the crest of one wave and the crest of t…
the range of wavelengths of electromagnetic waves
electromagnetic radiation
energy that can travel through space in the form of waves
visible light
electromagnetic radiation that can be seen with the unaided eye
59 terms
Chapter 4 - Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe
Telescope
Electromagnetic Radiation
Visible Light
Wavelength
Is a device that makes distant objects appear to be closer
Energy that travels through space in the form of waves
Light you can see
The distance between the crest of one wave and the next wave
Telescope
Is a device that makes distant objects appear to be closer
Electromagnetic Radiation
Energy that travels through space in the form of waves
Chapter 4 Stars, Galaxies and the Universe
telescope
electromagnetic radiation
visible light
wavelength
a device built to observe distant objects by making them appe…
energy that travels through space in the form of waves
electromagnetic radiation that can be seen with the unaided eye
the distance between the crest of one wave and the crest of t…
telescope
a device built to observe distant objects by making them appe…
electromagnetic radiation
energy that travels through space in the form of waves
44 terms
Chapter 4 stars galaxies and the universe
telescope
electromagnetic radiation
visible light
wavelength
a device that makes distant objects appear to be closer
energy that can travel through space in forms of waves
lights you can see
the distance between the crest of one wave and the crest of t…
telescope
a device that makes distant objects appear to be closer
electromagnetic radiation
energy that can travel through space in forms of waves
12 terms
Chapter 4, lesson 4: Galaxies and the Universe
Galaxy
Dark Matter
Big Bang Theroy
Doppler Shift
A big group of a cluster of stars that is held together by gr…
Dark matter is matter that is dark and that gives electromagn…
The big bang theory is that the world began with a bang. And…
The doppler shift is the changing waves, being that it moves…
Galaxy
A big group of a cluster of stars that is held together by gr…
Dark Matter
Dark matter is matter that is dark and that gives electromagn…
Chapter 4 Stars , Galaxies , and the Universe
Telescope
Visible light
Wavelength
Spectrum
A device built to obsere distant objects by making them appea…
Electromagnetic radiation that can be seen with the unaided e…
The distance between the crest of one wave and the crest of t…
The range of wavelengths of electromagnetic waves.
Telescope
A device built to obsere distant objects by making them appea…
Visible light
Electromagnetic radiation that can be seen with the unaided e…
57 terms
Chapter 4- Stars, Galaxies, Universe
What are the regions of the electromag…
What are telescopes and how do they wo…
Where are most large telescopes located?
electromagnetic radiation
Colors range from red to violet.... Waves:... Radio (Greatest wavel…
Telescopes are devices that make distant objects appear to be…
on mountaintops or in space
energy that can travel through space in the form of waves ex.…
What are the regions of the electromag…
Colors range from red to violet.... Waves:... Radio (Greatest wavel…
What are telescopes and how do they wo…
Telescopes are devices that make distant objects appear to be…
Chapter 4: Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe
Electromagnetic Radiation
Visible Light
Wavelength
Spectrum
Energy that can travel through space in the form of waves.
The light you can see.
The between two consecutive crests.
Light with different colors and different wavelengths (rainbo…
Electromagnetic Radiation
Energy that can travel through space in the form of waves.
Visible Light
The light you can see.
27 terms
Chapter 4: Stars,Galaxies,and the Universe
telescope
observatory
constellation
spectograph
A device built to observe distant objects by making them appe…
a building that contains one or more telescopes
An imaginary pattern of stars in the sky
An instrument that separates light into colors and makes an i…
telescope
A device built to observe distant objects by making them appe…
observatory
a building that contains one or more telescopes
Chapter 4 - Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe
telescope
electromagnetic radiation
visible light
wavelength
a device that makes distant objects appear to be closer; coll…
energy that can travel through space in the form of waves; e.…
the light you can see; short wavelengths
the distance between the crest of one wave and the crest of t…
telescope
a device that makes distant objects appear to be closer; coll…
electromagnetic radiation
energy that can travel through space in the form of waves; e.…
8th Grade-Chapter 4 Stars, Galaxies and the Universe
telescope
electromagnetic radiation
visible light
wavelength
device that makes distant objects appear to be closer
energy that can travel through space in the form of waves
light you can see
distance between the crest of one wave and the crest of the n…
telescope
device that makes distant objects appear to be closer
electromagnetic radiation
energy that can travel through space in the form of waves
Chapter 4-Stars,Galaxies,And The Universe
Telescope
Visible Light
Wavelength
Spectrum
A device built to observe distant objects by making them appe…
Electromagnetic radiation that can be seen with the unaided e…
The distance between the crest of one wave and the crest of t…
The range of wavelengths of electromagnetic waves.
Telescope
A device built to observe distant objects by making them appe…
Visible Light
Electromagnetic radiation that can be seen with the unaided e…
Chapter 4 Stars, Galaxies and the Universe
telescope
electromagnetic radiation
visible light
wavelength
a device built to observe distant objects by making them appe…
energy that travels through space in the form of waves
electromagnetic radiation that can be seen with the unaided eye
the distance between the crest of one wave and the crest of t…
telescope
a device built to observe distant objects by making them appe…
electromagnetic radiation
energy that travels through space in the form of waves
Chapter 4 Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe
Telescope
Wavelength
Visible light
Specrtum
I device made to make objects appear closer
The distance between the crest of waves
Electromagnetic radiation can be seen without any tools
The range of wavelengths of electromagnetic waves
Telescope
I device made to make objects appear closer
Wavelength
The distance between the crest of waves
44 terms
Science Chapter 4, Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe Terms
telescope
electromagnetic radiation
visible light
wavelength
a device built to observe distant objects by making them appe…
energy that travels through space in the form of waves
electromagnetic radiation that can be seen with the unaided eye
the distance between the crest of one wave and the crest of t…
telescope
a device built to observe distant objects by making them appe…
electromagnetic radiation
energy that travels through space in the form of waves
41 terms
Space Chapter 4 (Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe)
electromagnetic radiation
visible light
wavelength
spectrum
The energy transferred through space by electromagnetic waves
Electromagnetic radiation that can be seen with the unaided eye
The distance between the crest of one wave and the crest of t…
The range of wavelengths of electromagnetic waves
electromagnetic radiation
The energy transferred through space by electromagnetic waves
visible light
Electromagnetic radiation that can be seen with the unaided eye
7 terms
Chapter 4, Lesson 4: Galaxies and the Universe
What holds stars together?
Describe a spiral galaxy.
Describe an elliptical galaxy.
Describe an irregular galaxy.
A galaxy and gravity.
A galaxy that has arms made of stars and is rotating.
A galaxy that has a care shaped like a basketball or a footba…
A galaxy that has no core and hardly any shape.
What holds stars together?
A galaxy and gravity.
Describe a spiral galaxy.
A galaxy that has arms made of stars and is rotating.
Chapter 4 Lesson 4 Galaxies and the Universe
What holds a star together?
Describe a Spiral Galaxie
Describe a Eliptical Galaxie
Descripe an Irregular Galaxie
Gravity holds a star together.
Stars and dust that escape in spiral like arms. The galaxy ha…
These galaxies don't have no internal structure. Most are sph…
Are formed by the gravitational pull of other galaxies. They…
What holds a star together?
Gravity holds a star together.
Describe a Spiral Galaxie
Stars and dust that escape in spiral like arms. The galaxy ha…
Chapter4, lesson4 : Galaxies and the Universe
Galaxies
Dark matter
Big Bang theory
Doppler shift
Huge collections of stars and planets.
Matter that does not give off light at any wavelength.
The theory that the Universe began from one point billions of…
A shift to a diffrent wavelength.
Galaxies
Huge collections of stars and planets.
Dark matter
Matter that does not give off light at any wavelength.
99 terms
Science Chapter 4 - Stars, Galaxies & The Universe
Light year
waves
energy
distance
distance light travels in one year or 9.46 trillion kilometers.
a disturbance that transfers energy from place to place
ability to do work or cause change
length of a path between two points
Light year
distance light travels in one year or 9.46 trillion kilometers.
waves
a disturbance that transfers energy from place to place
44 terms
stars, galaxies, and the universe-chapter 4
telescope
electromagnetic radiation
visible light
wavelength
is a device that makes distant objects appear to be closer
or energy that can travel through space in the form of waves
light that you can see
the distance between the crest of one wave and the crest of t…
telescope
is a device that makes distant objects appear to be closer
electromagnetic radiation
or energy that can travel through space in the form of waves
Astronomy - Chapter 4 Stars, Galaxies and the Universe
telescope
electromagnetic radiation
visible light
wavelength
a device that makes distant objects appear to be closer
energy that can travel through space in the form of waves
the light you can see; part of the electromagnetic spectrum
the distance between the crest of one wave and the crest of t…
telescope
a device that makes distant objects appear to be closer
electromagnetic radiation
energy that can travel through space in the form of waves
science chapter 4: stars, galaxies, and the universe
constellations
constellations were first observed by
stars can be found in
modern astronomy divides the sky into
patterns of stars in the sky
ancient greeks, romans, and other cultures
specific constellations
88 constellations
constellations
patterns of stars in the sky
constellations were first observed by
ancient greeks, romans, and other cultures
20 terms
Science Chapter 4 Stars, Galaxies, Universe-Questions
What makes up the Electromagnetic spec…
Be familiar with the 3 major types of…
The differences and similarities betwe…
Understand the location of observatori…
Includes the entire range of radio waves , infrared radiation…
Refracting Telescope-uses convex lenses to gather and focus l…
A refracting telescope uses convex lenses to focus light. A r…
A building that contains one or more telescopes. some are loc…
What makes up the Electromagnetic spec…
Includes the entire range of radio waves , infrared radiation…
Be familiar with the 3 major types of…
Refracting Telescope-uses convex lenses to gather and focus l…
45 terms
Astronomy - Chapter 4 Stars, Galaxies and the Universe
telescope
electromagnetic radiation
visible light
wavelength
a device that makes distant objects appear to be closer
energy that can travel through space in the form of waves
the light you can see; part of the electromagnetic spectrum
the distance between the crest of one wave and the crest of t…
telescope
a device that makes distant objects appear to be closer
electromagnetic radiation
energy that can travel through space in the form of waves
19 terms
Chapter 10 - The Universe and Galaxies
Celestial Bodies
Astronomers
Galaxy
Types of galaxies
objects found in space
people who study space and objects in space
A collection of stars, gases, and dust
spiral, elliptical, and irregular
Celestial Bodies
objects found in space
Astronomers
people who study space and objects in space
42 terms
Science Chapter 4 stars, galaxies and the universe
constellations
who first observed constellations?
What star is the constellation orion?
how many constellations do we divide i…
patterns of stars i nthe sky
Greeks, Romans and other cultures
Betelgeuse
88
constellations
patterns of stars i nthe sky
who first observed constellations?
Greeks, Romans and other cultures
71 terms
Science, Chapter 4: Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe
From 2,000-3,000k (temp) what color ap…
From 3,000-4,000k (temp) what color ap…
From 4,000-6,000k (temp) what color ap…
From 6,000-10,000k (temp) what color a…
Red
orange
Yellow
White
From 2,000-3,000k (temp) what color ap…
Red
From 3,000-4,000k (temp) what color ap…
orange
99 terms
Science Chapter 4 - Stars, Galaxies & The Universe (study guide)
Light year
waves
energy
distance
distance light travels in one year or 9.46 trillion kilometers.
a disturbance that transfers energy from place to place
ability to do work or cause change
length of a path between two points
Light year
distance light travels in one year or 9.46 trillion kilometers.
waves
a disturbance that transfers energy from place to place
34 terms
Chapter 4 Stars, Galaxies and Universe Test Review
A light-year
The Universe
A light-year is a measure of time on a…
The solar system is all of space and e…
A unit of astronomical distance equivalent to the distance th…
All existing mater an space considered as a whole; the cosmos…
True.
False. ... The Universe.
A light-year
A unit of astronomical distance equivalent to the distance th…
The Universe
All existing mater an space considered as a whole; the cosmos…
9 terms
Chapter 4 Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe, Lesson 5: Star Systems and Galaxies
binary star
eclipsing binary
open cluster
global cluster
a system with two stars
a binary star system in which one star is periodically blocks…
a star cluster that has a loose, disorganized appearance and…
a large round group of densely packed group of old stars
binary star
a system with two stars
eclipsing binary
a binary star system in which one star is periodically blocks…
20 terms
Chapter 4: Stars, Galaxies and the Universe: Part 1
What are constellations?
Who were the 1st to observe constellat…
Modern astronomy divides the sky into…
What are circumpolar constellations?
A pattern of stars in the sky
Ancient Greeks, Romans and many other cultures
88
Constellations that seem to circle the North Star and they ne…
What are constellations?
A pattern of stars in the sky
Who were the 1st to observe constellat…
Ancient Greeks, Romans and many other cultures
11 terms
Chapter 22-Lesson 4 (Galaxies and the Universe)
Big Bang Theory
dark matter
Doppler shift
galaxy
states that the universe began from one point billions of yea…
form of matter that is believed to make up 90 percent of the…
Shifting of frequencies of sound when the source is moving re…
A huge group of single stars, star systems, star clusters, du…
Big Bang Theory
states that the universe began from one point billions of yea…
dark matter
form of matter that is believed to make up 90 percent of the…
5 terms
Chapter 4 Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe, Lesson 6: The Expanding Universe
big bang
Hubble's law
cosmic background radiation
dark matter
the initial explosion that resulted in the formation and expa…
the observation that the farther away a galaxy is, the faster…
the electromagnetic radiation left over from the big bang
matter that does not give off electromagnetic radiation but i…
big bang
the initial explosion that resulted in the formation and expa…
Hubble's law
the observation that the farther away a galaxy is, the faster…
11 terms
Chapter 4 Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe, Lesson 1: Telescopes
electromagnetic radiation
visible light
wavelength
spectrum
the energy transferred through space by electromagnetic waves
electromagnetic radiation that can be seen by the unaided eye
the distance between the crest of one wave and the crest of a…
the range of wavelengths of electromagnetic waves
electromagnetic radiation
the energy transferred through space by electromagnetic waves
visible light
electromagnetic radiation that can be seen by the unaided eye
7 terms
Chapter 4 Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe, Lesson 4: Lives of Stars
nebula
prostar
white dwarf
supernova
a large cloud of gas and dust in space
a contracting cloud of gas and dust with enough mass to form…
the blue-white hot core of a star that is left behind after i…
the brilliant explosion of a dying supergiant star
nebula
a large cloud of gas and dust in space
prostar
a contracting cloud of gas and dust with enough mass to form…
76 terms
Science Chapter 4 Stars, Galaxy and the Universe
telescope
electromagnetic radiation
visible light
wavelength
a device that makes distant objects appear to be closer
energy that can travel through space in the form of waves
the light you can see
the distance between the crest of one wave and the crest of t…
telescope
a device that makes distant objects appear to be closer
electromagnetic radiation
energy that can travel through space in the form of waves
6th Grade-Chapter 4 Vocabulary-Stars, Galaxies and the Universe
telescope
electromagnetic radiation
visible light
wavelength
device that makes distant objects appear to be closer
energy that can travel through space in the form of waves
light you can see
distance between the crest of one wave and the crest of the n…
telescope
device that makes distant objects appear to be closer
electromagnetic radiation
energy that can travel through space in the form of waves
42 terms
Ch.4 Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe
telescope
electromagnetic radiation
visible light
wavelength
a device built to observe distant objects by making them appe…
energy that travels through space in the forms of waves.
electromagnetic radiation that can be seen with the unaided e…
the distance between the crest of one wave and the crest of t…
telescope
a device built to observe distant objects by making them appe…
electromagnetic radiation
energy that travels through space in the forms of waves.
5 terms
Chapter 4 Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe, Lesson 3: Characteristics of Stars
spectrograph
apparent brightness
absolute brightness
Hertzsprung-Russell diagram
an instrument that separates light into colors and makes an i…
the brightness of a star as seen from Earth
the brightness of a star would have if it were at a standard…
a graph relating the surface temperatures and absolute bright…
spectrograph
an instrument that separates light into colors and makes an i…
apparent brightness
the brightness of a star as seen from Earth
Chapter 30: Galaxies and the Universe
Variable Star
RR Lyrae Variable
Cephied Variable
Halo
star in the giant branch of the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram t…
stars with pulsation periods ranging from 1.5 hours to 1 day,…
have pulsation periods between 1 and 100 days and the luminos…
around the nuclear bulge and the disk
Variable Star
star in the giant branch of the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram t…
RR Lyrae Variable
stars with pulsation periods ranging from 1.5 hours to 1 day,…
Chapter 21 Stars, galaxies, and the universe
Telescope
Refracting telescope
Reflecting telescope
Radio telescope
a device that gathers and focuses distant light to make objec…
uses convex lenses to gather and focus light
uses a curved mirror to gather and focus light
telescope that does not use optics
Telescope
a device that gathers and focuses distant light to make objec…
Refracting telescope
uses convex lenses to gather and focus light
50 terms
Ricciardi~ 7th~Chapter 4 Test~Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe
How does the sub produce the electroma…
How could you describe the early unive…
Where is the sun the hottest?
What does the Doppler effect prove?
through nuclear fusion
It was much smaller, denser, and hotter.
Its core.
Galaxies are moving apart.
How does the sub produce the electroma…
through nuclear fusion
How could you describe the early unive…
It was much smaller, denser, and hotter.
6th grade - Chapter 4 stars, galaxies and universes
Telescope
Visible Light
Refracting telescope
Isaac Newton
Devise that makes distant objects appear to be closer
Scientist call this the light you can see
Uses convex lenses to gather and focus light
Built the first reflecting telescope in 1668
Telescope
Devise that makes distant objects appear to be closer
Visible Light
Scientist call this the light you can see
35 terms
Chapter 4 Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe per the test reveiw worksheet
expanding
light-years
apparent magnitude
longer
Most galaxies are moving away from each other which means the…
Astronomers measure distance to stars in units called ___ ___…
The brightness of a star as seen from Earth is its ___ ___.
Stars with less mass will last ___ than stars with more mass.
expanding
Most galaxies are moving away from each other which means the…
light-years
Astronomers measure distance to stars in units called ___ ___…
40 terms
Chapter 16: A Universe of Galaxies
Spiral Galaxies
Disk Component
Halo Component
Barred Spiral
- Galaxies of flat white disks with yellowish bulge at a cent…
- Stars and dusty gas cloud following orderly/nearly circular…
- Spheroidal/Ellipsoidal ... - Halo and central bulge with round…
- Spiral with straight bar of stars across center and spiral…
Spiral Galaxies
- Galaxies of flat white disks with yellowish bulge at a cent…
Disk Component
- Stars and dusty gas cloud following orderly/nearly circular…
Chapter 31 - Galaxies and The Universe
Cepheid variable
halo
RR Lyrae variable
spiral density wave
star with pulsation periods ranging from 1 to 100 days and lu…
Spherical region that surrounds the Milky Way's nuclear bulge…
Stars with pulsation periods ranging from 1.5 hours to 1 day,…
type of wave that creates spiral arms in a galaxy and is comp…
Cepheid variable
star with pulsation periods ranging from 1 to 100 days and lu…
halo
Spherical region that surrounds the Milky Way's nuclear bulge…
33 terms
Mrs. Hooks - Astronomy and Space Science - Chapter 4: Stars,Galaxies, and the Universe
the distance light travels in a year
size, brightness, and temperature
increase in brightness as they increas…
nuclear fusion starts
A light-year is......
Characteristics used to classify stars include......
The Hertzsprung-Russell diagram shows that main-sequence star…
A star is born when......
the distance light travels in a year
A light-year is......
size, brightness, and temperature
Characteristics used to classify stars include......
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