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Study sets matching "galaxies universe space"

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Study sets matching "galaxies universe space"

29 terms
Space, Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe
Light-years
Astronomical Units
Speed of light
Kelvin
The distance that light will travel within 1 year of time.
The average distance between the earth and the sun; approxima…
186,000 miles per second or 299,792,458 meter per second.
A unit of absolute temperature and symbolized as K. Formerly…
Light-years
The distance that light will travel within 1 year of time.
Astronomical Units
The average distance between the earth and the sun; approxima…
10 terms
Earth and space galaxies in the universe
Big bang theory
Steady state theory
Cosmic background radiation
Superclusters
Siri that proposes that the universe began as a single point…
...
Week radiation that is left over from the early, hot stages o…
Gigantic threadlike or sheetlike cluster of galaxies that is…
Big bang theory
Siri that proposes that the universe began as a single point…
Steady state theory
...
12 terms
space, stars, galaxies, and the universe
giants
supergiants
supernova
red dwarf
very bright, 10 times the earth's sun, and turns helium into…
the outer atmosphere is cool, turns helium into carbon, brigh…
star has 50 times more mass than the sun, bright, and has a h…
if a star has a mass 1/5 of the earth's sun it will turn into…
giants
very bright, 10 times the earth's sun, and turns helium into…
supergiants
the outer atmosphere is cool, turns helium into carbon, brigh…
29 terms
Space, Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe
Light-years
Astronomical Units
Speed of light
Kelvin
The distance that light will travel within 1 year of time.
The average distance between the earth and the sun; approxima…
186,000 miles per second or 299,792,458 meter per second.
A unit of absolute temperature and symbolized as K. Formerly…
Light-years
The distance that light will travel within 1 year of time.
Astronomical Units
The average distance between the earth and the sun; approxima…
Explorg Space: Stars, galaxies & the universe
Dwarf Planet
Aurora
Big Bang
Binary star
celestial body orbiting the Sun that is massive enough to be…
solar-wind energy particles that have entered the upper atmos…
the moment in time when the universe started to expand out of…
two stars that orbit each other.
Dwarf Planet
celestial body orbiting the Sun that is massive enough to be…
Aurora
solar-wind energy particles that have entered the upper atmos…
41 terms
Space Chapter 4 (Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe)
electromagnetic radiation
visible light
wavelength
spectrum
The energy transferred through space by electromagnetic waves
Electromagnetic radiation that can be seen with the unaided eye
The distance between the crest of one wave and the crest of t…
The range of wavelengths of electromagnetic waves
electromagnetic radiation
The energy transferred through space by electromagnetic waves
visible light
Electromagnetic radiation that can be seen with the unaided eye
41 terms
Astronomy & Space Ch. 4: Stars, Galaxies, & the Universe
elecrtomagnetic radiation
visible light
wavelength
spectrum
To understand how telescopes work, it's useful to understand…
Scientists call the light you can see visible light.
The distance between the crest of one wave and the crest of t…
If you shime white light through a prism, the light spreads o…
elecrtomagnetic radiation
To understand how telescopes work, it's useful to understand…
visible light
Scientists call the light you can see visible light.
Space Vocabulary Ch 3 Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe
Parallax
Universe
Light-Year
Scientific notation
the effect whereby the position or direction of an object app…
all existing matter and space considered as a whole; the cosm…
a unit of astronomical distance equivalent to the distance th…
a mathematical expression used to represent a decimal number…
Parallax
the effect whereby the position or direction of an object app…
Universe
all existing matter and space considered as a whole; the cosm…
8 terms
Universe vocabulary- small bodies in outer space & Galaxies
Comet
Asteroid
Asteroid belt
Meteoroid
A small body of ice, rock, and cosmic dust loosely packed tog…
Small, rocky bodies that revolve around the sun; regularly sh…
Where most astroids orbit the sun; located between the orbits…
A small Rocky body that revolves around the sun; similar too…
Comet
A small body of ice, rock, and cosmic dust loosely packed tog…
Asteroid
Small, rocky bodies that revolve around the sun; regularly sh…
Galaxies and the Universe
Spiral galaxy
Elliptical galaxy
Irregular galaxy
Light year
A galaxy with a nucleus of bright stars and two or more spira…
A galaxy that is spherical or has the appearance of a flatten…
A galaxy with no definite shape.
The distance light travels in one year.
Spiral galaxy
A galaxy with a nucleus of bright stars and two or more spira…
Elliptical galaxy
A galaxy that is spherical or has the appearance of a flatten…
35 terms
Earth Space Science: Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe
AU
Light Year
Order fom smallest to biggest
Earth
Astronomical unit; distance from the Earth to our Sun, about…
Distance light would travel in one year- a distance measureme…
Earth-Sun-Solar System-Galaxy- Universe
Diameter- 7,926 miles
AU
Astronomical unit; distance from the Earth to our Sun, about…
Light Year
Distance light would travel in one year- a distance measureme…
16 terms
Astronomy/Space Ch. 4: Stars, Galaxies, & the Universe - EMS
universe
light-year
apparent brightness
absolute brightness
Astronomers define the ________________ as all of space and e…
The distance that light travels in one year.
A star's _________________ is its brightness as seen from Ear…
A star's ___________________ is the brightness the star would…
universe
Astronomers define the ________________ as all of space and e…
light-year
The distance that light travels in one year.
12 terms
Universe & Galaxies
universe
galaxy
Milky Way Galaxy
Solar System
all of space and everything in it
a huge group of single stars, star systems, star clusters, du…
the spiral galaxy where the Solar System is located
consists of the sun, planets, their moons, and smaller object…
universe
all of space and everything in it
galaxy
a huge group of single stars, star systems, star clusters, du…
8 terms
Universe and Galaxies
Universe
Galaxy
Light Year
Big Bang Theory
space that contains all know matter and energy
A group of stars, dust, and gas held together by gravity
The distance light travels in one year.
States that the universe began with an explosion, and the mat…
Universe
space that contains all know matter and energy
Galaxy
A group of stars, dust, and gas held together by gravity
10 terms
Galaxies and the Universe
Galaxy
Dark Matter
Big Bang Theory
Doppler Shift
Huge collections of stars
Matter that emits no light at any wavelength - makes up 90% o…
The universe began from one point billions of years ago and h…
The shift to a different wavelength depending on if it is app…
Galaxy
Huge collections of stars
Dark Matter
Matter that emits no light at any wavelength - makes up 90% o…
20 terms
Earth and Space Science Chapter 30: Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe
Star
Doppler Effect
Light-Year
Parallax
A large celestial body that is composed of gas that emits light
An observed change in the frequency of a wave when the source…
The distance that light travels in one year
An apparent shift in the position of an object when viewed fr…
Star
A large celestial body that is composed of gas that emits light
Doppler Effect
An observed change in the frequency of a wave when the source…
Space (Galaxies)
Galaxy
Universe
Spiral Galaxy
Barred Spiral Galaxy
A collection of dust, stars and planets.
Referred to everything that physically exists
- Shape: Spiral shaped arm that flows from the center.... - Grav…
A spiral galaxy with a bar around it
Galaxy
A collection of dust, stars and planets.
Universe
Referred to everything that physically exists
15 terms
Galaxies and the Universe
Galaxy
Dark Matter
Spiral Galaxy
Elliptical Galaxy
a huge collection of stars
matter that emits no light at any wavelength
Type of galaxy that is thicker near the center, a region call…
Largest type of galaxy; shaped like a football
Galaxy
a huge collection of stars
Dark Matter
matter that emits no light at any wavelength
51 terms
Galaxies and the Universe
Big Bang Theory
elliptical galaxy
Irregular Galaxy
Milky Way Galaxy
theory that states that the universe was formed by the explos…
type of galaxy that can vary in shape - nearly spherical to a…
type of galaxy with no definite shape; younger; more gas and…
galaxy in which the Earth's solar system is located
Big Bang Theory
theory that states that the universe was formed by the explos…
elliptical galaxy
type of galaxy that can vary in shape - nearly spherical to a…
52 terms
Universe, Galaxy, Solar System, Space, Earth, Moons, Suns, Space Travel
Big Bang Theory
Big Bang
Hubble's Law
What is the future of the universe?
The universe exploding becoming the universe
The explosion that caused the big bang
The farther away a galaxy is, the faster it's moving away fro…
1. The universe will continue to expand, until the stars run…
Big Bang Theory
The universe exploding becoming the universe
Big Bang
The explosion that caused the big bang
10 terms
Galaxies & the Universe
Sun
Galaxies
Elliptical Galaxy
Spiral Galaxy
A star in the Milky Way galaxy located in a spiral arm about…
Made up of gas, dust, and billions of stars and have differen…
Spherical or flattened disk
A nucleus of bright stars and two or more spiral arms
Sun
A star in the Milky Way galaxy located in a spiral arm about…
Galaxies
Made up of gas, dust, and billions of stars and have differen…
8 terms
Galaxies and the Universe
Spiral galaxy
Elliptical galaxy
Irregular galaxy
Light year
A galaxy with a nucleus of bright stars and two or more spira…
A galaxy that is spherical or has the appearance of a flatten…
A galaxy with no definite shape.
The distance light travels in one year.
Spiral galaxy
A galaxy with a nucleus of bright stars and two or more spira…
Elliptical galaxy
A galaxy that is spherical or has the appearance of a flatten…
10 terms
Galaxies & The Universe
barred and normal
elliptical
irregular
galaxy
What are the 2 types of spiral galaxies
What galaxies are shaped like footballs
type of galaxy that has no regular shape
a group of stars
barred and normal
What are the 2 types of spiral galaxies
elliptical
What galaxies are shaped like footballs
10 terms
Galaxies and Universe
Elliptical Galaxy
Irregular Galaxy
Galaxy
Milky Way Galaxy
There shape is an oval. They can be by bigger galaxies and th…
It's a Galaxy that isn't an elliptical or a spiral. It's like…
Is a big group of stars held together by gravity. Galaxies ar…
You can see it from Earth when it's really clear outside.
Elliptical Galaxy
There shape is an oval. They can be by bigger galaxies and th…
Irregular Galaxy
It's a Galaxy that isn't an elliptical or a spiral. It's like…
8 terms
Galaxies and the Universe
Big Bang Theory
Universe
Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram
Spiral Galaxy
the theory that all matter and energy in the universe was com…
All space and everything in it.
A graph relating the surface temperatures and absolute bright…
A galaxy with a bulge in the middle and arms that spiral outw…
Big Bang Theory
the theory that all matter and energy in the universe was com…
Universe
All space and everything in it.
42 terms
Galaxies and the Universe
how far does light travel in one second
the type of telescope that works only…
a galaxy that looks like the center of…
the coolest type of giant star
three hundred million meters
X-ray telescope
elliptical galaxy
red giant star
how far does light travel in one second
three hundred million meters
the type of telescope that works only…
X-ray telescope
10 terms
Universe and Galaxies
Universe
Big Bang Theory
Red Shift
Doppler Effect
everything that exists in every place; all the space, matter,…
all matter and energy in the universe was originally concentr…
the movement of energy to the red end of the visible light sp…
the shifting of energy wavelengths emitted by objects in motion
Universe
everything that exists in every place; all the space, matter,…
Big Bang Theory
all matter and energy in the universe was originally concentr…
19 terms
Galaxies and the Universe
Name the three basic parts of a spiral…
Why are spiral galaxies so bright?
What are elliptical galaxies mostly ma…
Which statement accurately describes i…
The three basic components of a spiral galaxy are the disk, t…
Spiral galaxies contain a lot of gas and dust, and are active…
old stars
Irregular galaxies contain many newly-formed stars.
Name the three basic parts of a spiral…
The three basic components of a spiral galaxy are the disk, t…
Why are spiral galaxies so bright?
Spiral galaxies contain a lot of gas and dust, and are active…
32 terms
Galaxies and the Universe
Two types of spiral galaxies
cluster
irregular galaxies
elliptical galaxies
spiral and barred
a group of galaxies
have many different shapes and are usually smaller and less c…
are shaped like footballs
Two types of spiral galaxies
spiral and barred
cluster
a group of galaxies
26 terms
Chapter 30 Earth Space Science ( Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe )
spectrographs
nuclear fusion
hydrogen, helium, oxygen, carbon, nitr…
Apparent motion
Astronomers direct sunlight at this, they are devices that se…
the combination of light atomic nuclei to form heavier atomic…
What are stars made of?
motion as it appears on Earth, caused by Earth's movement
spectrographs
Astronomers direct sunlight at this, they are devices that se…
nuclear fusion
the combination of light atomic nuclei to form heavier atomic…
20 terms
Earth and Space Science Chapter 30: Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe
Star
Doppler Effect
Light-Year
Parallax
A large celestial body that is composed of gas that emits light
An observed change in the frequency of a wave when the source…
The distance that light travels in one year
An apparent shift in the position of an object when viewed fr…
Star
A large celestial body that is composed of gas that emits light
Doppler Effect
An observed change in the frequency of a wave when the source…
Galaxies and the Universe
What is a star system?
What is a binary star?
What is a triple star?
What is an eclipsing binary?
A group of two or more stars.
A star system that has two stars.
A star system with three stars.
One of the stars in a binary star sometimes blocks the light…
What is a star system?
A group of two or more stars.
What is a binary star?
A star system that has two stars.
30 terms
galaxy and universe
galaxie
nebula
ice, dust, helium, hydrogen, and the r…
nebulas are what size
a large group of stars , gas, and dust held together by gravity
is the cloud of material from which stars are created
what are nebula made of
large and small
galaxie
a large group of stars , gas, and dust held together by gravity
nebula
is the cloud of material from which stars are created
31 terms
Universe, Galaxies, and Stars
Big Bang Theory
Cosmic Background Radiation
Temperature (Big Bang)
Expanding Universe
the theory that the universe originated 20 billion years ago…
The electromagnetic radiation left over from the big bang
Evidence that states there is still heat in the universe left…
the idea that the space between galaxies or clusters of galax…
Big Bang Theory
the theory that the universe originated 20 billion years ago…
Cosmic Background Radiation
The electromagnetic radiation left over from the big bang
11 terms
Universe and Galaxies
universe
big bang, 13.8
200
barred spiral, elliptical, lenticular,…
The __________ represents everything we are aware of.
It originated with the ____ ______ approximately _______ bill…
The universe is a vast, ever expanding field of galaxies. Est…
Galaxies come in many shapes and sizes. Some are __________ _…
universe
The __________ represents everything we are aware of.
big bang, 13.8
It originated with the ____ ______ approximately _______ bill…
33 terms
Mrs. Hooks - Astronomy and Space Science - Chapter 4: Stars,Galaxies, and the Universe
the distance light travels in a year
size, brightness, and temperature
increase in brightness as they increas…
nuclear fusion starts
A light-year is......
Characteristics used to classify stars include......
The Hertzsprung-Russell diagram shows that main-sequence star…
A star is born when......
the distance light travels in a year
A light-year is......
size, brightness, and temperature
Characteristics used to classify stars include......
10 terms
Galaxies & Universe
elliptical galaxy
galaxy
irregular galaxy
Milky Way galaxy
a galaxy that has a generally elliptical shape and that has n…
any of the very large groups of stars and associated matter t…
typically contain large amounts of gas and dust, and their st…
a broad luminous irregular band of light that stretches compl…
elliptical galaxy
a galaxy that has a generally elliptical shape and that has n…
galaxy
any of the very large groups of stars and associated matter t…
10 terms
Galaxies & universe
Elipitcal galaxy
Galaxy
Irregular galaxy
Milky Way galaxy
an oval-shaped galaxy with older stars and little gas and dust
group of between a few million and a few billion stars held t…
category of galaxy that is neither a spiral nor an elliptical…
the name of our galaxy, which includes the whitish band of st…
Elipitcal galaxy
an oval-shaped galaxy with older stars and little gas and dust
Galaxy
group of between a few million and a few billion stars held t…
51 terms
Universe, Galaxies, and Stars
Big Bang Theory
Cosmic Background Radiation
Temperature (Big Bang)
Expanding Universe
the theory that the universe originated 20 billion years ago…
The electromagnetic radiation left over from the big bang
Evidence that states there is still heat in the universe left…
the idea that the space between galaxies or clusters of galax…
Big Bang Theory
the theory that the universe originated 20 billion years ago…
Cosmic Background Radiation
The electromagnetic radiation left over from the big bang
Space (Galaxies)
Galaxy
Universe
Spiral Galaxy
Barred Spiral Galaxy
A collection of dust, stars and planets
Referred to everything that physically exists
- Shape: Spiral shaped arm that flows from the center.... - Grav…
A spiral galaxy with a bar around it
Galaxy
A collection of dust, stars and planets
Universe
Referred to everything that physically exists
27 terms
Universe/ Galaxies
galaxies
what are thought to be at the center o…
nebula
kinds of galaxies
large groups of stars, gas, and dust held together by gravity
black holes
-cloud of material from which stars are created... -made of dust…
-spiral... -irregular... -elliptical
galaxies
large groups of stars, gas, and dust held together by gravity
what are thought to be at the center o…
black holes
16 terms
Chapter 30: Galaxies and the Universe
Variable Star
RR Lyrae Variable
Cephied Variable
Halo
star in the giant branch of the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram t…
stars with pulsation periods ranging from 1.5 hours to 1 day,…
have pulsation periods between 1 and 100 days and the luminos…
around the nuclear bulge and the disk
Variable Star
star in the giant branch of the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram t…
RR Lyrae Variable
stars with pulsation periods ranging from 1.5 hours to 1 day,…
19 terms
Chapter 10 - The Universe and Galaxies
Celestial Bodies
Astronomers
Galaxy
Types of galaxies
objects found in space
people who study space and objects in space
A collection of stars, gases, and dust
spiral, elliptical, and irregular
Celestial Bodies
objects found in space
Astronomers
people who study space and objects in space
10 terms
Galaxies and Universe
Elliptical galaxy
Galaxy
Irregular galaxy
Milky Way galaxy
...
...
...
...
Elliptical galaxy
...
Galaxy
...
33 terms
Universe & Galaxies
Solar System:
What is a planet?
Closer to the Sun, smaller in size and…
Further from the Sun, are larger and h…
-Central Star (or stars) and all the planets and objects that…
- A collection of matter that is large enough to have formed…
Terrestrial Planets
Jovian Planets
Solar System:
-Central Star (or stars) and all the planets and objects that…
What is a planet?
- A collection of matter that is large enough to have formed…
19 terms
Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe
spectrum
apparent magnitude
absolute magnitude
light-year
colored band produced when a beam of light passes through a p…
the brightness of a star when viewed from Earth
brightness of a star as it would appear if located 32.6 light…
the distance light travels in one year
spectrum
colored band produced when a beam of light passes through a p…
apparent magnitude
the brightness of a star when viewed from Earth
9 terms
The universe and galaxies
Elliptical galaxy
Galaxy
Irregular galaxy
Milky Way galaxy
is a type of galaxy having an approximately ellipsoidal shape…
a system of millions or billions of stars, together with gas…
A galaxy that does not have the clearly defined shape and str…
The Milky Way is the galaxy that contains our Solar System. I…
Elliptical galaxy
is a type of galaxy having an approximately ellipsoidal shape…
Galaxy
a system of millions or billions of stars, together with gas…
10 terms
Galaxies & The Universe
elliptical galaxy
galaxy
irregular galaxy
Milky Way galaxy
an oval-shaped galaxy with older stars and little gas and dust
group of between a few million and a few billion stars held t…
category of galaxy that is neither a spiral nor an elliptical…
the name of our galaxy, which includes the whitish band of st…
elliptical galaxy
an oval-shaped galaxy with older stars and little gas and dust
galaxy
group of between a few million and a few billion stars held t…
10 terms
Galaxies and the Universe
Elliptical Galaxy
Galaxy
Irregular Galaxy
Milky Way Galaxy
Most common and largest type of galaxy: Milky Way, Adromeda G…
...
Many different shapes and sizes: Large Maglilanie Cloud
...
Elliptical Galaxy
Most common and largest type of galaxy: Milky Way, Adromeda G…
Galaxy
...
10 terms
Galaxies and the universe
Variable star
RR Lyrae variable
Cepheid variable
Halo
Stars in the branch of the hertzsprung Russell diagram. Brigh…
Periods of pulsation between 1.5 and 1 day. On average they h…
Pulsation between 1 and 100 days. The longer the period of pu…
A spherical region where globular clusters are located
Variable star
Stars in the branch of the hertzsprung Russell diagram. Brigh…
RR Lyrae variable
Periods of pulsation between 1.5 and 1 day. On average they h…
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