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Study sets matching "galaxies universe"

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Study sets matching "galaxies universe"

Galaxies and the Universe
Spiral galaxy
Elliptical galaxy
Irregular galaxy
Light year
A galaxy with a nucleus of bright stars and two or more spira…
A galaxy that is spherical or has the appearance of a flatten…
A galaxy with no definite shape.
The distance light travels in one year.
Spiral galaxy
A galaxy with a nucleus of bright stars and two or more spira…
Elliptical galaxy
A galaxy that is spherical or has the appearance of a flatten…
12 terms
Universe & Galaxies
universe
galaxy
Milky Way Galaxy
Solar System
all of space and everything in it
a huge group of single stars, star systems, star clusters, du…
the spiral galaxy where the Solar System is located
consists of the sun, planets, their moons, and smaller object…
universe
all of space and everything in it
galaxy
a huge group of single stars, star systems, star clusters, du…
8 terms
Universe and Galaxies
Universe
Galaxy
Light Year
Big Bang Theory
space that contains all know matter and energy
A group of stars, dust, and gas held together by gravity
The distance light travels in one year.
States that the universe began with an explosion, and the mat…
Universe
space that contains all know matter and energy
Galaxy
A group of stars, dust, and gas held together by gravity
10 terms
Galaxies and the Universe
Galaxy
Dark Matter
Big Bang Theory
Doppler Shift
Huge collections of stars
Matter that emits no light at any wavelength - makes up 90% o…
The universe began from one point billions of years ago and h…
The shift to a different wavelength depending on if it is app…
Galaxy
Huge collections of stars
Dark Matter
Matter that emits no light at any wavelength - makes up 90% o…
15 terms
Galaxies and the Universe
Galaxy
Dark Matter
Spiral Galaxy
Elliptical Galaxy
a huge collection of stars
matter that emits no light at any wavelength
Type of galaxy that is thicker near the center, a region call…
Largest type of galaxy; shaped like a football
Galaxy
a huge collection of stars
Dark Matter
matter that emits no light at any wavelength
51 terms
Galaxies and the Universe
Big Bang Theory
elliptical galaxy
Irregular Galaxy
Milky Way Galaxy
theory that states that the universe was formed by the explos…
type of galaxy that can vary in shape - nearly spherical to a…
type of galaxy with no definite shape; younger; more gas and…
galaxy in which the Earth's solar system is located
Big Bang Theory
theory that states that the universe was formed by the explos…
elliptical galaxy
type of galaxy that can vary in shape - nearly spherical to a…
10 terms
Galaxies & the Universe
Sun
Galaxies
Elliptical Galaxy
Spiral Galaxy
A star in the Milky Way galaxy located in a spiral arm about…
Made up of gas, dust, and billions of stars and have differen…
Spherical or flattened disk
A nucleus of bright stars and two or more spiral arms
Sun
A star in the Milky Way galaxy located in a spiral arm about…
Galaxies
Made up of gas, dust, and billions of stars and have differen…
10 terms
Galaxies & The Universe
barred and normal
elliptical
irregular
galaxy
What are the 2 types of spiral galaxies
What galaxies are shaped like footballs
type of galaxy that has no regular shape
a group of stars
barred and normal
What are the 2 types of spiral galaxies
elliptical
What galaxies are shaped like footballs
8 terms
Galaxies and the Universe
Spiral galaxy
Elliptical galaxy
Irregular galaxy
Light year
A galaxy with a nucleus of bright stars and two or more spira…
A galaxy that is spherical or has the appearance of a flatten…
A galaxy with no definite shape.
The distance light travels in one year.
Spiral galaxy
A galaxy with a nucleus of bright stars and two or more spira…
Elliptical galaxy
A galaxy that is spherical or has the appearance of a flatten…
10 terms
Galaxies and Universe
Elliptical Galaxy
Irregular Galaxy
Galaxy
Milky Way Galaxy
There shape is an oval. They can be by bigger galaxies and th…
It's a Galaxy that isn't an elliptical or a spiral. It's like…
Is a big group of stars held together by gravity. Galaxies ar…
You can see it from Earth when it's really clear outside.
Elliptical Galaxy
There shape is an oval. They can be by bigger galaxies and th…
Irregular Galaxy
It's a Galaxy that isn't an elliptical or a spiral. It's like…
42 terms
Galaxies and the Universe
how far does light travel in one second
the type of telescope that works only…
a galaxy that looks like the center of…
the coolest type of giant star
three hundred million meters
X-ray telescope
elliptical galaxy
red giant star
how far does light travel in one second
three hundred million meters
the type of telescope that works only…
X-ray telescope
8 terms
Galaxies and the Universe
Big Bang Theory
Universe
Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram
Spiral Galaxy
the theory that all matter and energy in the universe was com…
All space and everything in it.
A graph relating the surface temperatures and absolute bright…
A galaxy with a bulge in the middle and arms that spiral outw…
Big Bang Theory
the theory that all matter and energy in the universe was com…
Universe
All space and everything in it.
10 terms
Universe and Galaxies
Universe
Big Bang Theory
Red Shift
Doppler Effect
everything that exists in every place; all the space, matter,…
all matter and energy in the universe was originally concentr…
the movement of energy to the red end of the visible light sp…
the shifting of energy wavelengths emitted by objects in motion
Universe
everything that exists in every place; all the space, matter,…
Big Bang Theory
all matter and energy in the universe was originally concentr…
32 terms
Galaxies and the Universe
Two types of spiral galaxies
cluster
irregular galaxies
elliptical galaxies
spiral and barred
a group of galaxies
have many different shapes and are usually smaller and less c…
are shaped like footballs
Two types of spiral galaxies
spiral and barred
cluster
a group of galaxies
Galaxies and the Universe
What is a star system?
What is a binary star?
What is a triple star?
What is an eclipsing binary?
A group of two or more stars.
A star system that has two stars.
A star system with three stars.
One of the stars in a binary star sometimes blocks the light…
What is a star system?
A group of two or more stars.
What is a binary star?
A star system that has two stars.
31 terms
Universe, Galaxies, and Stars
Big Bang Theory
Cosmic Background Radiation
Temperature (Big Bang)
Expanding Universe
the theory that the universe originated 20 billion years ago…
The electromagnetic radiation left over from the big bang
Evidence that states there is still heat in the universe left…
the idea that the space between galaxies or clusters of galax…
Big Bang Theory
the theory that the universe originated 20 billion years ago…
Cosmic Background Radiation
The electromagnetic radiation left over from the big bang
11 terms
Universe and Galaxies
universe
big bang, 13.8
200
barred spiral, elliptical, lenticular,…
The __________ represents everything we are aware of.
It originated with the ____ ______ approximately _______ bill…
The universe is a vast, ever expanding field of galaxies. Est…
Galaxies come in many shapes and sizes. Some are __________ _…
universe
The __________ represents everything we are aware of.
big bang, 13.8
It originated with the ____ ______ approximately _______ bill…
19 terms
Chapter 10 - The Universe and Galaxies
Celestial Bodies
Astronomers
Galaxy
Types of galaxies
objects found in space
people who study space and objects in space
A collection of stars, gases, and dust
spiral, elliptical, and irregular
Celestial Bodies
objects found in space
Astronomers
people who study space and objects in space
19 terms
Galaxies and the Universe
Name the three basic parts of a spiral…
Why are spiral galaxies so bright?
What are elliptical galaxies mostly ma…
Which statement accurately describes i…
The three basic components of a spiral galaxy are the disk, t…
Spiral galaxies contain a lot of gas and dust, and are active…
old stars
Irregular galaxies contain many newly-formed stars.
Name the three basic parts of a spiral…
The three basic components of a spiral galaxy are the disk, t…
Why are spiral galaxies so bright?
Spiral galaxies contain a lot of gas and dust, and are active…
51 terms
Universe, Galaxies, and Stars
Big Bang Theory
Cosmic Background Radiation
Temperature (Big Bang)
Expanding Universe
the theory that the universe originated 20 billion years ago…
The electromagnetic radiation left over from the big bang
Evidence that states there is still heat in the universe left…
the idea that the space between galaxies or clusters of galax…
Big Bang Theory
the theory that the universe originated 20 billion years ago…
Cosmic Background Radiation
The electromagnetic radiation left over from the big bang
10 terms
Galaxies & Universe
elliptical galaxy
galaxy
irregular galaxy
Milky Way galaxy
a galaxy that has a generally elliptical shape and that has n…
any of the very large groups of stars and associated matter t…
typically contain large amounts of gas and dust, and their st…
a broad luminous irregular band of light that stretches compl…
elliptical galaxy
a galaxy that has a generally elliptical shape and that has n…
galaxy
any of the very large groups of stars and associated matter t…
10 terms
Galaxies & universe
Elipitcal galaxy
Galaxy
Irregular galaxy
Milky Way galaxy
an oval-shaped galaxy with older stars and little gas and dust
group of between a few million and a few billion stars held t…
category of galaxy that is neither a spiral nor an elliptical…
the name of our galaxy, which includes the whitish band of st…
Elipitcal galaxy
an oval-shaped galaxy with older stars and little gas and dust
Galaxy
group of between a few million and a few billion stars held t…
27 terms
Universe/ Galaxies
galaxies
what are thought to be at the center o…
nebula
kinds of galaxies
large groups of stars, gas, and dust held together by gravity
black holes
-cloud of material from which stars are created... -made of dust…
-spiral... -irregular... -elliptical
galaxies
large groups of stars, gas, and dust held together by gravity
what are thought to be at the center o…
black holes
33 terms
Universe & Galaxies
Solar System:
What is a planet?
Closer to the Sun, smaller in size and…
Further from the Sun, are larger and h…
-Central Star (or stars) and all the planets and objects that…
- A collection of matter that is large enough to have formed…
Terrestrial Planets
Jovian Planets
Solar System:
-Central Star (or stars) and all the planets and objects that…
What is a planet?
- A collection of matter that is large enough to have formed…
10 terms
Galaxies & The Universe
elliptical galaxy
galaxy
irregular galaxy
Milky Way galaxy
an oval-shaped galaxy with older stars and little gas and dust
group of between a few million and a few billion stars held t…
category of galaxy that is neither a spiral nor an elliptical…
the name of our galaxy, which includes the whitish band of st…
elliptical galaxy
an oval-shaped galaxy with older stars and little gas and dust
galaxy
group of between a few million and a few billion stars held t…
10 terms
Galaxies and Universe
Elliptical galaxy
Galaxy
Irregular galaxy
Milky Way galaxy
an oval-shaped galaxy with older stars and little gas and dust
group of between a few million and a few billion stars held t…
category of galaxy that is neither a spiral nor an elliptical…
the name of our galaxy, which includes the whitish band of st…
Elliptical galaxy
an oval-shaped galaxy with older stars and little gas and dust
Galaxy
group of between a few million and a few billion stars held t…
10 terms
Galaxies and the universe
Elliptical Galaxy
Galaxy
Irregular Galaxy
Milky Way Galaxy
an oval-shaped galaxy with older stars and little gas and dust
group of between a few million and a few billion stars held t…
category of galaxy that is neither a spiral nor an elliptical…
the name of our galaxy, which includes the whitish band of st…
Elliptical Galaxy
an oval-shaped galaxy with older stars and little gas and dust
Galaxy
group of between a few million and a few billion stars held t…
9 terms
The universe and galaxies
Elliptical galaxy
Galaxy
Irregular galaxy
Milky Way galaxy
is a type of galaxy having an approximately ellipsoidal shape…
a system of millions or billions of stars, together with gas…
A galaxy that does not have the clearly defined shape and str…
The Milky Way is the galaxy that contains our Solar System. I…
Elliptical galaxy
is a type of galaxy having an approximately ellipsoidal shape…
Galaxy
a system of millions or billions of stars, together with gas…
10 terms
Galaxies and the universe
Variable star
RR Lyrae variable
Cepheid variable
Halo
Stars in the branch of the hertzsprung Russell diagram. Brigh…
Periods of pulsation between 1.5 and 1 day. On average they h…
Pulsation between 1 and 100 days. The longer the period of pu…
A spherical region where globular clusters are located
Variable star
Stars in the branch of the hertzsprung Russell diagram. Brigh…
RR Lyrae variable
Periods of pulsation between 1.5 and 1 day. On average they h…
10 terms
Galaxies and the Universe
Elliptical Galaxy
Galaxy
Irregular Galaxy
Milky Way Galaxy
Most common and largest type of galaxy: Ligo A, M87
A very large group of stars held together by gravity.
Many different shapes and sizes: Large Maglilanie Cloud
The Galaxy that we live in that is 100,00 light years across…
Elliptical Galaxy
Most common and largest type of galaxy: Ligo A, M87
Galaxy
A very large group of stars held together by gravity.
19 terms
Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe
spectrum
apparent magnitude
absolute magnitude
light-year
colored band produced when a beam of light passes through a p…
the brightness of a star when viewed from Earth
brightness of a star as it would appear if located 32.6 light…
the distance light travels in one year
spectrum
colored band produced when a beam of light passes through a p…
apparent magnitude
the brightness of a star when viewed from Earth
10 terms
Galaxies and the Universe
Elliptical galaxy
Galaxy
Irregular galaxy
Milky Way
An elliptical galaxy is a type of galaxy having an approximat…
a system of millions or billions of stars, together with gas…
A galaxy that does not have the clearly defined shape and str…
The Milky Way is the galaxy that contains our Solar System. […
Elliptical galaxy
An elliptical galaxy is a type of galaxy having an approximat…
Galaxy
a system of millions or billions of stars, together with gas…
Galaxies/The Universe
Elliptical galaxy
Galaxy
Irregular galaxy
Milky Way galaxy
type of galaxy having an approximately ellipsoidal shape and…
a system of millions or billions of stars, together with gas…
is a galaxy that does not have a distinct regular shape.
is the galaxy that contains our Solar System.
Elliptical galaxy
type of galaxy having an approximately ellipsoidal shape and…
Galaxy
a system of millions or billions of stars, together with gas…
14 terms
Galaxies and the Universe
the two types of ______galaxies are ba…
a _______ is a group of galaxies
__________ galaxies have many differen…
a spiral galaxie about 2.2 million lig…
spiral
cluster
irregular
andromeda
the two types of ______galaxies are ba…
spiral
a _______ is a group of galaxies
cluster
11 terms
Universe and Galaxies
Universe
Age of the Universe
Nebulae
Red Shift
ALL of the matter, dark matter, and antimatter which exists
The universe began with a period of extreme and rapid expansi…
are remnants of formation
from the color of light shifting toward the red end of the EM…
Universe
ALL of the matter, dark matter, and antimatter which exists
Age of the Universe
The universe began with a period of extreme and rapid expansi…
10 terms
The universe and galaxies
Asteroids
Meteoroids
Meteors
Meteorites
Small chunks of rock or metal that revolve around the sun
Small chunks of rocks smaller than an asteroid
When a meteoroid comes into earth atmosphere
When a meteor makes it into earths surface without burning up
Asteroids
Small chunks of rock or metal that revolve around the sun
Meteoroids
Small chunks of rocks smaller than an asteroid
14 terms
Galaxies and the Universe
the two types of ______galaxies are ba…
a _______ is a group of galaxies
__________ galaxies have many differen…
a spiral galaxie about 2.2 million lig…
spiral
cluster
irregular
andromeda
the two types of ______galaxies are ba…
spiral
a _______ is a group of galaxies
cluster
22 terms
Galaxies and the universe
Red shift
Blue shift
Comet
coma
when an object is moving away, elongating the light wavelengt…
the opposite
A floating chunck of ice, gas, and dust
the two tails of the comet
Red shift
when an object is moving away, elongating the light wavelengt…
Blue shift
the opposite
9 terms
Galaxies and the Universe
Halo
Spiral density wave
Variable star
Hubble constant
element belonging to Group 17 of the periodic table
spiral regions of alternating density which rotates as a rigi…
star in the giant branch of the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram t…
value (H) used to calculate the rate at which the universe is…
Halo
element belonging to Group 17 of the periodic table
Spiral density wave
spiral regions of alternating density which rotates as a rigi…
13 terms
Galaxies and the Universe
three dimensional galaxies that can be…
A red-shift indicates that objects are…
The ____ states that between 15 and 20…
Irregular galaxies are very large.
elliptical galaxy
False
Big Bang theory
False
three dimensional galaxies that can be…
elliptical galaxy
A red-shift indicates that objects are…
False
20 terms
Galaxies and the Universe
variable star
RR Lyrae variable
Cepheid variables
halo
star in the giant branch of the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram t…
stars with pulsation periods ranging from 1.5 hours to 1.2 da…
stars with pulsation periods ranging 1-100 days and varying l…
spherical region where globular clusters are located; surroun…
variable star
star in the giant branch of the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram t…
RR Lyrae variable
stars with pulsation periods ranging from 1.5 hours to 1.2 da…
12 terms
Galaxies and The Universe
Galaxy
Cluster
Irregular
Spiral
a large group of stars, gas, and dust held together by gravity.
a group of galaxies
galaxies have many different shapes and are usually smaller a…
Two types of ___ galaxies are barred and normal
Galaxy
a large group of stars, gas, and dust held together by gravity.
Cluster
a group of galaxies
Galaxies and the Universe
galactic halo
galactic bulge
galactic disk
cosmic background radiation
random motion around center, old stars, no dust or gas
"nucleus" of galaxy; new and old stars, rotates around center
new and old stars; lots of star formation, gas and dust; rota…
thermal radiation left over from recombination in big bang co…
galactic halo
random motion around center, old stars, no dust or gas
galactic bulge
"nucleus" of galaxy; new and old stars, rotates around center
28 terms
Galaxies and the Universe
Huge collections of stars are called _…
Galaxies can contain hundreds of billi…
_____ holds stars together in galaxies.
Most matter in galaxies is ____.
galaxies
stars
gravity
dark matter
Huge collections of stars are called _…
galaxies
Galaxies can contain hundreds of billi…
stars
7 terms
Galaxies in the universe
The Sun
Spiral
Irregular
Elliptical
A star in the Milky Way
a nucleus of bright stars with 2 or more
NO Definite Shape
A Spherical or Flat Disks
The Sun
A star in the Milky Way
Spiral
a nucleus of bright stars with 2 or more
26 terms
Galaxies and the Universe
Nebula
Protostar
Planetary Nebula
White Dwarf
A cloud of gas and dust in outer space, visible in the night…
A contracting mass of gas that represents an early stage in t…
A ring-shaped nebula formed by an expanding shell of gas arou…
A small very dense star that is typically the size of a planet
Nebula
A cloud of gas and dust in outer space, visible in the night…
Protostar
A contracting mass of gas that represents an early stage in t…
33 terms
Mustache - Stars, Galaxies and the Universe
Constellation
Absolute Magnitude
Apparent Magnitude
Parallax
a group of stars that form a pattern that looks like a famili…
a measure of the amount of light that a star actually emits
the brightness of a star when viewed from Earth
The apparent change in position of an object when seen from d…
Constellation
a group of stars that form a pattern that looks like a famili…
Absolute Magnitude
a measure of the amount of light that a star actually emits
16 terms
Universe and Galaxies
Galaxy
Elliptical galaxy
Irregular Galaxy
Spiral galaxy
A huge group of single stars, star systems , star clusters, d…
A galaxy shaped like a round or flattened ball. Generally con…
A galaxy that does not have a regular shape
A galaxy with a bulge in the middle and arms that spiral outw…
Galaxy
A huge group of single stars, star systems , star clusters, d…
Elliptical galaxy
A galaxy shaped like a round or flattened ball. Generally con…
16 terms
Universe and Galaxies
Galaxies
Elliptical Galaxies
Irregular Galaxies
Spiral Galaxies
A huge group of single stars, star systems, star clusters, du…
A galaxy shaped like a round flattened ball, generally contai…
A galaxy that does have a regular shape.
A galaxy with a bulge in the middle and arms that spiral outw…
Galaxies
A huge group of single stars, star systems, star clusters, du…
Elliptical Galaxies
A galaxy shaped like a round flattened ball, generally contai…
36 terms
Galaxies and the Universe
most stars exist in
Galaxies
Each galaxy contains
_________________holds stars and galax…
galaxies
huge collection of stars
hundreds and billions of stars
gravity
most stars exist in
galaxies
Galaxies
huge collection of stars
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