Study sets matching "gallbladder"

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Study sets matching "gallbladder"

12 terms
Gallbladder
Gallbladder
Gallbladder
Gallbladder
Fundus Gallbladder
A
Green area
Name the region of gallbladder
Gallbladder
Gallbladder
A
29 terms
Gallbladder
Gallbladder location
Gallbladder is covered by:
Dome-shaped inferior portion
Hartmann's pouch
under ventral surface of the liver
lesser omentum (visceral peritoneum)
fundus
infundibulum; reservoir near cystic duct
Gallbladder location
under ventral surface of the liver
Gallbladder is covered by:
lesser omentum (visceral peritoneum)
75 terms
Gallbladder
ampulla of Vater
bilirubin
cholecystectomy
commmon bile duct (CBD)
small opening in the duodenum in which the pancreatic and CBD…
yellow pigment in bile formed by the breakdown of RBCs
removal of the gallbladder
extends from the point where the common hepatic duct meets th…
ampulla of Vater
small opening in the duodenum in which the pancreatic and CBD…
bilirubin
yellow pigment in bile formed by the breakdown of RBCs
121 terms
Gallbladder
Normal length of GB
Normal diameter of GB
Normal wall thickness of GB
GB location
7-10cm
2.5 - 4 cm
< 3 mm
Major interlobar fissure
Normal length of GB
7-10cm
Normal diameter of GB
2.5 - 4 cm
17 terms
Gallbladder
A patient with painless jaundice weigh…
What is the next test of choice in a p…
A patient presents to your office with…
A patient with cholangitis develops co…
Gallbladder or Pancreatic cancer
Nuclear scan (HIDA or PIPIDA)
Porcelain gallbladder
Acute obstructive suppurative cholangitis
A patient with painless jaundice weigh…
Gallbladder or Pancreatic cancer
What is the next test of choice in a p…
Nuclear scan (HIDA or PIPIDA)
22 terms
Gallbladder
What are the topic of the gallbladder
3 things to form a cholesterol stone
Pigment Stone
Cholesterol Stone
Cholelithiasis (stones), Cholesterolosis (strawberry gallblad…
Supersaturation, Nucleation, Stasis
UNconjugated, tightly bound to albuminen, Hemolytic Condition…
Conjugated loosely bound, in URINE, F's Female, Forty, Fat, F…
What are the topic of the gallbladder
Cholelithiasis (stones), Cholesterolosis (strawberry gallblad…
3 things to form a cholesterol stone
Supersaturation, Nucleation, Stasis
26 terms
Gallbladder
Where is the gallbladder located?
What size is the gallbladder?
What are the parts of the GB?
What part of the GB becomes the cystic…
-in a shallow fossa on the posterior and inferior surface of…
-6-10 cm long and 2- 4 cm wide
-neck... -body ... -fundus
-neck
Where is the gallbladder located?
-in a shallow fossa on the posterior and inferior surface of…
What size is the gallbladder?
-6-10 cm long and 2- 4 cm wide
14 terms
Gallbladder
Gallbladder
Gallbladder
Gallbladder
Fundus Gallbladder
A
Green area
Name the region of gallbladder
Gallbladder
Gallbladder
A
79 terms
Gallbladder
emphysematous cholecystitis... gangrenous…
chronic inflammation... hyperplasia of GB…
Cholangitis
hepatitis... non-fasting... congenital heart…
What are some complications that could occur as a result of a…
What are some causes of polyps?
Patient presents with RUQ pain, fever and chills. Lab results…
What are some potential causes of GB wall thickening?
emphysematous cholecystitis... gangrenous…
What are some complications that could occur as a result of a…
chronic inflammation... hyperplasia of GB…
What are some causes of polyps?
14 terms
Gallbladder
A
B
B
D
The right and left hepatic ducts emerge from the right lobe o…
The hepatic duct is joined by the ___ to form the ___.... a. Pan…
In a 60 year old adult, the normal common bile duct should no…
A phrygian cap of the gallbladder is:... a. Partial septation... b.…
A
The right and left hepatic ducts emerge from the right lobe o…
B
The hepatic duct is joined by the ___ to form the ___.... a. Pan…
62 terms
Gallbladder
The right & left hepatic ducts join to…
The gallbladder neck tapers to form th…
The CBD and the main Pancreatic duct j…
What structures form the portal triad?
...
...
...
Think Mickey Mouse Sign... MPV, Common Hepatic Duct & the Prope…
The right & left hepatic ducts join to…
...
The gallbladder neck tapers to form th…
...
13 terms
Gallbladder
bile
bile ducts
sphincter of oddi
CCK
produced in the liver, soared in the gallbladder, and carried…
highway for bile
located in the duodenum; regulates the passage of bile; preve…
peptide hormone released and stimulates the sphincter of oddi…
bile
produced in the liver, soared in the gallbladder, and carried…
bile ducts
highway for bile
45 terms
gallbladder
the biliary system consists of
location of the gallbladder
the gallbladder is
what are the three segments of the gal…
rt and lt hepatic ducts, CHD, CBD, gallbladder, cystic duct
RUQ
intraperitoneal, posterior and inferior to the liver it is al…
fundus, body, neck
the biliary system consists of
rt and lt hepatic ducts, CHD, CBD, gallbladder, cystic duct
location of the gallbladder
RUQ
24 terms
Gallbladder
Congenital Anomalies
phrygian cap
biliary atresia
Choledochal cysts
Absent... Duplication with conjoined or independent cystic duct…
A folded fundus is the most common anomaly, creating a
hypoplastic narrowing of biliary channels
may be isolated findings in the gallbladder or associated wit…
Congenital Anomalies
Absent... Duplication with conjoined or independent cystic duct…
phrygian cap
A folded fundus is the most common anomaly, creating a
116 terms
Gallbladder
A 71 year old patient presents to the…
The innermost layer of the gallbladder…
The cystic artery is a branch of the:
The middle layer of the gallbladder wa…
Courvoisier
Mucosal layer
right hepatic artery
fibromuscular layer
A 71 year old patient presents to the…
Courvoisier
The innermost layer of the gallbladder…
Mucosal layer
73 terms
Gallbladder
% of cholecystectomies complicated by…
Are most bile duct injuries. Oted at t…
Does routine IOC reduce:... Incidence of…
IOC should demonstrate what 4 things
0.3%
Missed
No... &... No
Full opacification... 1st order hepatic radicals... Free flow into…
% of cholecystectomies complicated by…
0.3%
Are most bile duct injuries. Oted at t…
Missed
121 terms
Gallbladder
Normal length of GB
Normal diameter of GB
Normal wall thickness of GB
GB location
7-10cm
2.5 - 4 cm
< 3 mm
Major interlobar fissure
Normal length of GB
7-10cm
Normal diameter of GB
2.5 - 4 cm
gallbladder
right hepatic duct
left hepatic duct
common hepatic duct
cystic duct
...
...
...
right hepatic duct
left hepatic duct
...
54 terms
Gallbladder
What does the Biliary System do
What does the person have if these org…
Interdisiplinary management of patient…
What causes inflammation in the biliar…
the liver and gallbladder and pancreas secrete enzymes and ot…
Impaired digestion which may result in inadaquate nutrition.
The need to promote nutrition for normal cellular function.
Gallstones, edema, stricture, or tumors. Trauma was listed in…
What does the Biliary System do
the liver and gallbladder and pancreas secrete enzymes and ot…
What does the person have if these org…
Impaired digestion which may result in inadaquate nutrition.
46 terms
Gallbladder
Where does the gallbladder rest in the…
What is the gallbladder responsible for?
Where does the gallbladder inject the…
How does the gallbladder inject the bi…
On the 1st part of the duodenum
Concentration and storage of bile from liver
2nd part of duodenum
Common bile duct
Where does the gallbladder rest in the…
On the 1st part of the duodenum
What is the gallbladder responsible for?
Concentration and storage of bile from liver
15 terms
Gallbladder
Gallbladder normal histology
What layer is the gallbladder missing?
Cholelithiasis substypes
Most common type of gallstones western…
Submucosa
1. Cholesterol... 2. Pigment
75-85% cholesterol stones
Gallbladder normal histology
What layer is the gallbladder missing?
Submucosa
Gallbladder
bile duct order
bile flow
how bile gets into gallbladder
concentration of bile in the gallbladder
cystic duct+ hepatic bile duct become common bile duct which…
flows opposite to blood in the portal triad
flows from hepatocytes via hepatic bile duct-> backs up into…
done by surface epithelia, simple columnar and Na/Cl channels…
bile duct order
cystic duct+ hepatic bile duct become common bile duct which…
bile flow
flows opposite to blood in the portal triad
96 terms
Gallbladder
What is Adenomyomatosis?
What is the ampulla of Vater?
What is bilirubin?
What is cholangitis?
Small polypoid projections from the gallbladder wall.
small opening in the duodenum in which the pancreatic and com…
yellow pigment in the bile formed by the breakdown of red blo…
inflammation of the bile duct
What is Adenomyomatosis?
Small polypoid projections from the gallbladder wall.
What is the ampulla of Vater?
small opening in the duodenum in which the pancreatic and com…
26 terms
Gallbladder
Bile Composition
Bile Pathway/ Function
Enterohepatic Circulation
Gallbladder
Water, Bile salts, cholesterol, inorganic acids
1. Released into canaliculi then to intrahepatic ducts... 2. Ac…
1. Bile is re-circulated; can use same molecules multiple tim…
1. Stores and concentrates bile... 2. Contracts in response o C…
Bile Composition
Water, Bile salts, cholesterol, inorganic acids
Bile Pathway/ Function
1. Released into canaliculi then to intrahepatic ducts... 2. Ac…
Gallbladder
Triangle of Calot
Rokitansky-Aschoff sinuses
Cystic a origin
Portal triad
Cystic duct (lateral), CBD (medial), liver border (superior)…
epithelial invaginations in the GB wall; formed from increase…
R hepatic artery
Portal vein: anterior... Hepatic artery: left... CBD: right
Triangle of Calot
Cystic duct (lateral), CBD (medial), liver border (superior)…
Rokitansky-Aschoff sinuses
epithelial invaginations in the GB wall; formed from increase…
Gallbladder
Gallstones Incidence/Prevelance
Gallstones Formation:
Cholesterol stones
Mixed stones
In people over 30 y/o ... 2.9% of women... 2.2% of men... 10% of all p…
Cholesterol Stones ... Mixed Stones... Pigment Stones
50% of the stone is cholesterol and mucin glycoproteins
20 - 50% of the stone is cholesterol
Gallstones Incidence/Prevelance
In people over 30 y/o ... 2.9% of women... 2.2% of men... 10% of all p…
Gallstones Formation:
Cholesterol Stones ... Mixed Stones... Pigment Stones
38 terms
Gallbladder
Blood supply to GB is via:
Blood is drained by the:
Gallbladder layers:
Portal Triad consits of:
cystic artery
cystic vein
Mucosa... Muscle... Serous
Main Portal Vein... Common hepatic duct... Proper hepatic artery
Blood supply to GB is via:
cystic artery
Blood is drained by the:
cystic vein
28 terms
GALLBLADDER
SLUDGE
CHOLELITHIASIS
BILIARY COLIC
MUCOCELE HYDROPS
SEDIMENT OF BILE
GALLSTONES
GallBladder Attack Pain Occurs during a gallstone temporari…
An over distended gallbladder filled with mucoid or clear and…
SLUDGE
SEDIMENT OF BILE
CHOLELITHIASIS
GALLSTONES
120 terms
Gallbladder
CBD and CHD dilation
ducts within liver, RHD and LHD.... descr…
-Big, palpable, nontender gb in a jaun…
whether its intrahepatic or extra hepa…
Biliary tract dilations -extra hepatic
Biliary tract dilation - intrahepatic dilation
Courvoisier GB
with bile duct obstructions, where does the dilation happen
CBD and CHD dilation
Biliary tract dilations -extra hepatic
ducts within liver, RHD and LHD.... descr…
Biliary tract dilation - intrahepatic dilation
Gallbladder
6 Fs
Biliary Atresia
Wall Thickening
Porta Hepatis
Cholelithiasis risk factors
3 week old male is presenting with persistent jaundice and in…
> 3 mm
The neck is found to the right of
6 Fs
Cholelithiasis risk factors
Biliary Atresia
3 week old male is presenting with persistent jaundice and in…
55 terms
gallbladder
adenomyomatosis
ampulla of Vater
bilirubin
cholangitis
small polypoid projections from the gallbladder wall
small opening in the duodenum in which the pancreatic and com…
yellow pigment in bile formed by the breakdown of red blood c…
inflammation of the bile duct
adenomyomatosis
small polypoid projections from the gallbladder wall
ampulla of Vater
small opening in the duodenum in which the pancreatic and com…
46 terms
gallbladder
Where is the gallbladder located?
gallbladder fossa on the _____________…
Biliary tract runs btwn the _______&__…
biliary tract consists of _________&__…
upper right quadrant of the abdomen
posterior inferior
liver & duodenum
gallbladder & bile ducts
Where is the gallbladder located?
upper right quadrant of the abdomen
gallbladder fossa on the _____________…
posterior inferior
10 terms
Gallbladder
Gallbladder
Bilirubin
Jaundice
stores the bile made by the liver
small green organ in the inferior surface of the liver
by-product from the break down of hemoglobin
condition when the skin and the white of the eyes are yellow
what does the gallbladder do
Gallbladder
small green organ in the inferior surface of the liver
Bilirubin
by-product from the break down of hemoglobin
Gallbladder
Stores
Releases into
CBD
Gall stones
Bile
Duodenum through common bile duct
Common bile duct
Excessive amount of cholesterol(chol)
Stores
Bile
Releases into
Duodenum through common bile duct
17 terms
Gallbladder
Cholelithiasis
Cholecystitis
Cholangitis
Choledocholithiasis
Gallstones (calculi) in the gallbladder, may be cholesterol o…
Inflammation of the gallbladder secondary to obstruction, inf…
Inflammation of the biliary ducts secondary to obstruction of…
Stones in the common bile duct (biliary obstructions), bile n…
Cholelithiasis
Gallstones (calculi) in the gallbladder, may be cholesterol o…
Cholecystitis
Inflammation of the gallbladder secondary to obstruction, inf…
27 terms
Gallbladder
Gb41
Gb41
Gb 41
Gb 41
Spreads liver qi, clears head/benefits the eyes, benefits the…
Predominantly treats the physical sx of lv qi stagnation..dis…
Lung qi not descending causing breathlessness.
Occipital and vertex headaches classically one sided shao yan…
Gb41
Spreads liver qi, clears head/benefits the eyes, benefits the…
Gb41
Predominantly treats the physical sx of lv qi stagnation..dis…
16 terms
Gallbladder
3 segments of GB
Fundus
Body
Neck
Fundus, body, neck
Inferiorly located (can be variable depending on patient posi…
Middle portion GB( between fundus and neck)
Fixed in its position, tapers into cystic duct
3 segments of GB
Fundus, body, neck
Fundus
Inferiorly located (can be variable depending on patient posi…
10 terms
Gallbladder
Cholecystitis
cholelithiasis
choledocholithiasis
Risk Factors
inflammation of the gallbladder
stones in the gallbladder
stones in CBD
female, fat, fertile, forty
Cholecystitis
inflammation of the gallbladder
cholelithiasis
stones in the gallbladder
33 terms
Gallbladder
Choledocholithiasis
Biliary colic
Empyema
Mucocele
-most common cause of biliary obstruction... -jaundice... -cholangi…
-RUQ pain... -treat with analgesia and cholecystectomy
gallbladder filled with pus due to acute cholecystitis
-refers to overdistended gallbladder filled iwth mucoid or cl…
Choledocholithiasis
-most common cause of biliary obstruction... -jaundice... -cholangi…
Biliary colic
-RUQ pain... -treat with analgesia and cholecystectomy
116 terms
Gallbladder
A 71 year old patient presents to the…
The innermost layer of the gallbladder…
The cystic artery is a branch of the:
The middle layer of the gallbladder wa…
Courvoisier
Mucosal layer
right hepatic artery
fibromuscular layer
A 71 year old patient presents to the…
Courvoisier
The innermost layer of the gallbladder…
Mucosal layer
8 terms
GALLBLADDER
Key Sx: ... Hypochondrial fullness, a fe…
G 24, Liv 14, Ren 12, G 34, Dannangxue…
Key Sx:... Hypochondrial fullness, bitter…
G 24, Liv 14, Ren 12, G 24, Dannangxue…
Dampness in the Gall Bladder
Dampness in the Gall Bladder
Damp Heat in the Gall Bladder
Damp Heat in the Gall Bladder
Key Sx: ... Hypochondrial fullness, a fe…
Dampness in the Gall Bladder
G 24, Liv 14, Ren 12, G 34, Dannangxue…
Dampness in the Gall Bladder
135 terms
Gallbladder
The biliary tree consists of
The biliary system works closely with
The gallbladder stores and concentrate…
The gallbladder is located at what por…
Gallbladder ... Bile ducts
Liver and pancreas
Bile from the liver
Posterior and inferior ... It is closely related to the interlob…
The biliary tree consists of
Gallbladder ... Bile ducts
The biliary system works closely with
Liver and pancreas
Gallbladder
Location
Fxn
Duct system step 1
step 2
visceral surface of liver in fossa for gallbladder
stores and concentrates bile
liver makes bile that secretes into left or right hepatic ducts
the bile enters common hepatic duct formed by union of l and…
Location
visceral surface of liver in fossa for gallbladder
Fxn
stores and concentrates bile
9 terms
Gallbladder
gallbladder
gallbladder fundus
gallbladder body
gallbladder neck
gallbladder
gallbladder fundus
123 terms
Gallbladder
Rokitansky-Aschoff sinuses
Adenomyomatosis
Adenomyomatosis
Cholecystitis
Small outpouching of the mucosa of the GB. Extend into GB wall.
Gallbladder wall is thickened due to proliferation of subsurf…
Ultrasound demonstrates intramural cystic formation with echo…
Adenomyomatosis is caused by:
Rokitansky-Aschoff sinuses
Small outpouching of the mucosa of the GB. Extend into GB wall.
Adenomyomatosis
Gallbladder wall is thickened due to proliferation of subsurf…
9 terms
Gallbladder
Gallbladder
Fundus
Body
Neck
Pear-shaped sac located in a depression on the posterior surf…
Broad portion of the gallbladder
Central portion of the gallbladder
Tapered portion of the gall bladder towards the duct
Gallbladder
Pear-shaped sac located in a depression on the posterior surf…
Fundus
Broad portion of the gallbladder
35 terms
gallbladder
liver and gallbladder relationship
gallbladder
disorders of the gallbladder
chole refers to
liver produces bile, gallbladder stores it.
CBD, cystic duct, pancreatic duct, ampulla evader
cholecystitis ... cholelithiasis... choledocholithiasis
gallbladder
liver and gallbladder relationship
liver produces bile, gallbladder stores it.
gallbladder
CBD, cystic duct, pancreatic duct, ampulla evader
Gallbladder
A subhepatic abscess is located
The Gallbladder is a pear shaped sac i…
The gallbladder serves as a
the function of the gallbladder known…
Inferior to liver, anterior to kidney
neck, body, and fundus and measures ... 8-10 cm in length... 3-5 cm…
Reservoir for bile, when food arrives in the duodenum, the ga…
Hormone secreted into the blood that stimulates contraction o…
A subhepatic abscess is located
Inferior to liver, anterior to kidney
The Gallbladder is a pear shaped sac i…
neck, body, and fundus and measures ... 8-10 cm in length... 3-5 cm…
Gallbladder
Cholecytstitis
Cholelithiasis
Bile production
Risk factors
Inflammation of the gall bladder... Can obstruct pancreatic duct…
Gall stones
Liver>gallbladder>duodenum... Used for digestion of fats
Female... Hormone therapy... High fat diet... Obesity... Genetics... >60yrs…
Cholecytstitis
Inflammation of the gall bladder... Can obstruct pancreatic duct…
Cholelithiasis
Gall stones
Gallbladder
Interposition
Septate gallbladder
Biliary atresia
Increased risk for gallbladder disease
Right and left hepatics drain into gb ... Congenital
Congenital, rare... Multi septations
Most common obstructive biliary disease in infants and childr…
Age>40... Obesity... Rapid weight loss... Female... Estrogen intake…
Interposition
Right and left hepatics drain into gb ... Congenital
Septate gallbladder
Congenital, rare... Multi septations
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