# Study sets matching "gases chapter 14"

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Universal Gas Constant

Boyle's Law

Charles' Law

Gay-Lussac's Law

R; conversion factor used in the Ideal Gas Law; depends on the…

P1V1 = P2V2; pressure and volume are inversely related when te…

V1/T1 = V2/T2; volume and temperature are directly related whe…

P1/T1 = P2/T2; pressure and temperature are directly related w…

Universal Gas Constant

R; conversion factor used in the Ideal Gas Law; depends on the…

Boyle's Law

P1V1 = P2V2; pressure and volume are inversely related when te…

Freezing

Melting

Sublimation

Deposition

It occurs when a liquid changes to a solid.

It occurs when a solid changes directly to a liquid.

It occurs when a solid changes directly to a gas. Energy gaine…

It occurs when a gas changes directly to a solid. Energy lost.

Freezing

It occurs when a liquid changes to a solid.

Melting

It occurs when a solid changes directly to a liquid.

Compressibility

Boyle's Law

Charles's Law

Gay-Lussac's Law

the property of being able to occupy less space.

The volume of a gas at constant temperature varies inversely w…

states that the volume of a gas increases with increasing temp…

the pressure of a gas is directly proportional to the Kelvin t…

Compressibility

the property of being able to occupy less space.

Boyle's Law

The volume of a gas at constant temperature varies inversely w…

boiling point

heat of fusion

heat of vaporization

kinetic theory

the temperature at which the pressure of the vapor of a liquid…

amount of energy required to change a substance from the solid…

the amount of energy required for a liquid at its boiling poin…

explanation of the behavior of particles in gases; states that…

boiling point

the temperature at which the pressure of the vapor of a liquid…

heat of fusion

amount of energy required to change a substance from the solid…

Boyle's Law

Avogadro's Law

Charles Law

Gay Lussac's Law

P1V1=P2V2... Equation for line: K=PV

V1/n1=V2/n2... Equation for line: K=V/N

V1/T1=V2/T2... Equation for line: K=V/T

P1/T1=P2/T2... Equation for line: K=P/T

Boyle's Law

P1V1=P2V2... Equation for line: K=PV

Avogadro's Law

V1/n1=V2/n2... Equation for line: K=V/N

Barometer

Aneroid Barometer

Boyle's Law

Bernoulli's Principle

An instrument used to measure the pressure of the atmosphere

An instrument used to measure atmospheric pressure; based on t…

For a constant number of molecules of gas at a constant temper…

The statement that the pressure in a fluid decreases as the sp…

Barometer

An instrument used to measure the pressure of the atmosphere

Aneroid Barometer

An instrument used to measure atmospheric pressure; based on t…

two types of energy

Kinetic energy (KE)

Potential energy (PE)

four properties of gases that help desc…

kinetic energy ... potential energy

energy of an object due to its motion

energy of an object due to its position (stored energy)

pressure, temperature, volume, moles

two types of energy

kinetic energy ... potential energy

Kinetic energy (KE)

energy of an object due to its motion

properties of gases

kinetic molecular theory

pressure equation

STP

particles are far apart, have no definitive shape/volume, easi…

particles moving in fast velocities until collision

force/area

1 atm, 101.3 kPa, 760 mmHg, 0 C, 273 K

properties of gases

particles are far apart, have no definitive shape/volume, easi…

kinetic molecular theory

particles moving in fast velocities until collision

Compressibility

Boyles law

Charles Law

Gay-Lussac's Law

A measure of how much the volume of matter decreases under pre…

States that the volume of a gas is inversely proportional to i…

states that the volume of a gas increases with increasing temp…

states at constant volume, the pressure of a gas is directly p…

Compressibility

A measure of how much the volume of matter decreases under pre…

Boyles law

States that the volume of a gas is inversely proportional to i…

Kinetic Theory

Three assumptions for the Kinetic Theory

Gas

Liquid

is an explanation of how particles in matter behave

1. all matter is composed of small particles... 2. the particles…

Gases do not have a fixed volume or shape. Therefore, they can…

Particles in the liquid state have less kinetic energy than in…

Kinetic Theory

is an explanation of how particles in matter behave

Three assumptions for the Kinetic Theory

1. all matter is composed of small particles... 2. the particles…

Properties of Gases

Variables used to Measure Gases

Boyle's Law (Pressure and Volume)

Gay Lussac's Law (Pressure and Temperat…

expand to fill the volume of the container, compressible, take…

Temperature (T), Volume (V), Amount (n) , Pressure (P)

P1V1=P2V2 (The volume of a gas is inversely proportional to it…

P1/T1=P2/T2 (As the temperature of an enclosed has increases,…

Properties of Gases

expand to fill the volume of the container, compressible, take…

Variables used to Measure Gases

Temperature (T), Volume (V), Amount (n) , Pressure (P)

gases

compressibility

kinetic theory

motion of particles

are easily compressed and squeezed into a smaller volume ... are…

a measure of how much the volume of matter decreases under pre…

explains why gases are compressed more easily than liquids or…

constant and random because there is no significant forces of…

gases

are easily compressed and squeezed into a smaller volume ... are…

compressibility

a measure of how much the volume of matter decreases under pre…

Boyle's Law

Charles's Law

Gay-Lussac's law

combined gas law

The volume of a gas at constant temperature varies inversely w…

V₁/T₁ = V₂/T₂

the pressure of a gas is directly proportional to the Kelvin t…

the relationship between the pressure, volume, and temperature…

Boyle's Law

The volume of a gas at constant temperature varies inversely w…

Charles's Law

V₁/T₁ = V₂/T₂

Atmospheric pressure

Barometer

Boyle's law

Archimedes' principle (for air)

the pressure exerted against the bodies immersed in the atmosp…

any device that measures atmospheric pressure

the product of pressure and volume is a constant for a given m…

an object in the air is buoyed up with a force equal to the we…

Atmospheric pressure

the pressure exerted against the bodies immersed in the atmosp…

Barometer

any device that measures atmospheric pressure

Gases have no definite ________ or ____…

Gases have high ____________ value, whi…

Kinetic Theory

1 assumption of KMTOG....

Volume or shape..... container

kinetic energy, the energy of motion

All matter consists of tiny particles that are in constant mot…

1) the particles in a gas are small, hard spheres with an insi…

Gases have no definite ________ or ____…

Volume or shape..... container

Gases have high ____________ value, whi…

kinetic energy, the energy of motion

Compressibility

Boyle's Law

Charle's Law

Gay-Lussac's law

The measure of how much a volume of matter can decrease under…

For a given mass of gas at a constant temperature, the volume…

The volume of a fixed mass of gas is directly proportional to…

The pressure of gas is directly proportional to the Kelvin tem…

Compressibility

The measure of how much a volume of matter can decrease under…

Boyle's Law

For a given mass of gas at a constant temperature, the volume…

Avogadro's Principle

Boyle's Law

Charles's Law

Combined Gas Law

States that equal volumes of gases at the same temperature and…

States that the volume of a given amount of gas held at a cons…

States that the volume of a given mass of gas is directly prop…

States the relationship among pressure, volume, and temperatur…

Avogadro's Principle

States that equal volumes of gases at the same temperature and…

Boyle's Law

States that the volume of a given amount of gas held at a cons…

Boyle's law

Charles's law

Celsius to kelvin

Gay-Lussac's law

states that the volume of a given amount of gas held at a cons…

states that the volume of a given mass of gas is directly prop…

Add 273

states that the pressure of a given mass of gas varies directl…

Boyle's law

states that the volume of a given amount of gas held at a cons…

Charles's law

states that the volume of a given mass of gas is directly prop…

atmospheric pressure

barometer

Boyle's law

Archimedes' principle (for air)

the pressure exerted against bodies immersed in the atmosphere…

a device that measures atmospheric pressure

the product of pressure and volume is constant for a given mas…

an object in the air is buoyed up with a force equal to the we…

atmospheric pressure

the pressure exerted against bodies immersed in the atmosphere…

barometer

a device that measures atmospheric pressure

Kinetic Theory

Three assumptions for the Kinetic Theory

Thermal energy

Average Kinetic Energy

is an explanation of how particles in matter behave

1. all matter is composed of small particles... 2. the particles…

is the total energy of a material's particles (Kinetic + Poten…

equals how fast the particles of a substance are moving

Kinetic Theory

is an explanation of how particles in matter behave

Three assumptions for the Kinetic Theory

1. all matter is composed of small particles... 2. the particles…

Boyle's Law

Boyle's Law (formula)

Charles's Law

Charles's Law (formula)

- The volume of a gas at constant temperature varies inversely…

P1V1 = P2V2

states that for a given amount of gas at constant pressure, vo…

V1/T1 = V2/T2

Boyle's Law

- The volume of a gas at constant temperature varies inversely…

Boyle's Law (formula)

P1V1 = P2V2

Kinetic Molecular Theory

Real Gases

Characteristics of Gases

Diffusion

- particles in an ideal gas:... - have no volume... - have elastic…

- particles have their own volume... - particles are attracted to…

- gases expand to fill any container; random motion, no attrac…

- gas mixes into air

Kinetic Molecular Theory

- particles in an ideal gas:... - have no volume... - have elastic…

Real Gases

- particles have their own volume... - particles are attracted to…

Compressibility

Boyle's Law

Charles's Law

Gay-Lussac's Law

the property of being able to occupy less space.

The volume of a gas at constant temperature varies inversely w…

states that the volume of a gas increases with increasing temp…

the pressure of a gas is directly proportional to the Kelvin t…

Compressibility

the property of being able to occupy less space.

Boyle's Law

The volume of a gas at constant temperature varies inversely w…