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IPC - Chapter 14 vocab.

boiling point

heat of fusion

heat of vaporization

...

the temperature at which the pressure of the vapor of a liqui…

amount of energy required to change a substance from the soli…

the amount of energy required for a liquid at its boiling poi…

IPC - Chapter 14 vocab.

...

boiling point

the temperature at which the pressure of the vapor of a liqui…

Boyle's law

Charles's law

Gay-Lussac's law

combined gas law

states that the volume of a given amount of gas held at a con…

states that the volume of a given mass of gas is directly pro…

states that the pressure of a given mass of gas varies direct…

states that the relationship among pressure, volume, and temp…

Boyle's law

states that the volume of a given amount of gas held at a con…

Charles's law

states that the volume of a given mass of gas is directly pro…

Ideal Gas

Gas Laws

Boyle's Law

Boyle's Law equation

an imaginary gas that obeys all the assumptions of the KMT.

Explain the relationships between the pressure (P), volume (V…

The pressure and volume of a fixed sample of gas AT CONSTANT…

P1V1 = P2V2

Ideal Gas

an imaginary gas that obeys all the assumptions of the KMT.

Gas Laws

Explain the relationships between the pressure (P), volume (V…

Avogrado's Law

Liquid

Barometer

Melting

Equals volumes of gases at the same temperature and pressure…

Any form of matter that has a definite volume =, but does not…

Measures air pressure

Process of changing from a solid to a liquid by adding energy

Avogrado's Law

Equals volumes of gases at the same temperature and pressure…

Liquid

Any form of matter that has a definite volume =, but does not…

Why is gas easier to compress than a l…

Why does the pressure inside a contain…

How does the gas propellant move when…

If the volume of a container of gas is…

(d) volume of a gas's particles is small compared to the over…

(a) an increase in the number of collisions between particles…

(a) from a region of high pressure to a region of lower press…

(a) pressure will increase

Why is gas easier to compress than a l…

(d) volume of a gas's particles is small compared to the over…

Why does the pressure inside a contain…

(a) an increase in the number of collisions between particles…

gases

P1V1=P2V2

V1/T1 =V2/T2

P1/T1 =P2/T2

are measured using amount (moles)= n, ... volume (L) = V, ... tempe…

P and V are indirectly (inversely) proportional related: ... as…

vol. and temp. are directly related. ... as V goes up----- T goe…

pressure and temp. are directly related ... as P goes up---- T g…

gases

are measured using amount (moles)= n, ... volume (L) = V, ... tempe…

P1V1=P2V2

P and V are indirectly (inversely) proportional related: ... as…

Which conditions are most like an idea…

The motion of ideal gas is...?

Ideal gases have...?

The volume of an ideal gas is...?

Low pressure and high temperature

moving fast in random straight lines

elastic collisions (no energy lost/total energy of system nev…

negligible (tiny/almost none)

Which conditions are most like an idea…

Low pressure and high temperature

The motion of ideal gas is...?

moving fast in random straight lines

compressibility

Boyle's Law

Charle's Law

Gay-Lussac's Law

a measure of how much the volume of matter decreases under pr…

for a given mass of gas at constant temperature, the volume o…

the volume of a fixed mass of gas is directly proportional to…

the pressure of a gas is directly proportional to the Kelvin…

compressibility

a measure of how much the volume of matter decreases under pr…

Boyle's Law

for a given mass of gas at constant temperature, the volume o…

boiling point

heat of fusion

heat of vaporization

kinetic theory

the temperature at which the pressure of the vapor of a liqui…

amount of energy required to change a substance from the soli…

the amount of energy required for a liquid at its boiling poi…

explanation of the behavior of particles in gases; states tha…

boiling point

the temperature at which the pressure of the vapor of a liqui…

heat of fusion

amount of energy required to change a substance from the soli…

Compressibility

Boyle's Law

Charle's Law

Gay-Lussac's Law

a measure of how much the volume of matter decreases under pr…

for a given mass of gas at a constant temperature; the volume…

the volume of a fixed mass of gas is directly proportional to…

the pressure of a gas is directly proportional to the Kelvin…

Compressibility

a measure of how much the volume of matter decreases under pr…

Boyle's Law

for a given mass of gas at a constant temperature; the volume…

Ideal Gas

Gas Laws

Boyle's Law

Boyle's Law equation

an imaginary gas that obeys all the assumptions of the KMT.

Explain the relationships between the pressure (P), volume (V…

The pressure and volume of a fixed sample of gas AT CONSTANT…

P1V1 = P2V2

Ideal Gas

an imaginary gas that obeys all the assumptions of the KMT.

Gas Laws

Explain the relationships between the pressure (P), volume (V…

compressibility

diffusion

effusion

Boyle's Law

a measure of how much the volume of matter decreases under pr…

The tendency of molecules to move toward areas of lower conce…

The process that occurs when a gas escapes through a tiny hol…

For a given mass of a gas at constant temperature, the volume…

compressibility

a measure of how much the volume of matter decreases under pr…

diffusion

The tendency of molecules to move toward areas of lower conce…

What is the kinetic molecular theory?

Ideal gases

5 assumptions of the kinetic molecular…

What four variables determine the beha…

Describes ideal (not actual) gases in terms of particles that…

Imaginary gases that perfectly fit all of the assumptions of…

1. Gas particles don't attract or repel each other... 2. Gases c…

Amount of gas particles, temperature, pressure and volume. If…

What is the kinetic molecular theory?

Describes ideal (not actual) gases in terms of particles that…

Ideal gases

Imaginary gases that perfectly fit all of the assumptions of…

Ideal Gas

Gas Laws

Boyle's Law

Boyle's Law equation

an imaginary gas that obeys all the assumptions of the KMT.

Explain the relationships between the pressure (P), volume (V…

The pressure and volume of a fixed sample of gas AT CONSTANT…

P1V1 = P2V2

Ideal Gas

an imaginary gas that obeys all the assumptions of the KMT.

Gas Laws

Explain the relationships between the pressure (P), volume (V…

pressure

temperature

volume

gas

measure of the force applied over a unit area.

the property of matter which reflects the quantity of energy…

the quantity of three-dimensional space occupied by a liquid,…

fill container uniformly; particles have neither a defined vo…

pressure

measure of the force applied over a unit area.

temperature

the property of matter which reflects the quantity of energy…

mass divided by volume

Why don't ideal gases exist?

What are four variables that affect ga…

(P) in kilopascals (kPa)

density

molecules do take up space, attractive forces between molecul…

pressure, volume, temperature, amount

pressure

mass divided by volume

density

Why don't ideal gases exist?

molecules do take up space, attractive forces between molecul…

Kinetic-molecular theory

Ideal gas

Postulates of Kinetic-Molecular theory

Elastic collision

Is based on the idea that particles of matter are always in m…

Imaginary gas that perfectly fits all the assumptions of the…

I. A gas consists of very small particles, each of which has…

Is one in which there is no net loss of kinetic energy

Kinetic-molecular theory

Is based on the idea that particles of matter are always in m…

Ideal gas

Imaginary gas that perfectly fits all the assumptions of the…

Kinetic Theory

Three assumptions for the Kinetic Theory

Thermal energy

Average Kinetic Energy

is an explanation of how particles in matter behave

1. all matter is composed of small particles... 2. the particles…

is the total energy of a material's particles (Kinetic + Pote…

equals how fast the particles of a substance are moving

Kinetic Theory

is an explanation of how particles in matter behave

Three assumptions for the Kinetic Theory

1. all matter is composed of small particles... 2. the particles…

liquid

solid

plasma

increase

has a define shape--based on shape of a container

has KE energy less then energy of attraction

electrified gas containing ions and free electrons

you have a sealed container at 1 atm. then, the volume of the…

liquid

has a define shape--based on shape of a container

solid

has KE energy less then energy of attraction

Volume

Pressure

Temperature

Moles

amount of space the gas takes up

measure of the number of collisions the gas particles have wi…

a measure of the average kinetic energy of gas particles

amount of gas held in the container

Volume

amount of space the gas takes up

Pressure

measure of the number of collisions the gas particles have wi…

Kinetic Theory

Three assumptions for the Kinetic Theory

Thermal energy

Average Kinetic Energy

is an explanation of how particles in matter behave

1. all matter is composed of small particles... 2. the particles…

is the total energy of a material's particles (Kinetic + Pote…

equals how fast the particles of a substance are moving

Kinetic Theory

is an explanation of how particles in matter behave

Three assumptions for the Kinetic Theory

1. all matter is composed of small particles... 2. the particles…

Grahams's Law

partial pressure

compressibility

diffusion

the rate at which a gas will effuse is INVERSELY PROPORTIONAL…

the pressure exerted by a gas in a mixture

a measure of how much the volume of matter decreases under pr…

tendency of molecules to move to regions of lower concentration

Grahams's Law

the rate at which a gas will effuse is INVERSELY PROPORTIONAL…

partial pressure

the pressure exerted by a gas in a mixture

Avogadro's principle

Boyle's law

Charles's law

Combined gas law

States that equal volumes of gases at the same temperature an…

States that the volume of a given amount of gas held at a con…

States that the volume of a given mass of gas is directly pro…

states the relationship among pressure, volume, and temperatu…

Avogadro's principle

States that equal volumes of gases at the same temperature an…

Boyle's law

States that the volume of a given amount of gas held at a con…

Density

Pressure

Buoyant force

Archimedes' principle

Mass of a substance per unit volume. Weight density is weight…

Force per surface area where the force is normal (perpendicul…

Net upward force exerted by a fluid on a submerged or immerse…

Relationship between buoyancy and displaced fluid: An immerse…

Density

Mass of a substance per unit volume. Weight density is weight…

Pressure

Force per surface area where the force is normal (perpendicul…

Avogrado's Law

Liquid

Barometer

Melting

Equals volumes of gases at the same temperature and pressure…

Any form of matter that has a definite volume =, but does not…

Measures air pressure

Process of changing from a solid to a liquid by adding energy

Avogrado's Law

Equals volumes of gases at the same temperature and pressure…

Liquid

Any form of matter that has a definite volume =, but does not…

avogadros principle

boyles law

charles law

combined gas law

states that equal volumes of gases at the same temperature an…

states that the volume of a given amount of gas held at a con…

states that the volume of a given mass of a gas is directly p…

a single gas law combining boyles law, charles law and gay lu…

avogadros principle

states that equal volumes of gases at the same temperature an…

boyles law

states that the volume of a given amount of gas held at a con…

diatomic gas

pressure

barometer

atmospheric pressure

Any two-atom molecules that exist in the gas phase around roo…

A measure of the total amount of force divided by the surface…

An instrument used to measure pressure.

The pressure exerted by the weight of the atmosphere at a giv…

diatomic gas

Any two-atom molecules that exist in the gas phase around roo…

pressure

A measure of the total amount of force divided by the surface…

Compressibility

Why are gases easier to compress than…

What are the three factors that affect…

How are the pressure and volume of a g…

a measure of how much the volume of matter decreases under pr…

Gases are easily compressed because of the space between the…

The amount of gas, volume and temperature are factors that af…

If the temperature is constant, as the pressure of a gas incr…

Compressibility

a measure of how much the volume of matter decreases under pr…

Why are gases easier to compress than…

Gases are easily compressed because of the space between the…

What causes atmospheric pressure

Equation of atmospheric pressure

What is a barometer

Why don't barometers use water instead…

the weight of air

P(atm) = F/A... (100,000N/1m² = 22,480lbs/1m²)

device used to measure atmospheric pressure

because water is 13.6x less dense than mercury ... so if water w…

What causes atmospheric pressure

the weight of air

Equation of atmospheric pressure

P(atm) = F/A... (100,000N/1m² = 22,480lbs/1m²)

Kinetic Theory

Melting Point

Heat of Fusion

Boiling Point

is an explanation of how the particles in gases behave.

is the temperature at which a solid becomes a liquid.

is the energy required to change a substance from solid to li…

of a liquid is the temperature at which the pressure of the v…

Kinetic Theory

is an explanation of how the particles in gases behave.

Melting Point

is the temperature at which a solid becomes a liquid.

why is a gas easier to compress than a…

why does the pressure inside a contain…

how does the gas propellant move when…

if the volume of a container of gas is…

the volume of a gas's particles is small compared to the over…

there is an increase in the number of collisions between part…

from a region of high pressure to a region of lower pressure

the pressure will increase

why is a gas easier to compress than a…

the volume of a gas's particles is small compared to the over…

why does the pressure inside a contain…

there is an increase in the number of collisions between part…

boiling point

heat of fusion

heat of vaporization

kinetic theory

the name for the temperature at which liquid changes to a gas

the amount of energy required to change a substance from a so…

the amount of energy required for a liquid to become a gas at…

the explanation of the behavior of particles that collide wit…

boiling point

the name for the temperature at which liquid changes to a gas

heat of fusion

the amount of energy required to change a substance from a so…

Atmospheric pressure decreases with in…

What is the mass of a cubic meter of a…

How does the pressure at the bottom of…

How does the weight of mercury in a ba…

B) altitude

B) 1.25 kg

A) The pressures are equal.

B) They are equal.

Atmospheric pressure decreases with in…

B) altitude

What is the mass of a cubic meter of a…

B) 1.25 kg

plasma

Boyle's Law

Charles's Law

Gay-Lussac's Law

matter with enough energy to overcome the attractive forces w…

The relationship between the pressure and volume of a gas at…

the law that states that for a fixed amount of gas at constan…

the law that states that for a gas at constant volume, as the…

plasma

matter with enough energy to overcome the attractive forces w…

Boyle's Law

The relationship between the pressure and volume of a gas at…

Kinetic Theory

Melting Point

Heat of Fusion

Boiling Point

is an explanation of how particles in gases behave

is the temperature at which a solid becomes a liquid

is the energy required to change a substance from solid to li…

is the temperature at which the pressure of the vapor in the…

Kinetic Theory

is an explanation of how particles in gases behave

Melting Point

is the temperature at which a solid becomes a liquid

Gas

Solid

Gas

Liquid

This state of matter has the most kinetic energy.

This state of matter has the least kinetic energy.

This state of matter fills whichever container is it in.

Particles in this state of matter slide past each other and t…

Gas

This state of matter has the most kinetic energy.

Solid

This state of matter has the least kinetic energy.

Compressibility

Boyle's law

Charles' law

Gay-Lussac's law

a measure of how much the volume of matter decreases under pr…

a law that states that for a given mass of gas at constant te…

a law which states that the volume of a fixed mass of gas is…

a law which states that the pressure of a gas is directly pro…

Compressibility

a measure of how much the volume of matter decreases under pr…

Boyle's law

a law that states that for a given mass of gas at constant te…

avogadros principle

boyles law

charles law

combined gas law

states that equal volumes of gases at the same temperature an…

states that the volume of a given amount of gas held at a con…

states that the volume of a given mass of a gas is directly p…

a single gas law combining boyles law, charles law and gay lu…

avogadros principle

states that equal volumes of gases at the same temperature an…

boyles law

states that the volume of a given amount of gas held at a con…

compressibilty

Boyle's Law (Definition)

Boyle's Law (Equation)

Charles' Law (Definition)

a measure of how much the volume of matter decrases under pre…

at constant temperature and amount of gas, pressure and volum…

P₁V₁=P₂V₂

at constant pressure and amount of gas, temperature is direct…

compressibilty

a measure of how much the volume of matter decrases under pre…

Boyle's Law (Definition)

at constant temperature and amount of gas, pressure and volum…

Boyle's Law (Definition)

Boyle's Law (Equation)

Charles' Law (Definition)

Charles' Law (Equation)

at constant temperature and amount of gas, pressure and volum…

P₁V₁=P₂V₂

at constant pressure and amount of gas, temperature is direct…

V₁/T₁=V₂/T₂

Boyle's Law (Definition)

at constant temperature and amount of gas, pressure and volum…

Boyle's Law (Equation)

P₁V₁=P₂V₂

Boyle's Law

Charles's Law

Gay-Lussac's Law

Combined Gas Law

States that the volume of a given amount of gas held at a con…

States that the volume of a given mass of gas is directly pro…

States that the pressure of a given mass of gas varies direct…

A single law combining Boyle's, Charles's, and Gay-Lussac's l…

Boyle's Law

States that the volume of a given amount of gas held at a con…

Charles's Law

States that the volume of a given mass of gas is directly pro…

Atmospheric Pressure

atmosphere

barometer

The maximum height to which water can…

Pressure exerted against bodies immersed in the atmosphere re…

- ocean of air... - exerts pressure

a device used to measure atmospheric pressure... - consists of a…

10.3 m... - at sea level the water could not be pushed up by t…

Atmospheric Pressure

Pressure exerted against bodies immersed in the atmosphere re…

atmosphere

- ocean of air... - exerts pressure

Pressure

force

units of pressure

1Psi

is defined as Force per unit area.... pressure= force/area or P=…

= pressure x area or F = PA

= pascal; 1 pa= 1N/m2... In the US, we use pounds per square inc…

= 1 pound /in2; this means that there is a force of one pound…

Pressure

is defined as Force per unit area.... pressure= force/area or P=…

force

= pressure x area or F = PA

compressibility

Boyle's law

kilopascals

piston

a measure of how much the volume of matter decreases under pr…

the pressure of a gas is inversely proportional to its volume…

the SI unit of pressure

used to compress a gas in a cylinder

compressibility

a measure of how much the volume of matter decreases under pr…

Boyle's law

the pressure of a gas is inversely proportional to its volume…

pressure

temperature

volume

gas

measure of the force applied over a unit area.

the property of matter which reflects the quantity of energy…

the quantity of three-dimensional space occupied by a liquid,…

fill container uniformly; particles have neither a defined vo…

pressure

measure of the force applied over a unit area.

temperature

the property of matter which reflects the quantity of energy…

V/Q

FiO2

Spo2

PaO2

Ventilation/ profusion. The ratio between the air and blood r…

Fractional concentration of inspired oxygen. (The oxygen % yo…

Oxygen saturation as measured by pulse oximetry (how much oxy…

Partial pressure of oxygen arterial

V/Q

Ventilation/ profusion. The ratio between the air and blood r…

FiO2

Fractional concentration of inspired oxygen. (The oxygen % yo…

moles

volume

temperature

pressure

(n) the amount of gas

(V) the size of the container that holds the gas in liters

(T) the speed or kinetic energy of the particles in kelvin

(P) the outward push of gas particles on their container in a…

moles

(n) the amount of gas

volume

(V) the size of the container that holds the gas in liters