# Study sets matching "gases chapter 14"

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Universal Gas Constant

Boyle's Law

Charles' Law

Gay-Lussac's Law

R; conversion factor used in the Ideal Gas Law; depends on the…

P1V1 = P2V2; pressure and volume are inversely related when te…

V1/T1 = V2/T2; volume and temperature are directly related whe…

P1/T1 = P2/T2; pressure and temperature are directly related w…

Universal Gas Constant

R; conversion factor used in the Ideal Gas Law; depends on the…

Boyle's Law

P1V1 = P2V2; pressure and volume are inversely related when te…

why is a gas easier to compress than a…

why does the pressure inside a containe…

how does the gas propellant move when a…

if the volume of a container of gas is…

the volume of a gas's particles is small compared to the overa…

there is an increase in the number of collisions between parti…

from a region of high pressure to a region of lower pressure

the pressure will increase

why is a gas easier to compress than a…

the volume of a gas's particles is small compared to the overa…

why does the pressure inside a containe…

there is an increase in the number of collisions between parti…

Avogrado's Law

Liquid

Barometer

Melting

Equals volumes of gases at the same temperature and pressure c…

Any form of matter that has a definite volume =, but does not…

Measures air pressure

Process of changing from a solid to a liquid by adding energy

Avogrado's Law

Equals volumes of gases at the same temperature and pressure c…

Liquid

Any form of matter that has a definite volume =, but does not…

Atmospheric pressure decreases with inc…

What is the mass of a cubic meter of ai…

How does the pressure at the bottom of…

How does the weight of mercury in a bar…

B) altitude

B) 1.25 kg

A) The pressures are equal.

B) They are equal.

Atmospheric pressure decreases with inc…

B) altitude

What is the mass of a cubic meter of ai…

B) 1.25 kg

Why is gas easier to compress than a li…

Why does the pressure inside a containe…

How does the gas propellant move when a…

If the volume of a container of gas is…

(d) volume of a gas's particles is small compared to the overa…

(a) an increase in the number of collisions between particles…

(a) from a region of high pressure to a region of lower pressu…

(a) pressure will increase

Why is gas easier to compress than a li…

(d) volume of a gas's particles is small compared to the overa…

Why does the pressure inside a containe…

(a) an increase in the number of collisions between particles…

Freezing

Melting

Sublimation

Deposition

It occurs when a liquid changes to a solid.

It occurs when a solid changes directly to a liquid.

It occurs when a solid changes directly to a gas. Energy gaine…

It occurs when a gas changes directly to a solid. Energy lost.

Freezing

It occurs when a liquid changes to a solid.

Melting

It occurs when a solid changes directly to a liquid.

compressibility

Boyle's Law

Charle's Law

Gay-Lussac's Law

a measure of how much the volume of matter decreases under pre…

for a given mass of gas at constant temperature, the volume of…

the volume of a fixed mass of gas is directly proportional to…

the pressure of a gas is directly proportional to the Kelvin t…

compressibility

a measure of how much the volume of matter decreases under pre…

Boyle's Law

for a given mass of gas at constant temperature, the volume of…

two types of energy

Kinetic energy (KE)

Potential energy (PE)

four properties of gases that help desc…

kinetic energy ... potential energy

energy of an object due to its motion

energy of an object due to its position (stored energy)

pressure, temperature, volume, moles

two types of energy

kinetic energy ... potential energy

Kinetic energy (KE)

energy of an object due to its motion

properties of gases

kinetic molecular theory

pressure equation

STP

particles are far apart, have no definitive shape/volume, easi…

particles moving in fast velocities until collision

force/area

1 atm, 101.3 kPa, 760 mmHg, 0 C, 273 K

properties of gases

particles are far apart, have no definitive shape/volume, easi…

kinetic molecular theory

particles moving in fast velocities until collision

compressibility

Why are gases easily compressed?

The amount of _______________, ________…

How does adding gas to a container incr…

measure of how much the volume of matter decreases under press…

because of the space between the particles in a gas

gas, volume, temperature

By adding gas, you increase the number of particles. Increasin…

compressibility

measure of how much the volume of matter decreases under press…

Why are gases easily compressed?

because of the space between the particles in a gas

boiling point

heat of fusion

heat of vaporization

kinetic theory

the temperature at which the pressure of the vapor of a liquid…

amount of energy required to change a substance from the solid…

the amount of energy required for a liquid at its boiling poin…

explanation of the behavior of particles in gases; states that…

boiling point

the temperature at which the pressure of the vapor of a liquid…

heat of fusion

amount of energy required to change a substance from the solid…

Boyle's Law

Kinetic Theory

Charles law

Absolute zero

States that the volume of a guveb amount of gas held at a cons…

1. Gas particles do not attract or repel each other ... 2. Gas pa…

States that the volume of a given mass of a gas is directly pr…

-273.15 or 0 (lowest possible theoretical temperature)

Boyle's Law

States that the volume of a guveb amount of gas held at a cons…

Kinetic Theory

1. Gas particles do not attract or repel each other ... 2. Gas pa…

The Gas Laws

Boyle Law

Charles' Law

Gay - Lussac's Law

Gases do not attract or repel ... Gas particles are in constant m…

For a given mass of gas at constant temp. , the vol. of the ga…

Increase in temp - vol. increase... Decrease in temp. - vol. decr…

Temp of gas increase, pressure increase ... Temp. of gas decrease…

The Gas Laws

Gases do not attract or repel ... Gas particles are in constant m…

Boyle Law

For a given mass of gas at constant temp. , the vol. of the ga…

Gases have no definite ________ or ____…

Gases have high ____________ value, whi…

Kinetic Theory

1 assumption of KMTOG....

Volume or shape..... container

kinetic energy, the energy of motion

All matter consists of tiny particles that are in constant mot…

1) the particles in a gas are small, hard spheres with an insi…

Gases have no definite ________ or ____…

Volume or shape..... container

Gases have high ____________ value, whi…

kinetic energy, the energy of motion

Kinetic-molecular theory

Ideal gas

Postulates of Kinetic-Molecular theory

Elastic collision

Is based on the idea that particles of matter are always in mo…

Imaginary gas that perfectly fits all the assumptions of the k…

I. A gas consists of very small particles, each of which has a…

Is one in which there is no net loss of kinetic energy

Kinetic-molecular theory

Is based on the idea that particles of matter are always in mo…

Ideal gas

Imaginary gas that perfectly fits all the assumptions of the k…

Properties of Gases

Variables used to Measure Gases

Boyle's Law (Pressure and Volume)

Gay Lussac's Law (Pressure and Temperat…

expand to fill the volume of the container, compressible, take…

Temperature (T), Volume (V), Amount (n) , Pressure (P)

P1V1=P2V2 (The volume of a gas is inversely proportional to it…

P1/T1=P2/T2 (As the temperature of an enclosed has increases,…

Properties of Gases

expand to fill the volume of the container, compressible, take…

Variables used to Measure Gases

Temperature (T), Volume (V), Amount (n) , Pressure (P)

Boyle's Law

Charles's Law

Gay-Lussac's Law

Combined gas law

the volume of a gas at a constant temp varies inversely with p…

the volume of a gas at a constant pressure varies directly wit…

the pressure of a fixed volume of gas varies directly with Kel…

combines boyle's, charles's, and gay-lussac's laws into one eq…

Boyle's Law

the volume of a gas at a constant temp varies inversely with p…

Charles's Law

the volume of a gas at a constant pressure varies directly wit…

Avogadro's Principle

Boyle's Law

Charles's Law

Combined Gas Law

States that equal volumes of gases at the same temperature and…

States that the volume of a given amount of gas held at a cons…

States that the volume of a given mass of gas is directly prop…

States the relationship among pressure, volume, and temperatur…

Avogadro's Principle

States that equal volumes of gases at the same temperature and…

Boyle's Law

States that the volume of a given amount of gas held at a cons…

Major difference between gases and liqu…

Atmospheric pressure is . . .

Volume of air equation

Pressure is ____________ to density

Gases can compress; liquids cannot

10^5 N/m^2 or 100 kPa

Area x Height

proportional

Major difference between gases and liqu…

Gases can compress; liquids cannot

Atmospheric pressure is . . .

10^5 N/m^2 or 100 kPa

atmospheric pressure

barometer

Boyle's Law

Archimedes' Principle

the pressure exerted against bodies immersed in the atmosphere…

a device that measures atmospheric pressure

the product of pressure and volume is a constant for a given m…

an object in the air is buoyed up with a force equal to the we…

atmospheric pressure

the pressure exerted against bodies immersed in the atmosphere…

barometer

a device that measures atmospheric pressure

Compressibility

Boyle's Law

Charle's Law

Gay-Lussac's law

The measure of how much a volume of matter can decrease under…

For a given mass of gas at a constant temperature, the volume…

The volume of a fixed mass of gas is directly proportional to…

The pressure of gas is directly proportional to the Kelvin tem…

Compressibility

The measure of how much a volume of matter can decrease under…

Boyle's Law

For a given mass of gas at a constant temperature, the volume…

boiling point

heat of fusion

heat of vaporization

kinetic theory

the temperature at which the pressure of the vapor of a liquid…

amount of energy required to change a substance from the solid…

the amount of energy required for a liquid at its boiling poin…

explanation of the behavior of particles in gases; states that…

boiling point

the temperature at which the pressure of the vapor of a liquid…

heat of fusion

amount of energy required to change a substance from the solid…

avogadros principle

boyles law

charles law

combined gas law

states that equal volumes of gases at the same temperature and…

states that the volume of a given amount of gas held at a cons…

states that the volume of a given mass of a gas is directly pr…

a single gas law combining boyles law, charles law and gay lus…

avogadros principle

states that equal volumes of gases at the same temperature and…

boyles law

states that the volume of a given amount of gas held at a cons…