#### Study sets matching "gases chapter 14"

#### Study sets matching "gases chapter 14"

Boyle's law

Charles's law

Gay-Lussac's law

combined gas law

states that the volume of a given amount of gas held at a con…

states that the volume of a given mass of gas is directly pro…

states that the pressure of a given mass of gas varies direct…

states that the relationship among pressure, volume, and temp…

Boyle's law

states that the volume of a given amount of gas held at a con…

Charles's law

states that the volume of a given mass of gas is directly pro…

Avogrado's Law

Liquid

Barometer

Melting

Equals volumes of gases at the same temperature and pressure…

Any form of matter that has a definite volume =, but does not…

Measures air pressure

Process of changing from a solid to a liquid by adding energy

Avogrado's Law

Equals volumes of gases at the same temperature and pressure…

Liquid

Any form of matter that has a definite volume =, but does not…

Which conditions are most like an idea…

The motion of ideal gas is...?

Ideal gases have...?

The volume of an ideal gas is...?

Low pressure and high temperature

moving fast in random straight lines

elastic collisions (no energy lost/total energy of system nev…

negligible (tiny/almost none)

Which conditions are most like an idea…

Low pressure and high temperature

The motion of ideal gas is...?

moving fast in random straight lines

Why is gas easier to compress than a l…

Why does the pressure inside a contain…

How does the gas propellant move when…

If the volume of a container of gas is…

(d) volume of a gas's particles is small compared to the over…

(a) an increase in the number of collisions between particles…

(a) from a region of high pressure to a region of lower press…

(a) pressure will increase

Why is gas easier to compress than a l…

(d) volume of a gas's particles is small compared to the over…

Why does the pressure inside a contain…

(a) an increase in the number of collisions between particles…

Ideal Gas

Gas Laws

Boyle's Law

Boyle's Law equation

an imaginary gas that obeys all the assumptions of the KMT.

Explain the relationships between the pressure (P), volume (V…

The pressure and volume of a fixed sample of gas AT CONSTANT…

P1V1 = P2V2

Ideal Gas

an imaginary gas that obeys all the assumptions of the KMT.

Gas Laws

Explain the relationships between the pressure (P), volume (V…

gases

P1V1=P2V2

V1/T1 =V2/T2

P1/T1 =P2/T2

are measured using amount (moles)= n, ... volume (L) = V, ... tempe…

P and V are indirectly (inversely) proportional related: ... as…

vol. and temp. are directly related. ... as V goes up----- T goe…

pressure and temp. are directly related ... as P goes up---- T g…

gases

are measured using amount (moles)= n, ... volume (L) = V, ... tempe…

P1V1=P2V2

P and V are indirectly (inversely) proportional related: ... as…

compressibility

Boyle's Law

Charle's Law

Gay-Lussac's Law

a measure of how much the volume of matter decreases under pr…

for a given mass of gas at constant temperature, the volume o…

the volume of a fixed mass of gas is directly proportional to…

the pressure of a gas is directly proportional to the Kelvin…

compressibility

a measure of how much the volume of matter decreases under pr…

Boyle's Law

for a given mass of gas at constant temperature, the volume o…

pressure

temperature

volume

gas

measure of the force applied over a unit area.

the property of matter which reflects the quantity of energy…

the quantity of three-dimensional space occupied by a liquid,…

fill container uniformly; particles have neither a defined vo…

pressure

measure of the force applied over a unit area.

temperature

the property of matter which reflects the quantity of energy…

IPC - Chapter 14 vocab.

boiling point

heat of fusion

heat of vaporization

...

the temperature at which the pressure of the vapor of a liqui…

amount of energy required to change a substance from the soli…

the amount of energy required for a liquid at its boiling poi…

IPC - Chapter 14 vocab.

...

boiling point

the temperature at which the pressure of the vapor of a liqui…

Compressibility

Boyle's Law

Charle's Law

Gay-Lussac's law

The measure of how much a volume of matter can decrease under…

For a given mass of gas at a constant temperature, the volume…

The volume of a fixed mass of gas is directly proportional to…

The pressure of gas is directly proportional to the Kelvin te…

Compressibility

The measure of how much a volume of matter can decrease under…

Boyle's Law

For a given mass of gas at a constant temperature, the volume…

Boyle's Law

Charle's Law

Gay-Lussac's Law

Combined Gas Law

states that the volume of a given amount of gas held at a con…

states that the volume of a given mass of gas is directly pro…

states that the pressure of a given mass of gas varies direct…

states the relationship among pressure, volume, and temperatu…

Boyle's Law

states that the volume of a given amount of gas held at a con…

Charle's Law

states that the volume of a given mass of gas is directly pro…

Boyle's Law

Charles's Law

Gay-Lussac's Law

Combined gas law

the volume of a gas at a constant temp varies inversely with…

the volume of a gas at a constant pressure varies directly wi…

the pressure of a fixed volume of gas varies directly with Ke…

combines boyle's, charles's, and gay-lussac's laws into one e…

Boyle's Law

the volume of a gas at a constant temp varies inversely with…

Charles's Law

the volume of a gas at a constant pressure varies directly wi…

The Gas Laws

Boyle Law

Charles' Law

Gay - Lussac's Law

Gases do not attract or repel ... Gas particles are in constant…

For a given mass of gas at constant temp. , the vol. of the g…

Increase in temp - vol. increase... Decrease in temp. - vol. dec…

Temp of gas increase, pressure increase ... Temp. of gas decreas…

The Gas Laws

Gases do not attract or repel ... Gas particles are in constant…

Boyle Law

For a given mass of gas at constant temp. , the vol. of the g…

boiling point

heat of fusion

heat of vaporization

kinetic theory

the temperature at which the pressure of the vapor of a liqui…

amount of energy required to change a substance from the soli…

the amount of energy required for a liquid at its boiling poi…

explanation of the behavior of particles in gases; states tha…

boiling point

the temperature at which the pressure of the vapor of a liqui…

heat of fusion

amount of energy required to change a substance from the soli…

Boyle's Law

Charles's Law

Gay Lussac's Law

Avogadro's Principle

the volume of a given amount of gas held at a constant temper…

the volume of a given mass of gas is directly proportional to…

the pressure of a given mass of a gas varies directly with th…

equal volumes of gases at the same temperature and pressure c…

Boyle's Law

the volume of a given amount of gas held at a constant temper…

Charles's Law

the volume of a given mass of gas is directly proportional to…

Compressibility

Boyle's Law

Charle's Law

Gay-Lussac's Law

a measure of how much the volume of matter decreases under pr…

for a given mass of gas at a constant temperature; the volume…

the volume of a fixed mass of gas is directly proportional to…

the pressure of a gas is directly proportional to the Kelvin…

Compressibility

a measure of how much the volume of matter decreases under pr…

Boyle's Law

for a given mass of gas at a constant temperature; the volume…

Grahams's Law

partial pressure

compressibility

diffusion

the rate at which a gas will effuse is INVERSELY PROPORTIONAL…

the pressure exerted by a gas in a mixture

a measure of how much the volume of matter decreases under pr…

tendency of molecules to move to regions of lower concentration

Grahams's Law

the rate at which a gas will effuse is INVERSELY PROPORTIONAL…

partial pressure

the pressure exerted by a gas in a mixture

Avogadro's principle

Boyle's law

Charles's law

Combined gas law

States that equal volumes of gases at the same temperature an…

States that the volume of a given amount of gas held at a con…

States that the volume of a given mass of gas is directly pro…

states the relationship among pressure, volume, and temperatu…

Avogadro's principle

States that equal volumes of gases at the same temperature an…

Boyle's law

States that the volume of a given amount of gas held at a con…

Density

Pressure

Buoyant force

Archimedes' principle

Mass of a substance per unit volume. Weight density is weight…

Force per surface area where the force is normal (perpendicul…

Net upward force exerted by a fluid on a submerged or immerse…

Relationship between buoyancy and displaced fluid: An immerse…

Density

Mass of a substance per unit volume. Weight density is weight…

Pressure

Force per surface area where the force is normal (perpendicul…

Avogrado's Law

Liquid

Barometer

Melting

Equals volumes of gases at the same temperature and pressure…

Any form of matter that has a definite volume =, but does not…

Measures air pressure

Process of changing from a solid to a liquid by adding energy

Avogrado's Law

Equals volumes of gases at the same temperature and pressure…

Liquid

Any form of matter that has a definite volume =, but does not…

Kinetic-molecular theory

Ideal gas

Postulates of Kinetic-Molecular theory

Elastic collision

Is based on the idea that particles of matter are always in m…

Imaginary gas that perfectly fits all the assumptions of the…

I. A gas consists of very small particles, each of which has…

Is one in which there is no net loss of kinetic energy

Kinetic-molecular theory

Is based on the idea that particles of matter are always in m…

Ideal gas

Imaginary gas that perfectly fits all the assumptions of the…

Ideal Gas

Gas Laws

Boyle's Law

Boyle's Law equation

an imaginary gas that obeys all the assumptions of the KMT.

Explain the relationships between the pressure (P), volume (V…

The pressure and volume of a fixed sample of gas AT CONSTANT…

P1V1 = P2V2

Ideal Gas

an imaginary gas that obeys all the assumptions of the KMT.

Gas Laws

Explain the relationships between the pressure (P), volume (V…

Freezing

Melting

Sublimation

Deposition

It occurs when a liquid changes to a solid.

It occurs when a solid changes directly to a liquid.

It occurs when a solid changes directly to a gas. Energy gain…

It occurs when a gas changes directly to a solid. Energy lost.

Freezing

It occurs when a liquid changes to a solid.

Melting

It occurs when a solid changes directly to a liquid.