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Study sets matching "gases chapter 14"

14 terms
Chapter 14 Solids, Liquids, and Gases
IPC - Chapter 14 vocab.
boiling point
heat of fusion
heat of vaporization
...
the temperature at which the pressure of the vapor of a liqui…
amount of energy required to change a substance from the soli…
the amount of energy required for a liquid at its boiling poi…
IPC - Chapter 14 vocab.
...
boiling point
the temperature at which the pressure of the vapor of a liqui…
8 terms
Chapter 14-Gases
Boyle's law
Charles's law
Gay-Lussac's law
combined gas law
states that the volume of a given amount of gas held at a con…
states that the volume of a given mass of gas is directly pro…
states that the pressure of a given mass of gas varies direct…
states that the relationship among pressure, volume, and temp…
Boyle's law
states that the volume of a given amount of gas held at a con…
Charles's law
states that the volume of a given mass of gas is directly pro…
18 terms
Chapter 14 Behavior of Gases
Ideal Gas
Gas Laws
Boyle's Law
Boyle's Law equation
an imaginary gas that obeys all the assumptions of the KMT.
Explain the relationships between the pressure (P), volume (V…
The pressure and volume of a fixed sample of gas AT CONSTANT…
P1V1 = P2V2
Ideal Gas
an imaginary gas that obeys all the assumptions of the KMT.
Gas Laws
Explain the relationships between the pressure (P), volume (V…
21 terms
Chapter 14 vocabulary; Gases
Avogrado's Law
Liquid
Barometer
Melting
Equals volumes of gases at the same temperature and pressure…
Any form of matter that has a definite volume =, but does not…
Measures air pressure
Process of changing from a solid to a liquid by adding energy
Avogrado's Law
Equals volumes of gases at the same temperature and pressure…
Liquid
Any form of matter that has a definite volume =, but does not…
31 terms
Chemistry Chapter 14 Gases
Why is gas easier to compress than a l…
Why does the pressure inside a contain…
How does the gas propellant move when…
If the volume of a container of gas is…
(d) volume of a gas's particles is small compared to the over…
(a) an increase in the number of collisions between particles…
(a) from a region of high pressure to a region of lower press…
(a) pressure will increase
Why is gas easier to compress than a l…
(d) volume of a gas's particles is small compared to the over…
Why does the pressure inside a contain…
(a) an increase in the number of collisions between particles…
12 terms
Chemistry Chapter 14 Review GASES!
gases
P1V1=P2V2
V1/T1 =V2/T2
P1/T1 =P2/T2
are measured using amount (moles)= n, ... volume (L) = V, ... tempe…
P and V are indirectly (inversely) proportional related: ... as…
vol. and temp. are directly related. ... as V goes up----- T goe…
pressure and temp. are directly related ... as P goes up---- T g…
gases
are measured using amount (moles)= n, ... volume (L) = V, ... tempe…
P1V1=P2V2
P and V are indirectly (inversely) proportional related: ... as…
34 terms
Chapter 14 - Gases
Which conditions are most like an idea…
The motion of ideal gas is...?
Ideal gases have...?
The volume of an ideal gas is...?
Low pressure and high temperature
moving fast in random straight lines
elastic collisions (no energy lost/total energy of system nev…
negligible (tiny/almost none)
Which conditions are most like an idea…
Low pressure and high temperature
The motion of ideal gas is...?
moving fast in random straight lines
12 terms
Chapter 14 - The Behavior of Gases
compressibility
Boyle's Law
Charle's Law
Gay-Lussac's Law
a measure of how much the volume of matter decreases under pr…
for a given mass of gas at constant temperature, the volume o…
the volume of a fixed mass of gas is directly proportional to…
the pressure of a gas is directly proportional to the Kelvin…
compressibility
a measure of how much the volume of matter decreases under pr…
Boyle's Law
for a given mass of gas at constant temperature, the volume o…
13 terms
Chapter 14: Solids, Liquids, and Gases
boiling point
heat of fusion
heat of vaporization
kinetic theory
the temperature at which the pressure of the vapor of a liqui…
amount of energy required to change a substance from the soli…
the amount of energy required for a liquid at its boiling poi…
explanation of the behavior of particles in gases; states tha…
boiling point
the temperature at which the pressure of the vapor of a liqui…
heat of fusion
amount of energy required to change a substance from the soli…
8 terms
Chapter 14- The Behavior of Gases
Compressibility
Boyle's Law
Charle's Law
Gay-Lussac's Law
a measure of how much the volume of matter decreases under pr…
for a given mass of gas at a constant temperature; the volume…
the volume of a fixed mass of gas is directly proportional to…
the pressure of a gas is directly proportional to the Kelvin…
Compressibility
a measure of how much the volume of matter decreases under pr…
Boyle's Law
for a given mass of gas at a constant temperature; the volume…
18 terms
Chapter 14 Behavior of Gases
Ideal Gas
Gas Laws
Boyle's Law
Boyle's Law equation
an imaginary gas that obeys all the assumptions of the KMT.
Explain the relationships between the pressure (P), volume (V…
The pressure and volume of a fixed sample of gas AT CONSTANT…
P1V1 = P2V2
Ideal Gas
an imaginary gas that obeys all the assumptions of the KMT.
Gas Laws
Explain the relationships between the pressure (P), volume (V…
13 terms
Chapter 14: Behavior of Gases
compressibility
diffusion
effusion
Boyle's Law
a measure of how much the volume of matter decreases under pr…
The tendency of molecules to move toward areas of lower conce…
The process that occurs when a gas escapes through a tiny hol…
For a given mass of a gas at constant temperature, the volume…
compressibility
a measure of how much the volume of matter decreases under pr…
diffusion
The tendency of molecules to move toward areas of lower conce…
22 terms
Chemistry Chapter 14: Gases
What is the kinetic molecular theory?
Ideal gases
5 assumptions of the kinetic molecular…
What four variables determine the beha…
Describes ideal (not actual) gases in terms of particles that…
Imaginary gases that perfectly fit all of the assumptions of…
1. Gas particles don't attract or repel each other... 2. Gases c…
Amount of gas particles, temperature, pressure and volume. If…
What is the kinetic molecular theory?
Describes ideal (not actual) gases in terms of particles that…
Ideal gases
Imaginary gases that perfectly fit all of the assumptions of…
18 terms
Chapter 14 Behavior of Gases
Ideal Gas
Gas Laws
Boyle's Law
Boyle's Law equation
an imaginary gas that obeys all the assumptions of the KMT.
Explain the relationships between the pressure (P), volume (V…
The pressure and volume of a fixed sample of gas AT CONSTANT…
P1V1 = P2V2
Ideal Gas
an imaginary gas that obeys all the assumptions of the KMT.
Gas Laws
Explain the relationships between the pressure (P), volume (V…
28 terms
Chemistry Chapter 14 Gases
pressure
temperature
volume
gas
measure of the force applied over a unit area.
the property of matter which reflects the quantity of energy…
the quantity of three-dimensional space occupied by a liquid,…
fill container uniformly; particles have neither a defined vo…
pressure
measure of the force applied over a unit area.
temperature
the property of matter which reflects the quantity of energy…
12 terms
Chapter 14 Gases
Boyles Law
Charles Law
Gay Lussac's Law
Combined Gas Law
P1V1=P2V2
V1/T1=V2/T2 or V1T2=V2T1
P1/T1=P2/T2 or P1T2=P2T1
P1V1/T1=P2V2/T2
Boyles Law
P1V1=P2V2
Charles Law
V1/T1=V2/T2 or V1T2=V2T1
53 terms
Chemistry Chapter 14 The Behavior of Gases
mass divided by volume
Why don't ideal gases exist?
What are four variables that affect ga…
(P) in kilopascals (kPa)
density
molecules do take up space, attractive forces between molecul…
pressure, volume, temperature, amount
pressure
mass divided by volume
density
Why don't ideal gases exist?
molecules do take up space, attractive forces between molecul…
22 terms
Chapter 14 Gases
Kinetic-molecular theory
Ideal gas
Postulates of Kinetic-Molecular theory
Elastic collision
Is based on the idea that particles of matter are always in m…
Imaginary gas that perfectly fits all the assumptions of the…
I. A gas consists of very small particles, each of which has…
Is one in which there is no net loss of kinetic energy
Kinetic-molecular theory
Is based on the idea that particles of matter are always in m…
Ideal gas
Imaginary gas that perfectly fits all the assumptions of the…
29 terms
Chapter 14 - Solids, Liquids, Gases (Forbes)
Kinetic Theory
Three assumptions for the Kinetic Theory
Thermal energy
Average Kinetic Energy
is an explanation of how particles in matter behave
1. all matter is composed of small particles... 2. the particles…
is the total energy of a material's particles (Kinetic + Pote…
equals how fast the particles of a substance are moving
Kinetic Theory
is an explanation of how particles in matter behave
Three assumptions for the Kinetic Theory
1. all matter is composed of small particles... 2. the particles…
20 terms
Chapter 14: Gases
liquid
solid
plasma
increase
has a define shape--based on shape of a container
has KE energy less then energy of attraction
electrified gas containing ions and free electrons
you have a sealed container at 1 atm. then, the volume of the…
liquid
has a define shape--based on shape of a container
solid
has KE energy less then energy of attraction
19 terms
Chapter 14: Gases
Volume
Pressure
Temperature
Moles
amount of space the gas takes up
measure of the number of collisions the gas particles have wi…
a measure of the average kinetic energy of gas particles
amount of gas held in the container
Volume
amount of space the gas takes up
Pressure
measure of the number of collisions the gas particles have wi…
25 terms
Chapter 14 Gases
Elastic Collisions
Boyle's Law Equation
Charles' Law Equation
Gay-Lussac's Law Equation
Gas molecules bounce off the walls of container.
P1V1=P2V2
V1/T1 = V2/T2
P1/T1=P2/T2
Elastic Collisions
Gas molecules bounce off the walls of container.
Boyle's Law Equation
P1V1=P2V2
29 terms
Chapter 14 - Solids, Liquids, Gases (Durden)
Kinetic Theory
Three assumptions for the Kinetic Theory
Thermal energy
Average Kinetic Energy
is an explanation of how particles in matter behave
1. all matter is composed of small particles... 2. the particles…
is the total energy of a material's particles (Kinetic + Pote…
equals how fast the particles of a substance are moving
Kinetic Theory
is an explanation of how particles in matter behave
Three assumptions for the Kinetic Theory
1. all matter is composed of small particles... 2. the particles…
13 terms
chapter 14 gases
Grahams's Law
partial pressure
compressibility
diffusion
the rate at which a gas will effuse is INVERSELY PROPORTIONAL…
the pressure exerted by a gas in a mixture
a measure of how much the volume of matter decreases under pr…
tendency of molecules to move to regions of lower concentration
Grahams's Law
the rate at which a gas will effuse is INVERSELY PROPORTIONAL…
partial pressure
the pressure exerted by a gas in a mixture
8 terms
Chapter 14; Gases
Avogadro's principle
Boyle's law
Charles's law
Combined gas law
States that equal volumes of gases at the same temperature an…
States that the volume of a given amount of gas held at a con…
States that the volume of a given mass of gas is directly pro…
states the relationship among pressure, volume, and temperatu…
Avogadro's principle
States that equal volumes of gases at the same temperature an…
Boyle's law
States that the volume of a given amount of gas held at a con…
9 terms
Chapter 14 Terms- Gases
Density
Pressure
Buoyant force
Archimedes' principle
Mass of a substance per unit volume. Weight density is weight…
Force per surface area where the force is normal (perpendicul…
Net upward force exerted by a fluid on a submerged or immerse…
Relationship between buoyancy and displaced fluid: An immerse…
Density
Mass of a substance per unit volume. Weight density is weight…
Pressure
Force per surface area where the force is normal (perpendicul…
21 terms
Chapter 14 vocabulary; Gases
Avogrado's Law
Liquid
Barometer
Melting
Equals volumes of gases at the same temperature and pressure…
Any form of matter that has a definite volume =, but does not…
Measures air pressure
Process of changing from a solid to a liquid by adding energy
Avogrado's Law
Equals volumes of gases at the same temperature and pressure…
Liquid
Any form of matter that has a definite volume =, but does not…
8 terms
Chapter 14 - Gases
avogadros principle
boyles law
charles law
combined gas law
states that equal volumes of gases at the same temperature an…
states that the volume of a given amount of gas held at a con…
states that the volume of a given mass of a gas is directly p…
a single gas law combining boyles law, charles law and gay lu…
avogadros principle
states that equal volumes of gases at the same temperature an…
boyles law
states that the volume of a given amount of gas held at a con…
18 terms
Chapter 14 Vocabulary: The Properties of Gases
diatomic gas
pressure
barometer
atmospheric pressure
Any two-atom molecules that exist in the gas phase around roo…
A measure of the total amount of force divided by the surface…
An instrument used to measure pressure.
The pressure exerted by the weight of the atmosphere at a giv…
diatomic gas
Any two-atom molecules that exist in the gas phase around roo…
pressure
A measure of the total amount of force divided by the surface…
21 terms
Chapter 14 Gases
Compressibility
Why are gases easier to compress than…
What are the three factors that affect…
How are the pressure and volume of a g…
a measure of how much the volume of matter decreases under pr…
Gases are easily compressed because of the space between the…
The amount of gas, volume and temperature are factors that af…
If the temperature is constant, as the pressure of a gas incr…
Compressibility
a measure of how much the volume of matter decreases under pr…
Why are gases easier to compress than…
Gases are easily compressed because of the space between the…
12 terms
Chapter 14 - Gases
What causes atmospheric pressure
Equation of atmospheric pressure
What is a barometer
Why don't barometers use water instead…
the weight of air
P(atm) = F/A... (100,000N/1m² = 22,480lbs/1m²)
device used to measure atmospheric pressure
because water is 13.6x less dense than mercury ... so if water w…
What causes atmospheric pressure
the weight of air
Equation of atmospheric pressure
P(atm) = F/A... (100,000N/1m² = 22,480lbs/1m²)
11 terms
Chapter 14 Solids, Liquids, and Gases
Kinetic Theory
Melting Point
Heat of Fusion
Boiling Point
is an explanation of how the particles in gases behave.
is the temperature at which a solid becomes a liquid.
is the energy required to change a substance from solid to li…
of a liquid is the temperature at which the pressure of the v…
Kinetic Theory
is an explanation of how the particles in gases behave.
Melting Point
is the temperature at which a solid becomes a liquid.
51 terms
Chapter 14 Gases
why is a gas easier to compress than a…
why does the pressure inside a contain…
how does the gas propellant move when…
if the volume of a container of gas is…
the volume of a gas's particles is small compared to the over…
there is an increase in the number of collisions between part…
from a region of high pressure to a region of lower pressure
the pressure will increase
why is a gas easier to compress than a…
the volume of a gas's particles is small compared to the over…
why does the pressure inside a contain…
there is an increase in the number of collisions between part…
19 terms
Chapter 14 Solids, Liquids and Gases
boiling point
heat of fusion
heat of vaporization
kinetic theory
the name for the temperature at which liquid changes to a gas
the amount of energy required to change a substance from a so…
the amount of energy required for a liquid to become a gas at…
the explanation of the behavior of particles that collide wit…
boiling point
the name for the temperature at which liquid changes to a gas
heat of fusion
the amount of energy required to change a substance from a so…
37 terms
Chapter 14: Gases
Atmospheric pressure decreases with in…
What is the mass of a cubic meter of a…
How does the pressure at the bottom of…
How does the weight of mercury in a ba…
B) altitude
B) 1.25 kg
A) The pressures are equal.
B) They are equal.
Atmospheric pressure decreases with in…
B) altitude
What is the mass of a cubic meter of a…
B) 1.25 kg
11 terms
Chapter 14 - Solids, Liquids, and Gases
plasma
Boyle's Law
Charles's Law
Gay-Lussac's Law
matter with enough energy to overcome the attractive forces w…
The relationship between the pressure and volume of a gas at…
the law that states that for a fixed amount of gas at constan…
the law that states that for a gas at constant volume, as the…
plasma
matter with enough energy to overcome the attractive forces w…
Boyle's Law
The relationship between the pressure and volume of a gas at…
13 terms
Chapter 14, Solids Liquids, and Gases
Kinetic Theory
Melting Point
Heat of Fusion
Boiling Point
is an explanation of how particles in gases behave
is the temperature at which a solid becomes a liquid
is the energy required to change a substance from solid to li…
is the temperature at which the pressure of the vapor in the…
Kinetic Theory
is an explanation of how particles in gases behave
Melting Point
is the temperature at which a solid becomes a liquid
15 terms
Chapter 14 - Solids, Liquids, and Gases
Gas
Solid
Gas
Liquid
This state of matter has the most kinetic energy.
This state of matter has the least kinetic energy.
This state of matter fills whichever container is it in.
Particles in this state of matter slide past each other and t…
Gas
This state of matter has the most kinetic energy.
Solid
This state of matter has the least kinetic energy.
16 terms
Chapter 14: The Behavior of Gases Vocabulary
Compressibility
Boyle's law
Charles' law
Gay-Lussac's law
a measure of how much the volume of matter decreases under pr…
a law that states that for a given mass of gas at constant te…
a law which states that the volume of a fixed mass of gas is…
a law which states that the pressure of a gas is directly pro…
Compressibility
a measure of how much the volume of matter decreases under pr…
Boyle's law
a law that states that for a given mass of gas at constant te…
8 terms
Chapter 14 - Gases
avogadros principle
boyles law
charles law
combined gas law
states that equal volumes of gases at the same temperature an…
states that the volume of a given amount of gas held at a con…
states that the volume of a given mass of a gas is directly p…
a single gas law combining boyles law, charles law and gay lu…
avogadros principle
states that equal volumes of gases at the same temperature an…
boyles law
states that the volume of a given amount of gas held at a con…
24 terms
Chemistry Chapter 14: Gases
compressibilty
Boyle's Law (Definition)
Boyle's Law (Equation)
Charles' Law (Definition)
a measure of how much the volume of matter decrases under pre…
at constant temperature and amount of gas, pressure and volum…
P₁V₁=P₂V₂
at constant pressure and amount of gas, temperature is direct…
compressibilty
a measure of how much the volume of matter decrases under pre…
Boyle's Law (Definition)
at constant temperature and amount of gas, pressure and volum…
16 terms
Chem Chapter 14: The Behavior of Gases
Boyle's Law (Definition)
Boyle's Law (Equation)
Charles' Law (Definition)
Charles' Law (Equation)
at constant temperature and amount of gas, pressure and volum…
P₁V₁=P₂V₂
at constant pressure and amount of gas, temperature is direct…
V₁/T₁=V₂/T₂
Boyle's Law (Definition)
at constant temperature and amount of gas, pressure and volum…
Boyle's Law (Equation)
P₁V₁=P₂V₂
CHEMISTRY - Gases -Chapter 14
Boyle's Law
Charles's Law
Gay-Lussac's Law
Combined Gas Law
States that the volume of a given amount of gas held at a con…
States that the volume of a given mass of gas is directly pro…
States that the pressure of a given mass of gas varies direct…
A single law combining Boyle's, Charles's, and Gay-Lussac's l…
Boyle's Law
States that the volume of a given amount of gas held at a con…
Charles's Law
States that the volume of a given mass of gas is directly pro…
15 terms
Chapter 14: Gases
Atmospheric Pressure
atmosphere
barometer
The maximum height to which water can…
Pressure exerted against bodies immersed in the atmosphere re…
- ocean of air... - exerts pressure
a device used to measure atmospheric pressure... - consists of a…
10.3 m... - at sea level the water could not be pushed up by t…
Atmospheric Pressure
Pressure exerted against bodies immersed in the atmosphere re…
atmosphere
- ocean of air... - exerts pressure
16 terms
Chapter 14: Gases and plasma
Pressure
force
units of pressure
1Psi
is defined as Force per unit area.... pressure= force/area or P=…
= pressure x area or F = PA
= pascal; 1 pa= 1N/m2... In the US, we use pounds per square inc…
= 1 pound /in2; this means that there is a force of one pound…
Pressure
is defined as Force per unit area.... pressure= force/area or P=…
force
= pressure x area or F = PA
8 terms
Chapter 14:Gases
compressibility
Boyle's law
kilopascals
piston
a measure of how much the volume of matter decreases under pr…
the pressure of a gas is inversely proportional to its volume…
the SI unit of pressure
used to compress a gas in a cylinder
compressibility
a measure of how much the volume of matter decreases under pr…
Boyle's law
the pressure of a gas is inversely proportional to its volume…
28 terms
Chemistry Chapter 14 Gases
pressure
temperature
volume
gas
measure of the force applied over a unit area.
the property of matter which reflects the quantity of energy…
the quantity of three-dimensional space occupied by a liquid,…
fill container uniformly; particles have neither a defined vo…
pressure
measure of the force applied over a unit area.
temperature
the property of matter which reflects the quantity of energy…
14 terms
Chemistry Chapter 14: Gases
Combined Gas Law
STP
Ideal Gas Law
ideal gas constant (R)
PxV÷T = PxV÷T
0°C and 273K... 1 atm and 101.3 kPa
PV=nRT
8.31 (L x kPa)(K x mol)
Combined Gas Law
PxV÷T = PxV÷T
STP
0°C and 273K... 1 atm and 101.3 kPa
187 terms
Chapter 14 Therapeutic Gases
V/Q
FiO2
Spo2
PaO2
Ventilation/ profusion. The ratio between the air and blood r…
Fractional concentration of inspired oxygen. (The oxygen % yo…
Oxygen saturation as measured by pulse oximetry (how much oxy…
Partial pressure of oxygen arterial
V/Q
Ventilation/ profusion. The ratio between the air and blood r…
FiO2
Fractional concentration of inspired oxygen. (The oxygen % yo…
24 terms
Chemistry chapter 14- Gases
moles
volume
temperature
pressure
(n) the amount of gas
(V) the size of the container that holds the gas in liters
(T) the speed or kinetic energy of the particles in kelvin
(P) the outward push of gas particles on their container in a…
moles
(n) the amount of gas
volume
(V) the size of the container that holds the gas in liters
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