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Study sets matching "gases liquids chapter 16"

21 terms
Chapter 16 Solids, Liquids, and Gases
Solid
Plasma
Gas
Liquid
A matter that has a definite volume and a definite shape.
A gaslike mixture with no definite volume or shape that is ma…
A matter with no definite volume and no definite shape.
Matter that has a definite volume but no definite shape.
Solid
A matter that has a definite volume and a definite shape.
Plasma
A gaslike mixture with no definite volume or shape that is ma…
13 terms
Chapter 16; Solids, Liquids & Gases
element
compound
physical property
chemical property
the most basic component of the physical world, all the atoms…
substance formed from two or more elements in which the exact…
any characteristic of a material, such as size or shape, that…
any characteristic of a substance, such as flammability, that…
element
the most basic component of the physical world, all the atoms…
compound
substance formed from two or more elements in which the exact…
12 terms
Chapter 16 Solids, Liquids and Gases
kinetic theory
melting point
boiling point
heat of vaporization
an explanation of how particles in matter behave
the temperature at which a solid begins to turn into a liquid
the temperature at which the pressure of the vapor in the liq…
the amount of energy need for the liquid at its boiling point…
kinetic theory
an explanation of how particles in matter behave
melting point
the temperature at which a solid begins to turn into a liquid
16 terms
Chapter 16: Solids, Liquids, and Gases
Kinetic Theory
Melting Point
Heat of Fusion
Boiling Point
An explanation of how particles in matter behave
The temperature at which a solid begins to liquefy
Amount of energy required to change a substance from the soli…
Temperature at which the pressure of the vapor in the liquid…
Kinetic Theory
An explanation of how particles in matter behave
Melting Point
The temperature at which a solid begins to liquefy
12 terms
Chapter 16: Solids, Liquids, and Gases
Kinetic Theory
Melting Point
Heat of Fusion
Boiling Point
explanation of the behavior of molecules in matter; states th…
temperature at which a solid begins to liquefy
amount of energy required to change a substance from the soli…
the temperature at which the pressure of the vapor in the liq…
Kinetic Theory
explanation of the behavior of molecules in matter; states th…
Melting Point
temperature at which a solid begins to liquefy
Chapter 16: Solids, Liquids, and Gases
Kinetic Theory
Melting Point
Heat of Fusion
Boiling Point
Explanation of the behavior of molecules in matter; states th…
Temperature at which a solid begins to liquefy.
Amount of energy required to change a substance form the soli…
Temperature at which the pressure of the atmosphere is equal…
Kinetic Theory
Explanation of the behavior of molecules in matter; states th…
Melting Point
Temperature at which a solid begins to liquefy.
12 terms
Chapter 16: Solids, Liquids, and Gases
kinetic theory
melting point
heat of fusion
boiling point
explanation of the behavior of molecules in matter; states th…
temperature at which a solid begins to liquefy.
amount of energy required to change a substance from the soli…
the temperature at which the pressure of the vapor in the liq…
kinetic theory
explanation of the behavior of molecules in matter; states th…
melting point
temperature at which a solid begins to liquefy.
26 terms
Chapter 16 solids liquids and gases
kinetic theory of matter
plasma
crystals
Archimedes' principle
Tiny particles in motion make up all... matter. Says that matter…
gaslike mixture of charged particles, from of matter found in…
particles arranged in repeating... geometric patterns
explains the buoyant force on an object... submerged in fluid.
kinetic theory of matter
Tiny particles in motion make up all... matter. Says that matter…
plasma
gaslike mixture of charged particles, from of matter found in…
45 terms
Chapter 16 Solids, Liquids and Gases
vaporization
temperature
density
plasma
The process where a liquid becomes a gas.
The average kinetic energy or particles in a substance.
Mass per unit volume.
Matter consisting of positively and negatively charged partic…
vaporization
The process where a liquid becomes a gas.
temperature
The average kinetic energy or particles in a substance.
34 terms
Chapter 16 - Solids, Liquids, & Gases
Kinetic theory
Thermal energy
Temperature
Solid
Explanation of how particles of matter behave
Total energy of a material's particles, including kinetic and…
Average kinetic energy of particles in a substance
Type of matter in which particles are closely packed together…
Kinetic theory
Explanation of how particles of matter behave
Thermal energy
Total energy of a material's particles, including kinetic and…
15 terms
Malinn Chapter 16 Solids Liquids Gases
Kinetic Theory of Matter
States of Matter
solid
liquid
matter is made up of small particles that are in constant mot…
solid, liquid, gas, plasma
state of matter; definite size and shape; atoms tightly packe…
state of matter; definite volume but no definite shape; more…
Kinetic Theory of Matter
matter is made up of small particles that are in constant mot…
States of Matter
solid, liquid, gas, plasma
32 terms
Chapter 16 Solids, Liquids and Gases
vaporization
temperature
density
plasma
The process where a liquid becomes a gas.
The average kinetic energy or particles in a substance.
Mass per unit volume.
Matter consisting of positively and negatively charged partic…
vaporization
The process where a liquid becomes a gas.
temperature
The average kinetic energy or particles in a substance.
12 terms
Chapter 16 solid,liquids,gases
Kinetic theory
Melting point
Heat of fusion
Boiling point
explanation of the behavior of molecules in matter; states th…
temperature at which a solid begins to liquefy
Amount of energy require to change a substance from the solid…
The temperature at which the pressure of the vapor in the liq…
Kinetic theory
explanation of the behavior of molecules in matter; states th…
Melting point
temperature at which a solid begins to liquefy
12 terms
Chapter 16 Solids, Liquids, and Gases
Kinetic theory
Melting point
heat of fusion
boiling point
explanation of how particles in matter behave
point at which a solid begins to liquify
amount of energy required to change solid to liquid
temperature at which the pressure of the vapor in the liquid…
Kinetic theory
explanation of how particles in matter behave
Melting point
point at which a solid begins to liquify
8 terms
Chapter 16- Solids, liquids and gases
Kinetic Theory
Melting Point
Heat of Fusion
Boiling Point
Explanation of how particles in matter behave.
Temperature at which a solid begins to liquify
The amount of energy required to change a substance from the…
Temperature at which the pressure acting on the vapor in the…
Kinetic Theory
Explanation of how particles in matter behave.
Melting Point
Temperature at which a solid begins to liquify
21 terms
Chapter 16 - Solids, Liquids, & Gases
Kinetic Theory
Solid
Liquid
Gas
1. Matter is composed of particles ... 2. In constant motion ... 3.…
Packed tightly and constantly vibrating in place. Defined vol…
Can slide past each other. Defined volume. Takes shape of con…
Particles move freely. No defined volume. Moves freely in con…
Kinetic Theory
1. Matter is composed of particles ... 2. In constant motion ... 3.…
Solid
Packed tightly and constantly vibrating in place. Defined vol…
10 terms
chapter 16 solids liquids and gases
melting point
boiling point
diffusion
plasma
point where a solid begins to liquify
point where a liquid turns into a gas
the spreading of prattles until they can no longer spread any…
super charged gas
melting point
point where a solid begins to liquify
boiling point
point where a liquid turns into a gas
12 terms
Chapter 16 Solids, liquids, and gases
Kinetic theory
Melting point
Heat of fusion
Boiling point
An explination on how particles in matter behave
The temperature at which a solid begins to liquefy
Amount of energy required to change a substance from solid ph…
Temperature at which the pressure acting on the surface of th…
Kinetic theory
An explination on how particles in matter behave
Melting point
The temperature at which a solid begins to liquefy
24 terms
Chapter 16 Solids,Liquids,Gases
Kinetic Theroy
Thermal energy
Temperature
Solid
Explanation of how particles in matter behave
Total energy of a material particles both kinetic and potential
The average kinetic energy of the particles in the substance
Particles are closely packed together in a specific type of a…
Kinetic Theroy
Explanation of how particles in matter behave
Thermal energy
Total energy of a material particles both kinetic and potential
22 terms
Chapter 16: Solids, Liquids and Gases
Kinetic Theory
Three assumptions of the kinetic theory
Thermal Energy Characteristics
Thermal Energy
~is an explanation of how particles in matter behave
~all matter is composed of small particles; atoms, molecules,…
~atoms in solids are held tightly in place by the attraction…
~is the total energy of material's particles, including kinet…
Kinetic Theory
~is an explanation of how particles in matter behave
Three assumptions of the kinetic theory
~all matter is composed of small particles; atoms, molecules,…
16 terms
Chapter 16 Solids, Liquids, and Gases
kinetic theory
melting point
heat of fusion
boiling point
an explanation of how particles in a matter behave
the temperature at which solid begins to liquefy
the amount of energy required to change a substance from the…
temperature at which the pressure of the vapor in the liquid…
kinetic theory
an explanation of how particles in a matter behave
melting point
the temperature at which solid begins to liquefy
21 terms
Chapter 16 solids liquids and gases
kinetic theory
melting point
heat of fusion
boiling point
Explanation of the behavior of molecules in matter; states th…
temperature at which a solid begins to liquefy
amount of energy required to change a substance from the soli…
temperature at which the pressure of the atmosphere is equal…
kinetic theory
Explanation of the behavior of molecules in matter; states th…
melting point
temperature at which a solid begins to liquefy
12 terms
Chapter 16 solids liquids and gases
Kinetic theory
Melting point
Heat of fusion
Heat of vaporization
Explanation of how particles in matter behave.
Temperature at which a solid begins to liquefy.
Amount of energy required to change a substance from the soli…
Amount of energy required for the liquid at its boiling point…
Kinetic theory
Explanation of how particles in matter behave.
Melting point
Temperature at which a solid begins to liquefy.
49 terms
chapter 16: solids, liquids, and gases
1.) have a definite geometric shape an…
1.) take the shape of their container…
1.) no fixed shape or volume... 2.) parti…
1.) universal matter, a gas consisting…
solids
liquids
gases
plasma
1.) have a definite geometric shape an…
solids
1.) take the shape of their container…
liquids
12 terms
Chapter 16- Solids, Liquids, and Gases
Kinetic Theory
Melting Point
Heat of Fusion
Boiling Point
An explanation of how particles in matter bahave
The temperature at which a solid begins to liquefy
The amount of energy required to change a substance from the…
The temperature at which the pressure of the vapor in the liq…
Kinetic Theory
An explanation of how particles in matter bahave
Melting Point
The temperature at which a solid begins to liquefy
44 terms
Chapter 16 Solids, Liquids and Gases
vaporization
temperature
density
heat of vaporization
The process where a liquid becomes a gas.
The average kinetic energy or particles in a substance.
Mass per unit volume.
The amount of energy required for the liquid at its boiling p…
vaporization
The process where a liquid becomes a gas.
temperature
The average kinetic energy or particles in a substance.
12 terms
Chapter 16 Solids Liquids and Gases
Kinetic Theory
Melting Point
Heat of Fusion
Boiling Point
all matter consists of tiny particles that are in constant mo…
The temperature at which a solid becomes a liquid
Amount of energy required to change a substance from the soli…
The temperature at which a liquid changes to a gas
Kinetic Theory
all matter consists of tiny particles that are in constant mo…
Melting Point
The temperature at which a solid becomes a liquid
15 terms
Chapter 16: Solids Liquids Gases
Buoyancy
Pressure
Viscosity
Pascal
the ability of a fluid a liquid or a gas to exert an upward f…
force exerted per unit area
the resistance to flow by a fluid
the unit that pressure is measured in
Buoyancy
the ability of a fluid a liquid or a gas to exert an upward f…
Pressure
force exerted per unit area
12 terms
chapter 16 solids, liquids, and gases
kinetic theory
thermal energy
melting point
heat of fusion
is an explanation of how particles in matter behave
is the total energy of a material's particles, including kine…
the temperature at which a solid begins to liquefy
the amount of energy needed to change a substance from the so…
kinetic theory
is an explanation of how particles in matter behave
thermal energy
is the total energy of a material's particles, including kine…
12 terms
Solids, Liquids, and Gases - Chapter 16
Kinetic Energy
Melting Point
Heat of Fusion
Boiling Point
Explanation of how particles in matter behave
Temperature at which a solid begins to liquify
Amount of energy required to change a substance from the soli…
Temperature at which the pressure of the vapor in the liquid…
Kinetic Energy
Explanation of how particles in matter behave
Melting Point
Temperature at which a solid begins to liquify
Chapter 16: Solids, Gases & Liquids
Kinetic Theory
Gas State
Diffusion
Liquid State
1. All matter is made up of particles.... 2. These particles are…
Gases diffuse and fill the container completely.
the spreading of particles throughout a volume until they are…
Liquids move past each other but don't spread out.
Kinetic Theory
1. All matter is made up of particles.... 2. These particles are…
Gas State
Gases diffuse and fill the container completely.
47 terms
Solids, liquids, & gases Chapter 16
Kinetic Molecular Theory
Assumptions of kinetic theory
Solid state
Thermal energy
Explanation of how particles in matter behave
1) matter is composed of small particles: atoms, molecules, &…
Attraction between particles gives it a definite shape & volu…
Total energy of a materials particles including kinetic & pot…
Kinetic Molecular Theory
Explanation of how particles in matter behave
Assumptions of kinetic theory
1) matter is composed of small particles: atoms, molecules, &…
10 terms
Chapter 16 Solids, Liquids, and Gases
Kinetic theory
Melting point
Heat of fusion
Boiling point
Explanation of how particles in matter behave
Temperature at which a solid begins to liquefy
The amount of energy required to change a substance from the…
Temperature at which the pressure of the vapor in the liquid…
Kinetic theory
Explanation of how particles in matter behave
Melting point
Temperature at which a solid begins to liquefy
12 terms
Chapter 16 - Solids, Liquids, and Gases
Kinetic Theory
Melting Point
Heat of Fusion
Boiling Point
an explanation of how particles in matter behave
the temperature at which a solid begins to melt
the amount energy required to change a substance from the sol…
the temperature at which the pressure of the vapor in the liq…
Kinetic Theory
an explanation of how particles in matter behave
Melting Point
the temperature at which a solid begins to melt
Chapter 16 Solids, Liquids,and Gases
Absolute Zero
Plasma
Kilopascals
Hydraulics
The coldest temperature, 0f Kelvin
A gas-like state of matter consisting of a mixture of free el…
the SI unit of pressure
The use of a liquid flowing under pressure to transmit power…
Absolute Zero
The coldest temperature, 0f Kelvin
Plasma
A gas-like state of matter consisting of a mixture of free el…
19 terms
Chapter 16: Solids, Liquids, and Gases
Matter in which atoms are tightly held…
A gas-like mixture with no definite vo…
Matter that has definite volume but no…
Matter in which the particles are free…
solid
plasma
liquid
gas
Matter in which atoms are tightly held…
solid
A gas-like mixture with no definite vo…
plasma
34 terms
Chapter 16: Solids, Liquids, Gases
Kinetic Theory
Melting Point
Heat of fusion
Boiling point
explanation of the behavior of molecules in matter. It states…
Temperature at which a solid begins to liquefy
Amount of energy required to change a substance from the soli…
the temperature at which the pressure of the vapor in the liq…
Kinetic Theory
explanation of the behavior of molecules in matter. It states…
Melting Point
Temperature at which a solid begins to liquefy
33 terms
Science Chapter 16: Solids, Liquids, Gases
Kinetic Molecular Theory of Gases
Temperature
Absolute Zero
Crystals (crystalline)
[1] All matter is composed of small particles called molecule…
The average kinetic energy of the particles in a substance
0 K or -273.15 degrees C... lowest possible amount of thermal en…
atoms are arranged in repeating geometric patterns... -Lattice
Kinetic Molecular Theory of Gases
[1] All matter is composed of small particles called molecule…
Temperature
The average kinetic energy of the particles in a substance
12 terms
Chapter 16 - Solids, Liquids, and Gases
kinetic theory
melting point
heat of fusion
boiling point
an explanation of how particles in matter behave
the temperature at which a solid begins to liquefy
the amount of energy required to change a substance from the…
the temperature at which the pressure of the vapor in the liq…
kinetic theory
an explanation of how particles in matter behave
melting point
the temperature at which a solid begins to liquefy
46 terms
Chapter 16: Solids, Liquids, & Gases
How are temperature and kinetic energy…
Why do some objects sink and others fl…
What are the variables related in Boyl…
What is the property of a fluid that r…
The average kinetic energy of a substance is dependent upon t…
An object's density and weight determine whether it will floa…
Boyle's—pressure and volume; Charles's—volume and temperature.
Viscosity.
How are temperature and kinetic energy…
The average kinetic energy of a substance is dependent upon t…
Why do some objects sink and others fl…
An object's density and weight determine whether it will floa…
17 terms
Chapter 16- Solids, Liquids, and Gases
Kinetic Theory
Melting Point
Heat of Fusion
Boiling Point
An explanation of how particles in matter behave
The temperature at which a solid begins to liquefy
The amount of energy required to change a substance from the…
The temperature at which the pressure of the vapor in the liq…
Kinetic Theory
An explanation of how particles in matter behave
Melting Point
The temperature at which a solid begins to liquefy
26 terms
IACS Chapter 16 Expanded - Gases, Liquids, and Solids
Solid
Liquid
Gas
Change of state
1. Particles close together... 2. Can't be compresed... 3. Deffinit…
1. Particles fluid... 2. Can't be compresed... 3. No deffinite shap…
1. Particles fluid... 2. Can't be compresed... 3. No deffinite shap…
The change of a sunstance from one state of matter (gas, liqu…
Solid
1. Particles close together... 2. Can't be compresed... 3. Deffinit…
Liquid
1. Particles fluid... 2. Can't be compresed... 3. No deffinite shap…
12 terms
PS Chapter 16 Solids, Liquids, and Gases
kinetic theory
melting point
heat of fusion
boiling point
Explanation of the behavior of molecules in matter, states th…
Temperature at which a solid begins to liquify.
Amount of energy required to change a substance from the soli…
The temperature at which the pressure of the vapor in a liqui…
kinetic theory
Explanation of the behavior of molecules in matter, states th…
melting point
Temperature at which a solid begins to liquify.
17 terms
PS Chapter 16: Solids, Liquids, and Gases
boiling point
buoyancy
diffusion
heat of fusion
the temperature at which the pressure of the vapor in the liq…
ability of a fluid- a liquid or gas- to exert an upward force…
spreading of particles throughout a given volume until they a…
amount of energy required to change a substance from the soli…
boiling point
the temperature at which the pressure of the vapor in the liq…
buoyancy
ability of a fluid- a liquid or gas- to exert an upward force…
14 terms
Physical Science - Chapter 16: Solids, Liquids, and Gases
kinetic theory
melting point
heat of fusion
boiling point
explanation of the behavior of molecules in matter; states th…
temperature at which a solid begins to liquefy
amount of energy required to change a substance from the soli…
the temperature at which the pressure of the vapor in the liq…
kinetic theory
explanation of the behavior of molecules in matter; states th…
melting point
temperature at which a solid begins to liquefy
12 terms
Physical Science Chapter 16 "Solids, Liquids, and Gases"
boiling point
buoyancy
diffusion
heat of fusion
the temperature at which the pressure of the vapor in the liq…
ability of a fluid - a liquid or a gas - to exert an upward f…
spreading of particles throughout a given volume until they a…
amount of energy required to change a substance from the soli…
boiling point
the temperature at which the pressure of the vapor in the liq…
buoyancy
ability of a fluid - a liquid or a gas - to exert an upward f…
12 terms
Physical Science - Chapter 16 Solids, Liquids, and Gases
boiling point
buoyancy
diffusion
heat of fusion
temperature at which the pressure of the atmosphere is equal…
ability of a fluid to exert an upward force on an object imme…
spreading of particles throughout a given volume until they a…
amount of energy required to change a substance from the soli…
boiling point
temperature at which the pressure of the atmosphere is equal…
buoyancy
ability of a fluid to exert an upward force on an object imme…
24 terms
Chapter 16- Solids, Liquids, and Gases
kinetic theory
thermal energy
kinetic energy
melting point
explanation of how particles in matter behave... 1. all matter i…
-total energy of a material's particles
-vibrations and movement within and between the particles ... -r…
temperature at which a solid begins to liquefy
kinetic theory
explanation of how particles in matter behave... 1. all matter i…
thermal energy
-total energy of a material's particles
12 terms
Physical Science Chapter 16 Solids, Liquids, and Gases
kinetic theory
melting point
heat of fusion
boiling point
energy a moving object has because of its motion; depends on…
temperature at which a solid begins to liquefy.
amount of energy required to change a substance from the soli…
the temperature at which the pressure of the vapor in the liq…
kinetic theory
energy a moving object has because of its motion; depends on…
melting point
temperature at which a solid begins to liquefy.
12 terms
Chapter 16- solids, liquids, and gases vocab
Kinetic theory
Melting point
Heat of fusion
Boiling point
An explanation of how particles in matter behave
The temperature at which a solid begins to liquefy
The amount of energy required to change a substance from the…
Is the temperature at which the pressure of the vapor in the…
Kinetic theory
An explanation of how particles in matter behave
Melting point
The temperature at which a solid begins to liquefy
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