Study sets matching "gases"

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Study sets matching "gases"

5 terms
Gases
Boyle's law
Charles' law
Absolute zero
Kelvin temperature
The volume of a fixed amount of an ideal gas is inversely pro…
The volume of a fixed amount of an ideal gas is directly prop…
The temperature at which all particle vibration stops. 0 Kelv…
Temperature measured from absolute zero. Degrees K = degrees…
Boyle's law
The volume of a fixed amount of an ideal gas is inversely pro…
Charles' law
The volume of a fixed amount of an ideal gas is directly prop…
26 terms
Gases
atm
kPa
Kinetic Molecular Theory (KMT)
Low
atmosphere
kilopascals
basis of the behavior of gases
Gas has a _____ density because it's molecules are spread apa…
atm
atmosphere
kPa
kilopascals
9 terms
Gases
Pressure
Volume
Temperature
Kinetic energy
Force applied to an area
Amount of space matter takes up
A reflection on the kinetic energy of particles
The energy of motion
Pressure
Force applied to an area
Volume
Amount of space matter takes up
55 terms
Gases
expandable/compressible
Pressure
atm
kPa
Gases are easily ____________ and ______________
a force exerted per unit area of surface/ can be measured in…
atmosphere
kilopascals
expandable/compressible
Gases are easily ____________ and ______________
Pressure
a force exerted per unit area of surface/ can be measured in…
23 terms
Gases
Barometer
Manometer
mm Hg
Torr
a device for measuring atmospheric pressure
a device for measuring the pressure of a gas in a container
millimeter of mercury
another name for millimeter of mercury (mm Hg)
Barometer
a device for measuring atmospheric pressure
Manometer
a device for measuring the pressure of a gas in a container
GASES
WHAT IS COMPRESSABILITY
WHAT IS BOYLE'S LAW
WHAT IS CHARLE'S LAW
WHAT TEMPERATURE SCALE DOES CHARLE'S L…
THE ABILITY OF GAS TO COMPRESS INTO SMALLER CONTAINERS
VOLUME AND GAS ARE INVERSELY PROPORTIONAL IF THE TEMPERATURE…
THE VOLUME AND TEMPERATURE OF A GAS ARE DIRECTLY PORPORTIONAL…
KELVIN SCALE
WHAT IS COMPRESSABILITY
THE ABILITY OF GAS TO COMPRESS INTO SMALLER CONTAINERS
WHAT IS BOYLE'S LAW
VOLUME AND GAS ARE INVERSELY PROPORTIONAL IF THE TEMPERATURE…
5 terms
Gases
pressure
barometer
Boyle's law
absolute zero
the amount of force exerted per unit area of a surface
an instrument that measures atmospheric pressure
for a fixed amount of gas at a constant temperature, the volu…
the temperature at which molecular energy is at a minimum
pressure
the amount of force exerted per unit area of a surface
barometer
an instrument that measures atmospheric pressure
9 terms
Gases
Permanent gases
Variable gases
Atmosphere
UV rays\ultraviolet rays
Nitrogen, oxygen, argon,neon,helium,krypton,carbon dioxide,hy…
Water vapor,carbon dioxide, methane, ozone
Trophosphere,stratosphere,mesosphere, thermosphere, exosphere
Invisible radiation from the sun that cause sun tan, sun burn…
Permanent gases
Nitrogen, oxygen, argon,neon,helium,krypton,carbon dioxide,hy…
Variable gases
Water vapor,carbon dioxide, methane, ozone
16 terms
Gases
KMT
Real gases deviate from ideal gases un…
At what conditions can you find one mo…
Charles Law
Kinetic Molecular Theory- a model which explains the behavior…
high pressure; particles draw closer together so the volume o…
0°C, 1 atm, and 22.4 L
V₁ V₂... T₁ T₂
KMT
Kinetic Molecular Theory- a model which explains the behavior…
Real gases deviate from ideal gases un…
high pressure; particles draw closer together so the volume o…
9 terms
Gases
pressure
newton
barometer
pascal
the amount of force exerted per unit area of a surface
the SI unit for force
an instrument that measures atmospheric pressure
the SI unit of pressure
pressure
the amount of force exerted per unit area of a surface
newton
the SI unit for force
8 terms
Gases
Kinetic Molecular Theory
Boyle's Law
Charles's Law
Gay-Lussac's Law
The theory that all matter is composed of particles (atoms an…
The relationship between the pressure and volume of a gas at…
The law that states that for a fixed amount of gas at constan…
The pressure of a gas is directly proportional to the Kelvin…
Kinetic Molecular Theory
The theory that all matter is composed of particles (atoms an…
Boyle's Law
The relationship between the pressure and volume of a gas at…
51 terms
Gases
Vapors
Highly compressible, full volume
When a gas is subjected to pressure,
Homogeneous mixtures
another name for gases
gases are _ and occupy the _ of their containers
its volume decreases
gases always form _ with other gases
Vapors
another name for gases
Highly compressible, full volume
gases are _ and occupy the _ of their containers
8 terms
Gases
matter
gases
odor
texture
something that occupies space
matter that does not have shape or texture
the way something smells
the way an object feels
matter
something that occupies space
gases
matter that does not have shape or texture
22 terms
Gases
Boyle's law
Charles' law
Pressure law
Absolute zero
The volume of a fixed amount of an ideal gas is inversely pro…
The volume of a fixed amount of an ideal gas is directly prop…
The pressure of a fixed amount of an ideal gas is directly pr…
The temperature at which the volume of an ideal gas at consta…
Boyle's law
The volume of a fixed amount of an ideal gas is inversely pro…
Charles' law
The volume of a fixed amount of an ideal gas is directly prop…
16 terms
Gases
Pv=nRT
Directly proportional
Inversely proportional
Celsius to kelvin
Ideal gas law n= # of moles, P=pressure in atm, V=volume in L…
Parameters that are on opposite sides of the equal sign are d…
Parameters that are on the same side of the equal sign are in…
C+273= K
Pv=nRT
Ideal gas law n= # of moles, P=pressure in atm, V=volume in L…
Directly proportional
Parameters that are on opposite sides of the equal sign are d…
21 terms
Gases
KMT / KTG Rule 1
KMT / KTG Rule 2
Conversion Units for Pressure
STP
All gases are made up of individual particles that are in con…
Collision between gas molecules are bouncy, they do not lose…
1 atm = 760 mm hg = 760 Torr = 14.7 psi = 101.37 kPa
1 atm , 273 K
KMT / KTG Rule 1
All gases are made up of individual particles that are in con…
KMT / KTG Rule 2
Collision between gas molecules are bouncy, they do not lose…
13 terms
gases
Nh3
H20
02
03
ammonia
steam
oxygen gas
ozone
Nh3
ammonia
H20
steam
14 terms
Gases
Barometer
mm Hg
Torr
Standard Atmosphere
a device for measuring atmospheric pressure
millimeter of mercury
another name for millimeter of mercury (mm Hg)
a unit of pressure equal to 760 mm Hg (look at chart)
Barometer
a device for measuring atmospheric pressure
mm Hg
millimeter of mercury
23 terms
Gases
NH3
h2o
o2
o3
ammonia
steam
oxygen gas
ozone
NH3
ammonia
h2o
steam
21 terms
Gases
NH3
H2O
O2
O3
Ammonia
Steam
Oxygen gas
Ozone
NH3
Ammonia
H2O
Steam
22 terms
Gases
NH3
H2O
O2
O3
ammonia
steam
oxygen gas
ozone
NH3
ammonia
H2O
steam
39 terms
Gases
gas mixture
homogenous
fluids
kinetic energy
two or more gases form a homogenous mixture
_____ mixture: has variable compositions (components are not…
particles can flow past each other
temperature = _____ ≠ heat
gas mixture
two or more gases form a homogenous mixture
homogenous
_____ mixture: has variable compositions (components are not…
Gases
Boyle's Law
Charles's Law
Avogadro's principle
Gay-Lussac
PV
V/T
n/V
P/T
Boyle's Law
PV
Charles's Law
V/T
7 terms
Gases
Pressure
Barometer
Boyle's Law
Charles' Law
Force per unit area.
An instrument that measures atmospheric pressure.
The relationship between the pressure and volume of a gas at…
A principle that describes the relationship between the tempe…
Pressure
Force per unit area.
Barometer
An instrument that measures atmospheric pressure.
Gases
green
yellow
gray
gray/green
oxygen
air
CO2
CO2/O2
green
oxygen
yellow
air
Kinetic theory
elastic collison
boyles law
combined law
explain gas behavior
particles meet but no energy is lost
increase pressure and decrease volume
boyle, charles + Gay-Lussac law together
Kinetic theory
explain gas behavior
elastic collison
particles meet but no energy is lost
21 terms
Gases
NH3
H20 (g)
O2
O3
ammonia
steam
oxygen gas
ozone
NH3
ammonia
H20 (g)
steam
21 terms
gases
NH3
H20
O2
O3
ammonia
steam
oxygen
ozone
NH3
ammonia
H20
steam
15 terms
Gases
CH4
C2H6
C3H8
SO2
methane
Ethane
propane
sulfur dioxide
CH4
methane
C2H6
Ethane
6 terms
Gases
Real gas
Kinetic energy
Compressibility
As temperature increases
It is an imaginary gas
Is the same for all gases at the same temperature
Decreasing of spaces between particles
Frequency of collision between particles increases
Real gas
It is an imaginary gas
Kinetic energy
Is the same for all gases at the same temperature
20 terms
Gases
Why are gases matter?
Pressure
Kinetic Molecular Theory of Gases
Avogadro's Hypothesis
they take up space and have mass
force per unit area, pressure for a gas is caused by the coll…
1. A gas consists of tiny particles that are in constant rand…
Equal volumes of gases at the same temperature and pressure c…
Why are gases matter?
they take up space and have mass
Pressure
force per unit area, pressure for a gas is caused by the coll…
30 terms
Gases
Absolute Zero
Acid Rain
Air Pollution
Atmosphere
...
...
...
...
Absolute Zero
...
Acid Rain
...
22 terms
Gases
1 atm =
Atmospheric pressure
Standard temperature and pressure
Temp of standard state
760mmHg= 760 torr= 101.325 kPA
the pressure exerted by atoms and molecules in the atmosphere…
1 atm and 273 K (0 Celsius)
298K
1 atm =
760mmHg= 760 torr= 101.325 kPA
Atmospheric pressure
the pressure exerted by atoms and molecules in the atmosphere…
Gases
Convert from Celsius to Kelvin
Charles' law
Boyle's law
Gay-Lussac's law
Add 273 to Celsius measurement
V1/T1=V2/T2
P1V1 = P2V2
P1/T1 = P2/T2
Convert from Celsius to Kelvin
Add 273 to Celsius measurement
Charles' law
V1/T1=V2/T2
19 terms
gases
NH3
H2O
O2
O3
ammonia
steam
oxygen gas
ozone
NH3
ammonia
H2O
steam
16 terms
Gases
gas
diffusion
effusion
air pressure
A form of matter that does not have a definite volume or shap…
spontaneous mixing of 2 substances caused by random motion ;…
gas particles pass through a tiny opening; rates differ and d…
measured with a barometer; the measure of the force with whic…
gas
A form of matter that does not have a definite volume or shap…
diffusion
spontaneous mixing of 2 substances caused by random motion ;…
22 terms
Gases
NH3
H2O
O2
O3
ammonia
steam
oxygen gas
ozone
NH3
ammonia
H2O
steam
16 terms
Gases
Biomass
conservation
fossil fuel
geothermal
A measure of the total dry mass of organisms within a particu…
Ability to recognize that objects can e transformed in some w…
Coal, oil, natural gas, and other fuels that are ancient rema…
Energy derived from the heat in the interior of the earth
Biomass
A measure of the total dry mass of organisms within a particu…
conservation
Ability to recognize that objects can e transformed in some w…
Gases
NH3
H2O
O2
O3
Ammonia
Steam
Oxygen gas
Ozone
NH3
Ammonia
H2O
Steam
8 terms
Gases
Ideal Gas
Kinetic Molecular Theory
Combined Gas Law
Vapor Pressure
PV = nRT
the theory that all matter is composed of particles (atoms an…
P1V1/T1=P2V2/T2
The pressure exerted by a vapor over a liquid.
Ideal Gas
PV = nRT
Kinetic Molecular Theory
the theory that all matter is composed of particles (atoms an…
7 terms
Gases
Charles' Law
Boyle's Law
Gay-Lussac's Law
Diffusion
V/T=K
PV=K
P/T=K
a gas's ability to fill its container
Charles' Law
V/T=K
Boyle's Law
PV=K
Gases
Ideal gas
Boyle's Law
Charles's Law
Avogadro's Principle
hypothetical gas whose molecules have no intermolecular force…
pressure and volume are inversely proportional
volume and temperature are proportional
Volume and moles are proportional
Ideal gas
hypothetical gas whose molecules have no intermolecular force…
Boyle's Law
pressure and volume are inversely proportional
15 terms
Gases
Pressure
Atmospheric Pressure
STP
SATP
The force per unit area measured in SI units of pascal (Pa)
The force per unit area exerted by air on all objects
Standard Temperature and Pressure; 0°C and 1 atm (101.325 kPa)
Standard Ambient Temperature and Pressure; 25°C and 100 kPa
Pressure
The force per unit area measured in SI units of pascal (Pa)
Atmospheric Pressure
The force per unit area exerted by air on all objects
7 terms
Gases
Ideal Gas Law
R constant
Gas Law Graph (constant V)
Gas Law Graph (constant T)
PV = nRT ideal at high temperatures and low pressure
0.0821 L∙atm/mol∙K... 8.314 J/mol∙K
P α T
P α 1/V
Ideal Gas Law
PV = nRT ideal at high temperatures and low pressure
R constant
0.0821 L∙atm/mol∙K... 8.314 J/mol∙K
Gases
Solid
Liquid
Gas
Compressibility
a material that has a defined shape with a relatively stable…
(non-crystalline) form of matter between a gas and a solid th…
composed of molecules in constant random motion. Unlike a sol…
the measure of how much a given volume of matter decreases wh…
Solid
a material that has a defined shape with a relatively stable…
Liquid
(non-crystalline) form of matter between a gas and a solid th…
Gases
Kinetic Molecular theory of gases
Gas pressure
1 atm is equal to
Boyles law
A gas consists of particles that move around randomly and rap…
Pressure (P) is the Force (F) exerted per unit area (A) when…
760 mm Hg... 760 torr... 14.7 psi... 101,325 Pa
Pressure of a gas and volume of a gas are inversely proportio…
Kinetic Molecular theory of gases
A gas consists of particles that move around randomly and rap…
Gas pressure
Pressure (P) is the Force (F) exerted per unit area (A) when…
11 terms
Gases
physical properties of gases
vapor
how do gases differ from liquids and s…
kinetic energy
molecular substances with low molar masses... though there are…
gaseous state of any substance that normally exists as a liqu…
expand to fill their containers; the volume of the gas equals…
energy associated with movement... everything in motion has kin…
physical properties of gases
molecular substances with low molar masses... though there are…
vapor
gaseous state of any substance that normally exists as a liqu…
14 terms
Gases
KMT 4 assumptions
Ideal Gas Law
Charles's Law
Boyle's Law
1. Volume of the gas particles is negligible ... 2. All collisio…
PV=nRT... P = pressure of gas in atmospheres ... V = volume of cont…
V ~ T... Volume is proportional to temperature ... A gas will expan…
P ~ 1/V... Pressure is inversely proportional to temperature
KMT 4 assumptions
1. Volume of the gas particles is negligible ... 2. All collisio…
Ideal Gas Law
PV=nRT... P = pressure of gas in atmospheres ... V = volume of cont…
24 terms
Gases
atomic properties of gases
gas pressure depends on:
earth's atmosphere (definition)
earth's atmosphere (composition)
Particles are far apart... Particles have no cohesive forces... Col…
Amount... Depth... Density... Temperature... Volume (of container)
The thin envelope of gases that surrounds the earth
78% nitrogen, 21% oxygen, .93 argon, traces CO2, H2O, various…
atomic properties of gases
Particles are far apart... Particles have no cohesive forces... Col…
gas pressure depends on:
Amount... Depth... Density... Temperature... Volume (of container)
22 terms
Gases
What's the Avogadro's Law
What's the Boyle's Law
What's the Charles Law
What is the air pressure at sea level?
V/n = V/n
PV = PV
V/T = V/T
1 atm
What's the Avogadro's Law
V/n = V/n
What's the Boyle's Law
PV = PV
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