# Study sets matching "gases"

Study sets

Diagrams

Classes

Users

Boyle's law

Charles' law

Absolute zero

Kelvin temperature

The volume of a fixed amount of an ideal gas is inversely prop…

The volume of a fixed amount of an ideal gas is directly propo…

The temperature at which all particle vibration stops. 0 Kelvi…

Temperature measured from absolute zero. Degrees K = degrees C…

Boyle's law

The volume of a fixed amount of an ideal gas is inversely prop…

Charles' law

The volume of a fixed amount of an ideal gas is directly propo…

Things we need to know about gas

Pressure

Measuring Pressure- Barometer

Measuring Pressure- Manometer

Pressure (P)... Volume (V)... Temperature (T)... Amount of Gas (n)

The amount of force exerted per unit of area

-Used to measure atmospheric pressure... -Mercury-filled tube inv…

-Used to measure pressure of a confined gas... -When the valve is…

Things we need to know about gas

Pressure (P)... Volume (V)... Temperature (T)... Amount of Gas (n)

Pressure

The amount of force exerted per unit of area

Pressure

Standard Atmospheric Pressure

Pressure conversion

Boyle's Law

A force applied over an area. The force of gas molecules colli…

The pressure at sea level. This pressure is sufficient to supp…

1 atm = 760. mmHg = 101.3 kPa

Relates pressure and volume changes. Assumes that the temperat…

Pressure

A force applied over an area. The force of gas molecules colli…

Standard Atmospheric Pressure

The pressure at sea level. This pressure is sufficient to supp…

as volume increases, pressure decreases

P2 = (P1 x V1)/V2

as temperature increases, volume increa…

as temperature increases, pressure incr…

relationship between pressure and volume

the equation for final pressure when T and n are constant

relationship between temperature and volume

relationship between temperature and pressure

as volume increases, pressure decreases

relationship between pressure and volume

P2 = (P1 x V1)/V2

the equation for final pressure when T and n are constant

Vapors

Highly compressible, full volume

When a gas is subjected to pressure,

Homogeneous mixtures

another name for gases

gases are _ and occupy the _ of their containers

its volume decreases

gases always form _ with other gases

Vapors

another name for gases

Highly compressible, full volume

gases are _ and occupy the _ of their containers

kinetic molecular theory (KMT)

assumptions of KMT

ideal gas characteristics

elastic collision

matter, no matter in what phase, is in constant motion... -as tem…

-molecules of an ideal gas are dimensionless points w no V... -th…

-low density... -expansive... -elastic collisions... -fluid... -compressib…

no net loss of KE

kinetic molecular theory (KMT)

matter, no matter in what phase, is in constant motion... -as tem…

assumptions of KMT

-molecules of an ideal gas are dimensionless points w no V... -th…

Kinetic Molecular Theory

Fluid

Diffusion

Effusion

All molecules are in constant moton

Constant motion of molecules (liquids and gases only)

Spontaneous mixing due to constant motion (liquids and gases o…

Gases escape from small openings

Kinetic Molecular Theory

All molecules are in constant moton

Fluid

Constant motion of molecules (liquids and gases only)

Boyles Law

Temperature

Diffusion

Effusion

P1V1=P2V2

the measure of kinetic energy of the particles from a sample o…

movement of one substance through another until equilibrium is…

diffusion of gas molecules through a hole

Boyles Law

P1V1=P2V2

Temperature

the measure of kinetic energy of the particles from a sample o…

pressure

barometer

Boyle's law

absolute zero

the amount of force exerted per unit area of a surface

an instrument that measures atmospheric pressure

for a fixed amount of gas at a constant temperature, the volum…

the temperature at which molecular energy is at a minimum

pressure

the amount of force exerted per unit area of a surface

barometer

an instrument that measures atmospheric pressure

Kinetic-Molecular theory

Kinetic energy

Gas

Barometer

Theory that all matter is composed of particles (atoms and mol…

Energy of motion; need to know mass and velocity of particles

A state of matter with no definite shape or volume. Particles…

An instrument that measures atmospheric pressure

Kinetic-Molecular theory

Theory that all matter is composed of particles (atoms and mol…

Kinetic energy

Energy of motion; need to know mass and velocity of particles

Kinetic-Molecular Theory

Ideal gas

Compressibility

Fluidity

Particles in matter are always in motion; study the behavior a…

hypothetical gas that fits the assumptions of the kinetic-mole…

Property that describes how gas molecules can be crowded close…

Property that describes how gas molecules slide past one anoth…

Kinetic-Molecular Theory

Particles in matter are always in motion; study the behavior a…

Ideal gas

hypothetical gas that fits the assumptions of the kinetic-mole…

Barometer

Boyle's law

Buoyancy

Charles' law

An instrument that measures atmospheric pressure

The relationship between the pressure and volume of a gas at c…

The ability of a fluid or gas to exert an upward force on an o…

The relationship between volume and temperature of a gas at a…

Barometer

An instrument that measures atmospheric pressure

Boyle's law

The relationship between the pressure and volume of a gas at c…

this is the only variable that will aff…

As long as there is liquid in the chamb…

ideal gas law

benefits of gas as a medication

temperature

It will be constant

PV = nRT... P = pressure... V = volume... n = number of moles of gas (…

speed of onset... very titratable - makes it easy to balance aga…

this is the only variable that will aff…

temperature

As long as there is liquid in the chamb…

It will be constant

Kinetic molecular theory

Charles's law

Boyle's law

Miscibility

An increase in the number of gas particles in the container in…

is an experimental gas law that describes how gases tend to ex…

constant temperature for a fixed mass, the absolute pressure a…

substances to mix in all proportions (that is, to fully dissol…

Kinetic molecular theory

An increase in the number of gas particles in the container in…

Charles's law

is an experimental gas law that describes how gases tend to ex…

Pressure

Boyle's Law

Charles' Law

Gay-Lussac's Law

Force per unit area

The pressure of a gas varies inversely with volume at constant…

the law that states that for a fixed amount of gas at a consta…

the pressure of a gas is directly proportional to the Kelvin t…

Pressure

Force per unit area

Boyle's Law

The pressure of a gas varies inversely with volume at constant…

Barometer

Boyle's law

Buoyancy

Charles' law

An instrument that measures atmospheric pressure

The relationship between the pressure and volume of a gas at c…

The ability of a fluid or gas to exert an upward force on an o…

The relationship between volume and temperature of a gas at a…

Barometer

An instrument that measures atmospheric pressure

Boyle's law

The relationship between the pressure and volume of a gas at c…

Absolute Zero

Atmosphere of Pressure

Avogadro's Law

Barometer

the temperature at which all-molecular energy is at a minimum,…

is the pressure of Earth's atmosphere at sea level; exactly eq…

states that equal volumes of gases at the same temperature and…

is an instrument that measures atmospheric pressure

Absolute Zero

the temperature at which all-molecular energy is at a minimum,…

Atmosphere of Pressure

is the pressure of Earth's atmosphere at sea level; exactly eq…

Gases

Vapor

Kinetic-Molecular Theory

mean free path

widely spaced particles in constant random motion, flow and oc…

gaseous state of matter that is more commonly a liquid or a so…

model for gases at the microscopic level that explains behavio…

the average distance between collisons

Gases

widely spaced particles in constant random motion, flow and oc…

Vapor

gaseous state of matter that is more commonly a liquid or a so…

Kinetic Molecular Theory

Boyle's Law

Charles's Law

Gay-Lussac's Law

The theory that all matter is composed of particles (atoms and…

The relationship between the pressure and volume of a gas at c…

The law that states that for a fixed amount of gas at constant…

The pressure of a gas is directly proportional to the Kelvin t…

Kinetic Molecular Theory

The theory that all matter is composed of particles (atoms and…

Boyle's Law

The relationship between the pressure and volume of a gas at c…

Properties of Gases

Ideal Gas Law

Boyle's Law

Charles' Law

- indefinite shape and volume... - easily compressed and expanded…

PV=nRT... Constant = .0821 l atm / mol K

At a constant temp, the volume of a gas is inversely proportio…

At a constant pressure, the volume of a gas is directly propor…

Properties of Gases

- indefinite shape and volume... - easily compressed and expanded…

Ideal Gas Law

PV=nRT... Constant = .0821 l atm / mol K

Boyle's Law

Gay Lussac's Law

Charles' Law

Combined Gas Law

Pressure vs. Volume - inverse P1V1=P2V2

Pressure vs. Temperature - direct P1/T1=P2/T2

Volume vs. Temperature V1/T1=V2/T2

Pressure vs. Volume vs. Temperature P1V1/T1=P2V2/T2

Boyle's Law

Pressure vs. Volume - inverse P1V1=P2V2

Gay Lussac's Law

Pressure vs. Temperature - direct P1/T1=P2/T2