Study sets matching "general anatomy"

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Study sets matching "general anatomy"

115 terms
General Anatomy
Anatomy
Hippocrates
Physiology
Microscopic Anatomy
the study of structure
Father of Medicine
studies the function of body structures
- examines structures that CANNOT be seen by the unaided eye…
Anatomy
the study of structure
Hippocrates
Father of Medicine
48 terms
general anatomy
Cranial cavity
Spinal cavity
Ventral cavity
Thoracic cavity
#1
#3
H
D
Cranial cavity
#1
Spinal cavity
#3
67 terms
General Anatomy
frontal
sagittal
transverse
interior
cuts front and back
gives you right and left
top and bottom
Front (ventral)
frontal
cuts front and back
sagittal
gives you right and left
24 terms
Anatomy General
Tendon
Ligament
Skeletal muscles
Smooth muscles
Connects bone to muscle
Connects bone to bone
These muscles are attached to bones and are responsible for t…
Are found inside of organs like the stomach, intestines, and…
Tendon
Connects bone to muscle
Ligament
Connects bone to bone
General Anatomy
Transverse plane
Saggital plane
Frontal plane
Components of reflex arc
Creates superior and inferior portions
Creates lateral portions
Creates dorsal and ventral portions
1. receptor ... 2. Afferent (Sensory)... 3. interneuron (w/i spinal…
Transverse plane
Creates superior and inferior portions
Saggital plane
Creates lateral portions
General Anatomy
Cartilage
Axial Skeleton
Appendicular skeleton
Bone classification?
Tough, resilient connective tissue composed of cells and fibe…
Bones of the head, neck, and torso (trunk).
Bones of the limbs
Long, short, flat, and irregular.
Cartilage
Tough, resilient connective tissue composed of cells and fibe…
Axial Skeleton
Bones of the head, neck, and torso (trunk).
19 terms
General Anatomy
What membrane lines the pericardial ca…
What membrane covers the heart?
What membrane lines the pleural caviti…
What membrane covers the lungs?
Parietal Pericardium
Visceral Pericardium
Parietal Pleura
Visceral Pleura
What membrane lines the pericardial ca…
Parietal Pericardium
What membrane covers the heart?
Visceral Pericardium
12 terms
General Anatomy
Anatomy
Physiology
Gross Anatomy (macroscopic anatomy)
Microscopic anatomy
Anatomy is about structure.... The study of internal and externa…
Physiology is about function.... The study of how living organis…
The examination of relatively large structures and features u…
Deals with structures that cannot be seen without magnificati…
Anatomy
Anatomy is about structure.... The study of internal and externa…
Physiology
Physiology is about function.... The study of how living organis…
49 terms
General anatomy
Antecubital
Tarsal
Coxal
Buccal
Front of elbow
Ankle
Hip
Cheek
Antecubital
Front of elbow
Tarsal
Ankle
13 terms
General Anatomy
Base
Apex
Right Atrium
Left Atrium
Name the region
Name the region
Name the chamber, be specific
Name the chamber, be specific
Base
Name the region
Apex
Name the region
45 terms
General anatomy
Vertebrae
Sternum
Diaphragm
Heart
Vertebrae
Sternum
40 terms
General anatomy
Cell
Protoplasm
Anabolism
Anatomy
The basic unit of all living things
Is a colorless jelly like substance in cells where food eleme…
Is constructive metabolism of building up larger molecules fr…
The study of the human body structure that can be seen with t…
Cell
The basic unit of all living things
Protoplasm
Is a colorless jelly like substance in cells where food eleme…
16 terms
General Anatomy
Origin
Insertion
Anatomy
Gross anatomy
The point of attachment of a muscle, to a bone or another mus…
The point of attachment of a muscle opposite to the origin
Is the study of the structure of the human body discussing th…
Based on the dissection of the body as it deals with tissues…
Origin
The point of attachment of a muscle, to a bone or another mus…
Insertion
The point of attachment of a muscle opposite to the origin
24 terms
General Anatomy
anatomy
anatomists
physiology
micro anatomy
study of structure
scientists who study anatomy
the scientific discipline that studies the function of a body…
examines structures that CANNOT be seen by the unaided eye
anatomy
study of structure
anatomists
scientists who study anatomy
47 terms
General anatomy
Calcium metabolism
Internal/medial rotators of the hip
internal/medial rotators of the arm
external/lateral rotators of the hip
Calcitonin - takes Ca out of blood, from parafollicular cells…
Tensor fasciae latae... Gluteus medius... Gluteus minimus
Deltoid muscle... Subscapularis... Teres major... Latissimus dorsi... Pec…
Piriformis... gemellus... obturators ... quadratus femoris
Calcium metabolism
Calcitonin - takes Ca out of blood, from parafollicular cells…
Internal/medial rotators of the hip
Tensor fasciae latae... Gluteus medius... Gluteus minimus
63 terms
Anatomy (general)
Frontal
Temporal
Orbital
Nasal
Forehead
Temple
Eye, cavity/walls
Nose
Frontal
Forehead
Temporal
Temple
21 terms
General Anatomy
Anatomy
Physiology
Body System
Metabolism
Study of body structure
Study of body function
Consists of tissues and organs that work together to perform…
Chemical processes that take part in the body
Anatomy
Study of body structure
Physiology
Study of body function
18 terms
General Anatomy
Cephal/o
Hist/o
Erythr/o
Coron/o
Head
Tissue
Red
Coronary, crown
Cephal/o
Head
Hist/o
Tissue
General Anatomy
Histology
4 basic types of tissue
Characteristics of epithelial tissue
Functions of epithelial tissue
Study of tissues
Epithelial, connective, muscle, nervous
- Cover surface of body (including tracts and openings)... - cel…
protection, controls permeability, secretion, sensation
Histology
Study of tissues
4 basic types of tissue
Epithelial, connective, muscle, nervous
20 terms
General Anatomy
left ventricle
right ventricle
left atrium
right atrium
left ventricle
right ventricle
12 terms
General Anatomy
Stomach
small intestine
large intestine
spleen
stores/breaks down food
absorbs nutrients from food
absorbs H2O from food
filters blood-removes microbes,dead cells,etc
Stomach
stores/breaks down food
small intestine
absorbs nutrients from food
38 terms
Anatomy - General
Skin - Epidermis
Skin - Dermis
Skin - Appendages
Superficial Fascia (subcutaneous tissue)
- Superficial part... - Thick, made for wear and tear
- Dense connective tissue... - Blood vessels... - Lymphatic vessels…
- Nails... - Hair follicles... - Arrector pili... - Sympathetic nerv…
- Loose areolar... - Adipose
Skin - Epidermis
- Superficial part... - Thick, made for wear and tear
Skin - Dermis
- Dense connective tissue... - Blood vessels... - Lymphatic vessels…
21 terms
General Anatomy
Anatomy
Anatomical Position
Sagittal Plane
Midsagittal Plane
Scientific study of the shape and structure of the human body.
The position in which the body is standing erect with the fee…
A vertical, dividing the body from top to bottom and into lef…
Vertical, dividing teh body into equal left and right halves.
Anatomy
Scientific study of the shape and structure of the human body.
Anatomical Position
The position in which the body is standing erect with the fee…
16 terms
General Anatomy
System directly causing mechanical mot…
System that responds to environmental…
System providing support and levers fo…
System that protects underlying organs…
muscular
nervous
skeletal
integumentary
System directly causing mechanical mot…
muscular
System that responds to environmental…
nervous
69 terms
GENERAL ANATOMY
DIGESTIVE SYSTEM
ALIMENTARY CANAL INCLUDES
DIGESTIVE SYSTEM ACCESSARY ORGANS
ATOM
ALIMENTARY CANAL AND ACCESSARY ORGANS... Breaks down food into a…
Mouth, Pharynx, Esophagus, Stomach, Small Intestines, Large I…
Salivary glands, liver, gallbladder & pancreas
Smallest unit of an element
DIGESTIVE SYSTEM
ALIMENTARY CANAL AND ACCESSARY ORGANS... Breaks down food into a…
ALIMENTARY CANAL INCLUDES
Mouth, Pharynx, Esophagus, Stomach, Small Intestines, Large I…
general anatomy
cranial
spinal (vertebral)
ventral (anterior)
thoracic
*cavity
*cavity
*cavity
*cavity
cranial
*cavity
spinal (vertebral)
*cavity
29 terms
General Anatomy
Prone
Supine
Shock position
Fowler's position
Face-down
Face-up
Face-up, feet-up
Sitting up with knees bent
Prone
Face-down
Supine
Face-up
Anatomy General
Pre
Peri
Para
Hypo
in front of
Around
beside
below
Pre
in front of
Peri
Around
19 terms
General Anatomy
Function of Skeletal System
Structural Anatomy
Bone classifications
Diaphysis
Support, Protection, Movement, Storage, Blood Cell Formation
Axial and appendicular skeleton... Spongy and compact bone
long bones... short bones... flat bones... irregular bones
Central part of long bone
Function of Skeletal System
Support, Protection, Movement, Storage, Blood Cell Formation
Structural Anatomy
Axial and appendicular skeleton... Spongy and compact bone
36 terms
General Anatomy
Anatomy
Applied (Clinical) Anatomy
Descriptive (Systemic) Anatomy
Physiology
the study of the structures of an organism and the relations…
applying anatomical study for diagnosis and the treatment of…
describing individual parts of the body with regard to the va…
the study of the function of the living organism and its part…
Anatomy
the study of the structures of an organism and the relations…
Applied (Clinical) Anatomy
applying anatomical study for diagnosis and the treatment of…
123 terms
Anatomy General
Types of Cartilage (3)
Functions of Cartilage (3)
interstitial growth
4 steps of interstitial growth
hyaline, fibrocartilage, elastic
support soft tissues, provide gliding surface at articulation…
occurs within the internal regions. has 4 steps
1. Chondrocytes within lacunae are stimulated to undergo mito…
Types of Cartilage (3)
hyaline, fibrocartilage, elastic
Functions of Cartilage (3)
support soft tissues, provide gliding surface at articulation…
75 terms
Anatomy (General and Special Senses)
receptor specificity
receptive field
tonic receptors
phasic receptors
different receptors respond to different stimuli
a receptive field is the area monitored by a single receptor;…
slow-adapting; always active; show little peripheral adaptati…
fast-adapting receptors; normally inactive; become active whe…
receptor specificity
different receptors respond to different stimuli
receptive field
a receptive field is the area monitored by a single receptor;…
Equine-anatomy-general
olecranon
carpus
Flehman Response
Forelock
point of the elbow
knee in the front
A
olecranon
point of the elbow
carpus
knee in the front
23 terms
General Anatomy
What are the 2 purpose of depressions…
What are the 2 purposes of processess?
Foramen
Notch
form joints... allows passage of soft tissues
help form joints... serve as attachment sites for connective tis…
opening through which blood vessels, nerves, or ligaments pass
identation at bones edge
What are the 2 purpose of depressions…
form joints... allows passage of soft tissues
What are the 2 purposes of processess?
help form joints... serve as attachment sites for connective tis…
35 terms
General Anatomy
General Function
Skeletal Muscle
Skeletal Muscle Function
Special Properties of Muscle Tissue
To contract... Smooth muscle... Cardiac muscle... Skeletal Muscle
Tendons anchor muscles and pass over joints... Muscle fibers ar…
Produce movement, posture, stabilize joints, generate heat, a…
Excitability, contractility, extensibility, elasticity
General Function
To contract... Smooth muscle... Cardiac muscle... Skeletal Muscle
Skeletal Muscle
Tendons anchor muscles and pass over joints... Muscle fibers ar…
165 terms
General Anatomy
There are typically _____ afferent lym…
Lymph is moved through lymphatic vesse…
The adult thymus
The posterior 1/3 of the tongue drains…
more, slowdown
contractile action of the skeletal muscle through which the l…
contains adipocytes and fibrous connective tissue
deep cervical nodes
There are typically _____ afferent lym…
more, slowdown
Lymph is moved through lymphatic vesse…
contractile action of the skeletal muscle through which the l…
185 terms
Anatomy & Physiology General Terms
What separates the vertebrae?
fascicle
sarcomere
Z disc
Intervertebral disks
made of of many muscle fibers; bound together by perimysium
functional unit of a muscle; region of myofibril between Z di…
holding place for action; structural
What separates the vertebrae?
Intervertebral disks
fascicle
made of of many muscle fibers; bound together by perimysium
17 terms
General Anatomy
The study of structure is what?
The scientific discipline that studies…
What anatomy examines the structure an…
What anatomy examines both the superfi…
anatomy
physiology
gross anatomy
surface anatomy
The study of structure is what?
anatomy
The scientific discipline that studies…
physiology
General Anatomy
Transverse plane
Saggital plane
Frontal plane
Components of reflex arc
Creates superior and inferior portions
Creates lateral portions
Creates dorsal and ventral portions
1. receptor ... 2. sensory neuron (rami -> root [ganglion within…
Transverse plane
Creates superior and inferior portions
Saggital plane
Creates lateral portions
38 terms
General Anatomy
Prominent spinous process at shoulder…
Inferior angle of scapula
level of scapular spines
Illiac level
C7
T7
T3
L4
Prominent spinous process at shoulder…
C7
Inferior angle of scapula
T7
43 terms
general anatomy & physical terms
anatomy
physiology
pathology
homeostasis
the parts of the body
the study of how parts work
the study of diseases (how it's messed up)
staying the same (temperature, pH levels. etc)
anatomy
the parts of the body
physiology
the study of how parts work
339 terms
General Anatomy Final
anatomy
physiology
integumentary system
skeletal system
study of body structure
study of bodily processes and functions
consists of the skin ( waterproofs the body, protects deeper…
consists of bones, cartilage, ligaments, and joints (supports…
anatomy
study of body structure
physiology
study of bodily processes and functions
29 terms
General Anatomy
Dorsal (Pig)
Sagittal Plane (Pig)
Caudal (Pig)
Frontal Plane (Pig)
Dorsal (Pig)
Sagittal Plane (Pig)
38 terms
General Anatomy
anatomy
physiology
three different cuts
coronal cut
the study of the structure of an organism
the study of the function of living organisms and its parts,…
coronal, sagittal, and horizontal
cuts the body from top to bottom medially; anterior and poste…
anatomy
the study of the structure of an organism
physiology
the study of the function of living organisms and its parts,…
65 terms
GENERAL ANATOMY
CELL
NUCLEUS
DAUGHTER CELLS
CYTOPLASM
THE BASIC UNIT OF ALL LIVING THINGS IS THE:
THE DENSE ACTIVE PROTOPLASM FOUND IN THE CENTER OF THE CELL IS:
HUMAN CELLS REPRODUCE BY MITOSIS, DIVIDING INTO TWO IDENTICAL…
THE ____ IS THE PROTOPLASM OF A CELL EXCEPT FOR THE PROTOPLAS…
CELL
THE BASIC UNIT OF ALL LIVING THINGS IS THE:
NUCLEUS
THE DENSE ACTIVE PROTOPLASM FOUND IN THE CENTER OF THE CELL IS:
General Anatomy
Pulmonary
Intercostal
Thorax
Erythrocyte
Relating to the lungs
Between the ribs
Chest
Red blood cell that transports oxygen
Pulmonary
Relating to the lungs
Intercostal
Between the ribs
37 terms
General Anatomy
Abdominal cavity
Abdominopelvic cavity
Anatomical position
Anatomy
Contains the stomach, liver, gallbladder, spleen, and most of…
Part of the ventral cavity that contains the abdominal and pe…
The body standing erect with face forward, feet together, arm…
Study of the shape and structure of the human body
Abdominal cavity
Contains the stomach, liver, gallbladder, spleen, and most of…
Abdominopelvic cavity
Part of the ventral cavity that contains the abdominal and pe…
18 terms
General Anatomy
Superior
Inferior
Distal
Proximal
Situated above or higher than another part
Located beneath or directed downward
Located far from a point of reference
Located nearer to a point of reference
Superior
Situated above or higher than another part
Inferior
Located beneath or directed downward
42 terms
General Anatomy
Anatomical Position
Section
Plane
Sagittal Plane
Person is standing upright, feet flat, arms at the sides and…
Implies an actual cut or a slice to reveal internal anatomy
Imaginary flat surface passing through the body
Passes vertically through the body or an organ and divides th…
Anatomical Position
Person is standing upright, feet flat, arms at the sides and…
Section
Implies an actual cut or a slice to reveal internal anatomy
General anatomy
Cuerpo
vasos sanguíneos
artería
vena
body
blood vessels
artery
vein
Cuerpo
body
vasos sanguíneos
blood vessels
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