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Study sets matching "general biology chapter 7"

52 terms
Chapter 7 General Biology
Phospholipid
Triglyceride
Fluid mosaic model
Proteins tend to
are liquid composed of the membrane
amphipathic ... acid chain-hydrophobic. non polar. not water sol…
position of the phospholipid molecules and protein is not sta…
have less slightly movability in particular of compound phosp…
Phospholipid
are liquid composed of the membrane
Triglyceride
amphipathic ... acid chain-hydrophobic. non polar. not water sol…
17 terms
General Biology Chapter 7
____ is NOT needed for the light-depen…
____ take(s) place within the grana.
A correct equation for photosynthesis is
These reactions take place in the stro…
CO2
The light-dependent reactions
SUN + 6CO2 + 6H2O → C6H12O6 + 6O2
Light-independent
____ is NOT needed for the light-depen…
CO2
____ take(s) place within the grana.
The light-dependent reactions
36 terms
GENERAL BIOLOGY: Chapter 7
Selective permeability
Fluid Mosaic Model
Peripheral Proteins
Integral Proteins
Plasma membrane allowing some substances to cross it more eas…
That a membrane is a fluid structure with "mosaic" of various…
Bound to the surface of the membrane
Penetrate the hydrophobic core of the membrane... -The hydrophob…
Selective permeability
Plasma membrane allowing some substances to cross it more eas…
Fluid Mosaic Model
That a membrane is a fluid structure with "mosaic" of various…
31 terms
General Biology Chapter 7
Alternation of generations
Aneuploid
Autosome
Chiasmata
a life-cycle type in which the diploid and haploid stages alt…
an individual with an error in chromosome number; includes de…
any of the non-sex chromosomes
the structure that forms at the crossover points after geneti…
Alternation of generations
a life-cycle type in which the diploid and haploid stages alt…
Aneuploid
an individual with an error in chromosome number; includes de…
32 terms
General Biology: Chapter 7
selective permeability
Phospholipids
amphipathic
fluid mosaic model
some substances can cross plasma membrane more easily than ot…
the most abundant liquid in the plasma membrane/ a bilayer ca…
two different areas that act differently (example in phosphol…
a membrane is a fluid structure with a "mosaic" of various pr…
selective permeability
some substances can cross plasma membrane more easily than ot…
Phospholipids
the most abundant liquid in the plasma membrane/ a bilayer ca…
25 terms
General Biology Chapter 7
selective permeability
what are transport proteins?
what do channel proteins do?
carrier channels change what when brin…
a cell must exchange materials with its surrounding, selectiv…
move hydrophyllic substances
they use hydrophyllic molecules or ions inside the tunnel, no…
shape
selective permeability
a cell must exchange materials with its surrounding, selectiv…
what are transport proteins?
move hydrophyllic substances
General Biology Chapter 7
Molecules move into and out of the nuc…
Which features are common to all cells?
Which are specific to just plants, jus…
Which organelle is the primary site of…
nuclear pores
Ribosomes... Plasma membrane... genetic information (DNA) in chromo…
Animals: lack a cell wall... have lysosomes... Plants: have chlorop…
Mitochondrion
Molecules move into and out of the nuc…
nuclear pores
Which features are common to all cells?
Ribosomes... Plasma membrane... genetic information (DNA) in chromo…
96 terms
chapter 7 general biology
1. Nucleus ... 2.Ribosomes... 3.Rough ER... 4.G…
Ribosomes ... Endoplasmic Reticulum ... Golg…
Chloroplast ... Mitochondria... Cell Wall
Vacuoles ... Vesicles ... Lysosomes ... Cytoske…
Trace the path of a protein
What organelles build proteins?
What organelles capture and release energy?
What organelles store products, clean up waste, and support t…
1. Nucleus ... 2.Ribosomes... 3.Rough ER... 4.G…
Trace the path of a protein
Ribosomes ... Endoplasmic Reticulum ... Golg…
What organelles build proteins?
General Biology Chapter 7
Cellular Respiration
ATP
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
collection of metabolic reactions that breaks down food molec…
forms in mitochondria as part of the reactions of cellular re…
-form of cellular respiration in eukaryotes and many prokaryo…
-Form of cellular respiration in some prokaryotes... -Molecule o…
Cellular Respiration
collection of metabolic reactions that breaks down food molec…
ATP
forms in mitochondria as part of the reactions of cellular re…
52 terms
General Biology Chapter 7
The double helix of DNA is composed of…
The rungs of the DNA ladder are formed…
In DNA molecules, ... A. cytosine pairs w…
The "Central Dogma" of molecular biolo…
E. Nucleotides
A. joined by covalent bonds.
D. adenine pairs with thymine.
E. the directional flow of genetic information in cells
The double helix of DNA is composed of…
E. Nucleotides
The rungs of the DNA ladder are formed…
A. joined by covalent bonds.
42 terms
General Biology Chapter 7
Organelles
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
DNA
"Little organs", cellular structures that act as if they are…
The fluid portion of the cell outside the nucleus
Skull of the cell, contain's cells DNA... Large membrane-enclose…
The brain of the cell; coded instructions for making proteins…
Organelles
"Little organs", cellular structures that act as if they are…
Cytoplasm
The fluid portion of the cell outside the nucleus
17 terms
General Biology Chapter 7*
____ is NOT needed for the light-depen…
____ take(s) place within the grana.
A correct equation for photosynthesis is
These reactions take place in the stro…
CO2
The light-dependent reactions
SUN + 6CO2 + 6H2O → C6H12O6 + 6O2
Light-independent
____ is NOT needed for the light-depen…
CO2
____ take(s) place within the grana.
The light-dependent reactions
15 terms
General Biology I Chapter 7
Properties of phospholipids and their…
What is meant by the fluid mosaic... model?
Describe the fluid properties of the c…
Describe how proteins and carbohydrate…
1.barrier about 8 nm thick, separates living... cell from its su…
1.hydrophilic regions... of proteins and... phospholipids are... in ma…
a. Membranes are fluid, weak , hydrophobic interactions hold…
The proteins act as transport molecules to move material in a…
Properties of phospholipids and their…
1.barrier about 8 nm thick, separates living... cell from its su…
What is meant by the fluid mosaic... model?
1.hydrophilic regions... of proteins and... phospholipids are... in ma…
15 terms
General Biology Chapter 7
Photosynthesis
Photosynthesis
Carbon dioxide
Cellular respiration
Process in which plants capture energy and make complex molec…
Creates oxygen
____ + water + Sunlight ---> Glucose and Oxygen
Breaks down food molecules to release energy. Happens in the…
Photosynthesis
Process in which plants capture energy and make complex molec…
Photosynthesis
Creates oxygen
48 terms
General Biology - Chapter 7
rough
hydrophobic
cytoskeleton
pores
ER with ribosomes attached to its surface
Tails of phospholipids that don't like water
Made of microtubules and microfilaments to give support to ce…
Openings in the nuclear membrane
rough
ER with ribosomes attached to its surface
hydrophobic
Tails of phospholipids that don't like water
36 terms
General Biology Chapter 7
Two copies of the same gene in a singl…
Explain two chromosomes in an individu…
A _______________ is a chart that show…
Humans have ______ pairs of homologous…
duplication
A chromosome alterations has occurred.
pedigree
23
Two copies of the same gene in a singl…
duplication
Explain two chromosomes in an individu…
A chromosome alterations has occurred.
7 terms
General Biology - Chapter 7 - List 2
Fossil Fuel
Global Warming
Industrialization
Nuclear Fuel
A fuel, such as coal and gas, that comes from the remains of…
An increase in Earth's average surface temperature caused by…
The process of converting an economy into one in which large-…
An energy source that results from splitting atoms
Fossil Fuel
A fuel, such as coal and gas, that comes from the remains of…
Global Warming
An increase in Earth's average surface temperature caused by…
57 terms
General Biology: Chapter 7
Phospholipids are ________ molecules,…
What model states that a membrane is a…
HIV must bind with the immune cell sur…
HIV cannot enter the cells of resistan…
Amphipathic; Hydrophobic & hydrophilic
Fluid Mosaic Model
CD4, CCR5
CCR5
Phospholipids are ________ molecules,…
Amphipathic; Hydrophobic & hydrophilic
What model states that a membrane is a…
Fluid Mosaic Model
19 terms
Chapter 7 General Bio
Autotroph
Photosynthesis
Producer
Heterotroph
organism that makes its own food
process by which plants use the sun's energy to convert water…
organism that makes his own food and produces organic molecul…
organism that obtains food by eating other organisms
Autotroph
organism that makes its own food
Photosynthesis
process by which plants use the sun's energy to convert water…
52 terms
General Biology Chapter 7
Kinetic Energy
Potential Energy
Energy
Thermodynamics
energy in motion
capacity to do work as a result of position or state
the capacity to do work... -expressed in kilojoules (KJ) OR Kilo…
study of energy and its transformations
Kinetic Energy
energy in motion
Potential Energy
capacity to do work as a result of position or state
72 terms
General Biology Chapter 7: The Membrane
The plasma membrane exhibits selective…
Phospholipids are the..
Amphipathic molecules
Amphipathic molecules Example:
allowing some substances to cross it more easily than others.
he most abundant lipid in the plasma membrane.
containing hydrophobic and hydrophilic regions
phospholipids
The plasma membrane exhibits selective…
allowing some substances to cross it more easily than others.
Phospholipids are the..
he most abundant lipid in the plasma membrane.
29 terms
General Biology 111 Chapter 7 Notes
PLASMA MEMBRANE:... Functions
PLASMA MEMBRANE:... Structure
MEMBRANE LIPIDS:
MEMBRANE PROTEINS:... Peripheral Proteins
protection from anything outside the cell; regulates transpor…
Phospholipid bilayer with hydropholic heads and hydrophobic t…
Phospholipids... Fatty Acids: contain more unsaturated fatty aci…
Proteins on the inside of the membrane; either attached or move
PLASMA MEMBRANE:... Functions
protection from anything outside the cell; regulates transpor…
PLASMA MEMBRANE:... Structure
Phospholipid bilayer with hydropholic heads and hydrophobic t…
20 terms
General Bio Chapter 7
Autotroph
Photosynthesis
Producers
Heterotrophs
Self-feeder
Plants use the sun's energy to convert water into carbon diox…
Produce organic molecules that serve as food for the organism…
Organisms that cannot make their own food, such as humans
Autotroph
Self-feeder
Photosynthesis
Plants use the sun's energy to convert water into carbon diox…
49 terms
Chapter 7, General Biology, Definitions and Concepts
Selective Permeability
Amphipathic
Fluid Mosaic Model
2 Major populations of proteins
Allows some substances to cross it more easily than others.
It has both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic region.
The membrane is a fluid structure with a "mosaic" of various…
1. Integral Proteins... 2. Peripheral Proteins
Selective Permeability
Allows some substances to cross it more easily than others.
Amphipathic
It has both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic region.
35 terms
General Biology Chapter 7 Vocab (Nicole Kortan)
cell
cell theory
eukaryotic cell
nucleus
the basic structual and functional unit of all living orgaini…
states 3 things:... 1. all living things are made of one or more…
contains a nucleus and other organelles that are bound by mem…
distinct central organelle that contains the cell's genetic m…
cell
the basic structual and functional unit of all living orgaini…
cell theory
states 3 things:... 1. all living things are made of one or more…
81 terms
General Biology 2: Chapter 7
What is the cell theory?
What are the 4 common characteristics…
What are the morphological features of…
What are the morphological features of…
All organisms consist of cells and all cells are derived from…
1. Nucleic Acids that store and transmit information... 2. Prote…
Prokaryotes do not have a membrane bound nucleus
Eukaryotes have a membrane bound nucleus
What is the cell theory?
All organisms consist of cells and all cells are derived from…
What are the 4 common characteristics…
1. Nucleic Acids that store and transmit information... 2. Prote…
21 terms
General Biology Campbell Chapter 7 NHCC
fermentation
aerobic respiration
cellular respiration
anaerobic respiration
partial degradation of sugars or other organic fuel that occu…
oxygen is consumed as a reactant along with the organic fuel
includes both areobic and anaerobic processes.
harvests chemical energy without oxygen
fermentation
partial degradation of sugars or other organic fuel that occu…
aerobic respiration
oxygen is consumed as a reactant along with the organic fuel
24 terms
General Chapter 7 Terms
Passive Transport
Diffusion
Osmosis
Active Transport
No ATP energy required.
The movement of a substance from a high concentration to a lo…
The diffusion of water.
The movement of a substance from a low concentration to a hig…
Passive Transport
No ATP energy required.
Diffusion
The movement of a substance from a high concentration to a lo…
General Biology chapter 7.1-7.2
The cell Theory
What did leeuwenhoek discover
What did hook discoverr?
Diffrence betwwen light microscope and…
1.All living things are made up of cells. ... 2.Cells are the b…
There's bacteria in the mouth
There are tiny chambers, called cells
Electronic microscope is 3D and cannot obsevre living organis…
The cell Theory
1.All living things are made up of cells. ... 2.Cells are the b…
What did leeuwenhoek discover
There's bacteria in the mouth
62 terms
general Biology 1115 Langara college Chapter 7
What is Catabolism ?
What is Anabolism?
What happens during cellular respirati…
how many stages are in cellular respir…
Set of chemical reactions that break down molecules into smal…
a set of chemical reactions that builds molecules from smalle…
During cellular respiration fuel molecules such as glucose, f…
There are four stages in cellular respiration... Glycolysis (cyt…
What is Catabolism ?
Set of chemical reactions that break down molecules into smal…
What is Anabolism?
a set of chemical reactions that builds molecules from smalle…
66 terms
General Biology I Chapter 7 - Cellular Respiration
What is cellular respiration?
What is the chemical formula for cellu…
What is an autotroph?
What is a heterotroph?
• The process in which sugars (glucose) are converted into us…
• C6H12O6 + 6O2 → 6H2O + 6CO2 + energy out... • Glucose + oxygen…
• ("self-feeders") Harvest the energy of sunlight through pho…
("fed by others") Live on the organic compounds autotrophs pr…
What is cellular respiration?
• The process in which sugars (glucose) are converted into us…
What is the chemical formula for cellu…
• C6H12O6 + 6O2 → 6H2O + 6CO2 + energy out... • Glucose + oxygen…
23 terms
General Biology 1 Exam- Chapter 7
The order of the cell walls contents
Plasmodesmata
What is outside animal cells
ECM
1. Secondary Cell Wall... 2. Primary Cell wall ... 3.Middle Lamella
channels that connect cytosol of plant cells
Extracellular Matrix (ECM)
Proteins and Carbohydrates
The order of the cell walls contents
1. Secondary Cell Wall... 2. Primary Cell wall ... 3.Middle Lamella
Plasmodesmata
channels that connect cytosol of plant cells
79 terms
General Biology Chapter 3
1. List and describe four characterist…
2. What are the three main principles…
3. Compare and contrast prokaryotic an…
What are three main parts of eukaryoti…
...
1. all living organisms are made up of one or more cells and…
plasma membrane/cell wall, cytoplasm, organelles
1. List and describe four characterist…
...
2. What are the three main principles…
1. all living organisms are made up of one or more cells and…
12 terms
Biology Chapter 7
cell wall
cell membrane
chloroplasts
chromatin
found in plant but not animal cells, a thick, rigid, mesh of…
found in both plant and animal cells and consisting of a phos…
found in plant but not animal cells, they contain pigments th…
a complex mass of DNA attached to protein that is found in th…
cell wall
found in plant but not animal cells, a thick, rigid, mesh of…
cell membrane
found in both plant and animal cells and consisting of a phos…
32 terms
General Biology Chap 7
Selective Permeability
Fluid Mosaic model
Peripheral Proteins
Integral proteins
allowing some substances to cross the plasma membrane more ea…
membrane structure consists of phospholipids arranged in a bi…
bound to the membrane surface
penetrate the hydrophobic core
Selective Permeability
allowing some substances to cross the plasma membrane more ea…
Fluid Mosaic model
membrane structure consists of phospholipids arranged in a bi…
45 terms
Biology Chapter 7
Cells
Robert Hooke
Cell Theory
Spontaneous Generation
basic building block of life
credited for discovering and naming the cell
all living organisms have a or cells; cells are the basic uni…
prospect that life can come from no life
Cells
basic building block of life
Robert Hooke
credited for discovering and naming the cell
107 terms
General Biology Chapter 2
What are atoms and elements?
What are elements?
What is the difference between atoms a…
Which elements are most abundant in o…
a bit of matter that cannot be subdivided any further without…
a substance that cannot be broken down chemically into any ot…
an element will stay an element until the tiny pieces can no…
Oxygen, Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen and they make up more than…
What are atoms and elements?
a bit of matter that cannot be subdivided any further without…
What are elements?
a substance that cannot be broken down chemically into any ot…
15 terms
General Science Chapter 7 Vocabulary
Concave lens
Concave mirror
Convex len
Convex mirror
A lens that is thinner in the middle than at the edges
A mirror with a surface that curves inward
A lens that is thicker in the middle than at the edges
A mirror with a surface that curves outward
Concave lens
A lens that is thinner in the middle than at the edges
Concave mirror
A mirror with a surface that curves inward
19 terms
Biology Chapter 7
xylem
phloem
annual growth ring
petiole
The vascular tissue in plants that carries water and minerals…
The vascular tissue in plants that carries food from leaves t…
Ring in a tree trunk formed by the growth of wood in layers.
The stalk that attaches a leaf to a stem.
xylem
The vascular tissue in plants that carries water and minerals…
phloem
The vascular tissue in plants that carries food from leaves t…
15 terms
Chapter 7 Biology
Cilia
Ribosome
Plasma membrane
Cell
short, numerous projections that look like hairs. They help t…
site where cells produce proteins
flexible boundary between a cell and its environment, helps t…
basic unit of life
Cilia
short, numerous projections that look like hairs. They help t…
Ribosome
site where cells produce proteins
53 terms
General Biology Chapter 4
How does energy flows from the sun and…
How photosynthesis uses energy from su…
Plants photosynthesize to make their o…
Photosynthesis takes place within the
Energy flows through photosynthesis and cellular respiration
Plants capture energy from the sun and store it in the chemic…
CO2+H2O+sun = C6H12O6+O2... carbon dioxide+water+sun= glucose+ox…
chloroplast
How does energy flows from the sun and…
Energy flows through photosynthesis and cellular respiration
How photosynthesis uses energy from su…
Plants capture energy from the sun and store it in the chemic…
37 terms
Chapter 7 General Term
abductor
adductor
amputation
antagonist
muscle that on contraction draws away from the middle
muscle that draws a part toward the middle
surgical or traumatic removal of a limb, part or other append…
muscle that counteracts the action of another muscle
abductor
muscle that on contraction draws away from the middle
adductor
muscle that draws a part toward the middle
Biology Chapter 7
diffusion
equilibrium
facilitated diffusion
osmosis
net movement of particles from an area where there are many p…
molecules and ions continue to move and collide but no change…
transport of ions and small molecules across the plasma membr…
diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
diffusion
net movement of particles from an area where there are many p…
equilibrium
molecules and ions continue to move and collide but no change…
24 terms
Chapter 7 - el cuerpo, general sports terms
el pie
la pierna
la rodilla
la mano
el pie
la pierna
21 terms
General Psychology Chapter 7
First Stage of Memory
-Briefly holds "Sensory" Information a…
Second Stage of Memory
-Processes Conscious Experience... -Small…
Sensory Memory
Sensory Memory
Short-Term Memory (STM) OR Working Memory
Short- Term Memory (STM) OR Working Memory
First Stage of Memory
Sensory Memory
-Briefly holds "Sensory" Information a…
Sensory Memory
38 terms
General Biology Chapter 7 (DNA Structure and Gene Function)
Nucleotide Structure
DNA Structure
DNA is single or double stranded?
The OH group for DNA is on which carbon?
Double
3'
Nucleotide Structure
DNA Structure
35 terms
Biology Chapter 7: Spanish
Cell: célula
Cell Theory: Teoría celular
Plasma Membrane: Membrana de plasma
Organelle: orgánulos
Unidad básica de la estructura y organización de todos los or…
1. establece que los organismos están hechos de una o más cél…
flexibles límite, selectivamente permeable que ayuda a contro…
Especializada estructura celular interna que lleva a cabo las…
Cell: célula
Unidad básica de la estructura y organización de todos los or…
Cell Theory: Teoría celular
1. establece que los organismos están hechos de una o más cél…
19 terms
Biology Chapter 7: The Cell
Three components of the "cell theory"…
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
Ribosomes
1. All living things are composed of cells.... 2. Cells are the…
This is the boundary between the inside and the outside fo th…
This organelle is the control center for the cell and houses…
This is the part of the cell where proteins are made or assem…
Three components of the "cell theory"…
1. All living things are composed of cells.... 2. Cells are the…
Cell Membrane
This is the boundary between the inside and the outside fo th…
19 terms
Biology Chapter 7: The Cell
Three components of the "cell theory"…
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
Ribosomes
1. All living things are composed of cells.... 2. Cells are the…
This is the boundary between the inside and the outside fo th…
This organelle is the control center for the cell and houses…
This is the part of the cell where proteins are made or assem…
Three components of the "cell theory"…
1. All living things are composed of cells.... 2. Cells are the…
Cell Membrane
This is the boundary between the inside and the outside fo th…
13 terms
Biology Chapter 7 Review
Biology Ch. 7 Review
what type of genetic inheritance are b…
incomplete dominance
recessive disorder is
...
Multiple alleles - more that 2 alleles are available for that…
Red and white flowers can produce pink flowers... RR-red ... R'R'-w…
expressed ONLY when an individual is homozygous recessive for…
Biology Ch. 7 Review
...
what type of genetic inheritance are b…
Multiple alleles - more that 2 alleles are available for that…
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