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Study sets matching "general biology"

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Study sets matching "general biology"

11 terms
General Biology
Dependent (Responding) Variable
Independent (Manipulated) Variable
Hypothesis
Experiment
The measured effect, outcome, or response in which the resear…
The variable that is varied or changed (manipulated) by the r…
A clear prediction of the anticipated results of an experimen…
A research study conducted to determine the effect that a var…
Dependent (Responding) Variable
The measured effect, outcome, or response in which the resear…
Independent (Manipulated) Variable
The variable that is varied or changed (manipulated) by the r…
79 terms
General Biology Chapter 3
1. List and describe four characterist…
2. What are the three main principles…
3. Compare and contrast prokaryotic an…
What are three main parts of eukaryoti…
...
1. all living organisms are made up of one or more cells and…
plasma membrane/cell wall, cytoplasm, organelles
1. List and describe four characterist…
...
2. What are the three main principles…
1. all living organisms are made up of one or more cells and…
31 terms
Unit 2 General Biology
Cell Theory
Prokaryotic Cell
Eukaryotic Cell
Concentration Gradient
idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
A cell that lacks a nucleus and other membrane-bounded organe…
An organism whose cells contain a nucleus surrounded by a mem…
Difference in solute concentrations between two adjacent regi…
Cell Theory
idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
Prokaryotic Cell
A cell that lacks a nucleus and other membrane-bounded organe…
144 terms
Biology general
structure of animal cell
function of nucleus
function of cytoplasm
function of the cell membrane
nucleus, cytoplasm, cell membrane, mitochondria, ribosomes
controls activities of cells
where most chemical reactions take place
Controls the passage of substances into and out of the cell
structure of animal cell
nucleus, cytoplasm, cell membrane, mitochondria, ribosomes
function of nucleus
controls activities of cells
12 terms
General Biology
Mitochondria
Chloroplast
Ribosome
Lactic Acid/Fermentation
An organelle in which the biochemical processes of respiratio…
Green plastid the contains chlorophyll in which photosynthesi…
Site of protein synthesis
A biological process by which sugars such as glucose, fructos…
Mitochondria
An organelle in which the biochemical processes of respiratio…
Chloroplast
Green plastid the contains chlorophyll in which photosynthesi…
107 terms
General Biology Chapter 2
What are atoms and elements?
What are elements?
What is the difference between atoms a…
Which elements are most abundant in o…
a bit of matter that cannot be subdivided any further without…
a substance that cannot be broken down chemically into any ot…
an element will stay an element until the tiny pieces can no…
Oxygen, Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen and they make up more than…
What are atoms and elements?
a bit of matter that cannot be subdivided any further without…
What are elements?
a substance that cannot be broken down chemically into any ot…
153 terms
General Biology
Cell
cell theory
Cell wall
Chlorophyll
the basic units of living organisms
a theory that is made up three ideas
a fairly rigid structure located outside the plasma membrane…
the green pigment that gives leaves and stems there color
Cell
the basic units of living organisms
cell theory
a theory that is made up three ideas
53 terms
General Biology Chapter 4
How does energy flows from the sun and…
How photosynthesis uses energy from su…
Plants photosynthesize to make their o…
Photosynthesis takes place within the
Energy flows through photosynthesis and cellular respiration
Plants capture energy from the sun and store it in the chemic…
CO2+H2O+sun = C6H12O6+O2... carbon dioxide+water+sun= glucose+ox…
chloroplast
How does energy flows from the sun and…
Energy flows through photosynthesis and cellular respiration
How photosynthesis uses energy from su…
Plants capture energy from the sun and store it in the chemic…
25 terms
General Biology - Cell Diagrams
golgi body
cell membrane
rough ER
mitochondria
golgi body
cell membrane
16 terms
General Biology
hypothesis
inference
independent variable
theory
A tentative statement that proposes a possible explanation to…
A logical interpretation based on prior knowledge and experie…
A condition or factor that the scientist changes or manipulat…
A well-tested explanation that unifies a broad range of expla…
hypothesis
A tentative statement that proposes a possible explanation to…
inference
A logical interpretation based on prior knowledge and experie…
17 terms
General Biology - Cell Vocab
prokaryotic
eukaryotic
cell membrane
ribosomes
cell lacking a nucleus and most other organelles example is b…
has a nucleus and many cell parts (all cells but bacteria)
outercover, a boundary it controls what come in and out
site of protein synthesis
prokaryotic
cell lacking a nucleus and most other organelles example is b…
eukaryotic
has a nucleus and many cell parts (all cells but bacteria)
General Biology
Eukaryotic
Prokaryotic
cell wall
cytoplasm
a cell that has a well-defined nucleus bound by a nuclear mem…
lack well defined membrane-bound nuclei, full complement of t…
largely of carbohydrates, found on the cells of many organism…
house organelles
Eukaryotic
a cell that has a well-defined nucleus bound by a nuclear mem…
Prokaryotic
lack well defined membrane-bound nuclei, full complement of t…
218 terms
General Biology
protonema (protonemata)
protonephridium (protonephridia)
proton-motive force
protoplast
a mass of green, branched, one-cell-thick filaments produced…
an excretory system, such as the flame bulb system of flatwor…
the potential energy stored in the form of a proton electroch…
the living part of a plant cell, which also includes the plas…
protonema (protonemata)
a mass of green, branched, one-cell-thick filaments produced…
protonephridium (protonephridia)
an excretory system, such as the flame bulb system of flatwor…
38 terms
General Biology
Community
Symbiosis
Mutualism
Parasitism
All species living in an area (plants, animals, fungi, bacter…
two individuals of different species with a relationship
-most common type of symbiosis: ... -both species benefit
-type of symbiosis ... -1 species benefits, the other is harmed
Community
All species living in an area (plants, animals, fungi, bacter…
Symbiosis
two individuals of different species with a relationship
13 terms
General Biology
autotroph
hetretroph
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
an organism that makes its own food
an organism that cannot make its own food
the reproduction process that involve one parent and produces…
the reproductive processes that involves two parents who comb…
autotroph
an organism that makes its own food
hetretroph
an organism that cannot make its own food
74 terms
General Biology
central dogma
transcription termination
role of hairpin
exons
DNA-RNA-PROTEIN
signal codes for hairpin
causes RNA strand to separate from polymerase
expressed
central dogma
DNA-RNA-PROTEIN
transcription termination
signal codes for hairpin
76 terms
General Biology
Living Things are Organized.
The Characteristics of Life
Small molecules ... Large molecules... Cell... Tissues... Organ... Organ sys…
Living things respond to stimuli.... Living things maintain an i…
Living Things are Organized.
Small molecules ... Large molecules... Cell... Tissues... Organ... Organ sys…
The Characteristics of Life
Living things respond to stimuli.... Living things maintain an i…
22 terms
General Biology
Photosynthesis
Cellular repiration
Facilitated Diffusion
Membrane Potential
Light + Carbon Dioxide+ Water = Oxygen+ gulcose
(aerobic) uses oxygen from the environment to break down gluc…
channels proteins and carrier proteins
holds potential energy, uses this for the process of proteins…
Photosynthesis
Light + Carbon Dioxide+ Water = Oxygen+ gulcose
Cellular repiration
(aerobic) uses oxygen from the environment to break down gluc…
12 terms
General Biology Quizlet
Xylem
Green
Right Atrium
Antibody
Vascular tubes in plants that transport water and dissolved m…
The colour of light that leaves tend to reflect.
The location of the SA node (pacemaker).
Name this structure.
Xylem
Vascular tubes in plants that transport water and dissolved m…
Green
The colour of light that leaves tend to reflect.
15 terms
General biology
eukaryotic cell
prokaryotic cell
gene
nucleotides
A type of cell with a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membrane-…
A type of cell lacking a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membra…
A discrete unit of hereditary information consisting of a spe…
A DNA molecule is made up of two long chains, called strands,…
eukaryotic cell
A type of cell with a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membrane-…
prokaryotic cell
A type of cell lacking a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membra…
20 terms
General Biology (Cell Structures)
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Nucleolus
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
Gel-like fluid where the organelles are found
Contains DNA
Found inside the nucleus and produces ribosomes
Cell Membrane
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
Cytoplasm
Gel-like fluid where the organelles are found
102 terms
general biology test 1
biology
life
scientific method
natural laws
...
...
...
...
biology
...
life
...
38 terms
Unit 4 General Biology
Chromosome
Cell Division
Mitosis
Meiosis
thread-like structures made of DNA molecules that contain the…
that is the process of parent cell divides into two or more d…
cell division in which the nucleus divides into nuclei contai…
cell division that results in four daughter cells each with h…
Chromosome
thread-like structures made of DNA molecules that contain the…
Cell Division
that is the process of parent cell divides into two or more d…
72 terms
General Biology
What is evolution? Why might it be con…
Explain some of the early ideas about…
Explain how natural selection (a mecha…
Evolution
Evolution is considered the single greatest unifying theory i…
Plato claimed that every organism was an example of a perfect…
The process by which individuals with certain heritable trait…
The theory that all organisms on Earth are related by common…
What is evolution? Why might it be con…
Evolution is considered the single greatest unifying theory i…
Explain some of the early ideas about…
Plato claimed that every organism was an example of a perfect…
48 terms
General Biology Exam 3
Homozygous
Heterozygous
Gregor Mendel
F1 Generation
An organism that has two identical alleles for a specific trait
An organism that has two different alleles for a specific tra…
Father of Genetics, studied pea plants and used math and prob…
the first generation of offspring obtained from an experiment…
Homozygous
An organism that has two identical alleles for a specific trait
Heterozygous
An organism that has two different alleles for a specific tra…
48 terms
General Biology Chapter 2
Matter
Element
Element
Compound
Anything that has weight (mass) and takes up space (volume)
Chemical substances that are made up of collections of only o…
A kind of matter that consists of a specific number of atoms…
Matter
Anything that has weight (mass) and takes up space (volume)
Element
Chemical substances that are made up of collections of only o…
52 terms
General Biology Chapter 1
What is science?
What is biology?
What is biological literacy?
Why is it important?
an intellectual activity, encompassing observation, descripti…
The study of living things
the ability to (1) use the process of scientific inquiry to t…
Because it matters to you personally to make wise decisions f…
What is science?
an intellectual activity, encompassing observation, descripti…
What is biology?
The study of living things
11 terms
General Biology - DNA Vocabulary
DNA
nucleotide
Chargaff's Rules
Rosalind Franklin
a long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell and form…
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
A=T; C=G equal amounts in DNA result in complementary pairs.
British scientist; use X-ray diffraction on a DNA molecule; r…
DNA
a long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell and form…
nucleotide
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
74 terms
General Biology Midterm
hypothesis
independent variable
dependent variable
control
an educated guess expressed as an If/then statement, often fo…
the variable that is being tested in the experiment. It is th…
the variable that responds to the independent variable. The d…
a non-experimental group; one in which you do not change the…
hypothesis
an educated guess expressed as an If/then statement, often fo…
independent variable
the variable that is being tested in the experiment. It is th…
16 terms
General Biology - Classification Vocabulary
tissue
colony
cladogram
domain
A group of similar cells that perform the same function.
A population of cells arising from a single cell or spore or…
A diagram that is based on patterns of shared, derived traits…
1st Taxonomy rank
tissue
A group of similar cells that perform the same function.
colony
A population of cells arising from a single cell or spore or…
11 terms
General Biology
Dependent (Responding) Variable
Independent (Manipulated) Variable
Hypothesis
Experiment
The measured effect, outcome, or response in which the resear…
The variable that is varied or changed (manipulated) by the r…
A clear prediction of the anticipated results of an experimen…
A research study conducted to determine the effect that a var…
Dependent (Responding) Variable
The measured effect, outcome, or response in which the resear…
Independent (Manipulated) Variable
The variable that is varied or changed (manipulated) by the r…
41 terms
Biology General
bacteria
archaea
eukarya
evolve
n. 细菌
古细菌
真核生物
演变
bacteria
n. 细菌
archaea
古细菌
20 terms
Chapter 9- General Biology
Meiosis
karyotype
autosomes
sex chromosomes
nuclear division that is important in sexual reproduction
chromosomes arranged in pairs according to shape, size and ge…
any chromosomes other than the sex determining pair
Chromosome that determines the sex of the individual
Meiosis
nuclear division that is important in sexual reproduction
karyotype
chromosomes arranged in pairs according to shape, size and ge…
8 terms
General Biology
Carrying ... Capacity
Deforestataion
Direct ... Harvesting
Energy Flow
The largest population of any single species that an area can…
Forest destruction that results from human activity
The destruction of an organism, or the removal of an organism…
The movement of energy through an ecosystem
Carrying ... Capacity
The largest population of any single species that an area can…
Deforestataion
Forest destruction that results from human activity
15 terms
General Biology - Membrane Vocabulary
semi-permeable
homeostasis
phospholipid
polar
membranes that allow some substances through but not others
Process by which organisms maintain a relatively stable inter…
A lipid that contains phosphorus and that is a structural com…
Describes a molecule with opposite charges on opposite ends.
semi-permeable
membranes that allow some substances through but not others
homeostasis
Process by which organisms maintain a relatively stable inter…
64 terms
General Biology
Adaptation
Atom
Bacteria
Biology
A characteristic of form, function, behavior or development t…
The smallest unit of matter that remains the properties of an…
One of the two prokaryotic domains of life; the most diverse…
The scientific study of life.
Adaptation
A characteristic of form, function, behavior or development t…
Atom
The smallest unit of matter that remains the properties of an…
9 terms
General Biology
Atom:
Element:
Molecule:
Valence Electron:
make up everything
pure substance
group of atoms bonded together
Electrons on the out shell
Atom:
make up everything
Element:
pure substance
422 terms
General Biology
Plant Cell
Animal Cell
X) cell wall
W) wing of a bat and the arm of a human
What type of cell is this?
What type of cell is this?
Which of the following is NOT a structure found in human cell…
Which of the following are homologous structures: ... W) wing of…
Plant Cell
What type of cell is this?
Animal Cell
What type of cell is this?
Respiratory System: General Biology
Respiration
Cellular Respiration
External Respiration
Internal Respiration
gas exchange
the breakdown of food molecules to produce ATP in cells. This…
the exchange of gases (O2 and CO2) between AIR and the BLOOD
the exchange of gases (O2 and CO2) between BLOOD and TISSUE F…
Respiration
gas exchange
Cellular Respiration
the breakdown of food molecules to produce ATP in cells. This…
8 terms
General Biology
Microbiology
Zoology
Botany
Bacteriology
the branch of biology dealing with the structure, function, u…
the animal life of a particular region.
the biology of a plant or plant group.
the study of bacteria.
Microbiology
the branch of biology dealing with the structure, function, u…
Zoology
the animal life of a particular region.
23 terms
General Biology - Bacteria Vocabulary
prokaryote
eukaryote
archaeabacteria
eubacteria
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane boun…
A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
a kingdom made up of prokaryotes (most of which are known to…
A kingdom that contains all prokaryotes except archaebacteria
prokaryote
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane boun…
eukaryote
A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
15 terms
General Biology - Biochemistry Vocab
valence
polymer
monomer
glucose
Electrons in the outermost energy level of an atom
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
A simple compound whose molecules can join together to form p…
A simple sugar that is an important source of energy.
valence
Electrons in the outermost energy level of an atom
polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
15 terms
General Biology - Virus Vocabulary
virus
capsid
RNA and DNA
viral envelope
A strand of hereditary material surrounded by a protein coating
Outer protein coat of a virus
nucleic acids found in a virus
A membrane that cloaks the capsid that in turn encloses a vir…
virus
A strand of hereditary material surrounded by a protein coating
capsid
Outer protein coat of a virus
16 terms
biology in general
what is active transport?
what is osmosis?
The circulatory system and the heart
what is transpiration?
active transport allows cells to move substances from an area…
Osmosis is the movement of water from a less concentrated sol…
your heart pumps 70 times a minute. the walls of your heart a…
the stomata on the surface of the leaf can be open and closed…
what is active transport?
active transport allows cells to move substances from an area…
what is osmosis?
Osmosis is the movement of water from a less concentrated sol…
25 terms
General biology
Hippocrates
Alcmaeon
Aristotle
Theophratus
Father of modern medicine
First scientist know to practised DISSECTION
Scientific zoology in his reliance on careful obs.
Pupil of aristotle.
Hippocrates
Father of modern medicine
Alcmaeon
First scientist know to practised DISSECTION
53 terms
General Biology II 1232k Protists
Yes
Multicellular
Algae
Colonial
Do all protists have eukaryotic cells? (Y/N)
Organisms with many cells, each with a specialized role.
Photosynthetic protists
Organisms with many cells that cooperate and often specialize…
Yes
Do all protists have eukaryotic cells? (Y/N)
Multicellular
Organisms with many cells, each with a specialized role.
72 terms
General Biology - Ecology
ecology
biotic
abiotic
organism
Science dealing with the relation of living things to their e…
All the living organisms that inhabit an environment.
Any nonliving component of an environment
individual living thing
ecology
Science dealing with the relation of living things to their e…
biotic
All the living organisms that inhabit an environment.
9 terms
General Biology - Meiosis Vocabulary
homologs
diploid
haploid
gamete
corresponding chromosomes from each parent
(2N) two sets of homologous chromosomes found in each body cell
(1N) one set of chromosomes found in sex cells
sex cell (egg or sperm)
homologs
corresponding chromosomes from each parent
diploid
(2N) two sets of homologous chromosomes found in each body cell
26 terms
general biology
phospholipid
fluid mosaic model
fluid
peripheral protein
the most abundant lipid in the plasma membrane
(a term) states that membrane is a fluid structure with vario…
membranes rich is unsaturated fatty acids are more (fluid/sol…
bound to the surface of the membrane
phospholipid
the most abundant lipid in the plasma membrane
fluid mosaic model
(a term) states that membrane is a fluid structure with vario…
118 terms
General Biology
What is Life?
Miller-Urey Experiment
Matter
Chemical Elements
Respond to stimulus, reproduce, consume energy/eliminate wast…
Involved water, electrodes, condenser, fire, and chemicals. S…
Any substance that has mass and occupies space.
Substances that cannot be broken down to any other substance…
What is Life?
Respond to stimulus, reproduce, consume energy/eliminate wast…
Miller-Urey Experiment
Involved water, electrodes, condenser, fire, and chemicals. S…
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