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Study sets matching "general chem mr mitchell"

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Study sets matching "general chem mr mitchell"

12 terms
Chemistry Vocab (Mr. Mitchell)
Chemistry
Matter
Volume
Physical Property
The study of the composition of matter and the changes that i…
Anything that has mass and occupies space.
A measure of the space occupied by a sample of matter.
A quality or condition of a substance that can be observed or…
Chemistry
The study of the composition of matter and the changes that i…
Matter
Anything that has mass and occupies space.
38 terms
Chemistry 1st semester mr Mitchell
Chemical
Organic chemistry
Matter
Inorganic chemistry
Any substance that has a defined composition
Study of carbon molecules
Anything Tht has a mass and takes up space
Concerned with the properties and behaviours of inorganic com…
Chemical
Any substance that has a defined composition
Organic chemistry
Study of carbon molecules
8 terms
chemistry--unit 10 (Mrs. Mitchell)
1. Avogadro's Principle
2. Boyle's Law
3. Charles' Law
4. Combined Gas Law
The principle stating that equal volumes of all gases under i…
For a fixed amount of an ideal gas kept at a fixed temperatur…
the volume of a fixed mass of gas that is held at a constant…
the ratio of the product of pressure and volume and the absol…
1. Avogadro's Principle
The principle stating that equal volumes of all gases under i…
2. Boyle's Law
For a fixed amount of an ideal gas kept at a fixed temperatur…
44 terms
Mr. Hammerand's General Chemistry Periodic Table
Hydrogen
Lithium
Boron
Nitrogen
H
Li
B
N
Hydrogen
H
Lithium
Li
65 terms
Chemistry notes Mrs. Reid/Mrs. Ellison inorganic/general chemistry
Atom ( unit of matter)
why are atoms neutral
neutron
proton
Electrons... Protons... neutrons
It is because there are the same number of electrons and prot…
Mass:1 amu... Charge: 0
Mass: 1 amu... Charge: +1
Atom ( unit of matter)
Electrons... Protons... neutrons
why are atoms neutral
It is because there are the same number of electrons and prot…
33 terms
Mr Rush Chem 1 General Chemistry Vocab Chapter 1
Celsius Scale
Chemical properties
Chemistry
Compounds
The temperature scale on which the freezing point of water is…
Describes the ways a substance may react to form other substa…
The part of science that examines the properties and behavior…
Substances that are composed of 2 or more elements combined c…
Celsius Scale
The temperature scale on which the freezing point of water is…
Chemical properties
Describes the ways a substance may react to form other substa…
19 terms
Mr.Desantis 8th grade living environment: Spontaneous generation, Heterotrophs, Autotrophs, Aerobic, Anaerobic, Chemistry of life, Structure of DNA, Protein synthesis, Transcription, tRNA, mRNA, Cell membrane, Translation, and more
What is Spontaneous Generation?
Who proved Spontaneous Generation wrong?
What are Heterotrophs and Autotrophs?
What are Aerobic and Anaerobic?
The mistaken idea that living things could arise from a non-l…
Francesco Redi- His experiment was simple; get two jars, put…
Heterotroph- Dosen't produce its own food.(humans)... Autotroph-…
Aerobic- Something that needs oxygen to ... survive. (humans)... An…
What is Spontaneous Generation?
The mistaken idea that living things could arise from a non-l…
Who proved Spontaneous Generation wrong?
Francesco Redi- His experiment was simple; get two jars, put…
140 terms
Chemistry
acid
acidic
anion
anode
compound that gives off H+ ions in solution
describes a solution with a high concentration of H+ ions
ions with a negative charge
the electrode where electrons are lost (oxidized) in redox re…
acid
compound that gives off H+ ions in solution
acidic
describes a solution with a high concentration of H+ ions
10 terms
The Branches of Chemistry
Biochemistry
Organic Chemistry
Inorganic Chemistry
Analytic Chemistry
The Chemistry of Living organisms
The study of all chemicals containing carbon
The study of substances that do not contain carbon
The area of chemistry that focuses on the composition of matter
Biochemistry
The Chemistry of Living organisms
Organic Chemistry
The study of all chemicals containing carbon
84 terms
Chemistry
count, mass, volume
mole
representative particle
the relation of atomic mass of an elem…
3 ways to measure the amount of something
a unit of measuring the amount of a substance
the species present in a substance...usually atoms, molecules…
the atomic mass of an element expressed in grams is the mass…
count, mass, volume
3 ways to measure the amount of something
mole
a unit of measuring the amount of a substance
30 terms
Chemistry
MATTER
MOLECULE
MASS
DENSITY
ANYTHING THAT HAS MASS AND TAKES UP SPACE
GROUP OF TWO OR MORE ATOMS HELD TOGETHER BY CHEMICAL BONDS
AMOUNT OF MATTER IN AN OBJECT
AMOUNT OF MASS IN A GIVEN VOLUME
MATTER
ANYTHING THAT HAS MASS AND TAKES UP SPACE
MOLECULE
GROUP OF TWO OR MORE ATOMS HELD TOGETHER BY CHEMICAL BONDS
21 terms
Life Science 7: The Science of Heredity for Mr. Mitchell and Ms. Edwards
heredity
trait
genetics
fertilization
the passing of traits from parents to offspring.
a specific characteristic that an organism can pass to its of…
the scientific study of heredity.
the process in sexual reproduction in which an egg cell and a…
heredity
the passing of traits from parents to offspring.
trait
a specific characteristic that an organism can pass to its of…
60 terms
Unit 3 General Chemistry Terms
Inference
Ion
Qualitative observation
Homogeneous mixture
Attempt to put meaning into an observation. Conclusion based…
Atom or group of atoms with a positive or negative charge. ie…
Non-numerical data based on visual observations, or smell, or…
Looks like its pure, but it is separable by physical means. i…
Inference
Attempt to put meaning into an observation. Conclusion based…
Ion
Atom or group of atoms with a positive or negative charge. ie…
22 terms
Chemistry
Molecules
Density
atom
mixture
Incredibly small units of matter
The amount of mass contained in a sample divided by the volum…
smallest particle of an element with the qualities of that el…
Two or more substances that are mixed together but not chemic…
Molecules
Incredibly small units of matter
Density
The amount of mass contained in a sample divided by the volum…
44 terms
BMS - Stars Unit Review - Mitchell
Red Giant
Red Super Giant
Nebula
Protostar
when the outer layers of a low mass star expand
when the outer layers of a high mass star expand
cloud of dust and gas where stars are formed
a new star
Red Giant
when the outer layers of a low mass star expand
Red Super Giant
when the outer layers of a high mass star expand
109 terms
CH.1 & CH.2 - College General Chemistry - terms and misc
What is Chemistry
Macroscopic
Microscopic
Organic Chemistry
The study of Matter and the changes it undergoes. Called the…
Related to chemistry - Observation/experience of the world/ph…
Related to chemistry - Cannot be experienced without the aid…
A chemistry subdiscipline involving the scientific study of t…
What is Chemistry
The study of Matter and the changes it undergoes. Called the…
Macroscopic
Related to chemistry - Observation/experience of the world/ph…
20 terms
Chemistry Lab Equiment
beaker
Erlenmeyer flask
Florence flask
graduated cylinder
measures liquid volume
beaker
Erlenmeyer flask
30 terms
Review for General Chemistry Final
Matter
Element
Substance
Compound
What is anything that takes up space and has mass?
This is only one type of atom and can not be broken down.
What is matter that has the same composition and properties t…
2 or more elements or atoms chemically bonded
Matter
What is anything that takes up space and has mass?
Element
This is only one type of atom and can not be broken down.
46 terms
mr mitchell chapter 14
age of absolutism
divine right theory
Hapsburgs started with
hapsburgs countries
a time when rulers took and maintained total power... - enlighte…
a belief that a king or queen was put in that position by god
king Ferdinand and queen Isabella
spain an austria
age of absolutism
a time when rulers took and maintained total power... - enlighte…
divine right theory
a belief that a king or queen was put in that position by god
35 terms
Chemistry Lab Equipment Mr. Putnam
safety goggles
triple beam balance
spatula
erlenmeyer flask
Protects the eyes from flying objects or chemical splashes
Instrument used to measure mass
Moves small amounts of solid matter
Container that holds liquids (measured in ml)
safety goggles
Protects the eyes from flying objects or chemical splashes
triple beam balance
Instrument used to measure mass
52 terms
Mr. Wible's Polyatomic Ions
Acetate
Bisulfate or Hydrogen Sulfate
Bicarbonate or Hydrogen Carbonate
Perchlorate
C2H3O2 -1
HSO4 -1
HCO3 -1
ClO4 -1
Acetate
C2H3O2 -1
Bisulfate or Hydrogen Sulfate
HSO4 -1
23 terms
Chemistry - Describing Matter and Changes in Matter
Matter
Chemistry
Substance
Physical Property
Anything that has mass and takes up space
The study of properties of matter and how matter changes
A single kind of matter that ALWAYS has a *specific composi…
A characteristic of a pure substance that can be observed *WI…
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Chemistry
The study of properties of matter and how matter changes
24 terms
Chemistry Chapter 3 Vocab
states of matter
solid
liquid
gas
the physical forms in which all matter naturally exists on Ea…
a form of matter that has its own definite shape and volume,…
a form of matter that flows, has constant volume, and takes t…
a form of matter that flows to conform to the shape of its co…
states of matter
the physical forms in which all matter naturally exists on Ea…
solid
a form of matter that has its own definite shape and volume,…
19 terms
Chemistry Section 5.2: Chemical Families, 5.3: Periodic Trends
Metalloid
Period
Group
Main-group elements
the set of elements that separate the metals from the nonmeta…
a row on the periodic table
a column on the periodic table, also known as a chemical fami…
the elements found in an A group (groups 1,2 and 13-18) on th…
Metalloid
the set of elements that separate the metals from the nonmeta…
Period
a row on the periodic table
32 terms
Chemistry
Chemical Properties
Physical Properties
Chemical Change
Physical Change
Characteristics of a substance that determine how it will rea…
Characteristics of matter, such as color, odor, taste, boilin…
A change in matter that produces one or more new substances
A change in a substance that does not involve a change in the…
Chemical Properties
Characteristics of a substance that determine how it will rea…
Physical Properties
Characteristics of matter, such as color, odor, taste, boilin…
22 terms
Chemistry Chapter 6 The Periodic Table and Periodic Law
Atomic Number
periodic law
group
period
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
the law that states that the repeating chemical and physical…
A column on the periodic table
A horizontal row of elements in the periodic table
Atomic Number
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
periodic law
the law that states that the repeating chemical and physical…
22 terms
Chemistry
Matter
Element
Atom
Nucleus
Any substance that has mass and occupies space
Any substance that cannot be broken down to any other substan…
The smallest unit of an element that contains all the charact…
The central core in atoms composed of positively charged prot…
Matter
Any substance that has mass and occupies space
Element
Any substance that cannot be broken down to any other substan…
21 terms
Pearson Chemistry Chapter 6 Vocabulary +
periodic law
metal
nonmetal
metalloid
when the elements are arranged in order of increasing atomic…
one of a class of elements that are good conductors of heat a…
an element that tends to be a poor conductor of heat and elec…
an element that tends to have properties that are similar to…
periodic law
when the elements are arranged in order of increasing atomic…
metal
one of a class of elements that are good conductors of heat a…
31 terms
Chemistry Chapter 2
mass
volume
extensive property
intensive property
the amount of matter an object contains; weight; often measur…
the amount of space something takes up; can be measured using…
depends on the amount of matter in a sample; ex: mass of diam…
depends on the type of matter in a sample; ex: hardness of di…
mass
the amount of matter an object contains; weight; often measur…
volume
the amount of space something takes up; can be measured using…
39 terms
Chemistry
element
atom
nucleus
proton
substance that CANNOT be chemically broken down into simpler…
smallest part of an element that can be identified as that el…
center, or core, of an atom (where the protons and neutrons a…
particle that has a positive charge - located in the nucleus…
element
substance that CANNOT be chemically broken down into simpler…
atom
smallest part of an element that can be identified as that el…
44 terms
Biology- CH02- Miller & Levine 2014- Mr. Brown- WHS- The Chemistry of Life
atom
nucleus
electron
neutron*
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge
A subatomic particle that has no charge and that is found in…
atom
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
nucleus
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
52 terms
Chemistry - spring 2015
Average atomic mass
mole
Avagadro's number
Molar mass
weighted average of the atomic masses for the isotopes of an…
a measurement of amount used in chemistry, equal to 6.022 x 1…
the number of atoms in exactly 12 g of pure 12c and equal to…
the mass of one mole of a pure substance
Average atomic mass
weighted average of the atomic masses for the isotopes of an…
mole
a measurement of amount used in chemistry, equal to 6.022 x 1…
30 terms
Polyatomic ions
Nitrate ion
Sulfate ion
Phosphate ion
Carbonate ion
Nitrate ion
Sulfate ion
26 terms
Polyatomic Ions
phosphate
acetate
mercury I (mercurous)
carbonate
PO4 3-
C2H3O2 -
Hg2 2+
CO3 2-
phosphate
PO4 3-
acetate
C2H3O2 -
484 terms
Mitchell: Chemistry
Forces holding ionic crystals together
forces holding covalent network crysta…
forces holding molecular crystals toge…
forces holding metallic crystals toget…
electrostatic attraction
covalent bond
dispersion forces, dipole-dipole forces, hydrogen bonds
metallic bond
Forces holding ionic crystals together
electrostatic attraction
forces holding covalent network crysta…
covalent bond
11 terms
Gen Phys chapter 14 Gravity
ellipse
apogee
escape speed
perigee
A elongated circle, or oval shape, the shape of the planets o…
farthest point from the earth in the orbit of a heavenly body
the minimum speed necessary for an object to escape permanent…
Nearest point to the earth in the orbit of a heavenly body
ellipse
A elongated circle, or oval shape, the shape of the planets o…
apogee
farthest point from the earth in the orbit of a heavenly body
8 terms
Atomic Structure Introduction
Atoms
Compounds
Proton
Atomic Number
The building blocks of all elements. Sub-atomic particles of…
Formed by the bonding of two or more atoms in simple ratios.…
Positively-charged subatomic particle located in the nucleus…
Counts the number of protons in an atom. Shown as the whole n…
Atoms
The building blocks of all elements. Sub-atomic particles of…
Compounds
Formed by the bonding of two or more atoms in simple ratios.…
20 terms
Chemistry Chapter 3: Atoms: The Building Blocks of Matter
Law of conservation of mass
Law of definite proportions
Law of multiple proportions
Dalton's Atomic Theory
mass is neither created nor destroyed during ordinary chemica…
fact that a chemical compound contains the same elements in e…
if two or more different compounds are composed of the same t…
1. all matter is composed of atoms... 2. atoms of a given elemen…
Law of conservation of mass
mass is neither created nor destroyed during ordinary chemica…
Law of definite proportions
fact that a chemical compound contains the same elements in e…
9 terms
Exothermic and Endothermic Reactions (Chemistry)
exothermic
exothermic
exothermic
endothermic
light sticks
flashlight
campfire
photosynthesis
exothermic
light sticks
exothermic
flashlight
6 terms
VSEPR - Molecular Geometry and Bond Angles
linear
trigonal planar
tetrahedral
bent
Lone Pairs: 0, Bonded Atoms: 2
Lone Pairs: 0, Bonded Atoms: 3
Lone Pairs: 0, Bonded Atoms: 4
Lone Pairs: 1, Bonded Atoms: 2
linear
Lone Pairs: 0, Bonded Atoms: 2
trigonal planar
Lone Pairs: 0, Bonded Atoms: 3
22 terms
Atomic Theory
Democritus
Dalton's Atomic Theory
Thomson-Cathode Ray Tube
Rutherford's Gold Foil Experiment
Greek philosopher that first proposed the idea of a "atomos".…
1. All matter (materials) consists of very small particles ca…
J.J. Thomson worked on cathode rays which he suggested consis…
Using a block containing radioactive alpha particles, Rutherf…
Democritus
Greek philosopher that first proposed the idea of a "atomos".…
Dalton's Atomic Theory
1. All matter (materials) consists of very small particles ca…
35 terms
Carbon Chemistry
Methane
Ethane
Propane
pentane
Methane
Ethane
9 terms
Organic Chemistry Functional Groups - General Structure
Halocarbon
Alcohol
Carboxylic Acid
Aldehyde
R-X (X= halogen)
R-O-H
RCOOH
RCOH
Halocarbon
R-X (X= halogen)
Alcohol
R-O-H
19 terms
Bio Chemistry Quiz 1 Vocab
adhesion
atom
chemical bonds
cohesion
an attraction between molecules of different substances
basic unit of matter; the smallest particle of a substance th…
holds together the elements in a compound with the electrons…
The attraction between molecules of the same substance
adhesion
an attraction between molecules of different substances
atom
basic unit of matter; the smallest particle of a substance th…
36 terms
Periodic Table of Elements
Hydrogen
Helium
Lithium
Beryllium
H - 1
He - 2
Li - 3
Be - 4
Hydrogen
H - 1
Helium
He - 2
92 terms
Periodic Table
Hydrogen
Hellium
Lithium
Beryllium
H
He
Li
Be
Hydrogen
H
Hellium
He
25 terms
Organic Chemistry Functional Groups 2
Alcohol
Aldehyde
Alkane
Alkene
Alcohol
Aldehyde
43 terms
Chemistry
chemistry
precipitate
chemical reaction
compound
the study of matter and how it changes
A solid that forms from a solution during a chemical reaction.
A change in which one or more substances are converted into n…
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
chemistry
the study of matter and how it changes
precipitate
A solid that forms from a solution during a chemical reaction.
60 terms
Chemistry - Practice Naming Compounds
ammonium sulfide
sodium nitrate
cupric bromide
aluminum sulfate
(NH₄)₂S
NaNO₃
CuBr₂
Al₂(SO₄)₃
ammonium sulfide
(NH₄)₂S
sodium nitrate
NaNO₃
18 terms
Periodic Table
periodic table
element
neutron
proton
A table organizing all of the known elements by atomic number…
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom.
A subatomic particle that has no charge and that is found in…
A subatomic particle that has a positive charge and that is f…
periodic table
A table organizing all of the known elements by atomic number…
element
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom.
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