Study sets matching "general chemistry 2 chapter 13"

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Study sets matching "general chemistry 2 chapter 13"

18 terms
General Chemistry 2: Chapter 13
Reaction Mechanism
Rate
Instantaneous rate of reaction
Average rate of reaction
The sequence of elementary steps that together transform the…
Is a measure of how fast that reaction proceeds.
The rate at any one point in time. It is the slope of a conce…
The average rate of reaction over a time interval is the chan…
Reaction Mechanism
The sequence of elementary steps that together transform the…
Rate
Is a measure of how fast that reaction proceeds.
40 terms
General Chemistry 2: Chapter 13 Vocab
Solute
Solvent
Solution
Saturated Solution
The dissolved substance in a solution
A substance in a solution that is present in the LARGEST amou…
A homogeneous mixture of 2 or more substances
A solution that contains the MAXIMUM amount of a solute that…
Solute
The dissolved substance in a solution
Solvent
A substance in a solution that is present in the LARGEST amou…
25 terms
General Chemistry Chapter 13
Solvation
Hydration
Entropy
Cyrstallization
The clustering of solvent molecules around a solute particle
Solvation when the solvent is water
Thermodynamic function where the number of different energy s…
The process in which a dissolved solute comes out of solution…
Solvation
The clustering of solvent molecules around a solute particle
Hydration
Solvation when the solvent is water
30 terms
General Chemistry Chapter 13
Solids:
Liquids:
Gases:
Intramolecular:
definite shape, nearly incompressible, usually higher density…
no definite shape, slightly compressible, high density, fluid…
no definite shape, compressible, low density, fluid, diffuse…
Within a molecule (bonds)
Solids:
definite shape, nearly incompressible, usually higher density…
Liquids:
no definite shape, slightly compressible, high density, fluid…
25 terms
General Chemistry Chapter 13
Solvation
Hydration
Entropy
Cyrstallization
The clustering of solvent molecules around a solute particle
Solvation when the solvent is water
Thermodynamic function where the number of different energy s…
The process in which a dissolved solute comes out of solution…
Solvation
The clustering of solvent molecules around a solute particle
Hydration
Solvation when the solvent is water
40 terms
General Chemistry 1220 Chapter 13
Miscible
Immiscible
Solvation
Hydration
components mix or dissolve in all proportions (similar forces)
components form multiple layers (depend on polarity), do not…
interaction between solute and solvent molecules
water is the solvent (aq)
Miscible
components mix or dissolve in all proportions (similar forces)
Immiscible
components form multiple layers (depend on polarity), do not…
45 terms
General Chemistry II Chapter 13: Solutions and Their Physical Properties
Solvent
Solute
Alloys
i
The component that is present in the greatest quantity or tha…
What is dissolved in the solvent. A concentrated solution has…
Solid solutions with a metal as the solvent.
Amount of component in moles
Solvent
The component that is present in the greatest quantity or tha…
Solute
What is dissolved in the solvent. A concentrated solution has…
11 terms
General Chem 2: Chapter 13
Dispersion forces
Dipole-dipole forces
Hydrogen bonding
Ion-dipole forces
No ions involved. No polar molecules involved.
No ions involved. Polar molecules with no hydrogen atoms bond…
No ions involved. Polar molecules with hydrogen atoms bonded…
Ions involved with polar molecules and ions both present
Dispersion forces
No ions involved. No polar molecules involved.
Dipole-dipole forces
No ions involved. Polar molecules with no hydrogen atoms bond…
37 terms
Chemistry 2 Chapter 13 Gas Laws
Charles' Law
Gay-Lussac's Law
Boyle's Law
Combined Gas Law
Who's law is this?
Who's law is this?
Who's law is this?
What law is this?
Charles' Law
Who's law is this?
Gay-Lussac's Law
Who's law is this?
105 terms
General Chemistry II: Chapter 13: Properties of Solutions
Solution
What are the two solution components?
Solvent
Solute
homogeneous mixture of two or more substances
-solvent... -solute
the dissolving medium
the dissolved species
Solution
homogeneous mixture of two or more substances
What are the two solution components?
-solvent... -solute
silberberg chapter 13 general chemistry vocab
solution
mixture
homogenous mixture
ion-dipole forces
homogenous mixture
sample of matter, physical intermingling of two or more subst…
uniform composition down to molecular level
principal force involved when ionic compound dissolves in water
solution
homogenous mixture
mixture
sample of matter, physical intermingling of two or more subst…
General Chemistry (DAT): Chapter 13: Gases
Standard Temperature and Pressure
Ideal Gas
Boyle's Law
Charles's Law
Not Standard Conditions: 25 C... This is at 0 C or 273.15K and…
A gas whose molecules have no intermolecular forces and occup…
Found that Pressure and volume are inversely related. ... P1V1…
Founds that Volume and Temperature are directly related. ... V1…
Standard Temperature and Pressure
Not Standard Conditions: 25 C... This is at 0 C or 273.15K and…
Ideal Gas
A gas whose molecules have no intermolecular forces and occup…
Chemistry 2: Chapter 13
Dissociation
Ionization
Always soluble
Cl-
The separation of ions that occurs when an ionic compound dis…
The process by which an atom or a molecule acquires a negativ…
Na+... K+... NH4+... CH3COO-... ClO3-... NO3-
Usually soluble... Exceptions:... Hg... Pb... Ag... PbCl2 is soluble only…
Dissociation
The separation of ions that occurs when an ionic compound dis…
Ionization
The process by which an atom or a molecule acquires a negativ…
General Chemistry Chapter 2
energy
physical change
chemical change
endothermic
the capacity to do work
a change of matter from one form to another without a change…
a change that occurs when one or more substances change into…
describes a process in which heat is absorbed from the enviro…
energy
the capacity to do work
physical change
a change of matter from one form to another without a change…
Chemistry: Chapter 13: Solutions
solution
suspension
solvent
solute
a homogeneous mixture of two or more substances uniformly dis…
a mixture in which particles of a material are more or less e…
in a solution, the substance in which the solute is dissolved.
in a solution, the substance that is dissolved in the solvent.
solution
a homogeneous mixture of two or more substances uniformly dis…
suspension
a mixture in which particles of a material are more or less e…
56 terms
Chapter 2 - General Chemistry
Dalton's Atomic Theory
Proust's Law of Definite Proportion
Law of Multiple Proportions
Law of Conservation of Mass
Different samples of the same compound always contain its con…
If 2 elements can combine to form more than 1 compound, the m…
Matter can neither be created nor destroyed
Dalton's Atomic Theory
Proust's Law of Definite Proportion
Different samples of the same compound always contain its con…
5 terms
Chemistry Chapter 13.2
vaporization
evaporation
vapor pressure
boiling point
the conversion of a liquid to a gas or a vapor
vaporization that occurs at the surface of a liquid that is n…
a measure of the force exerted by a gas above a liquid in a s…
the temperature at which the vapor pressure of a liquid is ju…
vaporization
the conversion of a liquid to a gas or a vapor
evaporation
vaporization that occurs at the surface of a liquid that is n…
10 terms
chemistry chapter 13
archimedes
Charles goodyear
Louis pasteur
William perkin
he determined if if hero's new crown was pure gold
he made one of the first tires by accidently poored oil with…
Pasteur knew that racemic acid was identical to tartaric acid…
mauve, actually it was the synthesis of the first artificial…
archimedes
he determined if if hero's new crown was pure gold
Charles goodyear
he made one of the first tires by accidently poored oil with…
Chemistry Chapter 13.2
Vaporization
Evaporation
Vapor Pressure
Boiling Point
a phase transition from the liquid phase to vapor There are t…
a type of vaporization of a liquid that occurs from the surfa…
Microscopic equilibrium between gas and solid.
the temperature at which the vapor pressure of the liquid equ…
Vaporization
a phase transition from the liquid phase to vapor There are t…
Evaporation
a type of vaporization of a liquid that occurs from the surfa…
16 terms
Chemistry 2 chapter 13
Saturated solution
Unsaturated solution
Supersaturated solution
Ionic compounds are
Contains the maximum amount of solute at a specific temperature
Contains less solute than the solvent has the capacity to dis…
Contains more solute than is present in a saturated solution…
More soluble in polar substances
Saturated solution
Contains the maximum amount of solute at a specific temperature
Unsaturated solution
Contains less solute than the solvent has the capacity to dis…
48 terms
An introduction to General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry Chapter 13- Timberlake
Carbohydrates
saccharides
How is glucose produces
Examples of Carbohydrates
a major source of energy from our diet, made from the elemen…
sugars
produced by photosynthesis in plants, synthesized in plants…
glucose, galactose, fructo
Carbohydrates
a major source of energy from our diet, made from the elemen…
saccharides
sugars
Chemistry 2 Chapter 13
Solute
Solvent
Solutions
Intramolecular forces
The smaller portion of the solution, which dissolves in the s…
The larger portion of the solution
Homogeneous mixtures
Bonding forces that exist within a molecule and influence the…
Solute
The smaller portion of the solution, which dissolves in the s…
Solvent
The larger portion of the solution
26 terms
Chemistry 2- Chapter 13
Compare and contrast a homogenous mixt…
Solution
Solute
Solvent
Homo- uniform (salt water)... Hetero- not uniform (vegetable sou…
result of the dissolving process
The part that gets dissolved
The part that does the dissolving
Compare and contrast a homogenous mixt…
Homo- uniform (salt water)... Hetero- not uniform (vegetable sou…
Solution
result of the dissolving process
chemistry chapter 13.2
vaporization
evaporation
vapor pressure
boiling point
the conversion of a liquid to a gas or a vapor
vaporization that occurs at the surface of a liquid that is n…
a measure of the force exerted by a gas above a liquid in a s…
the temperature at which the vapor pressure of a liquid is ju…
vaporization
the conversion of a liquid to a gas or a vapor
evaporation
vaporization that occurs at the surface of a liquid that is n…
33 terms
Chemistry 2 Chapter 13
Solution
Solvent
Solute
Concentration
a homogeneous mixture
the component that is dissolved in solvent... -- usually in smal…
medium (often water) into which solutes are mixed... -- usually…
describes how much solute there is
Solution
a homogeneous mixture
Solvent
the component that is dissolved in solvent... -- usually in smal…
30 terms
CHEMISTRY 2 (CHAPTER 13)
HEAT OF VAPORIZATION
DYNAMIC EQUILIBRIUM (for a liquid)
VAPOR PRESSURE
LE CHATELIER'S PRINCIPLE
The amount of heat required to vaporize one molecule of a liq…
When the rate of condensation and the rate of vaporization be…
The pressure of a gas that is in dynamic equilibrium with its…
If the pressure above a liquid-vapor system in equilibrium de…
HEAT OF VAPORIZATION
The amount of heat required to vaporize one molecule of a liq…
DYNAMIC EQUILIBRIUM (for a liquid)
When the rate of condensation and the rate of vaporization be…
Chemistry Chapter 13 Gases
Boyle's law
Charles' law
absolute zero
Gay-Lussac's law
states that the volume of a fixed amount of gas held at a con…
states that the volume of a given mass of gas is directly pro…
zero on the Kelvin scale which represents the lowest possible…
states that the pressure of a fixed mass of gas varies direct…
Boyle's law
states that the volume of a fixed amount of gas held at a con…
Charles' law
states that the volume of a given mass of gas is directly pro…
CHEM 102: General Chemistry II - Chapter 13
Factors that affect Rate of Chemical R…
Concentration
Temperature
Catalysts
Chemical reactants, ability of reactants to meet, concentrati…
Higher concentration = more collisions = faster rate
Raising temp increases molecules avg velocity, faster molecul…
Substance that increases rate of reaction but isn't consumed,…
Factors that affect Rate of Chemical R…
Chemical reactants, ability of reactants to meet, concentrati…
Concentration
Higher concentration = more collisions = faster rate
Chemistry Chapter 13.2
Liquids ________ have attractions betw…
characteristics of particle motion tha…
fluid
vaporization
liquids DO..... Gases DO NOT....
>> the interplay between the disruptive motion of particles &…
A substance that flows (can be poured)... -can be liquids AND ga…
The change of state from a liquid to a gas
Liquids ________ have attractions betw…
liquids DO..... Gases DO NOT....
characteristics of particle motion tha…
>> the interplay between the disruptive motion of particles &…
40 terms
General Terms Chapter 13
acidosis
acromegaly
Addison disease
adenectomy
condition of excessive acidity of body fluids
characterized by marked enlargement and elongation of the bon…
results from a deficiency in the secretion of adrenocortical…
surgical excision of a gland
acidosis
condition of excessive acidity of body fluids
acromegaly
characterized by marked enlargement and elongation of the bon…
52 terms
General Biology Chapter 13
Amoebozoa
Archaeplastida
Ascomycota
Anaerobic
the eukaryotic supergroup that contains the amoebas and slime…
the eukaryotic supergroup that contains land plants, green al…
a division of fungi that store spores in a sac called ascus
refers to organisms that grow without oxygen
Amoebozoa
the eukaryotic supergroup that contains the amoebas and slime…
Archaeplastida
the eukaryotic supergroup that contains land plants, green al…
An introduction to General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry Chapter 13- Timberlake
Carbohydrates
saccharides
How is glucose produces
Examples of Carbohydrates
a major source of energy from our diet, made from the elemen…
sugars
produced by photosynthesis in plants, synthesized in plants…
glucose, galactose, fructo
Carbohydrates
a major source of energy from our diet, made from the elemen…
saccharides
sugars
48 terms
An introduction to General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry Chapter 13- Timberlake
Carbohydrates
saccharides
How is glucose produces
Examples of Carbohydrates
a major source of energy from our diet, made from the elemen…
sugars
produced by photosynthesis in plants, synthesized in plants…
glucose, galactose, fructo
Carbohydrates
a major source of energy from our diet, made from the elemen…
saccharides
sugars
108 terms
An introduction to General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry Chapter 13- Timberlake, Carbohydrates, Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates
saccharides
How is glucose produces
Examples of Carbohydrates
a major source of energy from our diet, made from the elemen…
sugars
produced by photosynthesis in plants, synthesized in plants…
glucose, galactose, fructo
Carbohydrates
a major source of energy from our diet, made from the elemen…
saccharides
sugars
26 terms
Chapter 13.1-2 Chemistry
Homogeneous
Soluble
Solution
Solvent
Same ratio
Capable of being dissolved
Homogeneous mixture of two or more substances in a single phase
Dissolving medium in a solution
Homogeneous
Same ratio
Soluble
Capable of being dissolved
Chemistry - Chapter 13.2 Vocabulary
Ionic Bonds
Ions
Crystal Lattice
Covalent Bond
the force of attraction between oppositely charged ions
charged particles that form during chemical changes when on o…
the ions that make up an ionic compound are bonded in a repea…
the force of attraction between the nuclei of atoms and the e…
Ionic Bonds
the force of attraction between oppositely charged ions
Ions
charged particles that form during chemical changes when on o…
Chapter 13 Chemistry 2 (CH152)
Solution
Solute
Solvent
Intermolecular Forces
A homogeneous mixture of two or more substances or components
The component that is dissolved or is the least abundant comp…
The dissolving agent or the most abundant component
Attractive forces between solute and solvent molecules are on…
Solution
A homogeneous mixture of two or more substances or components
Solute
The component that is dissolved or is the least abundant comp…
47 terms
Chemistry Chapter 13-14 Vocabulary (Pearson)
Kinetic Energy
Kinetic Theory
Gas Pressure
Vacuum
The energy an object has because of its motion
All matter consists of tiny particles that are in constant mo…
Force exerted by a gas per unit surface area of an object
An empty space with no particles and no pressure
Kinetic Energy
The energy an object has because of its motion
Kinetic Theory
All matter consists of tiny particles that are in constant mo…
22 terms
Chemistry 2 Chapter 13 Notes
A ________ is a homogenous mixture and…
A _____ is a hetergenous mixture and e…
A _____ dissolves in a solvent forming…
Substances are soluble in each other i…
Solution
Collid
Solute
Miscible
A ________ is a homogenous mixture and…
Solution
A _____ is a hetergenous mixture and e…
Collid
42 terms
General Chemistry Chapter 2
Law of conservation of Mass
Law of definite proportions
Law of multiple proportions
atomic theory
In a chemical reaction, matter is neither created nor destroy…
All samples of a given compound, regardless of their source o…
When two elements (call the A and B) form two different compo…
The theory that each element is composed of tiny indestructib…
Law of conservation of Mass
In a chemical reaction, matter is neither created nor destroy…
Law of definite proportions
All samples of a given compound, regardless of their source o…
Chemistry Chapter 13: Solutions
Soluble
Solution
Solvent
Solute
Capable of being dissolved
Homogeneous mixture of two or more substances in a single phase
Dissolving medium in a solution
The substance dissolved in a solution
Soluble
Capable of being dissolved
Solution
Homogeneous mixture of two or more substances in a single phase
40 terms
HCHS Chemistry Chapter 13: States of Matter
kinetic molecular theory
Gas Pressure
Atmospheric Pressure
barometer
describes the behavior of gas particles; assumes that gas par…
...
...
instrument used to measure atmospheric pressure by measuring…
kinetic molecular theory
describes the behavior of gas particles; assumes that gas par…
Gas Pressure
...
17 terms
Chemistry 2: Chapter 13 Vocab
atomic emission spectra
atomic absorption spectra
atomic orbital
Aufbau Principle
The pattern of frequencies obtained by passing light emitted…
(AAS) is a spectro-analytical procedure for the quantitative…
A region in space around the nucleus of an atom where there i…
Electrons enter orbitals of lowest energy first.
atomic emission spectra
The pattern of frequencies obtained by passing light emitted…
atomic absorption spectra
(AAS) is a spectro-analytical procedure for the quantitative…
12 terms
Chapter 13.2 Vocab Chemistry
Effervescence
Heat of Solution
Henry's Law
Hydration
the rapid escape of a gas from a liquid in which it is dissol…
the net amount of heat energy absorbed or released when a spe…
the solubility of a gas in a liquid is directly proportional…
a solution process with water as the solvent
Effervescence
the rapid escape of a gas from a liquid in which it is dissol…
Heat of Solution
the net amount of heat energy absorbed or released when a spe…
Chapter 2 General Chemistry
Mass
Volume
Extensive property
Intensive property
The object is a measure of the amount of matter the object co…
The measure of the space occupied by an object
A property that depends on the amount of matter in a sample
a property that depends on the type of matter in a sample, no…
Mass
The object is a measure of the amount of matter the object co…
Volume
The measure of the space occupied by an object
General Chemistry: Chapter 2
Brownian motion
Jean Perrin
scanning tunneling microscope (STM)
nanotechnology
model by Einstein that explains the continuous motion due to…
French physicist who confirmed Einstein's Brownian model and…
used to pick up and move individual atoms (creates structures…
image, move, and build atoms
Brownian motion
model by Einstein that explains the continuous motion due to…
Jean Perrin
French physicist who confirmed Einstein's Brownian model and…
17 terms
Chemistry chapter 13
resonance structures
resonance hybrid
isomers
valence shell electron-pair repulsion…
two or more equivalent Lewis structures involving alternate e…
average of resonance structures that represents the actual mo…
compounds with the same molecular formula but different geome…
electron groups are arranged as far apart as possible to mini…
resonance structures
two or more equivalent Lewis structures involving alternate e…
resonance hybrid
average of resonance structures that represents the actual mo…
57 terms
Chemistry Chapter 13
kinetic-molecular theory
particle size of gases
particle motion of gases
temperature
describes the behavior of gases in terms of particle motion
small, separated by empty space
constant, random motion
a measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a…
kinetic-molecular theory
describes the behavior of gases in terms of particle motion
particle size of gases
small, separated by empty space
34 terms
Chemistry II Chapter 13
acid
acid
acid
acid
comes from Latin word "acidus" meaning sour; or "acetum" mean…
reacts with certain metals with the liberation of hydrogen gas
cause certain organic dyes to change color (litmus paper turn…
reacts with limestone with the liberation of carbon dioxide gas
acid
comes from Latin word "acidus" meaning sour; or "acetum" mean…
acid
reacts with certain metals with the liberation of hydrogen gas
17 terms
Chemistry Chapter 13
Barometer
Torr
Standard atmosphere
Pascal
A device that measures atmospheric pressure
mm Hg
A unit of measurement for pressure equal to 760 mm Hg
A unit of pressure equal to one newton per square meter.
Barometer
A device that measures atmospheric pressure
Torr
mm Hg
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