Study sets matching "general chemistry 2"

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Study sets matching "general chemistry 2"

General Chemistry Chapter 2
energy
physical change
chemical change
endothermic
the capacity to do work
a change of matter from one form to another without a change…
a change that occurs when one or more substances change into…
describes a process in which heat is absorbed from the enviro…
energy
the capacity to do work
physical change
a change of matter from one form to another without a change…
56 terms
Chapter 2 - General Chemistry
Dalton's Atomic Theory
Proust's Law of Definite Proportion
Law of Multiple Proportions
Law of Conservation of Mass
Different samples of the same compound always contain its con…
If 2 elements can combine to form more than 1 compound, the m…
Matter can neither be created nor destroyed
Dalton's Atomic Theory
Proust's Law of Definite Proportion
Different samples of the same compound always contain its con…
15 terms
General Chemistry Ch. 2
Moseley
Periodic Law
period
group
He created the form of periodic table used now
The chemical and physical properties of the elements are depe…
Moseley
He created the form of periodic table used now
Periodic Law
The chemical and physical properties of the elements are depe…
General Chemistry 2
Ludwig Wilhelmy
Rate of Chemical Change
Polarimetry, Spectroscopy, Pressure Me…
Gas chromatography, mass spectrometry,…
First person to measure rate of a chemical reaction
∆ in Concentration / ∆ in Time
Three ways to measure a change in concentration
Methods used to measure slow reactions with aliquots
Ludwig Wilhelmy
First person to measure rate of a chemical reaction
Rate of Chemical Change
∆ in Concentration / ∆ in Time
42 terms
General Chemistry- Ch. 2
Atomic Mass Unit (u)
Ion
Cation
Anion
1/12 the mass of a carbon atom that contains six protons and…
An atom with an unequal number of protons and electrons.
An ion with a positive charge
An ion with a negative charge
Atomic Mass Unit (u)
1/12 the mass of a carbon atom that contains six protons and…
Ion
An atom with an unequal number of protons and electrons.
44 terms
General Chemistry Vocab 2
Kinetic molecular theory
temperature
pressure
viscosity
explains the properties of gases in terms of the energy, size…
a measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a…
force applied per unit area
a measure of the resistance of a liquid to flow
Kinetic molecular theory
explains the properties of gases in terms of the energy, size…
temperature
a measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a…
General Chemistry 2 Exam 2
molarity (M)
molality (m)
mole fraction (X)
mass percentage
moles solute / L solution
moles solute / kg solvent
moles substance / total moles
( mass solute / mass solution ) x 100
molarity (M)
moles solute / L solution
molality (m)
moles solute / kg solvent
258 terms
General Chemistry 2
Ludwig Wilhelmy
Rate of Chemical Change
Polarimetry, Spectroscopy, Pressure Me…
Gas chromatography, mass spectrometry,…
First person to measure rate of a chemical reaction
∆ in Concentration / ∆ in Time
Three ways to measure a change in concentration
Methods used to measure slow reactions with aliquots
Ludwig Wilhelmy
First person to measure rate of a chemical reaction
Rate of Chemical Change
∆ in Concentration / ∆ in Time
37 terms
General Chemistry 7.2
quantum-mechanical model
electromagnetic radiation
magnetic field
electric field
explains the strange behavior of electrons
a type of energy embodied in oscillating electric and magneti…
a region of space where a magnetic particle experiences a force
a region of space where an electrically charged particle expe…
quantum-mechanical model
explains the strange behavior of electrons
electromagnetic radiation
a type of energy embodied in oscillating electric and magneti…
General Chemistry 2
Rate of Chemical Change
Polarimetry, Spectroscopy, Pressure Me…
Gas chromatography, mass spectrometry,…
k Rate Constant
∆ in Concentration / ∆ in Time
Three ways to measure a change in concentration
Methods used to measure slow reactions with aliquots
constant of proportionality
Rate of Chemical Change
∆ in Concentration / ∆ in Time
Polarimetry, Spectroscopy, Pressure Me…
Three ways to measure a change in concentration
24 terms
General Chemistry Chapter 2
Subatomic Particles
Radioactivity
Nucleus
Electronic Charge
Particles such as protons, electrons, and neutrons that are s…
The spontaneous disintegration of an unstable atomic nucleus…
The very small, very dense, positively charged portion of an…
The negative charge carried by an electron; it has a magnitud…
Subatomic Particles
Particles such as protons, electrons, and neutrons that are s…
Radioactivity
The spontaneous disintegration of an unstable atomic nucleus…
47 terms
General Chemistry Ch. 2
STM
Scanning Tunneling Microscopy... (Gerd Bi…
Three Laws of nature to know
The Law of conservation of Mass 1.1
Scanning Tunneling Microscopy
Technique that can image (a visual representation of) and eve…
1. The Law of conversation of Mass.... 2. Law of Definite Propor…
Mass is not created or destroyed during a chemical reaction.
STM
Scanning Tunneling Microscopy
Scanning Tunneling Microscopy... (Gerd Bi…
Technique that can image (a visual representation of) and eve…
Chapter 2 General Chemistry
Mass
Volume
Extensive property
Intensive property
The object is a measure of the amount of matter the object co…
The measure of the space occupied by an object
A property that depends on the amount of matter in a sample
a property that depends on the type of matter in a sample, no…
Mass
The object is a measure of the amount of matter the object co…
Volume
The measure of the space occupied by an object
General Chemistry: Chapter 2
Brownian motion
Jean Perrin
scanning tunneling microscope (STM)
nanotechnology
model by Einstein that explains the continuous motion due to…
French physicist who confirmed Einstein's Brownian model and…
used to pick up and move individual atoms (creates structures…
image, move, and build atoms
Brownian motion
model by Einstein that explains the continuous motion due to…
Jean Perrin
French physicist who confirmed Einstein's Brownian model and…
General Chemistry 2 - Exam 2 (Ch. 19)
acid-base buffer
common ion effect
Addition of common ion A-
buffer component ratio affect on H+ co…
a solution that lessons the impact on pH from the addition of…
occurs when a given ion is added to an equilibrium that alrea…
causes the reaction to shift towards HA, suppressing the diss…
[HA]/[A-] increases, [H3O+] increases... [HA]/[A-] decreases, [H…
acid-base buffer
a solution that lessons the impact on pH from the addition of…
common ion effect
occurs when a given ion is added to an equilibrium that alrea…
97 terms
General Chemistry 2
Fluid movement; hot air rises, cold ai…
Direct contact; collision of molecules
Electromagnetic waves emitted into the…
Types of heat exchange
Convection
Conduction
Radiation
RC Car... Radiation Conduction Convection
Fluid movement; hot air rises, cold ai…
Convection
Direct contact; collision of molecules
Conduction
General Chemistry Chapter 2
atom
atomic mass unit
atomic number
atomic theory
the smallest particle of a given type of matter
used to compare masses of different elements, about the same…
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom of an element
the idea that matter is made up of fundamental particles call…
atom
the smallest particle of a given type of matter
atomic mass unit
used to compare masses of different elements, about the same…
17 terms
General Chemistry Chapter 2
Rows
Columns
Metals
Nonmetals
Called periods; based on same principal energy level (n)
Called groups; elements in the same column have the same vale…
Shiny (lustrous), conduct electricity well, malleable and duc…
Dull, poor conductors of electricity, brittle; right side of…
Rows
Called periods; based on same principal energy level (n)
Columns
Called groups; elements in the same column have the same vale…
29 terms
Exam 2 General Chemistry 2
Chiral
Achiral
Enantiomers
Chirality center
a molecule that is not superimposable on its mirror image (do…
a molecule that is superimposable on its mirror image
mirror images that are not superimposable (chiral)
a carbon atom with 4 different groups
Chiral
a molecule that is not superimposable on its mirror image (do…
Achiral
a molecule that is superimposable on its mirror image
31 terms
General Chemistry Chapter 2
Mass
Volume
Extensive Properties
Intensive Properties
Measure of the amount of matter in an object
The amount of space something takes up
Property that depends on the amount of matter in a sample
Property that depends on the type of matter in a sample
Mass
Measure of the amount of matter in an object
Volume
The amount of space something takes up
General Chemistry Chapter 2
H
He
Li
Be
Hydrogen
Helium
Lithium
Beryllium
H
Hydrogen
He
Helium
General Chemistry Chapter 2
Nucleus
Proton
Neutron
Atomic Mass Unit
composed of protons and neutrons
nuclear particle with a positive charge... mass 1800 times large…
nuclear particle with no charge... stabilizes nucleus... mass is al…
a mass unit equal to 1/12 the mass of a carbon atom
Nucleus
composed of protons and neutrons
Proton
nuclear particle with a positive charge... mass 1800 times large…
153 terms
General Chemistry
Atomic Number vs mass number vs. atomi…
subatomic charges aka charge of an ele…
isotopes of hydrogen
avogadros number
atomic number-Z=protons... mass number- A=sum of protons and neu…
e= 1.6 x 10^-19... 1 electron weighs 1/2000 of a proton
-protium: 1 proton, atomic mass 1 amu... -deuterium: 1 proton, 1…
Na= 6.02 x 10^23
Atomic Number vs mass number vs. atomi…
atomic number-Z=protons... mass number- A=sum of protons and neu…
subatomic charges aka charge of an ele…
e= 1.6 x 10^-19... 1 electron weighs 1/2000 of a proton
61 terms
General Chemistry Exam 2
Avogadro's Number
Molar Mass
Mass percent composition
Mass% of element X
6.02x10^23
The mass of 1 mol of atoms of an element
the element's percentage of the total mass of the compound
= Mass of x in sample of compound... / mass of the sample of the…
Avogadro's Number
6.02x10^23
Molar Mass
The mass of 1 mol of atoms of an element
Chemistry - Set 2 - General
Acid
Base
Soluble
Insoluble
any of various compounds having a sour taste and capable of t…
any of various compounds capable of turning litmus blue and r…
able to dissolve... Example: Water (solvent) will dissolve salt…
inability of substance to dissolve in another substance... Examp…
Acid
any of various compounds having a sour taste and capable of t…
Base
any of various compounds capable of turning litmus blue and r…
98 terms
General Chemistry 2 Final Exam
DNA
RNA
Relative size of DNA
Relative size of RNA
stores the genetic information of an organism and transmits i…
translates the genetic info contained in DNA into proteins ne…
millions of nucleotides
only a few thousand of nucleotides
DNA
stores the genetic information of an organism and transmits i…
RNA
translates the genetic info contained in DNA into proteins ne…
31 terms
General Chemistry: Chapter 2
Do elements with similar valence elect…
We can predict that elements in the sa…
Valence Electrons
Representative elements (IA - VIIIA)
Yes, as long as they are the same type (metal, metalloid, or…
Share similar chemical properties due to them having similar…
Have the highest energy and are the furthest from the nucleus…
These groups have valence electrons in their S or P subshells.
Do elements with similar valence elect…
Yes, as long as they are the same type (metal, metalloid, or…
We can predict that elements in the sa…
Share similar chemical properties due to them having similar…
40 terms
General Chemistry Vocabularies (2)
valence shell
VSEPR (valence-shell electron-pair rep…
dipole moment
polar molecules
outermost electron-occupied shell of an atom; it holds the el…
it accounts for the geometric arrangements of electron pairs…
product of the charge Q and the distance r between the charges
diatomic molecules containing atoms of different elements hav…
valence shell
outermost electron-occupied shell of an atom; it holds the el…
VSEPR (valence-shell electron-pair rep…
it accounts for the geometric arrangements of electron pairs…
9 terms
Chemistry - Set 2 - General
Acid
Base
Soluble
Insoluble
any of various compounds having a sour taste and capable of t…
any of various compounds capable of turning litmus blue and r…
able to dissolve... Example: Water (solvent) will dissolve salt…
inability of substance to dissolve in another substance... Examp…
Acid
any of various compounds having a sour taste and capable of t…
Base
any of various compounds capable of turning litmus blue and r…
chapters 2 General Chemistry
Many biological processes are ________…
Start with Lowest (smallest) level of…
basic type of matter and can't be brok…
Element
chemical processes (metabolism)
biological organization
Element
carbon... oxygen... hydrogen... calcium... nitrogen ... sodium... magnesium, ect
Many biological processes are ________…
chemical processes (metabolism)
Start with Lowest (smallest) level of…
biological organization
General Chemistry Ch. 2
periods
groups
metals
nonmetals
rows of the PT based on the same principal energy level
columns of the PT; those in the same column have the same val…
shiny, conductive, malleable and ductile; found on the left s…
dull, poor conductors, brittle; found on the right side of th…
periods
rows of the PT based on the same principal energy level
groups
columns of the PT; those in the same column have the same val…
110 terms
General Chemistry Exam 2
What are the 4 quantum numbers and the…
Which quantum number determines the nu…
Show the Aufbau Principle
Define atomic radius and state the tre…
Principal Energy Level (n): 1-7, same as period number... Angula…
Magnetic (ml)
7s 7p 7d 7f... 6s 6p 6d 6f... 5s 5p 5d 5f... 4s 4p 4d 4f... 3s 3p 3d ... 2s…
Atomic Radius: a measure of the size of its atoms, usually th…
What are the 4 quantum numbers and the…
Principal Energy Level (n): 1-7, same as period number... Angula…
Which quantum number determines the nu…
Magnetic (ml)
9 terms
General Chemistry 2
Down-left
Size and atomic mass increase
Elements of with the same number of el…
Has the largest attraction/smallest ra…
Atomic Radius increases:
Why does radius increase going down-left on the periodic table?
Isoelectronic Series
Element with the most number of protons on the nucleus:
Down-left
Atomic Radius increases:
Size and atomic mass increase
Why does radius increase going down-left on the periodic table?
17 terms
MCAT - General Chemistry 2
____ ionization energy = most electron…
Pattern of atomic radius sizes on the…
Ionic radii trend on period table:
3 types of elements on the Periodic ta…
High
>right to left decreases... >top to bottom increases in atomic r…
>metals close to metalloids have smaller radius because they…
1. Metals = lustrous, malleable, and ductile... 2. Nonmentals =…
____ ionization energy = most electron…
High
Pattern of atomic radius sizes on the…
>right to left decreases... >top to bottom increases in atomic r…
246 terms
General Chemistry 2
Ludwig Wilhelmy
Rate of Chemical Change
Polarimetry, Spectroscopy, Pressure Me…
Gas chromatography, mass spectrometry,…
First person to measure rate of a chemical reaction
∆ in Concentration / ∆ in Time
Three ways to measure a change in concentration
Methods used to measure slow reactions with aliquots
Ludwig Wilhelmy
First person to measure rate of a chemical reaction
Rate of Chemical Change
∆ in Concentration / ∆ in Time
40 terms
APBio.2 General Chemistry
Element
Atom
Atomic number
Electron Shells
a substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by…
smallest unit of matter that still retains the properties of…
number of protons, which is unique to that element
where electrons are found; outside the nucleus
Element
a substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by…
Atom
smallest unit of matter that still retains the properties of…
31 terms
Chemistry Test 2 General
Combustion Reaction
Metathesis/Double Displacement Reaction
Combination Reactions
Decomposition Reaction
Combination of some reactant and oxygen
Swap the anions (ex: reactions with 2 salts)
2 or more substances react to form one product
take one substance and it'll react to form two more substance
Combustion Reaction
Combination of some reactant and oxygen
Metathesis/Double Displacement Reaction
Swap the anions (ex: reactions with 2 salts)
47 terms
General Chemistry Ch. 2
STM
Scanning Tunneling Microscopy... (Gerd Bi…
Three Laws of nature to know
The Law of conservation of Mass 1.1
Scanning Tunneling Microscopy
Technique that can image (a visual representation of) and eve…
1. The Law of conversation of Mass.... 2. Law of Definite Propor…
(Antoine Lavoisier) Mass is not created or destroyed during a…
STM
Scanning Tunneling Microscopy
Scanning Tunneling Microscopy... (Gerd Bi…
Technique that can image (a visual representation of) and eve…
7 terms
General Chemistry Ch. 2
Periodic Law (Mendeleev's Law)
Periodicity
3 Major Categories of Periodic Table
Metals
Dmitry Mendeleev... -The physical and chemical properties of the…
Periodicity refers to the recurring trends that are seen in t…
Metals, Metalloids, and Nonmetals
-Lustrous, malleable, and ductile... -Conductors of heat and ele…
Periodic Law (Mendeleev's Law)
Dmitry Mendeleev... -The physical and chemical properties of the…
Periodicity
Periodicity refers to the recurring trends that are seen in t…
99 terms
General Chemistry 2
chemical characteristics
Z-S
2
8
Each element in a group have ............... that are similar
How do you call the effective nuclear charge?
How many electrons can the first shell hold?
How many electrons can the second shell hold?
chemical characteristics
Each element in a group have ............... that are similar
Z-S
How do you call the effective nuclear charge?
General Chemistry exam 2
Bent
trigonal planar
bent
linear
tetrahedral EG with 3 lone pairs
Bent
trigonal planar
30 terms
General Chemistry: Worksheet - Nomenclature # 2
NaNO₂
HNO₃
NH₄Br
Sn₃(PO₄)₂
Sodium Nitrite
Nitric Acid or Hydrogen Nitrate
Ammonium Bromide
Tin (II) Phosphate
NaNO₂
Sodium Nitrite
HNO₃
Nitric Acid or Hydrogen Nitrate
16 terms
General Chemistry 2 (Chapter 12)
Solution
Solute
Solvent
Miscible
is composed of two parts: the solute and the solvent
The gas (or solid) in a solution of gases (or solids), or the…
The liquid in the case of a solution of gases or solids, or t…
Mixable
Solution
is composed of two parts: the solute and the solvent
Solute
The gas (or solid) in a solution of gases (or solids), or the…
29 terms
General Chemistry Test 2
Henry Louis Le Châtelier
Fritz Haber
Peter Waage
Guldberg
Equilibrium: determined that when a reaction is shifted, the…
synthesized ammonia, producing nitrogen fertilizer... chemist wh…
proposed in 1864 the law of mass action as a general descript…
law of chemical equilibrium
Henry Louis Le Châtelier
Equilibrium: determined that when a reaction is shifted, the…
Fritz Haber
synthesized ammonia, producing nitrogen fertilizer... chemist wh…
8 terms
General Chemistry Chapter 2
Atom
Noble Gases
Molecule
O2,N2, Cl2, Br2,I2,H2
Is the smallest particle of an element that retains the prope…
Exist as atoms in nature. ... Helium, Neon, Argon are monoatomic…
Is the smallest particle of an element or compound that retai…
Diatomic Molecules
Atom
Is the smallest particle of an element that retains the prope…
Noble Gases
Exist as atoms in nature. ... Helium, Neon, Argon are monoatomic…
19 terms
General Chemistry Chapter 2
Nitrate formula and charge
Carbonate formula and charge
Sulfate formula and charge
Phosphate formula and charge
NO3 -1
CO3 -2
SO4 -2
PO4 -3
Nitrate formula and charge
NO3 -1
Carbonate formula and charge
CO3 -2
General Chemistry Chapter 2
Law of Conservation of Mass
Law of Definite Proportions
Law of Multiple Proportions
John Dalton's Atomic Theory
in a chemical reaction, matter is neither created nor destroy…
a law stating that matter is neither created more deserted in…
when two elements (call them A and B) form two different comp…
1. each element is composed of tiny, indestructible particles…
Law of Conservation of Mass
in a chemical reaction, matter is neither created nor destroy…
Law of Definite Proportions
a law stating that matter is neither created more deserted in…
General chemistry CH2
Law of Mass Conservation
Law of Definite proportions
Law of multiple proportions
Atomic Number
Mass is neither created nor destroyed in chemical reactions
Different samples of a pure chemical compound always contain…
Elements can combine in different ways to form different chem…
Elements differ from one another according to the number of p…
Law of Mass Conservation
Mass is neither created nor destroyed in chemical reactions
Law of Definite proportions
Different samples of a pure chemical compound always contain…
General Chemistry Chapter 2
Law of Conservation of Mass... -Lavoisier
Law of Definite Proportions... -Proust
Law of Multiple Proportions... -Dalton
Dalton's Atomic Theory (1/4)
"In a chemical reaction, matter is neither created nor destro…
"All samples of a given compound, regardless of their source,…
"Elements can combine in different ways to form different sub…
Elements are made of tiny particles called atoms
Law of Conservation of Mass... -Lavoisier
"In a chemical reaction, matter is neither created nor destro…
Law of Definite Proportions... -Proust
"All samples of a given compound, regardless of their source,…
24 terms
General Chemistry Chapter 2
Subatomic Particles
Radioactivity
Nucleus
Electronic Charge
Particles such as protons, electrons, and neutrons that are s…
The spontaneous disintegration of an unstable atomic nucleus…
The very small, very dense, positively charged portion of an…
The negative charge carried by an electron; it has a magnitud…
Subatomic Particles
Particles such as protons, electrons, and neutrons that are s…
Radioactivity
The spontaneous disintegration of an unstable atomic nucleus…
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