How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "general chemistry chapter 11"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "general chemistry chapter 11"

10 terms
General Chemistry Chapter 11
Intermolecular Forces
Ion-Dipole Forces
Dipole-Dipole Forces
London Dispersion Forces
The short-range attractive forces operating between the parti…
The force that exists between an ion and a neutral polar mole…
The force that exists because of the interactions of dipoles…
Intermolecular forces resulting from attractions between indu…
Intermolecular Forces
The short-range attractive forces operating between the parti…
Ion-Dipole Forces
The force that exists between an ion and a neutral polar mole…
13 terms
General Chemistry Chapter 11
M=mmoles/mL
solution of known concentration
graduated glass tube for delivering kn…
substance that causes color change ind…
Molarity equation:
Titrant:
Buret:
Indicator:
M=mmoles/mL
Molarity equation:
solution of known concentration
Titrant:
18 terms
General Chemistry Chapter 11 (Redox)
11.1 Oxidation-Reduction Reactions
Redox reaction
Oxidizing agent
Reducing agent
...
Simultaneous oxidation (loss of electrons) and reduction (gai…
Causes oxidation, therefore TAKES electrons and gets reduced
Causes reduction, therefore GIVES electrons and gets oxidized
11.1 Oxidation-Reduction Reactions
...
Redox reaction
Simultaneous oxidation (loss of electrons) and reduction (gai…
10 terms
General Chemistry Chapter 11
Intermolecular Forces
Ion-Dipole Forces
Dipole-Dipole Forces
London Dispersion Forces
The short-range attractive forces operating between the parti…
The force that exists between an ion and a neutral polar mole…
The force that exists because of the interactions of dipoles…
Intermolecular forces resulting from attractions between indu…
Intermolecular Forces
The short-range attractive forces operating between the parti…
Ion-Dipole Forces
The force that exists between an ion and a neutral polar mole…
15 terms
General Chemistry Chapter 11
Leigh's disease
reducing agent
table of oxidizing and reducing agents
oxidation numbers
an extremely rare mitochondrial disorder... a number of key mito…
causes the other atom to be reduced and is itself oxidized
pg 372
assigned to atoms in order to keep track of the redistributio…
Leigh's disease
an extremely rare mitochondrial disorder... a number of key mito…
reducing agent
causes the other atom to be reduced and is itself oxidized
16 terms
MCAT General Chemistry: Chapter 11
Oxidation-Reduction Reaction
Oxidation
Reduction
Redox Reaction
Involves the transfer of electrons from one chemical species…
Loss of electrons
Gain of electrons
Simultaneous oxidation and reduction, resulting in electron t…
Oxidation-Reduction Reaction
Involves the transfer of electrons from one chemical species…
Oxidation
Loss of electrons
General Chemistry Chapter 11
Oxidation-Reduction Reactions
Oxidizing Agent
Reducing Agent
Half-Reaction Method
Reactions that involve the transfer of electrons from one che…
Itself becomes reduced but oxidizes another molecule ... General…
Itself oxidizes and reduces another atom ... Generally contain m…
1. Separate two half-reactions... 2. Balance non H and O atoms... 3…
Oxidation-Reduction Reactions
Reactions that involve the transfer of electrons from one che…
Oxidizing Agent
Itself becomes reduced but oxidizes another molecule ... General…
13 terms
General Chemistry Chapter 11: Oxidation-Reduction Reactions
Oxidizing agents
Reducing agents
Oxidation number
Difference between formal charge and o…
Things with more than one oxygen (besides NaClO), halogens, P…
Things with a lot of hydrogen, CO, C, Sn2+, Zn(Hg), Lindlar's…
If it doesn't have a charge, sum of oxidation numbers must be…
Formal charge will split electrons equally. Oxidation number…
Oxidizing agents
Things with more than one oxygen (besides NaClO), halogens, P…
Reducing agents
Things with a lot of hydrogen, CO, C, Sn2+, Zn(Hg), Lindlar's…
31 terms
General Chemistry Chapter 11
oxidation-reduction (redox) reactions
oxidation
reduction
oxidizing agent
reactions that involve the transfer of electrons from one che…
loss of electrons
gain of electrons
causes another atom in a redox reaction to undergo oxidation…
oxidation-reduction (redox) reactions
reactions that involve the transfer of electrons from one che…
oxidation
loss of electrons
67 terms
General Chemistry 2: chapter 11
11.1 Intermolecular forces
11.2 In the condensed states these par…
Particles in the liquid state
Particles in the solid state
attractive forces that exist between molecules and atoms
liquid and solid
roll and tumble over each other
vibrate back and forth
11.1 Intermolecular forces
attractive forces that exist between molecules and atoms
11.2 In the condensed states these par…
liquid and solid
29 terms
MCAT General Chemistry Chapter 11 - Redox Reactions & Electrochemistry
OIL RIG
Oxidizing Agent
Reducing Agent
Where are the electrons in redox react…
oxidation is loss... reduction is gain
Oxidizing agent gains electrons (gets reduced) so another spe…
Reducing agent loses electrons (gets oxidized) so another spe…
oxidation half reactions ---> e⁻s in the products (anode)... red…
OIL RIG
oxidation is loss... reduction is gain
Oxidizing Agent
Oxidizing agent gains electrons (gets reduced) so another spe…
16 terms
General Chemistry Chapter 11 - Oxidation-Reduction reactions
zero
the charge of the ion. For example, th…
+1
+2.
The oxidation number of a free element is zero. For example,…
The oxidation number for a monatomic ion is equal to __________
The oxidation number of each Group IA element in a compound i…
The oxidation number of each Group IIA element in a compound…
zero
The oxidation number of a free element is zero. For example,…
the charge of the ion. For example, th…
The oxidation number for a monatomic ion is equal to __________
23 terms
General chemistry chapter 11 review
Oxidation is the loss of electrons, re…
A molecule or atom that facilitates th…
A molecule or atom that facilitates th…
Oxygen or other similar electronegativ…
OIL RIG
Oxidizing agent
Reducing agent
Component of almost all common oxidizing agents
Oxidation is the loss of electrons, re…
OIL RIG
A molecule or atom that facilitates th…
Oxidizing agent
16 terms
MCAT General Chemistry: Chapter 11
Oxidation-Reduction Reaction
Oxidation
Reduction
Redox Reaction
Involves the transfer of electrons from one chemical species…
Loss of electrons
Gain of electrons
Simultaneous oxidation and reduction, resulting in electron t…
Oxidation-Reduction Reaction
Involves the transfer of electrons from one chemical species…
Oxidation
Loss of electrons
31 terms
General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry Chapter 11
organic compound
organic compounds may also contain?
Organic compounds typically
Inorganic Compound
is a compound made from carbon and hydrogen atoms
nonmetals such at O, S, N, P, H
have covalent bonds... have low melting and boiling points... are…
have high melting and boiling points.... usually soluble in wate…
organic compound
is a compound made from carbon and hydrogen atoms
organic compounds may also contain?
nonmetals such at O, S, N, P, H
29 terms
MCAT General Chemistry Chapter 11 - Redox Reactions & Electrochemistry
OIL RIG
Oxidizing Agent
Reducing Agent
Where are the electrons in redox react…
oxidation is loss... reduction is gain
Oxidizing agent gains electrons (gets reduced) so another spe…
Reducing agent loses electrons (gets oxidized) so another spe…
oxidation half reactions ---> e⁻s in the products (anode)... red…
OIL RIG
oxidation is loss... reduction is gain
Oxidizing Agent
Oxidizing agent gains electrons (gets reduced) so another spe…
29 terms
MCAT General Chemistry Chapter 11 - Redox Reactions & Electrochemistry
OIL RIG
Oxidizing Agent
Reducing Agent
Where are the electrons in redox react…
oxidation is loss... reduction is gain
Oxidizing agent gains electrons (gets reduced) so another spe…
Reducing agent loses electrons (gets oxidized) so another spe…
oxidation half reactions ---> e⁻s in the products (anode)... red…
OIL RIG
oxidation is loss... reduction is gain
Oxidizing Agent
Oxidizing agent gains electrons (gets reduced) so another spe…
6 terms
General Chemistry: Chapter 11: Oxidation-Reduction Reactions
-PO4 should be recognized as a -3 ion…
1) break up into MnO4 --> Mn2+ and I-…
Since SO4 is unchanged (-2 in both cas…
there actually is NO NIE! Why?... - Brea…
BPO4 what are the oxidation numbers? And for H2, F2 etc? But…
Creating half reactions for redox.... Mn04- + I- --> I2 + Mn2+
Define the spectator ion and write the net ionic equation:... Z…
What is the net ionic equation for:... NaNO3 (aq) + HCl (aq) -->…
-PO4 should be recognized as a -3 ion…
BPO4 what are the oxidation numbers? And for H2, F2 etc? But…
1) break up into MnO4 --> Mn2+ and I-…
Creating half reactions for redox.... Mn04- + I- --> I2 + Mn2+
33 terms
Dornshuld's General Chemistry Chapter 11: Gases
This theory explains how the molecular…
The average ________ ________ of gas m…
The speed of a molecule with the avera…
What is the root mean square speed for…
kinetic molecular theory of gases
kinetic energy, absolute temperature
root mean square speed
Urms = √(3RT)/M (Where R = ideal gas constant, T = temperatur…
This theory explains how the molecular…
kinetic molecular theory of gases
The average ________ ________ of gas m…
kinetic energy, absolute temperature
17 terms
General Chemistry~ Chapter 11~ Polymers~ Vocabulary
Organic chemistry
hydrocarbon
Alkane
Alkene
the study of carbon based compounds
an organic molecule that contains hydrogen and carbon atoms
a saturated hydrocarbon that has only carbon to carbon single…
an unsaturated hydrocarbon that contains one or more double b…
Organic chemistry
the study of carbon based compounds
hydrocarbon
an organic molecule that contains hydrogen and carbon atoms
35 terms
General Chemistry Chapter 11: Oxidation-Reduction Reactions
Common oxidizing agents
Common reducing agents
Assigning oxidation numbers
Balancing redox reactions
O₂, H₂O₂, F₂, Cl₂, Br₂, I₂, H₂SO₄, HNO₃, NaClO, KMnO₄, CrO₃,…
CO, C, B₂H₆, Sn²⁺ & other pure metals, hydrazine, Zn(Hg), Lin…
Start with groups 1 (+1) and 2 (+2) then assign numbers to mo…
Separate into 2 half reactions, add H₂O to balance O and H⁺ t…
Common oxidizing agents
O₂, H₂O₂, F₂, Cl₂, Br₂, I₂, H₂SO₄, HNO₃, NaClO, KMnO₄, CrO₃,…
Common reducing agents
CO, C, B₂H₆, Sn²⁺ & other pure metals, hydrazine, Zn(Hg), Lin…
105 terms
General Chemistry 2: Chapter 11 and 13
Intermolecular Forces and the... Physical…
Properties of Common Phases of Matter…
Liquid
Solid
Gas, Liquid, Solid
Particle Motion: continuous & random... Order: disordered... Partic…
Particle Motion: continuous & random... Order: disordered groups…
Particle Motion: continuous & random... Order: ordered, repeatin…
Intermolecular Forces and the... Physical…
Gas, Liquid, Solid
Properties of Common Phases of Matter…
Particle Motion: continuous & random... Order: disordered... Partic…
15 terms
Chapter 11 chemistry
Units of pressure conversions
Units of volume conversions
Units of temperature conversion
Units of mass conversion:
1 atm: 760 mmHg: 760 torr: 101.3 kPa
Only use Liters... 1000 mL: 1 L
0° C: 273 K... (Add 273 to C)
Grams- Mols... /by molar mass of compound
Units of pressure conversions
1 atm: 760 mmHg: 760 torr: 101.3 kPa
Units of volume conversions
Only use Liters... 1000 mL: 1 L
11 terms
Chemistry chapter 11
coordinate-covalent bond
strength
concentration
strong
which is a covalent bond in which one atom furnishes both of…
refers to the amount of ionization or breaking apart that a p…
the amount of acid or base that you initially have
it ionizes completely
coordinate-covalent bond
which is a covalent bond in which one atom furnishes both of…
strength
refers to the amount of ionization or breaking apart that a p…
18 terms
MCAT General Chemistry Chapter 11- Oxidation-Reduction Reactions
Oxidation-reduction (redox) reactions
Oxidation
Reduction
Oxidizing agent
reactions that involve the transfer of electrons from one che…
loss of electrons
gain of electrons
causes another atom in a redox reaction to undergo oxidation…
Oxidation-reduction (redox) reactions
reactions that involve the transfer of electrons from one che…
Oxidation
loss of electrons
31 terms
An introduction to General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry Chapter 11- Timberlake
organic compound
organic compounds may also contain?
Organic compounds typically
Inorganic Compound
is a compound made from carbon and hydrogen atoms
nonmetals such at O, S, N, P, H
have covalent bonds... have low melting and boiling points... are…
have high melting and boiling points.... usually soluble in wate…
organic compound
is a compound made from carbon and hydrogen atoms
organic compounds may also contain?
nonmetals such at O, S, N, P, H
Chemistry Chapter 11 Stoichiometry
stoichiometry
mole ratio
limiting reactant
excess reactant
the study of quantitative relationships between the amounts o…
in a balanced equation, the ratio between the number of moles…
a reactant that is totally consumed during a chemical reactio…
a reactant that remains after a chemical reaction stops
stoichiometry
the study of quantitative relationships between the amounts o…
mole ratio
in a balanced equation, the ratio between the number of moles…
17 terms
Chapter 11 Chemistry
element
mass
volume
density
A substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances
A measure of how much matter is in an object
Amount of space occupied by an object
Mass / Volume how closely packet a substance's atoms are
element
A substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances
mass
A measure of how much matter is in an object
49 terms
Chemistry Chapter 11
unit cell of a crystal
Crystal lattice
sublimation
deposition
Building block of a crystal. Something like a lego.
3D pattern that depends on the number and kinds of particles…
solid to gas
gas to solid
unit cell of a crystal
Building block of a crystal. Something like a lego.
Crystal lattice
3D pattern that depends on the number and kinds of particles…
52 terms
Chapter 11 + Generals
Border States
Martial law
South's advantage in Civil War
North advantages
Slave states that did not secede (Delaware, Kentucky, Marylan…
A type of rule where military is in charge in citizens rights…
Better generals: Robert E. Lee/ fighting on familiar turf 11.1
Population, railroads, factories, navy. 11.1
Border States
Slave states that did not secede (Delaware, Kentucky, Marylan…
Martial law
A type of rule where military is in charge in citizens rights…
18 terms
MCAT General Chemistry Chapter 11- Oxidation-Reduction Reactions
Oxidation-reduction (redox) reactions
Oxidation
Reduction
Oxidizing agent
reactions that involve the transfer of electrons from one che…
loss of electrons
gain of electrons
causes another atom in a redox reaction to undergo oxidation…
Oxidation-reduction (redox) reactions
reactions that involve the transfer of electrons from one che…
Oxidation
loss of electrons
31 terms
An introduction to General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry Chapter 11- Timberlake
organic compound
organic compounds may also contain?
Organic compounds typically
Inorganic Compound
is a compound made from carbon and hydrogen atoms
nonmetals such at O, S, N, P, H
have covalent bonds... have low melting and boiling points... are…
have high melting and boiling points.... usually soluble in wate…
organic compound
is a compound made from carbon and hydrogen atoms
organic compounds may also contain?
nonmetals such at O, S, N, P, H
31 terms
An introduction to General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry Chapter 11- Timberlake
organic compound
organic compounds may also contain?
Organic compounds typically
Inorganic Compound
is a compound made from carbon and hydrogen atoms
nonmetals such at O, S, N, P, H
have covalent bonds... have low melting and boiling points... are…
have high melting and boiling points.... usually soluble in wate…
organic compound
is a compound made from carbon and hydrogen atoms
organic compounds may also contain?
nonmetals such at O, S, N, P, H
Chapter 11 general
Arteries
veins
capillaries
pathway of blood through the heart
are the vessels that lead away from the heart.
have thinner walls than arteries and move deoxygenated blood…
are the smallest vessels. They form the point of exchange for…
Arteries
are the vessels that lead away from the heart.
veins
have thinner walls than arteries and move deoxygenated blood…
30 terms
Chapter 11 General Term
alveolus
anthracosis
apnea
asphyxia
pertaining to a small air sac in the lungs
lung condition caused by inhalation of coal dust and silica;…
temporary cessation of breathing
emergency condition in which there is a depletion of oxygen i…
alveolus
pertaining to a small air sac in the lungs
anthracosis
lung condition caused by inhalation of coal dust and silica;…
25 terms
General Biology Chapter 11
Adaption
Adaptive radiation
Allopatric speciation
Analogous structure
a heritable trait or behavior in an organism that aids in its…
a speciation when one species radiates out to form several ot…
a speciation that occurs via a geographic separation
a structure that is similar because of evolution in response…
Adaption
a heritable trait or behavior in an organism that aids in its…
Adaptive radiation
a speciation when one species radiates out to form several ot…
18 terms
MCAT General Chemistry Chapter 11- Oxidation-Reduction Reactions
Oxidation-reduction (redox) reactions
Oxidation
Reduction
Oxidizing agent
reactions that involve the transfer of electrons from one che…
loss of electrons
gain of electrons
causes another atom in a redox reaction to undergo oxidation…
Oxidation-reduction (redox) reactions
reactions that involve the transfer of electrons from one che…
Oxidation
loss of electrons
18 terms
MCAT General Chemistry Chapter 11- Oxidation-Reduction Reactions
Oxidation-reduction (redox) reactions
Oxidation
Reduction
Oxidizing agent
reactions that involve the transfer of electrons from one che…
loss of electrons
gain of electrons
causes another atom in a redox reaction to undergo oxidation…
Oxidation-reduction (redox) reactions
reactions that involve the transfer of electrons from one che…
Oxidation
loss of electrons
22 terms
Chapter 11: Chemistry of Living Things
Element
Compound
Carbohydrate
Lipid
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom.
A substance formed by chemically combining two or more elemen…
One of four organic compounds found in all living things. Sug…
One of four organic compounds found in living things. Fats an…
Element
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom.
Compound
A substance formed by chemically combining two or more elemen…
21 terms
Chemistry Chapter 11: Nuclear Chemistry
radioisotopes
radioactive decay
background radiation
ionizing radiation
isotopes of elements that have undergone radioactive decay
unstable nuclei that undergo changed in nucleon number, atomi…
naturally occurring radiation that we are exposed to constantly
dislodges electrons from living tissue and forming ions, incl…
radioisotopes
isotopes of elements that have undergone radioactive decay
radioactive decay
unstable nuclei that undergo changed in nucleon number, atomi…
General Science Chapter 11 Motion
frame of reference
What is distance
What is displacement
How Can displacement be positive
Viewpoint of the situation (reference point)
How far you travel
How far you are from the starting point and it has direction
moving away from the reference point
frame of reference
Viewpoint of the situation (reference point)
What is distance
How far you travel
11 terms
Chapter 11 Generation Broke
crisis
previous
pursue
anxiety
noun; a situation in which there are a lot of problems that m…
adj; coming or occurring before something else; prior:
verb; to continue doing an activity or trying to achieve some…
noun; the feeling of being very worried about something [= co…
crisis
noun; a situation in which there are a lot of problems that m…
previous
adj; coming or occurring before something else; prior:
14 terms
General Science Chapter 11
Inertia
free fall
Terminal Velocity
Speed
the tendency of an object to remain at rest or in motion with…
the motion of a body when only the force of gravity is acting…
The maximum velocity reached by a falling object that occurs…
Distance traveled per unit of time. This is a measurement of…
Inertia
the tendency of an object to remain at rest or in motion with…
free fall
the motion of a body when only the force of gravity is acting…
29 terms
General Bio Chapter 11
DNA
Nucleotide
Nitrogen Base
Doxyribose
Deoxyribonucleic acid; molecule responsible for inheritance;…
Building blocks of nucleic acid polymers
a single or double ring of carbon and nitrogen atoms with fun…
A sugar derived from ribose by replacing a hydroxyl group wit…
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid; molecule responsible for inheritance;…
Nucleotide
Building blocks of nucleic acid polymers
25 terms
Chemistry chapter 11
electromagnetic radiation
electromagnetic spectrum
wavelength
frequency
energy in the form of electric and magnetic waves
the range of frequencies and corresponding wavelengths of ele…
distance between peaks in a wave
the number of waves that pass a certain point in one second
electromagnetic radiation
energy in the form of electric and magnetic waves
electromagnetic spectrum
the range of frequencies and corresponding wavelengths of ele…
71 terms
General Chemistry II: Chapter 11: Intermolecular Forces Liquids and Solids
States of Matter: Gas
States of Matter: Liquid
States of Matter: Crystalline Solid
What are the FOUR Kinetic Molecular Th…
Total disorder; much empty space; particles have complete fre…
Disorder; particles or clusters of particles are free to move…
ordered arrangement; particles are essentially in fixed posit…
-As a gas is cooled its kinetic energy is lowered and the att…
States of Matter: Gas
Total disorder; much empty space; particles have complete fre…
States of Matter: Liquid
Disorder; particles or clusters of particles are free to move…
10 terms
Chapter 11 Chemistry
Temperature
Heat
Specific Heat Capacity
Thermodynamics
Average Kinetic Energy of particles
Total Kinetic Energy of particles
Amount of heat needed to raise the temperature of 1g of a sub…
Study for energy flow
Temperature
Average Kinetic Energy of particles
Heat
Total Kinetic Energy of particles
29 terms
Chapter 11 Chemistry
combination
decomposition
Single replacement
double replacement
two or more substances react to form a single new substance
- reaction involving one 1 reactant & 2 or more products... - A…
- a chemical change in which one element replaces a second el…
- Change between 2 ionic compounds that are both (aq) ... - Cati…
combination
two or more substances react to form a single new substance
decomposition
- reaction involving one 1 reactant & 2 or more products... - A…
10 terms
Chemistry: Chapter 11
chemical equation
Skeleton equation
catalyst
coefficients
representation of a chemical reaction; reactants on left, pro…
chemical equation that does not indicate the amounts of react…
substance that speeds up the reaction but is not used up
small whole numbers placed in front of the formulas in an equ…
chemical equation
representation of a chemical reaction; reactants on left, pro…
Skeleton equation
chemical equation that does not indicate the amounts of react…
20 terms
MCAT General Chemistry Review: Chapter 11-Oxidation-Reduction Reactions
Oxidation-reduction reactions
Oxidation numbers
What are the two exceptions to the rul…
What is the difference between formal…
reactions that involve the transfer of electrons from one che…
assigned to atoms in order to keep track of the redistributio…
Peroxides, for which the charge on each oxygen is -1 and comp…
Oxidation number assumes unequal division of electrons in bon…
Oxidation-reduction reactions
reactions that involve the transfer of electrons from one che…
Oxidation numbers
assigned to atoms in order to keep track of the redistributio…
1 of 10