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Study sets matching "general psych"

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Study sets matching "general psych"

62 terms
General Psychology
Stress
Chronic stress and adversive health co…
Stressors
Daily Hassles
In psychology, stress is a feeling of strain and pressure. Sm…
Chronic stress is the response to emotional pressure suffered…
Are the things or situations that cause you to stress out.
Small stressful events that can happen in the course of a day…
Stress
In psychology, stress is a feeling of strain and pressure. Sm…
Chronic stress and adversive health co…
Chronic stress is the response to emotional pressure suffered…
General Psychology
Psychology
Experimental psychology
Cognitive psychology
Developmental Psychology
Scientific study of behavior and mental processes
Studies the processes of sensing, perceiving, learning, and t…
Focuses on higher mental processes
Studies how people grow and change from the moment of concept…
Psychology
Scientific study of behavior and mental processes
Experimental psychology
Studies the processes of sensing, perceiving, learning, and t…
64 terms
General Psychology
What is Psychology
What are the four Goals of psychology?
What is the Bio psychosocial model?
Basic research
The scientific study of behavior and mental processes
Describe, Explain, Predict, change
anything placing a demand on you causing stress (Social, biol…
to advance in scientific knowledge
What is Psychology
The scientific study of behavior and mental processes
What are the four Goals of psychology?
Describe, Explain, Predict, change
90 terms
General Psychology Final Review
goals of psychology
scientific method steps
type of descriptive research
neuron/information transfer
Description - describe, often in a detailed manner, behavior…
1. identify question... 2. state hypothesis... 3. select method, ch…
- case study... - survey... - naturalistic observation
1. dendrites - receive ... 2. soma - cell body... 3. axon - transmi…
goals of psychology
Description - describe, often in a detailed manner, behavior…
scientific method steps
1. identify question... 2. state hypothesis... 3. select method, ch…
74 terms
General Psychology
Psychology
Experimental psychology
Cognitive psychology
Developmental Psychology
Scientific study of behavior and mental processes
Studies the processes of sensing, perceiving, learning, and t…
Focuses on higher mental processes
Studies how people grow and change from the moment of concept…
Psychology
Scientific study of behavior and mental processes
Experimental psychology
Studies the processes of sensing, perceiving, learning, and t…
21 terms
general psychology
Why is it important to scientifically…
psychology
evolutionary
cross- cultural
If necessary resources are misused and/or depleted, it may im…
The scientific study of human behaviorand thought process
Behavior that were adaptive in our past. ( genetics) ... How the…
cultural's in which we develop ... How culture influences our th…
Why is it important to scientifically…
If necessary resources are misused and/or depleted, it may im…
psychology
The scientific study of human behaviorand thought process
20 terms
General Psychology
Infinite generativity
Conditions of worth
Big five personality factors
Self-efficacy
The ability of language to produce an endless number of meani…
The standards that individuals must live up to to receive pos…
The broad traits that describe the main dimensions of persona…
The belief that one can accomplish a given goal or task and p…
Infinite generativity
The ability of language to produce an endless number of meani…
Conditions of worth
The standards that individuals must live up to to receive pos…
General Psychology
Psychology
Dualism
Materialism
Empiricism
the study of behavior and mind... -behavior: any observable acti…
idea material body, but immaterial soul
only the material exists... evidence: biological processes can e…
knowledge is gained through experience... (thought of as we have…
Psychology
the study of behavior and mind... -behavior: any observable acti…
Dualism
idea material body, but immaterial soul
General Psychology
Psychology
Experimental psychology
Cognitive psychology
Developmental Psychology
Scientific study of behavior and mental processes
Studies the processes of sensing, perceiving, learning, and t…
Focuses on higher mental processes
Studies how people grow and change from the moment of concept…
Psychology
Scientific study of behavior and mental processes
Experimental psychology
Studies the processes of sensing, perceiving, learning, and t…
40 terms
Developmental Psychology/General Psych
Developmental Psychology
zygote
embryo
fetus
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
the fertilized human egg; it enters a 2-week period of rapid…
the developing human organism from about 2 weeks after fertil…
the developing human organism from 9 weeks after conception t…
Developmental Psychology
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
zygote
the fertilized human egg; it enters a 2-week period of rapid…
454 terms
General Psychology
Absentmindedness
Accommodation
Accuracy
Acetylcholine (ACh)
The inattentive or shallow encoding of events
The process by which we create a new schema or drastically al…
The extent to which an experimental measure is free from error
The neurotransmitter responsible for motor control at the jun…
Absentmindedness
The inattentive or shallow encoding of events
Accommodation
The process by which we create a new schema or drastically al…
14 terms
General Psychology
Behavior is influenced by processes in…
behavior is due to processes taking pl…
behavior is guided mostly by unconscio…
it is important to understand a person…
cognitive approach
biological approach
psycho-dynamic approach
social cultural approach
Behavior is influenced by processes in…
cognitive approach
behavior is due to processes taking pl…
biological approach
20 terms
General Psychology: Chapter 10
Motivation
Instincts
Drive
Need
force that moves people to behave, think and feel how they do
innate (unlearned) biological pattern of behavior that is ass…
aroused state that occurs because of a psychological need
deprivation that energizes the drive to eliminate or reduce t…
Motivation
force that moves people to behave, think and feel how they do
Instincts
innate (unlearned) biological pattern of behavior that is ass…
60 terms
General Psychology
Psychology is the scientific study of…
Who set up the very first psychology l…
What does William James' book, The Pri…
The idea of "talking about what comes…
...Behavior and Mental Processes
...Wilhelm Wundt
...
...
Psychology is the scientific study of…
...Behavior and Mental Processes
Who set up the very first psychology l…
...Wilhelm Wundt
33 terms
General Psychology Ch.2
Medulla
Reticular Formation
Thalamus
Hypothalamus
Controls vital reflexes. Regulation of breathing, heart rate…
A network of nerve fibers located in the center of the medull…
A structure in the forebrain through which all sensory inform…
Small, pea-sized structure in the forebrain that helps regula…
Medulla
Controls vital reflexes. Regulation of breathing, heart rate…
Reticular Formation
A network of nerve fibers located in the center of the medull…
41 terms
General Psychology Chapter 9
Stages of Prenatal Development
Zygote
Amniotic Sac
Umbilical Cord
Germinal stage: 2 weeks.... Embryonic stage: 2-8 week. major org…
A fertilized egg cell
The uterine sac that contains the fetus.
The embryo and fetus are connected to the placenta by the umb…
Stages of Prenatal Development
Germinal stage: 2 weeks.... Embryonic stage: 2-8 week. major org…
Zygote
A fertilized egg cell
41 terms
General Psychology Test 1
Psychology
Roots of Psychology
Birth of Science
Structuralism
science of behavior and mental process
Philosophy (Aristotle-1st Psychologist)... Physiology (critical…
Wundt's Laboratory- Germany 1879 (Father of Psychology)
Wundt "atoms of the mind" ... - his student Titchner used intros…
Psychology
science of behavior and mental process
Roots of Psychology
Philosophy (Aristotle-1st Psychologist)... Physiology (critical…
14 terms
General Psychology Drugs
psychoactive drugs
addiction
tolerance
dependency
Chemicals that affect our nervous systems, and, as a result,…
Means a person has developed a behavioral pattern of drug abu…
Means that after a person uses a drug repeatedly over a perio…
Refers to a change in the nervous system so that a person now…
psychoactive drugs
Chemicals that affect our nervous systems, and, as a result,…
addiction
Means a person has developed a behavioral pattern of drug abu…
38 terms
General Psychology
agonists
antagonists
brain plasticity
association cortex
Chemical substances that mimic or enhance the effects of a ne…
Chemical substances that block or reduce a cell's response to…
The capacity for the brain to alter its structure and function.
Cortical regions throughout the brain that combine informatio…
agonists
Chemical substances that mimic or enhance the effects of a ne…
antagonists
Chemical substances that block or reduce a cell's response to…
44 terms
general psychology
Learning
Conditioning
Classical conditioning
Ivan Pavlov
A process that produces a relatively enduring change in behav…
the process of learning associations between environmental ev…
the basic learning process that involves repeatedly pairing a…
Russian physiologist who first described the basic learning p…
Learning
A process that produces a relatively enduring change in behav…
Conditioning
the process of learning associations between environmental ev…
108 terms
General Psychology - Exam 2
What is the last lobe of the brain to…
Moro Reflex
Rooting Reflex
Sucking Reflex
The Frontal lobe is the last lobe to develop. The frontal lob…
Startle Reflex
Assists in the acting of breastfeeding. A newborn infant will…
Linked with the rooting reflex as it causes a child to instin…
What is the last lobe of the brain to…
The Frontal lobe is the last lobe to develop. The frontal lob…
Moro Reflex
Startle Reflex
62 terms
General Psychology
Stress
Chronic stress and adversive health co…
Stressors
Daily Hassles
In psychology, stress is a feeling of strain and pressure. Sm…
Chronic stress is the response to emotional pressure suffered…
Are the things or situations that cause you to stress out.
Small stressful events that can happen in the course of a day…
Stress
In psychology, stress is a feeling of strain and pressure. Sm…
Chronic stress and adversive health co…
Chronic stress is the response to emotional pressure suffered…
21 terms
General Psychology
Psychology
Psychophysics
Introspection
Structuralism
The science of behavior and mental processes.
Methods that measure the strength of a stimulus and the obser…
Careful self-examination and reporting of one's conscious exp…
Defines structure of the mind by breaking down mental experie…
Psychology
The science of behavior and mental processes.
Psychophysics
Methods that measure the strength of a stimulus and the obser…
44 terms
General Psychology Chapter 2
Neuron
Structure of a Neuron
Neurotransmitters
Glial Cells
responsible for information transmission throughout the nervo…
specialized chemicals that facilitate or inhibit the transmis…
do not directly transmit information, but instead support neu…
Neuron
responsible for information transmission throughout the nervo…
Structure of a Neuron
28 terms
General Psychology
Psychology
Psychoanalysis
Ego
SuperEgo
The science of behavior and mental processes
The theory that our personalities are shaped by unconscious m…
Rational planning, mediating dimension
Moralistic, judgmental, perfectionist dimension of personalit…
Psychology
The science of behavior and mental processes
Psychoanalysis
The theory that our personalities are shaped by unconscious m…
88 terms
General Psychology
Problems relying on intuition and comm…
Hindsight Bias
Overconfidence
Perceiving Order in Random Events
Hindsight bias, overconfidence, perception of patterns in ran…
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
We think we know more than we do
Our observations are not always accurate
Problems relying on intuition and comm…
Hindsight bias, overconfidence, perception of patterns in ran…
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
24 terms
Chapter 6 General Psychology
Chunking
20 seconds
Long term memory
Memory
The grouping of related items together into a single unit tha…
Duration of short term memory
Can hold information for potentially a lifetime
Mental processes that enable us to acquire, retain, and retri…
Chunking
The grouping of related items together into a single unit tha…
20 seconds
Duration of short term memory
52 terms
General psychology
Biopsychosocial Model
well being
stressor
(GAS) General adaptation syndrome
health and illness result from a combination of factors inclu…
is a positive state in which we fell our best
an environment or stimulus that threatens an organism
a consistent pattern of physical responses to stress that con…
Biopsychosocial Model
health and illness result from a combination of factors inclu…
well being
is a positive state in which we fell our best
76 terms
General Psychology
Psychology
Experimental psychology
Cognitive psychology
Developmental Psychology
Scientific study of behavior and mental processes
Studies the processes of sensing, perceiving, learning, and t…
Focuses on higher mental processes
Studies how people grow and change from the moment of concept…
Psychology
Scientific study of behavior and mental processes
Experimental psychology
Studies the processes of sensing, perceiving, learning, and t…
40 terms
General Psychology
Stages of Cognitive Development
Development Psychology ( Child Psychol…
Descartes (Nature)
Locke (Nurture)
Sensorimotor (Birth - 2 years)... PreOperational (2- 7 years)... Co…
Physical, Personality, Cognitive, Social Changes
(Innate and DNA) 1) Anatomical Growth/ Biological Changes 2)F…
(Functioning of experience) 1) Learning 2)Classical condition…
Stages of Cognitive Development
Sensorimotor (Birth - 2 years)... PreOperational (2- 7 years)... Co…
Development Psychology ( Child Psychol…
Physical, Personality, Cognitive, Social Changes
78 terms
General Psychology
Latent Learning
Associative Learning
Neutral Stimulus
Conditioned Stimulus
learning that is not immediately expressed by a response unti…
learning that certain events occurs together.
a stimulus that does not initially elicit a response.
once neutral stimulus that elicits a conditioned response bec…
Latent Learning
learning that is not immediately expressed by a response unti…
Associative Learning
learning that certain events occurs together.
31 terms
General psychology
Psycology
Behaviorism
Prediction
Control
The scientific study of behavior and mental process
Science of a behavior that focuses on observable behavior
Will it happen again?
How can it be changed?
Psycology
The scientific study of behavior and mental process
Behaviorism
Science of a behavior that focuses on observable behavior
8 terms
General Psychology
Structuralism
Introspection
Functionalism
Psychodynamic Theory
Wilhelm Wundt (founded first lab) and Edward Titchener... -consc…
main methodology of structuralism... -personal observation of ou…
William James (first American psychologist)... -our consciousnes…
Sigmund Freud (1856-1939)... -our behavior is deeply influenced…
Structuralism
Wilhelm Wundt (founded first lab) and Edward Titchener... -consc…
Introspection
main methodology of structuralism... -personal observation of ou…
107 terms
General Psychology
Measurements of Consciousness
EEG
PET scan
Selective Attention
EEG and PET scans
electroencephalogram; electrodes are placed on the scalp to p…
Position emission tomography; usage of a dye that has radioac…
when one is attending to one event when presented with many
Measurements of Consciousness
EEG and PET scans
EEG
electroencephalogram; electrodes are placed on the scalp to p…
18 terms
General Psychology
Practical living with spiritual emphas…
has a hard time saying no-overcommittm…
Elisabeth, Paul (the great exhorter)
wise financially, advance the work of…
Exhorter assets
Exhorter Liabilities
Exhorter examples
Giver assets
Practical living with spiritual emphas…
Exhorter assets
has a hard time saying no-overcommittm…
Exhorter Liabilities
48 terms
General Psychology
The Demands of High School
The Demands of College
Armchair Psychology
3 Different Types of Understanding
Class discussions, participatory grades, less study time
Learn from textbooks, bulk of grade is from exams, more study…
Trying to understand behavior and mental processes without re…
Definition, conceptual and applicational
The Demands of High School
Class discussions, participatory grades, less study time
The Demands of College
Learn from textbooks, bulk of grade is from exams, more study…
108 terms
General Psychology Test 2
key question 4.1... what sort of learning…
learning
habituation
mere exposure effect
core concept 4.1... classical conditioning is a basic form of le…
process through which experience produces a lasting change in…
learning not to respond to repeated presentation of a stimulus
a learned preference for stimuli to which we have been previo…
key question 4.1... what sort of learning…
core concept 4.1... classical conditioning is a basic form of le…
learning
process through which experience produces a lasting change in…
302 terms
General Psychology
Learning
Classical Conditioning
Classical conditioning includes:
Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936)
Acquiring a new behavior due to experience
Learning by association between two stimuli (e.g. conditioned…
Taste aversions, food poisoning, advertising including things…
Russian physician studying digestive system and interested in…
Learning
Acquiring a new behavior due to experience
Classical Conditioning
Learning by association between two stimuli (e.g. conditioned…
11 terms
General Psychology (Social Psychology)
Lawrence Kohlberg
Emotions & Moral Judgement
Altruistic
Frustration-aggression hypothesis:
believed that moral development is best studied by presenting…
People cannot explain their strong judgments of what is immor…
Selflessness
When we judge that someone is responsible for preventing us f…
Lawrence Kohlberg
believed that moral development is best studied by presenting…
Emotions & Moral Judgement
People cannot explain their strong judgments of what is immor…
30 terms
General Psychology
Psychology
Cognitive psychology
Developmental psychology
Behavioral neuroscience
The scientific study of human thought and behavior
The study of how we perceive info, learn and remember, acquir…
Explores how thought and behavior change and show stability a…
The study of the links among the brain, mind, and behavior
Psychology
The scientific study of human thought and behavior
Cognitive psychology
The study of how we perceive info, learn and remember, acquir…
98 terms
General Psychology
Rationality
Truth
Objectivity
Realism
Use reason and evidence to achieve substantial and specified…
Statements that correspond with reality
Concern external physical object; they can be tested and veri…
Correspondence of human thoughts with external and independen…
Rationality
Use reason and evidence to achieve substantial and specified…
Truth
Statements that correspond with reality
38 terms
General Psychology
agonists
antagonists
brain plasticity
association cortex
Chemical substances that mimic or enhance the effects of a ne…
Chemical substances that block or reduce a cell's response to…
The capacity for the brain to alter its structure and function.
Cortical regions throughout the brain that combine informatio…
agonists
Chemical substances that mimic or enhance the effects of a ne…
antagonists
Chemical substances that block or reduce a cell's response to…
24 terms
General Psychology
Medulla
Cerebellium
Reticular Formation
Thalams
The part of the hind brain involved in regulating vital life…
A brain structure located in the back of the head; vital for…
A network of neurons involved in regulation attention, alertn…
A forebrain structure which relays information on to differen…
Medulla
The part of the hind brain involved in regulating vital life…
Cerebellium
A brain structure located in the back of the head; vital for…
228 terms
Psychology (general)
William Wundt
Perspectives of Psychology
Aristotle
What did Wundt study?
Credited with creating the first psychology research lab
Neuroscience, evolutionary, behavior genetics, psychodynamic,…
Naturalistic philosopher who thought the soul and body are co…
The mind through a functionalist perspective
William Wundt
Credited with creating the first psychology research lab
Perspectives of Psychology
Neuroscience, evolutionary, behavior genetics, psychodynamic,…
50 terms
GeneralPsychology
applied behavior analysis
behavior modification
biofeedback
biological preparedness
modern term for a form of functional analysis and behavior mo…
the use of operant conditioning techniques to bring about des…
using biofeedback about biological conditions to bring involu…
referring to the tendency of animals to learn certain associa…
applied behavior analysis
modern term for a form of functional analysis and behavior mo…
behavior modification
the use of operant conditioning techniques to bring about des…
16 terms
General Psychology
What is Personality?
What is Personality pt.2
Four Main Approaches to Personality
Basic Methods of Assessing... and Describ…
is the unique pattern of enduring thoughts, feelings, and act…
research focuses on understanding the origins or causes of th…
Psychodynamic... Trait... Social-Cognitive... Phenomenological
1. Observer ratings and situational tests allow direct assess…
What is Personality?
is the unique pattern of enduring thoughts, feelings, and act…
What is Personality pt.2
research focuses on understanding the origins or causes of th…
105 terms
General Psychology
control group
informed consent
experiment
hypothesis
the group of people who are not exposed to the particular man…
a written agreement to participate in a study made by an adul…
technique for establishing the causal relationship between va…
a falsifiable prediction made by a theory.
control group
the group of people who are not exposed to the particular man…
informed consent
a written agreement to participate in a study made by an adul…
19 terms
General Psychology
Primary reinforcer
Secondary reinforcer
Token reinforcer
Social reinforcer
Nonlearned and natural; satisfies physiological needs. (food/…
Learned reinforcer... money, grades, approval, praise
Tangible secondary reinforcer
Provided by other people
Primary reinforcer
Nonlearned and natural; satisfies physiological needs. (food/…
Secondary reinforcer
Learned reinforcer... money, grades, approval, praise
276 terms
General Psychology
Behaviorism
Psychologist
psychiatrist
psychotherapist
-the study of observable behavior since behavior is at the ro…
-has a doctoral degree in psychology focused on the clinical/…
-has a MD w/a specialty of diagnosing and treating mental dis…
-practices in a clinical setting, has MD, most common practit…
Behaviorism
-the study of observable behavior since behavior is at the ro…
Psychologist
-has a doctoral degree in psychology focused on the clinical/…
38 terms
General Psychology
psychology
behavior
mind
science
science of behavior and mind
observable actions
individual subjective experience
explained through collect and analysis of data
psychology
science of behavior and mind
behavior
observable actions
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