Study sets matching "general science chapter 7"

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Study sets matching "general science chapter 7"

General Science Chapter 7
Chemistry
Matter
Elements
Atom
The study of matter and its changes
Anything which has mass and takes up space
Purest forms of matter, they cannot be broken down into other…
Smallest unit of matter that has the properties of an element
Chemistry
The study of matter and its changes
Matter
Anything which has mass and takes up space
20 terms
General Science Chapter 7 Review
Photosynthesis
Pollen
Fruit
Pollination
process that plants use to make food in the form of sugar
light, powdery dust on stamens; contains the male sex cells
part of the plant that holds the seeds
process of transferring pollen from the stamen of a flower to…
Photosynthesis
process that plants use to make food in the form of sugar
Pollen
light, powdery dust on stamens; contains the male sex cells
131 terms
Chapter 7 general science
Mineral resources
Native elements
Elements
Ore
What can be either metals, such as gold, silver, aluminum, or…
Metallic minerals such as gold, silver, and copper are called…
Most other minerals in earth's crust are compounds of two or…
A natural mineral whose concentration of economically valuabl…
Mineral resources
What can be either metals, such as gold, silver, aluminum, or…
Native elements
Metallic minerals such as gold, silver, and copper are called…
General science Chapter 7
Kinetic friction
Gravity
Conservation Momentum
Field
The kind of friction when objects are moving past one another
The attractive force between tow objects
States that if no external force acts on a group of objects t…
A region with the same gravity is called
Kinetic friction
The kind of friction when objects are moving past one another
Gravity
The attractive force between tow objects
15 terms
AGS General Science Chapter 7 - Sound and Light
vibrate
sound wave
light
reflect
to move rapidly back and forth
a wave produced by vibration
a form of energy that can be seen
to bounce back
vibrate
to move rapidly back and forth
sound wave
a wave produced by vibration
Chapter 7 - General Science
What is a renewable energy resource?
What is a nonrenewable energy resource?
What are fossil fuels?
What elements mainly make up fossil fu…
A resource that can be recreated in the span of 1 lifetime
A resource that can't be remade in the span of a lifetime
Fuel made from the remains of living organisms
Carbon, Hydrogen, Sulfur, Nitrogen
What is a renewable energy resource?
A resource that can be recreated in the span of 1 lifetime
What is a nonrenewable energy resource?
A resource that can't be remade in the span of a lifetime
29 terms
General Science:Chapter 7:Chemical Reactions
electrolysis
subscript
enzymes
decomposition
using electrical current to separate components of a compound
used to signify how many atoms of each element are in a compo…
catalysts for chemical reactions in living things
reactions in which substances are broken apart
electrolysis
using electrical current to separate components of a compound
subscript
used to signify how many atoms of each element are in a compo…
43 terms
General Science Ch7 The Solar System
solar system
star
convection zone
core
The Sun and all of the bodies that orbit it.
A massive sphere of plasma held together by gravity
Layer of the Sun that surrounds the radiative zone where ener…
Extremely hot center of the Sun where nuclear fusion takes pl…
solar system
The Sun and all of the bodies that orbit it.
star
A massive sphere of plasma held together by gravity
30 terms
General Science Survey: Chapter 7
Atmosphere
atmosphere pressure
14.7 lb/in squared
Pressure
blanket of gases covering Earth
this is due to air's weight
Atmosphere pressure at sea level
this decreases with increasing altitude
Atmosphere
blanket of gases covering Earth
atmosphere pressure
this is due to air's weight
101 terms
General Science Terms Chapter 7-9
Atmosphere
Metorology
Homosphere
14.7lb/in2
The blanket of gases that surrounds our planet, to protect an…
The study of the atmosphere
Uniform composition of gases thing at higher altitudes. Exten…
What is atmospheric pressure due to air's weight
Atmosphere
The blanket of gases that surrounds our planet, to protect an…
Metorology
The study of the atmosphere
21 terms
General Psychology Chapter 7
First Stage of Memory
-Briefly holds "Sensory" Information a…
Second Stage of Memory
-Processes Conscious Experience... -Small…
Sensory Memory
Sensory Memory
Short-Term Memory (STM) OR Working Memory
Short- Term Memory (STM) OR Working Memory
First Stage of Memory
Sensory Memory
-Briefly holds "Sensory" Information a…
Sensory Memory
19 terms
Chapter 7 General Bio
Autotroph
Photosynthesis
Producer
Heterotroph
organism that makes its own food
process by which plants use the sun's energy to convert water…
organism that makes his own food and produces organic molecul…
organism that obtains food by eating other organisms
Autotroph
organism that makes its own food
Photosynthesis
process by which plants use the sun's energy to convert water…
23 terms
General Chemistry Chapter 7
Systems... (Isolated, Closed, Open)
Processes
Isothermal
Adiabatic
Classified based on what is or is not exchanged with the surr…
Characterized based on a single constant property
Processes occur at a constant temperature
Processes exchange no heat w/ environment
Systems... (Isolated, Closed, Open)
Classified based on what is or is not exchanged with the surr…
Processes
Characterized based on a single constant property
13 terms
General Science quiz Chapter 7
Exosphere
Magnetosphere
Solar winds
Van Allen radiation belts
Outermost layer of the atmosphere. Extends thousands of mile…
Due to the earth's magnetic field. Region of the earth's magn…
Funnels into the ionosphere through regions above the magneti…
Traps some of the solar wind particles
Exosphere
Outermost layer of the atmosphere. Extends thousands of mile…
Magnetosphere
Due to the earth's magnetic field. Region of the earth's magn…
9 terms
General Science Period 4 Terms for Chapter 7 Earth in Space: Earth
Axis
Rotation of Earth
Orbit
Revolution of Earth
An imaginary line through the middle of an object.
a. Spinning on its axis... b. Causes days & nights... c. Takes 24 h…
The path of something to go around something else, like the E…
a. Going around something else, like the sun... b. Causes year
Axis
An imaginary line through the middle of an object.
Rotation of Earth
a. Spinning on its axis... b. Causes days & nights... c. Takes 24 h…
37 terms
Chapter 7 General Term
abductor
adductor
amputation
antagonist
muscle that on contraction draws away from the middle
muscle that draws a part toward the middle
surgical or traumatic removal of a limb, part or other append…
muscle that counteracts the action of another muscle
abductor
muscle that on contraction draws away from the middle
adductor
muscle that draws a part toward the middle
General Chemistry Chapter 7
- System
- Surroundings
- Isolated
- Closed
the matter that is being observed
everything outside of the system
the system can't exchange energy or matter with the surroundi…
the system can exchange energy but not matter with the surrou…
- System
the matter that is being observed
- Surroundings
everything outside of the system
20 terms
General Bio Chapter 7
Autotroph
Photosynthesis
Producers
Heterotrophs
Self-feeder
Plants use the sun's energy to convert water into carbon diox…
Produce organic molecules that serve as food for the organism…
Organisms that cannot make their own food, such as humans
Autotroph
Self-feeder
Photosynthesis
Plants use the sun's energy to convert water into carbon diox…
General Science~Chapter 7~Section 3
________ recorces a natural recorce th…
____________ the energy produced by he…
The resulting steam from _____ passing…
The _____ and hot _____ are used as a…
Renewable recorces
Geothermal energy
Water ... Deep
Steam ... Water
________ recorces a natural recorce th…
Renewable recorces
____________ the energy produced by he…
Geothermal energy
General Chapter 7 Terms
Passive Transport
Diffusion
Osmosis
Active Transport
No ATP energy required.
The movement of a substance from a high concentration to a lo…
The diffusion of water.
The movement of a substance from a low concentration to a hig…
Passive Transport
No ATP energy required.
Diffusion
The movement of a substance from a high concentration to a lo…
General Science~Chapter 7~Section 2
_______ recorces a recorce thst forms…
___________ no renewable energy resour…
Fossil fuels consist primarily of comp…
When hydrocarbons are burned, the brea…
Nonrenewable
Fossil fuels ... Organisms
Hydrocarbons
Chemical ... Heat ... Light
_______ recorces a recorce thst forms…
Nonrenewable
___________ no renewable energy resour…
Fossil fuels ... Organisms
12 terms
Module 7 - General Science
mold
cast
petrify
carbonization
A dead organism can be preserved this way
rocks are formed into the image of a plant or animal
conversion of organic material into a rock
chemical reaction that takes place and leaves a imagine of th…
mold
A dead organism can be preserved this way
cast
rocks are formed into the image of a plant or animal
Chapter 7 General Biology
Phospholipid
Triglyceride
Fluid mosaic model
Proteins tend to
are liquid composed of the membrane
amphipathic ... acid chain-hydrophobic. non polar. not water sol…
position of the phospholipid molecules and protein is not sta…
have less slightly movability in particular of compound phosp…
Phospholipid
are liquid composed of the membrane
Triglyceride
amphipathic ... acid chain-hydrophobic. non polar. not water sol…
General Psychology Chapter 7
memory
encoding
storage
retrieval
the nervous's system's capacity to acquire and retain skills…
processing information so that it can be stored
retention of encoding representations over time
act of recalling or remembering stored information when needed
memory
the nervous's system's capacity to acquire and retain skills…
encoding
processing information so that it can be stored
44 terms
general chapter 7
learning
associative learning
stimulus
respondent behavior
the process of acquiring through experience new information o…
learning that certain events occur together. the events may b…
any event or situation that evokes a response
behavior that occurs as an automatic response to some stimulus
learning
the process of acquiring through experience new information o…
associative learning
learning that certain events occur together. the events may b…
16 terms
Apologia General Science Module 7
6 types of fossils
mold
cast
petrifaction
1-molds; 2-casts; 3-petrified remains; 4-carbonate residues;…
an imprint formed like the object would make if pressed into…
solid rock that has the same shape and surface details as the…
the conversion of organic material into rock. Mineral-rich wa…
6 types of fossils
1-molds; 2-casts; 3-petrified remains; 4-carbonate residues;…
mold
an imprint formed like the object would make if pressed into…
17 terms
Apologia General Science Module 7
6 types of fossils
mold
cast
petrifaction
1-molds and casts; 2-petrified remains; 3-carbonate residues;…
an imprint formed like the object would make if pressed into…
solid rock that has the same shape and surface details as the…
the conversion of organic material into stone
6 types of fossils
1-molds and casts; 2-petrified remains; 3-carbonate residues;…
mold
an imprint formed like the object would make if pressed into…
6 terms
General Chemistry Chapter 7
Valence Orbitals
Effective Nuclear Charge
Bonding Atomic Radius
Ionization Energy
Orbitals that contain the outer-shell electrons of an atom
The net positive charge experienced by an electron in a many…
The radius of an atom as defined by the distances separating…
The energy required to remove an electron from a gaseous atom…
Valence Orbitals
Orbitals that contain the outer-shell electrons of an atom
Effective Nuclear Charge
The net positive charge experienced by an electron in a many…
Chapter 7-9 General Chemistry
Valence Electrons
Electron dot structures
Octet rule
Cation
Electrons in the highest occupied energy level of an element'…
Diagrams that show valence electrons in the atoms of an eleme…
In forming compounds, atoms tend to achieve the electron conf…
A positively charged ion
Valence Electrons
Electrons in the highest occupied energy level of an element'…
Electron dot structures
Diagrams that show valence electrons in the atoms of an eleme…
31 terms
General Biology Chapter 7
Alternation of generations
Aneuploid
Autosome
Chiasmata
a life-cycle type in which the diploid and haploid stages alt…
an individual with an error in chromosome number; includes de…
any of the non-sex chromosomes
the structure that forms at the crossover points after geneti…
Alternation of generations
a life-cycle type in which the diploid and haploid stages alt…
Aneuploid
an individual with an error in chromosome number; includes de…
General Science Midterm Chapter 7
Which movement of substances through a…
Which organelle produces protein for a…
The diagram below represents a cell in…
Cholesterol is repelled by water and c…
active transport
ribosome
The concentration of solute outside the cell is higher than i…
Cholesterol is nonpolar.
Which movement of substances through a…
active transport
Which organelle produces protein for a…
ribosome
39 terms
Chapter 7 General Physiology
Apocrine sweat glands
Appendicular skeleton
Arteries
Articulation
Large sweat glands that are found under the arms, around the…
Portion of the skeleton that consists of the upper extremitie…
Large blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart
Another term for joint
Apocrine sweat glands
Large sweat glands that are found under the arms, around the…
Appendicular skeleton
Portion of the skeleton that consists of the upper extremitie…
17 terms
Apologia General Science Module 7.
types of fossils
mold
cast
petrifaction *
1-molds and casts; 2-petrified remains; 3-carbonate residues;…
an imprint formed like the object would make if pressed into…
solid rock that has the same shape and surface details as the…
the conversion of organic material into stone
types of fossils
1-molds and casts; 2-petrified remains; 3-carbonate residues;…
mold
an imprint formed like the object would make if pressed into…
23 terms
General Chemistry: Chapter 7
The Law of Conservation of Mass
Why must chemical equations be balanced?
Precipitate
Oxidation
In any chemical reaction, the total mass of the products will…
The total mass of products must equal the total mass of the r…
Any solid substance that forms when two solutions are combined
When an atom loses electrons and become either positive or ne…
The Law of Conservation of Mass
In any chemical reaction, the total mass of the products will…
Why must chemical equations be balanced?
The total mass of products must equal the total mass of the r…
20 terms
General Science Module 7
Petrifaction
Resin
Extinct
What is the most likely thing to happe…
the conversion of organic material into stone
a sticky, liquid substance that usually hardens when exposed…
a term applied to a species of plant or animal that was once…
It will decompose.
Petrifaction
the conversion of organic material into stone
Resin
a sticky, liquid substance that usually hardens when exposed…
10 terms
General Music Chapter 7
Minor Scale
Symphony
"Felt" Time
Arranger
A sequence of eight pitches built on the pattern of one whole…
An extended work for orchestra with several contrasting movem…
An aspect of music that controls the listener's sense of how…
A musician who reworks existing musical material
Minor Scale
A sequence of eight pitches built on the pattern of one whole…
Symphony
An extended work for orchestra with several contrasting movem…
General Psychology: Chapter 7
cognition
mental imagery
concepts
prototypes
the activity of your brain to process information
representations that stand in for objects or events and have…
ideas that represent a class or category o objects, events, o…
a concept that closely matches the defining characteristics o…
cognition
the activity of your brain to process information
mental imagery
representations that stand in for objects or events and have…
GENERAL BIOLOGY: Chapter 7
Selective permeability
Fluid Mosaic Model
Peripheral Proteins
Integral Proteins
Plasma membrane allowing some substances to cross it more eas…
That a membrane is a fluid structure with "mosaic" of various…
Bound to the surface of the membrane
Penetrate the hydrophobic core of the membrane... -The hydrophob…
Selective permeability
Plasma membrane allowing some substances to cross it more eas…
Fluid Mosaic Model
That a membrane is a fluid structure with "mosaic" of various…
SCIENCE 4 CHAPTER 7
MARE
CRATER
RILLE
ROTATION
A LARGE FLAT LAND ON THE MOON'S SURFACE IS CALLED A ___________
A HOLLOWED OUT PLACE ON THE MOON'S SURFACE IS CALLED A ______…
A DEEP VALLEY ON THE MOON'S SURFACE IS CALLED A ____________-
EACH COMPLETE SPIN OF THE MOON ON ITS AXIS IS CALLED_________…
MARE
A LARGE FLAT LAND ON THE MOON'S SURFACE IS CALLED A ___________
CRATER
A HOLLOWED OUT PLACE ON THE MOON'S SURFACE IS CALLED A ______…
18 terms
Science - Chapter 7 Volcanoes
volcano
magma
lava
Ring of Fire
a weak spot in the crust where magma comes out.
melted mixture of rocks inside the earth
name for when the melted mixture in the earth reaches the sur…
many volcanoes along the Pacific Ocean
volcano
a weak spot in the crust where magma comes out.
magma
melted mixture of rocks inside the earth
General Biology Chapter 7
____ is NOT needed for the light-depen…
____ take(s) place within the grana.
A correct equation for photosynthesis is
These reactions take place in the stro…
CO2
The light-dependent reactions
SUN + 6CO2 + 6H2O → C6H12O6 + 6O2
Light-independent
____ is NOT needed for the light-depen…
CO2
____ take(s) place within the grana.
The light-dependent reactions
General Psychology Chapter 7
Algorithum
Available Heuristic
Cognitive Revolution
Concept
A step by step procedure for solving problems that is guarant…
Heuristic based on the assumption that the most easily imagin…
The shift in psychology from strict behaviorism to investigat…
A mental map that allows us to know how to react in different…
Algorithum
A step by step procedure for solving problems that is guarant…
Available Heuristic
Heuristic based on the assumption that the most easily imagin…
5 terms
Science Chapter 7 Vocab
chlorophyll
photosynthesis
sugar
oxygen
a green pigment that is found in plants' leaves that help the…
a process that plants use to make energy from sunlight
the type of food that plants make in their leaves
the type of gas that is released into the air after photosynt…
chlorophyll
a green pigment that is found in plants' leaves that help the…
photosynthesis
a process that plants use to make energy from sunlight
Science chapter 7
air mass
barometer
blizzard
currrent
forms over warm area of water that is warm and humid
tool for measuring atmospheric pressure
storm with high winds and snow
movement of the ocean water
air mass
forms over warm area of water that is warm and humid
barometer
tool for measuring atmospheric pressure
23 terms
Science Chapter 7
What three things does a weather map s…
groundwater
wind
different air masses meet and mix
cloud cover, temperature, other current weather conditions
precipitation that soaks into the ground
moving air
weather changes and/or storms can happen when __________
What three things does a weather map s…
cloud cover, temperature, other current weather conditions
groundwater
precipitation that soaks into the ground
13 terms
Science Vocab Chapter 7
Balanced Chemical Equation
Single displacement Reaction
Exothermic
Decomposition reaction
According to the law of conservation of mass, when a chemical…
When one element replaces another element in a compound
A chemical reaction that releases energy
breaking down of a compound into a simpler substance
Balanced Chemical Equation
According to the law of conservation of mass, when a chemical…
Single displacement Reaction
When one element replaces another element in a compound
23 terms
Science Chapter 7
What three things does a weather map s…
groundwater
wind
different air masses meet and mix
cloud cover, temperature, other current weather conditions
precipitation that soaks into the ground
moving air
weather changes and/or storms can happen when __________
What three things does a weather map s…
cloud cover, temperature, other current weather conditions
groundwater
precipitation that soaks into the ground
Chapter 7 General Terms
classical conditioning
stimulus
response
unconditioned stimulus
Ivan Pavlov's method of conditioning, in which associations a…
anything that elicits a response
a reaction to a stimulus
a stimulus that AUTOMATICLY elicits a response(Food)
classical conditioning
Ivan Pavlov's method of conditioning, in which associations a…
stimulus
anything that elicits a response
28 terms
Chapter 7: general pathology
Mitosis
Inflammation
Regeneration
Angiogenesis
the ordinary process of cell division
a protective response of the body designed to rid the initial…
refers to the growth of cells and tissues to replace lost str…
the formation of blood vessels
Mitosis
the ordinary process of cell division
Inflammation
a protective response of the body designed to rid the initial…
41 terms
General Chemistry Chapter 7: Thermodynamics
System
Environment
Isolated
Closed
Matter being observed
Everything outside the system
System cannot exchange energy or matter
System can exchange energy (heat, work), but not matter
System
Matter being observed
Environment
Everything outside the system
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