Study sets matching "general surgery"

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Study sets matching "general surgery"

258 terms
General Surgery
acute abdomen
alimentary tract
epigastric
periumbilical
an intra-abdominal process causing severe pain & often requir…
esophagus to the anal canal
associated with structures innervated by T6-T8; stomach, duod…
related to innervation from T9 to T10; small intestine, appen…
acute abdomen
an intra-abdominal process causing severe pain & often requir…
alimentary tract
esophagus to the anal canal
270 terms
General Surgery
Absorption
Anastomosis
Ascites
Bile
To take in or soak up.
Pathological, surgical, or traumatic formation of an opening…
Abnormal collection of fluid in the abdominal cavity.
Secreation of the liver that emulsifies fats, preparing them…
Absorption
To take in or soak up.
Anastomosis
Pathological, surgical, or traumatic formation of an opening…
221 terms
General Surgery
GI and Nutrition only: following outli…
Abdominal Pain is defined by an abrupt…
what are the 3 peritoneal signs
what are the 2 types of pain
...
peritoneal ... Most causes of acute abdomens are surgical
rigidity... tenderness (with or without rebound)... involuntary gua…
visceral ... parietal (somatic pain)
GI and Nutrition only: following outli…
...
Abdominal Pain is defined by an abrupt…
peritoneal ... Most causes of acute abdomens are surgical
287 terms
General Surgery
What are the basics of a post-gastrect…
What is "dumping syndrome"?
What are the indications for a PEG tube?
What are the indications for an NG tube?
Start with a few days to weeks of liquid diet, then follow th…
A syndrome which occurs 15-30 min after food of high osmolari…
Generally, they are for nutrition or decompression; this incl…
Small bowel obstruction, prolonged ileus, medication/nutritio…
What are the basics of a post-gastrect…
Start with a few days to weeks of liquid diet, then follow th…
What is "dumping syndrome"?
A syndrome which occurs 15-30 min after food of high osmolari…
192 terms
General surgery
What is the diagnostic imaging test of…
Dx of acute appendicitis ?
What is a positive imaging finding for…
s/s of acute appendicitis
CT Abdomen... - not needed for official diagnosis. (can be clini…
Clinical! ... - DO NOT need imaging studies for dx. ... - can use i…
> 6mm dilation of appendix on CT scan
periumbilical pain ... N/V... anorexia ... RLQ abd pain ... fever ... leukoc…
What is the diagnostic imaging test of…
CT Abdomen... - not needed for official diagnosis. (can be clini…
Dx of acute appendicitis ?
Clinical! ... - DO NOT need imaging studies for dx. ... - can use i…
21 terms
General Surgery
Nine regions of the abdomen
Which section contains the majority of…
Four Quadrants of the abdomen
Identify the two layers of the periton…
...
Hypogastric Region
Parietal & Visceral
Nine regions of the abdomen
...
Which section contains the majority of…
Hypogastric Region
359 terms
General Surgery
Carotid Endarterectomy
Pt with TIA and treatments?
Progressive Dysphagia + hx of GERD + w…
Succinylcholine MOA
Surgery designed to prevent Stroke/TIAs... Indications:... Symptom…
Pt has a focal neurological deficit and it resolved.... -should…
Adenocarcinoma of the esophagus... Definitive dx = endoscopy w/…
Depolarizing neuromuscular blocker with a rapid onset that wo…
Carotid Endarterectomy
Surgery designed to prevent Stroke/TIAs... Indications:... Symptom…
Pt with TIA and treatments?
Pt has a focal neurological deficit and it resolved.... -should…
258 terms
General Surgery
acute abdomen
alimentary tract
epigastric
periumbilical
an intra-abdominal process causing severe pain & often requir…
esophagus to the anal canal
associated with structures innervated by T6-T8; stomach, duod…
related to innervation from T9 to T10; small intestine, appen…
acute abdomen
an intra-abdominal process causing severe pain & often requir…
alimentary tract
esophagus to the anal canal
96 terms
general surgery
Surgical treatment for GERD indication
diagnosis of motility problems of esop…
management of achalasia
esophageal cancer
in long-standing symptomatic disease that is not properly con…
manometry is used for definitive diagnosis. ... barium swallow i…
Dx: barium swallow then manometry... Tx: balloon dilatation usua…
will present w/ classic progression of dysphagia starting w/…
Surgical treatment for GERD indication
in long-standing symptomatic disease that is not properly con…
diagnosis of motility problems of esop…
manometry is used for definitive diagnosis. ... barium swallow i…
104 terms
General Surgery
Indicated tests for long-standing GERD
Indication for surgery in someone with…
Surgical procedure for GERD
Management of achalasia
endoscopy and biopsy
-symptomatic disease refractory to drugs... -complications: ulce…
laproscopic nissen fundoplication (with radiofrequency ablati…
balloon dilatation via endoscopy
Indicated tests for long-standing GERD
endoscopy and biopsy
Indication for surgery in someone with…
-symptomatic disease refractory to drugs... -complications: ulce…
270 terms
General Surgery
Absorption
Anastomosis
Ascites
Bile
To take in or soak up.
Pathological, surgical, or traumatic formation of an opening…
Abnormal collection of fluid in the abdominal cavity.
Secreation of the liver that emulsifies fats, preparing them…
Absorption
To take in or soak up.
Anastomosis
Pathological, surgical, or traumatic formation of an opening…
44 terms
General Surgery
GIA stapler or linear
TA stapler
EEA or intraluminal stapler
heller surgery
Single application for resection of diseased bowel also use A…
Staple only; for colon resection, intestines
Securely closes tissue around a catheter/inverts stump
in which the muscles of the cardia (lower esophageal sphincte…
GIA stapler or linear
Single application for resection of diseased bowel also use A…
TA stapler
Staple only; for colon resection, intestines
177 terms
General Surgery
When is surgery indicated for gastroes…
How is severe dyplasia of the esophagu…
How are motility problems diagnosed?
Who is achalasia seen in?
Appropriate when longstanding symptomatic disease that cannot…
Radiofrequency ablation in addition to Nissen fundoplication
Barium swallow usually done first, with manometry studies are…
More common in women
When is surgery indicated for gastroes…
Appropriate when longstanding symptomatic disease that cannot…
How is severe dyplasia of the esophagu…
Radiofrequency ablation in addition to Nissen fundoplication
General Surgery
anastomosis
peristalsis
dehiscence
ascites
surgical connection between two structures, surgically joinin…
muscular contraction... wave like movement in the digestive syst…
partial to complete separation of would edges post-operatively
accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity
anastomosis
surgical connection between two structures, surgically joinin…
peristalsis
muscular contraction... wave like movement in the digestive syst…
126 terms
Surgery - General
Small Bowel Obstruction (SBO)... Causes
the #1 cause of SBO Worldwide
the #1 cause of SBO in adults in indus…
the #1 cause of SBO in Children
HANG IV... Hernia... Adhesions (surgery or endometriosis)... Neoplas…
Hernias (inguinal or incisional)
Postoperative Adhesions
Hernias
Small Bowel Obstruction (SBO)... Causes
HANG IV... Hernia... Adhesions (surgery or endometriosis)... Neoplas…
the #1 cause of SBO Worldwide
Hernias (inguinal or incisional)
270 terms
General Surgery
Absorption
Anastomosis
Ascites
Bile
To take in or soak up.
Pathological, surgical, or traumatic formation of an opening…
Abnormal collection of fluid in the abdominal cavity.
Secreation of the liver that emulsifies fats, preparing them…
Absorption
To take in or soak up.
Anastomosis
Pathological, surgical, or traumatic formation of an opening…
147 terms
General Surgery
Anatomsosis
Appose
Approximate
Blunt dissection
the surgical formation of a passageway between two spaces, ho…
to bring two structures together
to bring body parts or tissues together by sutures or other m…
separation of tissues or tissue planes with an instrument tha…
Anatomsosis
the surgical formation of a passageway between two spaces, ho…
Appose
to bring two structures together
General Surgery
What is the best method to establish t…
In a typical case of reflux, what is t…
What is the concern with long standing…
What are some of the more common compl…
pH monitoring
overweight individual, that complains of burning retrosternal…
damage to the lower esophagus (peptic esophagitis) and the po…
ulceration or stenosis
What is the best method to establish t…
pH monitoring
In a typical case of reflux, what is t…
overweight individual, that complains of burning retrosternal…
35 terms
SURGERY- General
Strangulated Obstruction... - Signs and S…
Colon Cancer Presentation- Right vs Left
Familial Adenomatous Polyposis (FAP)... -…
Crohn's... Site of Origin:... Pattern of Pr…
fever, leukocytosis, constant pain, sxs of peritoneal irritat…
Right- anemia (hypochromic, Fe deficiency), occult blood.... Le…
APC tumor suppressor gene.... Most will develop colon CA by age…
Strangulated Obstruction... - Signs and S…
fever, leukocytosis, constant pain, sxs of peritoneal irritat…
Colon Cancer Presentation- Right vs Left
Right- anemia (hypochromic, Fe deficiency), occult blood.... Le…
40 terms
General Surgery
what are the signs of acute abdomen
what are the most dangerous cancers
define calot triangle
what is cullens sign
GRR (grrrrr)... guarding... rigidity... rebound tenderness
gallbladder... pancreatic... small cell carcinoma (oat cell)
borders: the inferior border of the liver... cystic duct and the…
sign of intraperitoneal hemorrhage... bluish discoloration of um…
what are the signs of acute abdomen
GRR (grrrrr)... guarding... rigidity... rebound tenderness
what are the most dangerous cancers
gallbladder... pancreatic... small cell carcinoma (oat cell)
General Surgery
General Surgery is
Fistula
Dysphagia
Atresia
--Procedures of abdomen and noncosmetic breast... -Gastrointesti…
abnormal passage from abscess or hollow organ to body surface
difficulty in swallowing
imperforation of a normal tubular opening of the body
General Surgery is
--Procedures of abdomen and noncosmetic breast... -Gastrointesti…
Fistula
abnormal passage from abscess or hollow organ to body surface
334 terms
General Surgery
What does it mean when an operation en…
What does it mean when an operation en…
What does it mean when an operation en…
In the GI tract, how are anastomosis o…
To cut.
To take out or to resect.
[1] "-ostomy" means to make an opening (or a "mouth"). [2] If…
If an anastomosis procedure is done, the organs are designate…
What does it mean when an operation en…
To cut.
What does it mean when an operation en…
To take out or to resect.
192 terms
General surgery
What is the diagnostic imaging test of…
Dx of acute appendicitis ?
What is a positive imaging finding for…
s/s of acute appendicitis
CT Abdomen... - not needed for official diagnosis. (can be clini…
Clinical! ... - DO NOT need imaging studies for dx. ... - can use i…
> 6mm dilation of appendix on CT scan
periumbilical pain ... N/V... anorexia ... RLQ abd pain ... fever ... leukoc…
What is the diagnostic imaging test of…
CT Abdomen... - not needed for official diagnosis. (can be clini…
Dx of acute appendicitis ?
Clinical! ... - DO NOT need imaging studies for dx. ... - can use i…
48 terms
General Surgery
General Surgery
Prophylactic
Restorative
Palliative
this type of category of surgery includes the abdominal wall,…
this type of surgical intervention is the preventative surgery
this type of surgical intervention is curative; it is to rega…
this type of surgical intervention is to relieve or alleviate…
General Surgery
this type of category of surgery includes the abdominal wall,…
Prophylactic
this type of surgical intervention is the preventative surgery
General Surgery
Thymectomy
Gastric bypass
Abdominal Perineal resection
Pylormyrotomy
Treats myasthenia gravis
Performed on morbidly obese's patients
Treatment for rectal cancer
Performed for pyloric stenosis generally in infants
Thymectomy
Treats myasthenia gravis
Gastric bypass
Performed on morbidly obese's patients
12 terms
General surgery
Necrosis
-Ostomy
-stasis
ascites
Localized tissue death
To form a new opening
Condition involving the ability to walk
abnormal intraperitoneal accumulation of fluid containing lar…
Necrosis
Localized tissue death
-Ostomy
To form a new opening
334 terms
General Surgery
What does it mean when an operation en…
What does it mean when an operation en…
What does it mean when an operation en…
In the GI tract, how are anastomosis o…
To cut.
To take out or to resect.
[1] "-ostomy" means to make an opening (or a "mouth"). [2] If…
If an anastomosis procedure is done, the organs are designate…
What does it mean when an operation en…
To cut.
What does it mean when an operation en…
To take out or to resect.
72 terms
General Surgery
the abdominal cavity contains
the pelvic cavity contains
the retroperitoneal cavity contains
the anterior abdominal cavity is separ…
abdominal viscera
structures of the reproductive, genitourinary, and lower GI s…
the kidneys, adrenal glands, and ureters
the posterior abdominal peritoneum
the abdominal cavity contains
abdominal viscera
the pelvic cavity contains
structures of the reproductive, genitourinary, and lower GI s…
118 terms
Surgery: General
PO fever: W's
PO fever: During surgery... Dx
PO fever: During surgery... Tx
PO fever: During surgery... PPx
Wind... Water... Walking... Wound... Wonder drugs
Malignant hyperthermia ... (Wonder drug)
IV Dantrolene... O2, IVF, cooling blankets
FHx
PO fever: W's
Wind... Water... Walking... Wound... Wonder drugs
PO fever: During surgery... Dx
Malignant hyperthermia ... (Wonder drug)
50 terms
General Surgery
Absorption
Anastomosis
Ascites
Bile
To take in or soak up
Pathological, surgical, or traumatic formation of an opening…
Abnormal collection of fluid in the abdominal cavity
A secretion of the liver that emulsifies fats, preparing them…
Absorption
To take in or soak up
Anastomosis
Pathological, surgical, or traumatic formation of an opening…
270 terms
General Surgery
Absorption
Anastomosis
Ascites
Bile
To take in or soak up.
Pathological, surgical, or traumatic formation of an opening…
Abnormal collection of fluid in the abdominal cavity.
Secreation of the liver that emulsifies fats, preparing them…
Absorption
To take in or soak up.
Anastomosis
Pathological, surgical, or traumatic formation of an opening…
General Surgery
Pancreas
Cholecystoduodenostomy
Ileostomy
Injectable water
A paramedian incision would be used for this surgical procedure
An anastamosis made between the gallbladder and the duodenum…
The surgical procedure performed in conjunction with a Total…
During an intraoperative cholangiography all of the following…
Pancreas
A paramedian incision would be used for this surgical procedure
Cholecystoduodenostomy
An anastamosis made between the gallbladder and the duodenum…
131 terms
General surgery
what are the bony landmarks of the abd…
what is the name of the point located…
what organ's are located in the RUQ?
what organ's are in the LUQ?
xiphoid process... subcostal margin ... Iilac crests... Symphysis pubis
Mcburney's point
liver ; gallbladder;section of colon... hepatic flexure;transve…
spleen; splenic flexure; stomach;... pancreas
what are the bony landmarks of the abd…
xiphoid process... subcostal margin ... Iilac crests... Symphysis pubis
what is the name of the point located…
Mcburney's point
109 terms
General Surgery
Define choledocholithiasis
Composition of gall stones
Most patient with choledocholithiasis…
Does asymptomatic choledocholithiasis…
Gall stone in common bile duct
Cholesterol
Asymptomatic (80%)
No unless the patient has sickle cell anemia, is a child, or…
Define choledocholithiasis
Gall stone in common bile duct
Composition of gall stones
Cholesterol
General Surgery
Define choledocholithiasis
Composition of gall stones
Most patient with choledocholithiasis…
Does asymptomatic choledocholithiasis…
Gall stone in common bile duct
Cholesterol
Asymptomatic (80%)
No unless the patient has sickle cell anemia, is a child, or…
Define choledocholithiasis
Gall stone in common bile duct
Composition of gall stones
Cholesterol
7 terms
General surgery
General surgery
Orthopedi
Liver
Colon
...
...
...
...
General surgery
...
Orthopedi
...
85 terms
General Surgery
esophagus
large intestine
mucousa, submucosa, muscularis externa…
haustra
extends from pharynx to the cardia of the stomach (adult roug…
functions to reabsorb water and electrolytes, form solid wast…
layers of the large intestine
sacculations in the large intestine that are outpouchings of…
esophagus
extends from pharynx to the cardia of the stomach (adult roug…
large intestine
functions to reabsorb water and electrolytes, form solid wast…
General surgery
What is the diagnostic imaging test of…
Dx of acute appendicitis ?
What is a positive imaging finding for…
s/s of acute appendicitis
CT Abdomen... - not needed for official diagnosis. (can be clini…
Clinical! ... - DO NOT need imaging studies for dx. ... - can use i…
> 6mm dilation of appendix on CT scan
periumbilical pain ... N/V... anorexia ... RLQ abd pain ... fever ... leukoc…
What is the diagnostic imaging test of…
CT Abdomen... - not needed for official diagnosis. (can be clini…
Dx of acute appendicitis ?
Clinical! ... - DO NOT need imaging studies for dx. ... - can use i…
130 terms
general surgery
abdominal peritoneum
direct inguinal hernia
evisceration
fistula
the serous membrane lining the walls of the abdominal cavity.…
a hernia that results from an acquired weakness in the inguin…
protrusion of the viscera outside the body as a result of tra…
an abnormal tract or passage leading from one organ to anothe…
abdominal peritoneum
the serous membrane lining the walls of the abdominal cavity.…
direct inguinal hernia
a hernia that results from an acquired weakness in the inguin…
General Surgery
Focal nodular hyperplasia
Amebic liver abscess
Ogilvie syndrome
Acute paralytic ileus
Who? - Young women... What? - Benign, firm, tan lesion with fibr…
What? - Antamoeba Histolytica... Where? - Mexico, India, Central…
What - "Acute intestinal pseudo-obstruction"; Abdominal diste…
What - Abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and absent bowel sou…
Focal nodular hyperplasia
Who? - Young women... What? - Benign, firm, tan lesion with fibr…
Amebic liver abscess
What? - Antamoeba Histolytica... Where? - Mexico, India, Central…
20 terms
General surgery
Right upper paramedian incision
left lower paramedian incision
Right subcostal
Pfannenstiel incision
B
c
Right upper paramedian incision
left lower paramedian incision
B
221 terms
General Surgery
GI and Nutrition only: following outli…
Abdominal Pain is defined by an abrupt…
what are the 3 peritoneal signs
what are the 2 types of pain
...
peritoneal ... Most causes of acute abdomens are surgical
rigidity... tenderness (with or without rebound)... involuntary gua…
visceral ... parietal (somatic pain)
GI and Nutrition only: following outli…
...
Abdominal Pain is defined by an abrupt…
peritoneal ... Most causes of acute abdomens are surgical
33 terms
General surgery
Major organs in general surgery
4 quadrants of abdomen
Correct order of small intestine as it…
Function of the small intestine
esophagus, stomach, small intestine, colon, biliary system, s…
RUQ, LUQ, RLQ,LLQ
pyloric sphincter- duodenum- jejunum-ileum
Digestions and absorbs nutrients from food
Major organs in general surgery
esophagus, stomach, small intestine, colon, biliary system, s…
4 quadrants of abdomen
RUQ, LUQ, RLQ,LLQ
287 terms
General Surgery
What are the basics of a post-gastrect…
What is "dumping syndrome"?
What are the indications for a PEG tube?
What are the indications for an NG tube?
Start with a few days to weeks of liquid diet, then follow th…
A syndrome which occurs 15-30 min after food of high osmolari…
Generally, they are for nutrition or decompression; this incl…
Small bowel obstruction, prolonged ileus, medication/nutritio…
What are the basics of a post-gastrect…
Start with a few days to weeks of liquid diet, then follow th…
What is "dumping syndrome"?
A syndrome which occurs 15-30 min after food of high osmolari…
24 terms
general surgery
treatment for ischiorectal abscess
what is a complication of ischirectal…
difference between internal and extern…
cause and symptoms of anal fissure?
I and D (rule out cancer, watch closey if diabetic for infect…
fistula in ano (epi migration from anal crypts to perineal sk…
internal bleed (only itch and painful if they prolapse). exte…
young women with tight anal sphincters- blood streak stools,…
treatment for ischiorectal abscess
I and D (rule out cancer, watch closey if diabetic for infect…
what is a complication of ischirectal…
fistula in ano (epi migration from anal crypts to perineal sk…
82 terms
General Surgery
Absorption
Retroperitoneum
Anterior pararenal
Perirenal
To take in or soak up
Is more of a plane than the space, and occupies the area post…
Containing the pancreas and parts of the duodenum and colon.
Contains urologic and vascular structures.
Absorption
To take in or soak up
Retroperitoneum
Is more of a plane than the space, and occupies the area post…
40 terms
General Surgery
Hematologic studies
Tissue specimines
bacteriologic tests
Spinal fluid
ID and count various cells. CBC complete blood count, determi…
Biopsy
ID bacteria, Culture and Sensitivity test. Gram stain. ID cel…
determine presence of bacteria or blood.
Hematologic studies
ID and count various cells. CBC complete blood count, determi…
Tissue specimines
Biopsy
170 terms
General Surgery
permissive
fluids
lethal triad
hypothermia
form of hypotension caused by restrictive fluid therapy in a…
infusions are given during trauma scenarios for ORGAN PERFUSION
consists of coagulopathy, hypothermia and acidosis; tx with o…
when the body's temperature is lower than 36 degrees C
permissive
form of hypotension caused by restrictive fluid therapy in a…
fluids
infusions are given during trauma scenarios for ORGAN PERFUSION
48 terms
General Surgery
Area of the lower abdomen where direct…
Transversalis fascia
Transfer of disease from one site to a…
Favorable outcome, noncancerous
Hesselbach's triangle
Major supporting structure of the posterior inguinal floor.
Metastasis
Benign
Area of the lower abdomen where direct…
Hesselbach's triangle
Transversalis fascia
Major supporting structure of the posterior inguinal floor.
98 terms
General Surgery
anastomosis
peristalsis
dehiscence
ascites
surgical connection between two structures, surgically joinin…
muscular contraction... wave like movement in the digestive syst…
partial to complete separation of would edges post-operatively
accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity
anastomosis
surgical connection between two structures, surgically joinin…
peristalsis
muscular contraction... wave like movement in the digestive syst…
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