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Study sets matching "genes are controlled"

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Study sets matching "genes are controlled"

28 terms
How genes are controlled
cellular differentiation
gene regulation
gene expression
lac operon
The process by which a cell becomes specialized in order to p…
ability of an organism to control which genes are transcribed…
process by which a gene produces its product and the product…
a gene system whose operator gene and three structural genes…
cellular differentiation
The process by which a cell becomes specialized in order to p…
gene regulation
ability of an organism to control which genes are transcribed…
25 terms
How Genes Are Controlled
Cellular differentiation
Gene expression
Clones
Regeneration
Cells become specialized in structure and function -e.g. musc…
"Turning on" genes so phenotype is expressed-regulation can o…
Genetically identical organisms
Regrowth of lost body parts
Cellular differentiation
Cells become specialized in structure and function -e.g. musc…
Gene expression
"Turning on" genes so phenotype is expressed-regulation can o…
23 terms
how genes are controlled
Gene regulation
Gene expression
operon
lac operon
the way that cells control protein production by turning gene…
the process of making and utilizing proteins using the inform…
a cluster of genes with related functions that are controlled…
turned on or off depending on whether or not lactose is prese…
Gene regulation
the way that cells control protein production by turning gene…
Gene expression
the process of making and utilizing proteins using the inform…
14 terms
how genes are controlled
The promoter of an operon _____. (see…
In prokaryotes, operons _____. (see bo…
In some species of bacteria that are r…
In multicellular eukaryotic cells, the…
is where RNA polymerase binds
regulate the rate of transcription
operon
these cells are specialized for different functions
The promoter of an operon _____. (see…
is where RNA polymerase binds
In prokaryotes, operons _____. (see bo…
regulate the rate of transcription
23 terms
how genes are controlled
Gene regulation
Gene expression
operon
lac operon
the way that cells control protein production by turning gene…
the process of making and utilizing proteins using the inform…
a cluster of genes with related functions that are controlled…
turned on or off depending on whether or not lactose is prese…
Gene regulation
the way that cells control protein production by turning gene…
Gene expression
the process of making and utilizing proteins using the inform…
26 terms
How Genes Are Controlled
Cell Differentiation
Gene Regulation
1) Regulation of DNA Packing... 2) The In…
X Chromosome Inactivation
TPBW cells become specialized in structure or function throug…
Switching Genes on and off.
Levels of Gene Regulation
One X chromosome is inactivated randomly at a certain point i…
Cell Differentiation
TPBW cells become specialized in structure or function throug…
Gene Regulation
Switching Genes on and off.
25 terms
How Genes are Controlled-11
How is it that cells in different tiss…
Meaning of gene expression
The process by which genotype becomes…
How are cells specialized (i.e. select…
The cells exhibit different patterns of gene expression.
The overall process by which genetic information flows from g…
gene expression
Through gene regulation
How is it that cells in different tiss…
The cells exhibit different patterns of gene expression.
Meaning of gene expression
The overall process by which genetic information flows from g…
22 terms
how genes are controlled 11
what does it mean to say that genes ar…
e coli living in intestines will expre…
Lac operon of E coli
Promoter
a gene that is turned on is being transcribed into mRNA and t…
it dense' wast energy continuing to produce these enzymes whe…
3 genes that regulate lactose are adjacent in the DNA and are…
site where enzyme RNA polymerase attaches and initiates trans…
what does it mean to say that genes ar…
a gene that is turned on is being transcribed into mRNA and t…
e coli living in intestines will expre…
it dense' wast energy continuing to produce these enzymes whe…
44 terms
Chapter 11: How Genes Are Controlled
Cloning
Gene regulation
Gene expression
Operon
The creation of an individual by asexual reproduction
The turning on and off of genes
The overall process of information flow from genes to proteins
A cluster of genes with related functions, along with control…
Cloning
The creation of an individual by asexual reproduction
Gene regulation
The turning on and off of genes
7 terms
Chapter 11: How Genes Are Controlled
gene regulation
cellular differentiation
gene expression
operon
the turning on and off of genes
when individuals cells become specialized in structure and fu…
the overall process by which genetic information flows from g…
a cluster of genes with related functions, along with the con…
gene regulation
the turning on and off of genes
cellular differentiation
when individuals cells become specialized in structure and fu…
Chapter 11:How Genes are Controlled
activators
adult stem cells
alternative RNA splicing
cellular differentiation
Molecules that increase Enzyme Activity
Cells present in adult tissues that generate replacements for…
A type of eukaryotic gene regulation at the RNA-processing le…
The process by which a cell becomes specialized in order to p…
activators
Molecules that increase Enzyme Activity
adult stem cells
Cells present in adult tissues that generate replacements for…
28 terms
Chapter 11: How Genes are Controlled
Cloning
Gene Regulation
Gene Expression
Differentiation
is the creation of an individual by asexual reproduction
the turning on or off of genes
the overall process of information flow from genes to proteins
involves cell specialization, in structure and function that…
Cloning
is the creation of an individual by asexual reproduction
Gene Regulation
the turning on or off of genes
25 terms
Chapter 11 Bio: How genes are controlled
Cloning
Cloning
Genes
Plant cloning
the creation of an individual by asexual reproduction
does not increase genetic diversity and may trivialize the tr…
Most differentiated cells retain a full set of ________, even…
a root cell can divide to form an adult plant
Cloning
the creation of an individual by asexual reproduction
Cloning
does not increase genetic diversity and may trivialize the tr…
38 terms
Chapter 11: How Genes are Controlled
gene regulation
gene expression
promoter
operator
The turning on and off of genes within a cell in response to…
The process whereby genetic information flows from genes to p…
A specific nucleotide sequence in DNA located near the start…
In prokaryotic DNA, a sequence of nucleotides near the start…
gene regulation
The turning on and off of genes within a cell in response to…
gene expression
The process whereby genetic information flows from genes to p…
34 terms
Biology Chapter 11: How Genes Are Controlled
gene regulation
gene expression
promoter
operator
The turning on and off of genes within a cell in response to…
The process whereby genetic information flows from genes to p…
A specific nucleotide sequence in DNA located at the start of…
In prokaryotic DNA, a sequence of nucleotides near the start…
gene regulation
The turning on and off of genes within a cell in response to…
gene expression
The process whereby genetic information flows from genes to p…
12 terms
Biology Chapter 11: How Genes Are Controlled
gene regulation
gene expression
differentiation
histone
The turning on and off of genes within a cell in response to…
The process whereby genetic information flows from genes to p…
The specialization in the structure and function of cells tha…
A small protein molecule associated with DNA and important in…
gene regulation
The turning on and off of genes within a cell in response to…
gene expression
The process whereby genetic information flows from genes to p…
34 terms
Biology Chapter 11: How Genes Are Controlled
gene regulation
gene expression
promoter
operator
The turning on and off of genes within a cell in response to…
The process whereby genetic information flows from genes to p…
A specific nucleotide sequence in DNA located at the start of…
In prokaryotic DNA, a sequence of nucleotides near the start…
gene regulation
The turning on and off of genes within a cell in response to…
gene expression
The process whereby genetic information flows from genes to p…
34 terms
Biology Chapter 11: How Genes Are Controlled
gene regulation
gene expression
promoter
operator
The turning on and off of genes within a cell in response to…
The process whereby genetic information flows from genes to p…
A specific nucleotide sequence in DNA located at the start of…
In prokaryotic DNA, a sequence of nucleotides near the start…
gene regulation
The turning on and off of genes within a cell in response to…
gene expression
The process whereby genetic information flows from genes to p…
8 terms
Chapter 11: How Genes Are Controlled
Somatic Cells
Cellular Differentiation
Gene Regulation
Lac Operon
Contain copies of every gene
Cells become specialized in structure or function through sel…
Switching Genes on and off
Switched on in the presence of lactose
Somatic Cells
Contain copies of every gene
Cellular Differentiation
Cells become specialized in structure or function through sel…
40 terms
Chapter 11; How Genes Are Controlled
Clone
Gene Regulation
Gene Expression
lac Operon
individual created by asexual reproduction
-turning on and off the genes... -helps organisms respond to cha…
genotype to phenotype
- E. Coli uses 3 enzymes to take up and start metabolizing la…
Clone
individual created by asexual reproduction
Gene Regulation
-turning on and off the genes... -helps organisms respond to cha…
34 terms
Chapter 11: How Genes Are Controlled
gene regulation
gene expression
promoter
operator
The turning on and off of genes within a cell in response to…
The process whereby genetic information flows from genes to p…
A specific nucleotide sequence in DNA located at the start of…
In prokaryotic DNA, a sequence of nucleotides near the start…
gene regulation
The turning on and off of genes within a cell in response to…
gene expression
The process whereby genetic information flows from genes to p…
28 terms
Ch.11: How genes are controlled
Gene expression
Operator
Operon
Repressor
The overall process by which genetic info flows from genes to…
The switch between the promoter and enzyme genes, determines…
A cluster of genes with related functions, along with a promo…
A protein that functions by binding to the operator and physi…
Gene expression
The overall process by which genetic info flows from genes to…
Operator
The switch between the promoter and enzyme genes, determines…
8 terms
Chapter 11—How Genes Are Controlled
Explain how the lac operon works:
Explain how transcription is regulated…
Explain how RNA is processed in eukary…
Explain how homeotic (hox) genes help…
.
.
.
.
Explain how the lac operon works:
.
Explain how transcription is regulated…
.
32 terms
Chap 11. How genes are controlled
Operon
Lac operon includes..
Operator
Bacteria가 선호하는 밥
Is a group of genes under coordinated control in bacteria
- promoter... - operator... - lactose-utiliztion genes(Structural g…
Where a repressor can bind and block RNA polymerase action
Glucose > Lactose
Operon
Is a group of genes under coordinated control in bacteria
Lac operon includes..
- promoter... - operator... - lactose-utiliztion genes(Structural g…
15 terms
Chapter 11 - How Genes are Controlled
Gene regulation
Gene expression
proteins
E Coli
The turning on and off of genes
the overall process of information flow from genes to proteins
The control of gene expression allows cells to produce specif…
The earliest understanding of gene control came from the stud…
Gene regulation
The turning on and off of genes
Gene expression
the overall process of information flow from genes to proteins
15 terms
Chapter 11 How Genes are Controlled
Gene Regulation
Gene Expression
Cellular Differentiation
Gene regulation in bacteria
Some genes are turned on and some turned off.
The overall process by which genetic information flows from g…
Cells become specialized in structure and function and some g…
Only certain genes, only at specific times when the products…
Gene Regulation
Some genes are turned on and some turned off.
Gene Expression
The overall process by which genetic information flows from g…
Chapter 11 How Genes Are Controlled
The term gene expression refers to the
A gene operon consists of
In a prokaryote, a group of genes with…
The lac operon in Escherichia coli
Process by which genetic information flows from genes to prot…
transcribed genes, an operator, and a promoter.
an operon
Prevents lactose-utilizing enzymes from being expressed when…
The term gene expression refers to the
Process by which genetic information flows from genes to prot…
A gene operon consists of
transcribed genes, an operator, and a promoter.
Chapter 11A: How Genes are Controlled
combinations of genes
modes of regulation
Constitutive Genes
Repressible Genes
Importance of Regulation - insures that the right ___________…
Prokaryotes & eukaryotes have different
genes that are expressed (i.e. "turned on") in all cells, all…
expression is inhibited (i.e. "turned off") under specific co…
combinations of genes
Importance of Regulation - insures that the right ___________…
modes of regulation
Prokaryotes & eukaryotes have different
34 terms
Chapter 11: How Genes Are Controlled
gene regulation
gene expression
promoter
operator
The turning on and off of genes within a cell in response to…
The process whereby genetic information flows from genes to p…
A specific nucleotide sequence in DNA located at the start of…
In prokaryotic DNA, a sequence of nucleotides near the start…
gene regulation
The turning on and off of genes within a cell in response to…
gene expression
The process whereby genetic information flows from genes to p…
29 terms
Biology Chapter 11 - How Genes are Controlled
Gene Regulation
Gene Expression
Promoter
Operator
The turning on and off of genes (11.1)
Overall process by which genetic information flows from genes…
Site where transcription enzyme RNA polymerase attaches and i…
DNA control sequence that acts as a switch between the promot…
Gene Regulation
The turning on and off of genes (11.1)
Gene Expression
Overall process by which genetic information flows from genes…
12 terms
Chapter 11 Hows Genes are Controlled
How Genes are Regulated
Operon
Promoter
Operator
must turn on certain genes, and keep genes turned off
genetic light switch
site initiates
switch
How Genes are Regulated
must turn on certain genes, and keep genes turned off
Operon
genetic light switch
60 terms
Ch.11: How Genes Are Controlled
11.1
gene regulation
gene expression
promoter
11.1-Proteins interacting with DNA turn prokaryotic genes on…
the turning on or off of genes
the overall process by which genetic information flows from g…
a site where the transcription enzyme (RNA polymerase) attach…
11.1
11.1-Proteins interacting with DNA turn prokaryotic genes on…
gene regulation
the turning on or off of genes
28 terms
Chapter 11; How Genes Are Controlled
clone
gene expression
promoter
operon
an individual created by asexual reproduction and thus identi…
the overall process by which genetic information flows from g…
a site where the transcription enzyme, RNA polymerase, attach…
determines whether RNA polymerase can attach to the promoter…
clone
an individual created by asexual reproduction and thus identi…
gene expression
the overall process by which genetic information flows from g…
27 terms
Chapter 11: How Genes Are Controlled
Gene regulation
Gene expression
Promoter
Operator
the turning on and off of genes within a cell in response to…
the process whereby genetic information flows from genes to p…
a specific nucleotide sequence in DNA located near the start…
a sequence of nucleotides near the start of an operon to whic…
Gene regulation
the turning on and off of genes within a cell in response to…
Gene expression
the process whereby genetic information flows from genes to p…
11 terms
CH-11 How genes are controlled
1) All of the cells in your body are d…
Genes expressed by all cells
Not all genes are expressed
Cell Differentiation
...
1) Some of the genes affect structural features and metabolic…
1) Nearly all of the cell types (ie. skin cells in the same i…
3) Selective gene expression results in cell differentiation…
1) All of the cells in your body are d…
...
Genes expressed by all cells
1) Some of the genes affect structural features and metabolic…
62 terms
Ch 11 How Genes are Controlled
gene regulation
gene expression
lac (lactose) operon
lac operon regulation
...
The process whereby genetic information flows from genes to p…
Three adjacent genes for lactose-utilization enzymes... Promote…
Regulatory gene codes for a repressor protein... In the absence…
gene regulation
...
gene expression
The process whereby genetic information flows from genes to p…
32 terms
CHAPTER 11: HOW GENES ARE CONTROLLED
Signal transduction pathway
alternative RNA splicing
Barr body
gene regulation
in cell biology, a series of molecular changes that converts…
a type of regulation at the RNA- processing level in which di…
a dense body formed from a deactivated X chromosome found in…
the turing on and off of genes a cell in response to environm…
Signal transduction pathway
in cell biology, a series of molecular changes that converts…
alternative RNA splicing
a type of regulation at the RNA- processing level in which di…
12 terms
Biology Chapter 11: How Genes Are Controlled
gene regulation
gene expression
differentiation
histone
The turning on and off of genes within a cell in response to…
The process whereby genetic information flows from genes to p…
The specialization in the structure and function of cells tha…
A small protein molecule associated with DNA and important in…
gene regulation
The turning on and off of genes within a cell in response to…
gene expression
The process whereby genetic information flows from genes to p…
34 terms
Biology Chapter 11: How Genes Are Controlled
gene regulation
gene expression
promoter
operator
The turning on and off of genes within a cell in response to…
The process whereby genetic information flows from genes to p…
A specific nucleotide sequence in DNA located at the start of…
In prokaryotic DNA, a sequence of nucleotides near the start…
gene regulation
The turning on and off of genes within a cell in response to…
gene expression
The process whereby genetic information flows from genes to p…
7 terms
Chapter 11, How Genes Are Controlled
DNA packing is used for long-term inac…
Regulatory proteins bind to DNA and tu…
Addition of a cap and tail, removal of…
Gene regulation can cross cell boundar…
Explain how DNA packing influences gene expression
Explain how transcription is regulated in eukaryotes
Explain how RNA is processed in eukaryotes before it leaves t…
What's the significance of cell signaling in multicellular or…
DNA packing is used for long-term inac…
Explain how DNA packing influences gene expression
Regulatory proteins bind to DNA and tu…
Explain how transcription is regulated in eukaryotes
27 terms
Chapter 11 how genes are controlled
central dogma
gene expression
how cancer is caused
gene regulation
life from a gene is transformed into an organism we see; geno…
overall process where genetic information flows from the gene…
defects in our genes that do not turn off when they are suppo…
the turning on and off of genes
central dogma
life from a gene is transformed into an organism we see; geno…
gene expression
overall process where genetic information flows from the gene…
26 terms
Ch. 11 How Genes are Controlled
cancer-associated genes
DNA
somatic cell
gene regulation
encode proteins that turn other genes on or off
every cell in your body has the same ___ as the zygote.
every ________ contains every gene
mechanisms that turn on certain genes while other genes remai…
cancer-associated genes
encode proteins that turn other genes on or off
DNA
every cell in your body has the same ___ as the zygote.
58 terms
Chapter 11--How genes are controlled
Differentiation
Cells are turned off and on depending…
Genes can be turned off...
Embryonic stem cell
-Involves cell specialization in function and structure... -Cont…
1. Location ... 2. Timing
Temporarily or permanently
Cell that has the ability to have ALL genes switched "on"
Differentiation
-Involves cell specialization in function and structure... -Cont…
Cells are turned off and on depending…
1. Location ... 2. Timing
21 terms
Ch. 11 How Genes are controlled
Four of the many different types of hu…
gene expression
The regulation of gene expression
genes direct response to their environ…
Three muscle cells (partial), A nerve cell (partial), Sperm c…
- A gene is turned on and transcribed into RNA... - Information…
a central role in development from a zygote to... a multicellula…
Turn genes on/off
Four of the many different types of hu…
Three muscle cells (partial), A nerve cell (partial), Sperm c…
gene expression
- A gene is turned on and transcribed into RNA... - Information…
32 terms
Chapter 11: How genes are controlled
How and Why Genes are Regulated... --How…
Patterns of Gene Expression in Differe…
Patterns of Gene Expression in Differe…
Patterns of Gene Expression in Differe…
--Every somatic (body) cell in an organism contains identical…
--a gene is turned on and transcribed into RNA... --information…
--Information flows from DNA to RNA to proteins.
--The selective expression of genes.
How and Why Genes are Regulated... --How…
--Every somatic (body) cell in an organism contains identical…
Patterns of Gene Expression in Differe…
--a gene is turned on and transcribed into RNA... --information…
31 terms
Chapter 11: How Genes are Controlled
activator
adult stem cell
alternative RNA splicing
Barr body
A protein that switches on a gene or group of genes.
A cell present in adult tissues that generates replacements f…
A type of regulation at the RNA-processing level in which dif…
A dense body formed from a deactivated X chromosome found in…
activator
A protein that switches on a gene or group of genes.
adult stem cell
A cell present in adult tissues that generates replacements f…
CH 11 - How are genes controlled
Cloning
cell goes to tissue in you (steps)
growth
cellular differeniaion
take the egg, remove the nucleus, insert adult nucleus, impla…
1) epithelial- body coverings (outer)... 2) connective- binds an…
increase in number of cells
specialization of cells
Cloning
take the egg, remove the nucleus, insert adult nucleus, impla…
cell goes to tissue in you (steps)
1) epithelial- body coverings (outer)... 2) connective- binds an…
34 terms
Biology Chapter 11: How Genes Are Controlled
gene regulation
gene expression
promoter
operator
The turning on and off of genes within a cell in response to…
The process whereby genetic information flows from genes to p…
A specific nucleotide sequence in DNA located at the start of…
In prokaryotic DNA, a sequence of nucleotides near the start…
gene regulation
The turning on and off of genes within a cell in response to…
gene expression
The process whereby genetic information flows from genes to p…
29 terms
Ch. 11 How genes are controlled
clone
gene expression
promoter
operator
an individual created by asexual reproduction and thus geneti…
The overall process by which genetic information flows from g…
a site where the transcription enzyme, RNA polymerase, attach…
a switch between the promoter and the enzyme genes and determ…
clone
an individual created by asexual reproduction and thus geneti…
gene expression
The overall process by which genetic information flows from g…
65 terms
Chapter 11: How Genes Are Controlled
gene regulation
What does gene regulation do?
gene expression
promoter
the turning on and off of genes (genes turned on are being tr…
helps organisms respond to environmental changes
the overall process by which genetic information flows from g…
site where the transcription enzyme, RNA polymerase, attaches…
gene regulation
the turning on and off of genes (genes turned on are being tr…
What does gene regulation do?
helps organisms respond to environmental changes
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