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14 terms
Chapter 11 (DNA & Genes)
Nitrogenous base
Double Helix
DNA Replication
Messenger RNA
Adenine, Thymine, Cytosine, or Guanine in a strand of DNA
The shape of DNA composed of two strands twisted together
The process in which DNA in the chromosomes are copied
A type of RNA that brings instructions from the DNA in the nu…
Nitrogenous base
Adenine, Thymine, Cytosine, or Guanine in a strand of DNA
Double Helix
The shape of DNA composed of two strands twisted together
14 terms
Chapter 11 DNA Genes
DNA Replication
double helix
nitrogenous base
codon
DNA unzips into two parts and splits with the cell. In it's n…
Shape of DNA
single or double ring of carbon and nitrogen atoms with attac…
A specific sequence of three adjacent bases on a strand of DN…
DNA Replication
DNA unzips into two parts and splits with the cell. In it's n…
double helix
Shape of DNA
14 terms
DNA and Genes Chapter 11
nitrogenous base
double helix
DNA replication
messenger RNA; mRNA
carbon ring structure found in DNA or RNA that contains one o…
shape of a DNA molecule formed when two twisted DNA strands a…
process in which chromosomal DNA is copied before mitosis or…
RNA that transports information from DNA in the nucleus to th…
nitrogenous base
carbon ring structure found in DNA or RNA that contains one o…
double helix
shape of a DNA molecule formed when two twisted DNA strands a…
28 terms
DNA and Genes - Chapter 11
DNA
Genome
RNA
mRNA
deoxyribonucleic acid; is composed of long chains made up of…
Is all the DNA-based info in an organism on a particular indi…
Single-stranded nucleic acid that is similar to DNA in some w…
Messenger RNA; its function is to deliver the genetic info fr…
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid; is composed of long chains made up of…
Genome
Is all the DNA-based info in an organism on a particular indi…
10 terms
Chapter 11 DNA and Genes
nitrogenous base
double helix
DNA replication
messenger RNA (mRNA)
carbon ring structure that contains one or more atoms of nitr…
twisted ladder shape of a DNA molecule
process where DNA makes an exact copy of itself
brings instructions from DNA in the nucleus to the ribosomes
nitrogenous base
carbon ring structure that contains one or more atoms of nitr…
double helix
twisted ladder shape of a DNA molecule
Chapter 11 genes
genetics
pollination
fertilization
gene
scientific study of heredity
transfer of pollen from the male reproductive structure to th…
process in sexual reproduction in which male/female reproduct…
sequence of DNA that codes for a protein and thus determines…
genetics
scientific study of heredity
pollination
transfer of pollen from the male reproductive structure to th…
21 terms
Chapter 11 Genes
Heredity
Genetics*
Self Pollinate
Cross pollination
The passing of characteristics from parent to offspring
the study of heredity
The ability for the plant to pollinate itself
The crossing of sex cells of different plants
Heredity
The passing of characteristics from parent to offspring
Genetics*
the study of heredity
9 terms
DNA and Genes chapter 11
the structure of DNA
process of DNA replication
define a gene
DNA
-made up of molecules called nucleotides. ... -the sides of the…
1. DNA double helix unzips, exposing nitrogen bases that need…
a segment of DNA that codes for a protein
-found only in the nucleus of eukaryote cells (exception duri…
the structure of DNA
-made up of molecules called nucleotides. ... -the sides of the…
process of DNA replication
1. DNA double helix unzips, exposing nitrogen bases that need…
25 terms
Chapter 11-genes
Fertilization
True breeding
Trait
Hybrids
When male and female reproductive cells join
Producing offspring identical to the parent
Specific characteristic
Cross between parents with different traits
Fertilization
When male and female reproductive cells join
True breeding
Producing offspring identical to the parent
20 terms
chapter 11 - genes
W. Sutton and T. Boveri
Oswald Avery
Hershey and Chase
Fredrick Griffith
chromosome theory of heredity - genes are carried on chromoso…
DNA is the genetic material
confirm DNA is genetic material
discovered phenomenon of transformation, identified DNA as th…
W. Sutton and T. Boveri
chromosome theory of heredity - genes are carried on chromoso…
Oswald Avery
DNA is the genetic material
30 terms
Chapter 11 genes
Heredity
Genetics
Gregor Mendel
Pea plants are
The delivery of characteristics from parent to offspring
The scientific study of heredity
The father of modern science of genetics
Typically self- fertilizing, meaning that the sperm cells fer…
Heredity
The delivery of characteristics from parent to offspring
Genetics
The scientific study of heredity
15 terms
Genes and Behavior Chapter 11
Schizophrenia
Catatonic Schizophrenia
Disorganized schizophrenia
Neuroleptics
psychiatric disorder that is manifested as disorganized (some…
Social isolation, lack of affect, and in some cases, extended…
nonsensical speech, inappropriate emotional outbursts, and pu…
Drugs used to treat schizophrenia and they decrease dopamine…
Schizophrenia
psychiatric disorder that is manifested as disorganized (some…
Catatonic Schizophrenia
Social isolation, lack of affect, and in some cases, extended…
40 terms
DNA and Genes, Chapter 11
What does DNA stand for?
DNA is the what?
DNA achieves its control by...
What is the shape of DNA?
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
The blue print of life
determining the structure of proteins and protenins are the b…
Double Helix Shape
What does DNA stand for?
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
DNA is the what?
The blue print of life
19 terms
Chapter 11 DNA and Genes
Thymine
Cytosine
What are ribosomes made of?
Who created the first model of DNA
Nitrogen base that bonds with Adenine
Nitrogen base that bonds with Guanine
rRNA and protein
Watson and Crick
Thymine
Nitrogen base that bonds with Adenine
Cytosine
Nitrogen base that bonds with Guanine
9 terms
Chapter 11: DNA & Genes
You should be able to:
What molecule controls inheritance?
Genetic material can be passed horizon…
DNA is the genetic material, not protein
-Explain the discoveries made in experiments by Griffith, and…
-Protein... -20 monomer types (amino acids)... -3,200,000 possibl…
First picture on document... -To keep it straight in your head…
-Avery, McCarty, and MacLeod... -Second picture on document... -T…
You should be able to:
-Explain the discoveries made in experiments by Griffith, and…
What molecule controls inheritance?
-Protein... -20 monomer types (amino acids)... -3,200,000 possibl…
14 terms
Biology Chapter 11: DNA and Genes
Nitrogen base
Double Helix
DNA replication
Messenger RNA
A carbon ring structure that contains one or more atoms of ni…
The shape of DNA because it it is composed of two strands
The process of making copies of DNA. During replication each…
RNA that brings information from the DNA in the nucleus to th…
Nitrogen base
A carbon ring structure that contains one or more atoms of ni…
Double Helix
The shape of DNA because it it is composed of two strands
17 terms
Chapter 11- Genes
Who is the father of genetics?
What is Homozygous?
What is a Dominant allele?
What is a Recessive allele?
Mendel. Called a gene an Element.
Same alleles of a gene for a trait.
When 1 trait was termed out of the 2.
The other trait you cannot see physically.
Who is the father of genetics?
Mendel. Called a gene an Element.
What is Homozygous?
Same alleles of a gene for a trait.
20 terms
Biology Chapter 11 - DNA and Genes
nucleotide
nitrogenous base
double helix
DNA replication
subunit of a nucleic acid formed from a simple sugar, a phosp…
carbon ring structure found in DNA or RNA that contains one o…
shape of a DNA molecule formed when two twisted DNA strands a…
process in which chromosomal DNA is copied before mitosis or…
nucleotide
subunit of a nucleic acid formed from a simple sugar, a phosp…
nitrogenous base
carbon ring structure found in DNA or RNA that contains one o…
17 terms
Chapter 11 Vocabulary: DNA and Genes
Nucleotide
Nitrogenous Base
Double Helix
DNA Replication
Subunit of a nucleic acid formed from a simple sugar, a phosp…
Carbon ring structure found in DNA or RNA that contains one o…
Shape of a DNA molecule formed when two twisted DNA strands a…
Process in which chromosomal DNA is copied before mitosis or…
Nucleotide
Subunit of a nucleic acid formed from a simple sugar, a phosp…
Nitrogenous Base
Carbon ring structure found in DNA or RNA that contains one o…
14 terms
Chapter 11 DNA and Genes
nitrogenous base
double helix
DNA replication
messenger RNA (mRNA)
carbon ring structure that contains one or more atoms of nitr…
twisted ladder shape of a DNA molecule
process where DNA makes an exact copy of itself
brings instructions from DNA in the nucleus to the ribosomes
nitrogenous base
carbon ring structure that contains one or more atoms of nitr…
double helix
twisted ladder shape of a DNA molecule
17 terms
Biology - Chapter 11 DNA & Genes
Nucleotides
Nitrogenous Base
Double Helix
DNA Replication
Subunits of nucleic acid formed from a single sugar, a phosph…
Carbon ring structure found in DNA and RNA that contains 1 or…
Shape of DNA molecule formed when 2 twisted DNA strands are c…
Process in which chromosomal DNA is copied before mitosis or…
Nucleotides
Subunits of nucleic acid formed from a single sugar, a phosph…
Nitrogenous Base
Carbon ring structure found in DNA and RNA that contains 1 or…
38 terms
Chapter 11- DNA & Genes
DNA
Polymer are made up of
Nucleotide has 3 parts
Nitrogenous base
deoxyribonucleic acid
Nucleotides
Sugar(deoxyribose), Phosphate, NItrogenous base
carbon ring structure that contains one or more atoms of nitr…
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid
Polymer are made up of
Nucleotides
16 terms
Chapter 11: DNA & Genes
Purines, double ring
Pyramidines, single ring
Structure of DNA
Function of DNA
Adenine & guanine
Cytosine & thymine
varied, simple, 1 gene code for 1 protein
Diff combos, easy to transmit, controls cell activities
Purines, double ring
Adenine & guanine
Pyramidines, single ring
Cytosine & thymine
24 terms
Chapter 11- DNA and Genes
Gene
DNA
RNA
mRNA
A code for genetic traits and are located on chromosomes
A nucleic acid composed of two strands of polynucleotides twi…
A single-stranded nucleic acid similar to DNA
Delivers the genetic information, or instructions, from DNA t…
Gene
A code for genetic traits and are located on chromosomes
DNA
A nucleic acid composed of two strands of polynucleotides twi…
25 terms
Chapter 11: DNA and Genes
Genome
RNA
mRNA
Ribosomes
The _ of an organism or a particular indivudal is all the DNA…
In the living cell, information flows from the DNA that compo…
Most of the RNA in a cell is of a type known as messenger RNA…
Manufacture proteins as directed by the code carried by mRNA…
Genome
The _ of an organism or a particular indivudal is all the DNA…
RNA
In the living cell, information flows from the DNA that compo…
Biology Chapter 11: DNA and Genes
What genetic information ultimately de…
What is DNA?
What three parts make up nucleotides?
Which bases are double-ringed and whic…
DNA
A polymer made up of repeating subunits called nucleotides
A simple sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogen base
Adenine ad Guanine are double ringed bases (purines) while th…
What genetic information ultimately de…
DNA
What is DNA?
A polymer made up of repeating subunits called nucleotides
44 terms
Chapter 11: How Genes Are Controlled
Cloning
Gene regulation
Gene expression
Operon
The creation of an individual by asexual reproduction
The turning on and off of genes
The overall process of information flow from genes to proteins
A cluster of genes with related functions, along with control…
Cloning
The creation of an individual by asexual reproduction
Gene regulation
The turning on and off of genes
18 terms
Chapter 11 DNA and Genes
DNA
polynucleotides
genome
DNA replication
composed of long polynucleotides
a long chain made up of building blocks called nucleotides
of an organism or particular individual is all the DNA based…
entire genome of a cell is copied
DNA
composed of long polynucleotides
polynucleotides
a long chain made up of building blocks called nucleotides
19 terms
Chapter 11 - DNA & Genes
nitrogen base
double helix
DNA replication
messenger RNA (mRNA)
- a carbon ring structure that contains one or more atoms of…
the shape formed by two strands of DNA twisted together
the process in which DNA in chromosomes is copied
a type of RNA that brings information from the DNA in the cel…
nitrogen base
- a carbon ring structure that contains one or more atoms of…
double helix
the shape formed by two strands of DNA twisted together
28 terms
Chapter 11 DNA and Genes
Genes
DNA
James Watson and Francis Crick
Erwin Chargaff
Code for genetic traits and are located on chromosomes.
The genetic material that makes up genes
Contributors for the structure of DNA
A=T G=C (Concept)
Genes
Code for genetic traits and are located on chromosomes.
DNA
The genetic material that makes up genes
35 terms
chapter 11 gene expression
gene expression
genome
structural genes
promoter
activation of a gene that results in formation of a protein
complete genetic material
genes that code for particular polypeptides
DNA segments that recognizes RNA polymerase and starts transc…
gene expression
activation of a gene that results in formation of a protein
genome
complete genetic material
Chapter 11: DNA and Genes
Genes
DNA
DNA
RNA
code for genetic traits and are located on chromosomes.
the genetic material that makes up genes.
a nucleic acid composed of two strands of polynucleotides twi…
a single-stranded nucleic acid similar to DNA.
Genes
code for genetic traits and are located on chromosomes.
DNA
the genetic material that makes up genes.
Chapter 11: DNA and genes
DNA
Nucleotides
Replication of DNA
Proteins
Polymer made of repeating nucleotides; made of two twisted ch…
Join together to form long chains: phosphate of one nucleotid…
Copying DNA each strand serves as a template to make new DNA…
Used for: structures in body, chemical reactions for life fun…
DNA
Polymer made of repeating nucleotides; made of two twisted ch…
Nucleotides
Join together to form long chains: phosphate of one nucleotid…
16 terms
Chapter 11: DNA and Genes
Nitrogenous Base
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
Ribonucleic Acid
DNA Replication
found in DNA and RNA
nucleic acid that contains the sugar deoxyribose (DNA)
nucleic acid that contains the sugar ribose (RNA)
process in which chromosomal DNA is copied before mitosis or…
Nitrogenous Base
found in DNA and RNA
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
nucleic acid that contains the sugar deoxyribose (DNA)
29 terms
Chapter 11 Gene Expression
gene expression
genome
structural gene
operator
the activation of a gene that results in transcription and th…
the complete genetic material contained in an individual
genes that code for polypeptides
a DNA segment that serves as a kind of "switch" by controllin…
gene expression
the activation of a gene that results in transcription and th…
genome
the complete genetic material contained in an individual
24 terms
Chapter 11: DNA and Genes
DNA
Nitrogen Bases
Complimentary Base Pairs
Double Helix
Contains instructions for life; Found in the nucleus.
A = Adenine... T = Thymine (or U = Uracil for RNA)... C= Cytosine... G…
A (Adenine) & T (Thymine)... C (Cytosine) & G (Guanine)
Two strands that are twistied together that composes DNA.
DNA
Contains instructions for life; Found in the nucleus.
Nitrogen Bases
A = Adenine... T = Thymine (or U = Uracil for RNA)... C= Cytosine... G…
14 terms
Chapter 11: DNA and Genes
DNA
Double Helix
DNA Replication
RNA
Contains instructions for life; Found in the nucleus.
Two strands that are twistied together that composes DNA.
The process of which DNA in the chromosomes is copied.
Ribonucleic Acid; Single stranded; Follows instructions and d…
DNA
Contains instructions for life; Found in the nucleus.
Double Helix
Two strands that are twistied together that composes DNA.
23 terms
Chapter 11: DNA and Genes
DNA
Nitrogen Bases
Complimentary Base Pairs
Double Helix
Contains instructions for life; Found in the nucleus.
A = Adenine... T = Thymine (or U = Uracil for RNA)... C= Cytosine... G…
A (Adenine) & T (Thymine)... C (Cytosine) & G (Guanine)
Two strands that are twistied together that composes DNA.
DNA
Contains instructions for life; Found in the nucleus.
Nitrogen Bases
A = Adenine... T = Thymine (or U = Uracil for RNA)... C= Cytosine... G…
7 terms
Chapter 11: How Genes Are Controlled
gene regulation
cellular differentiation
gene expression
operon
the turning on and off of genes
when individuals cells become specialized in structure and fu…
the overall process by which genetic information flows from g…
a cluster of genes with related functions, along with the con…
gene regulation
the turning on and off of genes
cellular differentiation
when individuals cells become specialized in structure and fu…
12 terms
Chapter 11 DNA and Genes
nitrogenous base
double helix
DNA replication
messenger RNA
a carbon ring structure that contains one or more atoms of ni…
DNA of two strands twisted together
process of when DNA in the chromosomes is copied
brings instructions form the DNA in the nucleus to the cells…
nitrogenous base
a carbon ring structure that contains one or more atoms of ni…
double helix
DNA of two strands twisted together
34 terms
Chapter 11- DNA and Genes
nucleotides
Four Types of Nucleotides
The Watson-Crick Model
Complimentary Base pairs
long polymer of repeating subunits
adenine, guanine, cytosine, thymine
the model which proposed that DNA is made of two chains of nu…
adenine and thymine; cytosine and guanine
nucleotides
long polymer of repeating subunits
Four Types of Nucleotides
adenine, guanine, cytosine, thymine
14 terms
Chapter 11 DNA and Genes
Nitrogenous base
Double helix
DNA replication
Messenger RNA
Carbon ring structure found in DNA or RNA That contains one o…
Shape of DNA molecule formed when two twisted DNA strands are…
Process in which chromosomal DNA is copied before mitosis or…
RNA that transports info from DNA in the nucleus to the cell'…
Nitrogenous base
Carbon ring structure found in DNA or RNA That contains one o…
Double helix
Shape of DNA molecule formed when two twisted DNA strands are…
Chapter 11:DNA and Genes
DNA
3 parts of nucleotides
4 possible nitrogen bases
RNA vs. DNA
Polymer made of repeating subunits called nucleotides
A simple sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogen base
Adenine, Guanine, Cytosine, Thymine
single stranded vs. double... ribose vs. deoxyribose ... uracil vs.…
DNA
Polymer made of repeating subunits called nucleotides
3 parts of nucleotides
A simple sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogen base
23 terms
Chapter 11: DNA and Genes
DNA
Nitrogen Bases
Complimentary Base Pairs
Double Helix
Contains instructions for life; Found in the nucleus.
A = Adenine... T = Thymine (or U = Uracil for RNA)... C= Cytosine... G…
A (Adenine) & T (Thymine)... C (Cytosine) & G (Guanine)
Two strands that are twistied together that composes DNA.
DNA
Contains instructions for life; Found in the nucleus.
Nitrogen Bases
A = Adenine... T = Thymine (or U = Uracil for RNA)... C= Cytosine... G…
12 terms
Chapter 11 Gene expression
homeotic genes
bacteria
repressor protein; off
prokaryotes are faster, tend to be 'on…
What genes control the body plan of an organism?
What types of organisms have operons?
When lactose is absent, the ____ binds the operator to turn t…
Name the differences between prokaryotes and eukaryotes in th…
homeotic genes
What genes control the body plan of an organism?
bacteria
What types of organisms have operons?
20 terms
chapter 11 DNA and genes
nitrogenous base
double helix
DNA replication
alfred hershey
an organic base that contains nitrogen, such as a purine or p…
two strands of nucleotides wound about each other; structure…
Process in which chromosomal DNA is copied before mitosis or…
The scientist who worked with Martha Chase to prove that gene…
nitrogenous base
an organic base that contains nitrogen, such as a purine or p…
double helix
two strands of nucleotides wound about each other; structure…
Chapter 11:How Genes are Controlled
activators
adult stem cells
alternative RNA splicing
cellular differentiation
Molecules that increase Enzyme Activity
Cells present in adult tissues that generate replacements for…
A type of eukaryotic gene regulation at the RNA-processing le…
The process by which a cell becomes specialized in order to p…
activators
Molecules that increase Enzyme Activity
adult stem cells
Cells present in adult tissues that generate replacements for…
28 terms
Chapter 11: DNA & Genes
Proteins are made up of...
UAG, UAA, UGA
Deoxyribose
Uracil
Amino acids
These are all stop codons
The sugar found in DNA
The nitrogen base in RNA
Proteins are made up of...
Amino acids
UAG, UAA, UGA
These are all stop codons
Chapter 11 Gene Expression
Password is biology
2 types of Operons
Activators
adult stem cells
...
1) when an enzyme is attached to repressor it makes it inacti…
Third type of operon, these proteins turn operons on by bindi…
Cells present in adult tissues that generate replacements for…
Password is biology
...
2 types of Operons
1) when an enzyme is attached to repressor it makes it inacti…
25 terms
Chapter 11 Bio: How genes are controlled
Cloning
Cloning
Genes
Plant cloning
the creation of an individual by asexual reproduction
does not increase genetic diversity and may trivialize the tr…
Most differentiated cells retain a full set of ________, even…
a root cell can divide to form an adult plant
Cloning
the creation of an individual by asexual reproduction
Cloning
does not increase genetic diversity and may trivialize the tr…
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